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MNS, June 2009


This report has been prepared without formal editing, as a service to exporters and industries in developing countries by the Market News Service (MNS), Division of Market Development, International Trade Centre; The Joint Agency of the World Trade Organization and The United Nations. No part of this report may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system or transmitted in any form or by any means, without prior permission in writing from the International Trade Centre. The mention of specific companies or of certain commercial products and brand names does not imply that they are endorsed or recommended by ITC in preference to others of a similar nature that are not mentioned. The designations employed and the presentation of material on the map do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of the International Trade Centre concerning the legal status of any Country, territory, city or area or of its authorities, or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.


Market News Service Cut Flowers and Ornamental Plants

and wholesale market indicative prices from Singapore. Market information is collected throughout the year and is available for transmission to subscribers on a monthly basis. Chumi Yanai Issue or chumi_y@017. available through the P-Map portal www. Unless otherwise mentioned. MNS information providers for floriculture products include major importers. producers. please contact on a weekly basis. Jan Plasmeijer and The Market News Service is made available free of charge to all Trade Support Institutions and enterprises in Sub-Saharan African countries under a joint programme of the International Trade Centre and CBI.intracen. auctions and organizations in 11 European countries and 2 Asian countries. M06. We welcome new sources of information. The MNS objective is to provide indications on market trends to support exporters. of 03 July 2009 The Market News Service (MNS) Cut Flowers and Ornamental Plants Monthly Report presents informative notes and statistical analysis on Cut Flowers and Plants traded in major European and international markets. Asian prices are quoted in local currencies and in US$. MNS aims to serve as a market intelligence tool to improve market transparency and facilitate trade. when To subscribe to the report or to access MNS reports directly online. remarks and indications on the report content. the Dutch Centre for the Promotion of Imports from Developing Countries (www. the report offers information and analysis for a selected number of countries within the world floriculture market and reviews of published articles about the industry. it presents major international floriculture events. news that subscribers and readers might have on their specific products or or visit our website at: http://www. Finally it provides. Third. exhibitions and conferences. prices are quoted per stem and are related to size in cm. The MNS Floriculture Statistical Information section. the report is divided into a “market trend” section with qualitative information and market trends for both Cut Flowers and Plants traded in major international European markets.Market News Service: Floriculture Products Report prepared by Mr. wholesalers. For these purposes or for other information about the report and the Market News Service. Second. selected price and quantity trend information for major auction houses and wholesalers in major European and Asian floriculture markets. The authors can be contacted at jan@plasmeijer. Copyright © MNS/ITC 2000. provides quotations that refer to major flower auctions` quantities and average weekly prices from the Netherlands and Japan. sector associations and other private or public organizations in their export marketing decisions. please contact mns@intracen. All rights reserved 3 Market News Service Cut Flowers and Ornamental Plants . inquiries or information requests on the products and markets covered by the report as well as suggestions. European prices are quoted in Euro.

.. 5 PLANTS MARKET IN EUROPE ............................................................................................................................................................................................14 NAIROBI TO HAVE SPECIAL FLOWER MARKET ......................................... 9 SELECTED FLORICULTURE WORLD INFO ................................................................18 EXHIBITIONS AND CONFERENCES ....................................15 AFRICA: CONTINENT SHOULD SUBSIDIZE OWN FARMERS .................................................................................... 12 UK: CUSTOMERS SHOW PREFERENCE FOR BRITISH FLOWERS ..........................................12 DUTCH SUPERMARKET CHAIN GUARANTEES ROSES TO LAST 7 DAYS .............................................................................13 USA: MANHATTAN FLOWER DISTRICT WILTING .............................................................................................................................................................18 STATISTICAL INFORMATION ......................................................................................12 NEW FOOD MILES POLICY THREATENS HORTICULTURE SECTOR ..........19 4 Market News Service Cut Flowers and Ornamental Plants ....16 KENYAN GREENS URGE BOYCOTT NAIVASHA FLOWERS ..................................14 IMPORTS SHAKE VIETNAM’S FLOWER MARKET ..............................................................................................................17 EVENTS CALENDAR ......................................13 COLOMBIA: ONE BILLION FLOWERS CERTIFIED BY VERIFLORA® .............................................................................. 18 FLOWERS DAY CALENDAR ..........................................INDEX MARKET TRENDS....................... 19 PERIOD PRICE INFORMATION – FIRST HALF YEAR 2009 ........15 CREDIT CRUNCH WILTS TANZANIA’S HORTICULTURAL INDUSTRY............ 5 CUT FLOWERS MARKET IN EUROPE ......................................

freesia and eustoma. tulips and zantedescia (calla lilies). both supplied in much smaller quantities. prices and results were all positive as well. As was reported several times. carnations. Still disappointing prices were for anthurium. The monthly cut-flowers turnover has decreased by 15. chrysanthemums. where the so-called students‟ days were celebrated. prices during week numbers 1 to 23 this year were lower than the same weeks of last year. After the reasonable results obtained during the month of May. In fact. as well. the French Mother‟s Day week. with lots of sunshine and temperatures up to 27ºC. but not to the lowest levels.Market Trends Cut Flowers Market in Europe The Netherlands Flower Auctions‟ Notes The June 2009 auction figures were published as follows. The cut-flowers market throughout the first week of June.very sunny with temperatures of around 25ºC. again. However. a minor week. tulips and single headed chrysanthemums. 5 Market News Service Cut Flowers and Ornamental Plants . alstoemeria. limonium and hypericum. except for roses and helianthus. peonies. throughout the week the general price level slowed down considerably. It was difficult to compare the week with the same week of last year. all turned out to be different. Russia (-33%). hypericum and eryngium. because the weather was very summery. Prices were much lower for roses. Therefore supplied quantities were not particularly small. Importers‟ and Traders‟ Notes The May 2009 cut-flowers export figures were published by HBAG (Exporter‟s Union) as follows.4% as compared to the same month of last year. The May export turnover has decreased by 11%. It was feared that prices and results would not be so positive. anthurium. when the French Mother‟s Day took place one week earlier (which is normal in France . after so many negative months with such low results. Denmark (-16%) and other countries (-14%). It was reported that quite some extra demand and sales were generated from the two Scandinavian countries Sweden and Finland. As said.5% lower supply. turned out to be rather good and satisfactory. Best prices were paid for roses. the cut-flowers market during the first two weeks of June was relatively better. realised with a 4. cymbidium orchids. the French Mother‟s Day week. demand was very positive. However. only during week numbers 24 and 25 were they slightly higher. even thought the weather was very summer-like . higher prices were only for cymbidium orchids. However. freesia and solidago. with the exception of roses and carnations. Lowest prices were quoted for the products: gerberas. while sales. At the beginning of the second week prices remained rather steady. Remarkable was the fact that prices at the beginning of the post Mother‟s Day week remained rather steady. and were hardly at all lower than during the previous week. they were bigger than during a normal week. throughout the week they slowed down every other day. when compared to the same month of last year. Proteas and leucospermum cordifolium. Italy (-14%). Much better than expected. helianthus. Remarkable was the relatively low percentages of exports to Germany (-2%) and Austria (-1%). chrysanthemum. prices slowed down further every other day. still fetched very reasonable prices. Absolute best sellers were tea roses. resulting in a total average price of 20 cents per stem (3 cents lower than last year during the same month). lilies. except for the lower qualities. Biggest decreased percentages were noticed to France (-32%). It was remarkable that demand and sales for the Ecuadorian tea roses remained good. Week number 26 was. Throughout the third week of the month. helianthus.the last Sunday of May). hortensia flowers. according to traders. Prices for these products were better than those of most other products. marking students‟ graduation. as said. At the end of the first half of June it could be concluded that prices in general were relatively better than during all the previous weeks so far this year. and even more so during the last week of the month. peonies. Prices were higher and therefore turnovers and interests as well. It was really a kind of relief. gerbera. since normally the situation in June is different. especially during the first week of the month.

