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Cyanide Management by SART

by Janene Barter, Greg Lane - GRD Minproc Limited Robert Dunne, Dean Mitchell, Roger Kelson - Newcrest Mining Limited Chuong Trang - Lakefield Research Limited David Dreisinger - University of British Columbia

NEWCREST MINING LIMITED

GRD Minproc Limited Newcrest Mining Limited

This Presentation

Telfer

SART Selection

Process

Testwork and Design

GRD Minproc Limited Newcrest Mining Limited


Telfer SART Selection Process Testwork and Design

Telfer Location
Darwin

Telfer

GRD Minproc Limited Newcrest Mining Limited


Telfer SART Selection Process Testwork and Design

Telfer Ore Processing


Copper ore body Copper gold ore body 1977 Merrill Crowe Circuit 1986 Conventional CIL

GRD Minproc Limited Newcrest Mining Limited


Telfer SART Selection Process Testwork and Design

Telfer Ore Processing


Sulfide ore Flotation Pyrite concentrate Copper sulfide concentrate Flotation tails To Market

Oxide ores

CIL

CIL tailings

Low grade oxide ores

Heap Leach

Elution

GRD Minproc Limited Newcrest Mining Limited


Telfer SART Selection Process Testwork and Design

Telfer Ore Processing


Telfer Treatment Schedule CIL Feed Rate and Cyanide Soluble Copper Grades Year 98/99 99/00 00/01 CIL Feed t/h 235 239 202 CIL Feed CNSolCu Grade g/t 128 146 1418

GRD Minproc Limited Newcrest Mining Limited


Telfer Telfer SART Selection Process Testwork and Design

Cyanide Management Processes


Bench scale process
membrane technologies, solvent extraction, too risky, operating and capital costs too high.

Ion flotation
trialed twice

Cyanide destruction
high operating cost, no cyanide or copper recovered

Cyanide recovery
ammonia cyanide recovery, AVR, high operating costs, no copper recovered

GRD Minproc Limited Newcrest Mining Limited


Telfer Telfer SART Selection Process Testwork and Design

Cyanide Management Processes


Cyanide and copper recovery
CRP and Acid and copper precipitation unmarketable copper products SART Merrill Crowe CCD, flotation plant, heap leach copper and cyanide recovered Cu2S easily marketed

GRD Minproc Limited Newcrest Mining Limited


Telfer Telfer SART Selection Process Testwork and Design

SART Process at Telfer


Wash Water CIL Tails

CCD
O/F Cyanide in solution

Underflow (50 ppm WAD CN) Oxide mill

SART

Heap leach Copper sulfide to existing flotation thickener

GRD Minproc Limited Newcrest Mining Limited


Telfer Telfer SART Selection Process Testwork and Design

SART Process
SART Reactor SART Thickener Underflow (Copper sulfide)

Overflow (cyanide)

Neutralisation (cyanide)

2Na3Cu(CN)4 + 3.5 H2SO4 +NaSH 2HCN + Ca(OH)2

Cu2S (s) + 3.5 Na2SO4 + 8 HCN

Ca(CN)2 + 2 H2O

GRD Minproc Limited Newcrest Mining Limited


Telfer Telfer SART Selection Process Testwork and Design

Bench Scale Testwork


Reagent consumptions Copper and cyanide recoveries Expected performance
5.4 t/d copper 2.5 t/d cyanide Operating cost down by 35%

Pilot plant testwork

GRD Minproc Limited Newcrest Mining Limited


Telfer Telfer Telfer Telfer SART Process Process Testwork and Design

Pilot Plant
pH versus Copper and Cyanide Recovery
Acid Consumption (kg/Copper)
3.92 99 3.91 3.82 3.4 96 94 92 90 95 94 93 92 4 4.4 4.7 5.1 Copper recovery Cyanide recovery 88 86 84

98 97 96

pH

Cyanide Recovery (%)

Copper recovery (%)

GRD Minproc Limited Newcrest Mining Limited


Telfer Telfer Telfer Telfer SART Process Process Testwork and Design

Pilot Plant
Copper and Cyanide Recovery Versus NaSH Addition
95 95

94

94

Copper recovery (%)

93

93

92

92

91

91

90 93 99 112

90 Copper recovery Cyanide recovery

Stoich. NaSH %

Cyanide recovery (%)

GRD Minproc Limited Newcrest Mining Limited


Telfer Telfer Telfer Telfer SART Process Process Testwork and Design

Pilot Plant
Copper Recovery Versus Residence time
98

Recovery (%)

97

96

95

94 5 10 15 20 25 30

Residence time (minutes)

GRD Minproc Limited Newcrest Mining Limited


Telfer Telfer Telfer Telfer SART Process Process Testwork and Design

Pilot Plant
SART reactor agitation
Different agitators trialed, no effect

Copper sulfide thickening


High underflow density: minimise cyanide losses limits copper dissolution sulfide suppression

Neutralisation
Lime consumption 3.6 kg/t Stand-by neutralisation tank, gypsum thickener

GRD Minproc Limited Newcrest Mining Limited


Telfer Telfer Telfer Telfer SART Process Process Testwork and Design

Other Considerations
Location and control
Reduce operator interaction NaSH dosage: hydrogen sulfide gas and thiocyanate copper is recirculated, consumes reagents copper analyser

Water balance
Excess water to heap leach Operations without heap leach

GRD Minproc Limited Newcrest Mining Limited

Summary
Simple and robust Cyanide and copper recovered Existing CCD thickeners and flotation plant Excess water used in heap leach Adaptable to other operations

GRD Minproc Limited Newcrest Mining Limited

Plant Operation
Design Sulfuric acid Lime NaSH usage Operating pH Copper feed grade WAD cyanide feed grade Copper recovery WAD CN to free cyanide t/t Copper t/t Copper t/t Copper 3.6 3.6 0.44 4-5 537 855 95 93 Actual 2.80 2.03 0.77 5.1 606 794 87-99 72-93

ppm ppm % %