U.S.Department of the Interior U.S.

Geological Survey

MAPS SHOWING GEOLOGY, OIL AND GAS FIELDS, AND GEOLOGIC PROVINCES OF THE SOUTH AMERICA REGION.
Compiled by Christopher J. Schenk, Roland J. Viger, and Christopher P. Anderson

OPEN-FILE REPORT 97-470D

This report is preliminary and has not been reviewed for conformity with U.S. Geological Survey editorial standards and stratigraphic nomenclature. Any use of trade names is for descriptive puposes only, and does not imply endorsement by the U.S. government.

Portions of this database covering the coastline and country boundaries contain intellectual property of Environmental Systems Research Institute, Inc. (ESRI), and are used herein with permission. End users are permitted to use these data for their own internal use, including any derivative work, but are prohibited from using and distributing these data individually or in a derivative work to third parties.

AND GEOLOGIC PROVINCES OF THE SOUTH AMERICA REGION Table of Contents Preface Introduction Primary References Geologic Provinces of South America Region MAP SHOWING GEOLOLGY. Geological Survey Open-File Report 97-470D MAPS SHOWING GEOLOGY. GEOLOGIC PROVINCES OF SOUTH AMERICA MAP SHOWING OIL AND GAS FIELDS AND GEOLOGIC PROVINCES OF SOUTH AMERICA .U. OIL AND GAS FIELDS.S. OIL AND GAS FIELDS.

Geological Survey. Geological Survey Box 25046 Denver Federal Center Denver. World Energy Project) U. Inquiries about this CD-ROM or the Project's effort in the South America Region should be addressed to: Christopher J. CO 80225 Tel: 303-236-5796 Email: schenk@usgs. Schenk (Coordinator.gov .S.gov Inquiries about the U.PREFACE This is one of a series of products resulting from the World Energy Project of the U.S. Ahlbrandt (Coordinator.S. Geological Survey's World Energy Project should be addressed to: Thomas S. CO 80225 Tel: 303-236-5776 Email: ahlbrandt@usgs. South America region) U.S. Geological Survey MS 939 Box 25046 Denver Federal Center Denver.

and other tectonic and geographic data (see References). onshore. Department of State. Geologic province boundaries for the South America are delineated using data from a number of geologic maps. Guyuna. Geological Survey . Each region is then further divided into geologic provinces on the basis of natural geologic entities and may include a dominant structural element or a number of contiguous elements. and Venezuela. Brazil. Paraguay. Peru. For data management purposes the world is divided into eight energy regions corresponding approximately to the economic regions of the world as defined by the U. Bolivia. The goal of the project is to assess the undiscovered. technically recoverable oil and gas resources of the world and report these results by the year 2000. geologic provinces.pdf file (see section V below). the first digit is the region number. French Guiana. Suriname. It is attempted to number the provinces in geographical groups. Offshore province boundaries are defined by the 4000 meter bathymetric contour.S. Columbia.S. Trinidad and Tobago. Chile. offshore. Netherlands. and oil and gas fields of South America.INTRODUCTION This digitally compiled map includes geology. South America (Region 6) includes Argentina. Netherlands Antilles. Oil and gas field data from Petroconsultants International Data Corporation worldwide oil and gas field database are allocated to these provinces. Some provinces contain multiple genetically related basins. Uruguay. The map is part of a worldwide series on CD-ROM by World Energy Project released of the U. Falkland Islands. The geologic provinces are being further subdivided into petroleum systems and assessment units in order to appraise the undiscovered petroleum potential of selected provinces of the world. The list of the provinces sorted by Code is shown in Adobe Acrobat samgeo. . and combined on and offshore. Each province is assigned a unique number. Ecuador.

This map is compiled using Environmental Systems Research Institute. Inc. and are displayed as general reference only. Inc. Political boundaries and cartographic representations on this map were taken. All rights reserved. have no political significance.Specific details of the data sources and map compilation are given in the metadata file on this CD-ROM. Portions of this database covering the coastline and country boundaries contain intellectual property of Environmental Systems Research Institute. with permission. Inc. Smaller stratigraphic subdivisions of Phanerozoic rock are combined to simplify the map and to maintain consistency with other maps of the series. and are used herein with permission.1996 database. (ESRI) ARC/INFO software. Precambrian rocks are undivided. Copyright 1992 and 1996.. . Oil and gas field markers represent field centerpoints published with permission from Petroconsultants International Data Corp. (ESRI). from ESRI's ArcWorld 1:3M digital coverages. Environmental Systems Research Institute.