especially not for the flowers originating from the Netherlands.Unfortunately. During those four days they did not buy flowers at all. However. one week later than normally. one during the first week (Whit-Monday) and one during the second week (Fronleichnam=sorrow day). the market‟s demand. In the meantime the so-called Freeland (Freiland) production of mainly summer flowers and roses had started. still fetched very reasonable prices. carnations. Only a few mixed bouquets were demanded and could be sold. Throughout the third week and even more throughout the fourth week of the month. arrived at the market. Market News Service Cut Flowers and Ornamental Plants . France The first week of June was the Mother‟s Day week. as well. Roses‟ prices have decreased very strongly. sales. th on Thursday the 11 .to come. And so. Very different was the market situation for the so-called leucadendron types. when compared to the first half of the month. Per product not much difference in demand. Traders and florists could still make some small margins. In previous years consumers used to buy some flowers. Throughout the last two weeks of the month the cut-flowers market became much quieter and slower. the most important demanded products are roses. they further slowed down. and most probably will remain positive during the weeks to come. orchids and lilies. but that was only because of Whitsuntide taking place on the last weekend of May. but moderately. Normally Mother‟s Day takes place on the last Sunday of May. The market for the exotic flowers and for the cut-foliage was continuously good. Only spray carnations were relatively well demanded. It is more of a negative day for cutflowers sales. which was not very special. in total . both supply. As of the beginning of the month also the weddings and communions season had started. however. nearly everything was sold out. but nowadays hardly anybody does that anymore. which could be purchased for much lower prices. On the contrary. purchase prices of most of the products were slightly lower than normally. The general quality level of these local flowers was very good. Import quantities have decreased to an absolute lowest level. Throughout the second half of the month the cut-flowers and cut foliage markets did not improve at all. but that was taken into account. both the domestic ones and the growers from overseas production countries.turnovers were slightly lower. prices and results slowed down quite considerably. almost to a summer level. to make a long weekend of it. helianthus and gypsophila were sold slightly better than for instance gerberas. importers. Germany The cut flowers market throughout the first two weeks of June still profited of the good market situation and results obtained during the month of May. especially of leucospermum cordifolium. mainly because the summer holiday has started. On the supply side 6 of the market quantities were not really overdone. All in all. The cut foliage market situation was more or less normalised. which had a very positive impact on the market during the post Mother‟s Day week. with safari sunset as the biggest variety. roses. became overshadowed by the domestically produced ones. An additional negative impact was caused by the special day of Fronleichnam (Sorrow day). cut-flowers quantities were slightly adjusted. given the time of the year. planned and calculated in advance. was reported. Due to the fact that the French Mother‟s Day this year was one week later. at the same date as the Swedish Mother‟s Day. The ones suffering the most from the negative market situation and prices were the producers. which arrived at the market in bigger quantities. Austria The cut-flowers and cut-foliage market throughout the first half of June was really calm and quiet. Quantities were too big for realising reasonable prices. because many people take Friday off. which fitted well with the lower demand at that time. partly due to the availability of the so-called Freeland (Freiland) flowers and roses. Import carnations.and price-wise. such as astantia and molucella. sales and prices could be noticed. It can be expected that all will not improve at all during the weeks. wholesalers and florists were satisfied with the results of the first half of June. quite some lower qualities. Ecuadorian roses. due to the given weather circumstances. For these events. maybe even two months . roses and nearly all the Italian cut-foliage types and varieties were used in very small quantities. And they were not extremely high. The import summer flowers‟ types and quality. tulips or freesias. Finally. to bring to the churches. Only because of two holidays (days off).

This situation is expected to continue throughout the coming two summer months. Ecuadorian roses. and plenty of quantities of nearly all flowers were continuously available. Under such conditions people come out of their houses only when necessary. sales and prices were slightly slowing down. as well. as it was throughout this year so far. but still not very special. all types of the typical import products. The school holidays had started. but for nearly all other products demand was absolutely lowest. Throughout the second half of the month the market did not improve at all. The summer holiday period is approaching now. the interest of wholesalers. solidago and cut-foliage were used. importers and wholesalers tried to keep and maintain the level of trading as good as possible. Some extra demand was generated from the use of flowers for weddings and communions. originating from both Colombia and Ecuador. In accordance. during the last week of the month the market really slowed down quite considerably. At the same time the first wave of the summer holidays has started. Some demand was generated from the fact that school-year was over. Spain It has not been easy to trade with cut-flowers and cut-foliage during the first two weeks of June. purchase prices were low everywhere. by acting very actively and by having even more contact with the potential buyers than normally. However. On the contrary. were really plentiful. During the last two weeks of the month the market slowed down to a summer level. It was just a matter of low demand. such as hypericum. This was normal. but the situation was still very reasonable. most probably. the biggest product imported from over there. but much less for personal home use.Throughout the third week of the month demand. but in terms of absolute quantities this was not a very big deal. roses. The weather was very bad. especially the chrysanthemums. Roses. Italy During the first two weeks of June the cut-flowers market was very slow and quiet. which will mean even more moderate cut-flowers demand and sales during the weeks. The slow market situation is most probably a sign of the approaching summer holidays. Market News Service Cut Flowers and Ornamental Plants 7 . Some quantities were continuously used for normal occasions. As of the very end of the month the weather became very nice and warm. even though prices were not high at all. to come. The present demand of end-consumers was still very moderate. remain much slower during the weeks. Still. Some extra flowers were used for the graduation celebrations. maybe even months. During the second week the market was slightly better. Things remained slow and quiet. to come. Only Colombian carnations were not oversupplied. The market will. dendrobium orchids. Norway After an excellent month of May. June started much slower. with lots of rain and thunderstorms. however. However. such as weddings and funerals. The main cut-flowers business was done with flowers to be used for weddings and funerals. supermarkets. but as said in adjusted quantities. Flowers originating from the Netherlands were not too expensive. traders were reporting. During the last two weeks of the month the market remained at the same slow level as during the first half of the month. and for many people the first wave of summer vacations had started. especially in the Netherlands. with great sales and good returns. just because of the re-planting of new young plants for future productions. given the time of year. florists and consumers was nothing special at all. even though offered prices were not high at all. quantities of nearly all import flowers were adjusted. or even months. carnations and some flowers with smaller supplies still did maintain their positive positions. for nearly all products. Even though most of the products could be purchased for much lower prices. which might have its negative impact on the sales and results during the weeks to come. and therefore importers could successfully negotiate to get lower prices.

It could mean that some of the countries that traditionally use carnations. These events take place during two weeks. On the supply side of the market there was quite some shortage of Colombian carnations. and so quantities had to be compensated for by other suppliers. The same could be said when taking into account the entire month. Switzerland imports relatively big quantities of roses (more than many other countries. especially roses. According to traders and florists. will face a more frequent shortage in quantities. A handicap was that Ethiopian roses were hardly available. or not. which had its strong effect on the productions of the so-called Freeland flowers. some other reasons for the slow market could be the beginning of the summer holiday season. according to traders. due to very low domestic greenhouse cultivation). According to traders it was even slightly better than expected. The weddings season normally is in the summer. Almost all florists and other cutflowers sales points were. while spray carnation were plentiful. sales and results turned out to be very good and satisfactory. however. which normally is the case (the last Sunday of May). For Sweden it was a great advantage that the French Mother‟s Day took place one week later this year. only happen as of the first week of July. the economical and financial world crisis is now hitting Switzerland. but now there are plenty of local flowers and roses available of good quality and for very competitive prices. Normally. Consumers bought much smaller quantities. while on the other day the market was nearly dead. because therefore prices were still very reasonable. This will. especially roses. Throughout the last week of the month the market slightly improved again. and also better when compared to previous years. but also in the flowers business. smaller than 10%. much slower than during the past months and also slower when compared to the same period of previous years. Moreover. immediately after all the special days. It was reported that the Colombian farmers were in the re-planting period. which is normally the case during the summertime. much less frequently. During that same week the so-called Students‟ Days had started . July and August. and this is celebrated with giving bouquets of cutflowers. which had a very positive impact on the post Mother‟s Day market. When they receive the diplomas. particularly summer flowers and roses. Throughout the third week of the month the market gradually and slightly improved. Quite some shortage was noted of Colombian carnations. and particularly of the white varieties. It was reported that florist had a turnover loss of some 10% so far this year. It seems that the economical problems arrived in Switzerland later than to nearly all other European countries. while it surely would have been much higher if both days would have taken place on the same date. too.the days when students find out whether they have graduated and will receive their diplomas. Switzerland During the first two weeks of June the cut-flowers market was rather calm and quiet. purchase prices for nearly all products were not too high. eventually. Throughout the second half of the month the market slowed down. during June. throughout the last week of the month. and the arrival of many domestically cultivated Freeland (Freiland) flowers. United Kingdom The cut-flowers market during the first two weeks of June was very subdued. sold out. especially not for all flowers originating from the Netherlands. One day demand and sales were reasonable. with only some extra demand and sales for weddings and funerals. However. feasts are given. especially of certain colours. several farmers have decided to plant other products instead. but still a loss. as though summertime had started already. the market slowed down to a very low level. 8 Market News Service Cut Flowers and Ornamental Plants . which normally is not one of the year‟s best months. mainly due to the fact that the weather was rather poor. Still. Traders reported of strong pressure only on the prices of roses and leather leaves. Of course. with quite some rainfall and relatively lower temperatures. Demand in general was low. Also the supermarkets noticed a turnover loss. especially in the industrial sectors. and both weeks were very successful cut-flowers consumption weeks. Some extra demand was created for the mid-summer night feasts.Sweden Mother‟s Day‟s cut-flowers demand. such as England. but still demand and sales turned out reasonably.

