You are on page 1of 3

Colonial Period 1600-1800 aka before revolutionary war period Religion: Colonies -Plymouth (Separatists/ Pilgrims) -Massachusetts (Non-separatists/

Puritans) -Maryland (Catholics) -Connecticut (disagreements with Puritans in MA; Thomas Hooker: Fundamental Orders ) - Rhode Island (freedom from Puritans in MA) -Pennsylvania (Quakers) Mayflower Compact: drafted by Pilgrims leaders to ensure an order on the colony Halfway Covenant: relaxed standards for church membership and marked the end of the New England Way Great Awakening- influenced by Enlightenment -Undermined clergys prestige, stressed egalitarianism -Salvation by faith -New Light vs. Old Light -Jonathan Edwards: City Upon a Hill -George Whitefield - Emotional religions: Evangelism -Founding of colleges: Princeton, Dartmouth, Columbia

Dissenters-Anne Hutchinson: challenged gender role. Exiled to Rhode Island. -Roger Williams: challenged religious orthodoxy. Wanted separation between Church and State Exiled to and founded Rhode Island.

Economy: Colonies: Virginia (Jamestown; joint-stock company Carolina (rice and indigo -> slavery) Tobacco: led to slavery Warfare: Colonies: -New York (seized from Dutch) -New Jersey (seized from Dutch) -Delaware (seized form Dutch) - Georgia (buffer colony and alternative and debtors prison; James Oglethorpe) Indian & White relationship: deteriorated by colony expansion/ migration -Powhatan Confederacy: Powhatans at first helped but then fought with Americans -King Phillips War: Concerned by the loss of land and the impact of Christianity, King Phillip led the Pokanokets to attack settlements in June 1675. In the end, the power of the coastal tribes was broken. -Pequot War: Pequots wiped out by M.A. Bay expedition (Thomas Hooker) -Seven Years War/ French Indian War =Albany Congress = Treaty of Paris, France lost all her N. American possessions. = For Britain, its conclusion meant that (1) they had a much larger and safer colonial empire, (2) they had a much larger debt, and (3) they felt even more contempt for the colonists. -Proclamation of 1763 = An attempt to end Indian problems by preventing westward movement by colonists

= It agitated colonial settlers, who regarded it was unwarranted British interference in colonial affairs - Pontiacs Rebellion (1763) Indian leader Pontiac united an unprecedented amount of tribes due to of concern about the spread of colonists and their culture.

Social: Slaves and Indentured Slaves: serving as slaves to pay for passages -Triangular Trade -Bacons Rebellion: = Led by Nate Bacon and former indentured servants =Turning point in relations w/the Indians =Landowners realized that there wasnt much land left to give to indentured servants, the custom stopped and they began looking for slave labor instead. - Slave Codes in South Carolina -Headright System: every new arrival paying their way could get 50 acres of land. -Stono Rebellion: badly frightened the white society