# MIET1081 Tutorials Semester 1, 2012

Week 2 Tutorial – Thermal Resistance Approach Pre –Tutorial Preparation 1. An important class of heat transfer problems for which simple solutions are obtained encompasses those involving two surfaces maintained at constant temperatures T1 and T2. The steady rate of heat transfer between these two surfaces is expressed as where S is the conduction shape factor, which has the dimension of length,and k is the thermal conductivity of the medium between the surfaces. The conduction shape factor depends on the geometry of the system only. A 5-m-wide, 4-m-high and 40-m-long kiln used to cure concrete pipes is made of 20-cmthick concrete walls (k=0.9 W/m.oC). The kiln is maintained at 40oC by injecting hot steam into it. The convection heat transfer coefficients on the inner and the outer surfaces of the kiln are 3000 W/m2.oC and 25 W/m2.oC, respectively. Determine the rate of heat loss from the kiln when the ambient air is at -4 oC using the shape factor method.

2. Fill in the gaps
0 2

What is

2

in terms of

0?

Consider this: 8 7 6 Q 5 4 3 2 0 0.5 1 x 1.5 2
2=

Enter the numerical values: at x = 0, 0 = 3 and so at x = 2,

A 3. Which drink will warm up faster? What phenomena occurs when the blanket thickness is extremely large. say 100mm? 2. and the average area for the conduction resistance. There are many ways to solve heat transfer problems. There is also 2-cm-thick rigid foam on the inner side of the wall.0-m-wide wall consists of a long 18-cm x 30-cm cross-section of horizontal bricks. 3. we can also use the conventional plane wall method. one wrapped in a blanket 10-mm thick and the other placed on a table in the same room.3-m-high and 6. 2012 So 2 can be defined in terms of 0 as an equation as: This is saying the initial value at plus the rate of change over (or multiplied by) the distance it changes. where you need to determine the correct surface area to use.MIET1081 Tutorials Semester 1. In the homework problem. Substitute in the values and check the answer! Now rewrite the conservation of energy in the x-coordinate from: ∑ = in out Substitute in What is your final equation? You have just derived the heat conduction equation in the xdirection ___________________________ In class tutorial problems and discussion 1. You should use the outer surface area for outer convection resistance. The inner and outer temperatures are 22oC . surrounded by plaster layers. the inner surface area for inner convection resistance. Consider two cold canned drinks.

k = 0. Tout 3oC). 17-68 Solutions to Wk 1 Tutorial 1. Assuming heat transfer through the wall is one-dimensional and heat transfer by radiation is disregarded calculate the rate of heat transfer through the entire wall. 2012 and -4oC and the convection heat transfer coefficients on the inner and the outer surfaces are h1=10W/m2.) The inner and outer surfaces of a 0.oC.026 W/m⋅°C for the rigid foam. and k = 0.) Integrate the one-dimensional Laplace equation twice to get the general solution. Area 1m2 are maintained at specified temperatures (Tin 10oC.oC) window per unit area (e.g.MIET1081 Tutorials Semester 1. respectively. What is the heat transfer rate by conduction and what is the amount of heat transfer through the plate in a 5 hour period? What would the heat transfer be if the plate thickness is doubled? For 5 hours if the plate thickness is doubled.72 W/m⋅°C for bricks.78 W/m.oC) with thickness of 1m are maintained at 30oC and 20oC respectively.) The inner and outer surfaces of a 2x2m square silicon plate (k 20 W/m.oC and h2=20 W/m2. 17-51. Suggested Homework Problems: Cengel & Turner 4th Ed: 17-33. k 400 W/moC. 17-53. 17-57.22 W/m⋅°C for plaster layers. Assuming the solid material is copper.5-cm-thick glass (k 0. then Q is halved and 3. Properties The thermal conductivities are given to be k = 0. Solve for the constants by defining either a temperature boundary condition Tleft 100oC Tright 50oC and What heat flux value imposed at the left wall would give the same physical behavior? . The amount of heat transfer through the glass in 5 h is to be determined. For 5 hours 2. 17-59 Cengel & Turner 2nd Ed: 17-35. 17-57 rd Ed: Cengel & Turner 3 17-36.