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Pakistan Railways This article is about the rail company in Pakistan.

For technical details and operations see: 'Transport in Pakistan'. Pakistan Railways Logo Reporting marks PR Locale Pakistan Dates of operation 1947–present Track gauge 1,676 mm (5 ft 6 in) and 1,000 mm (3 ft 3⅜ in) Headquarters Lahore, Punjab Website Pakistan Railways is the state-owned railway company of Pakistan. It is a large organization under the administration of the Pakistani Government's Ministry of Railways. Pakistan Railways provides an important mode of transportation in the farthest corners of the country and brings them closer for business, sightseeing, pilgrimage and education. It has been a great integrating force and forms the life line of the country by catering to its needs for large scale movement of people and freight. The current chairman is Mr. Shakil Durrani. History of Pakistan Railways History of rail transport in Pakistan Extent of the Railway network in 1909 The possibility of Karachi as a sea port was first noticed in the middle of 19th century. Sir Henry Edward Frere was appointed Commissioner of Sindh after its annexation with Bombay in 1847 and sought permission from Lord Dalhousie to begin a survey for a sea port. He also initiated the survey for a railway line in 1858. It was proposed that a railway line from Karachi City to Kotri, steam navigation up the Indus and Chenab rivers up to Multan and from there another railway to Lahore and beyond be constructed. It was on 13 May 1861, that the first railway line was opened for public traffic between Karachi City and Kotri, a distance of 105 miles (169 km). The line between Karachi City and Kiamari was opened on 16 June 1889. During 1897 the line from Keamari to Kotri was doubled. The railway line from Peshawar to Karachi closely follows Alexander’s line of march through the Hindu Kush mountains to the Arabian Sea. Different sections on the

the Pakistani portion of North Western Railways was renamed Pakistan Railways. Gujranwala.122 km) to Pakistan. In 1954. Lahore Cantt.[1] A line to the deepwater port of Gwadar is also proposed. The Kot Adu-Kashmore line was constructed between 1969 and 1973 providing an alternative route from Karachi up the country. and in 1956 the Jacobabad-Kashmore 2 ft 6 in (762 mm) gauge line was converted into broad gauge. Indian Flotilla Company. The busiest routes include: * * * * * Peshawar-Karachi Route Peshawar-Quetta Route Lahore-Sialkot Route Lahore-Faisalabad Route Faisalabad-Khanewal Route Major Stations and Junctions The major stations and junctions between Peshawar and Karachi include: Peshawar. Major Routes The total length of railway tracks in Pakistan is 5. the railway line was extended to Mardan and Charsada.. and in January 1886. Punjab Railway and Delhi Railways. working in a single company.Bhakkar. Wazirabad Jn. were later on amalgamated into the Scinde. Rawalpindi. Punjab & Delhi Railways Company and purchased by the Secretary of State for India in 1885. Gujrat. Jhelum. The four sections.. Chichawatni. Khanewal .. i. contracts were let for studies into a link between Pakistan and China via the border crossing near Kashgar.. In 1961. Proposals In 2007.existing main line from Peshawar to Lahore and Multan and branch lines were constructed in the last quarter of 19th century and early years of 20th century.Kaloorkot Nowshehra Jn.Darya Khan. leaving 5. Sahiwal.. Lahore. Lalamusa Jn.162 km).. 1. which was later on renamed as North Western Railway. Attock city.e.133 km) of North Western Railways were transferred to India.072 miles (8. Mianchannu.Mianwali. At the time of independence. Scinde (Sindh) Railways. Raiwind Jn. Okara.048 route miles (8.947 route miles (3. it was named North Western State Railways.

000.. Khairpur.[citation needed] Freight Traffic The Freight Business Unit. The Freight Business Unit is headed by an additional General Manager. Nawabshah. innovation and modernization. The major stations and junctions between Peshawar and Quetta are: Peshawar to Rohri Jn. particularly of road transport. Shikarpur. Hyderabad Jn. with 12. (same as above). Dera Murad Jamali. and Karachi City. Pannu Aqil Cantt. All possible efforts are made to increase revenues and pass on the benefits to customers. Mach Spezand Jn and Quetta Passenger Traffic Passenger traffic comprises 50% of the railway's total revenue. The freight rates are no longer rigid but flexible. which is the Railways' main competitor. Petroleum Oil & Lubricants (POL). Pakistan Railways carries 65 million passengers annually and daily operates 228 mail. industrial and imported products.. Tandu Adam. Risalpur Pakistan Railways Headquarters in Lahore. The number of passengers carried daily is thus about 178. coal. rock phosphate. About 39% of the revenue is generated from the transportation of POL products. container traffic and sugar. Pakistan Railways also operates special trains during occasions like congregations of the Dawat-e-Islami and the Tableeghi Ijtima. During 1999-2000.. 19% from imported wheat.[citation needed] The Freight Business Unit offers services to meet customer requirements and reduce costs through efficiency. operates over 200 freight stations on the railway network. The Unit serves two major ports of Karachi and Bin Qasim as well as all four provinces of the country and generates revenue from the movement of agricultural.. Ab-e-Gum. Kotri Jn. this amounted to Rs. cement. Bhiria Road...[citation needed] The Freight Rates structure is based on market trends. Khanpur.8 billion. Bahawalpur... Landhi Jn.000 personnel.. 4. Lodhran Jn. Sukkur.Jangshahi. and quantum offered.Jn. fertilizer and rock phosphate. depending on the lead. Karachi cantt. wheat. Sadiqabad. Pakistan .. Samasatta Jn. Rahim Yar Khan. Rohri Jn. Sibi Jn. express and passenger trains. Jacobabad Jn. fertilizer. peak-off peak season. Multan cantt..[citation needed] Pakistan Locomotive Factory. The remaining 42% is earned from domestic traffic.

