S.

V.

Bacon

AS AN ACTIVE WRESTLER

:

STANDING
CATCH-AS-CATCH-CAN

WRESTLING
(BACON'S STYLE)
system of Wrestling and Physical Training without mats or apparatus.

A new

Adopted by the Army Gymnastic

Staff,

Aldershot, and the Board of Education.

Bj

S.
Fifti-:i:n

V.

BACON
British F.mpirk Champion, 1911
;

Olympic Givmpion, 1908;
Timi.s British

iormancj:,

1914;

Champion Royal Command Pi.rDiploma, with Honours, Physical
In>[\

Fulcation, Incokp.

of Hygilnf..

LONDON
LINK HOUSE PUBLICATIONS, LTD.,
Link House,
4-8

Greville Street, E.Ci

LIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS

PAGE
The Starting Position Referee's Hold Waist Hold CountersWaist Hold Waist and Thigh Hold Neck and Thigh Hold Wrist and Thigh Hold (Fireman's

-------

21

23

-

25 27 29
31

-

Lift)

33 35
35

Lift from Both Thighs

Forward Crutch Hold Forward Chancery and Swing Standing Cradle Hold The Heave Forward Elbow Hold (The Tip) The Hype Turning an Opponent Standing Head Hold (Tour des bras) The Buttock -

---------41 --------45 -----

37
39

43

-

47 49
53
j>5

The Flying Mare

Cornish Lock Forward Rear Waist Hold Rear Waist and Crutch Hold Rear Waist Hold and Half-Nelson Leg Locks

-------51 ----------------

57

59

61

63

PREFACE

Modern
lite
it

civilisation tends to

make everyday
I

more and more complicated, and
natural
for

suppose
to

is

we human

beings

seek

relaxation and recreation of an inversely pro-

portionate degree of simplicity.
there
is

Unfortunately

very

little

which

is

both simple and

new

for very obvious reasons,

and

it

seems that
to

to find

anything which
in

will

conform

our

requirements

this respect,

we must

retrace

our steps along the path of " sports evolution."

There
sports

are, I think, quite a

which, freed

number of old from modern frills and
itself,

furbelows, are simple, but with one exception,

none would appear, by

to

produce an

all-round symmetrical muscular development.

The
I

exception
it

is

wrestling.

have heard

stated

by persons who have,

probably, never practised the game, and

who

cannot have seen

much good
5

wrestling, that a
is

slow and stodgy development

engendered

STANDING CATCH-AS-CATCH-CAN WRESTLING
by
its

frequent practice.

This

is

not correct

;

for the

smooth
is

flexible

muscle of the genuine
for speed of

wrestler

comparable

movement
by any
exercise

and

endurance with that produced

other sport.

Wrestling

is

a

form
for a

of

athletic

which
a

provides

really

symmetrical
lines.

muscular development on
matter of
in
fact, it

Greek

As

was one of the few sports

Olympic Games, held long before the commencement of the Christian era. That it can be made to afford exercise
included
the
first

of almost any degree of severity

is,

I

suppose,

common
a

to

most sports, but
is

it

possesses

one

advantage that

of supreme importance from of view.
I refer to

modern health point extraordinary amount

the

of bending and stretchin a

ing of the trunk involved

bout of wrestling

and the abdominal exercise and massage consequent thereon.
Practised under

modern amateur conditions,
is
is

wherein

all

that

really
as

dangerous

is

eliminated, wrestling

clean

and gentleand,

manly

a

game
has

as

Rugby
a

football,

incidentally,

proved
6

valuable

training

STANDING CATCH-AS-CATCII-CAX WRESTLING
adjunct
team.
for

those

who

follow'

this

popular

game.

La Grange, the French physiologist, considered that more muscular strength could be
acquired and used
in

the practice of wrestling

than in any other game.
enables

My
this

own

observation

me

to

endorse

opinion,

and

as

wrestlers are usually paired according to weight,

strength and wrestling ability, very
of

little

danger

overwork or serious
It

strain should arise.

seems to be generally conceded that some
of physical
exercise
is

type

necessary

for

maintaining

a tolerable in

degree of physical and

mental well-being
life,

most

forms of animal

and

it is

merely

for us to decide, therefore,
r

whether or no the practice of w
or other of
its

resrling in

one

forms does

fill

this

requirement

wholly or
I

in part.
is

claim that wrestling

of great importance

as an attractive

and complete form of physical

exercise,
flexibility

that

good

wrestling
of

can

induce

a

and

grace

movement
sports, I can

seldom

found
as

as

the result of other games, and that

one of the few natural
its

recom-

mend

regular practice.

7

INTRODUCTION

The
type, be

complicating
is

factor

in

wrestling,

as

practised at present,
it

the mat.

Whatever the
expensive

of the mattress variety, or of coconut

fibre or of

Japanese rice straw,
to

it

is

to

buy and bulky

handle and
in

store.

