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TYPE OF DIFFERENTIATION QUESTIONS - BM

LA 1 :INFORMATION AND COMMUNICATION TECHNOLOGY AND SOCIETY

1. Differentiate between ethic and law Ethic 1. As a guideline to computer users 2. Ethical behaviour is judged by moral standards. 3. Computer users are free to follow or ignore the code of ethics 1. 2. 3. Law 1. As a rule to control computers users. 2. Law is judged by judicial standards 3. Computer users must follow the regulations and law. 1. 2. 3.

LA 2 : COMPUTER SYSTEM

2. Differentiate between the types and usage of utility programmes ( file management, diagnostic and file compression )
FILE MANAGEMENT - File management is the software used to manage files on a disk. It provides functions to delete, copy, move, rename and view files as well as create and manage folders (directories). - File manager performs tasks of formatting and copying disks, displaying a list of files on a storage medium, checking the amount of used or free space on a storage medium and etc

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DIAGNOSTIC UTILITY provide scan disc and defragmentation - A diagnostic utility program provide technical information about a computer's hardware and certain system software programs and prepares a report of identified problems. - Scan disc is used to (tolong carikan nota ini) - Defragmentation is used to (tolong carikan nota ini)

FILE COMPRESSION - Data compression utility is a utility that removes redundant elements, gaps and unnecessary data from a computer’s storage space so that less space is required to store or transmit data. - Zipped files is compressed files with .ZIP extension. A compressed file must be unzipped or restored to its original form before being used. Examples of file compression utilities are PKZIP and WinZip.

3. Differentiate between propriety and open source software. Propriety Software ( close source ) 1. The source code are not available to users. User have no rights to modify them and it is done by the company. 2.The company will responsible for the codes and with warranty that the software offers a stable system support if it fails or malfunction from computer threats like programming bugs and viruses. Open Source Software 1.The source code are available to users and they have the rights to modify them if bugs in the codes are found. 2. Open source usually comes without warranty. Nobody is responsible for the codes if there are bugs in it or fails to function.

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3. The software are licenced and users are not allowed to describe and modify. 4.Security is a major issue. Manufacturers will have to invest in an ongoing research against threats from hackers 1.

3. The software are not licensed and anyone is free to use, modify or even distribute the codes. 4.Security is not major issue because anybody have rights to modify the codes and it also cannot against threats from hackers 2.

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LA 3 : COMPUTER NETWORK AND COMMUNICATIONS

4. Differentiate between LAN, MAN and WAN LAN 1. Network Size - LAN is operated within a limited physical area and covers a small region of space such as at home, school, a single building or several buildings which consists of less than 500 interconnected devices. 2. Cost - A LAN uses the cheapest transmission media compared to MAN and WAN. LAN only uses communication media such as twistedpair cables and setting up a LAN network is cheapest. MAN 1. Network Size -MAN is operate in different sites within a large physical area, such as a city and companies that have several branches within the Kuala Lumpur city such as banks. 2. Cost - A MAN is quite expensive and might use the twisted-pair and fibre-optics cables and setting up a MAN network is more expensive than a LAN but less than a WAN. WAN 1. Network Size - WAN covers large distances such as states, countries or even beyond the border continents which cover the largest geographical area. . 2. Cost - A WAN might use costly transmission medias such as fibre-optics, radio waves and satellites, depending on their coverage. Setting up a WAN network is most expensive.

3. Speed - LAN is the fastest network than MAN and WAN with speeds 100Mbps and capable of transmitting data at very fast rates. 1.

3. Speed - MAN often acts as a high speed network (although not as fast as a LAN) to allow sharing of regional resources. 1.

