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Valerie Horton Ms.

Caruso ENGL 1103 22 February 2012

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The Bloody Hunt: The Jack the Ripper Case The Whitechapel murders of the East End of London of 1888 have been quite a mystery ever since the very first day of the first murder. The killer to at least five women, Jack the Ripper, has been the talk of the town back then and now. He ripped, slit and removed inside parts of his women victims, but he remained unidentified. Lets take a step back into history, to try to figure the murders and the killer. There are many beliefs about how many murders the notorious Jack the Ripper was involved with. But most people believe that at least five were somehow linked to the murders committed by Jack the Ripper. The first victim was Mary Ann (Polly) Nichols found on Bucks Row1 on August 31, 1888, with her skirt halfway up her body and her throat slit. Further examination concluded that she had been stabbed twice in her private parts, after trying to decapitate her but failed (Curtis 20). On September 8, 1888 the second victim, Annie Chapman, was found behind a lodging house, with a severely maimed body. As with the last victim, her throat was slashed, however, this time the intestines were removed and thrown to the side of her mangled body (Curtis 20). Almost three weeks later, on September 30, another womans body, Elizabeth Strides, was discovered and in the same manner with the slashed throat but nothing else ripped from her body as like the previous victims. Catherine Eddows also known as Kate Kelly, the forth victim died less than an hour after Stride and once more cut throat, and slashes on face, stomach, and pelvic area, pulled out much of her intestines, and threw them
Beth Caruso 2/27/12 4:00 PM Comment [6]: You need to have a person who was trying to do this. Beth Caruso 2/27/12 4:01 PM Comment [7]: Try making this into a new paragraph and concluding what would be the previous paragraph. Beth Caruso 2/27/12 3:59 PM Comment [1]: Wordy. Beth Caruso 2/27/12 3:59 PM
Comment [2]: Word choice?

Beth Caruso 2/27/12 3:59 PM Comment [3]: Conversational. Beth Caruso 2/27/12 3:59 PM Comment [4]: Conversational.

Beth Caruso 2/27/12 4:00 PM Comment [5]: Try linking these two sentences.

Beth Caruso 2/27/12 4:01 PM

Comment [8]: See previous comment.

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over her right shoulder and next to her left arm (Curtis 21). A little more than a month later, November 9, the fifth victim Mary Jane Kelly, found in a small lodging room, was found with both of her breasts cut off, her nose, and other organs laying on a bedside table. The skins on her thighs were torn off and her heart and viscera had been torn out as well2 (Curtis 22). The police and the medical officers had their hands full trying to examine the mangled bodies, figuring out who the killer is, and trying to catch him. Clearly, when the bodies were found one could tell there were certain parts of the body missing. But a full autopsy showed even more parts were missing. For Annie Chapman, her uterus, and parts of the vagina and bladder had been removed once the autopsy was done. As in the case of Kate Kelly, the left kidney and uterus were found to be missing after an autopsy. In the case for Mary Jane Kelly, the surgeons put back all the organs into its original spot in her body. But they could not find the heart to be placed back. All the organs were found on the bedside table, except the heart. (Curtis 22). The overall responsibility for hunting Jack the Ripper fell to the Metropolitan Polices Criminal Investigation Department (Jones, police investigation). They did not have much lead on the suspect; no clues such as weapons were left behind, no witnesses, nothing basically to go on.3 Each of these did have something in common though; they were all prostitutes. If the killer were to strike next, it would probably be a prostitute as well. There were no weapons left at the crimes scenes but the police and medical examiners, judged that it had to be a long, sharp dissecting knife4 to be used to slice open these women (Curtis 23). The throat was cut across to the extent of about 6 inches or 7 inches. All the injuries were caused by some very sharp instrument, like a knife, and pointed. The walls of the abdomen were laid open, from the breasts downwards. The liver was stabbed as if by the point of a sharp
Beth Caruso 2/27/12 4:03 PM Comment [11]: Clarify the language you use here. In some places, it sounds like the medical professionals were the ones who lost the organs. Beth Caruso 2/27/12 4:04 PM Comment [12]: What is this? Beth Caruso 2/27/12 4:04 PM
Comment [13]: Wordy.

