La Regla de Palo Monte or Kimbanda is a religion originating in the Great Lakes region of eastern equatorial Africa.

Many Bantu peoples migrated to other regions to escape the onslaught of peoples and influences Hamites, engaged in religious wars of conquest and expansion. After crossing the continent in painful marches, one of those waves of Bantu spread in the area of tropical forests and savannahs which extended to the estuary of the River Kongo and higher parts of Kunene Rivers, Kubango, Chobe and Kasai. Among these groups were part of our African ancestors who settled at some point in the late thirteenth or early fourteenth century, in the coastal region which corresponds approximately to what is now known as Angola. These communities gave birth to a series of embryonic state formations, which, with the passage of time, were merged under a central authority, the MANIKONGO. The oral tradition Bakongo (generic name of the Bantu migrants who settled in that area) tell different stories about dela constitution of his kingdom. One says that nine (9) of the nephews of Manikongo (King of the Bakongo) left the clan of his uncle and crossed the Zaire River to settle in riparian lands, founding there the nine clans direct descendants of the monarch. Another says that Mtimu Wene, the first Manikongo, after a long war did settle on the Rio Kongo. Then distributed the conquered lands among his captains were nine more spells. Thus constituting the nine clans named: 1. I am Ndumba A Nzinga, climbing plant that is wound in a spiral. My arms are tied around the country. 2. I am MANIANGA, who is seated. I sit in a chair and y on the mat. I have given birth to and Nlazas Mvembas. 3. I am Nanga, the lame, but I'm going too far. The stones of my stove heads of men. My spoon to eat is the rib of a whale. 4. I am MAKUNKU, that everything collapses. I rushed to the Ndembo, the drums come powers not bother anyone or the drum or the drum Ngongi Ngoma. 5. I am Ngimbi, one that grows abundantly all that nourishes and feeds. The mandiacas or fake sugar canes that are cut in the morning to noon sun swaying again. 6. I am MBENZA, that which breaks, cutting, cleaving. Do not cut the heads of mice, but those of men. 7. I am MPUDI A Nzinga, a big fish, but also a falcon hunting in spite of the fire on the grass on fire. 8. NDONGO Mbombo I am the snake that leaves traces in its wake. She crawls across the Congo, Loango. Mother who does good to all the clans. 9. I am Makamba, who shared the land, but the laws of the land left in my hands and my power. The core of the United Manikongo, including the portion managed directly by

The death of the man. through a complex network of headquarters. because when someone dies it becomes an invisible being with powers similar to those of Nzambi. the soul returns to Nzambi material. however. ranks much higher. who lived among the Bakongo and whose work is required reference material for those interested in religious manifestations Manikongo. was south of the estuary of the River Kongo. which descending humanity. Nzambi is not a cult. Nzambi (God) created the heavens and all the stars. a corpse. but sees everything. San Salvador modern northern Angola. is not shown to the living. the ancestor of mankind. Nzambi name has many meanings. which enters the body of men. ZULU Tuuk later became Mukulu or Nkulu. which also brought seeds of all useful plants and in whom originated all the uses and customs. but not represented in any material thing. all that exists. for whose welfare and happiness is responsible. Legend has it that in itself was ANGOMi APSAD Nzambi. It lives in the sky (Nzulu) and down to earth (Ntot). Nzambi involved in the creation of each individual. Another view is Karl Laman. Kuang. tutelary god of the clan. Nzambi has life and death. even death. and giving. creator of the fetus in the womb. Nzambi is true and omnipotent. Nzambi. According to many scientists express the sense of hearing is the last thing that gets lost in the moment of death. Its capital was Mbanza Kongo. Around this core were smaller states. It accounts for a largescale animal. even in pictures. repentance or offerings. indicating that the true birth occurred.him. The lines on the palm of the hand and the deep furrows of the spine known as writing Nzambi and His ways. Kongo surrounded by Rivers. you can not move with their prayers. At that time Angomi slept a deep sleep and . According to legends (nmutalambo) Bakongo. It's bigger and more powerful than all other categories of spirits. According to native conception. deity whose worship preserved the Bakongo. especially FUNZA. Some Bakongo believe that man and woman were created in heaven and lowered to the ground by a spider's web. Mbanza is the term for the founding ancestor's grave in the village. Nzambi is identical to Chambi. They also believe that a person called Tuuk ZULU (which came from heaven) visited the earth riding on a flash as Nzambi sent to heal the sick and raise the dead. In the Bakongo traditions Nkisi (nature spirits) have a particular relevance. the soul enters the ear material. Nzambi gave life to man at the time of creation. and Bunzi. and punishes those who break its laws. is everywhere. According Laman. Many legends tell how the world came from Nzambi. When a child is born. and also the first human couple.

