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Primary Texts
De, Shobha. Second Thoughts. New Delhi: Penguin Books, 1996. ---. Small Betrayals. New Delhi: UBS, 1995. ---. Snapshots. New Delhi: Penguin Books, 1995. ---. Socialite Evenings. New Delhi: Penguin Books, 1989. ---. Starry Nights. New Delhi: Penguin Books, 1992. Gokhale, Namita. A Himalayan Love Story. New Delhi: Penguin, 1996. ---. Gods, Graves and Grandmother. New Delhi: Penguin, 2001. ---. Paro: Dreams of Passion. Calcutta: Rupa & Co., 1991. ---. Shakuntala: The Play of Memory. New Delhi: Penguin, 2005. Hariharan, Githa. The Art of Dying. New Delhi: Penguin Books, 1993. ---. The Thousand Faces of Night. New Delhi: Penguin, 1992. ---. When Dreams Travel. New Delhi: Picador India, 1999. Nair, Anita. Ladies Coupé: A Novel in Parts. New Delhi: Penguin Books, 2001. ---. Mistress. New Delhi: Penguin, 2005. ---. Satyr of the Subway: Urban Tales. New Delhi: Penguin Books, 2006. Roy, Arundhati. The God of Small Things. New Delhi: Penguin Books, 2002.

Secondary Texts
Abraham, Leena. “Redrawing the Laxman Rekha: Gender Differences and Cultural Constructions in Youth Sexuality in Urban India.” Srivastava 209-241. Adorno, T. and Max Horkheimer. “The Culture Industry: Enlightenment a Mass Deception.” Dialectic of Enlightenment. New York: Continuum Books, 1996. 120-167. Ahmad, Aijaz. “Reading Arundhati Roy Politically.” Prasad 32-43. Altekar, A.S. The Position of Women in Hindu Civilization: From Prehistoric Times to the Present Day. Delhi: Motilal Banarsidass, 1987. Anand, T. S. “Paro – A Psychological Approach.” Indian Women Novelists, Set II Vol. VI. Ed. R. K. Dhawan. New Delhi: Prestige, 1993. 205- 212.


Antharjanam, Lalithambika. Cast Me Out if You Will: Stories and Memoir. Calcutta: Stree, 1998. Appachana, Anjana. Listening Now. New York: Random House, 1997. Armstrong, Paul B. Conflicting Readings: Variety and Validity in Interpretation. Chapel Hill and London: University of North California Press, 1990. Bakhtin, Mikhail/ V. N. Voloshinov. Marxism and the Philosophy of Language. Trans. Ladislaw Matejka and I. R. Titunik. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1986. Barat, Urbashi. “From Victim to Non-Victim: Socialite Evenings as a Version of Kunstlerroman.” Dodiya (2011) 119-128. ---. “‘The Medium is the Message’: A Study of Snapshots.” Dodiya (2011) 243-251. Barrett, Michele. “Ideology and the Cultural Production of Gender.” Feminist Criticism and Social Change: Sex, Class and Race in Literature and Culture. Ed. Judith Newton and Deborah Rosenfelt. New York: Methuen, 1985. 65-85. Bartky, Sandra Lee. “Foucault, Femininity and the Modernization of Patriarchal Power.” The Politics of Women’s Bodies: Sexuality, Appearance and Behavior. Ed. Rose Weitz. New York: OUP, 1998. 25-45. Barua, Gita. “Rise and Fall of a Star: A Study of Starry Nights.” Dodiya (2011) 174-179. Bassin, Donna et al, eds. Representations of Motherhood. New Haven: Yale University Press, 1994. Basu, Srimati. “The Bleeding Edge: Resistance as Strength and Paralysis.” Indian Journal of Gender Studies 7. 2 (2000): 185-202. Baudrillard, J. The Conspiracy of Art. New York: Semiotext (e), 2005. Beauvoir, Simone de. The Second Sex. Trans. H. M. Parshley. London: Vintage, 1997. Beck, Cheryl Tatano. “Benefits of Participating in Internet Interviews: Women Helping Women.” Qualitative Health Research 15: 3 (2005): 411-422. Belsey, Catherine. “Constructing the Subject: Deconstructing the Text.” Feminist Criticism and Social Change: Sex Class and Race in Literature and Culture. Ed. Judith Newton and Deborah Rosenfelt. New York: Methuen, 1985. 45-64. Bharat, Meenakshi. Desert in Bloom: Contemporary Indian Women’s Fictions in English. Delhi: Pencraft, 2004. Bharucha, Ferheiz C. “Paro: Dreams of Passion: Meaning Through Mediocrity.” Indian Women Novelists, Set II Vol. VI. Ed. R. K. Dhawan. New Delhi: Prestige, 1993. 213-219. Bhatt, Indira and Indira Nityanandam, eds. Explorations: Arundhati Roy’s The God of Small Things. New Delhi: Creative Books, 1999.


