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# LECTURE NOTES

ON

CATIA

SCF‐124, 2ND FLOOR, PHASE‐VII,  MOHALI. ℡0172‐3056878

INDEX
S.NO. TITLE PAGE. NO.

1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10.

SKETCHER PART DESIGN - SKETCH-BASED FEATURES DRESS-UP FEATURES SURFACE-BASED FEATURES TRANSFORMATION FEATURES MODIFYING PARTS INTRODUCTION TO DRAFTING ASSEMBLY DESIGN WIREFRAME & SURFACE DESIGN GENERATIVE SHEETMETAL DESIGN

1 10 18 24 25 27 29 37 41 50

1 – SKETCHER

The Sketch tools toolbar provides the following options commands: Snap to Point Construction/Standard Element Geometrical Constraints Dimensional Constraints Value fields (Sketch tools toolbar)

Snap to Point
If activated, this option makes your sketch begin or end on the points of the grid. As you are sketching the points are snapped to the intersection points of the grid. Note that this option is also available in the Tools->Options, Mechanical Design -> Sketcher option at the left of the dialog box (Sketcher tab).

Construction/Standard Elements
You can create two types of elements: standard elements and construction elements. Note that creating standard or construction elements is based upon the same methodology. If standard elements represent the most commonly created elements, on some occasions, you will have to create a geometry just to facilitate your design. Construction elements aim at helping you in sketching the required profile. Click the Construction/Standard Element option command from the Sketch tools toolbar so that the elements you are now going to create be either standard or construction element. As construction elements are not taken into account when creating features, note that they do not appear outside the Sketcher. When they are not used anymore, construction elements are automatically removed. Note that in the case of hexagons, construction element type is automatically used for secondary circles. This type of sketch is interesting in that it simplifies the creation and the ways in which it is constrained. Setting a radius constraint on the second circle is enough to constrain the whole hexagon.

Geometrical Constraints
When selected, the Geometrical Constraint option command allows forcing a limitation between one or more geometry elements.

Dimensional Constraints
When selected, the Dimensional Constraint option command allows forcing a dimensional limitation on one or more profile type elements provided you use the value fields in the Sketch tools toolbar for creating this profile.

SCF−124, II−Floor, Phase 7, Mohali, Punjab (INDIA). Phone: 0172−3056878

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Length (L) and Angle (A) fields display the coordinates corresponding to the cursor position. These elements cannot be modified. These colors can therefore be modified using the contextual menu (Properties option and Graphic tab). OR Constraint diagnostics Colors that represent constraint diagnostics are colors that are imposed to elements whatever the graphical properties previously assigned to these elements and in accordance with given diagnostics. as you are moving the cursor.Value Fields (Sketch tools toolbar) The values of the elements you sketch appear in the Sketch tools toolbar as you move the cursor. Punjab (INDIA). As a result. Green: Fixed Element The geometry has been fixed using the Constraint Definition dialog box or the contextual menu (right mouse button). COLORS and DIAGNOSTICS SOLUTION: Add constraints. These elements cannot be visualized in the 3D and therefore cannot be used to generate solid primitives. the element is assigned the color as defined in the Properties dialog box (Graphic tab). Vertical (V). In the following scenario. too PRECISION CAD TECHNOLOGIES SCF−124. the sketch. graphically speaking. Green: Iso-Constrained Element All the relevant dimensions are satisfied. In other words. As a result. Phone: 0172−3056878 2 . as soon as the diagnostic is solved. use edges. COLORS and GRAPHICAL PROPERTIES Grey: Construction Element Elements that are internal to. the Horizontal (H). you are going to sketch a line by entering values in the appropriate fields. dimensional constraints. II−Floor. Using Colors Two types of colors may be applied to sketched elements. geometry that depend(s) on the problematic area will not be recalculated. Remove one or more many dimensional constraints. The geometry is fixed and cannot be moved from its geometrical support. White: Under-Constrained Element The geometry has been constrained: all the relevant dimensions are satisfied but there are still some degrees of freedom remaining. These elements are used as positioning references. Red Orange: Selected Element A subgroup of elements actually selected (the Select icon is similarly active). You can also use these fields for entering the values of your choice. Phase 7. Purple: Over-Constrained Element The dimensioning scheme is overconstrained: dimensions were applied to the geometry. Yellow: Non Modifiable Element For example. Brown: Element Not Changed Remove one or more Some geometrical elements are over-defined or not-consistent. and only visualized by. Mohali. These two types of colors correspond to colors illustrating: Graphical properties Colors that can be modified.

Mohali. you have several possibilities: • Double-click the sketch or an element of the sketch geometry. Set At least one dimension value needs to be changed. PRECISION CAD TECHNOLOGIES SCF−124.Red: Inconsistent Element Add dimensions. either in the geometry area or in the specification tree. Punjab (INDIA). Editing an existing sketch To edit an existing sketch. This creates a "nonpositioned" sketch (i. Creating a sketch To create a sketch. • Select the Sketch with Absolute Axis Definition icon and specify the reference plane. The sketch absolute axis may "slide" on the reference plane when the part is updated. Select the Sketcher icon and click the desired reference plane either in the geometry area or in the specification tree. right-click the sketch in the specification tree. This is the recommended method for creating a sketch. a sketch for which you do not specify the origin and orientation of the absolute axis. which are not associative with the 3D geometry). h and v are aligned to the main axes of this selected plane. Phase 7. • • Select one plane of the local axis. This is also dimension value(s) the case when elements are underconstrained and the system properly. or select a planar surface. and the origin and orientation of the axis system. and then select Edit. point to [sketch name] object in the contextual menu. Phone: 0172−3056878 3 . Associativity is kept between both the plane and the sketch. as it enables you to define explicitly the position of the axis system and ensures associativity with the 3D geometry. • To do this from the 3D. proposes defaults that do not lead to a solution.e. you have several possibilities: • Select Start -> Mechanical Design -> Sketcher from the menu bar. This enables you to create a positioned sketch. II−Floor.

center and apex. apex and then the parabola two extremity points. Create an ellipse Use the Sketch tools toolbar or click to define the ellipse center. end point and second point one after the other. II−Floor. Note that if you position the cursor outside the zone that is allowed for creating a given element. Create a three point arc Use the Sketch tools toolbar or click to define the arc start point. major semi-axis and minor semi-axis endpoints one after the other. second point and end point one after the other. Phase 7. Create a conic PRECISION CAD TECHNOLOGIES SCF−124. Create a rectangle Use the Sketch tools toolbar or click the rectangle extremity points one after the other. Create a parabola Click the focus. Create a hyperbola Click the focus. Connect elements Click the points through which the spline will go.Sketching Simple Profiles The Sketcher workbench provides a set of functionalities for creating 2D geometry and more precisely pre-defined profiles. Create a profile Use the Sketch tools toolbar or click to define lines and arcs which the profile may be made of. second point and end point one after the other. Create a spline Click the points through which the spline will go. and then the hyperbola two extremity points. Create a three point arc (using limits) Use the Sketch tools toolbar or click to define the arc start point. As soon as a profile is created. Mohali. Create a circle Use the Sketch tools toolbar or click to define the circle center and then one point on the circle. Create a circle using coordinates Use the Circle Definition dialog box to define the circle center point and radius. Punjab (INDIA). Create a three point circle Use the Sketch tools toolbar or click to define the circle start point. Create an arc Use the Sketch tools toolbar or click to define the arc center and then the arc start point and end point. the symbol appears. Phone: 0172−3056878 4 . it appears in the specification tree. Create a tri-tangent circle Click three elements one after the other to create a circle made of three tangent constraints.

Click the desired points and excentricity for creating an ellipse, a circle, a parabola or a hyperbola, using tangents, if needed.

Create a line
Use the Sketch tools toolbar or click the line first and second points.

Create an infinite line
Use the Sketch tools toolbar or click the infinite line first and second points.

Create a bi-tangent line
Click two elements one after the other to create a line that is tangent to these two elements.

Create a bisecting line
Click two lines.

Create a symmetrical extension
Use the Sketch tools toolbar or click the center point and then the extremity point of a line that is a symmetrical extension to an existing one.

Create an axis
Use the Sketch tools toolbar or click the axis first and second points.

Create a point
Use the Sketch tools toolbar or click the point horizontal and vertical coordinates.

Create a point using coordinates
Enter in the Point Definition dialog box cartesian or polar coordinates.

Create an equidistant point
Enter in the Equidistant Point Definition dialog box the number and spacing of the points to be equidistantly created on a line or a curve-type element.

Create a point using intersection
Create one or more points by intersecting curve type elements via selection.

Create a point using projection
Create one or more points by projecting points onto curve type elements.

Performing Operations on Profiles
The Sketcher workbench provides a set of functionalities for performing operations on profiles. Note that you can either click on a profile or use the Sketch tools toolbar.

Create corners
Create a rounded corner (arc tangent to two curves) between two lines using trimming operation.

Create chamfers
Create a chamfer between two lines using trimming operation.

Trim elements
Trim two lines (either one element or all the elements)

Trim multiple elements
Trim a few elements using a curve type element.

Break and trim
Quickly delete elements intersected by other Sketcher elements using breaking and trimming operation.

Close elements
Close circles, ellipses or splines using relimiting operation.

