– 1 –

Microcontrollers and Embedded Systems
T.E. Sem. VI [BIOM]

EVALUATION SYSTEM
Time Marks
Theory Exam 3 Hrs. 100
Practical & Oral Exam − −
Oral Exam − 25
Term Work − 25

SYLLABUS

1. Hardware of 8051 Microcontrollers, Intel MCS 51 Family
Introduction to Single chip microcontrollers of Intel MCS 51 family. Comparison of microprocessor
and microcontroller, architecture and pin functions of 8051 Single chip microcontroller,
C.P.U. timing and machine cycles, internal memory organization, Program counter and stack,
input/output ports, counters and timers, serial data input and output Interrupts. Connection of external
memory. Power saving modes. Interfacing of 8051 with EPROM.

2. 8051 Assembly Language Programming
Instruction set addressing modes, immediate, registers, direct and indirect data movement and
Exchange instructions, push and pop up-codes, arithmetic and logic instructions, bit level Operations,
jump and call instructions, input/output port programming, programming timers Asynchronous serial
data communication, timer and hardware interrupt service routines.

3. Microcontroller Design and Interfacing
External memory and memory address decoding, memory mapped I/O, time delay subroutine look up
table implementation, interfacing matrix keyboard and seven segment displays through scanning and
interrupt driven programs, interfacing ADC and DAC. Interfacing of LCD display.

4. Embedded Software
Introduction to Embedded Systems, Examples of embedded system, their characteristics and their
typical hardware components, Software Embedded into a system embedded software architecture,
Processor and Memory organization Structural Units in a processor, Processor Selection for an
embedded system, Memory Devices, Memory selection for an embedded system, Allocation of
Memory to program segments and blocks and memory map of a system, Direct Memory access,
Interfacing processor, memories and I/O devices.

5. Devices and Buses for Device Networks
I/O devices, Timer and counting devices, Serial Communication using the ‘12C’, ‘CAN’ and Advanced
I/O Buses between the networked multiple Devices, host system or computer parallel communication
between the networked I/O Multiple Devices using the PCI, PCI-X and advanced buses.

6. Device Drivers and Interrupts Servicing Mechanism
Device drivers, Parallel port device drivers in a system, serial port device Drivers in a system, device
drivers for internal programmable timing devices, Interrupt servicing (handling) mechanism, Deadline and
Interrupt Latency.4.





– 2 –
Reference :
1. The 8051 microcontrollers (Kenneth J Ayala)
2. Embedded systems-architecture, programming and design, (Rajkamal) Tata McGraw Hill.
3. Embedded System Design: A unified Hardware/Software Introduction (Frank Vahid, Toney Givargis)
John Wiley Publication.
4. An Embedded Software Primer (David E. Simon) Pearson Eduation.
5. The 8051 Microcontroller and Embedded Systems (Muhammad A Mazidi) Pearson Education.
6. Embedded Realtime systems programming (Sriram Iyer and Pankaj Gupta) Tata McGraw Hill.
7. Embedded Microcomputer Systems Real time Interfacing Valvano

– 3 –
Medical Imaging - I
T.E. Sem. VI [BIOM]

EVALUATION SYSTEM
Time Marks
Theory Exam 3 Hrs. 100
Practical & Oral Exam − −
Oral Exam − 25
Term Work − 25

SYLLABUS

1. Ultrasound in Medicine
Introduction, Production and Characteristics of Ultrasound, Display System : A-mode, B-mode and
M-mode display and applications, Ultrasound transducers and instrumentation, Real-Time
Ultrasound, Continuous wave and Pulsed wave Doppler Ultrasound systems, Color flow imaging,
applications, Ultrasound contrast agents and applications.

2. X-ray Imaging
Properties of X-rays, Production of X-rays, X-ray interaction with Matter.
Total Radiographic System : X-ray tubes, Rating of X-ray tubes.
X-ray generators, X-ray Image and Beam Limiting Devices, Controls, X-ray Film development technique.

