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Abductor Digiti Minimi


5th digit abd at MCP

Abductor Digiti Minimi

abd 5th digit

Abductor Hallucis

abd great toe 3b .

Abductor Pollicis Brevis 4a .

thumb abd at CMC 4b .

Abductor Pollicis Longus 5a .

thumb CMC joint abd 5b .

Adductor Brevis 6a .

hip add 6b .

Adductor Hallucis 7a .

add of great toe 7b .

Adductor Longus 8a .

hip add 8b .

Adductor Magnus

hip add

Adductor Pollicis

thumb add at CMC


elbow ext assist 11b .stabilization of humeralulnar joint.

Biceps Brachii 12a .

glenohumeral stabilization 12b . shoulder flex. forearm sup.elbow flex.

Brachialis 13a .

elbow flex 13b .

Brachioradialis 14a .

elbow flex 14b .

Coccygeus 15a .

pulls coccyx foreward (counternutation). supports floor of abdominal cavity 15b .

Coracobrachialis 16a .

glenohumeral add 16b .glenohumeral flex.

Deltoid (anterior) 17a .

glenohumeral IR 17b .glenohumeral flex.

Deltoid (middle) 18a .

glenohumeral abd 18b .

Deltoid (posterior) 19a .

glenohumeral ext. glenohumeral ER. glenohumeral HADD 19b .

Diaphragm 20a .

contracts during inspiration 20b .

Dorsal Interossei 21a .

5 21b .3.abd of digits 2.

Dorsal Interossei 22a .

abd of digits 2-5 22b .

Extensor Carpi Radialis Brevis 23a .

wrist ext. radial deviation 23b .

Extensor Carpi Radialis Longus 24a .

wrist ext. radial deviation 24b .

Extensor Carpi Ulnaris 25a .

wrist ext. ulnar deviation 25b .

Extensor Digitorum Brevis 26a .

4 26b .ext of digits 2.3.

Extensor Digitorum Communis 27a .

wrist ext 27b .ext of digits 2-5.

Extensor Digitorum Longus 28a .

ext of digits 2-5 28b .dorsi flex.

Extensor Hallucis Brevis 29a .

ext of great toe MTP joint 29b .

Extensor Hallucis Longus 30a .

great toe ext 30b .dorsi flex.

Extensor Pollicis Brevis 31a .

thumb ext. CMC ext. MCP ext 31b .

Extensor Pollicis Longus 32a .

ext thumb CMC. ext thumb MCP 32b . ext thumb IP.

External Anal Sphincter 33a .

voluntary control of defecation 33b .

External Intercostals 34a .

raise the ribs during inspiration 34b .

External Oblique 35a .

compresses and supports abdominal cavity 35b . rotation to the opposit side.trunk flex.

External Obliques 36a .

accessory muscle of expiration 36b .

Flexor Carpi Radialis 37a .

radial deviation 37b .wrist flex.

Flexor Carpi Ulnaris 38a .

ulnar deviation 38b .wrist flex.

Flexor Digiti Minimi 39a .

5th digit MTP flex 39b .

Flexor Digiti Minimi 40a .

5th digit flex at MCP 40b .

Flexor Digitorum Brevis 41a .

flex digits 2-5 41b .

Flexor Digitorum Longus 42a .

flex of digits 2-5.plantar flex. supports medial arch 42b .

Flexor Digitorum Profundus 43a .

PIP joint flex of digits 2-5. MCP joint flex of digits 2-5.wrist flex. DIP joint flex of digits 2-5 43b .

Flexor Digitorum Superficialis 44a .

PIP joint flex of digits 2-5 44b .wrist flex. MCP joint flex of digits 2-5.

Flexor Hallucis Brevis 45a .

1st digit MTP flex 45b .

Flexor Hallucis Longus 46a .

plantar flex. supports medial arch 46b . great toe flex.

Flexor Pollicis Brevis 47a .

thumb flex at MCP 47b .thumb flex at CMC.

Flexor Pollicis Longus 48a .

