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ME2135E Fluid Mechanics Formula sheet

A0066078X Lin Shaodun Page 1 of 4



)
Centrifugal Pump
Power


Head

)
Capacity
Coeff


Head
Coeff


Power
Coeff


Head


Eff

)
Eff



()

|


Head


Axial Pump

)
Power

Head

)



Cavitation

()


Cavitation index:

()


Hydrostatic Bearing
()

)
(

)
()

)
(

)
(

[ (

: Absolute Blade velocity

Flow velocity relative to blade

Absolute flow velocity

Normal component of

Tangential component of



u
r1

u
b1

V=V
n


Inlet velocity triangle
u
r2

u
b2

V
n2


V
t2

V
2

Outlet velocity triangle


ME2135E Fluid Mechanics Formula sheet
A0066078X Lin Shaodun Page 2 of 4

Minimum pumping loss:


Hydrodynamics Bearing-Inclined

()

()

()

()
[()

]
()

) ()

()

)
(

)
(

()


Hydrodynamics Bearing-Rayleigh step

)
(


Flat Plate Boundary Layer Flow Rex=5x10
5

Re


Laminar (Blasius
Solution)



2.59



Turbulent (1/7 Power
Lower vel. profile )


1.29



For laminar flows H varies between 2 and 3, (normal: 1.5~2)


()


() (


Blasius Solution:

()

()

()
Boundary Layer with transition


Attached Flow Point of separation Separated flow:


Pressure decreases in the flow direction, accelerate
the lower part of boundary layer, Result in thinner
boundary layer than the case


Pressure increases in the flow direction, decelerate the
lower part of boundary layer, and cause some fluid
particles adjacent to the wall to be brought to rest.


Navier-Stokes Equation
(

)
ME2135E Fluid Mechanics Formula sheet
A0066078X Lin Shaodun Page 3 of 4

(

)
(

)
(

)
(


Steady Parallel Flow though a straight channel width=2b

)
Stream function: CCWPositive, CWNegative, Volume flow:

Incompressible flow:

)
(


Velocity Potential


Differential

( )


)

( )

( )

( )

( )

]
( )

( )


Stream Functions
Flow
Type
Flow Pattern Stream Function
Velocity
Potential
Flow Type Flow Pattern Stream Function Velocity Potential
Parallel
Flow


Source and
Uniform flow
(Half Rankine)


Stagnation Pt: (

)
Uniform
Oblique
Flow

( )
Sink / Source
pair


Source
or Sink


Sink / Source
pair in Uniform
flow (Full Rankine)


Point
Vortex

Doublet


Vortex-
Source


A Doublet in
Uniform flow
(Flow over cylinder)

, (


Flow with circulation round a
circular cylinder in uniform
flow
(






|
|
.
|

\
|

|
|
.
|

\
|

+ =

1
1 1
0
0 1
0
tan
2
tan
2 x x
y y q
x x
y y q
y u
t t

( )
( ) ( )
( )
( ) ( )
2
1
2
1
1
2
0
2
0
0
0
2 2 y y x x
x x q
y y x x
x x q
u u
+

+

+ =
t t
For source and sink at general coordinates (x0,y0) and (x1,y1)

ME2135E Fluid Mechanics Formula sheet
A0066078X Lin Shaodun Page 4 of 4

Sample Q&A
1. NS equation: 2 liquid with diff. , same , no mixing, no pressure grad. Plate moving at U horizontal, gap =h+h
ANS:

()

()

()

()


2. NS question: liquid flow on slant plate, zero shear at interface, with gravity g, liquid thickness=h, flow direction as x axis.
ANS:

()

()


3. NS question: liquid flow vertically within 2 fixed plates, under gravity g (direction z), liquid thickness=h.
ANS:

() () ()


4. NS question: liquid flow within 2 plates, one fixed, another moves upwards in velocity U, under gravity g, liquid thickness=h
ANS:

() () ()


5. NS question: Couette flow, pressure gradient at x direction. Liquid thickness=h
ANS:


6. Stream function: Flow past a cylinder with its axis perpendicular to the direction of flow.
ANS:

)
ANS:

)]


7. Stream function: A vortex with wall.
ANS:

( )

( )

( )

( )

( )

( )

)
[

)
]
8. Boundary layer: Skin friction.

)

+


9. Stream function: Two sink Q at x=1 and one source NQ at 0,0
ANS:

(

( )

(

( )

( )

( )