135-169.. unpaginated. v.. Gonzales.. Urien.M. 1997. Undiscovered petroleum resources of South America: U. R. F. The ocean basins and margins. Sedimentary basins of the Chilean Pacific offshore. chapter paginated. F. Hydrocarbon potential of coastal basins of Peru: American Association of Petroleum Geologists Memoir 25. Brazil. stratigraphy. R. and Pardo.G. S. and Stehli... 286. Short Course Notes. p. Committee on the World Geologic Map. 1998.REFERENCES Audemard.. 1994. Petroleum geology of Venezuela: American Association of Petroleum Geologists. Dallas. 1964.A. p. 331-338. p. F. Cainelli. July 15... and Allmendinger. 63-77. C. Rio de Janiero. Texas. eds. 6. Geology of the Amazonas and Parnaiba Basin. 732-749. Brazil. and evolution of Brazilian marginal basins: American Association of Petroleum Geologists Bulletin. 1973. 1975..M. the south Atlantic: Plenum Press. The ocean basins and margins. Structural framework. p.. C.B. and Zambrano. 66. 1.. A. Columbia continues to yield major oil. The Sierras Pampaneas of Argentina: a modern analogue of Rocky Mountain foreland deformation: American Journal of Science. T.K. J.S. 2 sheets. New York. 443 p.J.. v. in Nairn.G. 1.E. Bigarella.. April 5-6. p.. 1996. 1998. J.J. the south Atlantic: Plenum Press. Mordojovich. Jordan.. H. 1973. J.. G. 40-45. and Hunt. 1996. 732-749. eds. p. A. McGettigan. Geological Survey Open-File Report 94-559. H. no. A. 25-86. D.. C... 12. Studies in Geology. Part 2: 1998 AAPG International Conference and Exhibition Short Course. 1 . 1997. v. 1:5000000 scale. Suarez. Petroleum basins of South America: American Association of Petroleum Geologists Memoir 62. Brazilian Geology.M. 1982.G.J.. Travis.E. eds. The geology of the basins of the Argentine continental margin and Malvinas Plateau. in Energy Resources of the Pacific Region: American Association of Petroleum Geologists.W. and Stehli. in Nairn. W. and Lugo.U. C. and Welsink.. p. and Mohriak. p.. Tankard. gas discoveries: Oil and Gas Journal.E. New York. Ojeda.. 737-764. A. R.. Geology of Atlantic eastern Brazilian basins .. v. Geologic map of South America: Rio de Janiero. Kingston. 1981. November 12-13.. 1986.O. v.J.. J.

eds.M.. J.. 2 . C. 2 sheets. S.J. R.J. p. M. A... Map CP-39.. in Tankard.R. Geological Survey Circum-Pacific Map Series. 63-77.J. Yrigoyen. 1:10000000 scale. and Yrigoyen..R. 1991. 1995. Energy resources map of the Circum-Pacific region . Suarez.S.. Zambrano. H.. and Welsink. M. southeast quadrant: U.Urien. Petroleum basins of South America: American Association of Petroleum Geologists Memoir 62. Petroleum basins of southern South America: a review.

6001 6002 6003 6004 6005 6006 6007 6008 6009 6010 6011 6012 6013 6014 6015 6016 6017 6018 6019 6020 6021 6022 6023 6024 6025 6026 6027 6028 6029 6030 6031 6032 6033 6034 6035 6036 6037 6038 6039 6040 6041 6042 6043 6044 6045 6046 oceanic basins around South America Guyana Shield Brazilian Shield Brazilian Shield Brazilian Shield Andean Province Familina Province Canadon Asfalto Province Deseado-Falklands Province Tacutu Basin Solimoes Basin Amazonas Basin Sucunduri Province Parecis Province Xingu Province Parnaiba Basin Sao Francisco Basin Diamantina Province Araripe Province Parana Basin Guyana-Suriname Basin Foz de Amazonas Basin Santana Platform San Luis Basin Barreieinas Basin Caera Basin Potigar Basin Pernambuco Basin Sergipe-Alagoas Basin Jatoba Basin Tucano Basin Reconcavo Basin Bahia Sul Basin Espirito Santo Basin Campos Basin Santos Basin Pelotas Basin Santiago Basin Huallaga Basin Ucayali Basin Putamayo-Orient-Maranon Basin Acre Basin Madre dos Dios Basin Beni Basin Santa Cruz-Tarija Basin Oran-Olmedo Basin .

North Scotia Ridge Altiplano Basin Moquegua-Tamaruga Basin Salar de Atacama Basin Curico Basin Temuco Basin Osorno-Llanquihue Basin Diego Ramirez Basin Madre de Dios Basin Penas Basin Central Chile Forearc Basin Mollendo-Tarapaca Basin Pisco Basin Lima Basin Salaverry Basin Trujillo Basin Sachura Basin Talara Basin Lancones Basin Progreso Basin Manabi Basin Borbon Basin Cuaca Basin Choco-Pacific Basin Pacific Offshore Basin Upper Magdelena Basin Middle Magdelena Basin Lower Magdelena Basin Eastern Cordillera Basin .6047 6048 6049 6050 6051 6052 6053 6054 6055 6056 6057 6058 6059 6060 6061 6062 6063 6064 6065 6066 6067 6068 6069 6070 6071 6072 6073 6074 6075 6076 6077 6078 6079 6080 6081 6082 6083 6084 6085 6086 6087 6088 6089 6090 6091 6092 Chaco Basin Bolsones Basin Bermejo Basin Mascasin Basin Cuyo Basin Mercedes Basin Laboulaye-Macachin Basin Salado Basin Neuquen Basin Nirihuau Basin Colorado Basin San Jorge Basin Magellanes Basin North Malvinas Basin East Patagonia Basin Malvinas Plateau Malvinas Basin Burdwood Bank.

6093 6094 6095 6096 6097 6098 6099 6100 6101 6102 6103 6104 6105 6106 6107 Perija-Venezuelan Coastal Ranges Cesar Basin Guajira Basin Llanos Basin Barinas-Apure Basin East Venezuela Basin Maracaibo Basin Falcon Basin Bonaire Basin Cariaco Basin Tobago Trough South Caribbean Deformed Belt Sierra Nevada de Santa Marta West-Central Cordillera Lesser Antilles Deformed Belt .