CMC flex. IP flex 48b .thumb flex. MCP flex.

Gastrocnemius 49a .

plantar flex, knee flex

Gluteus Maximus

hip ext, hip add, hip ER

Gluteus Medius

hip abd

Gluteus Minimus 52a .

hip IR 52b .hip abd.

Gracilis 53a .

hip add. knee flex 53b .

Hamstrings 54a .

hip ext (all but short head) 54b .knee flex.

Iliocostalis (lateral column) 55a .

bilateral ext of back. unilateral side bend of back 55b .

Iliopsoas 56a .

vertebral column flex 56b .hip flex.

Infrahyoid muscles 57a .

stabilize the hyoid during mouth opening 57b .

Infraspinatus 58a .

glenohumeral stabilization 58b .glenohumeral ER.

Interanl Oblique 59a .

rotation to the same side.trunk flex. compresses and supports abdominal cavity 59b .

Internal Intercostals 60a .

depress the ribs during expiration 60b .

Internal Obliques 61a .

accessory muscle of expiration 61b .

Interspinalis 62a .

ext of back 62b .

Intertransversarii 63a .

ext. side bend of back 63b .

Lateral Pterygoid 64a .

ipsilateral deviation 64b .depression. protraction.

Latissimus Dorsi 65a .

glenohumeral add. shoulder girdle depression 65b .glenohumeral ext. glenohumeral IR.

Latissimus Dorsi 66a .

accessory muscle of expiration 66b .

Latissimus Dorsi 67a .

elevate rib cage during deep or forced inspiration 67b .

Levator Ani 68a .

supports weight of abdominal contents 68b .

Levator Costarum 69a .

elevate rib cage during deep or forced inspiration 69b .

Levator Scapulae 70a .

elevate rib cage during deep or forced inspiration 70b .

Levator Scapulae 71a .

down ward rotation 71b .scapular elevation.

Longissimus (Intermediate column) 72a .

unilateral side bend of back 72b .bilateral ext of back.

Longus Capitis 73a .

cervical flex 73b .

Longus Colli 74a .

cervical flex 74b .

Lumbricals 75a .

ext at PIP & DIP 75b .flex at MCP.

Lumbricals 76a .

MTP flex of digits 2-5 76b .

Masseter 77a .

elevation of mandible. protraction of mandible 77b .

Medial Pterygoid 78a .

elevation. protraction. contralaeral deviation 78b .

Multifidus 79a .

segmental stabilization (core stabilization) 79b .

Obturator Externus 80a .

joint stabilization 80b .ER.

Obturator Internus (if hip extended) 81a .

joint stabilization 81b .ER.

Obturator Internus (if hip flexed) 82a .

abd. joint stabilization 82b .

Opponens Digiti Minimi 83a .

5th digit opposition at CMC 83b .

Opponens Pollicis 84a .

thumb opposition at CMC 84b .

Palmar Interossei

add of digits 2, 4, 5

Palmaris Longus

wrist flex


hip add 87b .hip flex.

Pectoralis Major 88a .

elevate rib cage during deep or forced inspiration 88b .

Pectoralis major 89a .

1st 60 degrees flex. glenohumeral HADD. IR. 1st 60 degrees ext 89b .glenohumeral add.

Pectoralis Minor 90a .

elevate rib cage during deep or forced inspiration 90b .

Pectoralis minor 91a .

scapular depression. scapular tipping 91b .

Peroneus (Fibularis) Brevis 92a .

ever 92b .plantar flex.

Peroneus (Fibularis) Longus 93a .

plantar flex. ever 93b .

Peroneus (Fibularis) Tertius 94a .

ever 94b .dorsi flex.

Piriformis (if hip extended) 95a .

joint stabilization 95b .ER.

Piriformis (if hip flexed) 96a .

abd. joint stabilization 96b .

Plantar Interossei 97a .

add of digits 3-5 97b .

Plantaris 98a .

assist with plantar flex 98b .

Popliteus 99a .

unlocks knee 99b .

Pronator Quadratus 100a .

forearm pronation 100b .