rivers. So you send him back. Upon receiving positive response from them. Nzambi heard his request and gave the secret to Aluvaya. Aluvaya to see he was losing his power. Kavyungo. As he grew older. Angora and Angoromea. and was told that the secret key that only had Nzambi. animals. among which were: Mukumbe Nkosi. he went down with them to the inhabited worlds. called the world. Wung. flowers. Pezca. Aluvaya asked the secret of eternal life. Aluvaya began to feel powerful by the secret obtained and resolved not to return. I noticed that around Angomí was unknown and one could not leave his room. Aluvaya began to falter. blood. planets. flaquearía much.. Thus Aluvaya happened to have the same constitution that living things. you are deceiving me. forests. alleging negligence . etc . Kitembo.. The Zinkisi seeing the great work of Aluvaya. To keep power began to drink the blood of the beings he created. Nzambi asked the magical power of precipitating the energy capable of shaping the dough called matter. To achieve its objective. etc . Gongobila or Lambaranguange. Aluvaya every hour every day and created a new being. On entering the unknown. Zumbaranda. came to be the domain of the seas. " Nzambi made the decision to create new spiritual beings to control their infinite space. those who were the messengers of Nzambi. began to emit a strong light and concentrate it in a being called ALUVAYA. So Aluvaya spaces exceeded and reached the foot of Nzambi. he told the other side had beautiful beings. etc. Aluvaya asked for help to other spiritual beings or Zinkisi. Nzambi asked her to inform him if Zinkisi Aluvaya did a good job. Nzambi Aluvaya told that if he stayed longer in this world. he replied: "Aluvaya. punishment. I needed to know the secret of eternal life. Katende. Kaitumba. Lying. One of the curious humans. So. came to preparing persons to perform various feats. losing its power.increasingly expanded. At this time things did not know another man in the universe than the one who had created them. Kisimbi. Nzazi. Meanwhile. He promised he was going to go Nzambi other spaces to retrieve information. Beings created by him came to occupy the great centers of bonded material. transforming and creating in humans.. The Zinkisi to seize the domains Aluvaya. Tere-Kompenso. Nzambi receive their emissions. From time to time. and will have to keep up with the very essence of life that you know. which gave him the blood so that their lives were longer. Matamba. using their powers and drank of his own essence. roads.. hunting. Began to mold the masses and the energy rush. who left for other spaces. Nzambi then Aluvaya asked to come before his presence to talk about their work. and Lembaranganga. these beings were the Zinkisi.

the Zinkisi or Zimpungu and Men. with their strong features. Angola and Mozambique. Imbis root brought from what are now the states of Zaire. which contains elements of all religions practiced in Cuba. So Nzambi divinatory systems created for man to communicate with Aluvaya and this in turn with others Zinkisi and Nzambi. Guindavela. Mandinga. . the branch gave rise to Santo Cristo del Buen Viaje. Sarabanda Malafama. This legend shows the result of symbolic sacrifice to summon the spirits of nature created by Nzambi. Aluvaya happened to have the responsibility to maintain the material life through the blood. Over time. Monte Garavato. traditions and religious beliefs came to Cuba from the second half of the sixteenth century. As punishment. which quickly spread to the other. These rules of Palo Monte is subdivided into branches. For example. Seven Brillumba. the need to be strengthened. Congo. Timbiseros. people feel the need to Aluvaya. or Brillumba Briyumba (mixed with Regla Ocha) and Kimbisa. made sacrifices to call it. Bisongo. So is the intermediary between Aluvaya Nzambi. Vititi Kongo. is the second largest group of cults of African origin in Cuba. Rompe Monte. We were formed by Aluvaya of Nzambi barely got the essence of the spirit. This legend (Nmutalambo) shows why Nzambi not know directly. Rules are divided into three main Mayombe (the purest syncretized or less). Santeria Orishas and Mpungos (deities drainers) are as the same saint.. Paticongo Clava Clava. the latter created by Andres Petit. Rule Kimbisa. Viramundo War Vence. etc. taking in Yoruba-Christian elements . RompemonteGuindavela. Vence Just War World Mayaca.Nzambi return to the messengers who were expelled from their space. These rites. Sese Ngando Nsala Mayombe. who were joined at the beginning of the nineteenth century. Brillumba rule is divided into: Brillumba Kongo. so the virgins and saints Catholic. etc. yet. to unify the powers of Santeria and Catholicism in worship congo (as in giving birth to the mixed form Briyumba to practice religion. Reolvió Nzambi Aluvaya give the mission an intermediary between the two spaces. the rule Mayombe is divided into: Battle Saca Pawn.. when they begin to form in the island's first settlements of the basis set Bantu. and so on. given through Lembaranganga. Changani. They were said to Congo home because they. Congo Battle Nsala Ngando Mayombe. dominated the rest of the ethnic groups who were tripe. because they were dependent on the blood created by him. None retained the purity of their origin. which is called Santa Cruz and Palo crossover). to call messenger Nzambi to solve our problems we land. Quijenco. It was he who precipitated matters spiritual beings. Pawn Saca Mayombe.