Wrestling
wrest-

mats are few, therefore,
ling practice
is

number and

limited accordingly.

Now,
good

is

there any possibility of obtaining
practice

wrestling

without
fall
?

some kind
think there

of soft surface on which to
is.

I

Wrestling without
to

a

mat, without something
falling,

minimise the shock of
sight to be a

appears

at

first

somewhat dangerous game,
a

but just suppose for

moment

that there

were

no necessity
a bout

to

throw one another down, that

were terminated by some other means.
the present time, there

In the varying styles of wrestling which are
practised
at
is

more
at

than one method of deciding a bout, and
8

STANDING CATCH-AS-CATCH-CAN WRESTLING
one time there were
selecting the
at

least

three

means of

winner of

a

Catch-as-Catch-Can

Contest.

Anothti quite strenuous, but somestyle consisted

what humorous,
to seize an

of

an

effort

opponent's right, or

left,

big toe.
is

In

all

of these, a mat or other soft surface

necessary, but the point I wish to emphasize
is

that

it

is

not necessary to put an opponent

on
to

his shoulders to beat

him, indeed

it is

possible
at all.

win without even throwing him down

The
about
feet

termination of a bout in the

new
is

style of

wrestling,

which
lifting

I

am
an

introducing,

brought
off
his

by

adversary
is

clean

and the modus operandi
a
circle,

as follows.

Imagine
in

between

10 and

15 feet

diameter, marked out on any kind of surface,

wherein two contestants wrestle.
not throw one another.
the

They may They may not touch
Both of these move-

ground with any part of the body other
are

than the feet or hands.

ments
safer

penalised,

providing

thereby

for

wrestling.

The
seize

wrestlers use

any hold

which they can
to

without injury to one
a " Lift/' i.e.,

another in an effort to secure
lift

their adversary's feet clean off the

ground.

9

STANDING CATCH-AS-CATCH-CAN WRESTLING
That
solution
I
is

the rough outline of the

new Standing
it

Catch-as-Catch-Can
I

wrestling

and

is

the

have

to offer to the

mat problem.

make no apology

for introducing this

new

style, for I feel that

something

to enliven the

existing practice of this sport has

been long
tried

overdue.

It

has

been thoroughly

out

under a variety of conditions over
period, and
attractive
It
it

a

long
It is

has stood up to
to

all

tests.

and clean

watch.

may

be thought that Standing Catch-asis

Catch-Can

circumscribed so
it

far as

recognised
in

holds are concerned, but

will

be found

practice that the comparatively few " chips"

described in this book, lend themselves to an infinite amount of " play."

From
that

an

exercise

point of view, the

fact
little

absolutely no apparatus, and
is

very
at

space indeed
all

required, will appeal

once

to

whose

facilities are limited and

who

desire
a

some
certain

type

of

combative
skill
is

sport

wherein

amount of
and

necessary, and

by
It

means of which physical development, strength,
agility,

stamina

may be
10

acquired.

may be

practised in

any existing clubroom or

1

STANDING CATCH-AS-CATCH-CAN WRESTLING
training
circular

quarters which will

accommodate
diameter.
as
it

a

space
is

ten

feet

in

The
fairly

surface

immaterial

so

long

is

smooth.

Linoleum, wood

blocks,

ordinary

floor boards, sand, grass

and asphalt have been

found quite suitable:

For speed of foot movethe better.
to clothing

ment the harder the surface There has been no damage

where

this style has been taught in schools.

In introducing Standing Catch-as-Catch-Can
VVrestling I

know, from experience,
for

that I have

devised, not only a pleasurable athletic pastime,

but

a

means of providing

really

useful

wrestling practice where otherwise none would

be possible.

which active

Numerous young men

situations

occur

in

are grouped together
is

and where sport and exercise

limited to the

amount of apparatus on hand. Similarly, there are boys' clubs where the desire to wrestle exists, but where funds are not to
hand
for the

purchase
will

of
till

a

mat.

Standing
these

Catch-as-Catch-Can
cases.
I

the gap in

have to record

mv
1

indebtedness

to

mv

brothers, E. A. Bacon and L. G. Bacon, for

STANDING CATCH-AS-CATCH-CAN WRESTLING
their criticisms of the style in
its

early stages,

particularly to the former, with
" wrestled " into shape

whom

it

was

from the beginning.

For the display of Standing Catch-as-Catch-

Can
of

wrestling by the boys of Alleyn's College
Gift,

God's

Dulwich,

arranged

for

the

benefit

of the

London County Council and
I

the

Board of Education,

must thank both
the

R. B. Henderson, Esq., B.D., M.A., the Head

and

W. G.

Heal,

Esq.,

Instructor

in

physical education.

The photographs which
were taken by Mr. R. A.
Studio,
J.

illustrate this

book

Butt of the Oxford

New

Oxford

Street,

London, W.C.I.,
wrestlers

himself an old wrestler.

The
son,

who

kindly assisted with the poses are
E.

my
S.

brother,

A.

