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Introduction
This laboratory manual was initially created by my teaching assistants — Dave Gardner, Lauren Zollinger, Josh Jones, and Susan McLaughlin — during the Spring semester of 1999. They wanted the students to have a clear understanding of what they were accountable for, as well as what they could expect to cover in each laboratory session. Since the lab is more readily available to students in the advanced anatomy class, we also want to share with you some protocol concerning the proper use and care of the lab and its valuable materials. Current teaching assistants and myself have modified the original version to help you get the most out of the laboratory experience.

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If you don’t know people in the class. If you learn anything neat on your own about what we’re studying. The following books are beneficial in helping you learn the material. It is available on the computers in the BioMicroLab. Expectations This is a 5000 level class. building more knowledge is impossible. Therefore. you’ll remember it and be able to find it on another piece – and more importantly you will be more likely to be able to identify it on a practical exam. 1 . but when you finally find it. comparative morphology. and neuroanatomy texts in the lab office. It’s also tempting to just have a TA show you everything on one of the dissections. share it with us! Also. There are a few things that you should review and be able to identify on your own in the first one or two weeks of lab: 1. All of the bones of the articulated skull Relearning this material will also be a big help on the midterm lecture tests. It involves a little more work and looking in books. get to know them – especially those in your group. The British Gray’s Anatomy is really great. but without a good foundation. The Atlas of Human Anatomy by Frank Netter is a useful visual aid for the course. Try to find the structure on your own or with your anatomy buddies. Set aside a time during the posted office hours every week when you can come to the lab for an hour or so to review lab material. 2. embryology. All of the muscles in the trunk and limbs (including the hand and foot) 2.com. Moore’s Clinical Anatomy is great. but that isn’t always the best method. 3. We expect you to enjoy it. This normally is much more enjoyable to do with friends taking the class. Your lab manual from Biology 2325 – Human Anatomy informs you how to access the software on the computers. more is expected of you than in Human Anatomy (Bio 2325). If you do put work into it. It takes a little time and work. It means that you want to be here to learn anatomy. memorizing a particular prosection isn’t always helpful. We expect you to put more time and work into it.Anatomy Foundation Much of the information that you will learn in the lab (and in the lecture) requires a good anatomy foundation. Netter’s Atlas is great. we’ll guarantee that you’ll have no regrets at the end of the semester. You can use it to brush up on structures and then you can come to the lab to review them on your own. On the practical exam we might use pieces that you have never seen in the lab. You do not need to go out and purchase the book. There are also other good anatomy. Don’t just point out structures that a TA has already shown you on a particular part in lab. Some suggestions: 1. and bookstore. remember that the Interactive Atlas CD you used in the Human Anatomy course can be an excellent resource for this course also. Use the lab. library. do not hesitate to check your find with a friendly TA after your search. To check yourself. That doesn’t necessarily mean that you’re expected to stockpile more information than the other class. Rohen/Yokochi’s Color Atlas of Human Anatomy is great. Doing a little research on a question also will help you remember what you learn. therefore. The books are available in the libraries on campus or can be purchased through Amazon.

This is especially true of the skulls. Think about anatomy critically. There are no quizzes at the beginning of lab to make you know the parts before we start. There are usually neat and stimulating answers to “why” and “how” questions that keep you desirous to learn more. There is a list of Netter Plates given for each lab that you should study carefully. Come to lab prepared. 6. 2 . 5. Coming to lab unprepared usually results in a bad learning experience. You should come in on your own to see these parts. Coming to office hours on a regular basis will be very beneficial. as it is impossible to cram for exams and the final practical exam. except during lab two.4. we will not be able to go over every structure on the Structures to Identify in Lab list during lab time. Ask questions to the TAs and yourself. Many times.

2. We’d like to keep it that way for future students. Carefully use wires to point out any landmarks or foramina on the skulls. Hey man! Stop playing with my nasal conchae! 3 . The wires are located in the front cupboard by the disarticulated skull box.Care of Skulls We are lucky to have a number of good quality human skulls from which to learn. Skulls are fragile so we’ve made a few rules to maintain their good condition. 1. Never use a pen or pencil!! 3. Do not try to carry more than one skull at a time. Do not remove skulls from lab. 4. Please be extra careful handling these rare pieces. There is no excuse for leaving skulls and wires out! 5. The disarticulated skulls (the one in the green box and the “explode-a-skull”) are especially fragile. Skull calvaria and some mandibles can fall off easily – be careful! 5. Always return the skulls to their individual storage container and place the container under the front table of the lab and the wires to theirs (see #2).