nearly all companies and organisations are saving on these cost-posts for the time being. campanula on pot and hibiscus. especially in the group of plants that were normally used for internal landscaping. the market slowed down to an absolute low level. throughout the second half of the first week . and shows a distorted picture of the final results. but for all green plants prices were very low. while prices were higher for kalanchoe. Belgium (-14%). The garden plants turnover has decreased by 10. Wholesalers and growers can profit more by placing more plants on 9 Market News Service Cut Flowers and Ornamental Plants . ficus. on the producers‟ side as well as on the consumers‟ side. May‟s export turnover has decreased by 4% when compared to the same month of last year. still had a positive impact on the total average price of €1. However. hospitals and big banks were amongst the best clients for the mentioned plants. receiving a total average price of some €3. France (3%). realised with a lower supply of 0. Good demand and sales were noted especially for flowering plants.9%. Austria (-10%). supplied in small quantities. resulting in a total average price per plant of 35 Eurocents (last year 37 cents). For instance. but when analyzing the situation per plant-type. hydrangea. Denmark (-17%). when the summer holidays will start.Market Trends Plants Market in Europe The Netherlands FloraHolland Aalsmeer Auction‟s Notes The June 2009 auction figures were published as follows. the fully-grown house-plants market during the month of June has become much slower and quieter. This is in strong contradiction with what happened in the house-plants‟ sector. and dracaena. especially in the sector of the green house-plants. Very negative percentages were realized to: United Kingdom (-12%). For smaller and medium sized plants demand and sales were still reasonable. Heavy pressure on the prices was noticed also for plants like pot roses and hortensias. Switzerland (2%) and Spain (12%). The situation of the bigger sized plants remained very difficult.50 (last year during the comparable time €4. one could see enormous differences. even though prices were not high at all. have obtained good prices. the phalaenopsis orchid plants. but there was hardly any interest in the bigger sized plants. The monthly turnover of house-plants has decreased by 0.68 (Last year €1. It could be concluded that the season of the garden and bedding-plants has been very successful.1%. Remarkable were the positive percentages realised to the countries Germany (2%). flowering and green house-plants. After a very good month of May.9% when compared to the same month of last year. Most of the bigger companies and organisation with plenty of room. Poland (-15%) and other countries (-16%). as well as for the garden and bedding-plants. resulting in an average price per plant of €1.50 (last year €1. For flowering plants the market situation was still reasonable.50). anthurium. It can be expected that the market will remain the same during the weeks to come. The total average price for all flowering plants still seemed normal. Throughout the last two weeks of the month the market further deteriorated for nearly all plants. There is also a tendency to use smaller and more compact green houseplants. Importers and Traders‟ Notes The May 2009 house and garden plants export figures from the Netherlands were published by HBAG (Exporter‟s Union) as follows. in many cases far too low to cover the cost price. with absolutely lowest demand. Only the niche products and the specials.71). realised with a lower supply of 6.6%. Much lower prices were quoted for phalaenopsis orchids. pot roses. such as airports. and for green plants all turned out reasonably well.55). zantedeschia on pot. of which the season was nearly terminated. particularly for the medium and smaller sized plants.and even more so during the second week of the month. as of the beginning of July. while better prices were quoted for pot anthurium and double flowering kalanchoes. However. At the very beginning of June the house and garden plants market could be called rather good and satisfactory.

which has been scarcely available for quite a long time. and there were no night-frost damages this year.40m high for €12.50. remain like that during the weeks to come. another part not rooted at all. Denmark During the first two weeks of June the fully-grown plants market was reasonably satisfactory. As traders reported. The same can be said for producers and growers. In the green houseplants sector things were much more subdued. Importers became more cautious in importing quantities. Towards the end of June the season was terminating. the last part. The general quality level of the imported material could be called „very good‟. On the contrary. People could plant in the garden easily. for €8. not the original producer overseas. The question is whether these plants will ever be saleable. while supermarkets. given the time of year. in strong contrast with the market situation of May. most probably. when compared to the previous years. Bigger sized plants were facing selling problems due to very low demand in the internal landscaping sector. so far. the end of the holiday time. it further deteriorated to a summer level situation. With the summer coming up. and so it can be concluded that this sector was very successful this year. In the tropical ornamental young-plants sector the situation did not improve. This situation will. It can be expected that the market will not really recover until mid August.50. multiples and florists were also trying to purchase their plant material for the lowest prices possible. except for the products pot roses and kalanchoe. there was also reasonable demand for the flowering houseplants. Germany Throughout the first half of June the fully-grown plants market became really slow and quiet. In the tropical ornamental young plants sector the situation was very much adjusted to the market situation of the fully-grown plants. Throughout the second half of the month the market did not improve at all. May‟s market demand. The major given reason was that more profitable results could be obtained with smaller and medium sized plants. The garden and bedding plants season has been very good until the end of May. 10 Market News Service Cut Flowers and Ornamental Plants .10. which means that many traders have been offering products for bargaining prices. At the same time the actual summer holidays were starting.10m high.25.the same square meter. due to more economical packing and transport. Rather good was the situation for the smaller and medium sized plants in pot sizes 6cm to 11cm. Phalaenopsis orchid plants were demanded and sold very well. it has become a fighting market. dr. raphis palms 1 meter high in a pot size 17 for €3. and were definitely not prepared to take any quantities overhand. sales and results were the best in this year. However. A container with sanseveria plant material arrived in a very poor quality condition. because the weather circumstances during April and May were nearly ideal. Part of the material was very minimally rooted. as was very common in the past. and the consumers‟ new trend is to purchase more of these sized plants. As mentioned. which was only a small part of the season. deremensis 12” rooted tips for €0. The only one product with positive demand and results is phoenix roebelinii. because their greenhouses were full all the time. though most of the growers did not buy at all. not the importer and neither the grower in the importing country. though prices and results were much lower this year. It is very much related to what happens in the fully-grown plants sector. both for the flowering houseplants as for the garden and bedding plants. plant material was offered for such low prices that nobody could earn any money on them. Objectively no one makes any margins or profits under certain circumstances. In the tropical ornamental young-plants sector things were moving on normally. 1. except for the product geranium. growers will be careful not to buy oversized quantities. became very slow and calm. 1. for the moment. Slightly more positive were the sales of some flowering plant types and of some smaller and medium sized green houseplants. Some prices for the respective products were: dracaena compacta 6” rooted tips for €0. Plenty of new material and quantities were continuously offered for bargaining prices. for flowering as well as for green houseplants.80. phoenix roebelinii 6” cane size. which turned out to be a very reasonable and positive month. The season of the latter mentioned plants was excellent this year. Towards the end of the month the market for nearly all houseplants. Everyone is trying to save costs wherever possible. Anyway. was not good at all. 10-14” cane size.

around mid.August. even slightly disappointing. the season of the garden and bedding plants was about to terminate. Market News Service Cut Flowers and Ornamental Plants 11 . This will start again at the end of the summer holidays. Also the third week of the month was a good plants‟ selling month. Green houseplants were not traded at all. with quite a lot of rainfall. However. There was some demand for the flowering houseplant types like kalanchoe. Mother‟s Day‟s (last Sunday of May) plants sales turned out to be reasonably good. By the end of the month.Sweden Due to the rather cold weather. so far. though it always has been more of a cut-flowers consumption event. at the very end of the month. kalandiva and begonia. In the houseplants sector the market was extremely slow and quiet. growers and traders could be reasonably satisfied. and due to the fact that the summer holidays have started. especially for flowering houseplants and for garden and bedding plants (the end of the season).plants. The most popular plant item used for Mother‟s Day is the so-called „hanging basket‟. the fully grown plants market during the first half of June was called very moderate. mainly because of the nice and warm weather. mostly filled with annual garden and bedding.or end. During the last week of the month the market slowed down quite considerably.

at best. such as product of high-nature value farming. The demand is certainly there for freshly produced food. The British-grown sector of the flower market is making progress due to the low pound and the inflated prices of imported flowers. Niche growers can enjoy lucrative deals with retailers. Unfortunately. for the past two years. But these niche growers are in fast decline. tulips.and life unpredictable for growers. But in what is expected to cause jitters among players in developing countries‟ horticulture industry. stocks and acid-green alchemilla . “The Council has asked the Commission to look at labelling options 12 in the complex area of carbon footprint. Marks and Spencer. gladioli. but there is not the same commitment from retailers in general to freshly cut UK flowers. British grown flowers such as daffodils. Dahlias.” the Commission said in a latest notice to the EU Parliament as well as the economic and social committee.from 18% to 25% .Selected Floriculture World Info UK: Customers Show Preference for British Flowers Along with other goods on the fresh produce market. producing different flowers at different times of the year. They are reluctant to enter into long-term agreements with growers and this makes business . The cut flower market in the UK is worth more than £2 billion. the power base in relationships between retailers and small producers is invariably in the retailers' favor. Source: internationalsupermarketnews. asters and sweet Williams are also fashionable. the commission revealed it would particularly rein in on policies on the management of products shipped in from far flung areas amid concerns that such shipments contributed to global warming. peonies and lilies are all proving very popular 11/06/09 New Food Miles Policy Threatens Horticulture Sector Fresh produce exporters could face new hurdles as the European Commission embarks on crafting new policy regulations on the controversial carbon foot prints concept that aims at curbing environmental pollution. the subject in 2007 rattled players in the Kenyan horticulture industry amid concerns that it threatened to lock out local producers from key Market News Service Cut Flowers and Ornamental Plants . “Stakeholders have proposed further EU schemes particularly in the environmental sphere.all grown in the UK. There are plans to introduce more informative labeling this year as to where flowers actually come from. there is a growing preference in consumers to buy British cut flowers. has committed to buying more British flowers as its sales in this area have increased by 7% .” the EC said in its communication. Though the debate over carbon footprint/food miles concept has gradually fizzled out. You can go im M&S to buy a bunch of summer flowers including alliums. There is a growing feeling in this market that we need to be buying as locally and accountably as we can.