which took office in the middle of songs. for example. with its origins in the Congo. I shed blood of a freshly slaughtered chicken and in return the dead man will obey and protect you from all evil. seven.. also love all the forces of nature: wind. the sponsor. here is the Tata Nkisi mayombero. but with their own musical instruments using their language as a mixture of kilongo ritual with Spanish. nine or sixteen shells or cowries. as well as enriched the Yoruba and Catholicism tax. For them it is essential to arrange to see the future life quickly and effectively. which may be comprised of four coconut shells. and although there is a rich mythology as the Yoruba. Your system overlaps ritual and theological conceptions very deep. which is like the house slave of his death. directly influenced other folk religions of African origin and has thousands of followers in the magical universe of the Caribbean. From this Groupings discussed later in AfroCuban and The Birth of the Rules syncretic. who has the knowledge to work with the Pledge (Nganga-Nkisi) or "pot". witchcraft. put spiritism. they will serve. as found. used to guess the Mensu Mpaka. Music and songs have a poor compared with the Yorubas. Thus. African cults make no be as accurate in Cuba and his country of origin) that is unique to Cuba.) Petit became a melting pot.. some elements of spiritualistic rites. a medley. they do have a herbal or botanical knowledge well developed. a horn that has within magical ingredients and the opening is covered by a mirror that the witch is smoked through it and read the figures that appear in the smoke.. to predict and advise. cowries or shells. The drainer. although formed from the convergence of practices of different ethnic groups Bantu world. the church. is magic item). sea. with Santo.) (. leaving in it the model most perfect of religious syncretism which is produced in Cuba (. Through a deal with the dead than live in the "pot". As the chief is the most santero Babalawo.. took everything: Palo worked with Ocha. A Rule Bantu as seen in its various branches. his creator. bones. Many use the Chamalongo. Padre Nganga. metals. In the process of acculturation when different cultures come into contact different phenomena involved in the Bantu belief systems are like "adjustments .. The Regla Conga or Palo Monte is a manifestation of popular religion. to overcome (.. worshiping the plants (the presence of Palo Monte is basic.) but took more of the Lucumi Congo. to protect and defend hexes revenge and his supporters (of the sect abakuá mainly) decided to establish the Rule Kimbisa. so that makes this ethnic heterogeneity (the same as Santeria.Lydia Cabrera wrote in his book The rule Kimbisa the Santo Cristo del Buen Viaje that Petit. The dead are part of everyday life as members of the same family.

