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# E2-E3/Civil

Rev date: 01-04-11

E2-E3: CIVIL

CHAPTER-2 STRUCTURAL DESIGN USING STAAD PRO

BSNL, India

For Internal Circulation Only

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E2-E3/Civil

Rev date: 01-04-11

Use of Computer in Structural Designing of Buildings In earlier periods say in sixties, engineering calculations were done b y slide rules. Then in seventies, came the era of calculators, which replaced slide rules completel y. The calculators are very much in vogue these days but to aid the structural engineer have come computers which are high -speed calculators and much more. When similar mem bers (say, slabs, beams columns, footings) are to be designed, relevant computer programs can be used to get more accurate methods which were earlier difficult and time -consuming to use manuall y. For example, frames under horizontal loads were anal ysed b y portal or cantilever methods manuall y. These gave onl y approximate results and we had to be satisfied with them. But now, computer can be used effectivel y to get accurate results. Computer-Aided Analysis & Design:Computers have recentl y been brought in to aid structural designers. These machines are as effective as the available software (i.e. computer programs). Programs are available for design of slabs, simpl y supported and continuous beams. Columns under biaxial bending , isolated footings, combined footings and rafts. There are also available 2-D plane frame programs, grids, retaining walls, etc. not only all the available programs may be to the liking of a designer. The assumptions made in the development of some programs may not be acceptable to the structural designer and in one case, it was found that the column program purchased was valid onl y for short columns and not for long columns, although at the time of purchase, it was claimed to be valid for both short and ling columns. In practice, con tinuous beams, frame anal ysis under horizontal loads are almost always solved by a computer. Sometimes, an building is divided into frames in both the principal directions. All the frames with the vertical and the horizontal loads are put in the computer a nd the solution is got which includes the complete design of beams at all the floor levels. Column loads are then assembled manuall y. Column design under biaxial bending at all levels is done by a computer program. A very powerful program STAAD Pro is also available in the market which can be used for 3-D anal ysis of a building as a whole. It is useful for anal ysis and design of multi -storied buildings. We may

BSNL, India

For Internal Circulation Only

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snow. cable (liner and non -linear). P -delta. linear an d nonlinear cables and curvilinear beams. Complete support of VBA macros for customization (integrate with Match CDA or Excel). supports. concrete and timber design. solids. design.E2-E3/Civil Rev date: 01-04-11 consider the followings methods of approach in order to tap the full capacit y of STAAD Pro soft ware. buckling and steel. etc. Built-in command file editor for text editing. tool tip help. Joint. model range of anal ysis including static. Supports truss and beam members. floor and moving loads. mesh generation with flex ible userPage:3 •              BSNL.d a n a l ys i s a l m o s t i m p o s s i b l e Advantage for Invention of Computer – M a t r i x m e t h o d s o f s t r u c t u r a l a n a l ys i s – Development of numerical techniques – Finite element method – Programming languages developed Object-oriented intuitive 2D/3D graphical model generation. Toggle display of loads. Isometric and perspective view and 3D shapes. p roperties. Advance automatic load generation facilities for wind. Customizable structural templates for creating a model. anal ysis. India For Internal Circulation Only . response spectrum. plates. Pull down menus. Structural Design Using STAAD . pushover. members. State-of-the-art graphical pre and post processors.PRO  “Concurrent  Full Engineering” based user environment for development. Rectangular/cylindrical coordinate systems with mix and match capabilities. Comparison • Limitations of Hand Computation Methods – Applicable for small problems – Tedious for even medium sized problems – 3 . time history. joints. Quick data input through propert y sheets and spreadsheets. area. visualization and verification . member/element. floating tool bars. Flexible zoom. pan and multiple views.

