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It meets your baby's needs in first 4 to 6 months, provided you are eating a healthy diet. The breast milk is the best milk for new born children because 1. Mother's breast milk is a complete food for babies. 2. It gives extra immunity to the body of the baby and protects them from illnesses. 3. It is hygienic as it is free from contamination and supplies nutrients to the infant in almost correct amount and proposition. A newborn baby needs breast feeding 8 to 12 times per day i.e. every 2 to 4 hours. The number of feedings will decrease as the baby gets older. When the baby reaches to four months age, he can be fed 4 to 6 times per day, at each feeding the child consume increased quantity as his need grows. Recent report in Epidemiology reports that the longer infants are breastfeded, the less likely they are to become overweight as teens. A baby should be breastfeded for at least first 6 months. If the child cannot take breast milk or if there is some problem in breast feeding, then fortified formula milk can be given. If a newborn baby does not start taking breast milk, then the milk from the breast can be taken out and fed to the child. Formula milk can also be given to such babies who need breast feed training.
Why Breast Milk is the best? 1. Breast Milk vs. Infant Formula Milk
Breast milk is better than infant formula milk. Although both breast-fed and formula-fed babies seem to develop similarly, scientists at the University of Illinois say that breast milk contains immune-protective components that make a breast-fed infant's risk lower for all kinds of illnesses, reports the June 2010 issue of the American Journal of Physiology, Gastrointestinal and Liver Physiology. 2. "Breast milk is responsible for higher IQ and leads to lesser chances of having diabetes, hypertension and asthma. It has long term advantages even when the baby grows up into an adult and therefore ensures longevity," says Dr Arun Soni, consultant at Sir Ganga Ram Hospital's Department of Neonatology. 3. Prolonged and exclusive breastfeeding makes kids smarter and improves their academic performance, suggests a research by Dr. Michael Kramer, Professor of Pediatrics and of Epidemiology & Biostatistics in the McGill University Faculty of Medicine, and published in the Journal Archives of General Psychiatry (2008).
Vitamin D & Breastmilk
The mother's milk is deficient in vitamin D, it containg only about 25 IU per liter. The American Academy of Pediatrics recommends that the infants on breastfeed should be given vitamin D supplements of 400 IU/day shortly after birth and continue until they consume ≥1,000 mL/day of vitamin D-fortified formula or whole milk. Consult your Doctor. Infants who receive vitamin D supplementation have an 80% reduced risk of developing type 1 diabetes over the next twenty years. Vitamin D deficiency makes the bones soft that can be easily bent in children of 6 to 18 months age.
vitamin d deficiency symptoms
When to Start Giving Solids to Infants
The expert recommends that you should introduce solid foods when your child is 4 to 6 months old. But if there is a family history of food allergy and if the child is satisfied with breastfeeding, you can delay the solids until 6 months of age. You should not delay solids past 6 months as the breast milk or formula milk cannot meet out baby's nutritional requirement as the baby grows. The reasons for introducing solids are:
Note the growth of the baby. 2. If you observe any signs of food allergies. 2. the cereal may be mixed to a thicker consistency. Never give cereals in the bottle. 5. Guava when eaten with seeds provides roughage to diet can give relief from constipation. When the baby learns to control it in his mouth. Increase the amount gradually. chicken or fish before 6 months. Chewing develops the muscles required for speech. and nuts to prevent constipation. you should start solids. Do some regular physical activity. At first start with cereals of soft. and raw plantain powder cooked in milk. No meat. banana or avocado). 4. pear. carrot or zucchini) soups. figs. Then give second food and watch for any allergy. Eat foods with dietary fibers such as prunes. Week Give 2 feeds per day after breast or bottle feed. When your child start eating 1/4 to 1/2 cup at a time. Week Start with 1 teaspoon of cereal once per day after breast of bottle feed. 2. 3. Prevention Constipation in Infants and Children 1: 2: 3: 4: of Constipation 1. Points to Note for Solid Feeding 1. . No cow milk before 12 months. Eat an apple daily with its skin. because your baby's natural iron stores begins to decline. and mashed vegetables (pumpkin. Avoid starchy foods. at least 8 glasses of water daily. Start solids slowly with 1/2 to 1 teaspoon at a time. consult your doctor. the infant's weight should generally double his birth weight. First start with a single food and watch for 4-5 days for any food allergy. ragi powder. iron enriched cereals become necessary. 4. Start giving water to your baby. 4. Give soils after a breastfeed or bottle feed. 5. 3. fruits. Is Your Baby Ready for Solids Your baby is ready for solids when he has good control of head and neck. cereals. 6. mashed fruits (apple. suji (sooji. In 5 months time. Milk alone is not sufficient for energy requirement. you can give the solid food at the second feed. 6. otherwise you have a chance of irregular bowel movements. Some of the information on this age has been compiled from the Golden Circle (Australia) Fact Sheet on Feeding your baby solid foods. 7. Solid feeding 1. potato. 3. semolina).1. No eggs before 8 months. At this age. It has been found that children who are given cow milk before 12 months have a chance of developing type 1 diabetes as they grow. Reduce intake of foods with sugar and white breads and foods prepared with white flour (maida). If the baby wakes up during night or looking for more food after a full breastfeed. Week Add pureed fruits to the cereal for one feed and the other feed only cereal. smooth texture mixed with breast milk or formula milk to a thin consistency. Foods that can be given to the babies when they reach the age of 4 to 6 months are iron-fortified baby cereals. Week Add pureed vegetables as a third meal per day. Drink lots of water. 2. 3.