Bacon,

and

my

K.

Bacon.

Yet another brother, E. H. Bacon, posed with

me many

years ago for the photograph appear-

ing on the cover of this book.
S.

V. Bacon.

12

RULES FOR
STANDING
CATCH-AS-CATCH-CAN
(Bacon's Style)

WRESTLING

i.

Wrestling
the

shall

take

place

within

a

circle,

diameter
I

of which

shall

be
feet.

not

greater than
2.
i.e.,

5 feet,

nor

less

than 10
for
his

Wrestlers shall compete

a " Lift,"

each shall endeavour to

lift

opponent

clean off his jeet.

A
is

" Lift

''

shall

be awarded
satis-

immediately

this

accomplished to the

faction of the Referee.

(Where ground in
<(

a

wrestler

momentarily leaves the
a " buttock " or his

" turning in " for

flying mare," etc., or in
a " Lift
y%

jumping behind
as a pivot

opponent,

shall not

be scored, unless

he use his opponent's body
to

on which

jump

behind.

With

this

exception a wrestler

shall

be awarded onlv " Lifts " actually made

by himself.)
3.

The

Contestants

may

take

hold

how

and where they please, but any grip which endangers
life

or limb, or has for

its

object the

STANDING CATCH-AS-CATCH-CAN WRESTLING
punishing of an opponent, or inflicting such
pain as might force

him

to

give in, shall not

be allowed.
Pulling the hair, or seizing ears,
is

flesh, etc.,

not permitted.
twisted,

Neither fingers nor toes
striking,

may

be

and

kicking,

gouging,

butting and strangling are forbidden.

Holding

an opponent's clothing

is

not allowed.

The employment
palm
use

of such holds as the double

nelson, strangle or half-strangle, flying

mare with
shall

uppermost

or

the

hammerlock

not be permitted in any circumstances, and their

may

be followed by disqualification of the

user.
4.

A
is

bout

shall

be terminated

at

once by
" Lift "

a " Lift," or the best

of three " Lifts," which-

ever

convenient,

but

should
5

no

be scored within a period of
shall

minutes the bout

be awarded to the wrestler

who
9.

has scored

most points under Rules 6 and

Should no

points have been awarded under Rules 6 or 9 the bout shall be awarded to the competitor

who

has performed the better work,

as

herein-

after described, in the opinion of the officials

conducting the bout.

STANDING CATCH-AS-CATCH-CAN WRESTLING
;.

A

wrestler
at

may

place his hands on the
if

ground

any time during the bout

he

so

desire, but no part of the body other than the

hands or
6.

feet

may touch

the ground.

Falling

down, or touching the ground

v ith any part of the
or feet,
7.
is

body other than the hands

penalised by the loss of one point. Locking with the legs to prevent " Liftpermissible.

ing "
8.
is

is

Lifting with the leg as in the "

hype

"

allowed.
9.

If a

complete " Lift " be prevented by

a

leg lock

which
is

one point only
10.

not immediately broken, awarded the " Lifter."
is

Whenever

a

point

is

awarded
v<

under
break
"

Rules 6 or

9, the contestants shall

and commence wrestling afresh.
11.

The
9

loss

of three points under Rules
wrestler
is

6

or

by the same
and
shall

equivalent

to a " Lift "

count

as such.
is

12.
a foul

Deliberately throwing an opponent

and disqualifies the thrower.
Deliberately falling
J%

13.

to

prevent

being

" Lifted

is

penalised by the loss of the bout
falling.
x

by the wrestler so

5

STANDING CATCH-AS-CATCH-CAN WRESTLING
14.

Contestants shall shake hands before
a bout.

commencing and on terminating
15.

For

all

competitions there shall be a

Referee, two Judges, a Timekeeper, and two

Clerks of the Scales.
Decisions as to a
(t

Lift " or falling

under
he so

Rules

2, 6,

and 9

shall

be made by the Referee
if

who may
desire.

consult

with the Judges

Apart from the powers of the Judges, which
are

enumerated hereafter, the entire control
lies

of the bout

in the
shall

hands of the Referee,
final

whose decision

be

and subject to
shall

no appeal.
power
to

Further the Referee
decide any

have the

point arising
is

during the

contesting of a bout which

not specifically

covered by any of these

rules.

The Judges
a decision

shall not

have the power
2,

to give

under Rules

6 and 9, but shall

keep

a record of the points in

gained by the two
defence,

opponents

each contest for attack,
in

and style generally, and
" Lift " having been

the event of no
points having

made nor
Rules
6

been

scored
shall

under

and

9,

the

contest

be decided in accordance with
16

STANDING CATCH-AS-CATCH-CAN WRESTLING
the Judges' scoring, which shall be given in
writing.

In the event of the Judges disagreeing, the
decision
rests

with the

Referee,

who

at

his

discretion shall give a definite decision in favour

of one of the wrestlers, or order a further bout
of 2 minutes' wrestling.

