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Department of Electrical _
. Indian Iristitute of Technology, Kharagprir
Electrical Technology{EE11001) Date: 21st FN
First Year sec-1 to 7 - 641 students
Time: 3 hours. Autumn En.d Semester Exam. 2011-2012 Full Marks: 100
Instructions: Answer any_ FIVE .. Intermediate calculation steps must be shown.
Tick the question numbers you have attempted, on the cover page of the answer script.
Ql (a) Define regulation of a transformer and derive an approximate expression for it in terms of equivalent
circuit parameters when the transformer delivers current at lag,cring power factor (cos(}) load. [6}
(b) A 350 k VA, 240 V /4800 V, 50 Hz single phase transformer gave the following test results.
O.C Test (LV side): 240 V 45 A 1450 Vv
S.C test (HV side): 200 V 73 A 4200 Vv
(i) Draw the approximate equivalent circuit referred to LV side and insert all the parameter values.
(ii) Predict the efficiency and regulation of the transformer at full load, 0.8 lagging power factor.
(iii) Calculate the voltage to be applied to the HV side so that the transformer supplies rated current
at 0.8 p.f lagging at 240 V. . [8 + 3 + 3]
Q2 (a) Two inductive one of 20 A at 30 lag and the other of 40 A at 60 lag are connected in parallel
and supplied from 200 V, 50 1-phase source. What value of capacitance should be connected in
parallel with the loads so that" the current drawn from the source will be at unity power factor? [5]
(b) For the magnetic circuit shown in Figure 1, (i) estimate the excitation current necessary in a 200 turn
coil to establish a flux of 6 m\Vb in the central limb. (ii) Now, an air gap of length 1 mm is created
with the help of a saw in leg-3 of the core. What additional mmf is necessary to produce the same
value of flux [as obtained in part (i)"] in leg-3? (ill) Draw the equivalent of the magnetic circuit and
find the inductance of the coil in both the cases (i) and (ii). Assume the thickness of the core to be 10
em throughout.
Neglect leakage and fringing effect. B-H relationship of the core material is given to be B = 2(1 - e--0007H)
where B is in T and His in AT/m. [6 + 6 + 3]

1 .
SO em
'"- = l.eJ-3
1 L-. _. __ ____J.
1- ...
'llrlci:Dess of lhe cae = 10 em llaroaj;bout
Figure 1: Pertaining to Q2(b)
Q3 (a) Wnat are the problems of starting a 3-phase cage induction motor vvith full voltage (DOL starting)?
With diagram explain star-delta starting of the motor and compare the currents drawn from mains and
the starting torques developed between star-delta starting and DOL starting. [8]
(b) A 6-pole, 250 V, 50 Hz, 3-phase slip-ring induction motor has per phase stand still rotor impedance of
Z2 = 0.03 + j0.2 n. The ratio of stator to rotor turns is 9 : 5. Neglecting stator impedance. c?Jculate
the (i) speed at which the motor develops the maximum torque, (ii) maximum torque deYelo})ed and
(iii) the per phase additional resistance to be inserted in the rotor circuit to have sr.aning t.orqcie to be
80% of the ma:dmw'TI. torque. ;3 - 4 -7- 5]
? tur-n over
Q4 (a) With the help of a neat circuit diagram explain how total real power in an unbalanced 3-phase load can
be by using two wattmeters. For the balanced load, derive m..-pressions for each wattmeter
reading, assuming supply phase sequence is R-Y-B. [8]
(b) The total power input to a 2 kV(line to line), 50 Hz, 3-phase induction motor running on full load
at an efficiency of 90% is measured by two wattmeters which read 300 kW and 100 kW
Calculate (i) input power, (ii) the power factor, (iii) line current, (iv) total loss ohhe motor. (v) draw
the phasor diagram showing line voltages and line currents. [1 + 2 + 3 + 4 + 2]
Q5 Answer Any Four of the following questions with proper justification: [4 x 5 = 20)
(a) Draw the typical torque-speed characteristics of a standard squirrel cage induction motor when the
motor is supplied with:
(i) rated voltage and at rated freqUency. _
(ii) half the rated voltage and at rated frequency.
(iii) half the rated voltage and at half the rated frequency.
Sketch the associated torque-speed characteristics in their approximate relative positions and magni-
tudes with respect to the normal one. Neglect stator leakage impedances.
(b) During the short circuit test, the operating flux condition in a transformer is saturated. Is it true or
(c) A 3-phase squirrel cage induction motor is running_ at full load. Under this condition will the iron loss
in the stator core be approximately same as that iu the rotor iron core? Justify.
(d) Vvruch of the followip.g air gap flux density equations represent rotating field, and pulsating field? Here,
() represents space 1n the air gap of the machine and t represents time.
(i) b = Bm.a:sin()
(ii) b = Bma:r: cos(()+ wt)
(iii) b = Bm.a: cos wt
(iv) b = Bma:r: Sin() sinwt
(e) While starting a slip-ring, 3-phase_ induction motor, one applies (by mistake) 3-phase voltage to the rotor
winding, keeping the stator terminals shorted. Will the motor start running? Explain the phenomenon
'logically in favor of your answer.
Q6 (a) A 250 V, d.c shunt motor a line current of 60 A and runs at 800 rpm. It's armature and field
resistances are 0.2 n and 125 0 respectively. Contact drop per brush may be assum4 to be 1 V.
Determine (i) the no load speed if the no load line current is 6 A. (ii) the percentage reduction in fiux
per pole tj>, in order that the speed will be 1000 rpm for an armature current of 40 A. [10)
(b) A1l ideal auto transformer is shown in Figure 2 with number of turns betwe!l AB is 200, turns between
CB is 125 and turns between CD is_ 25. Two load impedances are connected between BC and BD as
detailed in the Figure. Calculate (i) the load currents, {ii) currents in different parts of autotransformer
coil and (iii) the input current and input power factor. [10]
10.Q jlO .Q
6.Q -j8.Q-
Figure 2: Pertaining to Q6(b)