Complement an arc (circle or ellipse)
SCF−124, II−Floor, Phase 7, Mohali, Punjab (INDIA). Phone: 0172−3056878

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Create a complementary arc.

Break elements
Break a line using a point on the line and then a point that does not belong to the line.

Create symmetrical elements
Repeat existing Sketcher elements using a line, a construction line or an axis.

Translate elements
Perform a translation on 2D elements by defining the duplicate mode and then selecting the element to be duplicated. Multi-selection is not available.

Rotate elements
Rotate elements by defining the duplicate mode and then selecting the element to be duplicated.

Scale Elements
Scale an entire profile. In other words, you are going to resize a profile to the dimension you specify.

Offset Elements
Duplicate a line, arc or circle type element.

Project 3D elements onto the sketch plane
Project edges (elements you select in the Part Design workbench) onto the sketch plane.

Creating Silhouette Edges
Create silhouette edges to be used in sketches as geometry or reference elements.

Intersect 3D elements with the sketch plane
Intersect a face and the sketch plane.

Copy/paste elements
See how sketched elements behave when copying/pasting elements that were created via projection or intersection.

Isolate projected/intersected elements
Isolate the elements resulting from the use of the Project 3D Elements 3D Elements icons. or Intersect

Analyze the sketch
Display a global or individual status on the sketch and correct any problem. You can sketch pre-defined profiles either via corresponding icons or via the menu bar (Insert/Operation/Predefined Profiles).

SCF−124, II−Floor, Phase 7, Mohali, Punjab (INDIA). Phone: 0172−3056878

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Setting Constraints
You can set geometrical and dimensional constraints on various types of elements.

Create quick dimensional/geometrical constraints
Set constraints on elements or between two or three elements. The constraints are in priority dimensional. Use the contextual menu to get other types of constraints and to position this constraint as desired.

Define constraint measure direction
Define the measure direction as you create a dimensional constraint.

Create contact constraints
Apply a constraint with a relative positioning that can be compared to contact. You can either select the geometry or the command first. Use the contextual menu if you want to insert constraints that are not those created in priority.

Modify constraint definition
Double-click a constraint a modify the definition using the Constraint Definition dialog box.

Create constraints using a dialog box
Set various geometrical constraints between one or more elements using a dialog box and if needed, multi-selection.

Modify constraints on/between elements
Edit geometrical constraints defined on elements or between elements either in the Sketcher or in the 3D area.

Autoconstrain a group of elements
Detects possible constraints between selected elements and imposes these constraints once detected.

Animate constraints
Assign a set of values to the same angular constraint and examine how the whole system is affected.

What are Constraints?
There are times when simple sketches are adequate for your design process, but you will often need to work on more complex sketches requiring a rich set of geometrical or dimensional constraints. The Sketcher workbench provides constraint commands which will allow you to fully sketch your profiles. When you apply constraint on curves, lines, circles and ellipses, the complete geometrical support is taken into account.

Geometrical Constraints
A geometrical constraint is a relationship that forces a limitation between one or more geometric elements. For example, a geometrical constraint might require that two lines be parallel. If you select three lines, or two lines and a point, these elements will automatically result parallel to each others, as illustrated in the table further down. You can set a constraint on one element or between two or more elements.

Number of Elements
One Element Two Elements Three Elements

Corresponding Geometrical Constraints
Fix, Horizontal, Vertical Coincidence, Concentricity, Tangency, Parallelism, Midpoint, Perpendicularity Symmetry, Equidistant Point

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PRECISION CAD TECHNOLOGIES SCF−124. When you position the cursor on constraint symbols. a single type of constraint is proposed for defining the contact: A point and a line: coincidence Two circles: concentricity Two lines: coincidence Two points: coincidence A line and a circle: tangency A point and any other element: coincidence Two curves (except circles and/or ellipses) or two lines: tangency Two curves and/or ellipses: concentricity Creating a Constraint Between a 2D and a 3D Element When you need to create a constraint between a 3D element and a line. This is the case when the projection or intersection resulting use-edge does not give a unique solution. For example. for example. You can combine dimensional constraints to constrain a feature or sketch. Radius/Diameter. Semiminor axis Distance. Punjab (INDIA). Creating Constraints via a Dialog Box You can use the Constraint command to finalize your profile and set constraints consecutively. If you want the constraints to be create you must check for dimensional constraints and for geometrical constraints. Phase 7. Angle You can apply a diameter constraint between two lines provided one of these lines is an axis line. a yellow constraint indicates that the definition is not valid. Multi-select the elements to be constrained. Mohali. For example. 1. According to the elements you select. the use-edge (projection of one side of a pad) corresponds to several limit edges of the side. the software calls your attention on the elements involved in the constraint system. You will therefore have to use manually the projection operators. As a result. Semimajor axis. Conversely. Click the Constraints Defined in Dialog Box icon from the Constraint toolbar. it might control the length of a line. The Constraint command allows you setting dimensional or geometrical constraints but you will mainly use it to set dimensional constraints. Number of Elements One Element Two Elements Corresponding Dimensional Constraints Length. In other words. or the distance between two points. or by means of the contextual command (right-click). You may define several constraints simultaneously using the Constraint Definition dialog box. this creation may result impossible. II−Floor. you will not be able to select this 3D element when creating the constraint. 2. two lines. You can set a dimensional constraint on one element or between two elements.When creating your constraint. You will use the Constraint command to finalize your profile. Dimensional Constraints A dimensional constraint is a constraint which value determines geometric object measurement. remember that a green constraint is a valid constraint by default. Phone: 0172−3056878 8 .

Phase 7. you will assign a set of values to the same angular constraint and examine how the whole system is affected. • Multi-selection is available. Horizontal. PRECISION CAD TECHNOLOGIES SCF−124. Auto-Constraining a Group of Elements The Auto Constraint command detects possible constraints between the selected elements and imposes these constraints once detected. Fix. you just have to convert this constraint into a radius constraint by double-clicking it and choosing the Radius option. • These constraints may be constraints to be applied either one per element (Length. a diameter constraint is created on closed circles when checking the Radius/Diameter option. You will actually see the piston working. Mohali. • If constraints already exist. If you need a radius constraint. Phone: 0172−3056878 9 .The Constraint Definition dialog box appears indicating the types of constraints you can set between the selected lines (selectable options). II−Floor. Parallelism or Perpendicular). by default. This task shows you how to apply this command on a profile crossed by a vertical line. Vertical) or constraints between two selected elements (Distance. Coincidence. Note that. Punjab (INDIA). they are checked in the dialog box. In other words. Angle. by default. Animating Constraints This task shows you how constrained sketched elements react when you decide to make one constraint vary.

and the hole goes thru material. CATIA creates material. As the application now lets you choose the portion of material to be kept. remember that if the selected surface partly stops the extrusion. II−Floor. • You can select diverse elements constituting a sketch too. This face must stops the whole extrusion. or the material surrounding the profile. as shown in the figure below: When using the 'Up to Surface' option. These profiles must not intersect. The option Reverse side lets you choose between removing the material defined within the profile. Phone: 0172−3056878 12 . the application continues to extrude the profile until it meets a surface that can fully stop the operation. • You can create pockets from sketches including several closed profiles. which is the application's default behavior. not only a portion of it. Multi-Pocket This command creates a pocket feature from distinct profiles belonging to a same sketch and this. Phase 7. If your insert a new body and create a pocket as the first feature of this body. you are going to remove all the material surrounding the initial profile. These profiles must not intersect. • The 'Up to next' limit is the first face the application detects while extruding the profile. • A Few Notes About Pockets • • • CATIA allows you to create pockets from open profiles provided existing geometry can trim the pockets.About Profiles You can use profiles sketched in the Sketcher or planar geometrical elements created in the Generative Shape Design workbench (except for lines). The multi-pocket capability lets you do this at one time. PRECISION CAD TECHNOLOGIES SCF−124. Mohali. using different length values. Pockets can also be created from sketches including several profiles. Punjab (INDIA).

you need to specify the limit you want. This task shows you how to create a groove. There is a variety of limits: PRECISION CAD TECHNOLOGIES SCF−124. These holes are: If you choose to create a. II−Floor. that is how to revolve a profile about an axis (or construction line). and an axis about which the feature will revolve. the hole depth must be greater than the counter drill depth and the counterdrill angle must be greater than 0 and less than 180 degrees.Shaft You need an open or closed profile. Whatever hole you choose. Phase 7. Groove Grooves are revolved features that remove material from existing features. Note that you can use wireframe geometry as your profile and axes created with the Local Axis capability. Mohali. • Counterbored hole: the counterbore diameter must be greater than the hole diameter and the hole depth must be greater than the counterbore depth. Punjab (INDIA).. • Counterdrilled hole: the counterdrill diameter must be greater than the hole diameter. Various shapes of standard holes can be created.. Phone: 0172−3056878 13 . • Countersunk hole: the countersink diameter must be greater than the hole diameter and the countersink angle must be greater than 0 and less than 180 degrees. Hole Creating a hole consists in removing material from a body. You can use wireframe geometry as you profile and axes created with the Local Axis capability.