see that it is returned to the same container. dry it. and replace it after you’re done. This is a privilege normally reserved for anatomy TA’s only. you will be allowed and encouraged to go into the lab during office hours to study cadaver prosections on your own. Moore’s Clinical Anatomy. therefore. Cadavers are hard to come by and an unbelievable amount of time goes into preparing the prosections. vessel. Completely cover the parts with the cloth (if the cloth is missing or too small – tell a TA) and spray it thoroughly.) it’s possible that it cannot be replaced without money and hours of dissection time. You can use the trays in the cadaver room for moving the cadaver parts to the main lab.D. Place parts carefully in their container – avoid stacking parts on top of one another and snagging other parts. They cannot leave the lab. but it ruins the part). Just be sure to clean the tray with the yellow soap above the sink. Netter’s Atlases.M. Use the phenoxyethanol (in the clear spray bottles above the sink) to keep the parts moist while you are looking at them.Care of Cadaver Parts Unlike the Human Anatomy (Bio 2325) class. Here are the lab rules and some guidelines to keep these parts in good condition so that we can have a quality lab experience. etc. 5. Let’s try to keep the books in good condition – don’t handle them with dirty cadaver hands and keep them away from the phenoxyethanol spray. a muscle ripped. Clean the desk you used with the yellow soap and a sponge when you’re done. That means that other students will suffer the consequences of one person’s carelessness. 4 . Be sure that the lid is closed securely (it should snap). A. Dissectable anatomy software is available on the computers in the computer lab upstairs. There are probes in the first drawer in the cadaver room. the Color Atlas of Human Anatomy as well as other reference books are available in the office for your use. 2. Hooking the probe under a muscle.A. Never rub the probe back and forth on a muscle (it seems almost instinctual. this opportunity requires you to be responsible. If a part is ruined (a nerve or vessel torn. Spray them every few minutes – you can never keep them too moist! When you put the part back. If you take something out of a container (containers will be labeled). 4. spray it again along with all the other parts in the container. Some people don’t like to study on desks speckled with cadaver juice. 3. 7. 8. or nerve is asking for trouble – one slip and they’re gone. 1. The best way to point things out is to simply place the point of the probe a few millimeters above the structure without touching it (thus the word “point”). Never leave a part out. 6.

landmarks. you have to know the material from lecture as well as the structure name.e. Thus. From what branchial arch is this muscle derived? or What spinal levels innervate this muscle?). another midterm practical exam. and a final practical exam. sutures. The first two will take place during a rotation of the day’s lab. 5 . We will use some parts that you’ve never seen before in lab. The final practical exam will take up the whole lab time during the last week of labs. Material Covered Slide Quiz on Bones of the Skull Skull Practical Midterm Practical Final Practical All Skull Bone All skull bones. so it pays to learn the anatomy. and foramina All structures from Labs 1 through 7 and corresponding lecture information – except for skull structures All structures from Labs 1 through 10 and corresponding lecture information Number of Questions (points) 5 20 20 Date and Time Lab #2 Consult syllabus Consult syllabus 75 + 5 bonus questions Consult syllabus The Advanced Anatomy practical exams are a little different than the Bio 2325 exams. We’ll ask questions about a probed part instead of just asking you to name it (i. not the part.The Practical Exams There will be three practical exams – a skull practical exam.