Home Remedy for Constipation in Adults You may use the following remedies for constipation. Juice Laxative: 14. 2. and 1/2 cup sauerkraut juice and drink. crush well and strain and give the child to eat. constipation. If it does not treat your condition. Black myroblan. sugar and organic acid in grapes makes it a laxative food. Indian gooseberries) and Behada (bibhitaki). one at a time for a week or so and see its result. Mix few drops of castor oil with a tsp of mother's milk or lukewarm water. 6. So mother should try to treat her constipation. Mix 1/2 cup olive oil with 1/2 cup orange juice and drink to cure constipation. Triphala is composed of Harada (haritaki). . hemorrhoids. You should not worry if the infant is not uncomfortable. Liquorice (mulathi) is a natural laxative. pictures. Put Senna pods (6 to 12 for adults and 3 to 6 for children) in water and drink this tea. unless the mother has changed her diet or taken any medicine. 4. Drink 1 liter of water in the morning before you eat or drink anything. New Born Babies or Infants: Stimulates the sphinctors (muscles) in the rectum of the baby by inserting the tip of a thermometer into the babies rectum and slide it back and forth. Next morning mash the date and drain the water. dysentery. but do it very carefully after you take mthe nadvise of your doctor. Metamucil is nothing but psyllium husk. When cool. Drink 1 Tbsp of corn syrup added to 4 glasses of water. If the baby is purely on mother's milk. It really works. Drink a glass of warm water with 1 tsp honey and juice of 1/2 a lemon/lime in the morning before you eat or drink anything. Heat rash symptoms. 12. dyspepsia. Chebulic myrobalan (Haritaki. You can try triphla capsules from health stores. Diabetic people should not use grape therapy. 3. For Babies: Give 2 tsp once a day of homemade ghee (clarified butter) with 1/8 tsp of sugar and juice of black currents soaked overnight in water. 5. 15. it will cure your constipation. Eating grapes tones up the stomach and intestines and relieves the most chronic constipation. Give this once a day to the child. heart-burn. and liver disorders. Eat at least 350 g of grapes daily. Bale fruit is the best natural laxative. piles. Drink 1/2 tsp honey in 1/2 cup warm water 2-3 times a day to cure constipation. 1/4 cup carrot juice. Put some curry leaves (curry patta) in hot water for a few minutes and then take out. Mix them with honey and eat. It helps to regulate bowel movement. 9. Harada) has been used in India for the treatment of diarrhea. Soak one date overnight in half a cup of water. 5. 1. Dip a small piece of cotton in glyderine and insert it in rectum. finely powdered and flavored. 11. 10. 4. raisins soaked in water can be used. 8. adjust the dose according to the age of the child. Amla (amalaki. Soak 6-8 raisins in hot water. you may try another one. Triphla is a very good herbal remedy for constipation as it is both a purgative laxative and a lubricating bulk laxative. Take 3 tsp of psyllium husk (Sat Isabgol) in milk or warm water at bed time. Mix 1 cup tomato juice. Chew a few sticks daily. 1. treatment and home remedies are given below. 2. Harar. 13. 3. 7. There are other herbs for constipation herbal remedy. The combination of the properties of cellulose. then it is highly unlikely that the baby will be constipated. This will give you great relief and over a period of time. Chebulic myroblan. Harida. Constipation in Infants and Babies It is common in infants that they do not do poo for 4-5 days. Drink 1 teaspoon of this water four times a day. If the mother is constipated. causes. Mixed castor oil (about half a tsp) with equal quantity of honey and drink daily. When fresh grapes are not available. then the baby may also show the signs of constipation.