. Phase 7. • Selecting an edge and a face allows the application to create one distance constraint. • • • • • The area you click determines the location of the hole. you can use its properties. You can define three different thread types: No Standard: uses values entered by the user Metric Thin Pitch: uses AFNOR standard values Metric Thick Pitch: uses AFNOR standard values Remove Lofted Material The Remove Loft capability generates lofted material surface by sweeping one or several planar section curves along a computed or user-defined spine then removes this material. Remember that the Sketcher workbench provides commands to constrain the point used for locating the hole. Selecting a circular face makes the hole concentric with this face. you can double-click this constraint to edit its value. Multi-selecting a circular edge and a face makes the hole concentric to the circular edge. The material can be made to respect one or more guide curves. CATIA creates a concentricity constraint. In this case. If the grid display option is activated.Remember That. II−Floor. but you can drag the hole onto desired location during creation using the left mouse button. Punjab (INDIA).. However. you can enter the values of your choice. Selecting a line and a face positions the hole along the line. but you can use standard values or personal values available in files too. CATIA creates no concentricity constraint. To define a thread. While creating the hole. Mohali. Phone: 0172−3056878 14 . Threaded Holes The Thread capability removes material surrounding the hole. Editing the line modifies the hole accordingly. PRECISION CAD TECHNOLOGIES SCF−124.

Punjab (INDIA). Mohali. II−Floor. Phase 7.Metric Thin Pitch: AFNOR standard Metric Thick Pitch: AFNOR standard PRECISION CAD TECHNOLOGIES SCF−124. Phone: 0172−3056878 15 .

These profiles must be closed and must not intersect. it can be discontinuous in tangency. To define this direction. you will select the helix axis as the pulling direction. Reference surface: the angle value between axis h and the reference surface is constant.Rib To define a rib. you need to use this option if your center curve is a helix. a planar profile and possibly a reference element or a pulling direction. PRECISION CAD TECHNOLOGIES SCF−124. In this case. A Few Words about the Keep Angle Option The position of the profile in relation to the center curve determines the shape of the resulting rib. Phase 7. When sweeping the profile. II−Floor. the application keeps the initial position of the profile in relation to the nearest point of the center curve. you need a center curve. Ribs can also be created from sketches including several profiles. For example. you need a center curve. you can select a plane or an edge. Punjab (INDIA). For example. Mohali. a reference element and possibly a pulling direction. the following rules should be kept in mind: • 3D center curves must be continuous in tangency • If the center curve is planar. The application computes the rib from the position of the profile. The Merge ends option is to be used in specific cases. Phone: 0172−3056878 16 . These profiles must be closed and must not intersect. you can easily obtain a pipe by using a sketch composed of two concentric circles: Profiles You can create ribs by combining the elements as follows: Result Moreover. Slots can also be created from sketches including several profiles. It creates material between the ends of the rib and existing material provided that existing material trims both ends. You can control profile’s position by choosing one of the following options: Keep angle: keeps the angle value between the sketch plane used for the profile and the tangent of the center curve. Slot To define a slot. Pulling direction: sweeps the profile with respect to a specified direction. a planar profile.

The Relimitation tab lets you specify the loft relimitation type. they cannot be coupled using this option. Mohali. If they do not have the same number of points. Punjab (INDIA). • when one or both are checked: the loft is limited to corresponding section • when one or both are unchecked: the loft is swept along the spine: o if the spine is a user spine. but if you wish to impose a curve as the spine to be used. You can then edit the profile.Stiffener About Profiles • • • You can use wireframe geometry as your profile. the loft is limited by the spine extremities o if the spine is an automatically computed spine. you just need to click the Spine tab then the Spine field and select the spine of your choice in the geometry. or sub-elements only. the Stiffener Definition dialog box reappears to let you finish your design. or on none. the application computes a spine. Tangency: the curves are coupled according to their tangency discontinuity points. and guides are selected. they cannot be coupled using this option. only on the End section. Once you have done your modifications. The feature can be made to respect one or more guide curves. Phase 7. Clicking the icon opens the Sketcher. they cannot be coupled using this option. the loft is limited by the guides extremities. You can choose to limit the loft only on the Start section. Phone: 0172−3056878 17 . If they do not have the same number of vertices. Loft You can generate a loft feature by sweeping one or more planar section curves along a computed or user-defined spine. PRECISION CAD TECHNOLOGIES SCF−124. on both. II−Floor. Several coupling types are available in the Coupling tab: Ratio: the curves are coupled according to the curvilinear abscissa ratio. you can define whether you need the whole profile. The resulting feature is a closed volume. If they do not have the same number of points. Tangency then curvature: the curves are coupled according to their curvature discontinuity points. and no guide is selected: the loft is limited by the start and end sections o if the spine is an automatically computed spine. Vertices: the curves are coupled according to their vertices. By default. In some cases.

Together. Without Trim ribbons With Trim ribbons With Minimal option PRECISION CAD TECHNOLOGIES SCF−124. An arrow appears on the plane to indicate the portion of material that will be kept. the curved surface of an outside corner is generally called a round and that of an inside corner is normally referred to as a fillet. two surfaces. In drafting terminology. Click the Limiting element field and select a Plane that will intersect the fillet. II−Floor. Punjab (INDIA). and that joins. The fillet will be trimmed to that Plane. the new option "Trim ribbons" becomes available: you can then trim the fillets to be created. The fillet will be computed only on a portion of the edge as shown below: • Tangency: tangencies are taken into account so as to fillet the entire edge and possible tangent edges.3 – Dress-Up Features Dressing up features is done by applying commands to one or more supports. Two propagation modes are available: • Minimal: CATIA does not take any tangencies into account. CATIA provides a large number of possibilities to achieve the features meeting your needs. Phone: 0172−3056878 18 . If you set the Tangency mode. Mohali. these three surfaces form either an inside corner or an outside corner. Clicking this arrow reverses the direction and therefore indicates that the portion of material that will be kept will be the opposite one. Phase 7. Edge fillets are smooth transitional surfaces between two adjacent faces. Edge Fillet A fillet is a curved face of a constant or variable radius that is tangent to.

Face-Face Fillet You generally use the Face-face fillet command when there is no intersection between the faces or when there are more than two sharp edges between the faces. Phase 7. A variable radius corner means that at least two different constant radii are applied to two entire edges. It is then possible to control the shape of the fillet. The spine can be a wireframe element or a sketcher element. the application uses circles contained in planes normal to the spine. You can do this by using a spine. To fillet the edge. Phone: 0172−3056878 19 . Variable Radius Fillets Using a Spine There may be times when you need to fillet consecutive edges with no tangent continuity but which you want to treat as a single edge logically. PRECISION CAD TECHNOLOGIES SCF−124. Mohali. II−Floor. The Generative Shape Design product license is required to access this capability.Variable Radius Fillet Variable radius fillets are curved surfaces defined according to a variable radius. There are two propagation modes: Cubic & Linear. Punjab (INDIA).

• draft angle: this is the angle that the draft faces make with the pulling direction. Punjab (INDIA). For an example. • neutral element: this element defines a neutral curve on which the drafted face will lie. This element will remain the same during the draft. Phase 7.Tritangent Fillet The creation of tritangent fillets involves the removal of one of the three faces selected. please refer to Draft with Parting Element. the pulling direction is given by the first face you select. This angle may be defined for each face. • parting element: this plane. The Propagation option can be set to: None: there is no propagation Smooth: the application integrates the faces propagated in tangency onto the neutral face to define the neutral element. By default. Mohali. Phone: 0172−3056878 20 . face or surface cuts the part in two and each portion is drafted according to its previously defined direction. Chamfer Chamfering consists in removing or adding a flat section from a selected edge to create a beveled surface between the two original faces common to that edge. The characteristic elements are: • pulling direction: this direction corresponds to the reference from which the draft faces are defined. II−Floor. Basic Draft Drafts are defined on molded parts to make them easier to remove from molds. This is an example of what you can get: PRECISION CAD TECHNOLOGIES SCF−124. The neutral element and parting element may be the same element. You obtain a chamfer by propagation along one or several edges. Multiselecting three faces then clicking the Tritangent Fillet icon tells the application to remove the third face. Neutral Elements • It is possible to select several faces to define the neutral element. as shown in Draft with Parting Element.

• or Define parting element and then explicitly select a plane or a planar face as the parting element. For this purpose. Draft with Parting Element To define the parting element. Punjab (INDIA). you cannot draft faces by using a constant angle value. Note that two modes are available: Independent: you need to specify two angle values Driving/Driven: the angle value you specify for one face affects the angle value of the second face. Variable Angle Draft Sometimes. This is an example of what you can get: Advanced Draft The Advanced Draft command lets you draft basic parts or parts with reflect lines but it also lets you specify two different angle values for drafting complex parts. you can check: • Parting = Neutral to reuse the plane you selected as the neutral element. you need to the draft by Variable Draft option. Mohali. Phone: 0172−3056878 21 .• You can use neutral elements that do not intersect the faces to be drafted. II−Floor. Phase 7. even if you set the Square mode. PRECISION CAD TECHNOLOGIES SCF−124.

