Evolution and Critical Thomism Revisited A Tract Book Essay By Anthony J. Fejfar

© Copyright 2006 by Anthony J. Fejfar

Charles Darwin has argued that evolution is based upon random mutation and natural selection. I argue that evolution is based upon a three fold metaphysical process involving God. I argue that God the Father is the End or Pull of Evolution, while God the Holy Spirit is the Push of Evolution from the bottom up, and that God the Son is the mediating principle of Evolution. Metaphysically, Being, is the End of Evolution at the top, involving the Immutable Platonic Forms, while Substance is the Push of Evolution in terms of creative advance. Finally, Substantial Form or Creative Form is the mediating principle of Evolution. At this intermediary level substantial forms affect material form and material causes which are contingent. It is at this level as well, that accidental forms and accidental causes take place as random mutations. Thus, evolution involves planning, creative impetus, and chance.





God the Father


Immutable Platonic Forms

God the Son


Substantial Form and forms



Material Form

Material Cause

Accidental Form Accidental Cause God the Holy Spirit Substance Creative Impetus in Substance