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What is a PhD research proposal?

A PhD research proposal is a statement of possible research that a student proposes to study during his/her PhD course. Usually PhD duration is of three or more years, and therefore, the identified problem or area of research should be big enough to be studied throughout this time. What are the contents of a PhD research proposal? Although proposals differ in their writing style, some of the basic contents of a PhD research proposal are as follows: Title page: A title page should contain the name of the proposed research, candidate, supervisor (if known) and the department or school to which it will be submitted. Research Title: The proposed research title should be clear, precise and should summarise the details which are given in the proposed research. Introduction: A proposal starts with the introduction of research problem and some background information that supports or validates the existence of stated problem and need for the proposed research. Rationale or research questions: This section gives reasons for why this research is significant. It also put forward some questions which will be addressed in the proposed research. An alternative of research questions is hypothesis, which the student will prove or reject through his/her research. Literature Review: A literature review summarises the nature of studies which have been already done in the field of proposed research. It will bring out the gaps and arguments in the existing research that support the need of the proposed research, and how the proposed research will fill those gaps. Aims and Objective: Aim and objectives will highlight what will be the outcome of the proposed research. Methodology: Methodology section gives the details of how the student will carry out the proposed research. Here, student needs to provide information on data required, process of data collection, various possible data sources, data analysis, methods and techniques to be applied and research presentation. Ethical Considerations: If the research involves questionnaire or interviews with human beings, then international universities require an ethical approval prior to the beginning of the research. This is done to save the personal freedom and for the safety of the participants. In the research proposal student needs to mention that ethical approval will be taken prior to the beginning of the field research involving human beings.

time spent on literature review. writing and presentation. accommodation and conference participation etc. Conclusion: Some research proposals also contain a section titled as conclusion which restate the significance of the proposed research in the theoretical and practical world. primary and secondary data collection. such as. cost of any equipment required. . cost of field study. but this section contains detailed time table for the project. data analysis. If any other organisation is sponsoring the project then that information should also come in this section. Budget information include the amount of total expected cost both direct and indirect. Timeline: Usually most PhDs take three or more years.Budget: A few research proposals also require budget information.