Mohali. the value for the second shell should be lower by half than the value of the first shell. A Few Notes About Shells • • In some specific cases. PRECISION CAD TECHNOLOGIES SCF−124. Phone: 0172−3056878 22 . If the chosen angle value exceeds the angle value of the faces adjacent to the face to be drafted. you then need to activate the Square option available from the Draft form drop list. Here is an example of a drafted face obtained using the Square option: • • The use of the Square option does not guarantee that parts will be easily removed from their molds. Punjab (INDIA). To perform the draft. Phase 7.Angle Values You can draft faces using a negative value. while keeping a given thickness on its sides. This task shows how to create a cavity. The specification tree then includes only one Shell feature as illustrated below. Shelling may also consist in adding thickness to the outside. II−Floor. perform only one Shell operation: select one face by domain to avoid problems. Draft from Reflect Lines Shell Shelling a feature means emptying it. an error message is issued. you may need to perform two shell operations consecutively. If you need to shell a multi-domain body. To avoid problems.

Phone: 0172−3056878 23 . Phase 7.Thread/Tap The Thread/Tap capability creates threads or taps. The Numerical Definition frame provides three different thread types: No Standard: uses values entered by the user Metric Thin Pitch: uses AFNOR standard values Metric Thick Pitch: uses AFNOR standard values There is no geometrical representation is the geometry area. Punjab (INDIA). Mohali. You can extract drawings from threads and taps in the Generative Drafting workbench. depending on the cylindrical entity of interest. but the thread is added to the specification tree. PRECISION CAD TECHNOLOGIES SCF−124. II−Floor.

Mohali. II−Floor.4 – Surface-Based Features Split You can split a body with a plane. This capability consists in computing the intersection between a given surface and a body while removing useless material. face or surface. Close Surface Sew Surface Sewing means joining together a surface and a body. Punjab (INDIA). You can sew all types of surfaces onto bodies. Phone: 0172−3056878 24 . Thick Surface You can add material to a surface in two opposite directions by using the Thick Surface capability. PRECISION CAD TECHNOLOGIES SCF−124. Phase 7.

These features accelerate the creation process. Circular Pattern This figure may help you to define your parameters for circular pattern: PRECISION CAD TECHNOLOGIES SCF−124.5 – Transformation Features Mirror Mirroring a body or a list of features consists in duplicating these elements using a symmetry. Patterns let you do so. Checking the Keep specifications option creates instances with the limit Up to Next. nor shells. II−Floor. Each tab of the Pattern dialog-box is dedicated to a direction you will use to define the location of the duplicated feature. Phone: 0172−3056878 25 . You can select a face or a plane to define the mirror reference. Punjab (INDIA). Using a plane to mirror a body lets you obtain two independent portions of material in a same body. • Your list of features cannot include any body. CATIA allows you to define three types of patterns: rectangular. the first feature you select must not be a dress-up feature. Rectangular Pattern You may need to duplicate the whole geometry of one or more features and to position this geometry on a part. nor associated bodies. Up to Plane or Up to Surface defined for the original feature. circular and user patterns. The following mirror is obtained by using plane zx as the reference. Complex Patterns You can pattern a list of Part Design features. Mohali. These rules are to be kept in mind before patterning a list of features: • When multi-selecting. nor splits. Phase 7. • Your list of features cannot include any transformation features. Up to Last.

Mohali. Phase 7. Punjab (INDIA).PRECISION CAD TECHNOLOGIES SCF−124. Phone: 0172−3056878 26 . II−Floor.

Note that: • if the original element you patterned contains a dress-up feature.. If the option is checked: all instances have the same orientation as the original feature. you can move them to the location of your choice. you need to explode your pattern. Phase 7. contextual command. These points are created in the Sketcher. Exploding Patterns During your design you may decide to perform specific operations on a certain number of instances created via the Pattern command. PRECISION CAD TECHNOLOGIES SCF−124.In addition to performing the steps described. Right-click the pattern you want to explode. Before performing such operations. As many times as you wish at the locations of your choice. which makes each instance independent. Punjab (INDIA). Phone: 0172−3056878 27 . • However.1object -> Explode. 1. II−Floor. if a dress-up feature has been defined on a pattern instance. you could have used "Radial alignment of instances" option that allows you to define the instance orientations. Mohali. The geometry remains unchanged. For example. exploding the pattern does not delete the fillet defined on each instance. If the option is unchecked: all instances are normal to the lines tangent to the circle. Locating instances consists in specifying anchor points. You obtain as many features in the specification tree as there were instances. exploding the pattern will delete this dress-up feature. User Pattern The User Pattern command lets you duplicate a feature. You can now edit pockets individually. 3. 2. for instance a fillet. Use the RectPattern. Scaling Scaling a body means resizing it to the dimension you specify.. a list of features or a body resulting from an association of bodies.

Phase 7. For changing sketch supports: 1. CATIA requires you to reconsider your design. • manual update. Mohali. Replacing a sketch plane with another one is a way of moving a sketch but it may also be a way of modifying design specifications. Select the Sketch1. Note that you can cancel or interrupt updates. available in Tools -> Options -> Mechanical Design: lets you control the updates of your part. Punjab (INDIA). II−Floor. Indeed some changes to a sketch. What you have to do is just click the Update icon whenever you wish to integrate modifications.Updating Parts The point of updating a part is to make the application take your very last operation into account. To warn you that an update is needed. you entered inappropriate edit values or because you deleted a useful geometrical element. If checked. 2. To update a part. The Update capability is also available via Edit -> Update and the Update contextual command. the update operation is not straightforward because for instance. Select the replacing plane. this option lets the application update the part when needed. Changing Sketch Supports You can replace sketch planes with new planes or planar surfaces. PRECISION CAD TECHNOLOGIES SCF−124. feature or constraint require the rebuild of the part. A progression bar indicates the evolution of the operation. available in Tools -> Options -> Mechanical Design . Phone: 0172−3056878 29 .object -> Change Sketch Support command. This task shows you how to do so. the application provides two update modes: • automatic update. What Happens When the Update Fails? Sometimes. In both cases. CATIA displays the update symbol next to the part's name and displays the geometry in bright red.

The Page Setup dialog box appears. To add a new sheet. II−Floor. select the appropriate standard and the format you want to specify. 2. You can update the current standards by clicking the Update button. This copies the most recent version of the standard file in the drawing. 2. you have to do the following steps: 1. The Insert Frame and Title Block dialog box is displayed. PRECISION CAD TECHNOLOGIES SCF−124. You can choose another format if you want. You can choose a format in the combo box Format Label. the sheet will automatically be assigned the A0 format type. thus reflecting the latest changes an administrator or user may have performed in the standard file. A sheet contains: • a main view: a view which supports the geometry directly created in the sheet • a background view: a view dedicated to frames and title blocks • interactive or generated views The sheet size depends on the standard type.7 – Introduction to Drafting Sheets The Interactive Drafting workbench provides a simple method to manipulate a sheet. if you choose the ISO standard. Creating a Frame Title Block For creating a Title Block. Punjab (INDIA). Phase 7. Mohali. Click the Frame Creation icon from the Drawing toolbar. click the New Sheet icon Modifying a Sheet 1. For example. Select Edit->Background item from the menu bar. Select File -> Page Setup from the menu bar. From the Page Setup dialog box. Phone: 0172−3056878 30 .

and click the Front View icon from the Views toolbar (Projections sub-toolbar). scaling factor and view frame are set by default. you will work on the created sheet unless you define a new sheet. we strongly advise that you tile screen horizontally.Click the Drawing window. 2. For this. These frame and arrows allow defining the location and orientation of the view to be created. Click on the drawing sheet or at the center of the blue manipulator to generate the view. from the 3D Part viewer. Blue arrows and a green frame including a preview of the view to be created appear on the sheet. If you do not want to have the specification tree displayed. left. 3. right or rotated according to a given snapping. From now on. 1. As long as you see the green frame. For this: Go to Tools->Options->Mechanical Design->Drafting option (Layout tab) and un-check the View name and Scaling factor options. press the PF3 key. bottom. you can define the frame position using the blue manipulators: top. Throughout this documentation. Phone: 0172−3056878 31 . Punjab (INDIA). In the Generative Drafting workbench. Select the desired planar surface of the 3D part you opened. Phase 7. we decided not to display view names and scaling factors. the view name. At this step. or else according to an edited rotation angle.Creating a Front View A front view is a projection view obtained by drawing perpendiculars from all points on the edges of the part to the plane of projection. The plane of projection upon which the front view is projected is called the frontal plane. go to Window -> Tile Horizontally options from the menu bar. PRECISION CAD TECHNOLOGIES SCF−124. II−Floor. The front view is created. Mohali.

using the cursor. By default. In other words. Punjab (INDIA). Click the Drawing window. you can. this preview behaves as if it were either a left or a right projection view you need to position. Click to generate the view. Select the holes and points required for sketching the callout on the view. the callout will go through the circle center. as you will double-click to end the callout creation. Define the projection view position. The section plane appears at the second point you select and moves dynamically on the 3D part as you create the callout on the drawing. Note that SmartPick assists you when creating the profile. as long as you keep the cursor positioned at any possible projection view location (at the left. This section plane will automatically disappear. Double-click to end the cutting profile creation. top or bottom of the red frame). a preview of the view to be created appears. A preview of the view to be created appears. Positioning the view amounts to defining the section view direction. a linear edge or an axis line (for example. the projection view is aligned to the front view. A transparent plane or pane of glass representing a plane of projection is located parallel to the front surfaces of the part. at any time. use Undo or Redo icons. 3. II−Floor.Creating Projection Views Projection views are views conceived to be drawn or projected onto planes known as planes of projection. If you select a circle. right. The callout blue arrows direction is modified according to the cursor position. 1. Phase 7. 3. Phone: 0172−3056878 32 . the callout will be parallel to the selected edge. Click the Drawing window and click the Projection View icon from the Views toolbar (Projections sub-toolbar). If you are not satisfied with the profile you create. for example the right view position. 1. 2. Creating a Section View This section view will make drawings more readable by replacing the hidden elements of parts including holes with filled areas. 2. As you move the cursor. Mohali. Selecting a circular. and click the Offset Section View icon from the Views toolbar (Sections sub-toolbar). PRECISION CAD TECHNOLOGIES SCF−124. a hole) amounts to making the callout associative by default to the 3D feature. If you select an edge.