For this project the world was subdivided into eight regions that generally correspond to the U. Ojeda. 87− 133. The South Atlantic: Plenum Press. Map CP− 2 sheets. Audemard and Lugo.S.. Yrigoven. passive margin was placed at approximately the 3800m isobath.000.M. F. the entire continent was subdivided into geologic provinces (Bigarella. C. Ojeda. and the oil and gas field centerpoints are used on this map with permission of Petroconsultants International Data Corporation. and these provinces were then ranked according to known oil and gas resources to provide a prioritization for the resource assessment. eds. 443 p.R.. Schmoker. whereas the offshore boundary of provinces along the eastern. R. Geology of the Amazonas and Parnaiba basins. 1981. The Ocean Basins and Margins. Yrigoven. T.S. McGettigan and Hunt.. Columbia continues to yield major oil. A. p. 732− 749. The Sierras Pampaneas of Argentina. The geology of the basins of the Argentine continental margin and Malvinas Plateau. v.F. Hydrocarbon potential of coastal basins of Peru: American Association of Petroleum Geologists Memoir No. 1973. D.M. Dallas. Petroconsultants. in Nairn.. p. 25− 86. v. Committee on the World Geologic Map.1973. and Lugo.M. J. T. tectonically active margins was placed at an isobath of 2000m. eds.E. Undiscovered petroleum of southern South America: U. Department of Energy. Travis. and the international market regions defined by the U.. v. 40− 45. and evolution of Brazilian marginal basins: American Association of Petroleum Geologists Bulletin. Ranking of the world’s oil and gas provinces by known petroleum volumes: U. G. although all the original geologic boundaries from the source map are included here. 1986. Geological Survey Open− File Report 97− 463. ArcWorld 1:3 million digital database.. 1994. 1975.. New York.G. 1973. Geologic Map of South America: Rio de Janeiro. H. Petroleum geology of Venezuela: American Association of Petroleum Geologists Short Course Notes. 66. 1992.O. 12..000 scale..E. The offshore boundary of the provinces differs depending upon the location. Geological Survey. The Brazilian marginal basins..J. scale. unpaginated.. The provinces are being further subdivided into petroleum systems and assessment units that form the basis for the resource assessment.. one CD− ROM. R.S. Urien. p.... 135− 169. 1981. Inc. G. 1964. 25. Switzerland. 1982. p. New York. South America and Central America are included in Region 6 of the World Energy Project (Klett and others. H. 1. and Dolton. The South Atlantic: Plenum Press. Mordojovich. J.S. p. 1975. Mv K pC pC Q pC Mv Mv Mv pC pC pC Q Cv Cv K K S K K C K K pC pC Q pC pC Q Cv Cv Cv Cv T T CP CP Tr Tr K T pC pC K pC pC K pC Q D K K D S MCi Cv Mv Q J MCi Mv Q Q MCi Qv Cv PMi S Mv K PMi Mv Mv K K T pC Cv PMi Cv Q Qv T pC K K C K K K Mv Mv J OS K Cv pC T K C T PMi Q K Mv pC PMi PMi Q Tr Mv pC pC Q Q K Q Cv Qv Qv MCi MCi Q pC PMi K T PMi PMi PMi CmO Mv K pC pC PMi Q MCi Mv Q Mv Mv K Mv Mv Mv Mv Mv P T Q pC Mv K T T Q Q C D T C Q MCi Q C K T PMi PMi Mv JK K pC K K K K C JK JK JK JK Mv MCi Q J PMi MCi J Cv Q Cv MCi MCi J Cv MCi J Q Q Qv MCi MCi Cv pC T PMi T T CP MCi Cv PMi T Qv K Cm pC C K C pC pC pC Q H2O T Qv Mv Q CP Q J MCi PZ MCi MCi MCi Qv J T PZ Q PZ K K Cv PZ PMi pC K K K K K PZ MCi MCi pC Q MCi J MCi PZ Tr MCi MCi Tr P Mv Mv Tr PMi PMi Cv T T PMi pC T T Q T pC Q Q Mv MCi PZ JK K MCi Mv Q Q Q J MCi MCi J J J PMi J K T Qv PMi pC pC PZ Tr pC Q Q K Q pC JK K P Tr MCi T PMi PMi PMi PMi pC T PMi pC MCi PMi pC PMi PMi PMi Mv QMCi MCi MCi T PMi APZ MCi J Q Q PMi J J Mv J J J PMi T Q Q PZ T Q pC PZ pC Q PZ Q Q PMi PZ K PZ K Tr Mv Tr MCi MCi PMi J Cv PMi MCi PMi pC PMi pC pC pC pC T PMi Q PMi PMi Q Mv