Event planner Dena Rogoff says she's cultivating a new set of money-saving skills. The roses are harvested every day and directly transported to the Albert Heijn stores. Nairobi 22/06/09 Dutch Supermarket Chain Guarantees Roses to Last 7 Days Dutch supermarket chain Albert Heijn has launched a new quality mark for roses guaranteeing that the flowers will last at least 7 days. a flower merchant. that's 12 hours. Two years on the debate has once again reemerged even as the EU worked towards reinforcing its agricultural production and marketing systems to ensure high quality especially in Europe. He says the recession is keeping his customers away and that's affecting his bottom line. Source: FloraCulture International 05/06/09 USA: Manhattan Flower District Wilting While the economic recession continues to take some of the financial bloom out of Manhattan's Flower District. "If people choose less expensive and you buy flowers for like 15 . But peek in the stores and you'll find plenty of foliage with hardly any buyers. But while his inventory is blooming. merchants and customers alike are finding new ways to substitute simplicity for extravagance. but for the more luxury Dutch roses customers can even obtain a 10 days guarantee. however." said Rasid Mohamed. signalling its resolve to among other things entrench the carbon miles concept into its agricultural management policy. some merchants say they're thinking carefully about how they pick and price their inventory. Kenyan horticulture exporters however responded to the claims and pointed out that their produce was prudently grown under the natural sun unlike those from Europe that were natured under green houses whose emissions are more destructive to the environment. “The strategic orientations set out in this Communication offer a logical framework for the future policy on agricultural product quality. Kumar says his business is not. two dollar flowers. Proponents of this concept argued that to discourage such threats of environmental degradation.20 dollars a bunch where you can sell? People ask for three dollar. Albert Heijn has selected the best cultivars featuring beautiful blooms and a long shelf life. 13 Market News Service Cut Flowers and Ornamental Plants . it has completely disappeared as of last year and that has affected 50 percent of our business. It seems merchants aren't the only ones who are hurting. it seems there's decent foot traffic in the Flower District." said Absolutely Wild owner Peter Cunningham. "We're still doing a lot of charity work. Very tough time. but as far as the corporate events side has gone. we're open Sunday too.” the EC said. Kumar's store has been open for 25 years. With rent. “ We are trying to make a case that the air miles issue should revolve around the complete life cycle of the product and not just the air freight”. If a customer is not satisfied with the roses. At first glance. carnation and gerbera bear the Albert Heijn quality mark. "It's a very. "We're open from six to six. employees and taxes to pay and customers loathing to spend money on a luxury item like flowers. Hard work and little profit seems to be the norm for the wholesale merchants on 28th Street between 6th and 7th Avenues. Only in this way the supermarket can offer this special guarantee. They went on to launch counteractive campaign dubbed “Grown Under the Sun” that put off helped to silence their carbon foot print critics. very hard time now. In the coming months Albert Heijn will introduce the money back guarantee for its entire assortment of flowers and plants. vowed to challenge such plans to re-introduce the carbon mile concept saying it lacked a basis for justification. The freshness of the roses is guaranteed for seven days. Business Daily. Kenyan producers. At the moment only roses." said Paradise Plant owner Sees Kumar. no matter what he does. Many people buying flowers say they're struggling too. all produce brought in through long haulage should be accorded special cautionary labels such that buyers „skipped them‟ for locally produced ones." said Kumar. In the coming month the quality mark will appear on all roses that are for sale in the Albert Heijn stores. there is a money back guarantee. like 7 days a week.

” says SCS Certification Manager for Sustainable Agriculture.com10/06/09 Nairobi to Have Special Flower Market Nairobi will soon have a designated flower market where both vendors and buyers can converge and transact their business. This follows revelations by the newly appointed Nairobi Metropolitan Development Minister Njeru Githae that a flower market with facilities such as cold rooms would be set up within the City.” VeriFlora also announced the certification program has achieved ISO/IEC Guide 65 accreditation after passing a rigorous audit by the American National Standards Institute (ANSI). As desperate as things may seem now. Michael Keyes. “In conjunction with the (Nairobi) City Council. Source: NY1. “The certification of the one billionth stem demonstrates the growing demand for sustainably grown cut flowers and potted plants. Some floral designers who are used to pulling out all the stops say they're seeing clients tailor their expectations to meet the economic climate.S. Dr.” The VeriFlora program is a rigorous agricultural sustainability certification and eco-labeling program recognized as the gold standard in the floriculture and horticulture industries. Certified VeriFlora fresh cut flowers and potted plants can be found in leading retailers. To become certified under VeriFlora. He said there was a need to stimulate the consumption of the products locally. People are retreating. the VeriFlora Certified Sustainably Grown program has grown to include more than 50 growers and handlers doing business in five countries."I find I'm trying to work with more economical flowers and just use filler-ins on the higher-end ones so I can achieve a nice look but not spend that much. the usage of flowers has not been Market News Service Cut Flowers and Ornamental Plants . a government official has said. Source: www.” he added. many say they're committed to weathering the economic storm. health and safety claims. growers. an internationally recognized third-party certifier of environmental. flower merchants are hoping it won't be this way forever. nurseries and garden centers across the U. “Despite the fact that these flowers are grown here. handlers and others implement cultivation protocols and other systems that help: • Protect ecosystems • Conserve natural resources • Reduce waste • Ensure the well-being of workers • Benefit local communities • Enhance product beauty and longevity Launched in 2005. While not optimistic about recouping their losses. including many of the largest and most sophisticated farms in North and South America. VeriFlora® is administered by Scientific Certification Systems." said John Grafenecker. "They don't want to hear about lilies and orchids and beautiful centerpieces." said Rogoff. grocery stores.VeriFlora. “We will copy what they call the „free market‟ in London where on a weekend you close one road and let the trader to come in and sell their goods. Mr Githae‟s pledge came after he opened a flower show dubbed „Soko la maua‟ where the Kenya Flower Council (KFC) applauded the move saying it would help develop the local flower market. a floral designer. At the same time. He told reporters that the initiative would not only create job opportunities for many vendors but would also help curb (export) flower theft during transportation where refrigerated-lorries carrying the product are opened and a few bunches 14 removed for sale locally. KFC Chairman Kabuya Muito asked the government to go a step further and consider using cut flowers as one of the prominent Kenyan features as they carry out the country‟s branding 15/06/09 Colombia: One Billion Flowers Certified by VeriFlora® VeriFlora® announced at this year‟s Super Floral Show in Atlanta (from June 10 to 12) that it has certified more than one billion flower stems as being “sustainably grown. they've got to do good at their daughter's wedding but not as luxuriously as it would have been. “These are important milestones for VeriFlora. I have undertaken to come up with a formal flower market where everyone will know that if they want flowers that is the place to go. and the ANSI accreditation reinforces our ability to provide high-quality certification services.” he said. and Canada. which would spur the industry‟s growth.

growing as fast. we're telling them 'you go away. Nguyen Van Sau. Other companies had considered e-commerce as a way to get out of the crisis. The domestic flower market. Many companies were resorting to discounting to attract customers. Bagire Henry. China. farmers were being merged into co-operative groups to create economies of scale and his ministry was also identifying farmers who engaged best practice in the farming of export crops. Nevertheless. African governments appear to increasingly favor implementing their own subsidies. said: "The US and Europe are saying 'don't subsidize' and yet they continue subsidizing their own farmers. This surprised me. high quality and numerous colors. Flowers imported from foreign countries. especially in northern regions. Also in Da Lat City. we would like to see flowers brought in as one of the major faces identifying aspects of Kenya. providing technical input and subsidizing 15 Market News Service Cut Flowers and Ornamental Plants . Lang Biang Farm in Da Lat City has found new hybrid flower varieties and has many export orders from foreign countries. this is our country'. choosing high-end consumers as key clients. The message from state representatives from numerous African countries attending the Agribusiness Forum 2009 held in Somerset West was that international donor demands for 'free markets' no longer held sway in the face of a drive for an African 'green revolution'. director of Thanh Quang Company. Companies have also set up websites so customers can order on line. Source: VietNam Business Finance 16/06/09 Africa: Continent Should Subsidize Own Farmers Tired of seeing prices for their crops undercut by US and European producers who receive billions of dollars in government subsidies each year. some flower traders are looking at new ideas and markets. said the number of individuals who ordered e-flowers had reduced. Source: Capital Business 11/05/09 Imports Shake Vietnam’s Flower Market The domestic flower industry is struggling against up to 40 per cent reduced demand in the first four months of the year and increased competition from imported flowers. with even private Agribusiness companies seemed to accept the logic. such as Holland and Australia. Many accept payment through credit cards." Henry said in a push to develop export crops and increase yields." Phuc said. they were focused on the domestic market and the price of orchids was cut by six times to serve domestic consumers. Nguyen Thi Thuy Vu. which was attended by about 400 high-level international government and private sector delegates.” he emphasized. were cheap and they could stay fresh for days. flower traders said. why? The World Bank is saying 'don't subsidize'. said local orchids could not compete with Chinese ones because of the latters‟ low price. As we look to branding Kenya. So his company had changed tack. Uganda's state minister for Agriculture. "The shelf life of Chinese flowers is two or three times longer than Vietnamese flowers and the price is so cheap. And they were being backed by international agricultural development NGOs. Flowers imported from Vietnam‟s biggest competitor. leaving mostly companies. In the past the company‟s products were grown to serve export markets. were often more expensive but they had interesting colors and shapes and could remain fresh for two weeks. Also some companies have coordinated with many small companies to open branches in provinces and cities. Speaking during a press interview at the forum. Now in the recession. could not compete with some imported flowers because their strange beauty had important novelty value. director of World of Flower Joint Stock Company in HCM City. HCM City flower trader Pham Huu Phuc said after a study trip to northern markets that he was surprised at the low price and high quality of flowers imported from China.

