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Blue is used several times in the bible on its own as well as in combination with other colors. We will first look at how it is used on its own. When the Ark of the Covenant was packed up to move, it was first covered with badger skins, and then a blue cloth was spread over it. The table in the tabernacle was also covered with blue as was the lampstand. The altar was covered in blue first and then with badger skins. This was the same way the instruments used to minister in the temple were covered. Blue was also used in the priestly garments. A blue cord was used to hold a plate on the priest’s turban. Blue lace was used to hold the breastplate on the ephod. The robe of the priest was all blue. Israelites were told to have a blue thread in the edge of their garments. In Ezekiel, blue is worn by the attractive Assyrian commanders. Obviously that last example is a little different than the others. When we see some of the combinations which involve blue that one will make more sense. For now, let’s look at these examples of solid blue. Numbers 15:37-41 says “The LORD said to Moses, "Speak to the people of Israel, and tell them to make tassels on the corners of their garments throughout their generations, and to put a cord of blue on the tassel of each corner. And it shall be a tassel for you to look at and remember all the commandments of the LORD, to do them, not to follow after your own heart and your own eyes, which you are inclined to whore after. So you shall remember and do all my commandments, and be holy to your God. I am the LORD your God, who brought you out of the land of Egypt to be your God: I am the LORD your God."And it shall be a tassel for you to look at and remember all the commandments of the LORD, to do them, not to follow after your own heart and your own eyes, which you are inclined to whore after.” It appears from this passage that the color blue was representing God’s commandments. There’s a sense that blue represents the scriptures and the law. It is interesting to me that while blue was the first thing to cover the altar and the instruments of service, the Ark is covered by badger skins before the blue covering goes on. I honestly have no idea why this is but it was intentional and has meaning somewhere. My personal theory is that the altar and instruments of service are part of the law and were covered first by blue. The Ark represented the presence of God and by not placing the blue representing the law directly on the Ark, this might show that the law is not supposed to ultimately be the primary way we reach the presence of God. That is only my personal thought. It is probably wrong, but it gives you somewhere to start thinking about it.
Scarlet/Crimson Scarlet and crimson seem to be used interchangeably, although they have different words in the Hebrew and Greek. There are five words used for scarlet and crimson. The first is Towla. This is an interesting word. Let’s look at how it is used. The food on the table in the tabernacle was covered with a scarlet cloth. Scarlet was used in the cleansing process. The water of
the woman representing Babylon sits on a scarlet beast. that we might live through him! Psa 22:6 describes such a worm and gives us this picture of Christ. The beloved’s lips are like scarlet threads in Song of Songs. In the Old Testament. fixing herself so firmly and permanently that she would never leave again. There is an obvious complexity we see involving sin and cleansing. From the dead bodies of such female scarlet worms. When the Old Testament refers to our sins being like scarlet and crimson. On the other side though. . also means worm. and scarlet. the crimson fluid stained her body and the surrounding wood. p. 73) It is fascinating to me that a word used to represent sin is also used in the cleansing process. In Lamentations 5 we are told that we are brought up in scarlet. their lovers will despise them. it is said in2 Samuel 1 that Saul clothed Israel in scarlet. which had scarlet in it. In Hebrews 9:19-21. The word for scarlet. This was used to describe the scarlet cord Rahab used in Jericho to be saved. It was no random accident that the colors represented what they did in the tabernacle. Paul says that the water of cleansing. it uses the word Towla. Scarlet was a rich luxurious color but it also represented sin. hyssop. It was a divine foreshadowing of God’s redemptive plan for the world. Isa 1:18)" (Henry Morris. Jeremiah 4:30 says that though they dress in scarlet. was the blood of the covenant. the commercial scarlet dyes of antiquity were extracted. This was probably scarlet dyed wool. which is used to mean sin. Another word used for scarlet was Shaniy. Baker Book House. What a picture this gives of Christ. This is because scarlet dye came from worms. My favorite use of the word Towla though is worm. she would attach her body to the trunk of a tree. Proverbs 31 says the noble woman clothes her family in scarlet. The eggs deposited beneath her body were thus protected until the larvae were hatched and able to enter their own life cycle. cedar wood. (cf. Biblical Basis for Modern Science. This complexity comes to a climax at the cross as the perfect son of God comes to Earth and bleeds crimson blood as He takes our sin upon Himself and washes us clean. shedding his precious blood that he might 'bring many sons unto glory' (Hbr 2:10)! He died for us. The word Kokkinos is used to describe the scarlet robe which Jesus wore right before His crucifixion when He bore our sins on the cross.cleansing was a combination of water. In Revelation. The water of the cleansing was used in the cleansing rituals for lepers and houses with mildew. "When the female of the scarlet worm species was ready to give birth to her young. scarlet represents the blood of the covenant which is used to cleanse us from our sin. As the mother died. This word seems to imply that there was a connection between wealth and scarlet. Without blood there was no cleansing. The vessels for incense and drink offerings as well as the bread which were on the table were covered with scarlet and on top of the blue. 1985. dying on the tree. Jesus took this color of death and turned it into a color of life. The water of cleansing represented blood.