3. Fluoroscopy Imaging and X-ray Image intensifier.

4. Computed Radiography and Digital Radiography

5. Angiography techniques

6. Mammography, Principle, Equipment, Digital Mammography

7. Medical Thermography: Physics of thermography, thermographic equipment, applications.

8. Endoscopy: Equipment, Imaging and its applications

Reference :
1. Christensen’s Physics of Diagnostic Radiology Lipimcott William and Willkins Publication.
2. Medical Imaging Physics (William R. Hendee) Wiley-Liss Publication.
3. Biomedical Technology and Devices Handbook (James Moore & George Zouridakis) CRC Press.
4. Biomedical Engineering Handbook (Bronzino) CRC Press.
5. Physics of Diagnostic Imaging - Dowsett


– 4 –
Biomedical Instrumentation - II
T.E. Sem. VI [BIOM]

EVALUATION SYSTEM
Time Marks
Theory Exam 3 Hrs. 100
Practical & Oral Exam 2 Hrs. 25
Oral Exam − −
Term Work − 25

SYLLABUS

1. Generation of Bioelectric Potentials
Nerve, Muscle, Pacemaker and Cardiac muscle

2. Biophysical Signal Capture, Processing and Recording Systems (with technical specifications)
Typical medical recording system and general design consideration. Sources of noise in low level
recording circuits. ECG, EMG, EEG, EOG, ERG. Phonocardiography. Measurement of skin
resistance.

3. Patient Monitoring System
Measurement of Heart Rate, Pulse rate, Blood pressure, Temperature and Respiration rate, Apnea
Detector.

4. Arrhythmia and Ambulatory Monitoring Instruments
Cardiac Arrhythmias. Ambulatory monitoring instruments.

5. Foetal and Neonatal Monitoring System
Cardiotocograph, Methods of monitoring of Foetal Heart rate and labour activity, Foetal scalp PH
measurement, Incubator and infant warmer.

6. Biotelemetry, Telemedicine concepts and its application

7. Biofeedback Technique: EEG, EMG

8. Electrical Safety in Biophysical Measurements

Reference:
1. Handbook of Biomedical Engineering (R.S. Khandpur) PHI.
2. Medical Instrumentation, Application and Design (J.G. Webster) TMH.
3. Introduction to Biomedical Equipment Technology (Carr.-Brown) Pearson Education Pub.
4. Introduction to biomedical Engineering (J Bronzino)
5. Encyclopedia of medical devices and instrumentation (Vol 1 to 4) (John Willey) J.G. Webster.
6. Various Instruments Manuals.
7. Principles of applied Biomedical Instrumentation (Gedded and Becker) Wiley interscience Publication.
8. Principles of Biomedical Instrumentation and Measurement (Richard Aston)


– 5 –
Biological Modeling and Simulations
T.E. Sem. VI [BIOM]

EVALUATION SYSTEM
Time Marks
Theory Exam 3 Hrs. 100
Practical & Oral Exam − −
Oral Exam − 25
Term Work − 25

SYLLABUS

1. Physiological Modeling
Steps in Modeling, Purpose of Modeling, lumped parameter models, distributed parameter models,
compartmental modeling, modeling of circulatory system, regulation of cardiac output and respiratory
system.

2. Model of Neurons
Biophysics tools, Nernst Equation, Donnan Equilibrium, Active Transport (Pump) GHK equation,
Action Potential, Voltage Clamp, Channel Characteristics, Hodgkin- Huxley Conductance Equations,
Simulation of action potential, Electrical Equivalent model of a biological membrane, impulse
propagation- core conductor model, cable equations.

3. Neuromuscular System
Modeling of skeletal muscle, mono and polysynaptic reflexes, stretch reflex, reciprocal innervations,
two control mechanism, Golgi tendon, experimental validation, Parkinson’s syndrome.

4. Eye Movement Model
Four eye movements, quantitative eye movement models, validity criteria.

5. Thermo Regulatory Systems
Thermoregulatory mechanisms, model of thermoregulatory system, controller model, validation and
application.