Beth Caruso 2/27/12 4:02 PM Comment [9]: Close this paragraph.

Beth Caruso 2/27/12 4:02 PM Comment [10]: Keep the same tense throughout your paper.

Beth Caruso 2/27/12 4:05 PM Comment [14]: Keep the main idea of this sentence, but try putting it into the end of the previous sentence.

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knife (Rumbelow 60). It had to make precise and deep cuts to cut the womens throat and other organs cut out. Although the press did publish these murder cases in the newspapers, the police did utilize the press as by means of trying to get help from the general people to catch the murderer. The press basically informed the people about the murders.5 But as any writer should think carefully about how to phrase certain sentences, learn what is acceptable for writing about murders and the deceased. The press had to also respect the wishes of the surgeons and detectives. The discovery during the autopsy that a portion of Chapmans stomach had gone missing added a new, macabre, and even more shocking element to the Whitechapel murders. Although the surgeons knew full well which organ the killer had removed, they were reluctant to publicize this information. (Curtis 220). Why might they have been reluctant? Possibly the surgeons did not want the public to be in full shock they asked the press to put other mutilations instead of the missing organ. Each individual press company could choose how to word, phrase, and cover the stories. Each one different; some gave accounts of how long the autopsies took, others pointed out each organ missing. Some were one paragraphs, others pages long. But no matter the length or content, they were careful how they phrased was respectful to the detectives (Curtis 233). Whitechapel, part of the East End of London, was known as a city of poverty and lawlessness6 (Ackroyd 34). Only 3 miles away from the mainstream London high class, the East End was known as the place where the unemployed lived and tried to get work. The East end one will say; a shocking place, an evil plexus of slums that hide human creeping things, where filthy men and women live on pennorths of gin, and none ever combs his hair (Rumbelow 1). Clearly the East End was not a pleasant, little quaint city to live in. Most people
Beth Caruso 2/27/12 4:07 PM Comment [17]: Add the missing words. Beth Caruso 2/27/12 4:05 PM Comment [15]: Unnecessary sentence. Use the previous one. Beth Caruso 2/27/12 4:06 PM Comment [16]: Who had to learn?

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lived in model dwellings, which were government-sponsored housing that allowed citizens to pay two shillings per week (Ackroyd 144). Other housing accommodations were the lodging houses, where many beds were spread out in a single room. These housing accommodations became known as the slums. With tight quarters, there deems to be disagreements and violence but also a place for romance. Working in the slums could have indeed had an air of romance in both its love and its adventure meanings as Beatrice Potter intimated in her diary (Ackroyd 196). Could this romance be the beginnings of prostitution? The women of the East End primarily worked in manufacturing companies. Many

women worked more than just their day jobs; they had a night job, prostitution.7 Urbanization brings prostitution automatically. But for this one specific area of London, the East End, the overloaded population of poor, they still wanted pleasure in some way. Many women chose to do this in order to get extra money on the side to pay for housing and such. As in the case for the Jack the Ripper murders, they all happened to be prostitutes. All of the women identified as victims of the Whitechapel murderer were heavy drinkers and involved in prostitution; alcohol was a coping mechanism as well as an exacerbating factor in the lives structured by real poverty and insecurity (Ackroyd 118). Could Jack the Ripper possibly have an issue with prostitutes? He did remove most of their private areas. There could have been something that drew him to them, was he there for prostitution? So many questions and speculations of why he, what seemed like, targeted prostitutes, but there is no clear answer. The police detectives had their work cut out for them. Trying to solve the mystery

man behind these murders. They first drew conclusions of what some witnesses saw of