Using your knowledge of anatomy explain how you would pinpoint the lesion. Clearly explain all manifestations mentioned in the problem.the flexor digitorum profundus is innervated by both the median and ulnar nerves. with the least amount of assumptions. -the ulnar nerve is superficial in a groove posterior to the medial epicondyle of the humerus. corresponding to the location of the laceration. It shows your thought process in a logical sequence. Always start by making a list of the known facts pertinent to the question. Then formulate a logical list of intermediate conclusions that are supported by the known facts (if applicable). Question: While working at the emergency room you examine a child with a large laceration medial to the olecranon. Upon examination you find that her wrist is slightly deviated toward the radius and she is unable to flex the distal interphalangeal joints on both her ring and little fingers. You should also describe any further tests you might perform to further solidify your diagnosis. . . the 6 .slight radial deviation of wrist suggests that ulnar deviation is not totally functional and cannot strike a balance with the radial deviators. is not the only ulnar deviator of the wrist. -the ulnar nerve also innervates the flexor carpi ulnaris. then expand on those knowns. . an ulnar deviator of the wrist. arrive at the most parsimonious final conclusion and diagnose the lesion (problem). that is. Start by listing known facts. Now that you have described your "knowns" and intermediate conclusions based on the knowns. Answer Based on the inability to flex the distal interphalangeal joints of the two digits on the ulnar side of the hand.Damage to the ulnar nerver could cause the paralysis of the ulnar half of the flexor digitorum profundus and flexor carpi ulnaris muscles.flexion of the distal interphalangeal joints is performed by the flexor digitorum profundus. The tendons that attach to the ring and little fingers (usually).slight radial deviation of the wrist suggests that ulnar deviation is not totally functional and cannot strike a balance with the radial deviators. that are related to the information you get from the problem.Sample Problem Set Below is an example of the format and process you should follow to answer the problem set questions. Knowns . however. you must list the knowns and show the logical progression as to how you arrived at your conclusion. -the ulnar nerve innervates the ulnar half of this muscle. This. . Intermediate Conclusions . Then relate how these "knowns" are important in leading to a diagnosis or answer to the problem. You want to arrive at a conclusion in the most parsimonious way. from your anatomical knowledge. Note: You will not get full credit for the problem set if you merely suggest the possible answer and diagnosis.the cutaneous field of the ulnar nerve is the skin on palmar and dorsal surfaces of the hypothenar region and ring and little fingers.

Do not make any assumptions. another ulnar deviator. This is the most parsimonious solution supported by the summary of the related known facts. an ulnar deviator. The prediction is that there is loss of cutaneous sensation in the ulnar cutaneous field (draw a picture to demonstrate). This list should be a columnar list of sentences.lesion must involve damage to the ulnar nerve because this nerve innervates the only muscle that can produce that movement. The slight radial deviation results from paralysis of the flexor carpi ulnaris. use only the information presented in the problem. 7 . The known facts can be obtained from the problem itself and form your knowledge of anatomy related what is stated in the problem. The evaluation of the problem set will be as follows: One point will be given for having a list of clearly stated known facts that are relevant. That is. Your work should be clearly presented and organized. That is. a list of anatomical knowledge that is related to the information presented in the problem. is still functional and helps somewhat counterbalance the three radial deviators . and extensor carpi radialis brevis. extensor carpi radialis longus. One point will be given if the conclusions are clearly supported by the relevant known facts. if you have known facts and conclusions and solutions organized. The reason the wrist exhibits only a slight radial deviation is because the extensor carpi ulnaris. The known facts should be followed with a logical list of conclusions that are supported by the known facts. To further substantiate damage to the ulnar nerve a pinprick test should be used to determine cutaneous sensation. This nerve’s location posterior to the medial epicondyle corresponds to the sight of injury. Use of simple diagrams is recommended. Two points will be given for a worthy effort.the flexor carpi radialis. Problem Set Write-up and Evaluation The following procedures should be used when writing up the answers to the problem sets: Begin by listing the relevant known facts that apply to the problem. One point will be given for arriving at a solid answer or diagnosis. even if you go way off track. It should not be a paragraph. The answer should also include further tests that could help substantiate the diagnosis.

61. We won’t be able to show you everything.25. 89. 72. and Cervicis *note spinous/laminar fibers Rotatores Intervertebral Group Interspinales Levatores Costarum Intertransversarii Cervicis Posteriores Medialis Intertransversarii Thoracis Intertransversarii Lumborum Medialis Suboccipital Muscles Rectus Capitis Posterior Major Rectus Capitis Posterior Minor Obliquus Capitis Inferior Obliquus Capitis Superior 8 . 62. 161. 54. We’ll use all four rotations to see a few structures that we learned in BIO 2315 but didn’t identify in that lab. and Capitis Epaxial Muscles – Deep Series Transversospinalis Group Semispinalis (Cervicis and Capitis) Multifidus Lumborum. Thoracis. 20 .49. so it is important to study pages 40 – 60 in the lecture manual to prepare for lab. Cervicis. 162. so be sure to come to office hours during the week to see everything and review. Cervicis. 46 . 233 Many of the structures that Mark teaches in lecture are not in Netter’s Atlas. 73. 58. 59. and Capitis Spinalis Thoracis. 79. You are responsible for all structures. Preparation: Study the anatomy from the "Structures to Identify in lab" list on the following plates of Netter’s Atlas: 9. 11.Lab #1 Objectives: The lab will have four rotations. Structures to Identify in Lab: Hypaxial Muscles Subvertebral Group Longus Colli Longus Capitis Rectus Captitis Anterior Internal Layer of Lateral Group Anterior Scalene Intertransversarii Cervicis Anteriores Intertransversarii Lumborum Lateralis Anteriores Intermediate Layer of Lateral Group Middle Scalene Rectus Capitis Lateralis Intertransversarii Cervicis Posteriores Laterales Intertransversarii Lumborum Lateralis Posteriores Cremaster External Layer of Lateral Group Posterior Scalene Ventral Group Sternohyoid Sternothyroid Thyrohyoid Geniohyoid Omohyoid Pyramidalis Epaxial Muscles – Superficial Series Splenius Group Splenius Capitis Splenius Cervicis Sacrospinalis Group (Erector Spinae) Iliocostalis Lumborum. 53. Thoracis. plus some new structures from this semester. and Cervicis Longissimus Thoracis.