" Bantu Africa. · Initiation Ceremony in worship. Mayombe is the intimate relationship of the spirit of a dead. differences in functions are established between the "Christian clothing" and "Jewish garment. social or family problems. · Cause conducive Nkisi Nganga initiation illness." Loss of communal rituals (both cyclical and compliance). etc.). which pays homage to the dead and the spirits of nature. Who has this request is antisocial muroyi is the "witch" (usually a woman). · Displacement conceptual terms the essence of this religion. or sorcerer or muloi muroyi wewazekele wemasikati or who may be a man. officiating Rule is known as Palo Monte. However. but have a broad and . sticks and grasses. land. It's called the Sorcerer of Tradition mayombero Conga. minerals. Bantu components: · The magic or nkisi receptacle. Acculturation (arrangement or adaptation to specific demands of the dominant culture). Tata Nganga or nkisi daddy. Loss of many family-related ceremonies.in order to pass the black culture to white culture oriundez adaptation. · Operations magic with the belongings and body parts of a person about whom you want to influence (magic pollutant). Foreign components: · The injury heals and functionally merge into a single practitioner: the ngangulero. · Rituals of compliance. · Monotheism. mandated by a spiritual entity or the guardian angel of the person to start. African Bantu: ancestor worship. the Nganga does not work to do harm. · Touch and dance to promote the action of the dead or other spiritual entities. Polytheism. · Sacrifice symbolic animals associated with the cult. Rules Congas lack a complex pantheon of deities. along with the animals. mayombero. including Nzambi Mpungu. hagiographies and other stories related to supreme deities or pantheons of gods (Nzambi identification with God. waters. make up the universe adored by the Cuban descendants of the men brought the kingdom of Manikongo. · Food and drink offering to the spirits. and religious heritage. · Use as ritual drinks and Yamboso Chamba. • Use of plants and other substances to cure and / or harm. Regla de Palo Monte: cult of the Nganga (Nkisi). · Baptism ritual (secret name which is given to the initiated as "born nkisi above").

Nbanda. almost all denominations have Zinkisi Mimpungu or congas and Spanish. Kinfwiti. kwisama . the ultimate . Mundembu. Palo Monte does not show the enormous wealth that characterizes mythological Lucumi religion. etc. but the number of Kutugwango is sufficient to integrate all of a canon that seeks to explain the origin of the cosmos. The Bantu slaves lived in close coexistence with other ethnic groups. The Mimpungu cult are not particular. is extremely effective and comes directly from Nsambi. Kasamba. for example. according to their beliefs.. God. such as Regla de Palo Monte. Kimbisa. The group brought to Cuba Congo abound: Angunga (Congos Reales). Loango. the origin of the death and evil. Angola. In congas sects are traditional stories transmitted orally referred to that primeval world which he left all that exists.Kikongo underlay the Cuban conga language and whose system of religious beliefs and practices had a decisive influence in shaping the Rules Congas. Mandongo.the greatest. Mulwanda. The black howler known in Cuba as coming from a large area of West Africa that ranges from southern Cameroon to the south of Angola and includes the area of Mozambique. They are respected. and this contact. retains the appellation of Mpungu Kikongo . coupled with the extreme lability of the spiritual entities congas. The equivalent of Pataki Congo Yoruba Kutugwango called.to designate certain superior minds to Orishas syncretize Lucumi with some figures of Catholic saints. Songo. help the faithful. Rule Kimbisa. the origin of man and Mpunga.multifaceted system of magic. Mayombe. Ngola. as well as equivalent Lucumi and Catholics. particularly the Yoruba or Lucumi. Mbaka. as Lucumi Orisha. Among the people who are in the region highlights the Kongo or Bakongo itself. but their role is relatively minor in the Congo where the fundamental rules is the cult of the dead. whose language . Biyumba. In the elements Kutugwango theogonic antropogónicos cosmogonic and often appear very mixed. As a result of this process. It should be noted that this process of synthesis is equal but not a complete identification. It is common in Cuba from using the label of Palo Monte Mayombe to refer to all rules congas as a whole. the Musunde (or Musundí) and Brillumba. and the relationship of God (Nzambi) with all these processes initial and later with living humanity. promoted significant changes in the conformation of the Cuban Rules of Bantu origin . they are named.) Congas Rules exist in various fields. Benguela. . Musabela. Oriyumba. In them. Bakongo. on the southeast coast of Africa. when in fact this is but one of them.