Auerbach said subsidies were needed but should perhaps rather be targeted at farmers who engaged in best practice models. He said one way to get around the demands of donors and the World Bank would be to simply find another word for subsidies. "If we can find another word for it perhaps the WTO would not have such a problem with it. Mkindi can look back on a successful event. said: "Only in Africa is the word subsidy a sin. However." Source: West Cape News 19/06/09 Credit Crunch Wilts Tanzania’s Horticultural Industry down their businesses if we don‟t manage to salvage the situation. managing director of the Tanzania Association for Horticultural Agriculture (TAHA) both flower and vegetable growers are experiencing the toughest moment in the past 20 years. The impact of reduced credit. The African statesmen may be emboldened by Malawi's success over the last four years in substantially increasing their maize yields through government subsidies to reduce farmers' costs for fertilizers and high-yielding seed. higher unemployment and erosion of personal savings and investments has reduced the demand for flowers.their farming practices. prices on average have declined by 30-50% compared to a year earlier and as for flowers certain varieties and lengths have had zero demand”. TAHA‟S managing director points out different reasons for the bad market conditions: “The decline in the world economy and purchasing power has had a major impact on the horticultural industry by reducing consumer spending which has included the retail of flowers as a major example.” TAHA‟s helping hand comes at one of the hardest moments when Tanzania‟s horticultural industry sees a dramatic drop in demand for its flowers and vegetables. “This was a training meant for the senior staff members of the member farms and which aimed at transforming the organizational structures in the farms through empowering their respective senior staffs. He said a further 30 000 farmers would receive subsidies this year and the numbers would increase until there would soon be "a million farmers" receiving state subsidies. rather than handing out subsidies. would be to penalize farmers who were using inefficient or polluting agricultural practices." Ngoni said targeted subsidies could be used to reduce the costs of production for farmers having to compete in world markets skewed by their European and US counterparts. "There is a great threat that some of the horticultural producers will close 16 Market News Service Cut Flowers and Ornamental Plants . especially in emerging markets. rising production costs. President of the Kenyan-based Alliance for a Green Revolution in Africa (AGRA) Namanga Ngoni. “Since October 2008. We saw a major growth in the world economy in 2007 of Tanzania‟s horticultural industry is wilting under the pressure from the global economic downturn. Mkindi said. he said. Director of the Rainman Landcare Foundation Raymond Auerbach said wholesale subsidies were not the answer. He said Uganda was spending $70 million annually through the National Agriculture Advisory Services in order organize smallholder farmers and provide extension services. which would distort the market. instable currencies and unpredictable weather conditions. Henry said Uganda had already started subsidizing 30 000 farmers who headed up identified agricultural nodes in Uganda's parishes. According to Jacqueline Mkindi (photo). Another way to do it.” Just recently Mkindi held a TAHA training in in Arusha.

The industry earns the country more than $130 million and employs more than 30. The main production areas for cut flowers are in the northern part of the country. UK and France.2% with resultant growth in the flower industry. “If the financial crunch continues to cause a lower demand in the flower market. Mkindi concludes. Local MP John Mututho gave the 30 farms targeted by the campaign two weeks to fill the canals they have dug around the lake. "We are ready to travel even to the Holland market and various supermarkets in the United Kingdom to have our case heard as these flower farms are killing Lake Naivasha. Environmentalists and biologists say that water extraction by the dozens of flower farms around the lake has contributed to a sharp decline in water levels that will eventually destroy the local ecosystem.” Also. which account for a large part of the direct markets." a local Maasai leader." he told reporters. However. James Kahora. Norway and others follow this like Australia. resulting in a 20% reduction of imports and the Russian Rouble by 35%.” This is a very serious threat to the Tanzania flower growers who are already facing increasing production costs with oil peaking at $146/barrel in July 2008. putting upward pressure on fertilizer and airfreight. IBECA and various demonstrators prevented a local farm from extracting water from the lake through a deep canal. Lake Naivasha. more specifically the Arusha and Kilimanjaro regions.” Calls for a stimulus plan. which has had the equivalent downward impact on Russian prices. unpredictable and extreme weather conditions have badly influenced the sales of Tanzania fresh produce. the farmers use more chemicals to control pests like aphids and red spider mites. has also resulted in higher input prices as the majority of operating costs are dollar based”. is a stunning freshwater lake considered one of the top 10 birdwatching spots in the world and one of the continent's bio-diversity jewels. credit guarantees and completion of the Mwanza Airport allowing horticulture and fish exports to share chartered flights. Source: Allafrica.000 Tanzanians per annum. small grower aids. said his group would travel to Europe to promote the "Save Lake Naivasha" campaign. The farmers can also not produce the quality of products they expect. the color intensity. The executive director of the Indigenous bio-diversity environmental conservation association (IBECA). When it is dusty. the flowers from Africa (Tanzania included) might find themselves completely pushed out of the market. Maasai herders have further complained that flower farms have also closed natural corridors. making it impossible for them to water their livestock. “The UK Pound has weakened by 28% over the last year. which have seen their currencies weaken dramatically. Many of the sprawling flower farms around Lake Naivasha and across the country are foreign-owned and send tones of roses and other flowers daily to European capitals and other markets such as Japan. “The very hot weather of late is having some impact on the operational costs of horticultural producers. but this increased supply now exceeds demand with a resultant downward pressure on prices. said Mkindi. “We are now having two farms established in Southern Tanzania (in Iringa) which has a more conducive climate for this kind of farming. The biggest market for cut flowers has always been the auctions in Holland. Speaking about world currencies TAHA‟s managing director refers to the two major importers of East African flowers. Arusha and Kilimanjaro have an advantage of proximity to support services like airports and agro – input which are mostly bought from Kenya.e. said.” Source: FloraCulture International 16/06/09 Kenyan Greens Urge Boycott Naivasha Flowers Green campaigners in Kenya called for a boycott of flowers from some 30 farms contributing to the degradation of Lake Naivasha. "The farmers found the Maasais here and we shall not stand back and watch as the only natural resource we know is killed by profitoriented /AFP 25/06/09 Market News Service Cut Flowers and Ornamental Plants 17 .5. i. including a more structured financing of the sector.” The priority normally given at the Dutch flower auctions for European flowers to the detriment of African flowers is making the situation even worse. The yield per hectare has also gone down due to high temperatures. some 100 kilometers (60 miles) northwest of Nairobi. “The weakening Euro (vs the US Dollar). The horticultural sector is one of Kenya's top exporters but wildlife tourism is also a key source of revenue for the east African country. The horticultural industry has registered tremendous growth in the past three years and has recently been recognized and prioritized by key stakeholders including the government of Tanzania as a significant contributor in the national economic growth and poverty alleviation strategy.

Events Calendar Flowers Day Calendar Exhibitions and Conferences 18 Market News Service Cut Flowers and Ornamental Plants .

998.090 Import 2. Comparative Analysis of Main Products Weekly data is provided in kindness of the Dutch Flower Auctions Association (VBN) The accumulated data below is the sum of the weekly sales results of all the Dutch flower auctions over weeks 01 through 26 of 2009 – 2008 – 2007 Index: All Countries Import Qnt_ P_ Qnt / Qnt P/P Total auctioned products.3% -8.862.360.206 Holland 4.13 -3% -2% -4% -15% -49% -13% 6% 9% -18% -8% -7% -15% -17% -28% -10% -7% -9% -20% -6% P 09/08 -12% -7.096.485.09 0.475.273.16 0.490.276 46.12 0.086 Alstroe me ria All Countries 106.979.15 0.921.23 0.288.23 0.438.404.977 65.198.148 Red number is lower than in 2008 Qnt P_09 P_08 P_07 09/08 0.380.086 45.323 125.446.European Markets Statistics from the Flower Auctions of the Netherlands A.840 100.18 0.STATISTICAL INFORMATION Period Price Information – First Half Year 2009 Floriculture Products .960 Carnation Spray All Countries 33.5% -2.15 0.255 Holland 36.889 2.10 0.284 635.123.22 0.173 7.093 6.287 Import 9.336.16 0.6% -8.593 Qnt_2008 6.15 0.982 92.323.16 0.455 329.6% 1.2% -15% -11% -12% -12% -14% -12% -1.848.20 0.518 13.26 0.461 2.13 0.315 226.10 0.10 0.334.21 0.09 0.08 0.434 4.15 0.08 0.616 46.603 55.379.464.8% -13% -1.17 0.941.17 0.21 0.739.961 Holland 339.251 Holland 43.3% -14% -13% -10% -8.883.15 0.950.0% 11% -2.235.7% -1.399.676 Carnation Stan .257 Holland 3.16 0.166 Import 51.322.752 Holland 93.15 0.17 0.513.22 0.779.23 0.0% -6% -11% 4% -57% -3.10 0.611 4.1% 3%  Market News Service Cut Flowers and Ornamental Plants .131 24.677.9% -25% -10% -25% -21% -28% -21% Qnt_2007 6.900 33.113 5.547 52.431.25 0. originating from The Netherlands and all other supplying countries. All Countries 54. Quantities sold.19 0.24 0.679.325 5.15 0.554 Import 3.414.20 0.5% -10% -8.1% -2.327.037.3% Qnt 09/07 -2% 2% -4% -11% -38% -10% 4% 11% -41% 21% 32% -29% -32% -47% -21% -6% -6% -34% 4% -5% -80% 2% P 09/07 -13% -4.36 0.928.35 0.15 0.10 0.860 -1% -19% -74% -0.15 0.674 Import 3.546 118.361 4.624.11 0.024.849 Eustoma All Countries 52.572.192.665 27.918.415.13 0.040 Holland 103. Products supplied from exporting countries.305. All Countries 601.498.397.9% 2.2% 4% -19.20 0.740 115.15 0.004 Holland 4.10 0.21 0.108.349.461.934 6.661.33 0.14 0.11 0.6% -18% -12% -28% -1.655.426.606.046.681.135 Chrysant Spray . compared to 2008 and to 2007 All Countries = Mostly Dutch supply All Countries = Mostly imported supply Green number is higher than in 2008 Product Origin / Qnt_2009 All Cut Flowe rs All Countries 6.933 Import 29.16 0.230.585 54.190.22 0.061.6% -25% -0.434 57.595.149.588 32.11 0.274.33 0.1% -3.09 0.611 7.880 11.287.1% -28% -6. excluding The Netherlands.678 41.14 0.390 Import 17.537.259 40.923.15 0.097.634 Ane mone All Countries 56.10 0.12 0.663.26 0.505.36 0.723 47.794 96.12 0.15 0. compared to 2008 and to 2007 Change in % average price in 2009.971.100 90.09 0.644.834 366.541.17 0. in Stems (for cut flowers) or in Units (for plants) Average price per Stem (for cut flowers) or per Unit (for plants) in Euro Change in % Supplied quantity in 2009.918 22.39 0.10 0.181 8.106 Ge rbe ra M ini All Countries 342.566.22 0.367.610 36.036 Ge rbe ra Large All Countries 95.138 4.199 329.317.252.360.7% 3.882.858 Import 1.11 0.520.557 79.11 0.945.872 633.087.024.22 0.025 358.639.455 120.6% 1408 % -5% -11.10 0.