Medial.Skeletal Derivatives of the Branchial Arches First Arch Incus Malleus Sphenomandibular Ligament Second Arch Stapes Styloid Process Stylohyoid Ligament Lesser Cornu and Cranial Part of Hyoid Body Third Arch Greater Cornu and Inferior Part of Hyoid Body Forth through Sixth Arches Thyroid Cartilage Cricoid Cartilage Arytenoid Cartilages Vocal Ligament Muscles of the Branchial Arches First Arch Temporalis Masseter Medial Pterygoid Lateral Pterygoid Anterior Digastricus Mylohyoid Tensor Veli Palatini Tensor Tympani Second Arch Platysma Muscles of Facial Expression Orbicularis Oris Orbicularis Oculi Nasal Group Zygomaticus (major and minor) Buccinator Posterior Digastricus Auricular Group Occipitofrontalis Stylohyoid Stapedius Third Arch Stylopharyngeus Fourth Arch Levator Veli Palatini Palatoglossus Palatopharyngeus Muscularis Uvulae Superior Constrictor Middle Constrictor Inferior Constrictor Cricothyroideus Sixth Arch Posterior Cricoarytenoid Lateral Cricoarytenoid Oblique Arytenoid Transverse Arytenoid Thyroarytenoid Vocalis Aryepiglotticus Thyroepiglotticus Posterior Arches Sternocleidomastoid Trapezius Somitic Head Muscles Preotic Somites Superior. Inferior. and Lateral Rectus Levator Palpebrae Superioris Superior and Inferior Obliques Occipital Somites Styloglossus Genioglossus Hyoglossus Superior Longitudinal Linguae Transverse Linguae Inferior Longitudinal Linguae 9 .

Many of the landmarks are not in Netter’s so be sure to ask a TA to show them to you. 143 – 149. 109. 94. and Foramina Sutures Coronal Sagittal Lambdoid Squamous Ethmoid Lamina Cribrosa Foramina Cribrosa Anterior Ethmoid Foramen or Notch Posterior Ethmoid Foramen or Notch Perpendicular Lamina Crista Galli Superior Nasal Concha Middle Nasal Concha Frontal Anterior Ethmoid Foramen or Notch Posterior Ethmoid Foramen or Notch Ethmoidal Notch Foramen Caecum Frontal Foramen or Notch Supraorbital Foramen or Notch Fossa for Lacrimal Gland Hyoid Body Greater Cornu Lesser Cornu Inferior Nasal Concha (paired) Lacrimal (paired) Mandible Condyloid Process Coronoid Process Ramus Angle Mylohyoid Line Digastric Fossa Mandibular Foramen Mandibular Canal Mental Foramen Maxilla (paired) Infraorbital Foramen Infraorbital Canal Alveolar Process Incisive Fossa and Canal Incisive Foramina Palatine Process Maxillary Sinus Nasal (paired) 10 . cerebrospinal circulation. There is no way that we will be able to show you all of the skull landmarks and foramena. 155. and you’ll be responsible to come in and learn the rest on your own. In lab. 96 – 98. we will focus on the more difficult ones. 151. components of the central nervous system. 108. 156 Study pages 61 – 132 of the lecture manual (it isn’t necessary to know everything in the text about the skull – those pages are just for your reference). 13 –16. Preparation: Study the anatomy from the "Structures to Identify in lab" list on the following plates of Netter’s Atlas: 1 – 10. Landmarks. Structures to Identify in Lab: Skull Bones. you should already feel comfortable identifying the individual bones on a model or real skull.Lab #2 Objectives: The four rotations will be used to learn the skull. Before lab. other parts of axial skeleton.

