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Object Pronouns English Grammar Rules The seven basic pronouns have one form when they are

used as subjects and another form when they are used as objects. Subjects are what the sentence is about. Objects are what is affected by the action of the subject. I like whisky. (I is the subject). I read books. (Books is the object as it is receiving the action). PRONOUNS Subject Pronoun I You He She It We You (plural) They

Object Pronoun Me You Him Her It Us You Them

Object pronouns are used instead of nouns, usually because we already know what the object is. It makes the sentence easier to read and understand and avoids repetition. We normally use object pronouns after a verb or a preposition. Examples I like horses. Subject Pronoun Horses don't like me. Object Pronoun We talk to our neighbour. Subject Pronoun She talks to us. Object Pronoun They listen to the teacher. Subject Pronoun Listen to me carefully. Object Pronoun You speak very quickly. Subject Pronoun We watch them on TV. Object Pronoun

The Object Pronoun - it Be careful when using 'it' as an object pronoun because it is only in the correct context that it has meaning. It needs to have already been mentioned or obvious to the listener what you are referring to. Compare; You are sitting on it! (The listener probably doesn't know what the speaker refers to). The letter is on the sofa. You are sitting on it! (It is obvious in the second sentence that the reference is to the letter)


Would you mind if I brought a colleague with me? Would you pass the salt please? Would you mind waiting a moment? "Would three o`clock suit you?" - "Thatd be fine." Would you like to play golf this Friday? "Would you prefer tea or coffee?" - "Id like tea please."

Asking for permission Request Request Making arrangements Invitation Preferences


Would like vs. (Do) like

What kind of food do you like? I like ice cream, bananas, soda pop. I like Chinese food. What kind of food would you like? (If you could choose) I would like Italian food. What kind of friend(s) do you like? I like someone who is easygoing. I like a person who has talent. I like people who are kind. What kind of person would you like to marry? I would like someone who has a lot of money. I like a man/woman/person who is friendly.

(Facts, personal preferences)

Modal verbs
The modal verbs include can, must, may, might, will, would, should. They are used with other verbs to express ability, obligation, possibility, and so on. Below is a list showing the most useful modals and their most common meanings:

Modal Meaning can can may may to express ability

Example I can speak a little Russian.

to request permission Can I open the window? to express possibility I may be home late.

to request permission May I sit down, please? I must go now.

must to express obligation

must to express strong belief She must be over 90 years old. should to give advice would to request or offer would in if-sentences You should stop smoking. Would you like a cup of tea? If I were you, I would say sorry.

Modal verbs are unlike other verbs. They do not change their form (spelling) and they have no infinitive or participle (past/present). The modals must and can need substitute verbs to express obligation or ability in the different tenses. Here are some examples:
Past simple Present perfect Future Infinitive Past simple Present perfect Future Infinitive Sorry I'm late. I had to finish my math test. She's had to return to Korea at short notice. You'll have to work hard if you want to pass the exams. I don't want to have to go. I couldn't/wasn't able to walk until I was 3 years old. I haven't been able to solve this problem. Can you help? I'm not sure if I will be able to come to your party. I would love to be able to play the piano.

Modals are auxiliary verbs. They do not need an additional auxiliary in negatives or questions. For example: Must I come? (Do I must come?), or: He shouldn't smoke (He doesn't should smoke). Important: The explanations and examples on this page are just an introduction to this extensive and complex area of English grammar. Students of English who want to learn more should consult a good reference work, such as Swan's Practical English Usage.