Clara Osbeck FCS 3180 28 April 2012 Poverty Risk addressed with Family Life Education Many children

face disadvantages that can hinder their development. These disadvantages are called “risks” and they need to be addressed early or there can be serious consequences to a child’s development. These risks can deal with issues such as bullying, early or late sexual development, cognitive or social skill problems, and poverty. Luckily there are interventions that can be implemented to reverse the effect of these risks on children. I have chosen to focus on how children facing developmental risks due to poverty can be addressed using family life education. Children are extremely resilient. They can overcome the risks they face in their lives and can be successful in life. “Resilience is overcoming risk and adversity” (Resilience Overview, 2009). The Resilience Theory shows that children are able to succeed in the face of adversity. However, they are not able to succeed alone. Protective factors must be put into place to aid in support of children. Some protective factors can include a good support system, self-esteem, and economic resources. According to a study conducted by Douglas-Hall and Chau (2008), there are 28.8 million children today that live in low-income families. The greatest developmental risk that these children face is in relation to their education. Children who come from low-income families face many more challenges when it comes to making the most of their education compared to other children. This is

experiences. “Family life education is any organized effort to provide family members with information. Applying to college can be expensive. In a study conducted by Tierney. Constantine. but many of them may be doubly at risk because they are also first generation college attenders. and Hurd for the United States Department of Education. Poverty risk can be addressed by using family life education intervention. Having economic resources is an essential protective factor. A majority of parents of low-income families have little education. 61% have a high school degree or less (Douglas-Hall & Chau. 2008). There are a number of fees involved from college entrance exams to college application fees. There is hope for low-income families. or . Finkelstein. the two groups that face the highest barriers to college attendance are low-income and first generation students. This can be a burden on low-income families. Economic resources can range from money for college preparatory classes to college-educated parents with the knowledge of the college application process. These children face an extreme risk of not attending college and need extra help and support from the community and school system so that they are not held back by this adversity. Without this protective factor children are at an even greater risk for not obtaining higher education.because they do not have the economic resources as other children do. Not only are these children already at risk for attending college because they come from lowincome families. Bailey. This is because many of these parents do not have knowledge of applying to college and are unable to assist their children in vital college application steps. skills. The National Council on Family Relations (2008) issued a fact sheet on Family Life Education.

One of the ways that they can be helpful to low-income families is through their work in parenting education and their work in schools and educational settings. Children are able to succeed because of the support they receive from their home.resources intended to strengthen. In the school system they may give children the extra help they need such as help with applying for college that they may not receive at home. the National Council on Family Relations created a powerpoint presentation on Family Life Education. school and community. Family life educators understand the principles of family life education and are able to plan. improve or enrich their family experience” (NCFR. They key parts of Family Life Education are prevention. The wonderful thing about family life educators is that most of their services are completely free. Children that live in poverty face . They can help parents develop skills needed to best support their child’s development. Their objective is to enrich and improve the quality of individual and family life. In 2010. They offer many educational programs that are available to community members. implement and evaluate (NCFR. 2008). education and collaboration. While most children face risks to their development this does not mean that they will grow up to be unsuccessful. Family life educators may help parents of low-income families apply for programs such as Head Start. Family life educators work at schools by supporting the development of research based programs that may be implemented in schools. Because low-income families do not have access to economic resources. family life educators help people become more effective family members. Most children are able to succeed despite the hardships that they face. 2010).

http://www.org /publications/pdf/text_845. A.ncfr. (Summer 2009). Family Life Education Powerpoint Presentation. school and community relations. & Chau.org/cert/index.pdf. (2008). Children are resilient. M.” A National Center for Children in Poverty Fact Sheet.many risks to their education because they do not have as many of the economic resources as other children.asp NCFR. Assuring the Future: Family Life Education.pdf Resilience Overview..ncfr. “Basic Facts about Low-Income Children.nccp. http://www. (2003). FCS 2570 . References Douglas-Hall. Family life educators work with low-income families so that this effect can be reversed. http://www. NCFR (2010). but only with good home.org/pdf/public_policy/FLE_Fact_Sheet.

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