Occipital Clivus (with sphenoid bone) Superior Nuchal Line External Occipital Protuberance Occipital Condyles Pharyngeal Tubercle Foramen Magnum Jugular Notch Hypoglossal Canal Condylar Canal Palatine (paired) Horizontal Plate Greater Palatine Sulcus or Groove Lesser Palatine Foramina Lesser Palatine Canals Perpendicular Plate Sphenopalatine Incisure or Notch Parietal (paired) Superior Temporal Line Parietal Foramen Sphenoid Clivus (with occipital bone) Greater Wing Spine of the Sphenoid Lesser Wing Sella Turcica Anterior Clinoid Processes Optic Canal Superior Orbital Fissure Foramen Rotundum Foramen Venosum Foramen Ovale Foramen Petrosum Foramen Spinosum Pterygoid Processes Pterygoid Canal Lateral Pterygoid Plate Medial Pterygoid Plate Hamulus Temporal (paired) Zygomatic Process Mastoid Process Mastoid Notch Styloid Process Mandibular Fossa Petrotympanic Fissure Tympanomastoid Fissure External Acoustic Meatus Carotid Canal Tympanic Canaliculus Jugular Fossa Mastoid Canaliculus Stylomastoid Foramen Mastoid Foramen Trigeminal Impression Internal Acoustic Meatus Hiatus for Greater Petrosal Nerve Hiatus for Lesser Petrosal Nerve Vomer Zygomatic (paired) Zygomaticofacial Foramen Zygomaticotemporal Foramen Zygomaticoorbital Foramen Other Foramina and Such (see complete list of foramina on page 100 of lecture manual) Foramen Lacerum Jugular Notch (part of jugular foramen on occipital bone) Greater Palatine Foramen Sphenopalatine Foramen Palatovaginal Canal Pterygopalatine Fossa Pterygomaxillary Fissure Pterion Vertebrae Body Pedicle Lamina Transverse Process Mammillary Process Accessory Process Zygapophyses Spinous Process Vertebral Foramen Intervertebral Foramen and Notches Nucleus Pulposus Annulus Fibrosus 11 .

Ligaments of the Vertebral Column Post-atlantoaxial Vertebral Ligaments Anterior Longitudinal Ligament Posterior Longitudinal Ligament Ligamentum Flavum Interspinous Ligament Supraspinous Ligament Nuchal Ligament Craniovertebral Ligaments Anterior Atlanto-occipital Membrane Posterior Atlanto-occipital Membrane Tectorial Membrane Apical Ligament Cruciform Ligament Transverse Ligament of Atlas Superior and Inferior Longitudinal Bands Alar Ligaments Meninges Periosteal Dura Meningeal Dura Falx Cerebri Tentorium Cerebelli Subdural Space Arachnoid Mater Arachnoid Trabeculae Subarachnoid Space Denticulate Ligament Filum Terminale Ventricles Lateral Ventricles Septum Pellucidum Interventricular Foramen (of Monroe) Third Ventricle Cerebral Aqueduct (of Sylvius) Fourth Ventricle Median Aperture (Foramen of Magendie) Lateral Apertures (Foramina of Luschka) Choriod Plexus Arachnoid Villi 12 .

