Name______________________________

Class __________________

Chapter 39 Endocrine and Reproductive Systems

Date ______________

Chapter Test A

Multiple Choice
Write the letter that best answers the question or completes the statement on
the line provided.
____ 1. The endocrine system
a. affects only the reproductive system.
b. releases hormones into the bloodstream.
c. competes with the nervous system.
d. is made up primarily of glands with ducts.
____ 2. Unlike endocrine glands, exocrine glands
a. have ducts.
b. release hormones.
c. release secretions directly into the
bloodstream.
d. are found throughout the body.
____ 3. A thermostat is a good example of a(an)
a. hormone-receptor complex.
b. feedback system.
c. prostaglandin.
d. exocrine gland.

© Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved.

____ 4. Which structure in Figure 39-1 regulates the
level of calcium in the blood?
a. C
c. E
b. D
d. F

A

B
G
C
H
D

E

____ 5. Which gland produces epinephrine and
norepinephrine?
a. parathyroid
c. pituitary
b. hypothalamus
d. adrenal
____ 6. Which of the following secondary sex
characteristics is caused by testosterone?
a. deepening of the voice
b. widening of the hips
c. development of breasts
d. all of the above

F

I

J

Figure 39-1

____ 7. Which structure produces sperm?
a. scrotum
b. epididymis
c. seminiferous tubules
d. vas deferens

Chapter 39 Test A 477

Sperm must swim into a Fallopian tube. All rights reserved. during the follicular phase b. woman is menstruating. What is the result of gastrulation? a. d. Which of the following is characteristic of infancy? a. Puberty begins. ____10. blastocyst. d. b. protecting the fetus from any drugs or alcohol in the mother’s body c. d. on the day of ovulation ____ 9. d. estrogen level falls. egg is fertilized. b. progesterone level falls. b. at the beginning of the luteal phase d. ____13. An individual reaches 70 percent of his or her height. ____11. A zygote is a a. Menstruation does not occur if the a. The chances of fertilization are very good if sperm are present when a(an) a. egg is in a Fallopian tube. two-celled embryo. a zygote d. uterine lining thickens. c. all of the above ____12. solid ball of about 50 cells. d. providing nutrients to the fetus d. Teeth appear. all of the above ____14. c.Name______________________________ Class __________________ Date ______________ ____ 8. When during the menstrual cycle does an egg have the best chance of being fertilized? a. a blastocyst c. germ layers . just before menstruation c. blastocyst is already present. c. the amnion b. Inc. An egg must be present in the Fallopian tube. 478 Chapter 39 Test A © Pearson Education. mixing the blood of the mother and the fetus b. Which of the following is a function of the placenta? a. b. b. c. The nucleus of a sperm must enter an egg cell. cushioning and protecting the fetus ____15. Which of the following are required for fertilization to occur inside the female body? a. c. fertilized egg. The first signs of aging appear.

_________________________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________________________ 24. 20. ectoderm. Give an example of how the endocrine system maintains homeostasis. List the structures that sperm pass through from the time they are produced until they are expelled from the male body. A problem with the ___________________ can disrupt an embryo’s respiration. During ___________________ . nourishment. Inc. three germ layers form. _________________________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________________________ Chapter 39 Test A 479 . Compare endocrine glands and exocrine glands. 18. _________________________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________________________ 22. The testes are contained in an external sac called the ___________________ . and excretion. 19. 17. write the answers to the questions on the lines provided. All rights reserved.Name______________________________ Class __________________ Date ______________ Completion Complete each statement on the line provided. The ___________________ system is made up of glands that release their products into the ___________________ . 16. They are called ___________________ . Give an example of each kind of gland. and mesoderm. 21. Short Answer In complete sentences. _________________________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________________________ 23. The shortest phase of the menstrual cycle is ___________________ . What are prostaglandins? How are they different from true hormones? _________________________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________________________ © Pearson Education.

Interpreting Graphics Based on Figure 39-2. Inferring Based on Figure 39-2. Many sperm will take the same path toward fertilizing an egg. All rights reserved. Inc. Interpreting Graphics What does Figure 39-2 show? _________________________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________________________ 28.Name______________________________ Class __________________ Date ______________ 25. which hormone directly stimulates target cells in the body? _________________________________________________________________________________ 480 Chapter 39 Test A © Pearson Education. HYPOTHALAMUS TRH (releasing hormone) (inhibits) High thyroxine level (stimulates) (inhibits) ANTERIOR PITUITARY TSH Thyroxine THYROID GLAND (stimulates) Thyroxine Target cells in the body Figure 39-2 26. what happens as the level of thyroxine increases in the blood? . 27. What prevents more than one sperm from fertilizing an egg? _________________________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________________________ Using Science Skills Use the diagram below to answer the following questions on the lines provided.

Inc. Write the answer to each question in the space provided. 31.Name______________________________ Class __________________ Date ______________ 29. Chapter 39 Test A 481 . Describe complementary hormone action and give an example. Applying Concepts Look at Figure 39-2. How will the three endocrine glands shown behave on a cold day when the body needs a higher level of metabolic activity to stay warm? _________________________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________________________ Essay © Pearson Education. Predicting Give an example of how Figure 39-2 would change to show a person who has hyperthyroidism. What are some symptoms of this condition? _________________________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________________________ 30. All rights reserved.

What characteristics are produced in males and females by their sex hormones? . What controls the release of these hormones? 33. Inc.Name______________________________ Class __________________ Date ______________ 32. Describe the action of nonsteroid hormones. What is puberty? 482 Chapter 39 Test A © Pearson Education. 34. 35. Identify the functions of the hormones released by the pituitary gland. All rights reserved.

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