6. Modeling the Immune Response
Behavior of the immune system, linearized model of the immune response.

7. Pharmacokinetics Drug delivery

8. Modeling of Insulin Glucose feedback system and Pulsatile Insulin secretion.

Reference:
1. Bioengineering, Biomedical, Medical and Clinical Engg. : (A. Teri Bahil)
2. Signals and systems in Biomedical Engg.: (Suresh R. Devasahayam)
3. Bio-Electricity A quantitative approach (Barr and Ploncey)
4. Biomedical Engineering Handbook (Bronzino) (CRC Press).






– 6 –
Biostatistics
T.E. Sem. VI [BIOM]

EVALUATION SYSTEM
Time Marks
Theory Exam 3 Hrs. 100
Practical & Oral Exam − −
Oral Exam − −
Term Work − 25

SYLLABUS

1. Introduction to Biostatistics
Basic Concepts, Measurement and Measurement scales, The simple Random Sample, Ordered Array,
frequency distribution, Measures of Central tendency, measures of dispersion, Variance and Standard
deviation.

2. Probability Distribution
Basic Probability concepts, Elementary properties of Probability, Bionomial Disribution, Poisson
Distribution, Continuous Probability distributions, Normal distribution with applications.

3. Estimation Theory
Confidence interval for a population mean, Confidence interval estimates for Population parameters,
and various other confidence intervals, t-distribution, applicability to samples from normal
distributions, Determination of sample size for estimating means and for estimating proportions,
Confidence interval for the Variance of a normally distributed population.

4. Analysis of Variance
Purpose of Analysis of variance, Linear Mathematical model for analysis of variance, The completely
randomized design, Randomized Complete Block diagram, Repeated measures design, The factorial
experiment. Two-factor Experiments with Replication.

5. Curve fitting, Regression and Correlation
Curve fitting, Regression and Correlation Model, Sample regression equation, using regression
equation, Correlation coefficient, Multiple Linear regression model, Multiple Linear Correlation
model, Obtaining Multiple Linear regression equation, evaluating Multiple Linear regression
equation, Regression analysis-Qualitative independent variables, Variable selection procedures.

6. Tests of Hypothesis and Significance
Statistical decisions, Stastitical Hypothesis, Null Hypothesis, Type I and Type II errors, level of
significance, One Tailed and Two Tailed tests, Relationship between Estimation theory and
Hypothesis testing. Yates’ Correction for Continuity.

7. Chi-square Distribution and Analysis of Frequencies
Mathematical properties of chi-square distribution, Tests of goodness-of-fit, tests of independence,
tests of homogeneity, The fisher exact test.

8. Non-parametric and Distribution-Free Statistics
The sign test, the Wilcoxon signed-rank test for location, The median test, The spearman rank
correlation coefficient, Non Parametric Regression Analysis, Classification (differential, diagnosis) :
sequential clinical trials, and other applications.

– 7 –
Reference:
1. A Foundation For Analysis in Health Sciences Wiley Series (Wayne W. Daniel Biostatistics)
2. Probability and Statistics (Murray R. Spiegel) Schaum′s Series.
3. An Introduction to Medical Statistics (Martin Bland) Oxford University Press, 1987.




– 8 –
Digital Signal Processing for Biomedical Applications
T.E. Sem. VI [BIOM]

EVALUATION SYSTEM
Time Marks
Theory Exam 3 Hrs. 100
Practical & Oral Exam − −
Oral Exam − −
Term Work − 25

SYLLABUS

1. Discrete Time(DT) Signals and Systems
Review of Discrete time signals and systems.

2. Z Transform
Review of Z transform, Analysis of LTI systems in Z domain.

3. Frequency Analysis of DT Signal
DTFS definitions from orthogonal complex exponentials, CTFS and DTFS and Properties of DTFS,
Power Density Spectrum, DTFT and Properties of DTFT, Energy Density Spectrum.
Relationship between DTFT and Z transform.

4. Discrete Fourier Transform (DFT)
DTFT, DFT and DFT properties, Block convolution using DFT by Overlap-add and Overlap-save
methods, Fast Fourier transform (FFT).