armpits. In infants due to underdeveloped sweat ducts. prickly sensations like goose bumps. 6. The skin is covered with small blisters (bumps) (see the heat rash pictures).What is Heat Rash? A heat rash. causing itching and rashes. 2. so it is called prickly heat. The face. . 5. 4. because his sweat glands are clogged in those areas. shoulders. Some medications such as high blood pressure and acne medicines. abdomen. The heat rash in children look like adult heat rash. 7. The following heat rash pictures shows that the rashes can spread to a large part of the body. head. There is no inflammation in the rash but the rashes can be painful. The skin becomes very itchy and irritating and one cannot stop scratching them. The itching can worsen by heat. they become inflamed at the opening due to accumulation of sweat and natural oils inside the skin. When the sweat glands (ducts) become clogged or blocked by dead skin cells or bacteria. 1. (See the photo of heat rash) What causes heat rashes? 1. Obese people are more susceptible to heat rashes. red bumps. upper chest and groin in adults and children. The heat rash can be clear bumps. Prickly heat rash usually occurs in hot and humid weather during summers. in countless numbers. It generally occurs in covered skin parts such as back. Heat rashes commonly occurs to those who suffer from excess sweat. intense itching. Bacteria Heat Rash Symptoms The symptoms of heat rash affected are very clear. The heat rashes can happen to anyone of any age. The person may have little or no sweating at the heat rash affected areas. Infant's diaper rashes develop due to prickly heat. or Miliaria profunda. it is believed that people who eat things like pickles and mangoes in summer excessively. can have prickly heat. soles and palms are generally not affected. The main cause of prickly heat rash is poor hygiene. is a skin disorder that is caused by heat and sweat. Tight-fitting synthetic clothes of nylon and polyester trap sweat and heats up the skin. In infants. In India. heat rash is most common in babies since their sweat glands are under developed and do not function efficiently. Physical activity and hard work 8. What does heat rash look like? Heat rashes are tiny red bumps on the skin at the affected parts of the body. 9. However. 3. also called prickly heat (Miliaria crystalline. 2. so prickly heat is common in people who wear such clothes in summer. shoulders. Miliaria rubra. back. the rashes can be on their neck. in Hindi Ghamoria). armpits and groin. It produces prickly 'pins and needles' sensation on the skin. Prolonged exposure in the intense sun can cause rashes. 3. chest. neck.
11. apple. Severe cases of heat rashes can be treated at home with some care. children and adults. Prevention & Remedies For Heat Rash Once you have heat rashes. Do not cover heat rashes. Drink plenty of fluids. This will absorb moisture. allow the skin to dry in air. 12. rub ice on the affected area. Dark colors absorb heat. 10. The best protection against heat rash is its prevention. then you want to know how long does heat rash last and how to get rid of them. 2. Relief from Itching From Rashes 9.4. You can use a mild antibacterial soap for the bath. 7. 5 times a day. it has very soothing properties. eat water melon. 6. pineapple. lemon and orange. The treatment of heat rash is the same for babies. allow moisture to dry so that they can heal faster. You can use a cool compress by dipping a cloth in a mixture of one teaspoon of baking soda added to one cup of cold water. Do not use a towel after the bath. Rub the juice of a lemon over unbroken skin after bathing may help to prevent heat rash. Dissolve some baking soda or oatmeal powder in the bath water to treat itchiness. Vitamin A and C supplements can be taken. 13. 5. Sprinkle non-scented talcum powder or better corn starch or baking soda. 3. Heat rashes usually go away in a few days on its own without any medical attention. Following are home remedies for curing prickly heat rashes: 1. The person may feel fatigued and tired. Take an aloe vera leaf and take out its pulp. mainly water. 8. Take bath twice during summers to get rid of sweat and to prevent the rash from spreading further. Apply olive oil to soothe the rash. Stay away from the sun. Do not apply any creams that keep the skin warm and moist. Wear white and loose cotton clothes. . Apply it on the affected area to get relief from itching. Keep the skin clean and dry. Place the cloth over the rash for 5-7 minutes. Cool your skin with ice. Take ice in a cloth and put on the skin for a few minutes. Apply cucumber pulp on the skin. it has extremely soothing properties. 4. 14. Eat high water content fruits and vegetables to cool the body. Apply calamine lotion.
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