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Bacteria That Cause Human Disease Only a small fraction of the thousands of species of bacteria on the earth cause

disease in humans. Bacterial infection can be prevented by killing bacteria with heat, as in sterilization and pasteurization. If a bacterial infection does occur, doctors may treat it with antibiotics. However, overuse of antibiotics in recent years has enabled the development of strains of bacteria that are resistant to antibiotics, such as Mycobacterium tuberculosis, which causes tuberculosis. Bacteriu m Bacillus Bacillus anthracis Bacillus cereus Clostridium botulinum Clostridium perfringens Clostridium tetani Corynebacterium diphtheriae Escherichia coli Klebsiella pneumoniae Legionella pneumophila Mycobacterium leprae Salmonella species Salmonella typhi Salmonella typhimurium Shigella dysenteriae Shigella species Yersinia enterocolitica Yersinia pestis Anthrax B. cereus food poisoning Botulism Clostridial myonecrosis (gas gangrene) Tetanus (lockjaw) Diphtheria Diarrhea Bronchopneumonia Legionnaire's disease Leprosy Salmonella Typhoid fever Salmonella gastroenteritis Bacillary dysentery Shigellosis Yersiniosis, gastroenteritis Plague Disease

Mycobacterium tuberculosis Tuberculosis

Yersinia pseudotuberculosis Mesenteric lymphadenitis Chlamydia Chlamydia trachomatis Coccobacillus Bordetella pertussis Brucella species Hemophilus influenzae Hemophilus pertussis Coccus Neisseria gonorrhoeae Neisseria meningitidis Staphylococcus aureus Streptococcus pneumoniae Streptococcus pyogenes Streptococcus species Listeria Listeria monocytogenes Mycoplasma Mycoplasma pneumoniae Rickettsia Rickettsia prowazekii Rickettsia rickettsii Rickettsia typhi Spirillus Campylobacter fetus jejuni Spirillum minor Spirochete Treponema pallidum Vibrio Aeromonas hydrophila Plesiomonas shigelloides Vibrio cholerae 01 Vibrio cholerae non-01 Gastroenteritis, septicemia, cellulitis, wound infections, urinary tract infections Gastroenteritis, diarrhea Epidemic cholera Gastroenteritis Syphilis Campylobacteriosis (bacterial diarrheal illness) Rat-bite fever Epidemic typhus, Brill-Zinsser disease (spread by lice) Rocky Mountain spotted fever (spread by ticks) Endemic typhus (murine typhus, spread by rat fleas) Pneumonia Listeriosis, perinatal septicemia, meningitis, encephalitis, intrauterine infections Gonorrhea, pelvic inflammatory disease Meningitis Pneumonia, toxic shock syndrome, skin infections, meningitis Pneumonia, ear infections, meningitis Strep throat, rheumatic fever Scarlet fever, puerperal fever Pertussis (whooping cough) Undulant fever Meningitis, bacterial pneumonia Pertussis (whooping cough) Trachoma, urethritis, cervicitis, conjunctivitis

Vibrio parahemolyticus Vibrio vulnificus V. primary septicemia . parahemolyticus-associated gastroenteritis Wound infections. gastroenteritis.