5. System realization of DT Systems
System Transfer function, System realizations using direct, cascade, parallel and Lattice forms.
System Analysis : Impulse response, zero input and zero state response Signal generation.

6. Design of Digital Filters
Design of FIR filters, Design of IIR filters from analog filters, frequency transformations, Design of
digital filters based on least squares method digital filters from analogue filters, Properties of FIR
digital filters, Design of FIR filters using windows, Comparison of IIR and FIR filters, and Linear
phase filters.
Application of Filters on Biomedical Signals like ECG, EEG, EMG, Receiver, Advantages,
Disadvantages.

7. DSP Processors
Need for Special Architecture, Difference between DSP Processor and microprocessor, general DSP
Processor.

Reference:
1. Analog and Digital Signal Processing (Ashok Ambardar) Thomson Learning Publication,
(second edition) first reprint, 2001.
2. Digital Signal Processing (Proakis and Manolakis) Pearson
3. Discrete - Time Signal Processing (Oppenheim & Schafer with Buck) Prentice Hall, Signal Processing
series, (second edition) 2000.
4. Digital Signal Processing (S.K.Mitra) Tata McGraw Hill Publication.
5. Digital Signal Processing (T.J. Cavicchi) Wiley Publications, 2002.

Toney Givargis) John Wiley Publication. 5. Embedded systems-architecture. 4. Simon) Pearson Eduation. Embedded Microcomputer Systems Real time Interfacing Valvano m . An Embedded Software Primer (David E. 6. (Rajkamal) Tata McGraw Hill.co Reference : 1. Embedded Realtime systems programming (Sriram Iyer and Pankaj Gupta) Tata McGraw Hill. The 8051 Microcontroller and Embedded Systems (Muhammad A Mazidi) Pearson Education. Embedded System Design: A unified Hardware/Software Introduction (Frank Vahid. 7. 3. programming and design. The 8051 microcontrollers (Kenneth J Ayala) 2.ia m –2– bio m ed .

2. Hendee) Wiley-Liss Publication. Physics of Diagnostic Imaging . applications. Ultrasound transducers and instrumentation. Biomedical Technology and Devices Handbook (James Moore & George Zouridakis) CRC Press. Ultrasound contrast agents and applications. 8. 4. Total Radiographic System : X-ray tubes.co SYLLABUS m . Equipment. B-mode and M-mode display and applications. Color flow imaging. 2. Digital Mammography m ed . − − − Marks 100 − 25 25 1. Controls. X-ray Film development technique. applications. Display System : A-mode. Mammography.Medical Imaging . X-ray Imaging Properties of X-rays. Imaging and its applications Reference : 1. X-ray generators. 3. Angiography techniques 7.Dowsett ia m –3– bio 6. 5. Ultrasound in Medicine Introduction. VI [BIOM] EVALUATION SYSTEM Theory Exam Practical & Oral Exam Oral Exam Term Work Time 3 Hrs. Medical Thermography: Physics of thermography. 3. Real-Time Ultrasound.E. Continuous wave and Pulsed wave Doppler Ultrasound systems. X-ray Image and Beam Limiting Devices. Biomedical Engineering Handbook (Bronzino) CRC Press. Rating of X-ray tubes. Production of X-rays.I T. Medical Imaging Physics (William R. Sem. X-ray interaction with Matter. Computed Radiography and Digital Radiography 5. 4. thermographic equipment. Principle. Fluoroscopy Imaging and X-ray Image intensifier. Christensen’s Physics of Diagnostic Radiology Lipimcott William and Willkins Publication. Production and Characteristics of Ultrasound. Endoscopy: Equipment.