and the other two rotations will be used to discuss problem set questions. 304 (300) Study pages 128 – 152 of the lecture manual – some of the structures are not found in Netter’s Atlas.Lab #3 Objectives: One rotation will be used to learn dorsal ramus anatomy. 166. 163. Preparation: Study the anatomy from the "Structures to Identify in lab" list on the following plates of Netter’s Atlas (the numbers in parentheses are from the new edition): 124. 164. 152. 125. 198. One rotation will be used to review anatomy learned in previous labs. 174. and the autonomic nervous system. 156. 153. general ventral ramus branches. 228. Structures to Identify in Lab: Spinal Nerve Anatomy Ventral and Dorsal Roots/Rootlets Spinal (Dorsal Root) Ganglion Spinal Nerve Trunk Ventral and Dorsal Rami Autonomic Nervous System Superior Cervical Ganglion Internal Carotid Nerve External Carotid Nerve Carotid Branch Middle Cervical Ganglion Ansa Subclavia Inferior Cervical Ganglion Vertebral Nerve Carotid Branch Greater Thoracic Splanchnic Nerve Lesser Thoracic Splanchnic Nerve Least Thoracic Splanchnic Nerve Celiac Ganglia/Plexus Sacral Parasympathetic Splanchnic Nerve Ventral Ramus Branches Gray Communicating Ramus White Communicating Ramus Main Branch Lateral Cutaneous Branch Anterior Cutaneous Branch Communicating Branch Collateral Branch Dorsal Ramus Anatomy Medial Branch Lateral Branch Greater Occipital Nerve Least (3rd) Occipital Nerve Superior Cluneal Nerves Middle Cluneal Nerves Brain Anatomy Myelencephalon Medulla Oblongata Olive Pyramid Pyramidal Decussation Metencephalon Pons Cerebellar Peduncles Cerebellum Mesencephalon 13 .

Cerebral Peduncles Corpora Quadrigemina Inferior Colliculi Superior Colliculi Diencephalon Thalamus Lateral Geniculate Nucleus (Body) Medial Geniculate Nucleus (Body) Optic Chiasma Optic Tract Hypothalamus Infundibular Stalk Neurohypophysis (Posterior Pituitary Gland) Pineal Body or Gland (Epiphysis) Telencephalon Limbic System Hippocampus Fornix Mamillary Bodies Corpus Callosum Cerebral Cortex Frontal Lobe Precentral Gyrus Central Sulcus Parietal Lobe Postcentral Gyrus Parieto-occipital Sulcus Occipital Lobe Calcarine Sulcus Lateral Sulcus Temporal Lobe Insula (Lobe) 14 .

Lab #4 Objectives: One rotation will be a skull practicum. Structures to Identify in Lab: Cervical Plexus Lesser Occipital Nerve Great Auricular Nerve Transverse Cutaneous Nerve of the Neck Supraclavicular Nerve Phrenic Nerve Ansa Cervicalis Superior Omohyoid Nerve Sternothyroid Nerve Sternohyoid Nerve Inferior Omohyoid Nerve Branches Traveling with Hypoglossal Nerve Geniohyoid Nerve Thyrohyoid Nerve Communicating Branches With Accessory Nerve (XI) 15 . 27. Preparation: Study the anatomy from the "Structures to Identify in lab" list on the following plates of Netter’s Atlas: 18.123 Study pages 159 – 176 of the lecture manual. One rotation will be used to learn the cervical plexus (if there’s time at the end. 26. 121 . we’ll review past anatomy). and the other two rotations will be used to discuss problem set questions.

Be sure to learn the “important points” and cutaneous distribution of all of the nerves before lab. 446 – 449 (442 – 445). Structures to Identify in Lab: Brachial Plexus Lateral Pectoral Nerve Suprascapular Nerve Dorsal Scapular Nerve Nerve to Subclavius Accessory Phrenic Nerve Long Thoracic Nerve Medial Pectoral Nerve Medial Brachial Cutaneous Nerve Intercostobrachial Nerve Medial Antebrachial Cutaneous Nerve Ulnar Nerve Dorsal Branch Palmer Branch Common Palmar Digital Nerve Proper Palmer Digital Nerves Anastomotic Branch to Median Nerve Median Nerve Palmer Branch Common Palmar Digital Nerves Proper Palmer Digital Nerves Anastomotic Branch to Ulnar Nerve Musculocutaneous Nerve Lateral Antebrachial Cutaneous Nerve Upper Subscapular Nerve Thoracodorsal Nerve Lower Subscapular Nerve Radial Nerve Inferior Lateral Brachial Cutaneous Nerve Posterior Brachial Cutaneous Nerve Posterior Antebrachial Cutaneous Nerve Deep Branch Superficial Branch Axillary Nerve Superior Lateral Brachial Cutaneous Nerve 16 . 451 – 453 (447 – 449) Study pages 177 – 195 of the lecture manual. 407 (403). 438 – 442 (434 – 438). 420 – 422 (416 – 418). 404 (400). 408 (404). Preparation: Study the anatomy from the "Structures to Identify in lab" list on the following plates of Netter’s Atlas (the numbers in parentheses are from the new edition): 401 (397).Lab #5 Objectives: We’ll use two rotations to discuss problem set questions. 419 (415). 405 (401). 433 (429). one rotation to review anatomy from previous labs. 432 (428). and one rotation to learn the brachial plexus.

