PHYSICS

4531

Section A 1. A student carries out an experiment to investigate the relationship between the stretching force, F, acting on a spring and the extension of the spring, x. The results of the experiment is shown in the graph of F against x as shown in Diagram 1.
Seorang murid menjalankan eksperimen untuk mengkaji hubungan antara daya regangan, F yang bertindak ke atas sebuah spring dan pemanjangan spring, x. Keputusan eksperimen ditunjukkan pada graf F melawan x Seperti dalam Rajah 1.

(a)

Based on the graph in Diagram 1, determine the value of F when x = 1.5 cm. Show on the graph, how do you determined the value of F.
Berdasarkan graf pada Rajah 1, tentukan nilai F apabila x = 1.5 cm Tunjukkan pada graf bagaimana anda menentukan nilai F.

[2 marks ]

(b)

Hooke’s Law states that the extension of a spring is directly proportional to the stretching force acting on it provided the elastic limit of the spring is not exceeded. Based on the statement above, determine the range of the stretching force where the spring obeys Hooke’s Law. Show on the graph how do you determined the range of the stretching force.
Hukum Hooke menyatakan bahawa pemanjangan spring berkadar langsung kepada daya regangan yang bertindak ke atasnya dengan syarat had kekenyalan spring tidak dilampaui. Berdasarkan pernyataan di atas, tentukan julat daya regangan di mana spring mematuhi Hukum Hooke. Tunjukkan pada graf bagaimana anda menentukan julat daya regangan

[2 marks ]

1

0 2.5 0 3.5 1.5 3.0 1.5 1.0 0.PHYSICS 4531 Graph of F against x F/N 4.5 3.5 2.0 3.5 2.5 2 .0 2.0 x / cm 1.0 0.

the gradient of the graph represents spring constant. [ 1 mark ] Section B 3 . dalam julat dimana spring mematuhi Hukum Hooke. Determine the initial length of the spring? Panjang spring adalah 20.0 cm apabila daya regangan ialah 1. dimana k adalah pemalar spring.5 N. kecerunan graf mewakili pemalar spring (i) Determine the spring constant. Daya regangan.5 N acting on it is removed? Apakah yang akan berlaku kepada spring selepas daya regangan 3.PHYSICS 4531 (c) The stretching force. F diberi formula F = kx. Based on the formula.5 N.. k. [3 marks ] (ii) The length of spring is 20. k in range where spring obeying Hooke’s Law. where k is the spring constant. Tentukan panjang asal spring? [ 3 marks ] (d) What will happen to the spring after a forcé stretching of 3.0 cm when the stretching force is 1. F is given by the formula F = kx . Tentukan pemalar spring.5 N yang bertindak ke atasnya dikeluarkan? ……………………………………………………………………………………………. Berdasarkan formula.

h. [1 mark] (d) Give a reason for your answer in (c)? Berikan satu sebab pada jawapan anda di (c)? ……………………………………………………………………………………………. density of mercury = 13. h? [3 marks] (c) State the change to the mercury column . 4 .5 N 8.PHYSICS 4531 2. jika air diganti dengan alkohol? 10.. Tekanan atmosfera = 1 x 105 Pa] water (a) Calculate the pressure at Y due to water in N m-2. Figure 1 Figure 2 [1mark] 3...6 x 103 kg m-3 . Nyatakan perubahan kepada turus merkuru h. h ? Berapakah ketinggian merkuri. Atmospheric pressure = 1 x 105 Pa] Rajah menunjukkan tiub U diisi dengan merkuri dan air.6 N ……………………………………………………………………………………………. . Ketumpatan merkuri = 13. Hitung tekanan Y disebabkan oleh air dalam N m-2 [3 marks] (b) What is the height of the mercury column .6 x 103 kg m-3 . if water is replaced by alcohol . Figure shows an U-tube filled with mercury and water [Density of water = 1 x 103 kg m-3 .. [ketumpatan air = 1 x 103 kg m-3 .

Rajah 1 menunjukkan blok logam P digantung pada neraca spring di udara. Figure 2 shows the metal block P being immersed totally in water and the water displaced is collected by a beaker Q. [1 mark] (c) Name the principle involved in part (b) when block P is immersed in water? Namakan prinsip yang terlibat dalam bahagian (b) apabila blok P tenggelam dalam air? ……………………………………………………………………………………………………… [1 mark] (d) What is the buoyant force acting on block P ? Berapakah daya apungan yang bertindak ke atas blok P? [2 marks] (e) Calculate the volume of water collected by beaker Q? Hitung isipadu air yang dikumpulkan dalam bikar Q? 5 ..PHYSICS 4531 Figure 1 shows a metal block P is hung to a spring balance in air. Rajah 2 menunjukkan blok logam P ditenggelamkan sepenuhnya di dalam air dan air yang tersesar dikumpulkan dalam bikar Q [ Density of water / ketumpatan air = 1000 kg m-3] (a) What are the three forces acting on block P in Figure 2 ? Nyatakan tiga daya yang bertindak ke atas blok P dalam Rajah 2? ……………………………………………………………………………………………………. [3 marks] (b) State the relationship of the three forces acting on block P in Figure 2? Nyatakan hubungan antara tiga daya yang bertindak ke atas blok P dalam Rajah 2? …………………………………………………………………………………………………….

. 6 . (ii) Give one reason for your answer in part (h)(i).PHYSICS 4531 [3 marks] (f) Calculate the mass of the water displaced? Hitung jisim air yang tersesar? [2 marks] (g) Determine the density of block P? Tentukan ketumpatan blok P? [2 marks] (h) (i) What will happen to the reading of the spring balance in figure 2 if the water is replaced with oil? Apakah yang akan berlaku kepada bacaan neraca spring dalam Rajah 2 apabila air digantikan dengan minyak? ………………………………………………………………………………………….END OF QUESTION PAPER…. [2 marks] …. Berikan satu sebab untuk jawapan anda dalam bahagian (h)(i)? ………………………………………………………………………………………….

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