Patient Monitoring System Measurement of Heart Rate. Sem. Application and Design (J. ERG. 4. ECG. Pulse rate. Introduction to Biomedical Equipment Technology (Carr. EEG. Phonocardiography. Webster) TMH.Biomedical Instrumentation . Muscle. Temperature and Respiration rate.-Brown) Pearson Education Pub. EOG. Medical Instrumentation.G. VI [BIOM] EVALUATION SYSTEM Theory Exam Practical & Oral Exam Oral Exam Term Work Time 3 Hrs. Sources of noise in low level recording circuits.S. Arrhythmia and Ambulatory Monitoring Instruments Cardiac Arrhythmias. Biotelemetry.co SYLLABUS m .G. Incubator and infant warmer. − − Marks 100 25 − 25 1. Principles of applied Biomedical Instrumentation (Gedded and Becker) Wiley interscience Publication. Processing and Recording Systems (with technical specifications) Typical medical recording system and general design consideration. Webster. m –4– ed . Pacemaker and Cardiac muscle 2. Telemedicine concepts and its application 7.II T. Electrical Safety in Biophysical Measurements ia m Reference: 1. Generation of Bioelectric Potentials Nerve. Apnea Detector. 3. 8. Methods of monitoring of Foetal Heart rate and labour activity. EMG. Foetal and Neonatal Monitoring System Cardiotocograph.E. 2 Hrs. Principles of Biomedical Instrumentation and Measurement (Richard Aston) bio 5. Encyclopedia of medical devices and instrumentation (Vol 1 to 4) (John Willey) J. 7. 6. Khandpur) PHI. Measurement of skin resistance. Blood pressure. Foetal scalp PH measurement. Various Instruments Manuals. 3. 4. 6. Ambulatory monitoring instruments. Biofeedback Technique: EEG. Biophysical Signal Capture. Handbook of Biomedical Engineering (R. 2. EMG 8. Introduction to biomedical Engineering (J Bronzino) 5.

validation and application. Modeling of Insulin Glucose feedback system and Pulsatile Insulin secretion. Bio-Electricity A quantitative approach (Barr and Ploncey) 4.E. Action Potential. controller model. 4. Hodgkin. Purpose of Modeling. Parkinson’s syndrome. Voltage Clamp. Bioengineering. lumped parameter models. Physiological Modeling Steps in Modeling. 5. Biomedical Engineering Handbook (Bronzino) (CRC Press). Neuromuscular System Modeling of skeletal muscle. modeling of circulatory system. Sem. Biomedical. mono and polysynaptic reflexes. : (A.: (Suresh R. Reference: 1. 6. cable equations. Medical and Clinical Engg. Simulation of action potential. two control mechanism. Eye Movement Model Four eye movements.Huxley Conductance Equations. − − − Marks 100 − 25 25 1. Modeling the Immune Response Behavior of the immune system. Pharmacokinetics Drug delivery 8.co SYLLABUS m . 3. Active Transport (Pump) GHK equation. Thermo Regulatory Systems Thermoregulatory mechanisms. model of thermoregulatory system. reciprocal innervations. 2. stretch reflex. Nernst Equation. Signals and systems in Biomedical Engg. experimental validation. Golgi tendon. linearized model of the immune response. Channel Characteristics. 7. Donnan Equilibrium. compartmental modeling.Biological Modeling and Simulations T. validity criteria. impulse propagation. VI [BIOM] EVALUATION SYSTEM Theory Exam Practical & Oral Exam Oral Exam Term Work Time 3 Hrs.core conductor model. ia m bio m –5– ed . Model of Neurons Biophysics tools. distributed parameter models. Teri Bahil) 2. quantitative eye movement models. Devasahayam) 3. regulation of cardiac output and respiratory system. Electrical Equivalent model of a biological membrane.