MCi Q Cv Mv MCi T K T T K JK JK JK Tr PMi PMi Q pC Mv K K K Q PMi MCi PMi J Q Mv Q Mv Mv J J Q PMi J MCi J Q Cv Cv MCi J J J MCi J MCi MCi MCi MCi Cv MCi J J MCi MCi MCi PMi K PMi Q Q K K PZ Cv T PMi PZ pC pC T Tr pC JK D S Tr Q PMi MAP UNITS Sedimentary Rocks Q Quaternary Q Q Q PMi pC QK PMi K pC PZ APZ PMi PMi Cv Cv Cv Cv PZ T PZ PMi pC Q P pC pC PMi PMi pC PMi pC pC Mv pC Q Q pC pC PMi PMi PZ T K K pC PMi PMi pC Cv PMi K PMi PMi PMi pC PMi K Mv Mv MCi MCi Q Mv Q Cv J MCi J Cv Cv Cv Cv Cv Cv Cv Q Q T pC pC Q T pC PZ K K pC Tr S MCi MCi MCi pC MCi MCi Q PMi PMi pC Q J J Mv Cv pC Q PMi PMi T K K K K Q Cv Q Q pC Q pC pC pC pC pC pC Q K K T Q K K Q P C pC PMi PMi J Cv J Q Cv Cv Cv Q Q pC K MCi PMi PMi Q J J Mv K K pC T Q K pC pC PMi pC Q Cv Q pC pC T T K PMi Tr T K K pC K Tr pC Tr JK pC Tr pC Q Q pC T T Tr K K pC K Tr MCi K T Tr MCi Tr PMi PZ Mv MCi PMi MCi Q Q T T T pC Tertiary T T PMi Q T Q J JK JK PMi K JK PMi PMi Q PMi T JK CmO Mv pC Mv Q pC Mv C Mv pC PZ PMi PMi PZ PMi Cv U Cv Q Cv PMi PMi PMi Q pC Q JK PMi JK PMi PMi K PMi Cv PMi PZ T PMi Cv Q Q T PZ Q PMi MCi MCi PMi PMi J PMi PMi K PZ pC J pC PZ T PZ pC PZ PMi PMi KT Cretaceous− Tertiary T PMi pC T PZ Q pC PMi PMi PZ pC T MCi PMi PZ MCi PMi Cv Cv MCi PMi T Tr PMi T PMi PMi PMi PZ MCi Q K Q Tr Tr Mv H2O K Cretaceous T PMi T pC Tr Tr Q PZ MCi MCi PZ U Tr D PMi PMi MCi PZ This map is preliminary and has not been reviewed for conformity with U. Structural framework. Sedimentary basins of the Chilean Pacific offshore. Using the geologic units and many other sources of data. 1.G. v. 6. and Allmendinger. 1997).000 39. Klett. Audemard. a modern analoque of Rocky Mountain foreland deformation: American Journal of Science. stratigraphy. Bigarella.. The Ocean Basins and Margins. F. 331− 338. and Pardo...J. 1997.S. Redlands. Political boundaries shown on this map were taken.B. A.L. no. J. 1996.S. The offshore boundary of provinces along the northern and western. 737− 764. Geological Survey editorial standards or with the International Stratigraphic Code. T. 63− 68.. Names most of the provinces reflect common usage in the literature.M. in Nairn. 1997).000 (Committee on the World Geologic Map. p. McGettigan. New York. Energy resources map of the Circum− Pacific region. in Energy Resources of the Pacific Region: American Association of Petroleum Geologists Studies in Geology. A. with permission.. False Northing: 0 CP APZ MCi MCi MCi T Q CP K K K MCi Cv MCi T Q U T Mm Mesozoic metamorphics MCi MCi MCi MCi Mv K MCi Mv T K K Q T T T T T T T MCi MCi APZ MCi K K K K K APZ MCi Mv PZm T T T Paleozoic metamorphics CP MCi CP MCi MCi K MCi APZ Mv K K Q T T K K K Q K MCi U ICE APZ APZ MCi K K K Mv K Mv APZ APZ MCi MCi MCi MCi MCi K Mv MCi K H2O J Mv MCi MCi MCi ICE ICE ICE K K APZ MCi ICE J pC Precambrian undifferentiated PZ K JK MCi K JK Q K K MCi APZ K APZ APZ MCi MCi K MCi K K MCi K MCi MCi MCi MCi MCi MCi Other Units H2O Water ICE Glacial Ice U Unmapped Area . from the ESRI ArcWorld 1:3 million scale digital world coverage and are displayed for general reference only. Jordan and Allmendinger. v. July 15.E. 1997. 1973. A.S. Travis and others. Environmental Systems Research Institute. gas discoveries: Oil and Gas Journal. F. 2 sheets. 1.W. 1:10.. Urien and Zambrano. Gonzales. and Stehli. 1964). Mordojovich. 1982. 1:5. p. 1991. The geology shown on this map is significantly generalized from the source map at the scale of 1:5.S. 1986... DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR U.S.. and Ponte.E. 1994.. Kingston.000. Geological Survey Open− Report 94− File 559. The purpose of this geologic map was to provide a simple base map upon which we defined the boundaries of geologic provinces of South America rather than to provide a detailed geologic map of the continent. Texas. California.W. 286.. in Nairn. 