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people a couple hours before the murders. Based on the conclusions from ordinary people the police came up with some descriptions of the man they were looking for: Man twenty-eight. 5 ft. 8 in. Dark complexion. Small dark moustache. Dress black diagonal coat, collar and tie, hard felt hat, respectable appearance, carried a parcel wrapped in newspaper. Man thrity. 5 ft 5in. Fair, hair dark, small brown moustache. Dress dark jacket and trousers, black cap with peak. Man. Age thrity. 5ft 7 or 8 in. fair, fair moustache, medium build. Dress- pepper and salt colour loose jacket, cloth cap with peak of same material, reddish kerchief tied in a knot. Appearance of a sailor (Sharkey 91)8 Since there was not any evidence or clear witnesses, the detectives had nothing really to go off of. Based off the precise cuts, the detectives thought it possible for a doctor/surgeon or butcher man could have been the killer. In these categories, they each had their reason of being a suspect other than their occupation description. For example, Chapman or Klosowski, to use his real name, has always been a strong suspect. His background [surgeon], his opportunity, his criminality all a match (Sharkey 96). Physically, Klosowski resembled the scat descriptions of the murderer (Sharkey 97). Although the police had suspects back then, today the number of suspects out grows
Beth Caruso 2/27/12 4:10 PM Comment [18]: Valerie: You have a solid paper here, and you certainly cover your points well, but as you work to revise, I would suggest that our main revisions should focus on word choice. In many instances, your sentences are wordy, or you leave out words. Look back at your sentences to be sure you say exactly what you want to say, but in a more succinct manner. Also, work to take out some of the questions you have in your paper by changing them to statements. Questions can add a sense of uncertainty to a writing, but statements make the writing stronger. Endnotes: Although you have more endnotes, I would suggest, just as you mention in your memo, that you should add more information and details to them in order to help you for your concept. Im looking forward to seeing how it will work out! -Ms. C

100 people. Each year researchers and detectives still try to figure out who Jack the Ripper was (Jones, Suspects). We may never know who Jack the Ripper really was but that doesnt mean he has

not left an impact on society. The five notorious women who were murdered were nonetheless killed viciously and no one deserves to have their life taken away.

Works Cited

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Ackroyd, Peter. Introduction. Jack the Ripper and the East End. ED. Alex Werner. Great Britain: Chatto and Windus.2008. Print. Curtis, L. Perry Jr. Jack the Ripper and the London Press. New Haven and London: Yale UP 2001.Print.xz Jones, Richard. Jack the Ripper History. 2010. web.12 February 2012. Rumbelow, Donald. The complete Jack the Ripper. Boston: New York Graphic Society, 1975. Print. Sharkley, Terence. Jack the Ripper: 100 Years of Investigation. Great Britain: Ward Lock Limited, 1987. Print.

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1 I want this to convey that Jack the Ripper murdered or at least dumped some of the bodies on the street. Most of the streets were small and narrow streets, with the typical gas lighting we think of when we think of streetlights in London in the 19th Century. Having a body found in the street just add more creepiness of the situation, it just adds more to the atmosphere. 2 His last known victim Mary Jane Kelly was by far, at least in my opinion, was the most brutal killing. I mean all the flesh torn off and all the organs pulled out. And not just that they were torn out but where some of them were found on the bedside table. I mean how creepy is that. This thickens the plot and will give my story more strangeness and how disturbed an individual must be to even do this. 3 The police did not catch this man. This is the basis of my story, trying to find him and catch him. 4 The weapon, a sharp instrument, probably a knife that a surgeon uses. This leads to question such as, was Jack the Ripper a doctor/ surgeon? If so why was he using these women? Was he testing something out on them? 5 It is interesting as to why the police didnt use the newspapers to get help from the public to catch the killer. Instead the paper was used for social purposes. It brought to light the poor of London. It also captivated the Victorian people, because it was so scandalous and outrageous. 6 This gives the setting. Basically these murders took place in the dump of London. Where the poor resided and unlawful chaos happened. 7 These victims were prostitutes. Leads to questions such as, did the killer have some liking for prostitutes, then something went horribly wrong? Or had he something against them all along? It just boggles my mind to as to why he would chose prostitutes; did he think they were the low of the low? 8 This gives us the description of the man and for my movie that will be dressed with a moustache a black coat and around 5ft. tall. Historically in newspaper this is the description that was drawn as a cartoon.