Be sure to learn the “important points” and cutaneous distribution of all of the nerves before lab. 485 – 487 (481 – 483). 236. 489 (485). 240. Preparation: Study the anatomy from the "Structures to Identify in lab" list on the following plates of Netter’s Atlas (the numbers in parentheses are from the new edition): 232 . 497– 503 (493 – 499). 506 – 513 (502 – 509) Study pages 177 – 195 of the lecture manual. 250.Lab #6 Objectives: Two rotations will be used to see the lumbosacral plexus and other new anatomy and the other two rotations will be used to discuss problem set questions.245. 466 – 473 (462 – 469). 237. Structures to Identify in Lab: Lumbar Plexus Subcostal Nerve Iliohypogastric Nerve Ilioinguinal Nerve Genitofemoral Nerve Genital Branch Femoral Branch Lateral Femoral Cutaneous Nerve Femoral Nerve Anterior Femoral Cutaneous Nerves (intermediate and medial cutaneous nerves of thigh) Saphenous Nerve Obturator Nerve Anterior Branch Posterior Branch Cutaneous Branch Sacral Plexus Superior Glutael Nerve Inferior Gluteal Nerve Nerve to Superior Gemellus (and obturator internus) Nerve to Inferior Gemellus (and quadratus femoris) Pudendal Nerve Posterior Femoral Cutaneous Nerve Perforating Cutaneous Nerve Nerve to Piriformis Sciatic Nerve Tibial Nerve Sural Nerve Medial Calcaneal Nerve Medial Plantar Nerve Lateral Plantar Nerve Common Peroneal Nerve Lateral Cutaneous Nerve of the Calf Superficial Peroneal Nerve Deep Peroneal Nerve 17 .234. 242 .

Body Wall Fascial Pattern Epidermis Dermis Superficial Fascia Deep Investing Fascia (Deep Fascia) Internal Investing Fascia (Transversalis Fascia) Subserous Fascia Parietal Mesothelium Rectus Sheath Anatomy Semilunar Line Linea Alba Arcuate Line Inguinal Canal Dartos (Superficial) Fascia External Spermatic Fascia Cremasteric Fascia and Muscle Internal Spermatic Fascia Parietal Layer of Tunica Vaginalis Visceral Layer of Tunica Vaginalis 18 .

we’ll discuss problem set questions. 98. Preparation: Study the anatomy from the "Structures to Identify in lab" list on the following plates of Netter’s Atlas: 14. 131 – 136. 17. Remember that arteries and veins are named for where they going. not where they start. 26. 158 Study pages 245 – 261 from the lecture manual. 97.Lab #7 Objectives: In two rotations we’ll learn head and neck vascularization and in the other two. Structures to Identify in Lab: Arteries of the Head and Neck External Carotid Artery Superior Thyroid Artery Lingual Artery Ascending Pharyngeal Artery Facial Artery Occipital Artery Posterior Auricular Artery Superficial Temporal Artery Transverse Facial Artery Maxillary Artery Middle Meningeal Artery Inferior Alveolar Artery Internal Carotid Artery Opthalmic Artery Anterior Cerebral Artery Anterior Communicating Artery Anterior Choriodal Artery Middle Cerebral Artery Posterior Communicating Artery Vertebral Artery Anterior Spinal Artery Posterior Inferior Cerebellar Artery Basilar Artery Anterior Inferior Cerebellar Artery Superior Cerebellar Artery Posterior Cerebral Artery Spinal Cord Arteries Radicular Artery Anterior Spinal Artery Posterior Spinal Artery Sulcal (central) Artery Pial (superficial) Artery Extracranial Veins External Jugular Vein Anterior Jugular Vein Posterior External Jugular Vein Occipital Vein Posterior Auricular Vein Retromandibular Vein Maxillary Vein Superficial Vein Internal Jugular Vein Lingual Vein Pharyngeal Vein Superior Thyroid Vein Facial Vein 19 . 157. 29.