1973. 1996. Geneva. GEOLOGICAL SURVEY Q OPEN− FILE REPORT 97− 470D T Q T T J APZ Q T APZ K T APZ T T K T MCi Q U T Q MCi Mm MCi pC T T MCi K Q Q Q APZ APZ CmO T TrJ T T CmO T APZ pC TrJ T K K pC T K K PMi MCi Q Q Mm Q Q T Q APZ T T T Q Q MCi MCi MCi Mm MCi Mm Mm T T MCi Q Q Mm Q Mm Q T T K Q T PZMZ TrJ Q K TrJ K TrJ Q MCi MCi Mm MCi H2O MCi Mm Q Q MCi MCi MCi MCi MCi Mm Mm MCi Mm MCi MCi MCi Q Mm T Mm T K K Mm K T TrJ MCi Q Q T T T Q T Q Mm MCi Mv Q Q Q T T KT T T T MCi K K TrJ CmO pC K MCi PMi PZm PMi T K T T T PZm K K T PMi TrJ PZm K pC PMi PZm PMi T Q Q APZ APZ TrJ APZ APZ PZm pC PMi T T pC PMi T PMi K T TrJ PMi T T TrJ pC PZm pC PMi CP T PMi K K K T PMi Cv pC K pC TrJ PZm TrJ T K CP K T Q pC T T T TrJ T T K APZ K pC pC T PZm K TrJ TrJ PMi TrJ PZm PMi PMi K PMi PMi PMi PMi PMi PMi PMi pC pC PMi PMi PMi PMi PMi PMi PMi PMi PMi PMi PMi PMi PMi TrJ PMi T T PMi PMi PMi PMi PMi PMi PMi pC T pC K T pC K K PMi PMi PMi PMi PMi PMi PMi T PMi PMi PMi PMi PMi PMi PMi PMi T T T pC TrJ T CP T pC pC T Q pC TrJ pC pC 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pC PMi PMi pC PMi pC pC pC U PMi T Cv T CmO pC T PMi pC pC T pC CmO K CmO pC pC CmO K pC pC pC pC pC K pC pC K pC pC pC K pC Q pC K T K PMi pC Q pC T K T pC pC K T pC pC pC pC Q pC T K Cv T pC K pC pC pC pC T pC K K pC pC Q Q Cv T pC pC K Mv pC pC Q pC Q Q K K Q pC pC pC pC K pC pC Q Q Q PMi K K Mv T pC T K K pC K K T K K MCi Q Q Q T T Q Q T PZ K Mv PZ K Mv T K T Cv T K Cv Q K MCi K K K pC T T T T T Q MCi Q J S D C D Q pC pC T pC T T pC T T Q Q Mv Mv T Q K MCi MCi K Mv K Cv T Q Q Q Q K Mv CmO T D D Q Q T T K Mv T MCi MCi K MCi MCi MCi MCi Q T Q T T T Mv T K T K Mv MCi Mv PZ K Cv Q Q T pC Q K T T Q T T K PZ PZ Mv K J J U J U pC Cv PZ T Mv Q pC Q pC CmO CmO T Tr pC C J Cv J CmO T MCi MCi T Mv K K K Q MCi Mv J J K Q PMi C C Q S pC C CmO Tr PMi PMi T PMi K Cv T MCi T C Mv T MCi MCi MCi MCi K T Mv Q K K MCi MCi AD T pC T D Q S pC C C Q PMi Mv C Mv T pC Q K PMi K MCi AD PZ Mv Cv MCi K Mv K Mv TrJ J T Q C D Q C T PMi PMi PMi PMi CmO Q pC pC K T Q T MCi K Q AD MCi AD MCi MCi MCi K T MCi PMi U MCi MCi T MCi T T Q CmO Q T CmO CmO K CmO C T C K K PMi PMi PMi Q K K PMi PMi PMi PMi PMi PMi pC PMi T Q Q T J K Q AD K T T Q T T Q Q C CmO T Tr P C PMi pC PMi PMi MCi AD J TrJ T T AD MCi T T T J MCi TrJ MCi MCi T J T J Q Q CmO K CmO C Mv K CmO pC K AD J J TrJ T J K J T pC Mv Mv K K C C pC K K K K K PMi pC PMi pC PMi PMi pC T Q PMi PMi pC PMi Q TQ Q Q PMi PMi PMi PMi PMi pC PMi PMi T Q Mv Q MCi TrJ C CmO C K K K K pC pC K K PMi PMi T PMi PMi T Q Mv PMi CP TrJ MCi J CP pC C pC pC pC C T pC pC C J J MCi K K J MCi MCi J AD TrJ J J T J K Q Q Tr C Tr P K pC PMi pC Q PMi Cv MCi CP MCi TrJ CP K T PMi pCpC pC K T T J K K CmO PMi PMi Q PMi Q C C CmO T T pC Tr Tr D D PMi PMi PMi PMi T pC C T C PMi K PMi PMi pC PMi K PMi PMi PMi PMi pC PMi Q MCi K MCi J T CmO CmO CmO pC Tr Tr Cv MCi TrJ K T K K pC K CmO C K pC K pC C CmO pC T DQ K K PMi PMi PMi PMi PMi PMi K C pC pC T J J AD K J J J K CmO C C C C pC T T CmO pC C C C pC pC T pC T pC pC D C C D T T C S pC pC PMi PMi PMi PMi PMi PMi PMi PMi PMi C D K K J J Q TrJ K D PMi D D C pC pC CP CP J T pC CmO PMi AD K MCi K T J K C pC C T D Q PMi PMi PMi S K MCi Cv K MCi AD pC pC K Q T PMi pC CmO pC CmO CmO pC Q Q S Q D D PMi PMi Q Q K CP K TrJ TrJ K Q TrJ Q MCi MCi J TrJ J K TrJ AD MCi pC K K CP K J CP TrJ CP T T D pC pC S D PMi D K S pC T K pC CmO K CmO AD J K CmO C D CmO T pC pC Q T T T T CmO C D T D CmO pC S pC pC pC T T pC pC S AD Q pC pC T pC pC T K Q JK Q KJ AD CP Cv Cv JK K Cv Q JK Cv TrJ CP AD CP pC K T T MCi K CP K CP Cv pC C pC pC S pC