You can modify the hatching pattern by pressing the right mouse button on the section cut pattern and selecting the Properties option from the contextual menu. 2. Click inside the blue circle to position the detail view at the desired location. Click a point on the callout. drag the detail view to a new position. Phone: 0172−3056878 33 . Right-click the view and select the Activate View option from the contextual menu whose section cut you want to make. 2. and click the Aligned Section Cut icon from the Views toolbar (Sections subtoolbar). Creating a Section Cut Be careful: the scale of the section cut will depend on the scale of the view this section cut is generated from. The representation is therefore different. Drag to select the callout radius. 5. a hole) amounts to making the cutting profile associative by default to the 3D feature. the section cut is generated from a detail with a scale 4: The section cut scale will also be 4. the Detail view command uses a Boolean operator from the 3D whereas the Quick Detail view command computes the view directly from the 2D projection. 6. In this case. You will then display a Properties dialog box in which you will either select a new hatching pattern or modify the graphical attributes of the existing hatching pattern. and click the Detail View icon from the Views toolbar (Details subtoolbar). Selecting a circular. A blue circle appears at the position of the cursor. a linear edge or an axis line (for example. Mohali.Creating a Detail View A detail view is a partial generated view that shows only what is necessary in the clear description of the object. Click the callout center. 7. Select the Drawing window.Select the holes and points required for sketching the cutting profile. Note that. Move the previewed detail view to the desired location. Phase 7. 4. If needed. Click the Drawing window. 3. 3. 1. II−Floor. Punjab (INDIA). PRECISION CAD TECHNOLOGIES SCF−124. 1.

the cutting plane may be bent so as to pass through those features. Phone: 0172−3056878 34 . This auxiliary view. when you edit the properties of this view (Edit -> Properties). In other words. As a result. together with the top view. Generating an FD&T View An FD&T view is a view that is extracted from a 3D part that is assigned 3D tolerance specifications and annotations. PRECISION CAD TECHNOLOGIES SCF−124. Creating an auxiliary view allows showing the true shapes by assuming a direction of sight perpendicular to planes that are perpendicular of the curves. Phase 7. FD&T views cannot not be rotated. Creating an Auxiliary View Many objects are of such shape that their principal faces cannot always be assumed parallel to the regular planes of projection.Creating an Unfolded View An unfolded view is a projected view that is created from a Sheet Metal part in order to include in a section certain angled elements. the Angle field is set to the gray color. II−Floor. Mohali. completely describes the object. Punjab (INDIA).

Select the product from the specification tree and then a plane on this product. the right. 5. 3. Phone: 0172−3056878 35 . To produce an isometric projection. 2. This operation is applied directly onto the active view. 1. Click to locate the resulting exploded view. Punjab (INDIA). PRECISION CAD TECHNOLOGIES SCF−124. the left. and click the Isometric View icon from the Views toolbar 2. Go to Digital Mock-up workbench (DMU Navigator) and define the Scene with the adequate orientation and with the instances properly positioned. Note that an isometric view created from a product can be re-used for generating an exploded view. as well as blue manipulators appear. it is necessary to place the object so that its principal edges make equal angles with the plane of projection and are therefore foreshortened equally. Go to Drafting workbench and click the Isometric View icon from the Views toolbar. the top. II−Floor. Mohali. Creating an Isometric View Isometric means "equal measure". or rotated using a given snapping or according to an edited rotation angle. Click the Drawing window. Explode the view.Creating a Clipping View and/or a Clipping View Profile A clipping view is a partial view that shows only what is necessary in the clear description of the object. You can re-define the view to be created position using these manipulators: to the bottom. Phase 7. Generating an Exploded View 1. Click the 3D part. 4. A green frame with the preview of the isometric view to be created.

PRECISION CAD TECHNOLOGIES SCF−124. You can also right-click the view. Phase 7. • The geometry that defines the breakout view is not associative with the generated views.Creating a Broken View A broken view is a view that allows shortening an elongated object. Once the breakout view is created. • You cannot generate views from a breakout view. Punjab (INDIA). Mohali. II−Floor. • You cannot apply breakout view and broken view command to the same view. and select the Remove Breakout option. You cannot apply breakout view and broken view command to the same view. but in the same direction and two breaks cannot overlap. it is not positioned in agreement with the standard arrangement of views. A breakout view is one not in direct projection from the view containing the cutting profile. you will remove locally material from a generated view in order to visualize the remaining visible internal part. Phone: 0172−3056878 36 . In other words. You have to define two profiles corresponding to the part to be broken from the view extremities. you can right-click the view. • Once created the breakout view profile cannot be modified. Creating a Breakout View In a breakout view. A breakout view is often a partial section. You can create new breaks in a broken view. You can create breakout view on a view that already contains breakout views. select the Apply to option and click another view you want to apply the breakout to. You can suppress created break via the contextual menu.

The dimensions are automatically generated on all the views. Phone: 0172−3056878 37 . PRECISION CAD TECHNOLOGIES SCF−124. on views including more dimensions. Phase 7. length. For example. or else (iii) automatically created via internal parameters. on the view on which the dimension may be generated. Manipulating Dimensions These dimensions will be associative to the elements created from a part or an assembly. 3. Click the Generating Dimensions icon from the Generation toolbar. radius and diameter. angle. a dimension will appear on a view so that this dimension needs not be also created on another view. 2. II−Floor. For example on projection views instead of detail or section views. Mohali. The generated dimensions will be positioned according to the following criteria: 1. a view on which elements are visualized in non-hidden lines instead of hidden lines. on the view on which the dimension is better visualized. these elements are associated with a view. 4.Generating Dimensions The Generative Drafting workbench provides a simple method for manipulating Dimensions. The generated dimensions are positioned according to the views most representative. This dressup is associative to the elements created from a part or an assembly. You can generate dimensions on views you previously selected. on the view with a bigger scale. When created. only sketched constraints are generated. Note that for views that are generated from surfaces. In other words. Only the following constraints can be generated: distance. on external views. Constraints may be of three kinds: created manually (i) via the sketcher or (ii) via the 3D part. Generating Dimensions in One Shot You can generate dimensions in one shot from the constraints of a 3D part. The dimensions are generated on the views on the condition the settings were previously switched to the dimension generation option. Punjab (INDIA). 5.

You can also use constraints to indicate the mechanical relationships between components. a line (line contact) or a point (point contact). II−Floor. you should keep in mind the following: • You can apply constraints only between the child components of the active component.8 – Assembly Design Using Assembly Constraints Constraints allow you to position mechanical components correctly in relation to the other components of the assembly. The tolerance i. Creating a Contact Constraint Contact-type constraints can be created between two planar faces (directed planes). You just need to specify the type of constraints you wish to set up between two components. PRECISION CAD TECHNOLOGIES SCF−124. Phase 7. The selected component is orange framed (default color). and the system will place the components exactly the way you want. the smallest distance that can be used to differentiate two elements is set at 10 -3 millimeters. The following table shows the elements you can select. Depending on the selected elements. When you set a constraint. Creating a Coincidence Constraint Coincidence-type constraints are used to align elements. • You cannot define constraints between two geometric elements belonging to the same component. The common area between the two planar faces can be a plane (plane contact). Setting constraints is rather an easy task. • You cannot apply a constraint between two components belonging to the same subassembly if this subassembly is not the active component. coaxiality or coplanarity. It is activated by double-clicking. The following table shows the elements you can select. Do not mistake the active component for the selected component: The active component is blue framed (default color) and underlined. you may obtain concentricity. Punjab (INDIA). However. Phone: 0172−3056878 38 .e. It is selected by clicking. there are no rules to define the fixed and the movable component during the selection. Mohali.

The following table shows the elements you can select: Creating an Angle Constraint Angle-type constraints fall into three categories: • Angle • Parallelism (angle value equals zero) Now. you will have to define an angle value. the smallest angle that can be used to differentiate two elements is set at 10 6 radians. Note that this angle value must not exceed 90 degrees. you need to specify how faces should be oriented. The offset value is always displayed next to the offset constraint. The following table shows the elements you can select: PRECISION CAD TECHNOLOGIES SCF−124. The unit used is the unit displayed in the Units tab of the Tools -> Options dialog box. you can customize it.Creating an Offset Constraint When defining an offset constraint between two components. Phone: 0172−3056878 39 .e. when setting a parallelism constraint. The tolerance i. green arrows appear on the selected faces to indicate the orientations. Mohali. If you wish. • Perpendicularity (angle value equals 90 degrees) When setting an angle constraint. Phase 7. Punjab (INDIA). II−Floor.