Daniel also wears a chain of gold. I will simply give a list of things that are made of gold in the Bible. the word for purple is either Porphyra or a derivative of that. The offering was given to God and burnt. It is sort of an awe inspiring metal. I am going to mainly discuss gold as a result of this. God’s Majesty is called golden splendor. There are three things yellow is used for in the Bible: it is how priests determined if a house had mildew. Gold represents wealth and power. The table in the tabernacle was gold. the chariot and cherubim on the Ark. the cups in Esther are gold as is the golden scepter which king Xerxes extended to Esther. It was then considered holy. The altar was the altar of the King. The candlesticks were gold as was Jesus’ girdle. Revelation has a ton of gold as well. The Beloved’s hair is also described as purple in SOS 7:5. yellow hair meant a person had a skin condition. the altar. It seems to me like gold might represent the presence of God when it is used in the tabernacle and the temple. In the New Testament. In Job. The cords on the curtains of Xerxes in Esther are purple. The plate and the dish of incense were gold. Daniel uses gold a lot. Daniel 5 mentions gods of gold. Lydia was a seller of purple in Acts. and yellow was used to describe Israel in a positive way. so anything associated with the altar was purple. It had been offered to God. The utensils for the altar were wrapped in purple. the table for the bread of the presence. Everytime it is mentioned it either is used with royalty. the inside of Solomon’s carriage is purple. gold is also used to signify wealth so we also see it being used by kings of the nations who attacked Israel. The noble woman in Proverbs wears purple and silk. Jesus was also clothed in purple before His crucifixion. Since these are qualities of God. The incense bowls and the . The rich man in Jesus parable was clothed in Purple. For example. but it is always in combination with another color so I will deal with it later. He was given scarlet and purple. Purple is used elsewhere. Gold is used throughout the Bible though. purple was almost always represented by the Hebrew word argamom. In Song of Solomon. However. What we see here is that when purple is used on its own. The ashes were wrapped in purple. In the temple. Mordechai’s robes in Esther were purple. The earrings which Abraham’s servant gave Rebekkah were golden. it represents royalty and wealth. or the altar. The head of the statue was gold in Daniel. This word seems to carry a royal connotation. The most royal figure in the world took our sins upon Himself. it makes sense that there would be a lot of gold in the temple. Babylon was a golden cup in God’s hand. Yellow: Yellow is used only a couple of times in the Bible.Purple: In the Old Testament. The Kings of Midian were said to wear purple. A guilt offering was made of gold tumors and rats to end the plague of tumors and rats. The altar was gold and the rings on the ephod were gold. the king of the universe. There was a good amount of gold in the tabernacle. Idols are gold. and the lampstands were all made of gold. She helped start the Ephesian church. The 24 elders’ crowns will be gold. The bells and the pomegranate on Aaron’s robe were made of gold. The ashes from the altar were wrapped in purple.
