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Tutorial 1 – Solution

1. Match each of the key terms above with the definition that best fits it: (Analysis, Application independence, Application software, Data, Database, Data flow, Data-oriented approach, Design, Implementation, Information, Information system analysis and design, Application Service Provider (ASP), Joint Application Design (JAD), Logical design, Maintenance, Reuse, Outsourcing, Object-oriented analysis and design (OOAD), Physical design, Process-oriented approach, Processing logic, Planning, Prototyping, Stakeholder, System analyst, System development life cycle (SDLC), System development methodology) Systems development methodologies and techniques based on objects rather than data or processes (Object-oriented analysis and design)
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The first phase of the SDLC in which an organization’s total information system needs are identified ,analyzed, prioritized and arranged . (Planning ) The third phase of the SDLC in which the description of the recommended solution is converted into logical and then physical system specifications (design) The complex organization process whereby computer-based information systems are developed and maintained (information system analysis and design) Computer software designed to support organizational functions and processes (application software) The organizational role most responsible for the analysis and design of information systems (system analyst) The use of previously written software resources, especially objects and components, in new application. (reuse) A structured process in which users, managers and analysts work together for several days in a series of intensive meetings to specify or review system requirements (JAD)

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s. 2 . typically on a per-use or license basic (application service provider) The traditional methodology used to develop. installed and supported in the organization (implementation) The final phase of the SDLC in which an information system is systematically repaired and improved. maintain. and maintain information systems (system development methodology) Organizations that host and run computer applications for other companies. in the use of a j. k. m. and replace information systems (SDLC) A person who has an interest in an existing or new information system. tested. or changes made to s system to fix or enhance its functionality (maintenance) A standard process followed in an organization to conduct all the steps necessary to analyze. n. l. p. An iterative process of systems development in which requirements are converted to a working system that is continually revised through close work between an analyst and users (prototyping) The part of the design phase of the SDLC in which all functional features of the system chosen for development in analysis are described independent of any computer platform (logical design) The part of the design phase of the SDLC in which the logical specifications of the system from logical design are transformed into technology-specific details from which all programming and system constructions can be accomplished (physical design) The practice of turning over responsibility of some to all of an organization’s information systems applications and operations to an outside firm. design. o. Someone who is involved in the development of a system.i. r. implement. (outsourcing) The second phase of the SDLC in which the current system is studied and alternative replacement systems are proposed (analysis) The fourth phase of the SDLC in which the information system is coded. q.

cheaper. As an example. since they have been tested and perfected by others. imagine that an analyst is developing a computerized inventory-tracking system. The analyst asks the sales representative what kinds of inventory information he needs. The quick and easy approach to building systems may be easier. structured. Based on this feedback. meaning that the system will be less than optimal and require extra work to maintain. This inventory-tracking system provides a sales representative with real-time access to inventory levels. or someone who has authority over the parts of the organization affected by the system (stakeholder) 2. and quicker in the short run. the analyst quickly builds several sample interface displays. 3. techniques. the analyst modifies the 3 .system. and using appropriate tools provides structure to the systems development process. Why is it important to use systems analysis and design methodologies when building a system? Why not just build the system in whatever way seems to be “quick and easy”? Methodologies. such as Microsoft Visual Basic. but it almost always results in a poorly developed system. Following a systems methodology. a poorly developed system requires more time and money to make right. applying techniques. a prototype can serve as the basis for the final system. The sales representative reviews these displays and provides the analyst with feedback. object-oriented development tool. helping to clarify and communicate user requirements. including when and where he needs to access this information. In the long run. Using a graphical. Also. and systematic. How might prototyping be used as part of the SDLC? Prototyping is useful for requirements determination. Following an engineering-type approach ensures that systems analysis and design is rigorous. and tools help ensure the quality and appropriateness of the system being built.

Given Visual Basic’s ease of use. again. the analyst can build the sample interfaces “onthe-fly” with the sales representative present. solicits feedback from the sales representative. The sample interfaces can be used to build the actual system.displays and. either in Visual Basic or in some other development environment 4 .