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HLTFA301C Apply First Aid

Multiple Choice Test

Date: ____ / ____ / ____

1) What are the aims of First Aid?
a) To preserve life
b) To protect the unconscious
c) To promote recovery
d) All of the above

2) What are the main benefits of reassurance for a conscious patient requiring first aid?
a) To make them feel better
b) To slow down their heart rate, slow down blood loss and reduce shock
c) To make you feel more confident and more comfortable
d) To give you time to think about the correct first aid treatment

3) What approach should you always use when undertaking first aid?
a) ABC

4) A patient is found to be unconscious (unresponsive), has a clear airway and is breathing
normally with no major blood loss. What should you do?
a) Place the patient into a Recovery Position and monitor their Airway and Breathing
b) Observe their Airway and Breathing
c) Lay the patient on their back and seek help

5) For infants or small children, you keep their head in a neutral/horizontal position to open their
a) True
b) False

6) To open an adult's or older child's airway, you must do which of the following?
a) Gently tilt head backwards
b) Support the jaw
c) Open mouth slightly
d) All of the above

7) You are performing resuscitation. After performing 30 compressions you attempt 2 rescue
breaths, but the chest does not rise. Which two things would you do next?
a) Check that the airway is clear
b) Blow harder
c) Check airway is open
d) Continue with more chest compressions

8) If an unconscious patient remains on their back, what is the most likely cause of an
a) Lung
b) Mouth
c) Tongue
d) Teeth

9) !f a patient vomits or gurgling" is heard after your rescue breaths, you must immediately do
a) Open their airway
b) Leave the patient on their back and clear their airway
c) Turn the patient onto their side and clear their airway
d) Place on gloves and clear their airway

10) !f the patient's stomach becomes inflated when you are performing rescue breathing, what
must you do?
a) Immediately turn the patient into the recovery position and recheck airway
b) Apply pressure to the stomach
c) Check for an obstructed airway
d) All of the above

11) Where should you place the heel of hand when applying compressions for an adult or child?
a) Middle of the chest at nipple line
b) Left hand side of the chest
c) Top of the sternum (breastbone)
d) Below the sternum (breastbone)

12) When performing CPR what is the correct ratio of Chest Compressions to Breaths?
a) 30:2
b) 10:2
c) 5:2
d) 15:3

13) If the patient begins to breathe normally, but is still unconscious which position should they be
placed in?
a) Lying on their back
b) Sitting up
c) Recovery position
d) Lying on their back with their legs raised

14) If the patient is unconscious and not breathing, what must you do first?
a) Give 2 rescue breaths
b) Give 30 chest compressions
c) Place patient in the Recovery Position
d) Attach an AED

15) A Defibrillator should only be attached to a patient who is?
a) Unconscious and breathing normally
b) Conscious and short of breath
c) Unconscious and not breathing normally
d) Complaining of chest pain

16) What do you do if a child has fallen from his bike, hits his head on the ground and is lying
unconscious on the ground? He is breathing normally.
a) Leave the child on his back and call for help
b) Place the child into the recovery position and send for help
c) Try to get a response
d) Pick them up and carry them home

17) A middle-aged man suddenly becomes distressed. He appears to be choking and points to his
throat. He cannot speak and is becoming bluish in colour. What should you do?
a) Reassure him and offer him a glass of water
b) Stand behind him, wrap your arms around his upper abdomen and with one hand wrapped
around the other, pull back strongly and sharply (abdominal thrust)
c) Begin CPR
d) Ask him to bend forward and give him five back blows between his shoulder blades

18) What are the signs and symptoms of a heart attack?
a) Pain
b) Fatigue
c) Nausea/Vomiting
d) All of the above

19) A patient with a history of angina is suffering chest pain. They have taken their medication, but
after 10 minutes of rest the pain persists. What should you do first?
a) Give them more medication
b) Rest and monitor the patient
c) Call an ambulance
d) All of the above

20) You are eating in a crowded cafe, when a young female suddenly cries out and collapses to the
floor with her arms and legs thrashing about. She is salivating and her face is turning blue.
Should you?
a) Restrict her movements by holding her down
b) Splash some water over her face
c) Roll her into the recovery position
d) Protect her from injury and then when fitting stops place her into the recovery position

21) A three-year-old girl has a runny nose, cough and a high fever. She suddenly loses
consciousness, goes stiff and begins to shake and jerk violently. What do you after the
convulsion ceases?
a) Placing her in the recovery position
b) Place her in a cool bath to bring her temperature down
c) Give her the correct dose of children's paracetamol
d) Try to get a response from her by calling her name

22) A patient is conscious after suffering a stroke. How would you position them?
a) Sitting upright
b) On their back
c) Recovery position
d) Lying down with head and shoulders slightly raised

23) A patient experiencing an acute diabetic episode could be suffering from either of which two
a) High Blood Sugar (Hyperglycemia)
b) Insulin Deficiency
c) High Blood Pressure
d) Low Blood Sugar (Hypoglycemia)

24) Someone you know, who has diabetes and uses insulin, starts to become confused, slur their
words and stagger as they walk. What is your initial first aid management?
a) Give a sugar drink or a lolly
b) Follow DRSABCD
c) Place patient in the Recovery Position
d) Give them an injection of their insulin

25) What is shock?
a) An emotional state
b) An electrical shock
c) A lack of circulating blood volume

26) What are the signs and symptoms of shock?
a) Cold, pale sweaty skin
b) Rapid breathing
c) Anxiety, restlessness and confusion
d) Drowsiness and possible unconsciousness
e) All of the above