After such a further

period the
decision
1

Referee

shall

be bound to give

a

if

the Judges again disagree.
shall

6.

The bout

commence with

the

call

of

"Time"

by the Timekeeper, who
each successive

shall clearly call the passing of

minute.
17.
*

Wrestlers shall be clad from neck to
to

mid-thigh
in

the satisfaction

of the

Officials

charge of the bout.
Wrestlers
shall

wear

soft

shoes

with

no

projecting metal parts.

Belts or garters with

metal

fastenings,

or

rings

upon

the

fingers

must not be worn.
^hort,

Nails must be trimmed
oil,

and no bandages,

grease or resin,

or any other substance likely to cause injury
or
distress
is

to

an

opponent or advantage

to

himself
I

permitted.

8.

If

both contestants get wholly beyond
17
B

STANDING CATCH-AS-CATCH-CAN
the

Y\

RESTUNG
shall

boundary of the

circle, the

Referee

immediately order them to break and re-com-

mence
If

in the centre of the circle.

one of the contestants get wholly beyond

the

boundary of the

circle,

the Referee shall

immediately order them
centre of the circle, or
impossible,
at

to wrestle
if

towards the

this

appears to be
order

his

discretion,

them

to

break and recommence in the centre of the
circle.

19.

For persistent retreating bevond the
circle,

boundary of the
powered
20.
to

the

Referee

is

em-

disqualify the offender.

In

no circumstances
if

shall

a

" Lift "

be awarded
the

the " Lifter'" be wholly
circle.

beyond
paired

boundary of the
Wrestlers

21.

will

normally

be

according to weight, and in competitions the " draw " will be so arranged that no " byes "
can

occur

(excepting
first

by accident or withround.

drawal) after the

18

STANDING CATCH-AS-CATCH-CAN WRESTLING
DESCRIPTION OF HOLDS

The

holds described and illustrated in the

following pages are intended merely as a basis

on which the keen athlete can build.
variation has been

Little

made from standard

positions

although

it

is

clear that since

no two wrestlers

ran be absolutely identical in physical build,
flight differences in wrestling

movements may

he expected and indeed actually occur.
" variations " differ so definitely as to
m

Some

become

almost separate
lar

movements and
a basis

in this particu-

each of the standard positions described
easily

may

become

from which

a

group

of similar holds can be elaborated.

Again there are unorthodox positions which
cannot
[riven

be

classed
if

under any of the holds
they be definite holds or

but which,

movements leading to a lift, will eventually become orthodox by use. However, the field is new and large and the author would not desire the youne athlete to
consider that the detail given in the following

pages exhausts every possibility of Standing

Catch-as-Catch-Can.
l

9

STANDING CATCH-AS-CATCH-CAN WRESTLING

THE STARTING POSITION

The
feet

contestants face one another squarely,
apart,
is

well

in

a

straight

line

laterally.

The

trunk

bent well forward from the waist,

arms are

slightly

advanced, the hands being

held about waist high, and the knees are slightly
bent.

The

object

is

to

provide as

little

target as

possible for an opponent's attack, and at the

same time maintain
seize

a position of readiness to

any opening which may be presented.
distance between the wrestlers

The
such

mav

vary

slightly according to
as

whether

a definite hold,

the

<(

Referee's hold/' be taken, or

whether preliminary sparring for an opening
first

takes place.
this

From
every

position

movement
the

is

made

in

direction

within

wrestling

circle,

the same relative position of the limbs being

maintained whilst " on guard."
particular

The

feet in

should

move very

little

from the

straight line laterally, as an

advanced leg forms

an easy target for a quick opponent.

20

* i
i

i 1

STANDING CATCH-AS-CATCH-CAN WRESTLING

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21

STANDING CATCH-AS-CATCH-CAN WRESTLING
REFEREE'S HOLD
This hold, with
slight variations,
is

perhaps

more generally taken than any other when two
wrestlers
first

come

to actual grips.

From

the " on guard " position each wrestler

extends, say, his right

arm and

takes a firm
if

hold on his opponent's neck, taking care,

he be wise, to hold
position, pressing
ent's collar

his
it

own forearm

in a vertical

firmly against his

opponhand

bone

as a " stop."

The
arm.

left

of each contestant grasps the elbow or upper
part

of his

adversary's

right

Each

is

thus in a position of " on guard " but at close
quarters.

Provided that the forearm be used
cribed, the position
is

as des-

one of tolerable
it

safety,

and

is

of use to a strong attacker as
close quarters with his

brings

him
less

to

opponent.

A
it

muscular, but perhaps more active wrestler
as

should avoid the hold, or break or vary
rapidly as possible.

The
referee
grips,

position

is

one that

may

be enforced by a

when two

wrestlers will not

come

to

hence the name.
22

1

STANDING CATCH-AS-CATCH-CAN WRESTLING

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25

STANDING CATCH-AS-CATCH-CAN WRESTLING

THE WAIST HOLD

The
is

waist hold,
as

when
as
is

it

is

properly secured,

about

powerful

any

in obtaining a " lift."