Access to text editor to modify model quickl y through command s yntax. Presentation qualit y printer plots of geometry and results as part of run output. C IS/2 and Excel files. VRML. Graphics Environment Model Generation  Eas y auto mesh and auto refinement of user -defines polygonal element boundary by simple mouse clicks. User-controlled scale factors for deflected or mode shapes.for quick and easy geometry generation. For Internal Circulation Only BSNL. meshes with holes and curved surfaces. columns) to report geometry. More structure wizard models including user -defined parametric structures to create any structural template.repeat. Efficient algorithm minimizes disk space requirements. Intelligent objects (beams.mirror. Generate. Graphicall y displaying built -up sections and customized shapes in 3D within the STAAD. 2D and 3D graphic generation using rectangular. Graphical specification and display of properties. orientations etc.                 Unlimited Undo and Redo.etc. including openings and column/wall lines. FPS. Comprehensive graphics editing. Step-by-to hand calculations including all formulae. supports. metric or SI units. Structure Wizard to create parametric templates. Segments of repetitive geometry may be used to generate complex structural models. India Page:4 . Import/Export Auto Cad 2D/3D/ DXF or C IS/2 files to start your model. Library of commonly used structures can be picked and display of properties.E2-E3/Civil controlled numbering scheme. loadings. DWG. plates. Pro environment.pivot. orientations etc. intermediate results.copy. Eas y “snap -to” construction grid for laying out beams and columns on irregular grids. Rev date: 01-04-11     Import/Export DSF. cylindrical and reverse cylindrical coordinates systems. loadings. and code clauses for steel and concrete design. supports.

BS5400. Optional codes include BS8007. Canadian. Australian. Russian and South Africa. trapezoidal and Tee sections. Page:5      BSNL. British. channels. Optional codes available include ASCE 52. Korean. Singaporean and Indian Codes IS -456-2000. BS5950. Also footing design pe r ACI 318-02. double angles/channels.). Design Codes Steel Design  Design codes include AISC (ASD and LRFD and & 3 r d Ed. pipes and tubes (HSS Sections). integrated rectangular shear wall anal ysis and design (including openings) with output including forces at different heights along the wall (axial. member selection consisting of anal ysis/design cycle s. Japanese. drift and deflection. South Africa. Mexican (NTC a nd CFE). I and L shaped. Canadian. stiffeners. Australian. German. Code check. French. Calculation of Effective Length Factors (K Factors) for Steel Design. angles. User-specified design parameters including sides way. Numerical and graphical design outputs with complete reinforcement details. German.E2-E3/Civil Rev date: 01-04-11  New customizable node/member renumbering schem e. BS8110. automatic meshing of the wall. net section factor. India. Canadian. Chinese. shear and moment in -plane and out -of-plane bending moment). Design circular. Chinese. French. Spanish. AIS I and AASHTO. welding. Chinese. Indian. Scandinavian. Scandinavian. Shapes include I-Beams with or without cover plates. rectangular. horizontal and vertical shear and edge reinforcements at different heights.  Built-in-steel tables including AISC (7 t h -9 t h Editions). Interactive concrete design and detailing with bar scheduling and interactive rebar layout. 318-95. South African. Design “Physical members” by combining separate beam entities as one with full step-by-step calculation sheets for verification. Eurocode and much more. Powerful grouping command to design disjointed members as a physical member. Full. Japanese. Mexican. Japanese. India For Internal Circulation Only . European.      Concrete Design  Design of concrete beam/columns/slabs per AC I 318 -02.

Real world problem Ideali zation to a mathematical model Solution of the model Real world structural problems are very complex in nature. Anal ysis of these problems requires idealization.E2-E3/Civil Analysis & Design • Static Anal ysis – Primary – P-delta – Non-linear – Non-Linear Cable Rev date: 01-04-11 Structural Analysis Anal ysis is performed to predict the response of a structure to applied external loads. BSNL. India For Internal Circulation Only Page:6 .

E2-E3/Civil Rev date: 01-04-11 Element Types Structural Elements Line • • Truss Beam • Surface • Plate/ Shell • Surface • Solid BSNL. India For Internal Circulation Only Page:7 .

E2-E3/Civil Rev date: 01-04-11 Structure Types STRUCTURAL TYPES : Y TRUSS (2D) TRUSS (3D) GY Z X GX GZ PLANE SPACE FLOOR BSNL. India For Internal Circulation Only Page:8 .

E2-E3/Civil Rev date: 01-04-11 Boundary Condition • • • • • Fully Restra ined Partially Rest rained Partially re strained w/ Spring s Inclined Multilinear • Basic Design – Steel – Concrete Static Analysis • Geometric Modeling • Material Properties • Sectional Properties • Supports : Boundary Conditions • Loads & Load combinations • Special Commands • Anal ysis Specification • Design Command Geometric Modeling • Nodal Co-ordinate Data • Selection of Elements : Element Library • Beam Elements : Beams. Truss Members • Plate Elements : Structural Walls. Floor Slabs BSNL. Columns. India For Internal Circulation Only Page:9 .