3. Speed -WAN is still considered a fast network with speeds 20 – 2000 Kbps, but slower than LAN and MAN. 1.

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5. Differentiate between the three types of network topology. Bus Topology 1. The structure is contains a single central cable (backbone) and all computers and other devices connect to it 2. Host existence - Host is depends on network needs 3. Connection between nodes – It has no connection between the nodes. 4. If Host failure network can still run 5. If Node failure network can still run 6. Troubleshooting is difficult. Need to search for the problematic node one by one Ring Topology 1. The structure is all computers and other devices are connected in a circle 2. Host existence - Host is depends on network needs 3. Connection between nodesThere is connection between nodes 4. If Host failure network will fail Star Topology 1.The structure is a host in the center and all nodes are connected to it

2. Host existence - Host is compulsary 3.Connection between nodes – It has no connection between the nodes 4. If Host failure network will fail

5. If Node failure network will 5.If Node failure network can fail still run 6. Troubleshooting is easy when one of the nodes fails. Repair or remove the failing nodes and the network will continue to function. 7. Adding or removing nodes –Difficult. 6.Troubleshooting depends on the host. It is easier to repair the problematic host. However, is difficult if the nodes fail, each node has to be searched one by one. 7. Adding or removing nodes -Average

7. Adding or removing nodes – Easy.

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Bus Topology

Ring Topology

Star Topology

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Diagram 1.

Diagram

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LA 4 : MULTIMEDIA

6. Differentiate between the characteristics of linear and non-linear multimedia characteristics of linear multimedia 1. One-way communication where user can control the progress of the content characteristics of non-linear multimedia 1. Two- ways communication where user can control the progress of the content according to what the user wants from the content.

2. Hypertext or hypermedia is not allows in 2. Hypertext or hypermedia is allows in linear multimedia because user cannot non-linear multimedia user can control the control the sequence of the multimedia. progress and sequence of the multimedia content by using hypertext - to connect a word or a phrase to another screen and hypermedia - to connects to different media elements such as audio and video. 3. Examples are television, Movie or VCD 1. 3. Examples are games, CD courseware 1.

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7. Compare and cobtrast the mediums of delivery for multimedia applications. * Web-based * CD-based Web-based 1. Multimedia can be delivered through Web pages 2.Involve the combination of multimedia technology and Internet technology. 3. Limitted in picture size and low resolution video. 4. To produce the multimedia program is takes a short time and less cost. Update the information is easier and cheaper. 5. Can be changed, damaged or deleted by irresponsible individuals 1. CD-based 1. Multimedia can be delivered through compact discs. 2. Involve only the combination of multimedia technology 3. Can store high end multimedia elements such as video 4. It is costly as it takes a long time to produce a complete multimedia program and the information can be quickly outdated. 5. Can be permanently stored and are not changeable 1.

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LA 5 : PROGRAMMING

8. Differentiate between SP and OOP approach Strucured Programming Approach 1. Uses a top-down design model means that the whole program is broken down into smaller sections that are known as modules. 2. Organising and coding programs computer is consence which means that control is passed downwards only through the hierarchy. 3. Examples are Ada, Pascal and Fortran. 1. Object Oriented Programming Approach 1. Uses objects which is combines data with functions. 2. No specific organising and coding computer programs means that programmer can create new modules without changing the entire modules. 3 Examples are Smalltalk. Java, Visual Basic and C++ 1.

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9. Differentiate between constants and variables. Constants 1. Constant is a virtual data container that stores information which the value will never change (remains constant) at any time during the course of a program 2. Examples of declaration, PI = 3.14 Variables 1. Constant is a virtual data container that stores information which value inside may change at any time during the course of a program 2. Examples of declaration, 9

mark = Val( MarkExam.txt ) 1. 1.

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10. Differentiate between the data types: * Boolean * integer * double * string Boolean Boolean type consists either a True or False value Integer Integer data type contains any whole number value that does not have any fractional part. Eg 1990, 14 Double Any number value that may and could contain a fractional part. String

* date Date

Any value that contains a sequence of characters.

Eg True, False

Eg 60.5

Eg “Ahmad”

11. Differentiate between mathematical and logical ( Boolean ) operators

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Mathematical operators 1. Notations that tell the computer to perform mathematical operations 2. Symbol or notation used are +, -, *, /

logical ( Boolean ) operators 1. Notations that tell the computer to perform logical operations 2. Symbol used are AND, OR, and NOT. Logical operator compares 2 conditions and returns a TRUE or FALSE value. 1.

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12. Differentiate between sequence control structure and selection control structure Sequence control structure 1. The statements are executed one by one in linear or consecutive order. 2. Use when want to execute code line by line 3. Does not use the decision symbol 1. Selection control structure 1. The different statements are executed for different conditions. 2. Use when want to implement decision making process in the program. 3. Use the decision symbol 1.

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