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NURSING RESEARCH Nursing Research •Kerlinger - the systematic, empirical, controlled and critical investigation of ahypothetical proposition in relation

to a natural phenomena/ problem •Conducted to affirm or deny a hypothesis Phenomenon •everyday phenomenon that affects the nurse (eg. bacteria, drugs, physician)Phenomenon + hypothesis = research problem∟>(educated guess/scientific/ tentative answer)Without hypothesis there is no research problem, only a problem Major Characteristics of a Good or Major Research •Systematic -conduct research in a step by step process or procedure •Empirical -objective data should be observable/measurable or readily collectedusing your senses •Controlled/ manipulated -Methods/tool of controlling is research design •Critical investigation/fact finding investigation -In order to answer the data is by using facts. -Looking for human beings who can give us facts Purpose of Research in Nursing Profession [DEED] •Descriptive -observe, describe and record -gain richer familiarity regarding the phenomena -100% known to RN •Exploratory -Explore to those areas that are unknown -Observe more -50%-50% (50%known to nurses and 50% unknown to the nurses •Experimental -Active intervention, active manipulation -Want to find out cause & effect -Done something before observing results •Developmental -To improve the system of care for the your patient. -Develop and improve existing system Conducting research is for the benefit the pt or patient care/pt focus 1Florence Nightingale •Birthplace – Italy •Training Ground – Germany •Greatest Contribution – environmental Theory, training RNs in CrimeanWar Ethics of a Researcher •S –Scientific Objective – conductive research for a good purpose or object for your pt •C –Cooperation and Consent . Do not conduct data/experiment w/o a consent(legally the patient owns the chart. However the hospital owns the chart)

Moral Harm •Assault – mental fear/threat without physical harm •Battery – physically you harm the pt Restraint is never an independent nursing order •physical restraint – eg. conduct a study on HIV pt. Y or Mr.undeliberate physical harm •Commission – done outside the standard practice of nursing (eg. conduct a study on HIV pt. W Confidentiality – information acquired must be disclosed. but the pt wantshis name to be written in the newspaper as Mr. moral harm) usually done during experimentalresearch Physical Harm/ Negligence . Mr. you did not do somethingabout it. Privacy of the Informant (pt) eg. X.anything that requires solution thru scientific investigation. PTB. oSources of problem : C – concepts (Ca.•I –Integrity – worked hard on the research •E –Equitable – acknowledging works or contribution of others •N –Nobility – protect the rights of your subjects -Right not to be harmed (physical. Privacyof the information eg. but the pt wantsthe nurse should only know •T–Truthfulness – put only the data you have collected •I–Importance – importance to the nursing profession •F –Factual – facts or data •I –Ideal (follow the 11 steps of research) •C –CourageSteps in Nursing Research Process •Identification/formulation of research problem . MI) L . mental. Jacket •chemical restraint – eg. urinary catheter placed on the nose of the pt) •Omission – from the very start. use of psychotropic drug Moral harm •Slander – oral defamation •Libel – published or placed in the newspaper oRight to self-determination oRight to privacy Anonymity – identity of subject may not be disclosed.

essays. books. journals I– Issues E– experience .– literature.