Dural Venous Sinuses Superior Sagittal Sinus Inferior Saggital Sinus Straight Sinus Transverse Sinus Sigmoid Sinus Superior Petrosal Sinus Inferior Petrosal Sinus Basilar Sinus Cavernous Sinus Sphenoparietal Sinus Occipital Sinus 20 .

and the other two rotations will be used to discuss problem set questions. 109. One rotation will be used to learn ventral and special sensory cranial nerves. Structures to Identify in Lab: Cranial Nerves Ventral (Somitic) Nerves Oculomotor Nerve (III) Cilliary Ganglion Short Cilliary Nerve Trochlear Nerve (IV) Abducens Nerve (VI) Hypoglossal Nerve (XII) Special Sensory Nerves Olfactory Nerve (I) Optic Nerve (II) Optic Chiasma Optic Tract Lateral Geniculate Nucleus Optic Radiations Vestibulocochlear Nerve (VIII) Mnemonics: Oh. 108. 40. 65. B=both) 21 . M=motor. be sure to take advantage of office hours to see the structures and study your lecture manual and notes to understand the structures. The next three labs are dedicated to cranial nerves.Lab #8 Objectives: In this lab. Oh. 98. 118. To Touch A Few Very Green Vegetables A H Olfactory Optic Oculomotor Trochlear Trigeminal Abducens Facial Vestibulocochlear Glossopharyngeal Vagus Accessory Hypoglossal I II III IV V VI VII VIII IX X XI XII Some I Say II Money III Matters IV But V My VI Brother VII Says VIII Big IX Boobs X Matter XI Most XII (Key: S=sensory. Preparation: To prepare for the midterm. Remember that the practicum will ask questions about a part that is probed. 122 Study pages 270 – 292 in the lecture manual. Learn the pathways of all of the nerves. 81. one rotation will be a midterm practicum testing everything up through cranial nerves worth 20 points that will give you an idea of what the final will be like. Oh. 112 – 115. Remember nerves are usually named for where they are going. Study the anatomy from the "Structures to Identify in lab" list on the following plates of Netter’s Atlas: 29.

116. 56. 40. 65. Preparation: Study the anatomy from the "Structures to Identify in lab" list on the following plates of Netter’s Atlas: 18. 112.Lab #9 Objectives: Two rotations will be used to learn the trigeminal and facial nerves (if we have extra time. The other two rotations will be used to discuss problem set questions. 89. 81. 109. 41. 19. 117 Study pages 293 . we’ll review anatomy from past labs). 37 – 39. Structures to Identify in Lab: Cranial Nerves Dorsal Nerves Trigeminal Nerve (V) Opthalmic Nerve (V1) Lacrimal Nerve Communication with Zygomatic Nerve Frontal Nerve Supratrochlear Nerve Supraorbital Nerve Nasocilliary Nerve Long Cilliary Nerve Posterior Ethmoid Nerve Anterior Ethmoid Nerve Internal Nasal Nerve External Nasal Nerve Infratrochlear Nerve Maxillary Nerve (V2) Infraorbital Nerve Zygomatic Nerve Zygomaticotemporal Nerve Zygomaticofacial Nerve Superior Alveolar Nerve Mandibular Nerve (V3) Meningeal Nerve (Nervous Spinosus) Lingual Nerve Auriculotemporal Nerve Buccal Nerve Inferior Alveolar Nerve Nerve to Mylohyoid Mental Nerve Facial Nerve (VII) Greater Petrosal Nerve Nerve of Pterygoid Canal (Vidian Nerve) Pterygopalatine Ganglion Greater Palatine Nerve Lesser Palatine Nerve Chorda Tympani Nerve Muscular Branches: Temporal Zygomatic Buccal Marginal Mandibular Cervical 22 . 98.319 in the lecture manual. Learn the pathways of both nerves and their branches. 108.

and XI.340 in the lecture manual.Lab #10 Objectives: One rotation will be used to finish up the cranial nerves by learning IX. and the final two rotations will be used for discussing problem set questions. 56. 69. Learn the pathways of the three nerves and their branches. 74. 163 Study pages 321 . Another rotation will be used to review past anatomy. 98. Preparation: Study the anatomy from the "Structures to Identify in lab" list on the following plates of Netter’s Atlas: 27. X. Structures to Identify in Lab: Cranial Nerves Dorsal Nerves (cont. 119 – 121. 58. 63.) Glossopharyngeal Nerve (IX) Lesser Petrosal Nerve Vagus Nerve (X) Superior Laryngeal Nerve Internal Laryngeal Nerve External Laryngeal Nerve Recurrent Laryngeal Nerve Accessory Nerve (XI) 23 . 68. 112.