Lauren Lugo Gift Adeboyeku Zachary Miles Dr.

Andrew Wax Emergence Global Society December 17, 2010 Industrial Revolution

The Revolutions of 1848 were a series of political and economic revolts that took place in Europe because of a recent rapid development of industry that occurred in Britain in the late 18th and 19th centuries, brought about by the introduction of machinery. As a result the economy, military, and political strength of the societies that embraced it dramatically magnified. The countries that benefited from industrialization were the ones that had the necessary essentials of land, labor and capital, and government support. These countries being the Germans, Slovaks, Poles, Danes, Italians, Czechs, Hungarians, Croats, Romanians, and Americans. Regardless of much success in those countries there were many countries that were unsuccessful. For example, India tried to develop jute and steel industries. Jute being rough fiber made from the stems of tropical old world plant, used for making twine or rope or woven into sacking or matting. Unfortunately, the government could not support and give little investment capital to the entrepreneurs and the industry never thrived. Due to much unprofitable business an international division of labor resulted. People in industrialized countries (Europe) produced manufactured products, while people in less industrialized countries (Africa, Asia, and Latin America) produced the raw materials

that were needed for that production. and Latin America that produced raw materials and the European countries that produced manufactured goods increased the total proportion of world trade. Africa. Many countries in Latin America. and rubber. By . the division of labor between people in Asia. and a market economy could not develop. Majority of European investors owned and controlled the plantations that produced these crops. Despite the discrepancies. Although China experienced European military superiority during the opium wars and later on were in need of Western technology while not losing their own traditions to become the most advanced nation. and Asia became highly dependent on sugar. needed cotton. as well as other fibers for the textile industry. For instance. As industrialization flourished. Compared to any European country. China did not have a development incentive like them because there was not an environment of huge competition in that area. Sea travel became much more efficient. with voyages that used to take months or years reduced to days or weeks. and majority of the profits went to those European countries. which made world trade a necessity. the crop workers had little money to spend. England who had much prosperity during the Industrial era. and South America to produce it for them. Those countries’ economies were very vulnerable to any change in the international market. additional coal and iron were needed. Egypt. cotton. Africa. In numerous occurrences this division of labor led to colonization of the non-industrialized areas. so they turned to India. As a result technology grew rapidly. and the British Empire grew rapidly in order to meet these demands. Very little to none of the profits went to improving the living conditions for people that worked to plant and take care of the crops. As a result.

fortified trade between the Atlantic and Pacific Oceans by cutting through Central America. The Panama Canal. The Suez Canal built by the British and French connected the Mediterranean Sea to the Red Sea.1914 two great canals shortened sea journeys by thousands of miles. . cutting the distance in half to get from Asia to Europe. which was in the western hemisphere.

Print. . 2009. Robert C.Work Cited Allen. The British Industrial Revolution in Global Perspective. Cambridge: Cambridge UP.

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