Preparation of structural drawings with foundations and upwards by AUTOCAD or by manual. BSNL. plinth beam and upwards and issued to the site for execution in the same order. The drawings are prepared floor -wise.E2-E3/Civil Rev date: 01-04-11 5. India For Internal Circulation Only Page:12 . After anal ysis and design by STAAD Pro software we have to note down area of steel for column at various levels & grouping is done accordingl y. starting from the foundation. For beams be have to do detailing as per SP-34 by noting down the main reinforcement & Shear reinforcement & at various section floor wise.

205 15 3. 305 15 7 0. 423 15 10. 212 18 3.2 12. 111 15 0 6. 222 11 3. 121 7 0 8. 103 7 0 0.3 6. 116 11 0 12. 13 0 -1.5 0. 421 7 10.5 0. 503 7 12. 414 3 10.3 12. 106 18 0 0. 115 7 0 12.75 12.3 12.5 6. 15 7 -1. 408 3 10.3 0. 124 18 0 10.2 12.3 12. 404 11 10.3 0. 119 0 0 8.2 0. 422 11 10.5 10. 313 0 7 12.5 6.3 10. 109 7 0 6.5 8.7 12. 402 3 10.3 0.5 6. 104 11 0 0. 110 11 0 6.3 8. 221 7 3.3 6. 304 11 7 0.5 12. 413 0 10. 218 18 3.2 12. 401 0 10. 224 18 3. 415 7 10. 411 15 10. 426 11 8.5 0. 16 11 -1.7 12.5 8. 326 11 5.5 6. 410 11 10. 9 7 -1. 6 18 -1. 307 0 7 6.5 8. BSNL.5 12.5 6.7 6.2 6. 12 18 -1. 5 15 -1. 316 11 7 12.2 12. 315 7 7 12.2 0. 17 15 -1.5 8. 207 0 3. 11 15 -1.3 6.3 12. 117 15 0 12.2 6. 223 15 3. 417 15 10. 406 18 10.3 0. 201 0 3. 416 11 10. 420 3 10. 210 11 3.3 6. 407 0 10. 318 18 7 12.E2-E3/Civil Rev date: 01-04-11 INPUT FILE OF STAAD PRO FOR ANALYSIS & DESIGN OF A BUILDING STAAD SPACE START JOB INFORMATION ENGINEER DATE 12-Nov-07 END JOB INFORMATION INPUT W IDTH 79 UNIT METER KN JOINT COORDINATES 1 0 -1.25 12.3 6.5 12.25 12. 213 0 3.2 0. 219 0 3. 323 15 7 10. 3 7 -1.2 6. 310 11 7 6.3 0. 114 3 0 12. 10 11 -1. 306 18 7 0.3 8. 122 11 0 8.3 10. 324 18 7 10. 101 0 0 0.5 0. 108 3 0 6.2 12.2 12. 312 18 7 6. 113 0 0 12. 204 11 3.5 12. 501 7 12. 202 3 3. 209 7 3. 419 0 10. 418 18 10. 112 18 0 6.2 6. 311 15 7 6.3 6. 314 3 7 12.75 12. 208 3 3. 214 3 3.3 12.75 12. 1 20 3 0 8. 203 7 3. 18 18 -1. 220 3 3. 409 7 10. 425 7 8. 215 7 3 .5 12. 14 3 -1.75 12. 2 3 -1.2 0. 107 0 0 6. 217 15 3. 308 3 7 6. 216 11 3. 325 7 5.3 0.3 8. 102 3 0 0. 309 7 7 6. 118 18 0 12. 301 0 7 0. 4 11 -1. 321 7 7 8.5 12.5 0.5 10.2 0.5 0. 225 7 1. 502 11 12.2 0. 7 0 -1. 322 11 7 8. 504 11 12. 206 18 3. 302 3 7 0. 8 3 -1.5 6.2 6. 317 15 7 12. 105 15 0 0. 226 11 1. 424 18 10. 403 7 10. 319 0 7 8. 412 18 10. India For Internal Circulation Only Page:13 .7 6.3 12. 303 7 7 0. 405 15 10. 211 15 3. 123 15 0 10.2 6.3 8. 320 3 7 8.