You can deactivate or activate a set of attached components by using the Deactivate/Activate contextual command available in the specification tree. There are two ways of fixing a component: • by fixing its position according to the geometrical origin of the assembly. 2.Fixing a Component Fixing a component means preventing this component from moving from its parents during the update operation. Phase 7. Phone: 0172−3056878 40 . II−Floor. 3. This operation is possible depending on the supporting elements. Select the constraint to be changed. which means setting an absolute position. Fixing Components Together The Fix Together command attaches selected elements together. Click the Change Constraint icon . You can select any constraints. 4. The Change Type dialog box that appears. This operation is referred to as "Fix in space". Mohali. • Using the Quick Constraint Command The Quick Constraint command creates the first possible constraint as specified in the priority list. displays all possible constraints. the whole set is affected by the constraint. Click Apply to preview the constraint in the specification tree and the geometry. which means setting a relative position. • by fixing its position according to other components. • You can set constraints between components belonging to a set of components fixed together. but they must belong to the active component. Punjab (INDIA). not necessarily in the active component. • If you set a constraint between a component and a set of attached components. Select the new type of constraint. Red parentheses preceding the graphic symbol indicate deactivated sets. You can select as many components as you wish. PRECISION CAD TECHNOLOGIES SCF−124. 1. This operation is referred to as "Fix". A Few Notes about Fix Together You can select a set of attached components to apply the Fix Together command between this set and other components. ` Changing Constraints Changing a constraint means replacing the type of this constraint by another type.

and select the component to be rotated. choose an axis and enter the angle values. Rotate Components: Click this icon. check the Automatic constraint creation option and select the components to be moved and constrained. Explode a Constrained Assembly: Click this icon. click the Rotation tab. click the parameters you wish. Click OK to validate the operation. Moving Components Translate Components: Click this icon. Phone: 0172−3056878 41 . select the parameters you need and select the assembly to be exploded. Punjab (INDIA). Manipulate Components: Click this icon. Deactivating or Activating Constraints Deactivating or activating constraints means specifying if these constraints must be taken into account during updates or not. select the component to be translated and enter the offset values.5. select the component to be moved and drag this component. This task consists in deactivating then activating a constraint. Snap Components: Click this icon and select both elements. Phase 7. Smart Move: Click this icon. PRECISION CAD TECHNOLOGIES SCF−124. Mohali. II−Floor.

Create lines normal to a surface: select a surface and a reference point. a support plane or surface. Create a parallel plane through a point: select an existing plane and a point. and specify the number of planes to be created Create a circle based on a point and a radius: select a point as the circle center. specify the start and end angles. then define a radius for a blending curve is needed Create an offset plane: select an existing plane. Create lines tangent to a curve: select a curve and a reference point. Create points on a surface: select a surface and possibly a reference point. Phone: 0172−3056878 42 . and key in a radius value. and a length. Geometry with no history is called a datum. an element to set the projection orientation. Create lines at an angle or normal to a curve: select a curve and its support. For circular arcs. and a support plane or surface. Phase 7. Y. the start and end points of the line. then specify the start and end points of the line. Creating this geometry is a simple operation you can perform at any time. PRECISION CAD TECHNOLOGIES SCF−124. Create point between another two points: select two points Create multiple points: select a curve or a point on a curve. Z coordinates. then specify the angle value. Create a circle from two points: select a point as the circle center. Create points by coordinates: enter X. Create a plane through three points: select any three points Create a plane through two lines : select any two lines Create a plane through a point and a line : select any point and line Create a plane through a planar curve: select any planar curve Create a plane normal to a curve: select any curve and a point Create a plane tangent to a surface: select any surface and a point Create a plane based on its equation: key in the values for the Ax + Bu + Cz = D equation Create a mean plane through several points: select any three. For circular arcs. specify the start and end angles. Create a plane at an angle: select an existing plane and a rotation axis. then choose a solution. a point on the curve. points Create n planes between two planes: select two planes. Create polylines: select at least two points. and enter a length or ratio. Create lines between two points: select two points Create lines based on a point and a direction: select a point and a line. and enter an offset value. The resulting plane is parallel to the reference plane and passes through the point.9 – Wireframe & Surface Design Creating Wireframe Geometry Wireframe geometry is the geometry that helps you create features when needed. II−Floor. then enter an angle value (90° for a plane normal to the reference plane). Create bisecting lines: select two lines and a starting point. then click the plane. then specify the start and end points of the line. Two creation modes are available: either you create geometry with its history or not. indicate the creation direction or indicate the spacing between points. Punjab (INDIA). a passing point. then specify the start and end points of the line. Create points as a circle center: select a circle Create points at tangents: select a curve and a line. Create points on a plane: select a plane and possibly a reference point. or more. set the number of point instances. and possibly a reference point. Mohali. Create points on a curve: select a curve and possibly a reference point.

Phase 7. set their continuity type and. and click where the circle should be created. For circular arcs. Mohali. specify the extrusion direction and then specify the start and end limits. For circular arcs. Punjab (INDIA). then specify the helix parameters. set tangency conditions and close the spline if needed. a support plane or surface. Create parallel curves: select the reference curve. and pitch as needed. and specify the offset value from the reference. Create corners: select a first reference element (curve or point). Create splines: select two or more points. Creating Extruded Surfaces For creating an Extruded surface. Phone: 0172−3056878 43 . possibly directions. you have to select a profile. then set the radius. a support plane or surface. and either passing points or tangents Create spirals: select a support plane. For circular arcs. select a curve. lofting and sweeping. and key in a radius value. Create combined curves: select two curves. and specify the combine type Create reflect lines: select the support and direction. start and end points. Create conics: select a plane. with a radius: select two curves. and reference direction. center point. Two creation modes are available: either you create geometry with its history or not. if needed. Geometry with no history is called a datum. a support plane or surface. Create projections: select the element to be projected and its support. and enter a radius value. PRECISION CAD TECHNOLOGIES SCF−124.Create a circle from two points and a radius: select the two passing points. key in a radius value. a support surface. specify the projection direction. a support plane or surface. specify the arc based on the selected points. and click where the circle should be created. specify the arc based on the selected points. Create a helix: select a starting and a direction. a passing point. Create a circle tangent to three curves: select three curves. angle. and specify an angle Create intersections: select the two elements to be intersected Creating Surfaces Wireframe and Surface allows you to model both simple and complex surfaces using techniques such as extruding. Creating connect curves: select two sets of curve and point on the curve. For circular arcs. Create a circle from three points: select three points. specify the arc based on the selected points. specify the arc based on the selected points. tension value. II−Floor. at a point: select two curves. if needed a support surface. Create a circle tangent to two curves. Create a circle tangent to two curves.

and select a point. you need to decrease the offset value or modify the initial geometry. an offset may not be allowed. the latter is selected by default as the revolution axis. However. The axis-system determines the orientation of the meridian and parallel curves. You can select another revolution axis simply by selecting a new line. You can click in the Passing point field. The parallel and meridian angular values are then grayed. select a profile and a rotation axis. Parallel angular limits are comprised within the -90° and 90° range. Mohali. Phase 7. Creating Filling Surfaces With this command. II−Floor. • If the profile is a sketch containing an axis. In this case. This point is a point through which the filling surface must pass.Creating Revolution Surfaces For creating a revolved surface. you may need to alleviate the number of constraints by removing the supports. an axis-system defining the meridian & parallel curves orientation. PRECISION CAD TECHNOLOGIES SCF−124. thus adding a constraint to its creation. Meridian angular limits are comprised within the -360° and 360° range. Phone: 0172−3056878 44 . Depending on the geometry configuration and the offset value. You can also choose to create a whole sphere. as it would result in a debased geometry. Creating Spherical Surfaces This task shows how to create surfaces in the shape of a sphere. and key in an angle. The spherical surface is based on a center point. specifying the offset value and choosing the offset direction. if no axis-system has been previously created in the document. you can fill surfaces between a numbers of boundary segments. If not. This point should lie within the area delimited by the selected curves. By default. Otherwise the default axis-system is the current one. the results may be inconsistent. and therefore of the sphere. Following points should be remembered wile making a revolved surface: • There must be no intersection between the axis and the profile. and angular limits. Punjab (INDIA). the axis-system is the document xyz axis-system. Creating Offset Surfaces Offset surface makes a surface by selecting an existing surface.

