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Bronson Schoen Partner: Ethan Guerra Le Chatelier’s Principle 4-16-12

One substance of this sort is called methyl violet. The objective of this experiment will be to observe this principle in action. Ngo Le Chatalier’s Principle says that the equilibrium constant is: Kc = [ ] [ ] [ ] Reactions. Experimental – Reactions known as Acid-Base indicators change color when [H+] changes. Officially. Le Chatalier’s principle is if you attempt to change a system in chemical equilibrium. Adding/subtracting reactants/products will shift the reactions in the direction that brings the ratio back to Kc. once they reach equilibrium. will strive to reach the ratio of the equilibrium constant again. Heat in a reaction acts as a product or reactants with respect to the ratio in Kc. Liquids and solids maintain a concentration value of 1. it will react in such a way as to counteract the change you attempted. The reaction is as follows: HMV(aq)  H+(aq) + MV-(aq) Yellow Violet .Bronson Schoen Le Chatelier’s Principle Introduction – For a reaction: aA(aq)  bB(aq) + cC(aq) Chem II Lab Dr. which is given the abbreviation HMV.

Add 10 drops of ethanol and stir until the crystals are dissolved. Record the color. Repeat the same process as the previous step. Add 6 M . The color of the indicator depends on [H+]. Now select a reagent that will reverse the color. Add 1 mL of distilled water to a test tube. Record the color of the solution.1 M Zn(NO3)2. repeat with different reagents until it does. Record the color of the solution. Record your observation. Some solids can also be dissolved in aqueous solutions. The next section of the experiment is based on the complex ion formation in the following formula: Co(H2O)2+6(aq) + 4Cl-(aq)  CoCl2-4(aq) + 6H2O Pink Blue Place a few small CoCl2  6H2O(s) in a test tube. select one that will shift the color and add it drop by drop until the color changes. If the color does not change. Add water again until no more color change occurs. until no more color change occurs.HMV has an intense yellow color. then allow to cool until no more color change occurs. while the MV. Using 6 M violet. Record your observations. Place the test tube in a hot bath and note any change in color. Add 12 M until a persistent color is observed. Records your observations for both parts. Add a few drops of methyl violet indicator. Observe the following reaction: Zn(OH)2(s)  Zn2+(aq) + 2OH-(aq) Introducing various molecules can separate zinc oxide: Zn2+(aq) + 4OH-(aq)  Zn(OH)2-4(aq) Zn2+(aq) + 4NH3(aq)  Zn(NH3)2-4(aq) Take 3 test tubes and add about 20 drops of 0. stirring after each drop. Add 1 drop of 6 M NaOH and stir. Add distilled water dropwise.

This principle can be used to predict the mechanism of a reaction. Reactions will react to reach a ratio denoted Kc which is a calculable constant based on concentration and moles in the balanced stochiometrical reaction. NH3. Repeat the last 2 steps using ). which was probably due to unfortunately timed lessons plans. stirring after each drop (10 drops max). Nevertheless. 3. Reactions will tend to balance themselves toward equilibrium. and the error (number of times incorrect substances were mixed) was relatively low. Conclusion – 1.1 M Mg(NO3)2. as the results were purely qualitative and allowed no small percentage of error. Record your observations. and NaOH drop by drop. Record what happens in each case. 2. and its production of both products and reactants. Any error might have arisen in misinterpretation of theory. Discussion – Our results were fairly accurate.HCl. References – N/A . Results – See attached pages. the experiment faired reasonably well.