Analysis of Variance Purpose of Analysis of variance. ed . Stastitical Hypothesis. The factorial experiment. tests of independence. Poisson Distribution. VI [BIOM] EVALUATION SYSTEM Theory Exam Practical & Oral Exam Oral Exam Term Work Time 3 Hrs.Biostatistics T. 6. Curve fitting. Measurement and Measurement scales. The fisher exact test. Measures of Central tendency. Estimation Theory Confidence interval for a population mean. diagnosis) : sequential clinical trials.co SYLLABUS m . Null Hypothesis. The median test. and various other confidence intervals. Regression analysis-Qualitative independent variables. − − − Marks 100 − − 25 1. applicability to samples from normal distributions. Randomized Complete Block diagram. frequency distribution. 2. Ordered Array. Relationship between Estimation theory and Hypothesis testing. the Wilcoxon signed-rank test for location. Non-parametric and Distribution-Free Statistics The sign test. Variable selection procedures. One Tailed and Two Tailed tests. using regression equation. level of significance. Probability Distribution Basic Probability concepts. Determination of sample size for estimating means and for estimating proportions. Chi-square Distribution and Analysis of Frequencies Mathematical properties of chi-square distribution. Correlation coefficient. The simple Random Sample. bio 4. The spearman rank correlation coefficient. m –6– 3. 5. Confidence interval for the Variance of a normally distributed population. Obtaining Multiple Linear regression equation. Continuous Probability distributions.E. t-distribution. Introduction to Biostatistics Basic Concepts. Tests of goodness-of-fit. Bionomial Disribution. Regression and Correlation Curve fitting. Sample regression equation. Confidence interval estimates for Population parameters. tests of homogeneity. ia m 7. Repeated measures design. Regression and Correlation Model. Normal distribution with applications. Linear Mathematical model for analysis of variance. Non Parametric Regression Analysis. Multiple Linear regression model. Tests of Hypothesis and Significance Statistical decisions. Multiple Linear Correlation model. Yates’ Correction for Continuity. The completely randomized design. 8. Classification (differential. Variance and Standard deviation. measures of dispersion. Two-factor Experiments with Replication. and other applications. evaluating Multiple Linear regression equation. Type I and Type II errors. Sem. Elementary properties of Probability.

Spiegel) Schaum′s Series. 1987. Probability and Statistics (Murray R. ia m –7– bio m ed . A Foundation For Analysis in Health Sciences Wiley Series (Wayne W.Reference: 1. Daniel Biostatistics) 2.co m . An Introduction to Medical Statistics (Martin Bland) Oxford University Press. 3.

ia m Reference: 1. 2002. Analog and Digital Signal Processing (Ashok Ambardar) Thomson Learning Publication.J. bio m –8– ed . Frequency Analysis of DT Signal DTFS definitions from orthogonal complex exponentials. 5. cascade. − − − Marks 100 − − 25 1. Relationship between DTFT and Z transform. System Analysis : Impulse response. DSP Processors Need for Special Architecture. Digital Signal Processing (S. Z Transform Review of Z transform. 2001. 2.Time Signal Processing (Oppenheim & Schafer with Buck) Prentice Hall. Cavicchi) Wiley Publications. (second edition) 2000. Block convolution using DFT by Overlap-add and Overlap-save methods. (second edition) first reprint. Energy Density Spectrum. zero input and zero state response Signal generation. Fast Fourier transform (FFT).Digital Signal Processing for Biomedical Applications T. Receiver. Design of digital filters based on least squares method digital filters from analogue filters. EEG. Comparison of IIR and FIR filters. DFT and DFT properties. VI [BIOM] EVALUATION SYSTEM Theory Exam Practical & Oral Exam Oral Exam Term Work Time 3 Hrs. System realizations using direct.K. 7. Advantages. Discrete . Design of FIR filters using windows. Digital Signal Processing (Proakis and Manolakis) Pearson 3. Design of Digital Filters Design of FIR filters.E. Disadvantages. 6. 4.Mitra) Tata McGraw Hill Publication. Difference between DSP Processor and microprocessor. Sem.co SYLLABUS m . Analysis of LTI systems in Z domain. Design of IIR filters from analog filters. System realization of DT Systems System Transfer function. general DSP Processor. Application of Filters on Biomedical Signals like ECG. 2. 4. and Linear phase filters. Discrete Fourier Transform (DFT) DTFT. Discrete Time(DT) Signals and Systems Review of Discrete time signals and systems. frequency transformations. Properties of FIR digital filters. Power Density Spectrum. CTFS and DTFS and Properties of DTFS. 5. Digital Signal Processing (T. EMG. Signal Processing series. parallel and Lattice forms. DTFT and Properties of DTFT. 3.

Sign up to vote on this title
UsefulNot useful