the surface presents at least tangency continuity. The Smooth sweeping section is used to smooth the sweeping motion along the reference surface. Generally speaking. These sections may be tangent to support surfaces. The smoothing is done for any discontinuity which angular deviation is smaller than 0. the surface presents at least point continuity. If the spine presents tangency continuity. you can impose a tangency onto each guide. Tangency conditions can be imposed on the two symmetrical halves. You can create lofted surfaces between closed section curves. In addition. Phase 7.Creating Swept Surfaces You can create a swept surface by sweeping out a profile in planes normal to a spine curve while taking other user-defined parameters (such as guide curves and reference elements) into account. If the spine presents curvature continuity. The profile is swept out in planes normal to the spine. II−Floor. and therefore helps generating better quality for the resulting swept surface. These curves have point continuity at their closing point. The surface can be made to respect one or more guide curves. In this case. Creating Lofted Surfaces You can generate a lofted surface by sweeping: • one or two planar section curves • one or more planar section curves along a computed or user-defined spine. you can control the positioning of the profile while it is being swept by means of a reference surface. Phone: 0172−3056878 45 . You can sweep an explicit profile: • Along one or two guide curves (in this case the first guide curve is used as the spine) • Along one or two guide curves while respecting a spine. Punjab (INDIA). the sections must also be tangent to the surface. for example). You can impose tangency conditions onto sections and/or guides. The profile position may be fixed with respect to the guide curve (positioned profile) or userdefined in the first sweep plane. check the Position profile button and click the Show parameters >> button to access a set of positioning parameters. This is useful for creating parts that are symmetrical with respect to a plane. by specifying a direction for the tangent vector (selecting a plane to take its normal. provided they are not parallel. This closing point is either a vertex or an extremum point PRECISION CAD TECHNOLOGIES SCF−124. Similarly.5 degree. meaning that there may be a continuity loss when sweeping a profile along a spine. This may be necessary when small discontinuities are detected with regards to the spine tangency or the reference surface's normal. Mohali. Closed section curves can have point continuity at each closing point. the sweep operation has a derivative effect. The Position profile is used if you want to manually position the profile. by selection of a surface or a plane (the direction is tangent to the plane's normal).

Coupling You can use two kinds of coupling during the creation of the lofted surface: • coupling between two consecutive sections • coupling between guides These couplings compute the distribution of isoparameters on the surface. Phone: 0172−3056878 46 . Use the Planar surface detection check button (Canonical Surfaces tab) to automatically convert planar surfaces into planes. Mohali. You can choose to limit the loft only on the Start section. or on none. the loft is limited by the spine extremities o if the spine is an automatically computed spine. Punjab (INDIA). and no guide is selected: the loft is limited by the start and end sections o if the spine is an automatically computed spine. Coupling between two consecutive sections This coupling is based on the curvilinear abscissa. To create a coupling between particular points. II−Floor.automatically detected and highlighted by the system. you can add guides or define the coupling type. on both. only on the End section. • when one or both are checked: the loft is limited to corresponding section • when one or both are when unchecked: the loft is swept along the spine: o if the spine is a user spine. The red arrows in the figures below represent the closing points of the closed section curves. Phase 7. the closing points of each section are linked to each other. By default. The Relimitation tab lets you specify the loft relimitation type. You can change the closing point by selecting any point on the curve. and guides are selected: the loft is limited by the guides extremities. PRECISION CAD TECHNOLOGIES SCF−124.

If they do not have the same number of vertices. If they do not have the same number of points. the resulting loft will contain as many surfaces as curves within the guide. • To edit the coupling. using the Create coupling point contextual menu item.Before Coupling Coupling Applied After Coupling Coupling between guides This coupling is performed by the spine. • Vertices: the curves are coupled according to their vertices. If a guide is the concatenation of several curves. If they do not have the same number of points. Phone: 0172−3056878 47 . they cannot be coupled using this option. instead of selecting an existing point. • Tangency: the curves are coupled according to their tangency discontinuity points. depending on the section configuration: • Ratio: the curves are coupled according to the curvilinear abscissa ratio. • Tangency then curvature: the curves are coupled according to their tangency continuity first then curvature discontinuity points. Manual Coupling (P2 only) If the number of vertices differs from one section to another. PRECISION CAD TECHNOLOGIES SCF−124. Then you select the point to be edited from the list and create/select a replacing coupling point. Several coupling types are available. Punjab (INDIA). II−Floor. Phase 7. simply double-click the coupling name in the list (Coupling tab) to display the Coupling dialog box. • You can create coupling point on the fly. Mohali. they cannot be coupled using this option. you need to perform a manual coupling. they cannot be coupled using this option. then click OK • Use the contextual menu on the coupling list to edit defined couplings.

Creating Blended Surfaces A blended surface is a surface between two wireframe elements. Phone: 0172−3056878 48 . Punjab (INDIA). or it creates an extremum point (you can also manually select another one if you wish). and so forth. It defines the continuity connection between the newly created surface and the curves on which it lies. on one or both support surfaces to trim them by the curve and assemble them to the blend surface: By default the blend surface borders are tangent to the support surface borders. the system detects and highlights a vertex on each curve that can be used as a closing point. You can also specify whether and where the blend boundaries must be tangent to the supports boundaries: • Both extremities: the tangency constraint applies at both ends of the curve • None: the tangency constraint is disregarded • Start extremity: the tangency constraint applies at the start endpoint of the curve only • End extremity: the tangency constraint applies at the end endpoint of the curve only The Start and End extremities are defined according to the arrows in the blended surface's preview. PRECISION CAD TECHNOLOGIES SCF−124. Mohali. II−Floor. Several cases are worth surveying: • blend between curves • blend between closed contours • coupling blend You can set the continuity type using the Basic tab. taking a number of constraints into account. Phase 7. Blend between closed contours: (P2 only for Wireframe and Surface) By default. such as tension. continuity. Activate the Trim first/second support option.

Heal geometry: select at least two surfaces presenting a gap to be healed. then a reference element whose position is close to the sub-element to be created Extrapolate curves: select a curve endpoint then the curve itself. set the propagation type. Phase 7. then a point. Join geometry: select at least two curves or surfaces to be joined. a line as the rotation axis. Mohali. line. or plane as reference element Transform geometry by scaling: select an element. specify the extrapolation limit (length value or limiting surface/plane). translating and rotating. II−Floor. and specify the scaling ratio Transform geometry by affinity: select an element to be transformed. plane or vector). or planar surface as reference element. and specify the rotation angle Perform a symmetry: select an element. specify the axis system characteristics. and re-define the curve limits if needed. Phone: 0172−3056878 49 . then a point. and specify the extremities constraints (tangent/normal) PRECISION CAD TECHNOLOGIES SCF−124. the element made of several sub-elements. and specify the continuity constraints (tangent/curvature) Extrapolate surfaces: select a surface boundary then the surface itself. Disassemble elements: select a multi-cell element. Punjab (INDIA). plane.Blend without specifying Closing Points Blend after specifying Closing Points Performing Operations on Shape Geometry Wireframe and Surface allows you to modify your design using techniques such as trimming. and choose the disassembling mode. and the enter the affinity ratio values Transform geometry into a new axis-system: select an element to be transformed. specify the axis system characteristics. specify the extrapolation limit (value or limiting surface/plane). Trim geometry: select two elements to be trimmed and specify which side of element Create boundary Curves: select a surface's edge. Untrim an element: select a split element. a translation direction (line. and the enter the affinity ratio values Create the nearest sub-element: select the Insert -> Operations -> Near menu item. specify the translation distance Rotate geometry: select an element. and click the icon. Split geometry: select the element to be split and a cutting element. Extract geometry: select an element's edge or face and click the icon Translate geometry: select an element.

Round relief: the bend corresponds to the common area of the supporting walls along the bend axis. Maximum: the bend is calculated between the furthest opposite edges of the supporting walls. either from the drop-down list or using the graphical button underneath. The closed bend extremity lies on the surface of the encountered bend. Mohali. Phase 7. Square relief: the bend corresponds to the common area of the supporting walls along • • • • • • the bend axis. and a round relief is added to the bend extremity. Choose a bend extremity. and shows no relief. • • Minimum with no relief (default option): the bend corresponds to the common area of the supporting walls along the bend axis. Flat joint: the two bends are joined in flat view. The third tab concerns the bend allowance. PRECISION CAD TECHNOLOGIES SCF−124. Closed: the bend corresponds to the intersection between the bends of two supporting walls. Tangent: the edges of the bend are tangent to the edges of the supporting walls. Linear: the unfolded bend is split by two planes going through the corresponding limit points (obtained by projection of the bend axis onto the edges of the supporting walls). The L1 and L2 parameters can be modified if needed. Punjab (INDIA). The L1 and L2 parameters can be modified if needed.Click the Bend Extremities tab to access parameters defining bend extremities. Phone: 0172−3056878 51 . and a square relief is added to the bend extremity. II−Floor.

The bend allowance corresponds to the unfolded bend width. • K Factor Physically. This formula can be deactivated or modified by right-clicking in the K factor field and choosing an option from the contextual menu. This standard is defined for thin steel parts. It can be re-activated by clicking the Apply DIN button. it is represented by an arc located inside the thickness and centered on the bend axis. its own K Factor literal is created. the limit values can also be modified.5. The K factor defines the neutral fiber position: W = α * (R + k * T) where: W is the bend allowance R the inner bend radius T the sheet metal thickness α the inner bend angle in radians. bend < 90deg bend > 90deg L is the total unfolded length A and B the dimensioning lengths as defined on the above figure. Mohali. If β is the opening bend angle in degrees: α = π * (180 . Phone: 0172−3056878 52 .β) / 180 When you define the sheet metal parameters. Punjab (INDIA). Therefore the K Factor value ranges between 0 and 0. The DIN definition for the K factor slightly differs. a literal feature defines the default K Factor and a formula is applied to implement the DIN standard. PRECISION CAD TECHNOLOGIES SCF−124. They are similar to the DIN definition. Phase 7. the neutral fiber represents the limit between the material compressed area inside the bend and the extended area outside the bend. Ideally. II−Floor. W = α * (R + k' * T/2) Therefore k' = 2 * k and ranges from 0 to 1. When a bend is created. Moreover.