pC pC K Q S pC P P Q T T P Cv Cv AD H2O TrJ TrJ TrJ pC CmO T T Q T D T T T T Cv AD T pC T pC pC K AD T K T T T MCi Cv MCi K MCi JK Q Q T Q Q J QAD TrJ T CmO K J MCi CP K K C pC CP K K pC pC T T pC T T T T T T KMCi Q Q Q J MCi MCi pC Q Q Q K PMi PMi pC Q J Q J AD CP T J K pC J pC MCi MCi J T T T pC pC PMi PMi S pC PMi K MCi MCi pC K Q Q JK AD CP MCi MCi MCi MCi MCi CP T K T K MCi T C K K T pC CmO C T T JK T T J K pC pC PMi pC PMi PMi PMi PMi PMi PMi PMi PMi pC PMi PMi PMi PMi PMi T MCi J K K MCi JK CP MCi MCi J Cv MCi J K T MCi S PMi PMi DK Mv DT C CmO pC pC Q AD JK MCi MCi MCi K K K MCi Cv K K T Cv J Cv MCi J T T K J K K T Q MCi K K CP MCi Q pC Cv K K C C T C K T K TMCi MCi MCi T QT D K pC T T D K pC T PMi S S K T K Q K Q D pC Q T Q T AD Q JK JK MCi J PMi K pC D PMi C pC S pC pC S pC pC T T CP MCi AD MCi J Q pC J T Q D K CD T D pC CmO PMi PMi T MCi JK Q K MCi J J J J MCi MCi J J K K Q pC T T J PMi Q T K J K pC pC S pC T Q C pC C C C D T K MCi K Q Q H2O Cv K K K K Cv K Q CP K Cv Q S pC K D K pC pC PMi pC PMi C pC pC Q S K K JK T MCi MCi AD T T AD MCi MCi MCi AD T T MCi AD T Q T MCi T T K J K C T Q Q CmO pC Q K Q Q K AD Q T AD AD MCi T Q MCi Q J MCi Q Q J MCi D D pC C K K K Q Cv pC K T Mv T MCi Q Q Q T Q Q Q Q MCi T MCi Q Q Q Q Q pC AD Q MCi J T Cv J Cv Cv MCi Q T T D D D CP K Tr P K K S S S pC T Q Cm J J Cv T D D OS OS K D K Q MCi T J Cv Cv J Q Q Q MCi MCi C OS D T Cv MCi D S Cv K D OS K K T OS OS T pC pC K K Mv K K pC pC MCi Q MCi Q J MCi MCi Cv MCi K Cv J MCi MCi Cv S Cv Cv pC MCi K J Q J C D K D D Mv K K K pC PMi Q K S Cv S Q OS K D CmO K S pC K pC Cv K Cv K Cv K pC PMi PMi J Mv K Q Q K K T K K D pC K Cv K Cv T Cv K D TCP S pC pC K Q K K S CP T OS K D K K CP S CmO pC K pC pC D K D S CmO CmO CmO D K C CmO Mv T K pC pC pC Q Q Q Cv K J Q CP CP K OS CP The digital geologic map and geologic province map of the continent of South America were produced for the World Energy Project of the U. C. and Stehli.. 1996.U. p. Ahlbrandt. The purpose of this project is to provide a quantitative assessment of undiscovered recoverable resources of oil and gas in priority geologic provinces throughout the world.. Department of State economic regions.R. F.A.G. The South Atlantic: Plenum Press. Jordan.000. M. southeast quadrant: U.E. and Hunt. T MCi MCi PMi D pC PZ PZ pC PMi K TrJ Triassic− Jurassic MCi MCi K MCi MCi MCi MCi MCi MCi K K K T pC T T J Tr Q PZ J T P pC P T CmO pC Tr Tr T APZ T T CP APZ PZ Q D T T P P pC T Tr T Tr Tr pC H2O Triassic pC pC PMi pC T T MCi APZ MCi MCi PZ MCi PZ MCi Tr K T PZ T K D D D J D PZ Tr T Tr Tr PMi K PMi pC pC PZ Tr MCi CP J MCi Q MCi K T PMi J K J APZ K Cv MCi MCi MCi PMi PZ J MCi Tr MCi PMi PMi T pC pC pC Tr pC Tr Tr PMi pC PMi pC T PMi pC T Q Mv K D pC MZ pC Q pC pC Mesozoic K Tr MCi K pC D T K K D K D pC H2O Tr D PMi PZ Q PZ K K pC K T K Mv Mv Mv pC pC PZMZ Paleozoic− Mesozoic Q T pC pC T PMi pC PZ Q Q Mv Q Qv Pv Q PZ Cv pC Q Q Q Q pC pC APZ PMi Q APZ Cv MCi MCi Q T K K pC K MCi Q K J Tr T pC PZ T Tr T T T T pC pC K Cv pC pC P Permian T Cv MCi MCi PMi K Cv T Pv K Q PMi T PMi PMi PMi MCi Cv Cv MCi Cv PMi MCi MCi Qv PZ K J J T T PZ pC PZ Tr QvQv Qv PZ Qv Qv Qv APZ PMi CP Q Q Carboniferous− Permian Q PMi CP K Cv Cv Qv J Cv PMi MCi K PMi Qv Cv J Qv Q Cv Cv K J Q Qv J T J K Qv T Qv MCi PZv Qv J pC PZv PZv PZv PZv K PZv T T T T T T T T T T Qv T T T T T PZ T pC T pC PZ T PZ PZ PMi T T Q T T T T T T T K K Q PMi K K Q K T T T T PMi T T T T PZ PZ PZ PZ PZ T T T pC T T T pC pC pC pC PZ pC pC pC T T Q T T T T T K Q Q Q APZ PMi PMi PMiMCi MCi T Cv MCi Cv MCi Qv Qv T J APZ Tr MCi K pC C Carboniferous Qv PMi APZ MCi MCi MCi MCi Q Qv MCi T J T T Q Q J Cv Qv Qv APZ Cv PMi Tr Cv PMi PMi PMi Cv PMi Tr PMi PMi Cv pC T Q T T T