Pronator Teres 101a .

forearm pronation 101b .

Quadratus Femoris 102a .

joint stabilization 102b .ER.

Quadratus Lumborum 103a .

side bend of lumbar spine. hip hiking in open chain 103b .ext of lumbar spine.

Quadratus Lumborum 104a .

accessory muscle of expiration 104b .

Quadratus Plantae 105a .

helps with flex of digits 2-5 105b .

Quadriceps 106a .

knee ext. hip flex (rectus femoris) 106b .

Rectus Abdominis 107a .

accessory muscle of expiration 107b .

Rectus Abdominis 108a .

trunk flex 108b .

Rectus Capitis Anterior 109a .

flex of atlantooccipital joint 109b .

Rectus Capitis Lateralis 110a .

side bend of atlanto-occipital joint 110b .

Rhomboid major & minor 111a .

scapular elevation 111b . scapular retraction.scapular down ward rotation.

Rhomboids 112a .

elevate rib cage during deep or forced inspiration 112b .

Rotatores 113a .

rotation to the opposite side 113b .

Sartorius 114a .

hip ER. hip abd 114b .hip flex. knee flex.

Scalenes 115a .

raises first 2 ribs 115b .cervical flex. cervical side bend.

Scalenes 116a .

elevate rib cage during deep or forced inspiration 116b .

SCM 117a .

elevate rib cage during deep or forced inspiration 117b .

Semispinalis 118a .

unilateral rotation to the opposite side 118b .bilateral ext of back.

Serratus Anterior 119a .

elevate rib cage during deep or forced inspiration 119b .

Serratus Anterior 120a .

upward rotation. prevents winging 120b .scapular protraction.

Serratus Posterior Inferior 121a .

accessory muscle of expiration 121b .

Serratus Posterior Superior 122a .

elevate rib cage during deep or forced inspiration


plantar flex

Sphincter Urethrae

voluntary control of urination

Spinalis (medial column) 125a .

unilateral side bend of back 125b .bilateral ext of back.

Splenius Capitis 126a .

cervical ext. cervical rotation 126b . cervical side bend.

Splenius Cervicis 127a .

cervical side bend. cervical rotation 127b .cervical ext.

Sternocleidomastoid 128a .

cervical flex. cervical rotation to the opposite side 128b . cervical side bend to the same side.

Suboccipital muscles 129a .

head ext. head rotation 129b . head side bend.

Subscapularis 130a .

glenohumeral stabilization 130b .glenohumeral IR. glenohumeral add.

Superior Gemelli & Inferior Gemelli (if hip extended) 131a .

joint stabilization 131b .ER.

Superior Gemelli & Inferior Gemelli (if hip flexed) 132a .

abd. joint stabilization 132b .

Supinator 133a .

sup 133b .

Suprahyoid muscles 134a .

assist with opening the mouth 134b .

Supraspinatus 135a .

glenohumeral abduction. glenohumeral stabilization 135b .

Temporalis 136a .

retraction of mandible 136b .elevation of mandible.

Tensor Fascia Latae (TFL) 137a .

hip abd. hip IR. hip flex 137b .

Teres major 138a .

glenohumeral ext. glenohumeral IR 138b . glenohumeral add.

Teres minor 139a .

glenohumeral stabilization 139b .glenohumeral ER.

Tibialis Anterior 140a .

dorsi flex. inv 140b .

Tibialis Posterior 141a .

inv. supports medial arch 141b .plantar flex.

Transverse Abdominis 142a .

compresses and supports abdominal cavity 142b .lumbar stabilization.

Transverse Obliques 143a .

accessory muscle of expiration 143b .

Trapezius (lower) 144a .

upward rotation 144b .scapular depression.

Trapezius (middle) 145a .

scapular retraction 145b .

Trapezius (upper) 146a .

scapular elevation. upward rotation 146b .

Triceps Brachii 147a .

glenohumeral ext 147b .elbow flex.

Upper Trapezius 148a .

elevate rib cage during deep or forced inspiration 148b .