27) What is the best position for a conscious patient suffering from shock?
a) Sitting upright
b) In the recovery position
c) Standing up
d) Lying flat with their legs elevated if possible

28) What is the best method for dealing with an amputated body part?
a) Place the amputated part directly in ice
b) Place the amputated part directly in chilled water
c) Seal the amputated part in a plastic bag and place in chilled water
d) Place the amputated part in a refrigerator

29) A worker has severed his finger whilst using a slicer. What is your immediate priority?
a) Treat for shock
b) Apply direct pressure to stop bleeding
c) Ensure that the amputated part is taken to hospital

30) If a penetrating object, such as a knife or a piece of wire, is in a wound you should pull out the
object gently to manage the wound.
a) True
b) False

31) When using ice for the first aid treatment of a strain or sprain, how long should an ice compress
be left in place?
a) 5 Minutes
b) 10 Minutes
c) 15 Minutes
d) 20 Minutes

32) If you are unsure about an injury to a limb or joint, you should treat it as a?
a) Sprain or Strain
b) Bruise
c) Fracture
d) Dislocation

33) When using ice for the first aid treatment of a strain or sprain, how long should an ice compress
be left in place?
a) 5 Minutes
b) 10 Minutes
c) 15 Minutes
d) 20 Minutes

34) !ce can be used directly in contact with an injured patient's skin
a) True
b) False

35) What does R.I.C.E.R stand for in the treatment of sprains or strains?
a) It is a food product
b) Rest, Immobilise, Compression, Elevation, Rehabilitate
c) Rest, Immobilise, Compression, Extend, Refer
d) Rest, Ice, Compression, Elevation, Refer/Record

36) You have been chiseling rust off some steel and feel something go into your eye. You can see a
tiny spot on the clear part of the eye. What should you do?
a) Rub the eye vigorously with a clean handkerchief
b) Use a moistened cotton bud to remove any foreign particles
c) Flush the eye gently with water or saline
d) Get professional help to remove the particle

37) When flushing an eye after a chemical burn to the eye, you should flush for:
a) 5 Minutes
b) 10 Minutes
c) 30 Minutes
d) Until the eye feels comfortable again

38) The key to managing any fracture is to:
a) Immobilise the limb and comfort the patient
b) Always move the limb into the recommended position
c) Always apply a splint
d) Not touch it until an ambulance arrives

39) What should you check after treating a fracture?
a) The sling is tied using a reef knot
b) The sling is done exactly as shown in the book
c) Circulation is still present near the fracture

40) Your friend accidentally places her hand on a hot stove top and burns herself. What should you
do to help?
a) Rub butter onto the burned area
b) Have her place her hand under cold running water for up to 20 minutes
c) Immerse her hand in a bucket of iced water
d) Cover the hand with antiseptic cream and a cloth bandage

41) The severity of a burn depends on:
a) The location of the burn
b) The extend of the burn
c) The patient's age and medical condition
d) The duration of exposure of the sources
e) All of the above

42) What is the most important indicator of a possible spinal injury?
a) Inability to move
b) Numbness and/or tingling of an area
c) History of the event/incident
d) Partial paralysis

43) What are signs and symptoms indicating a need for urgent medical advice for someone with a
head injury?
a) Nausea and or vomiting
b) Drowsiness or irritability
c) Blurred vision
d) Bleeding or swelling around the eyes
e) All of the above

44) You come across a car accident and the driver is in her car, crying in pain and holding her neck?
She complains of tingling in her fingers and toes. What should you do?
a) Reassure her and ask her to get out of the car so you can help her
b) Follow DRSABCD, reassure her, do not move her and support her head with towels
c) Get her to breathe in and out of a paper bag
d) Help her out of the car and into a comfortable position on the ground

45) What is the first aid management for a Red Back Spider bite?
a) Treat as for snake bite
b) Apply cold compress and seek medical aid
c) Apply a hot compress and seek medical aid
d) Apply vinegar and seek medical aid

46) A friend who is allergic to bees has been stung by a bee on her leg, her face is rapidly swelling
and she is beginning to have difficulty breathing. She is not carrying her adrenaline auto
injector. You should immediately:
a) Remove sting and apply roller bandage over area
b) Remove sting and apply a cold compression over and around the affected area
c) Remove sting and follow DRSABCD

47) What is the first aid management for a conscious patient who has swallowed a corrosive liquid?
a) Give sips of water, do not induce vomiting, call Poisons Information Centre and ambulance
if advised
b) Make patient vomit and call ambulance
c) Give the patient milk to drink

48) When treating a patient with exposure to cold, how would you treat the patient?
a) If conscious, replace any wet clothing, keep them warm, give warm drinks
b) If conscious, give patient a drink of brandy to warm them up
c) If conscious, give patient a drink of brandy to warm them up
d) Place them in a hot bath

49) Heat Stroke is a serious medical emergency. Which is not a sign or symptom of heat stroke?
a) High body temperature
b) Full, bounding heart
c) Red, hot dry skin
d) Rapid and progressive deterioration of conscious state
e) Profuse sweating

50) When calling for emergency help, what numbers do you dial?
a) 911
b) 000
c) 112
d) 1300

51) Which of the following questions should you be prepared to answer when calling for emergency
a) What is the exact location of the emergency?
b) What is the phone number you are calling from?
c) What is the nature of your emergency?
d) Is the patient conscious, is the patient breathing?
e) All of the above