In this case. These tables define samples: thickness. II−Floor. it is possible to define bend tables on the sheet metal parameters. an interpolation will be performed.α) / 2) This formula is used by default. matching thickness. When updating the bend. Phase 7. and open angle. a formula "equal to the Sheet Metal K Factor" is activated on the local bend K Factor. the same formula is activated on the bend K Factor replacing the default bend radius by the local bend radius as input. Therefore the bend deduction is related to the K factor using the following formula: V = α * (R + k * T) .Two cases may then occur: a. bend radius. the bend deduction is located in the appropriate bend table. b. PRECISION CAD TECHNOLOGIES SCF−124. Punjab (INDIA). However. In all other cases. If no accurate open angle is found. open angle. Then the bend allowance is deduced using the following formula: W = V + 2 * (R + T) * tan ( min(π/2. Mohali. defined by the formula: L=A+B+V (refer to the previous definitions).2 * (R + T) * tan ( min(π/2. bend radius. the K factor is not used.α) / 2) When the bend deduction is read in the bend table. If the Sheet Metal K Factor has an activated formula using the default bend radius as input parameter. Phone: 0172−3056878 53 . the bend deduction is first computed using the previously defined rules. and bend deduction. the sheet metal deformation is thus represented by the bend deduction V. This formula can also be deactivated or modified. • Bend Deduction When the bend is unfolded.

II−Floor. you can generate a number of features Sheet Metal Parameters Recognize Wall Wall On Edge Extrusion Rolled Wall Cylindrical Bend Conical Bend Flat Bend Unfolding Folding Flange Hem Tear Drop User Flange Hopper Cut Out Hole Threaded Hole Hole Circular Cutout Flanged Hole Bead Circular Stamp Surface Stamp Bridge Flanged Cutout Stiffening Rib Curve Stamp User-defined Stamp Louver Dowel Rectangular Pattern Circular Pattern User-Defined Pattern Corner Relief Corner Chamfer Mirror Mapping Point Line Plane PRECISION CAD TECHNOLOGIES SCF−124. Punjab (INDIA). Phase 7. Mohali.Within the Generative Sheet Metal Design workbench. Phone: 0172−3056878 54 .

Mohali. Consequently. Phone: 0172−3056878 55 . Extrusion This function is used to create a wall by extruding an open sketch. II−Floor. PRECISION CAD TECHNOLOGIES SCF−124.Recognize It is used to recognize the walls. At least one wall must already exist. the following types of stamps can be recognized: • • • • • • Circular stamp Curve stamp Surface stamp Bead Bridge Louver Wall It is used to create a wall from a sketch. Wall On Edge This function is used to create a box in an easy and quick way from an existing reference wall. Phase 7. Punjab (INDIA). bends & stamping features from a V4 model or parts created with Part Design or Sheetmetal Design.

These bends can be created on nonconnex walls. open pipes with flange. Conical Bend Conical bends are different from the standard bend in that they allow different radius values at each end of the bend.). Cylindrical Bend This feature is used to create a bend between two walls. II−Floor. and with a constant radius value. You must have defined the Sheet Metal parameters.Rolled Wall This feature is used to create rolled walls (such as pipes. You can define: • • the left and right extremity settings and the bend allowance settings. etc. in the form of an circular arc. Punjab (INDIA). PRECISION CAD TECHNOLOGIES SCF−124. and have a sketch available. Mohali. Phase 7. Phone: 0172−3056878 56 .

Phase 7. Unfolding & Folding These functions are used to fold or unfold bends in the Sheet Metal part. Folding and Unfolding Bends applies to cylindrical faces such as flange. Mohali. For this bend. PRECISION CAD TECHNOLOGIES SCF−124.Flat Bend This function generates bends based on a line (also called bends from flat). It represents the part of the wall that will not move when the bend is created. bend and surfaces recognized as bend. You can choose the line extrapolation option: Axis BTL (Bent Tangent Line): line corresponding to the limits of the bend's fillet IML (Inner Mold Line): line created by intersecting the internal surfaces of the bend (before filleting) and the wall OML (Outer Mold Line): line created by intersecting the bend support and a plane perpendicular to the wall and normal to the OML. This sketch must contain lines only. the fixed point is automatically set on the face where the profile is lying. You can set the Radius value to 0. Once you chose the lines. II−Floor. select a profile containing one or several lines. Phone: 0172−3056878 57 . The Radius and the KFactor values are the one defined when editing the sheetmetal parameters: Right-click the Radius or the KFactor field and select Formula -> Deactivate from the contextual menu to change the value. Punjab (INDIA).

Tear Drop & Flange Hem PRECISION CAD TECHNOLOGIES SCF−124. Phase 7. Punjab (INDIA).Unfolding the Bends Folding the Bends Flange. Phone: 0172−3056878 58 . Hem. Mohali. II−Floor. User Flange These functions are used to generate predefined flange type shapes on the edges of existing walls from a spine and a profile.

II−Floor. Mohali. The two sketches used to define the loft can be on parallel or non parallel planes. Phase 7. Phone: 0172−3056878 59 . Punjab (INDIA). must lie on the surface. Surfacic hoppers are defined by a ruled surface or a double curvature surface selected by the user or created thanks to the loft command. The reference wire and the invariant point. used to unfold the hopper. with an opening line (for unfolding operations) defined by an edge for surfacic hoppers or two points for canonic hoppers. Defining a surfacic hopper via a loft is highly recommended since it allows detection of all canonical segments. PRECISION CAD TECHNOLOGIES SCF−124.Tear Drop User Flange Hopper This function is used to create a surfacic and a canonic hopper between two sketched profiles. as well as the tear wire.

Flanged Hole This function is used to create a flanged hole by specifying the punch geometrical parameters. Surface Stamp It is used to create a surface stamp by specifying the various geometrical parameters of the punch PRECISION CAD TECHNOLOGIES SCF−124.Cut Out This function is used to create a cutout in a wall. A pocket cutout is built by extruding a profile and removing the material resulting from the extrusion. Phone: 0172−3056878 60 . Mohali. Phase 7. You can create a standard or a pocket cutout. II−Floor. A standard cutout consists in thickening the profile normal to the wall. that is a local deformation in the web. Punjab (INDIA). Flanged Hole Circular Stamp Bead This function is used to create a circular stamp by specifying the punch geometrical parameters. that consists in thicknening the profile normal to the wall. Hole Circular Cutout This function is used to create a circular cutout. Bead This function is used to create a bead.

Mohali. Phone: 0172−3056878 61 . Punjab (INDIA). II−Floor.PRECISION CAD TECHNOLOGIES SCF−124. Phase 7.

Phase 7.Bridge This feature is used to create a bridge by specifying the punch geometrical parameters. II−Floor. Punjab (INDIA). Flanged Cutout This feature is used to create a flanged cutout by specifying the punch geometrical parameters. The stiffener will always be centered on the bend radius. A grid is displayed. Phone: 0172−3056878 62 . wherever the point may be along the curve. Stiffening Rib This feature is used to create a stiffness rib by specifying the punch geometrical parameters. Mohali. PRECISION CAD TECHNOLOGIES SCF−124.

or remove cutting and opening faces. select an edge on the wall and give an angle for orientation purposes. or select. Mohali. PRECISION CAD TECHNOLOGIES SCF−124. Phase 7. Phone: 0172−3056878 63 . Punjab (INDIA). define the opening faces of the punch. Edit a user-defined stamp: double-click the existing stamp and change its type. select a wall. II−Floor. User-defined Stamp Two user-defined stamping features are available: Create a punch with a die: define the punch and die features. Create a punch with opening faces: define the punch. select an edge on the wall and give an angle for orientation purposes.Curve Stamp This feature is used to create a curve stamp by specifying the punch geometrical parameters. choose the punch and die as stamping elements. select a wall.

II−Floor.Louver This feature is used to create a louver by specifying the punch geometrical parameters. In case there are several non-continuous elements. the first one is used as the opening face. Phone: 0172−3056878 64 . The Louver Definition dialog box opens. PRECISION CAD TECHNOLOGIES SCF−124. Punjab (INDIA). Phase 7. providing default values. Mohali. A notch was defined on the web profile between the two fillets' flanges. Dowel This feature is used to punch a dowel in the sheet. This operation enables to prepare the web as to create the flanges that will be later used to define the corner relief. The louver opening face is represented in the sketch by the element that does not present any tangency continuity with the other lines/curve segments of the sketch. Select Sketch-for-Louver is a profile previously defined on Wall. Corner Relief This feature is used to define a corner relief locally on a set of supports. so that flanges do not intersect.

Mohali. II−Floor. A corner relief with supports redefined cannot be created if its profile implies adding matter to the web. Phone: 0172−3056878 65 .• • The creation of a corner relief with supports redefined is not possible as it is not located within the limits of the unfolded flanges. Phase 7. PRECISION CAD TECHNOLOGIES SCF−124. Punjab (INDIA).