but this is being gradually tackled by converting the narrow gauge lines to broad gauge. The biggest among those is the Railways Police followed by Stores and Purchase. . Railways Workshops Division.676 mm (5 ft 6 in) and 1.1496. The Audit and Accounts.[2] Apart from manufacturing new locomotives.00 million. Current Problems Gauge Pakistan railway still suffers from a mixture of gauges.2284.Pakistan Railways Headquarters in Lahore. the department will continue to decline.000 hp AGE-30 diesel-electric locomotives is at the verge of its completion. The biggest problem for Pakistan Railways is the soaring budget deficit. twenty three PHA-20 type 2. The reason for this loss the presence of unnecessary departments which are white elephant for Pakistan Railways. These organizations are heavily overstaffed. However. The factory can produce two diesel-electric locomotives per month on single-shift basis. If they will continue to ignore the presence of non-productive over staffed departments with very insignificant contribution in overall performanc e of Pakistan Railways.[2] Since 1993. it is legitimate to expect from railways to meet at least operational expenses.[2] The ongoing project of 3. and General Administration staff need drastic cuts. Although railways are traditionally not expected to earn profit. as well as electric locomotives with minor adjustments. It shall never be in a position to meet the expectations of public. Their utility for railways is marginal at best. The factory is equipped with the state-of-the-art equipment which can be employed in the building of diesel-electric locomotives of suitable horsepower. with little narrow gauge remaining. If the policy makers has the stomach to make tough choices and get rid of the white elephents and introduce necessary reforms. the Pakistan Locomotive Factory has also successfully rehabilitated five diesel-electric locomotives of GRU-20 Type and manufactured other various spares/components for railway maintenance divisions and rehabilitation projects. 1. but this can be doubled by introducing a second working shift.000 hp diesel-electric locomotives have rolled out of the factory.00 million. was put into service in 1993 with the collaboration of Government of Japan at a total cost of Rs.000 mm (3 ft 3⅜ in). which is a milestone in the history of the factory. Pakistan The Pakistan Locomotive Factory at Risalpur. including a foreign exchange component of Rs. These department should be abolished from Railways without further delay. the budget deficit of railways can be reduced to bare minimum. a public spread on an area of 251 acres.

676 mm (5 ft 6 in) * Central Asia .1.2007 QUETTA: Former Railways Minister Sheikh Rashid (2007) has said construction work on the 295 km Bostan-Zhob railway section will be started soon and the narrow gauge railway track will be converted into the broad gauge. All down trains were terminated at Landhi and the rakes and the locos made the turn around from Landhi. the upcountry Super Parcels Express derailed while crossing the Malir Bridge near Landhi in the Karachi Division. Adjacent Countries Should Pakistan Railways link up with railways to the west and north.1. The delay in this respect is not good for the prosperity of Pakistan Railways. Eight bogies were substantially damaged when an axle broke due to over loading. North Africa .435 mm (4 ft 8½ in) / 1. and the Tezgam Express travelling in the opposite direction hit several of the derailed carriages.676 mm (5 ft 6 in) * China . derailing 13 carriages and leaving at least 120 dead. . Europe. Thailand and beyond) .000 mm (3 ft 3⅜ in) Accidents * Ghotki train crash o In its worst accident in recent years.1. The rail traffic was suspended for 24 hours.[3] Wikinews has related news: Train crash in southern Pakistan kills more than a hundred * Super Parcel Express o On 21 August 2005.676 mm (5 ft 6 in) * South East Asia (Bangladesh. Middle East. [1] The Pak-china rail traffic corridor is of immense strategic importance. the conductor of the Karachi Express misread a signal.524 mm (5 ft) / 1. The Karachi Express ran into the back of the Quetta Express while it was stopped at a station near Ghotki. Myanmar.435 mm (4 ft 8½ in) / 1. According to officials.1. three passenger trains collided on 13 July 2005. breaks of gauge will be created so: * Iran.

This anomaly was not visualised by the project planners.[4] Also. But after the initiation of doubling of track from Khanewal to Lahore the electrification of this piece of track has been virtually suspended. In addition. plans to increase train speeds. Pakistan Railways does not have any electrified section.[6] Electrification The 274 km (170 mile) section between Lahore and Khanewal is currently electrified. The Bostan-Zhob narrow-gauge railway line will be converted into broad gauge within one year. These two projects will be developed at a cost of US$1. . install more lengths of double track and to convert the country's railways to standard gauge and establish direct rail connections with China have been announced by the president of Pakistan. a high-speed railway (about 300km/h) between Punjab and Sindh is planned at a cost of $1 billion. there are several ongoing schemes of expansion into West Asia and electrification (worth about $2 billion) over the five year period from 2005-2010. but can't go back to Lahore for the second line is not electrified. for all practical purposes. Ministry of Railways announced that railway tracks between Gwadar and Quetta will be built.[5] In late 2006. And now. The second track line is not electrified and it is not possible to run electric locomotives on single line.25 billion.Development plans In 2006. The locomotive will easily come from Lahore to Khanewal.