The veil separating the Holy of Holies from the rest of the temple was these colors with Cherubim embroidered into it. Ratob is used once in Job and means green plant. Gold is worn by Babylon in Revelation and a golden measuring rod is used to measure out the New Jerusalem. The Israelites worshipped idols under green trees. We will now go through which items are these colors. but it’s one use in the bible is translated as green in the King James version of Esther. First. This combination is blue. as in a young tree. Pag is used once in Song of Solomon to mean green figs. Yaraq generally means vegetable or herb but also means green when being used to describe a vegetable or herb. Karpac generally means cotton. Raanon means green as in a mature tree. Chloros means green as well. It appears to me that gold is used in correlation with God’s presence. the curtains of the tabernacle are this combination as are the loop holes in the curtains. Now we’ll look at the use of a combination of these colors. This plant is ripped from its place among the rocks and represents those who have forgotten God. scarlet. Iach means moist or fresh and is generally used with vines and branches in scripture. In Psalms. The first is abiyb. The sashes on the seven angels are gold as are the bowls of wrath. It was used in Revelation to represent the pale horse. It also means flourishing and is used in the phrase fresh oil. purple. The corn offered as an offering was supposed to be green. There is a very common combination of colors in the tabernacle. It is also a symbol of wealth and royalty. Hoseah describes God as a green pine tree. There is a golden throne and a golden altar in Revelation as well. Christ’s crown is gold. Green: There are many words for green in the bible. We’ll start in the tabernacle once again. which represent new birth. Hygros is a damp living tree. and fine linen. specifically young grass as opposed to mature grass. This means it is also the month of Easter. It is only used once and refers to the time when Christ was physically with us as opposed to when He is withdrawn and the tree is dry. It is only translated as green in Psalm 23. It also describes the grass which is burnt up in Revelation and the grass that is not burnt up. It means green corn but it is also the word for the month of Passover. Later in the temple Solomon built. David uses this word in his last words when he says a ruler who rules in the fear of the Lord is as bright as the grass after the rain. Karmel represents green ears of corn or fruitful fields. a green tree is a metaphor for happiness. This word was used when Jesus made the people sit in green grass. scarlet and fine linen. the veil was once again . The embroidered door to the tent and the embroidered door to the court was blue. Yereq means green thing and generally refers to something edible. Yarowq is used once in Job 39 when it says that the wild donkey searches for any green thing. The curtains in the first feast were green or cotton.scepter are gold. The word deshe means grass. purple.
and sin and on the other hand an interweaving of the word of God. If we remember from earlier. These colors are actually always used in reference to Babylon. My analysis is by no means necessarily correct. These colors when used with God are beautiful representations of His character. green. and the pattern on the hem of the robe Aaron wore. and scarlet. gold represents the presence of God so it does not surprise me that it shows up on the garment Aaron wore when in the presence of God. Mordechai’s royal garments are blue and white. White. holiness. Babylon was used throughout the bible to represent sin. these colors which are beautiful in reference to God are sinful without Him. purple. Similarly. and blue are used together in the curtains in Xerxes court. This woman represents Babylon. These were probably just colors associated with the kingdom of Persia. It is significant that the veil separating us from God was on one hand an interweaving of royalty. blue represents the law of God. the breastplate of judgment on the Ephod. the law. The colors probably had significance. I used blueletterbible. This is a summary of the colors in the Bible. Christ fulfilled the law so the things represented in the temple can be seen in the character and actions of Christ. and scarlet represents sin and cleansing. and cleansing. the purple His holiness. The Ephod represented the qualities of God. I hope you use this document to think about and research the use of color in the Bible yourself. The blue represented His word. I hope you grow through this and do a lot of your own research. the nation of Tyre wears blue and purple. When they are used outside of God. Tyre’s merchants sell blue and purple. These colors probably represent wealth and royalty. This combination of colors includes gold as well in certain cases. The fact that it is associated with sinful nations shows that wealth and royalty without God is useless. purple represents royalty. I specifically encourage you to look at the use of color in the tabernacle and temple and compare it to Christ. In Ezekiel. It is seen on the Ephod itself. .blue. Blue and purple are worn by the sinful nation of Israel. This combination is primarily seen on the Ephod. and the gold represented His presence. it is just my own interpretation. If you remember. Once again. Once again these are probably royal colors. the sash around the Ehpod. the scarlet represented His cleansing. the colors purple and scarlet are worn by the woman sitting on the beast in Revelation.org for most of my research. Scarlet and purple in this case represent sin and royalty. they are sinful. which Aaron wore when he went into the Holy of Holies. but the colors’ meanings are probably rooted in Persian culture and I do not know anything about it.
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