Laboratory 8
THE TRIAC & DIAC IN A PHASE CONTROL POWER CIRCUIT OBJECTIVES 1. To become familiar with TRIAC and DIAC devices. 2. To study the operation of TRIAC in a phase control power circuit.

DISCUSSION Thyristors are widely used to control power in numerous applications: • Phase Control • SMPS (Switch Mode Power Supplies) • DC-DC Converters • Motor Controls etc. SCR (Silicon Controlled Rectifier): One type of thyristor used where DC power is to be controlled. TRIAC: A thyristor used where AC power is to be controlled. A triac is similar to two SCR's connected in a reverse parallel configuration. DIAC: A silicon bi-directional trigger device in a glass envelope intended for use in triac and thyristor trigger circuits. The TRIAC is normally off but may be triggered on by a low current pulse to an input called the gate. Once triggered on, it remains on until the current flowing through the main terminals of the device drops below the minimum holding current. It is usually not possible (at least not easy) to turn a thyristor off while current is flowing. However, there are special types of devices called Gate Turnoff Thyristors (GTO) which are capable of this type of control as well.

References: - Robbins & Miller ch31 pp 1181 (diac), 1190-1193 (triac) And Example 31-4 p 1197, - Class notes and handouts & Component Data Sheets


Electronics Department, Camosun College

doc/ Electronics Department. CAUTION: 120VAC is a potentially dangerous voltage – treat it with respect! Be sure to disconnect the power before making any adjustments to your circuit. Carefully construct the circuit shown in Figure 8-1 below.Lab8 The Triac and Diac in a Phase Power Control Circuit Page 2 of 4 _____________________________________________________________________________________ LAB EQUIPMENT AND MATERIALS Oscilloscope Digital multimeter shared RLC bridge meter 1 Isolation Transformer 120V/1A 1 Triac Q4006L4 ( 6 Amps ) 1 Diac 1N5761 ( 28V .Elex248. R1b. Camosun College .22uF / 50 V 1 Breadboard Miscellaneous wires and leads 1 1 HP 54645A HP 34401A SR 715 TRIAC Q4006L4 Q4006L4 M1 G M1 M2 G M2 Procedure 1. Connect CH#1 and CH#2 of the scope to the points A and B. R2. and record their values below: R1a = _________ . R1b = _________ .36 V ) 1 Lamp 60 W/ 120V 1 Resistor 1 kΩ / 0. Using the DMM and RCL meter measure R1a. Connect the scope COMMON to point D. LAMP 60W / 120V A B R1a 1 K / 1W T1 TO 120 Vac R1b 100 K / 2W M2 C G M1 TRIAC Q4006L4 ISOLATION TRANSFORMER C1 0. 3. R2 = _________ .25W 1 Resistor 1 kΩ / 1W 1 POT 100 kΩ / 2W 1 Capacitor 0. and C1.22 uF / 50V DIAC 1N5761 R2 1K D Figure 8-1 E248lab08. C1 = __________ 2.

Minimum Phase Delay: 1) Adjust the 100 KΩ POT to provide minimum phase delay of the triac firing as viewed at the MT2 pin (at firing. 4) Note lamp brightness. Observe the RANGE of possible firing angles with 100 KΩ potentiometer (POT) set to zero and then 100 KΩ. 3) Sketch both waveforms on the same time axis (next page). 4) Note lamp brightness (brighter). Measure the diac firing voltage and record it in Table 8-1. sketch both waveform on the same time axis. Minimum Phase Delay Maximum Phase Delay Volts/Div = _________ Time/Div = _________ Volts/Div = _________ Time/Div = _________ E248lab08. voltage from MT2 to MT1 drops).doc/ Electronics Department. 2) Measure the phase delay (angles) and record it in Table 8-1.Lab8 The Triac and Diac in a Phase Power Control Circuit Page 3 of 4 _____________________________________________________________________________________ 4.Elex248. 9. 5. 2) Measure the phase delay and record it in Table 8-1. Diac Firing Voltage: Remove the CH#1 of the scope from point A and connect it to the point C ( the capacitor side of the diac). 8. [Note: R1 is different in each formula below!!] 6. Camosun College . Connect the circuit to a 120V AC source via the isolation transformer. 7. Maximum Phase Delay: 1) Readjust the 100 KΩ POT to provide maximum phase delay of the triac firing as viewed at MT2 pin. Record them in Table 8-1. 3) Again. Explain the differences between the computed values and the measured values for all data in Table 8-1 on page 4.

6 7 Phase Delay in a Triac-Diac Circuit Parameter Computed n/a n/a Measured Min.doc/ Electronics Department. Phase Delay Max.Lab8 The Triac and Diac in a Phase Power Control Circuit Page 4 of 4 _____________________________________________________________________________________ Table 8-1. 5 3. Briefly summarize your conclusion(s) for Lab 8. Camosun College . Phase Delay Diac Firing Voltage (32V±4V) 10.Elex248. E248lab08. Step No. 3.

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