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ISOLATED FOOTING OF UNIFORM THICKNESS FOR A RC COLUMN INPUT DATA: LOAD,W = 600kN Column size: 500mm*500mm.

SBC of soil = 120kN/m^2.
Let us take M 20 , Fe415 steel.

Design constants: for given set of materials ,we have kc = 0.289: jc = 0.904 and RC = 0.914 SIZE OF FOOTING : W = 600kN . W’ = 10% of 600kN = 60kN
Base area reqd. A = 660/120 = 5.5 m^2 Size B of square =√ = 2.345m. provide a square footing of 2.4 m * 2.4 m.

Net upward pressure ,Po = 600/(2.4*2.4) = 104.17 kN/m^2

DESIGN OF SECTION :
The maximum bending moment acts at the face of column, and its magnitude is given by: M = Po*(B/8)*(B-b)^2 *10^6 N-mm = 104.17*(2.4/8)*(2.4-5)^2 *10^6 = 1.128*10^8 N-mm d=√ =√ = 227mm

CHECK FOR SHEAR :
The depth found above should be checked for shear. For one way shear, the critical section yy is located at a distance d (=227mm) from the face of the column , where shear force V is given by V = Po.B {0.5(B-b) – d} = 104.17 *2.4 {0.5(2.4-0.5) – o.227} = 180.755kN Τc = V/B.d = 180755/(2400*227) = 0.322N/mm^2 Using 12mm Ф bars at 60mm clear cover, total depth will be about 300mm. 227 +60+6 = 293 mm =

Hence from IS code .k = 1 .also, for a balanced section having p = 0.44% for M 20 concrete, Fe 415 and hence, τc = 0.28 N/mm^2 from table 3.1
Hence the permissible shear stress = k. τc = 1*0.28 = 0.28 N/mm^2.

Hence the section is unsafe. Required d = 180755/(2400*0.28) = 269 mm

bo.4)^2 – (0. hence.715 d^2 + 517. of bars = 1995/113.6d – 193636 = 0 d = 251.962 kN Τv = F/(4. the section lies at d/2 from the column face all round. depth is insufficient ).16√ = 0.826 N/mm^2 Permissible shear stress = ks . shear force around the section is F = Po[B^2 – (b + d)^2] = 104.128*10^8/ (230*0.d) = F /4[b + d]d = 544.j . Τv = F/ 4(b+d)d ≤ ks. ks = 1 Also. Also.d) = 1. Hence. available d = 350-6-60 = 284 mm in one direction and 284 – 12 = 272 mm in other direction. using 12 mm Ф bars and a clear cover of 60 mm.1 = 18 bars Provide 18 bars of 12 mm Ф uniformly distributed in each direction.and D = 269+60+6 = 335 mm For two way shear ( punching shear) .e.17[(2.904*272) = 1995 mm^2 Using 12 mm Ф bars. provide a total depth of 350mm.715 N/ mm^2 < punching shear stress Hence the section is unsafe ( i. τc = 0.5 +1) with max.The required effective depth from punching shear point of view is found by equating τ v to permissible shear stress of 0.5 + β) = (0.7mm < 269mm required for one way shear.727)^2] = 544. . DESIGN OF STEEL REINFORCEMENT The area of reinforcement in each direction is given by Ast = M/(σst .715 N/mm^2. no.962/(4*727*227) = 0.τc Ks = (0.τc ( ] ] = 0.16 √ ck = 0. permissible shear stress = 0.715 N/mm^2 Hence. value of 1 . The width b o = (b + d )= 500 + 227 = 727 mm.

safe .CHECK FOR DEVELOPMENT LENGTH : Ld = 45Ф = 45 * 12 = 540mm Providing 60mm side cover. length of bars available 0. TRANSFER OF LOAD AT COLUMN BASE A2 = 500*500 = 250000mm^2 A1 = [500 + 2(2*350)]^2 = (1900)^2 = 3610000 mm^2 for side spread rate of 2: 1 √ =√ =3. safe. .8 =2 = 0.25 *20*2 = 10 N/mm^2 Adopt max.25fck√ Actual bearing pressure = 60000/(500*500) = 2.4 N/mm^2 Hence .5[2400 – 500] – 60 = 890 mm > Ld Hence .5[B-b] – 60 = 0. value of √ Hence permissible bearing stress = 0.

Thus no separate dowel bars are required for transfer of load. into the foundation. . However. it is advisable to continue all the bars of the column.