Cv T T J T pC pC T PMi T T Q PMi T T Qv J Mv Qv K Qv Cv D pC pC pC T pC pC PZ PZ PZ PZ PZ PZ Devonian Cv K Q K Qv T PMi T APZ T T PMi PMi Qv T Qv J Qv T MCi Qv MCi PMi Q Tr Q Qv Qv PMi Cv T PMi PMi T Cv Qv J Qv T Qv MCi Q Qv Qv PZ S Silurian Cv APZ Q PMi T PMi Cv MCi MCi Qv K Qv J T Qv K K T T PMi MCi Q Qv Cv J Qv Qv Q OS Ordovician− Silurian Q Q Q PMi T T T T APZ APZ Q MCi Q T pC PMi K J Q T T T Mv J pC T T MCi Qv Q Qv MCi Qv MCi Cv Qv MCi CmO Cambrian− Ordovician Mv APZ PMi PMi J Q T K Q Qv K Qv Mv Qv MCi APZ Cv H2O MCi PMi PZ PZ Qv Q J Q T Q Q Q Cv Q T T T Cm Cambrian APZ APZ PZ Q U T Cv Q Cv pC PMi PMi K Mv K T K pC pC K T pC pC K pC Q pC Q pC pC T T K Q Mv Cv pC K T pC PMi Qv H2O APZ Q MCi PMi H2O Q Mv Cv pC T Cv PMi PMi T T T AD Precambrian− Devonian Qv Cv T PMi Qv Qv K H2O Q Mv K T H2O U PMi PMi PMi T Cv Q Q T Q PMi Cv K Cv PMi PMi K Mv PMi T T MCi Qv Q Cv PMi Cv T PMi T PZ T Paleozoic Cv PMi U pC Mv Q Q T K Mv T Q T T Q PMi J Qv APZ PZ Q PZ Q PMi K T K T T APZ T Precambrian− Paleozoic Cv MCi pC Mv Mv PMi Cv Cv Cv pC Mv APZ Q Q Q Q Q Cv Qv Q CP J J Cv Cv Mv J Q PZ Cv J J Cv Mv K Mv Q K Mv K K Cv U Q Q Mv T Q QMCi J K Mv Mv Mv Q H2O K K Igneous and Metamorphic Rocks K T APZ Qv Q Cv Q Cv PMi Mv K K U T APZ MCi APZ Qv APZ APZ APZ Qv APZ APZ APZ APZ APZ APZ APZ APZ U APZ APZ MCi APZ APZ APZ MCi Mv T Q Qv T U U Q U K Cv Q Q K Qv Quaternary volcanics Mv K T Cv U APZ Qv K APZ APZ APZ APZ MCi MCi K MCi K H2O K Mv Qv K Qv K K K MCi H2O Cv T Cretaceous− Tertiary volcanics Cv APZ APZ APZ MCi MCi MCi MCi APZ APZ MCi MCi MCi MCi APZ MCi APZ APZ APZ T Q Q K T Q K EXPLANATION U MCi Mv Cv MCi APZ MCi APZ MCi APZ MCi Mv K T K Mesozoic volcanics Qv PMi Mv H2O Mv MCi MCi Q MCi Cv Q Qv K T T MCi MCi APZ APZ MCi Oil and gas fields MCi T MCi APZ MCi Q Q H2O MCi MCi MCi MCi MCi MCi MCi T T K K MCi H2O APZ T Mv T MCi MCi MCi Q MCi Q K MCi ICE Cv Q Mv H2O Pv K K K U Permian volcanics Q ICE K Mv Qv K Cv Mv J K Province boundaries MCi T K K Q Cv Mv PMi Cv Mv Q T Qv T T K PZv Paleozoic volcanics APZ APZ Mv K Qv T Qv K Mv Mv T T T T MCi MCi Country boundaries Geologic contacts Cv MCi MCi MCi K T MCi T MCi T MCi MCi APZ APZ Tr Mv Mv Mv MCi Mv Mv Q T Q T T T T MCi Mesozoic− Cenozoic intrusives MCi T MCi CP T K Cv Cv Cv T T T T Mv T ICE APZ MCi K H2O K Cv MCi APZ MCi Q T T T Q PMi PZ Paleozoic− Mesozoic intrusives CP MCi APZ MCi 6000 Province number CP K H20 H2O K K K T PZ PZ PZ PZ PZ MCi CP APZ T MCi CP T K T T PZi Paleozoic intrusives Cv MCi Qv MCi MCi APZ CP CP MCi T T Cv Q T T T PZ PZ PZ CP MCi K MCi T T PZZ P K T pC APZ ICE APZ MCi MCi MCi APZ APZ MCi MCi MCiAPZ MCi MCi K Mv K MCi MCi APZ MCi Mv MCi MCi K K K K K Km T Cretaceous− Mesozoic metamorphics Qv Bipolar Oblique Projection Units: Meters False Easting: 0. C. ESRI.1996. Kingston. Petroconsultants Worldwide Oil and Gas Field Database 1996: Petroconsultants International Data Corporation.. PMi PMi MCi APZ MCi MCi Cv APZ J Cv PMi U Cv PZ PZ PZ pC T PZ PZ T Tr pC PMi pC PZ T T T Tr Tr Q pC pC T T JK Jurassic− Cretaceous MCi APZ Mv J APZ J PMi Q Tr Q PMi J Mv K Cv pC T PMi Tr Tr Tr pC C PMi CmO T pC K Cv Tr K PZv PZ T pC Tr PZ PZ Q APZ PZv PZ PZ T Tr T Q PMi Tr Tr T PMi PMi T PMi pC pC Q Q J Mv Mv Pv Q PZ PZ PZ Q T J Jurassic PMi Mv K Mv Q K J MCi Cv Pv PMi PZ PZ T Tr PZ T T Q PMi Cv MCi Tr JPZ CmO CmO PMi PMi Tr PMi PMi T T T T T Q pC D T PZ Q T PZ MCi Asmus. and Zambrano. Oil and gas data were digitally allocated to the geologic provinces. The Ocean Basins and Margins. C. Brazil.G. A total of 106 geologic provinces were defined in South America.K. and Stehli. eds. The oil and gas data were obtained from Petroconsultants (1996). J..S. 1991.. J. v. Geological Survey Circum− Pacific Map Series.