The
back,
buried
"

ideal hold
as

around the small of the
with the head
to

low down
in

as possible,

the

defender's chest
this

avoid

a

" counter/'
lift

When
first

has been secured the

" follows as a matter of course.
the

In

place

an

opponent

must be
his

induced to stand more upright and so open
waist line to attack.

Secondly, his guard must

be pierced
rush.

or
set

else

smothered

in

a

forward
in

No

movements can be indicated

effecting these results, and only practice and

experience will
art of feinting.

make

a wrestler expert in the

Partial waist holds, used in conjunction with

other movements, are also responsible for the

termination of
less

many

bouts.

Nevertheless, unto give an
difficult

some good feinting induce him
hold
is

opening, a good
to
a

extremely

secure

on an opponent

who

maintains a

good position of " on guard."
24

STAxNDING CATCH-AS-CATCH-CAX WRESTLING

The Waist Hold- -Counters The second counter is shown in this illustration,
i.e., squeezing an opponent's arms together. " The third counter is shown in the illustrations to the SUi waist hold" and the "waist and thigh" hold."
'

27

STANDING CATCH-AS-CATCH-CAN WRESTLING

WAIST AND THIGH HOLD
This variation of the hold
often obtained
part
just

described

is

when a full countered, or when it
is

waist hold has been

has been considered
full

impracticable to obtain the

hold.

A

partial hold
in the

often taken as a preliminary

move,
thing

hope, Micawber-like, that some-

may

turn up.

With one arm around

the

body,

this is

sometimes secured by suddenly
so that a grip

bending forward and downward,
on the opposite thigh

may

be taken by passing

the disengaged hand outside and around that

limb.
to

At the same time an endeavour is made improve the partial hold around the waist.
position
closely
is

A

analogous

to

that

of

the

full

waist hold

obtained from which there
lifting.

should be no difficulty in

The
for

counters to this hold are similar to those
waist

the

hold.

Fending

off

with

the

hands and forearms, and
head
hold.

pressing

back the
%%

of one's

opponent prevents the waist
legs,

Withdrawal of the

and " hanging

on an opponent

will assist in avoiding a leg hold
lift.

sufficient to secure a

28

STANDING CATCH-AS-CATCH-CAN WRESTLING

Waist and Thigh Hold
Really good holds were obtained here and a fine powerful " lift " resulted. The attempted counter was applied too late and with too little force to be
successful.

29

STANDING CATCH-AS-CATCH-CAN WRESTLING

NECK AND THIGH HOLD

The
to

lift

from

this

hold

is

somewhat

similar

that

obtained

by the hold on waist and
is

thigh, but as this hold

much
by
a

looser, a

lift

can

only

be

performed

sudden

dash

and swing.
It will

be remembered that
is

in the Referee's

Hold one hand
arm, or maybe
in fact free to

on the other wrestler's neck

while the other hand clasps his elbow or upper
is

entirely disengaged.
to

It

is

move

any position.
as the starting

Taking the Referee's Hold
position,
retain

the neck hold

and suddenly
passing

reach forward with the other hand,
it

quickly and strongly around your adversary's
Step round

opposite thigh from the outside.
slightly in the

same direction

at

the

same time.

Lift with a sideways swing.

The

obvious counter to

this

hold concerns
is

the grip on the thigh and this

avoided by
is

withdrawing the leg before the hold

secured.

STANDING CATCH-AS-CATCH-CAN WRKSTLING

Neck and Thigh Hold
The
partial lift shown here could be completed quite easily by the lifter swinging vigorously to his right.

31

STANDING CATCH-AS-CATCH-CAN WRESTLING

WRIST AND THIGH HOLD
(Fireman's
Lift)

From
i.e.,

the

position

of

" on

guard/'

the

attacker grasps his opponent's opposite wrist,

he grasps the right wrist
raises

in his left

hand.

At the same time he

the

arm

slightly.

Now
arm and

if

the attacker

duck under the

raised

at

the same time grasps his opponent's

diagonally opposite thigh by passing his hand
inside and behind that limb, he will be in a

position for the

lift.

The
if

wrist should

be pulled well

down

to

bring the defender across the shoulders, and
the legs and back be

now

straightened, the

lift is

accomplished.
consist

Stops
wrist,

of withdrawing

the
at

grasped
the right

and carrying the leg back

time.

The head may be
ducks, and
if

forced

downward

as the attacker

the leg be grasped,

bear

down with
shooting

the whole weight, at the same the
legs

time

backward

as

far

as

possible.