24 0.43 0.972.8% -15% -17% -9% -7% -1% -7.23 0.540 Holland 5.6% -2.059 1.12 0.699.46 0.023 Rose Spray All Countries 31.530 6.0% -7.68 0.092.7% -21% -11% -14% -12% -8.12 0.715 16.3% -21% -6.30 0.11 0.16 -9% -9% -40% P 09/08 -1.508 35.257 Qnt_2007 93.24 0.820 Import 78.895 1.12 0.122.463 25.50 0.973.15 0.13 0.622 36.992.17 0.711.582.268 17.546 1.301.378.3% -13% -14% -4.14 0.462 593.006 Lilium Longifl .735 Ranunculus All Countries 64.025.525 Holland 11.23 0.067 20.17 0.27 0.890 Lilium Oriental All Countries 68.13 0.001 Import 12.528.181 1.683 Import 14.11 0.14 0.495 34.2% -1.816.455.729.830 Wax Flower All Countries 32.14 0.378.8% -7.5% -15% -5.320 11.740 14.32 0.32 0.689 85.815.14 0.136.14 0.516.31 0.900.2% 2.226.7% -10.300.10 0.313.100.12 0.356.537 Import 33.704.4% -21% -16% -11% -13% -14% -14% -19% -13% 8% 17% -14% -3% 2% 3% -1% 1% 11% -12% -8% -8% 3% -13% -18% -9% 5% -4% -2.274 767.369 50.336 597.425.41 0.705.872.394.875.356.600 Import 27.12 0.17 0.735 36.381 35.955 11.944.27 0.050 21.25 0.0% -25% -27% -28% -0.39 0.287.7% 7.17 0.17 0.6% 1.368.646 737.866.17 0.18 0.186 15.12 0.817.31 0.331.756.248 18.1% -11% 11% 0.29 0.12 0.575 75.445 Import 11.34 0.9% -9.656.740 Holland 16.081 18.017 466.278 Qnt P_09 P_08 P_07 09/08 0.851 441.610 97.152.568 Veronica All Countries 30.210 98.120 18.509 33.236.13 0.680.44 0.22 0.822.206.219 29.7% 0.386 7.246.740 Holland 569.958 31.231 91.32 0.446.880 7.8% -22% -10% 14% 63% -5% -1% -1% -3% 28%  20 Market News Service Cut Flowers and Ornamental Plants .300 75.485 950.0% -8.224.13 0.07 0.757.33 0.345 Ornithogalum All Countries 35.607 Limonium All Countries 27.69 0.39 0.14 0.18 0.09 0.370 70.15 0.204 Hypericum All Countries 78.244 16.760.566.460 84.5% 1% -2.576 31.161 3.1% 5.775.406 Holland 61.589.2% -11.45 0.025 8.355.9% -8% -8% 1% -32% -16% -23% -13% -8% 54% -7.426 Import 21.595 26.351.500 Holland 773.661 4.988.785 51.280 1.495.759.654.655.6% Qnt 09/07 -15% -14% -51% -25% -24% -26% -21% -20% -48% -37% -27% -41% -22% -9% 739% -18% -4% 3% -24% -11% 2% 5% -12% 5% 30% -18% -3% -1% -35% P 09/07 3.264.825.830 1.362.34 0.5% -10% -13% -11% -8.931 23.15 0.769.385.835.11 0.19 0.33 0.15 0.581.207 10.868.1% -3.176.13 0.16 0.18 0.862 36.770 Holland 3.21 0.4% -24% -44.005 49.269.14 0.447.13 0.16 0.076 27.901 31.828 455.16 0.23 0.726.678.19 0.055 36.655 Rose Small All Countries 430.433 28.353 690.625 Import 77.33 0.203.241 Holland 5.136 16.209.12 0.024.67 0.8% -14% -15% 8% -22% 19% 20.514.14 0.15 0.554.622 Holland 940.0% -6.216.341 4.943 Ruscus All Countries 35.Product Origin / Qnt_2009 Gypsophila All Countries 79.490.915 Trache lium All Countries 17.763 424.125 Leucadendron All Countries 10.274.13 0.14 0.910.766 Import 5.61 0.19 0.1% -8.314.295.3% 1.16 0.461 Tulip All Countries 1.6% -2% -5% 4.16 0.038.705 63.492.227.19 0.371 Holland 11.22 0.623.389.994.33 0.794.135 10.814.627.876 Holland 20.081 Holland 6.8% -7% -12% -26% -25% -26% 0.2% 4% -6.13 0.13 0.649.19 13.489.12 0.310 12.29 0.806.6% -11% -16% -16% -26% -6.9% -7.896.110.40 0.313.611 643.8% -7.40 0.319.987.13 0.324.33 0.35 0.30 0.680.170 9.4% 7% -13% -16% -3.013 Import 7.9% 7.576 Import 53.19 0.3% -1.15 0.40 0.042 40.977 Holland 527.714.577 50.477.124 32.20 0.725 14.46 0.166.487.12 0.378.747.19 0.606.17 0.25 0.361.64 0.20 0.051 Rose Large All Countries 1.4% 58% -19.730 1.405 3.346 25.828.12 0.153.20 0.491.40 0.18 0.26 0.328.080 Helianthus All Countries 16.650.67 0.8% -11% -5.21 0.14 0.590 17.960.8% 4.533.17 0.50 0.998.949 75.850 13.632 Import 768.1% -10.990 Qnt_2008 87.36 0.394 Import 419.183.735 13.850 63.09 0.12 0.10 0.069.15 0.970 3.0% -25% 10% -5% 28% 25% -14% -32% -14% -31.107 Solidago All Countries 34.15 0.20 0.948.36 0.595.716 5.519 926.130.621 86.361. All Countries 26.13 0.995.264.

Much smaller quantities this year of: alstromeria.73 0.2% -4.8%) lower than during the same period of last year and one cent (-4. limonium.99 1. ranunculus.159 2.117 Cycas Revoluta 796.90 4.696 2. which is –3. much more flowering plants (+ 5%) and less green plants (. Still a slight increase of quantities of: cactus. oriental lilies.67 6.6% 9.841. single headed carnations.306 Dracaena MargSingle Cane .3%. However. trachelium.55 1. delphinium. ruscus leaves. compared to the same period of last year.758 Yucca Single Cane 953. areca palms. All other products were supplied in smaller quantities. Much lower prices for: spray carnations.945 Qnt_2007 463. ammi majus. for products like: standard carnations. eustoma.01 2. eustoma. delphinium.469 1. solidago. codiaeum.25 1. prices were quite the same as last year.564 Schefflera Arbor . compared to 2008. spray roses and solidago.5% -14% -20% -23% -35% 262% -16% 4.20 4. small and sweetheart roses.602 2. compared to 2008. helianthus.2% 09/07 0. Only for a few products prices in 2009 were higher than in 2008.5% -38% -14% -12% 09/07 8. chlorophytum. Cut flowers Import Import 2009 supplied quantities deceased with some 36 million stems when compared to last year. these are: delphinium. sanseveria and yucca. limonium. The total average price per stem was 15 cents. aster.4% 17% -11% 3.171 878. dieffenbachia.2%) lower than in 2007. Remarkable was the fact that the total tea rose average price was 5 cents lower. spray roses and solidago. ruscus leaves. leucadendron.62 4. carthamus.865.09 1. did not continue this year.47 3. tea and small and sweetheart roses.4% 09/08 -1. hypericum.All Countries Origin Qnt_2009 Qnt_2008 486. epipremnum. veronica and wax flowers. 2.8% -9. The total average price for all flowers together ended up at 19 cents per stem.07 1. eustoma. all gerberas. Houseplants Total 2009 houseplants‟ supplied quantities increased with +3. Some products‟ total supplied quantities were yet slightly bigger. two cents (-7.452. such as of : anemones.793 Sansevieria cylindri . nerine.916 871.252 861. ruscus. trachelium and wax flowers.3%.015 915. which is significant indeed. Higher prices in 2009. limonium.4% -25% -10% 148% -6.10 1. single headed carnations.61 1. tea roses.708.52 3.Total 502.396 86. gypsophila and ornithogalum. tulips and wax flowers.73 0. Skyline 213. Smaller quantities for nearly all types of green houseplants this year.196.628 2. Most remarkable is the continuously increase of oriental lily quantities. lilies asiatic and oriental types. spray roses and rudbeckia. liatris.128 Ficus Benjamina Natasja 775.776. eustoma.96 4.2% 6. small and sweetheart roses. hypericum.71 0. The stabilisation of the decrease of small and sweetheart roses. asiatic and oriental lilies. liatris and rudbeckia.04 2.509. aster. euphorbia and ficus.836.Houseplants.2% -56% -1. leucadendron. asters. trachelium.444 59. calathea. Percentage wise . The Dutch supply decreased more than the import supply.066 462.247 413. and to the detailed tables below Cut flowers all countries Total supplied cut flower quantities during the first half year 2009 decreased with 210 million stems. but for the two biggest red coloured varieties Grand Prix and Passion they were more than 10 cents lower. ammi majus. which is –1.42 1. which was noticed last year.69 0. carthamus.079.621 993.61 3. dracaena.8% -12% Houseplants.53 1.808 Chrysalidocarpus Areca 2.5%) were supplied. The major reason might be the continuous increase of the cultivation and supply of tea roses from the producing countries that were used to grow mainly the small and sweethearts before. Products that were supplied in bigger quantities were: anemones. Nora 386.7%. Market News Service Cut Flowers and Ornamental Plants 21 . but strongest decreases for: asparagus. Significant decrease in quantities was in: alstromeria.5% 15% -9. For some other products like: ammi majus. gypsophila.60 1. gypsophila.620 P_09 P_08 P_07 09/08 1.911. longiflorum lilies.roses average price was lower by some -14%. hypericum.3% -12% -9.679 Notes Related to the analysis-tables above. which was 3 cents (= -12%) lower than during the same period of 2008 as well as 2007.