108 109 110. 236 224 218. 306 307 308. 408 409 410. 311 319 320. 208 209 210. 205 205 206. 334 306 312. 303 303 304. 202 202 203. 212 220 221. 318 317 318. 333 323 317. 405 405 406. 123 102 108. 224 220 214. 402 402 403. 120 101 107. 312 320 321. 310 311 312. 121 107 119. 104 104 105. 115 113 114. 105 105 106. 227 221 215. 313 321 322. 404 404 405. 337 325 326. 412 420 421. 407 408 409. 415 413 414. 219 201 207. 302 302 303. 309 310 311. 107 108 109. 332 311 323. 304 304 305. 135 106 112. 131 122 116. 122 119 113. 232 211 223. 307 308 309. 327 321 315. 216 214 215. 320 307 319. 220 207 219. 235 212 224. 204 204 205. 409 410 411. 201 201 202. 133 111 123. 326 309 321. 305 305 306. 134 123 117. 314 323 324. 210 211 212. 225 203 209. 125 120 114. 414 423 424. 226 209 221. 406 407 408. 228 204 210. 124 108 120. 117 115 116. 217 216 217. 214 223 224. 221 219 213. 136 112 124. 128 121 115. 106 107 108. 317 316 317. 229 210 222.E2-E3/Civil MEMBER INC IDENCES 101 101 102. 209 210 211. 116 114 115. 323 308 320. 401 401 402. 132 105 111. 325 303 309. 127 109 121. 137 124 118. 329 310 322. 218 217 218. 335 312 324. 411 419 420. BSNL. 129 104 110. 111 119 120. 231 205 211. 130 110 122. 206 207 208. 331 305 311. 207 208 209. 215 213 214. 324 320 314. 410 411 412. 222 202 208. 114 123 124. 233 223 217. 203 203 204. 230 222 216. 316 314 315. 109 110 111. 112 120 121. 319 301 307. 213 221 222. 110 111 112. 211 219 220. 336 324 318. India For Internal Circulation Only Page:14 . 126 103 109. 403 403 404. 113 121 122. 328 304 310. 315 313 314. 237 225 226. 308 309 310. 322 302 308. 102 102 103. 118 116 117. 321 319 313. 330 322 316. 119 117 118. 234 206 212. 223 208 220. 301 301 302. Rev date: 01-04-11 103 103 104. 413 421 422.

9005 409 501. 2004 302 402. 7003 207 307. 3001 3 103. 436 424 418. 9003 209 309. 420 407 419. 17002 117 217. 9004 309 409. 15002 115 225.17185e+007 POISSON 0. 5003 205 305. 16006 316 426. 1003 201 301. 18004 318 418. 424 420 414. India For Internal Circulation Only Page:15 . 15001 15 115. 10005 410 502. 13004 313 413. 418 417 418. 3004 303 403. DEFINE MATERIAL START ISOTROP IC CONCRETE E 2. 6003 206 306. 10003 210 310. 429 410 422. 12004 312 412. 431 405 411. 3002 103 203. 423 408 420. 5004 305 405. 13002 113 213. 8003 208 308. 417 416 417. 503 501 503. 11003 211 311. 16007 426 416. 18002 118 218. 10004 310 410. 437 425 426. 14002 114 214. 10001 10 110. 1004 301 401. 14003 214 314. 4001 4 104. 425 403 409. 2002 102 202. 501 501 502. 16004 216 326. 17003 217 317. 12001 12 112. 15006 315 425.E2-E3/Civil Rev date: 01-04-11 416 414 415. 17001 17 117. 2001 2 102. 502 503 504. 16008 416 504. 16001 16 116. 10002 110 210. 4004 304 404. 13001 13 113. 15003 225 215. 14001 14 114. 3003 203 303. 16003 226 216. 4002 104 204.05 BSNL. 419 401 407. 15007 425 415.17 DENSITY 23. 13003 213 313. 422 402 408. 421 419 413. 2003 202 302. 11001 11 111. 435 412 424.5616 ALPHA 1e-005 DAMP 0. 15004 215 325. 7004 307 407. 5001 5 105. 430 422 416. 434 406 412. 8004 308 408. 9002 109 209. 1001 1 101. 12002 112 212 . 428 404 410. 4003 204 304. 5002 105 205. 9001 9 109. 11004 311 411. 12003 212 312. 15 008 415 503. 6002 106 206. 432 411 423. 11002 111 211. 6004 306 406. 426 409 421. 7001 7 107. 7002 107 207. 14004 314 414. 18003 218 318. 8002 108 208. 433 423 417. 8001 8 108. 1002 101 201. 6001 6 106. 17004 317 417. 504 502 504. 16002 116 226. 16005 326 316. 18001 18 118. 15005 325 315. 427 421 415.