1. F. C. v.. H. East Venezeula Basin. The purpose of this project is to provide a quantitative assessement of the undiscovered recoverable oil and gas resources in priority provinces of the world. Ojeda. C.K. from the ESRI ArcWorld 1:3 million scale digital world coverage and are displayed for general reference only.G. 1975. July 15. McGettigan and Hunt. The Ocean Basins and Margins. 1.S.000 scale. California. Oil and gas data were digitally allocated to the geologic provinces.S. with permission. The South Atlantic: Plenum Press. Yrigoven. 1981.. Mordojovich. Jordan and Allmendinger. A. 1986. Audemard and Lugo. San Jorge Basin.S. The Sierras Pampaneas of Argentina. 1:5. 1997. 286. Gonzales... Using the geologic units and many other sources of data. v. A total of 106 geologic provinces were defined in South America.L. southeast quadrant: U. Neuquen Basin. EXPLANATION Oil and gas fields Province boundaries Country boundaries 6000 Province number Bipolar Oblique Projection Units: Meters False Easting: 0. 1964.W.. Petroconsultants Worldwide Oil and Gas Field Database 1996: Petroconsultants International Data Corporation. v. Dallas.. 12. 25− 86. Geological Survey Open− Report 94− File 559. F.W.. The Ocean Basins and Margins.S. Urien. G. The Brazilian marginal basins. 87− 133.G. scale. 1997). 1994. 1996. and Lugo.E... Audemard. 1997). Geological Survey. eds. 1997). v. J. and evolution of Brazilian marginal basins: American Association of Petroleum Geologists Bulletin. 25. ESRI. p. Texas.G. T. Geneva. The geology of the basins of the Argentine continental margin and Malvinas Plateau. 2 sheets. The offshore boundary of the provinces differs depending upon the location. 1973. Schmoker. one CD− ROM. eds.. p. v. 1973. Mordojovich. A. R. and Hunt. Klett. The provinces are being further subdivided into petroleum systems and assessment units that form the basis for the resource assessment. Kingston. 1997. Inc. R. 1973. and the Tobago Trough. Map CP− 2 sheets.S. Geologic Map of South America: Rio de Janeiro. For this assessment the priority provinces in South America are Campos Basin.R.E. Petroconsultants. and Stehli. and the oil and gas field centerpoints are used on this map with permission of Petroconsultants International Data Corporation. New York. ArcWorld 1:3 million digital database. This map is preliminary and has not been reviewed for conformity with U. J.. The purpose of this map is to illustrate the geologic provinces of South America and the distribution of oil and gas fields. T. The oil and gas data were obtained from Petroconsultants (1996). J. Undiscovered petroleum of southern South America: U. GEOLOGICAL SURVEY OPEN− FILE REPORT 97− 470D This digital geologic province map of the continent of South America was produced for the World Energy Project of the U. 1986.S.. Travis.. Magdelena Basins. 1996.G.A. 1975. in Nairn. A. 1982. Geological Survey editorial standards or with the International Stratigraphic Code. Redlands. Political boundaries shown on this map were taken. Ranking of the world’s oil and gas provinces by known petroleum volumes: U. Names for most of the provinces reflect common usage in the literature.. and Stehli. and Zambrano. J.. F. For this project the world was subdivided into eight regions that generally correspond to the economic regions defined by the U.000 39.S. and Dolton. Bigarella. the entire continent was subdivided into geologic provinces (Committee on the World Geologic Map.. eds.F.E. no.. Ojeda. 331− 338. 1973. stratigraphy..J. and Stehli. D..M. Kingston. Asmus. 66. Columbia continues to yield major oil. C. and Pardo. 737− 764. unpaginated. G. South and Central America are included in Region 6 for the World Energy Project (Klett and others.000.B. F.000. p. Hydrocarbon potential of coastal basins of Peru: American Association of Petroleum Geologists Memoir No.. p. Geological Survey Open− File Report 97− 463. New York..E. in Energy Resources of the Pacific Region: American Association of Petroleum Geologists Studies in Geology. Environmental Systems Research Institute. 1992. Structural framework. Maracaibo Basin. 1964. Urien and Zambrano. H. 40− 45. 443 p. gas discoveries: Oil and Gas Journal. in Nairn. Sedimentary basins of the Chilean Pacific offshore. 6. Ahlbrandt. Llanos Basin. Putamayo− Orient− Maranon. The South Atlantic: Plenum Press. Bigarella. DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR U. Yrigoven.. McGettigan.M. Department of State and to the international market regions recognized by the U.. v. and Ponte.. 1:10. Brazil. A. The offshore boundary of provinces along the northern and western tectonically active margins was placed at an isobath of 2000 m.R. C. Santa Cruz− Tarija. 1994. Department of Energy. in Nairn. Petroleum geology of Venezuela: American Association of Petroleum Geologists Short Course Notes. 1996. The South Atlantic: Plenum Press.M. Geology of the Amazonas and Parnaiba basins. Jordan. 1. whereas the offshore boundary of provinces along the eastern passive margin was placed at approximately the 3800 m isobath.E. Switzerland. Energy resources map of the Circum− Pacific region. p.. p. T. 63− 68.J.. Geological Survey Circum− Pacific Map Series.S. p.. 732− 749. Magellenes Basin. and these provinces were then ranked according to known oil and gas resources to provide a prioritization for the resource assessment (Klett and others.S... Travis and others.M. False Northing: 0 . 135− 169. a modern analoque of Rocky Mountain foreland deformation: American Journal of Science.1973. 1991. 1981. The Ocean Basins and Margins. 1991.S.. New York. and Allmendinger.U. 1996.O. 1982. p.. Committee on the World Geologic Map. M. J.

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