Bhattacharya, Pradeep. “Pancha Kanya: A Quest in Search of Meaning.” Part I & II Journal of Human Values 12.1 & 2 (2006): 1- 29 &107-135. Bhaya Nair, Rukmini. “Twins and Lovers.” Biblio: A Review of Books 11.5 (1997): 4-6. ---. “Twins and Lovers: Arundhati Roy’s The God of Small Things.” Bharat 176-198. Blood, Sylvia K. Body Work: The Social Constriction of Women’s Body Image. London: Routledge, 2005. Bonner, Frances et al., eds. Imagining Women: Cultural Representations and Gender.. Cambridge: Polity Press, 1992. Bordo, Susan R. “Review: Postmodern Subjects, Postmodern Bodies.” Feminist Studies 18. 1 (1992):159-175. ---. “The Body and the Reproduction of Femininity: A Feminist Appropriation of Foucault.” Jaggar and Bordo 3-33. ---. “The Cartesian Masculinization of Thought.” From Modernism to Post Modernism: An Anthology. Ed. Lawrence Cahoone. Oxford: Blackwell Publishers, 1998. 638664. ---. The Male Body: A New Look At Men in Public and in Private. New York: Farrar, Straus and Giroux, 2000. ---. Unbearable Weight: Feminism, Western Culture and the Body (10th anniversary edition). Berkley: University of California Press, 2003. Bose, Brinda. “In Desire and in Death: Eroticism as Politics in Arundhati Roy’s The God of Small Things.” Prasad 87-100 (2006a). ---, ed. Gender and Censorship. New Delhi: Kali for Women, 2006b. ---. “The Desiring Subject: Female Pleasures and Feminist Resistance in Deepa Mehta’s Fire.” Indian Journal of Gender Studies 7. 2 (2000): 249-262. ---. Introduction. B. Bose xiii- xlvi (2006c). Bose, Mandakranta, ed. Faces of the Feminine in Ancient, Medieval and Modern India. New Delhi: OUP, 2000. ---. Preface. M. Bose vii-xiii. Bourdieu, P. In Other Words: Essays Towards a Reflexive Sociology. Cambridge: Polity Press, 1994. ---. Outline of a Theory of Practice. Trans. Richard Nice. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1977. Bowlby, Rachel. “Domestication.” Postmodernism: Critical Concepts. Ed. Victor E Taylor and Charles Winquist. Vol. 3. London: Routledge, 1998. 786-805. Boyce Davies, Carole. “Other Tongues: Gender Language, Sexuality and the Politics of Location.” Women, Knowledge and Reality: Explorations in Feminist Philosophy


(2nd edition). Ed. Ann Garry and Marilyn Pearsall. New York: Routledge, 1996. 339-352. Buhler, George, trans. Laws of Manu. Delhi: Motilal Banarsidass, 1984. Burton, Richard F, trans. The Kamasutra of Vatsayana. New Delhi: Penguin Books, 1991. Butterton, Rosemary. An Intimate Distance: Women, Artists and the Body. New York: Routledge, 1996. Calasanti, Toni M. and Kathleen F. Slevin. Gender, Social Inequalities and Aging. Oxford: AltaMira Press, 2001. Cassale, Nira Gupta. “Bearing Witness: Rape, Female Resistance, Male Authority and the Problems of Gender Representation in Popular Indian Cinema.” Indian Journal of Gender Studies 7. 2 (2000): 231-248. Cazenave, Odile. Rebellious Women: The New Generation of Female African Novelists. Boulder & London: Lynne Rienner Publications, 2001. Centre of Advocacy and Research. “Packaging the Contemporary Woman in Television Fiction: Deconstructing the Role of Commerce and Tradition.” Ghadially (2007) 183-196. Chakravarti, Uma. “Conceptualizing Brahmanical Patriarchy in Early India: Gender Caste, Class and State.” EPW 28.14 (1993): 579-585. Chambers, Rose. Story and Situation: Narrative Seduction and the Power of Fiction. Manchester: Manchester University Press, 1984. Chandiramani, Radhika. “Pleasure Me Safely, Can You?” Menon 228-232. Chandy, Mini. “The Love Laws.” Bhatt & Nityanandam 83-92. Chatterjee, Meeta. “When Women Laugh: Humour in Namita Gokhale, Suniti Namjoshi and Arundhati Roy.” Bharat 121-141. Chaudhry, Prem. “Lustful Women, Elusive Lovers: Identifying Males as Objects of Female Desire.” Indian Journal of Gender Studies 8.1 (2001): 23-50. Chaudhury, Maitrayee. “‘Feminism’ in Print Media.” Indian Journal of Gender Studies 7. 2 (2000): 263-288. Childs, Peter and Roger Fowlers. The Routledge Dictionary of Literary Terms. London; Routledge, 2006. Chugtai, Ismat. Quilt and Other Stories. New Delhi: Kali for Women, 1996. Cixous, Hélène. “The Laugh of the Medusa.” Warhol and Herndl 347-362. Cixous, Hélène and Catherine Clement. “Sorties.” The Newly born woman. Minneapolis: Minnesota University Press, 1986. 63-132. ---. The Newly Born Woman. Minneapolis: Minnesota University Press, 1986.


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