3 ZD 0.E2-E3/Civil Rev date: 01-04-11 END DEFINE MATERIAL MEMBER PROPERTY AMER ICAN 1001 TO 1004 2001 TO 2004 3001 TO 3004 4001 TO 4004 5001 TO 5004 6001 TO 6004 7001 TO 7004 8001 TO 8004 900 1 TO 9005 10001 TO 10005 11001 TO 11004 12001 12002 TO 12004 13001 TO 13004 14001 TO 14004 15001 TO 15008 16001 TO 16008 17001 TO 17004 18001 TO 18004 PR IS YD 0.45 ZD 0.77 105 WEIGHT 84. India For Internal Circulation Only Page:16 .6 ZD 0.02 104 WEIGHT 117.45 ZD 0.31 BSNL.6 MEMBER PROPERTY AMER ICAN 111 TO 114 211 TO 214 237 311 TO 314 337 411 TO 414 437 502 PR IS YD 0.3 101 TO 110 115 TO 119 201 TO 210 215 TO 218 301 TO 310 315 TO 318 401 TO 410 415 TO 418 501 PR IS YD 0.23 120 TO 137 219 TO 236 319 TO 336 419 TO 436 503 504 PR IS YD 0.3 CONSTANTS MATERIAL CONCRETE MEMB 101 TO 137 2 01 TO 237 301 TO 337 401 TO 437 501 TO 504 1001 TO 1004 2001 TO 2004 3001 TO 3004 4001 TO 4004 5001 TO 5004 6001 TO 6004 7001 TO 7004 8001 TO 8004 9001 TO 9005 10001 TO 10005 11001 11002 TO 11004 12001 TO 12004 13001 TO 13004 14001 TO 14004 15001 TO 15008 16001 TO 16008 17001 TO 17004 18001 TO 18004 SUPPORTS 1 TO 18 FIXED *ZONE III . CONSIDER ING ORDINARY MOMENT RES ISTANT FRAME FOR MEDIUM SOIL UNIT MMS NEWTON MEMBER RELEASE 111 114 211 214 311 314 411 414 START MZ 113 114 213 214 313 314 413 414 END MZ UNIT METER KN DEFINE 1893 LOAD ZONE 0.16 RF 3 I 1 SS 2 ST 3 JOINT WEIGHT 101 WEIGHT 85.04 103 WEIGHT 118.13 102 WEIGHT 111.

62 172.11 221.52 246.24 162.52 223. India Page:17 .51 294.18 171.E2-E3/Civil 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 WEIGHT WEIGHT WEIGHT WEIGHT WEIGHT WEIGHT WEIGHT WEIGHT WEIGHT WEIGHT WEIGHT WEIGHT WEIGHT WEIGHT WEIGHT WEIGHT WEIGHT WEIGHT WEIGHT WEIGHT WEIGHT WEIGHT WEIGHT WEIGHT WEIGHT WEIGHT WEIGHT WEIGHT WEIGHT WEIGHT WEIGHT WEIGHT WEIGHT WEIGHT WEIGHT WEIGHT WEIGHT WEIGHT WEIGHT WEIGHT WEIGHT WEIGHT WEIGHT WEIGHT 85.09 174.09 150.66 180.11 222.57 181.38 115.07 114.82 158.75 99 150.04 123.67 113.76 276.39 134.5 For Internal Circulation Only Rev date: 01-04-11 BSNL.12 159.83 327.46 279.1 157.95 291.52 172.8 97.26 163.75 170.82 114.85 250.27 221.11 323.06 158.87 88.01 113.03 232.14 127.37 156.31 219.8 114.89 172.