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UNIVERSIDAD CARLOS III DE MADRID Grados en Ingeniería Industrial

(Mecánica, Eléctrica, Electrónica Industrial y Automática y Tecnología Industrial)

Continuous Assessment Assignment (2012) Apellidos: Nombre:
Only individual and original work will be marked. You must sign the box to confirm that all of this assignment is your own original work – otherwise it will not be marked.

Grupo pequeño:

Firma:

THIS ASSIGNMENT MUST BE PRINTED AND THEN ALL ANSWERS MUST BE HANDWRITTEN IN THE BOXES PROVIDED ONLY ANSWERS GIVEN COMPLETELY WITHIN THE BOXES BELOW EACH QUESTION PART WILL BE CONSIDERED ALL SHEETS MUST BE HANDWRITTEN ORIGINALS - NO COPIES WILL BE ACCEPTED ALL SHEETS MUST BE STAPLED TOGETHER ASSIGNMENTS THAT ARE NOT HANDED IN BY THE GIVEN DEADLINE WILL BE PENALISED AND MAY NOT BE ACCEPTED

Question 1. (4 points) A quality control procedure was implemented in a factory that manufactures porcelain mugs. N samples of mugs were taken, each with size n, where N = 20 and n = 50. The number of defects in each sample is recorded below. Sample No. defects Sample No. defects 1 8 2 1 3 18 4 18 5 9 6 9 7 6 8 18 9 7 10 2

11 10

12 7

13 4

14 8

15 1

16 3

17 18

18 19

19 11

20 1

Sum of No. defects = 178 (N.B. This entire question must be performed by hand, and not using StatGraphics. All working and formulae used must be shown. NO marks will be awarded for simply stating the answers.)

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Page 2 of 6 .a) Calculate the capacity of the process.

(3 points) Two normal six-sided dice each have two faces painted red. a) Draw the sample space for the experiment. two faces painted green and two faces painted yellow. B and C) below: Page 3 of 6 . Calculate the required values for the “3 sigma” limits. calculate the probability that if ten mugs are taken at random. that three will be defective. and calculate the probability of each event (A. c) In the monitorization process.b) Using the average value of probability of defects from the process (when under control). An experiment is defined as throwing both die. a sample size of 20 will be used. Question 2. b) Clearly denote the following events on the sample space above.

i) A: exactly one yellow face ii) B: at least one yellow face iii) C: two yellow faces c) Calculate the probability that two yellow faces are obtained if you know that one die has a yellow face. Page 4 of 6 . however if you get two yellow faces you will get paid 15€. you are paid nothing. Should you accept to play the game? Justify your answer fully. and interpret the result of any calculation performed. Otherwise. If you get only one yellow face you will get paid 8€. and derive its value. Express this probability using formal notation in terms of the events defined. d) You are offered the following game: You pay 5€ to play the game.

He takes a random sample of 20 tea bags and finds two tea bags outside of the 95% weight limits (i. You tell him that statisticians refer to this as an experiment of taking 20 tea bags at random. Use X to represent the number of successes.Question 3. a) What are the limits (centred on the mean value of the process) that will contain the weight of 95% of tea bags? (Tea bags whose weight is outside these limits are termed “defective”. Give the probability model for X and its parameters using the proper notation. which have a constant probability of being outside the 95% weight limits. Page 5 of 6 . The weight of each finished bag is measured before packing.6g with a standard deviation of 0. the company manufactures tea bags. and the event of selecting a defective tea bag as being a “success”. As part of its product range.) b) You explain to your friend the meaning of the 95% weight limits. Previous experience shows that the mean of the process is 1.2g.e.. and the weight is normally distributed. (3 points) You are advising a friend who is an engineer and who works in a food company. State the probability model you would use to model the experiment of taking 20 tea bags from the production line. One of his colleagues takes another random sample of 20 tea bags and finds none out of tolerance. Neither of these results corresponds to the figure used in your explanation. you explain that you can model the process of taking tea bags from the production line. two defective tea bags). How do you explain this to him? c) In order to regain his confidence in your knowledge of statistics.

or one tea bag less or one tea bag more? (Underline choice(s) . Your friend says the limits must be ±0.) 75% 90% 95% 99% g) You persuade your friend that it would be better to take a sample of tea bags in order to monitor the weight. f) Considering the probability calculated in part e). You explain that the probability of E is much greater than the probability of E not occurring. (Make sure that you answer is a feasible number. Demonstrate that probability of E not occurring is small. Which of the following levels of confidence could be used to express your confidence that the number of defective tea bags selected in a sample of 20 bags will be either the number predicted from the 95% weight limits.) Page 6 of 6 . instead of measuring individual tea bags.032g for a 95% confidence interval for the sample mean due to the settings available on the machine. it is also likely that you would get a number of defective tea bags that is either one less or one greater than this value. Event E is defined as any one of these three outcomes occurring.d) The following events are defined: A: X = 0 B: X = 1 C: X = 2 Implement the model in c) in StatGraphics and use it to calculate the following probabilities: P(A) = P(B) = P(C) = e) You explain to your friend that as well as getting the number of defective tea bags predicted from the 95% weight limits. Calculate the minimum sample size that would be required to achieve this.