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4/18/12

Steinhart-Hart Thermistor Calculator

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Steinhart-Hart Thermistor Calculator See our other Electronics Calculators. Steinhart-Hart Temperature Calculator Thermistor resistance is related to temperature in degrees Kelvin by the following formula: 1/T= A + B*ln(R/Rt) + C*ln(R/Rt)2 + D*ln(R/Rt)3 In the standard Steinhart-Hart equation the C parameter is set to zero. However, some manufacturers use all 4 coefficients. In the calculator below, you can specify whether to use this term or not, by just setting it to zero. Subtract 273.15 to convert Kelvin to Celsius. It's wise to do a quick sanity check by putting in the coefficients and the same value for Rt and R. If the result isn't 25C then there is a problem with the coefficients. Inputs: Coefficient A (K-0) Coefficient B (K-1) Coefficient C (K-2) Coefficient D (K-3) Resistance at ambient temperature Rt Measured resistance at T
Compute 0

(ohms) (ohms)

Results: Temperature (C)

The coefficients A, B, C are specified over a range of temperatures. Many times manufactures neglect to put these parameters on a data sheet, and so they must be computed by solving 3 simultaneous equations. The more narrow the temperature range, the greater the accuracy will be. Note that the equation is extremely accurate for individual thermistors which have their ABC coefficients individually determined. However, for a group of thermistors, the resulting temperature can be off due to variances in the lot. The data sheet should specify the tolerance in %C. Steinhart-Hart Resistance Calculator We can figure out the resistance at a given temperature using the inverse of the above equation: R= Rt*exp(A1+B1/T+C1/T2+D1/T3), where exp is the inverse of ln the natural log. Note that the values for A1,B1,C1,D1 are different than the coefficients for the equation above! This calculator will compute a resistance. Note that you can choose whether or not to use the third term, be selecting the check box. Inputs:
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and can be used to calculate Temperature between the specified temperatures.1/ T2) )) Inputs: Beta B R1 T1 T2 Compute (ohms) (C) (C) Results: R2 (ohms) Likewise.T1 ) Inputs: Beta B R1 R2 T1 Compute (ohms) (ohms) (C) Results: T2 Alpha can be approximated from Beta as follows: (C) www.com/Calculators/Steinhart-Hart-Thermistor-Calculator. and 25C for the temperature. Beta is temperature dependent. Alpha the temperature coefficient is often denoted as TCR on datasheets. Alpha is negative for NTC thermistors and positive for PTC thermistors. Beta is defined as follows: BT1/T2= 1/(1/T1+1/T2)ln(R1/R2) (Kelvin) Thus to calculate R2 you can use this formula: R2 = R1 / (exp( B*(1/ T1 . the resultant resistance should be close to Rt. we can compute a temperature for a measured resistance: T2= T1*B/ln(R1/R2) / ( B/ln(R1/R2) .4/18/12 Steinhart-Hart Thermistor Calculator Coefficient A1 (K0) Coefficient B1 (K1) Coefficient C1 (K2) Coefficient D1 (K3) (ohms) (C) Compute Your Ad Here Use this coefficient Resistance at ambient temperature Rt T Results: Resistance at T (ohms) It's wise to do a quick sanity check by putting in the coefficients. For example.phtml 2/4 . Beta and Alpha Parameters Most manufacturers will specify alpha and beta. for a beta specified between 25 and 85 it will often be denoted as B25/85. and the R tolerance at the ambient temperature.daycounter. and is specified between two temperature points. with a rated accuracy.

So we get maximum deviation when alpha is selected at the highest temperature in the range. www. (optional for calculating B) 0 Compute Steinhart-Hart Thermistor Calculator (ohms) (ohms) (C) (C) (C) Results: Beta B Aproximate Alpha (TCR) Thermal Time Constant The thermal time constant is a measure of how fast the thermistor can adapt to temperature changes.daycounter. we can use alpha (TCR the temperature coefficient) to figure out the temperature deviation: Delta(T)= Delta(R) / min(Alpha). Inputs: Beta Delta(Beta): Beta tolerance Delta(RT25): RT25 tolerance Min Alpha (TCR).phtml 3/4 . where a myriad of electronics manufactures are listed.com/Calculators/Steinhart-Hart-Thermistor-Calculator. If we know the Delta(R) at a given temperature. From the equation above we can estimate alpha from B at a given temperature. If you want to measure quick changes in temperature.4/18/12 Alpha can be approximated from Beta as follows: Alpha= -B/T2 *100 Inputs: R1 R2 T1 T2 T for calculating Alpha. Temperature Deviation Knowing the end accuracy of a family of thermistors can be challenging given the multitudes of parameters on a datasheet. OR Estimate Alpha at Temperature Compute (K) (%/C) (%) (K) (%) (%) (%/C) (C) Results: Delta (R) Resistance tolerance Delta (T) Temperature tolerance (ohms) (%/C) Manufacturer Links The best way to find electronic parts is to use our free Electronics Component Directory.1]*100 Where Delta represents the tolerance in %. Note that alpha is inversely proportional to temperature. The first calculation is the total resistance deviation: Delta(R)= [(1+Delta(RT25))/100)*(1+Delta(B)/100) . then a small time constant becomes important.

4000 W. Daycounter specializes in contract electronics design. Bluffdale.daycounter. Inc. Other Electronics Links We offer a broad range of electrical engineering calculators and electronics articles and tutorials. www. doesn't guarantee the result or accuracy of this free calculator.938. UT 84065 © Copyright 2004 Daycounter.phtml 4/4 . Do you need some help on your project? Contact us to get a quote. Inc.13940 S.801.4264 . Steinhart-Hart Thermistor Calculator Disclaimer: Daycounter. where a myriad of electronics manufactures are listed.4/18/12 Directory. [Employment] [Downloads][Articles] [Contact Us] Call us now at 1. All rights Reserved.com/Calculators/Steinhart-Hart-Thermistor-Calculator.