Theory of Knowledge Vocabulary List: Know what these terms mean as they relate to the particular areas of ToK

and be able to use them in your essay and presentation—You will get a better score. P.S. All of these can be found in your Lagemann text
Problem of Knowledge 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. Argument adignorantiam Certainty coherence Common sense Confirmation bias Evidence Gullibility Judgment Mental map Open-mindedness Paradox of cartography Paranormal phenomena Relativism (know the dangers of and the strengths of) 13. Skepticism (what are the concerns associated with it) 14. Ways of knowing (what are they?) The Nature of Knowledge 15. 16. 17. 18. 19. 20. 21. 22. 23. 24. 25. 26. 27. 28. Authority worship Context Culture Expert opinion Indoctrination Information Justified true belief Knowledge by authority News media Primary knowledge Second-hand knowledge Sufficient condition Thick concept Urban legend

Ways of Knowing: Language 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13. 14. 15. 16. 17. Ambituity Back translation Body language Classification Communication Connotation Denotation Emotive meaning Euphemism Grammar Idiom Irony Linguistic determinism Metaphor Sapir-Worf hypothesis Stereotype Weasel words

Ways of Knowing: Perception 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. Common-sense realism Empiricism Figure and ground Phenomenalism Scientific realism Sensation Visual agnosia Visual grouping

Ways of Knowing: Reason 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13. 14. 15. Adhominem Argument ad ignorantiam Betting the question Belief bias Binary thinking Circular reasoning Confirmation bias Contradiction Deduction Double standards Enthymeme Equivocation Fallacy False analogy False dilemma

7. Empirical statements c. 15. 17. Analytic A posteriori A priori Axioms Conjecture Areas of Knowledge: Human Sciences 1. 30. 9. 10. 4. 5. 8. 21. 17. 13. 26. 25. 11. 4. 18. 11. 23. Anomaly Conjectures and refutations Controlled experiment Empirical Empiricist Falsification Hypothesis Law Logical positivism Paradigm Physics envy Principle of simplicity Pseudo-science Rationalist Relativism Science worship Scientism Ways of Knowing: Emotion 1. 14. 16. 9. 16. 9. 4. Bear market Behaviorism Bias Bull market Free-will/determinism Going native Holism Human free-will Law of large numbers Loaded questions Mirror test Nature-nurture debate Observer effect Phillips curve . 6. Deduction Empiricism Euclidean geometry Formal system Formalism Godel’s incompleteness theorem Goldbach’s conjecture Idealization Platonism Synthetic Theorem Areas of Knowledge: Natural Sciences 1. 14. Four kinds of proposition a. Paradigms as knowledge filters Areas of Knowledge: Mathematics 1. 8. Metaphysical statements 2. 2. 7. 11. 10. 5. Value-judgments d. 8. 11. 5. Analytic statements b. 32. 19. 10. 8. 4. 12. 3. 6. 2. 14. 24. 12. 3. 7. 3. 3. 7. Hasty generalizations Induction/inductive inference Infinite regress Lateral thinking Laws of thought Loaded questions Post hoc ergo propter hoc Premise Prison of consistency quantifier Rationalization Rhetoric Special pleading Syllogism Validity Venn diagram Vested interest Vicious circle 6. 13. 5. 12. 2. 2. Apathy Debutting intuition Emotional coloring Emotive language Empathy intuitions James-Lange theory Primary emotions Rational fool Romanticism Social emotion Stoicism Also know: 1. 6. 29. 28. 22. 31. 13.16. 27. 20. 10. 15. 9.

16. 19.15. 21. 3. 3. 15. 9. 14. 10. 11. 5. 2. 18. 16. 10. 6. 17. 8. 8. 12. Altruism Cultural imperialism Duty ethics Egoism Golden rule Moral absolutism Moral principle Moral relativism Other-regarding desires Relativism Rights Rule worship . 18. 14. Self-interest theory Self-regarding desires Special pleading Utilitarianism Value-judgment Veil of ignorance Concluding Chapter: Truth and Wisdom 1. 7. Bias Cubist history Economic determinism Empathy Great person theory of history Hindsight bias Primary source Secondary source Self-realizing expectations Areas of Knowledge: The Arts 1. 15. 4. 6. 11. 4. 11. 9. 10. 7. 8. 8. 4. Aesthetics Avant-garde Beauty Canon Catharsis Disinterested Expert opinion Forgeries Form versus content Kitsch Mimesis Areas of Knowledge: Ethics 1. 2. 5. 16. 3. 18. 9. 17. 20. 12. 19. Post hoc ergo propter hoc fallacy Reactance Reductionism Reductive fallacy Stream of consciousness Trends and laws Verstehen position 13. 5. 7. 5. 6. Correspondence theory Coherence theory Pragmatic theory Dangers of Relativism Dangers of Dogmatism Wisdom Good judgment Breadth of vision Self-knowledge Responsibility Intellectual humility Circular reasoning Communal reinforcement Cubist theory of truth Defense mechanisms Intellectuals virtues Learned ignorance Rationalization Selective attention Areas of Knowledge: History 1. 2. 2. 6. 4. 17. 9. 3. 7. 13.

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