^ 9

STANDING CATCH- AS-CATCH-CAN WRESTLING

u-

y
<

t-

X

H

STANDING CATCH-AS-CATCH-CAN WRESTLING
LIFT

FROM BOTH THIGHS

should present no difficulty if the principles of the waist hold and its defences Tave been mastered. The hold on both thighs

This

lift

is

somewhat easier, as the target is considerably more open. The lift is very similar, as regards position, to a good Rugby tackle except that
the
that

movement
game.
obtain
a

is

not carried into effect as in
a

To

good hold on both thighs
in, his

wTestler has, obviously, to wrestle fairly low.

head must go still lower. In this position he is open to one possible stop, i.e., downward pressure on the back of the head and withdrawal of the legs at the same time.

At the moment of going

FORWARD CRUTCH HOLD
arm
This hold, in conjunction with almost any or neck hold, is particularly strong, and becomes stronger according to the distance the hand and arm are passed between the thighs from the front. For the attacker to secure the hold, the
defender must, obviously, be in a fairly upright lifting power is otherwise position, no
obtainable.

This
consists

fact indicates the line of

defence which

of either forcing the attacker's head

backward or withdrawing the legs and bending the trunk forward at the same time.

34

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STANDING CATCH-AS-CATCH-CAN WRESTLING
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35

EEJJ

STANDING CATCH -AS-CATCH-CAN WRESTLING

FORWARD CHANCERY AND SWING
From
head
is

the " on guard " position the defenders

jerked forward and

downward with

a

left-hand hold on the neck, and at the same

time the right arm
defender's
his
left

is

passed underneath the

armpit from the front securing
side.

head between the arm and right
right
left

The
his

attacker's

hand should now be on
shoulder blade.

With the left hand the defender's right upper arm is grasped or a similar grip to that of the right arm is
opponent's
secured.

The
left.

attacker can

now

lift

and swing to the

The

defence

consists

of

preventing
if

the

head being jerked forward, or
accomplished,
in

that has been

forcing

the

attacker's
his

arm

downward
power.

and

thus

minimising

lifting

Counters

may

be obtained with either the

Wrist and Thigh

Hold (Fireman

s

Lift)

or

the Flying Mare, to be described later on.

36

STANDING CATCH-AS-CATCH-CAN WRESTLING

Forward Chancery and Swing
All the detail mentioned is clearlv shown in this illustration. To complete the "lift" a vigorous

turn leftward must be performed with a swing.

37

STANDING CATCH-AS-CATCH-CAN WRESTLING

STANDING CRADLE HOLD

When

a

Forward Chancery Hold has been
and swing,

secured, as previously described, but sufficient

purchase cannot be obtained
a

to

lift

good

lift

can sometimes be effected in the

following manner.

Assuming
held

that

the

Forward
arm,
the

Chancery
attacker

is

with

the

right

steps

partly round to his opponent's side, with his
left foot,

passes his left

arm around
chest.

his

opponbe done

ent's right leg
to join

from behind, and endeavours
If this
a

hands under the
little

there should be

doubt about
a
lift

lift,

and

even with be made.

a partial hold

can sometimes

The
under

defence

consists

of

preventing

the

Forward Chancery, or countering
that hold, and in

as described

withdrawing the leg
to encircle
it.

when an attempt is made movement in preventing
obtained of course plays

Foot
being

the
part.

position

its

?8

STANDING CATCH-AS-CA TCH-CAN WRESTLING

Standing Cradle Hold
In this

photograph the "

arm

lifter " has reversed the position described in the text.

39

STANDING CATCH-AS-CATCH-CAN WRESTLING

THE HEAVE

The

hold

required

for

this

lift

cannot be

obtained direct from

the " on guard " position,

and considerable manoeuvring
before
it

may

be necessary

can be obtained.
that the defender has been, induced

Assume
between

to straighten

up

a little,

and

to leave an

opening

his

body and
left,

left

arm.

The

attacker then quickly dives through the

opening

thus

passing

head,
left

shoulders

and arms between his opponent's
waist.

The

attacker then places his

arm and left arm

across the small of his opponent's back, and
his right

arm under
if

the defender's

abdomen,

retaining a relative " front to front " position.

Join hands

possible and

lift.

The
for

defence consists of leaving no opening
an
attack,
in

such

and

if

the

position

be
that

actually

obtained,

realising

quickly

both wrestlers are
a

in the
is

same position and

that

counter heave

possible.

4c

STANDING CATCH-AS-CATCH-CAX WRESTLING

The Heave
This illustration shows the Heave completed,

41

STANDING CATCH-AS-CATCH-CAX WRESTLING

FORWARD ELBOW HOLD
From

(THE TIP)

the " on guard " position, the attacker

grasps his opponent's opposite wrist from the
inside, knuckles inward.

He

must then sud-

denly drop downward and
his

forward, passing

shoulder and arm inside the

arm

that

is

grasped.

This position may be obtained with
the
leg

advantage whilst diving with the disengaged

hand
ct

for

immediatelv opposite.
,%

A

forward elbow

roll

position

is

thus secured

on the captive arm,
lying

i.e., it is

held firmly between

the attacker's armpit and body, the defender

immediately

above

the

attacker's

shoulders.