723 37.352.74 0.490. bicolor and branched.39 0.426.15 0.139.554 4.33 0.336.23 0.369 P_09 0.228.36 0.858 342.33 0.The total average price per plants for all plants together during the first half year 2009 was Euro 1. B.40 0.490.15 0.460 15.15 P_07 0.960.19 0.55).26 0.206.17 0.013 27.14 0.795 57.607 93.29 0.198.644. exactly the same as last year.188 52.735 1.850 85.853 40.182 40.906.576 2.950.All Countries Group Name Cut Flowe rs Alstroemeria Ammi majus Anemone Anthurium Aster Carnations Spray Carnations Stan .276 37.716 25.399 63.394.22 0.185.19 0.533.375.879 54.533.363 15.447. Higher prices for products like: aglaonema.17 0.734.504.461 125. Delphinium Eustoma Gerbera Large Gerbera Mini Gladiolus Big Gypsophila Helianthus Hypericum Leucadendron Liatris Lilium Asiatic Lilium LA Lilium Longiflor .973.315 8.13  22 Market News Service Cut Flowers and Ornamental Plants . ficus benjamina braid.208 26.15 0.784 33.868.61 0.747.404.973.288.883.757.51 0.625 10.545 40.131 5.434 13.672.49 0.135 635.39 0.334.544.248 850.603 12.835.818.62 0.14 0.218 31.378. Qnt_ Quantities sold in Stems (for cut flowers or in Units (for plants) .390 3.729.14 0.360.900 6.024. nearly all ficus benjamina types.17 0.235.953.21 0.220 0.20 0.125 36.356.933 54.11 0.666. Carthamus Chrysant Spray .22 0.153.13 P_08 0.518 100.18 0.19 0.674 4.33 0.22 0.606.252. Date: 03/07/2009 Weekly data is provided in kindness of theDutch Flower Auctions Association(VBN) Weekly quantities and prices are thesum over all VBN flower auctions in The Netherlands The accumulated data below is the sum of theweekly sales results of all the Dutch flower auctions over weeks : through 26 for the years 2009-2008-2007 01 Index: All Countries Total auctioned products originating from The Netherlands and all other countries .956.33 0.655.588 65.22 0. calathea. Lilium Oriental Limonium Nerine Ornithogalum Protea Ranunculus Product Name Total Total Total Total Total Total Total Total Total Total Total Total Total Total Total Total Total Total Total Total Total Total Total Total Total Total Total Total Total Qnt_2009 6.880 96.582. For green plants the total average price for all plants together in 2009 was € 1.739.11 0.15 0. ) P_ Average price per Stem (for cut flowers or per Unit (for plants) in Euro ) Green numberis higher than in 2008 Red numberis lower than in 2008 Cut Flowers .09 0.621 16.27 0.903.610 16.13 0.393.19 0.181 329.35 0.20 0. Import Products supplied from exporting countriesexcluding The Netherlands .23 0.22 0.48 (last year € 1.31 0.093 0.30 0.11 0.324.15 0.519 29.971.40 0.36 0.581.39 0.785 Qnt_2007 6.67 0.250 27.090 106.20 0.166 37.379.541.17 0.175.15 0.998.070 36.231 21.554.622 1.21 0.875 56.384 24.967.26 0.22 0.849 10.67 0.406 63.258.740 98.860 35.22 0.431.850 1.067 800.566.287 95.335 87.09 0.766 68.325 7.050 19.38 0.445 78.576 Qnt_2008 6.461.490 633.446. cycas revolute.33 0.510 13.12 0.711. .262.900.610 36. . dracaena types sanderiana.918 79.630.820 16.495.995.934 366.14 0. phoenix roebelinii and sanseveria laurentii.15 0.16 0.12 0.31 0.173 5.477.170 75. all schefflera types and yucca tips.930 79.882.078.889 120. cordyline red edge. Detailed Price Information Issue No M06 .464.77 0.475.984 64.880 75.33 0.57 0.13 0. Lower prices for: cordyline compacta purple stripes.537.46 0.030 601.595.112.779.10 0.125. cocos nucifera.33 0. chrysalidocarpus.664 9.19 0.16 0.927 55.564.006 1.078.705 1.10 0.426 952.18 0.230 52.180 25.

446 69.505.650 26.771.12 0.284 14.206 Total 5.15 0.11 0.497.429.17 25.766 0.555 0.001 1.097 14.13 0.19 0.096.138 2.374.17 0.214.439.260.304.530 0.752 Total 3.23 Product Name Qnt_2009 Total 2.41 24.14 0.684 16.848.611 22.750.061.841.803 28.680.161 14.580 0.14 12.18 0.14 3.609 3.33 84.18 13.09 36.34 0.097.18 0.22 0.705.182.317.086 0.890.866.361 0.590  Market News Service Cut Flowers and Ornamental Plants 23 .12 7.880 14.317.521 0.698.855.663.901 0.346.250 1.875.500.15 0.704.10 0.257 Total 37.23 11.547.684.661.15 0.21 0.496 23.024.005 0.994.16 0.125 34.09 0.004 Total 3.19 0.17 682.565 0.33 0.520.655 Total 1.08 0.638 7.816.740 0.44 19.181 0.418.10 0.22 0.12 0.474 3.572.21 0.11 0.451 939.261.082 0.295.822 76.596.10 0.378.433 31.12 0.270 31.678.896.25 0.338.27 0.14 0.273.988.805 0.000.434 0.15 35.009.787.17 32.14 0.32 0.501 12.645.080 0.20 32.923.615.438.601.678 0.702.07 0.413.21 0.285 21.568 30.45 0.610.025 226.219.37 0. Carthamus Chrysant Spray .394 6.107 34.765 7.794.37 32.100 8.30 68.421.590 43.045 Total 51.806 0.701.958 1.100 2.32 0.14 0.982 0.775 0.13 0.306.828 441.720 35.23 7.33 256.29 0.21 0.485.654.277 15.14 0.562.Group Name Rose Large Rose large Rose large Rose large Rose large Rose large Rose large Rose large Rose large Rose large Rose large Rose large Rose Small Rose Small Rose Small Rose Small Rose Small Rose Small Rose Small Rose Small Rose Small Rose Small Rose small Rose Small Rose Spray Rudbeckia Ruscus Solidago Trachelium Tulip Veronica Wax Flower Cut Flowe rs Import Group Name Cut Flowe rs Alstroemeria Ammi majus Anemone Aster Carnations Spray Carnations Stan .002.990 Qnt_2008 Qnt_2007 P_09 P_08 P_07 1.11 12.610 7.230.726.504 25.34 0.855 0.12 36.16 0.070 46.14 8.263.32 86.841.269.13 47.697.497.475.735 38.17 0.557 54.10 45.518.29 49.632 50.24 19.329 Total 29.875.11 0.740 Total 11.111.670 13.378.21 0.900.690.08 0.33 0.415.26 69.16 0.20 106.406.372.224.24 0.10 0.462 0.992.15 15.09 0.731.500 Total 10.410.10 21.980 430.251 Total 1.240 102.356.25 0.19 0.15 0.10 0.581 0.895 0.982 0.322.055.544.18 0.319.634.361.278 0.794.246.244 0.313.188 0.890 27.781.683 235.928.831 Total 1.324.12 0.14 0.679.16 0.374.16 Qnt_2008 Qnt_2007 P_09 P_08 P_07 2.961 Total 1.841 31.800 33.12 5.53 25.380 0.455 0.381 50.31 0.207 0.918. Delphinium Eustoma Gerbera Large Gerbera Mini Gladiolus Big Gypsophila Helianthus Hypericum Leucadendron Liatris Product Name Total Akito Aqua ! Avalanche + El Toro Grand Prix Happy Hour Ilios! Marie -Claire ! Passion Sphinx Vendela Total Bibi! Candid Proph Chelsea Escimo Kerio + Mixed Colors Pistache ! Poeme ! Red Calypso Sunnysher Viva! Total Total Total Total Total Total Total Total Qnt_2009 1.25 0.33 20.14 0.746.872.152 0.859 0.848.699.11 0.274 97.606.10 0.507 0.23 0.113 46.429 59.25 1.910 15.696 34.22 89.414.575 0.590 34.162 55.076 0.12 0.546 5.287.075 0.391.236.12 33.587 0.577 0.232 21.22 31.710.987.493 29.611 0.040 Total 4.512.287.031.353 1.025.086 13.890.749 67.23 0.310 12.825.131.15 0.11 0.15 21.470 Total 78.31 0.828 86.146 16.34 466.19 0.080 40.596 Total 1.566.31 0.756.550.485 91.055 32.18 0.948.24 0.10 0.07 0.102 0.26 6.825.10 0.361.560 0.29 0.945 Total 9.979.14 0.537 17.52 0.143.14 2.11 49.706.944.15 0.836.097.934.647.618.390.135 14.10 0.460 0.328.750 21.19 0.760.09 0.11 7.425.700 9.13 13.10 8.227.892 63.42 0.571 41.013 0.26 0.239.422.863 Total 5.16 6.241 Total 77.600 32.047.12 1.35 0.015 820.343.831 0.875 0.455.545 0.21 0.455 10.496.19 0.14 0.568.766.582 0.069.14 31.36 0.31 0.795 3.33 0.10 0.23 0.248.257 36.052 10.09 0.18 0.11 0.763 0.13 0.300 0.085.600 12.627.20 0.828.450 8.290.12 11.020 0.