A

lift

is

obtained
if

by

straightening

the

legs and

back and

the leg grip referred to

above be

also obtained,

no

difficulty will

be
be

experienced.

The

defence against the arm grip,
is

if it

obtained,

to force the attacker's

head down

with the free hand, whilst pulling free the arm
that

has
strain

been gripped.
backward.
lift

Withdraw

the

feet

and

A

counter

may be
42

obtained, sometimes,
whilst

by reaching over the attacker

he

is

STANDING CATCH-AS-CATCH-CAN WRESTLING

Forward Elbow Hold

(the Tip)

Both arms have been secured by the " lifter " in this photograph, in which position a counter or stop is
practically impossible.

43

STANDING CATCH-AS-CATCH-CAN WRESTLING
striving for the undergrip.

He may

be

lifted

with a body hold or by grasping the legs.

THE HYPE
This
hold
lift

is

of great use

when
but
a

a

fair

waist

has

been

obtained

lift

cannot

be accomplished for lack of arm power.

The
ground
an

attacker's

knee

is

inserted between the

defender's legs, by sliding the foot along the

it

must not be
and

raised

— and by exerting
with
his
if

upward

outward

pressure

thigh against the inside of his opponent's leg,
an easy
lift

may

be accomplished

the

body

hold be used at the same time.

Great care must be used in practising the
leg

work

of this
is

movement, and

if it

be well

applied there

no counter.

44

STANDING CATCH- AS-CATCH-CAN WRESTLING

jThk

Hype

Tn this photograph the "lifter's" waist hold is almost sufficient for his purpose, but he has made doubly sure with a right leg hype- an elegant

movement

in

any

style of wrestling.

45

STANDING CATCK-AS-CATCH-CAN WRESTLING

TURNING AND GETTING BEHIND AN OPPONENT

The
able

following methods permit of consider-

variation

and

must be taken therefore

as the basis
1.

of attack only.

Grasp the opposite wrist or elbow and
and across the body.

pull forward
2.

A

similar pull exerted

on the diagonally
a

opposite
3.

arm

is

a stronger

movement.
has

When

the

attacker

neck

hold,

as in

the Referee's Hold, he
his

may be

turned

sometimes by pushing
over the neck.
In
all

elbow upward and

of these

be

assisted

movements arm work must bv foot work to carry you behind

your opponent.
4.

Lunge diagonally forward and inward
left

with, say, the

foot,

and

seize

your oppoFollow

nent's left ankle with your left hand.

immediately with
the
right
foot
;

a

quick step

round with
right

assist

by placing the
well

hand on the ground

as a pivot
is

and step behind.

This pretty movement
thorough practice that
perfection.
is

worth the

necessary to secure

46

STANDING CATCH-AS-CATCH-CAN WRESTLING

The

Turning and Getting Behind an Opponent third method is illustrated in this photograph.

47

STANDING CATCH-AS-CATCH-CAN WRKSTLING

STANDING HEAD HOLD
(Tour des bras)

This

'

lift

"

is

actually

made when

the

attacker has turned his back to the defender with a complete " about turn " jump, the

defender's

head

lying

over

his

opponent's

shoulder, facing forward, held in that position

by means of

a

backward grip of both bands.

A

cross

underhold on the defender's neck,

across his face,

may

be taken
is

w ith
r

advantage

before the " turn in "

made.

The

lift

resulting

from

this

position
legs

is

accomplished

by straightening the

and

pulling on the captive head.
If the

attacker cannot
in,"

be prevented from
jerk
his

" turning

the

defender should

head backward and force his opponent vigorously away.

This spectacular method

of

throwing
in

an

opponent
wrestling,

is

seen

a great

deal

" All-in
it

but the writer has rarely seen
successfully
in

performed
It is

an

amateur bout.

more

suited to exhibition

work than

for

genuine wrestling.
48

i

STANDING CATCH-AS-CATCH-CAN WRESTLING

in

<
in

o

<

i—

c <
C/)

49

D

STANDING C\TCH-AS-( ATCH-r

\N

WRESTLING

THE BUTTOCK
From
should
the " on guard " position the attacker

take

his

opponent's

opposite

wrist

with one hand and a hold on his neck with
the other.

(This

may be

varied later on.)

A

complete
in
is

" about

turn "

jump

is

now
slides

performed

the

direction

pointed

by the
armpit,

hand which
which

on the neck.
to

This hand
his
far

over the defender's neck
is

squeezed up against his head, hold

being maintained on the wrist, which should be pulled across the attacker's abdomen.

The
back
under

position of the attacker

is

now

with his

to
his

the defender and with his hips well

opponent's abdomen.

The defender
which should
in,"

should be lying well across the attacker's back.
If the latter straighten his legs

have

been

slightly

bent

in

" turning

a lift wall

be secured.

The primary
prevent

defence to the buttock is to " turning in " by fending off with

the forearm or hand.

Frequently
lifting

a

counter

may be

obtained

by

from

behind

immediately the " turn

in "

has

been made.

I

STANDING CATCH-AS-CATCH-CAN WRESTLING

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STANDING CATCH-AS-CATCH-CAN WRESTLING
This counter may
itself

be stopped bv

c<

lock-

ing " a leg inside and behind that of the other
wrestler.

THE FLYING MARE

The
on
the

attacker takes a hold, with one hand,

immediately

opposite
'*

wrist

of

his

opponent, and " turns in
with an " about turn "
the armpit of the

his other shoulder

jump

until

it is

beneath

arm

that has

been gripped.
is

The upper

part of the

same arm

grasped

with the attacker's disengaged hand.
If the " turn in " has
rectly, the legs

been performed coras in

being slightly bent
will
lie

the

Buttock,

his

opponent

immediately

behind, with his arm, palm downward, over
his, the attacker's,

shoulder.

The

lift is

obtained by merely straightening

the legs.

The
may

defence

is

exactly the same as for the

Buttock or the Standing
be

Head Hold.
by
C(

A

lift

stopped

frequently

locking

"

the leg forward.
2

5

STANDING CATCH-AS-CATCH-CAN WRESTLING

c

S3

STANDING CATCH-AS-CATCH-CAN WRESTLING
CORNISH LOCK
This
lift

FORWARD
extremely
%i

will

be

found

useful

when
yet
in "

an attempt at a Buttock has failed and
attacker
is still

the

partially

turned

and under

his

opponent's abdomen, the

Buttock arm hold, or something similar, beingretained.

Assume

that the left side has been turned in.
left

The

attacker inserts the
his

leg

backward
opponent's

and between
toes firmly

opponent's

legs,

hooking the

around and behind
he

his

right ankle.

He
with
"

will find that

is

now
if

able to

lift

his

opponent's right leg backward from the floor
his

own

left leg,

and

the

mended,"

the leg can be raised

arm hold be high enough

to obtain a

complete

lift

of both feet from the

ground.

The defence and " Buttock."
It will

counters

are

as

for

the

be seen that
the

this lift involves

holding,
wrestlers
It

momentarily,

weight
a

of

both

on one leg only

considerable strain.

can, however, be done.

54

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STANDING CATCH-AS-CATCH-CAN WRESTLING

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55

STANDING CATCH-AS-CATCH-CAN WRESTLING

REAR WAIST HOLD

When
easiest

the rear position has been secured the
of lifting
is

manner
position

to use a waist

hold

as

from the

front.
is

The

mainly of interest because
lifted.

of the variety of defences against being " Locking " with either leg, squatting

down

and

getting

the

weight
at

as

low

as

possible,

bending forward

the waist, reaching backlegs

ward and grasping your opponent's leg or

may be employed
Counter
grasping
lifts

singly or in combination.
are
also

of

interest.

By

one of the arms that encircle the
Buttock

waist, a position analogous to that of the
is

obtained.

This by no means exhausts the
of the situation.

possibilities

<6

STANDING CATCH-AS-CATCH-CAN WRESTLING

Rkak Waist Hold
Here the defending wrestler
to prevent being lifted.
is

" trying to " squat

The position behind is the better as this wrestler has a good waist hold and may be able to lift by sheer strength.

S7

STANDING CATCH-AS-CATCH-CAN WRESTLING

REAR WAIST AND CRUTCH HOLD
Instead of taking a waist hold with both arms
as

in

the last

described
is

lift,

one

arm, pre-

ferably the stronger,

passed between the legs
a far

from behind.
lift

This ensures

more powerful
in

which should be upward and sideways

the direction of the

arm

that has been passed

between the

legs.

As

in the

Rear Waist Hold there

are a variety

of defence movements, perhaps the safest being to " squat " immediately on the arm that is
passed betw een the legs.
r

58

STANDING CATCH-AS-CATCH-CAN WRESTLING

Rear Waist and Crutch Hold
Theattacker'in this illustration has gone beyond the rear waist hold. He has linked up with his crutch hold and secured a position from which there is no
escape.

59

STANDING CATCH-AS-CATCH-CAN WRESTLING

REAR WAIST HOLD AND HALF-NELSON
This
is

perhaps

a

hold of convenience rather
at,

than one to be deliberately aimed

since the

ordinary waist hold

is

usually sufficient and the
is

waist-and-crutch hold

more powerful.
is

A
the

Rear Waist Hold
left

obtained
is

with say
the same

arm, and the right arm

at

time inserted forward through your opponent's

armpit and
in a

then

backward behind
results.

his

neck

Half-Nelson.
fairly easy
is

A
the

lift

Defence
counter,

confined

to

those practised
in

for

Rear Waist Hold, and
the

an endeavour to

half-nelson

should

be

broken

down

into an elbow-hold

by forcibly lowering

the arm.

60

DATE DUE
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OCT

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