16 0.548.800 9.922 53.355.538 35.17 0.968.778.492.917.019.759.18 29.14 0.12 0.410 25.180 34.265 21.740 195.19 0.20 0.640 19.22 18.622 12.525 768.700 0.12 10.62 0.20 176.065 26.965 0.17 0.837 7.702.13 0.11 0.768.219.15 0.250 0.514.115.498.281 0.28 21.455 33.053.473.17 0.14 13.065.18 0.960 0.101.912 26.18 0.280 0.13 0.888.770 31.371 6.13 0.597 11.341 0.74 0.729.335 0.320 11.313.950 35.26 28.881.614.11 0.14 0.113.550 105.14 0.970 25.674.123.441 0.770.300.491.270 380.41 0.764 15.11 40.995 35.28 0.595 0.240 0.23 0.404.14 0.081 230.125 0.611.650.08 0.814.338 7.895 51.552.632.609 16.12 593.09 0.11 7.17 29.931.10 0.775.223.585 19.480 0.10 0.10 0.14 728.12 25.30 0.450 12.027.525 27.471 5.009 38.698.09 49.425 7.717.13 10.988.140 14.295 0.803.238 15.252 12.676 14.542.986.783.744.505 1.611 0.16 0.17 35.16 0.336 30.053 13.14 0.760 23.17 0.838.381 40.992 28.239 32.154.646 10.685 28.28 0.685.611.10 0.Group Name Lilium Asiatic Lilium LA Lilium Longiflor .540 3.28 0.20 0.052.516.437 0.405 4.19 0.23 0.661 0.12 0.406 21.340 0.268 0.370 18.227.441.16 288.511.11 15.954 17.10 0.390 45.23 0.10 0.10 0.12 24.17 0.030 41.31 37.17 0.272.10 0.16  24 Market News Service Cut Flowers and Ornamental Plants .314.740 18. Lilium Oriental Limonium Nerine Ornithogalum Protea Ranunculus Rose Large Rose large Rose large Rose large Rose large Rose large Rose large Rose large Rose large Rose large Rose large Rose large Rose Small Rose Small Rose Small Rose Small Rose Small Rose Small Rose Small Rose Small Rose Small Rose Small Rose small Rose Small Rose Spray Rudbeckia Ruscus Solidago Trachelium Tulip Veronica Wax Flower Product Name Total Total Total Total Total Total Total Total Total Total Akito Duett High Society Inka Kiwi La Belle Marie -Claire ! Mariyo ! Mixed Colors Tucan Valentino Total Bibi! Candid Proph Chelsea Jambo Kerio + Mixed Colors Pistache ! Poeme ! Red Calypso Sunnysher Viva! Total Total Total Total Total Total Total Total Qnt_2009 30.15 1.649.28 9.664.054.070 32.14 0.876 7.22 0.895.12 0.136 0.16 22.850 0.11 0.064 36.12 16.310 0.13 0.025 0.664.361.910.15 0.427.010 31.733.654.07 0.880 0.996.168.209.960.152.362.386 169.633.21 0.12 31.18 0.15 16.120 0.19 0.24 0.07 0.371.15 0.995 455.013 25.21 16.15 0.020.295 0.17 0.417 Qnt_2007 P_09 P_08 P_07 151.526 25.470 0.18 0.815.46 20.482.890 21.965 185.16 0.661 0.09 0.11 0.13 0.623.344.760.538 5.730 21.380.15 424.527 16.620 0.23 0.782 33.781 0.817.12 0.14 0.429.397.21 50.19 18.211.368.30 926.521 14.26 0.769.065 0.10 13.11 0.955 690.090 0.16 10.12 0.980 0.12 8.122.586.270 Qnt_2008 264.554 419.196.977 24.530.14 0.984 3.525 0.435.222.15 16.581.041 19.21 4.14 0.16 14.081 220.764 14.12 0.062.190 1.474.918.055.20 85.380.300 0.280 0.18 0.17 0.16 27.722 0.251 0.328 16.595.331.084.338 0.637 48.30 0.40 0.

911.54 915.915 4.931 2.60 31.620 1.47 3.94 2.97 2.Plants.306 Dracaena Sanderiana 253.564 Schefflera Arbor .30 2.396 871.56 8.168 51.75 6.949 3.72 12.21 5.159 4.808 Aglaonema Maria Christina 37.259 Phoenix Roebelenii 222.645 Sansevieria Laurentii 412.09 1.602 1.70 3.745.188 Cycas Revoluta 796.160 45.72 59.67 0.42 1.825 3.568 168.42 35.41 0.43 0.52 0.673 3.10 1.60 116.831 Croton Gold Star 28.39 0.987 3.522 0.066 2.252 192.215 127.56 16.72 1.916 23.424 26.472 Sansevieria cylindri .357 Schefflera Arbor .382 1.91 0.452.67 6.305 3.588 5.99 1.642 0.40 4.17 4.237 110.752 396.90 4.239 1.977 Chrysalidocarpus Areca 2.524 278.10 993.786 Yucca Single cane 953.509.849 Ficus Binnendijk .378 2.52 0. Alii 68.015 1.97 15.52 28.45 0.83 0.23 2.696 48.621 3.92 474.604 53.04 121. Single Canes 2.88 0.52 56.62 4.01 2.932 Dracaena Fragrans Compacta 161.47 2.628 420.177 2.58 3.704 Croton Pictum 3.128 Dracaena Margina .42 0.396 91.945 76.12 2.662 2.08 2.71 209.247 65. Branched 38.836.688 Schefflera Arbor .708.776.770 5.71 0.62 0.370 2.83 66.028 Philodendron Red Emerald 27.01 1.469 0.74 36.55 1.679 Yucca Tips 135.61 111.070 2.67 170. Skyline 213.96 0. 25.650 Polyscias Balfouriana 4.321 22.31 68.003 260.09 36.345 0 878.377 6.534 413.09 1.27 2.343 0.791 Croton Gold Sun 29.65 5.585 Chamaedorea Eleg .207 Phoenix Canariensis 432.969 Qnt_2007 P_09 P_08 P_07 463.92 1.26 1.758 Yucca Branched 21.52 275.53 1.47 462.15 2.63 3.020 424. Wide Leaf 3. Gold Capella 286. Tips 151.501 495.780 2.36 15.143 Croton Aucubaefolia 9.46 0.59 4.80 0.659 3.079.96 49.43 0.445 16.560 Sansevieria Futura Superba 206.763 Dracaena Margina .796 1.171 42.256 330.73 359.447 Dracaena Deremen Warneckei .13 2.61 13.049 0.73 0.477 10.439 Cordyline Compac .578 6.444 0.566 0.333 409.26 3.79 3.40 0.944.42 255.56 9.75 3.55 2.12 1.47 0.190 Dracaena Fragrans Massangeana 137.069 Aglaonema Silver Queen Com .19 320.39 447.016 Ficus Benjamina Monique 14.908 Ficus Benjamina Golden King 79.83 20.92 2. Purple Strips 323.821 0.61 1.536 22.89 0.51 2.11 1.15 23.722 28.74 99.531 Dracaena Margina .38 4.31 507.91 0.07 1.607 2.289 Chamaedorea Eleg .813 3.74 85.865.47 8.27 Market News Service Cut Flowers and Ornamental Plants 25 .894 22.53 373.152 31.52 0.889 0.329 Cordyline Red Edge 21.41 44.708 2.080 Qnt_2008 486.604 0.373 12.997.69 0.951 6.117 Cocos Nucifera 14.921 59.458 Ficus Benjamina Esther 8.196.323 86.32 62. Bicolor 104.00 0.063 143.284 Ficus Benjamina Exotica 135.104 Ficus Benjamina Natasja 775.48 6.25 1.23 6.03 1.All Countries Group Name Product Name Qnt_2009 House plants Total 502.841.01 6.54 280.793 Ficus Benjamina Starlight 44.663 0.083 861.989 0.134 Ficus Benjamina Braid 66.611 0.378 Dracaena Margina . 4.683 0.54 6. Nora 386.58 0.37 5.05 27. Narrow Leaf 44.106 2.83 339.59 8.20 4.53 2.51 1. Compacta 110.36 1.931 17.72 2.