"in accordance with the bunganga of their elders" that is. a group of faithful who submits to the authority of a Father Nganga individual that starts. because he himself is dead when the dead man enters your body. Is the King's wife. sons of one mother. but without departing from its essence or alter the pattern of an ancient tradition. putting into practice the knowledge. This will articulate the magic. or as Makinde said.and own a slice (called mayomberos to the pot or container in which magic is a Nkisi for a child). King. Queen and vassals. But to all Bamwana (brotherhood) "do not mount the Palo" (spirit). and after death. The one up . which are called in Spanish dogs. and Gajo Godmother. send in yours as absolute owner.started. is like a tribe. syncretized with Christian traditions. the Tikantika or Tikatika Nkento Nkisi. Mfume. the First Father. and the Godmother of Nkisi . The organization of a Nzo-Nganga. the Chief or King with his subjects. (The first thing Father Mayombe to start one is to call the dead from their family). is written to the skin.Basis . is to not lose the spirit. To explain the organization of a temple of Mayombe or Palo Monte. a packet of candles. as seen in many Kutugwango. " The Mwana are all belonging to the house of Nfumo Nganga." In the room of the Nganga does not affect the welfare of its owner. buy it. This striped . says: "The House Nganga.it's called Mwana Mwana Ngombe or Nganga Ngombe NTU. has many similarities with those of the Ile-house Orisha or Santo. Ngombe is working. not to entertain. And what ties Nkisi swears to forever. Bamwana Zingombe and in the Nzo.the Ngudi Nganga. all are brothers. servants or dogs riding the Nfumbi Nkisi "(which takes possession of the spirit of serving the Taita Dead Nganga)" and Mwana. To these. After all work in the World House. Mbua. servants. religion and social protest in the tradition of the Congos mitogónica Cuba. because when you die is to meet with his .The process continues in Cuba mitogónico. until Nan füiri (nfwiri).to be clairvoyant . and life. Pledge to stop the Foundation. Then there are Nkomba or Ngombe. until he dies. Comes then sent his butler or two butlers. In the Bamwana Nzo have the right to cure as they help in what they can. who is like a Queen. When you need a rooster. You have to identify with the dead.falls into a trance . With the blade of a knife is made out white crosses on the skin. " "If true Nganga house you see no knickknacks or Fefer. we prepare them well. That parent Nganga Principal. The mayombero much you earn no longer "a son of the . "Word is not erased. Every Parent Nganga. who is also called the Home World. First Master. sacred legacy of their predecessors. not to be distracted by those gadgets that the living preaching of esotericism as communicators. know (bunganga). Are prepared in view . the home of Nganga. says I love you. (like every Holy Father). or the Nkisi the Father.

in this case. among which the following stand out for their originality: NZIMBA Mbongo statue is a pledge from the Mayombe area called Laman. Laman says. she is described as a cult object Community to open the womb of a long line. MBENZA is clearly a very old type Nkisi which takes many forms. The garments are variously receptacles containing what Robert Thompson described as a miniature universe. The Bakongo believe that albinos. Although this Nkisi attacks all human body. They contain water. Served for divination and healing. soil and cement. a clay Cardero. the spirit was fixed with resin and bilongo (medicine) to a sculpture. There is actually a garment. Hence. Nkisi Mbundu is a tie made in the form of bark and used to tell the truth about various serious local disputes. a horn of an animal. after his death. In Mayombe is also the highest hierarchical titles and name of an important clan in the region. along with small fragments of bones or a human being whose spirit goes to live in that Nkisi or receptacle. as the twins are the reincarnation of the spirits of water. but the soul of a deceased person who has taken. but a kind of miniature botanical many villages available to its residents to provide the basic ingredients to make up a pledge to those in need. not a disembodied soul. is very complex and includes amiletos they should use those protected by this Nkisi.Mount. as prescribed by these peoples. there is Nkisi A BAMBONSONO or Nkisi of all. Londa is a Nkisi for women and children. a turtle carapace (tortoise). Some studies. and perhaps the concept of Eastern Bakongo which more clearly outlines its meaning. has multiple types of these receptacles. When one of the illustrious dead of the clan wanted to demonstrate to help or harm the living. west of Kingoyi and Kinkenge. a statuette and so on. Mbundu is a plant that is used to compose this Nkisi. stones taken from different sites." Their religion is wild. voluntarily. For spirit is to be understood. Ndundu is the name of a Nkisi which means albino. On special occasions. herbs. Finally. teeth. For them. claws of various animals. a dough made from powders of trees. a snail. the term designates the spirit Nkisi and the material object in which that spirit is and . leaves. also cures many diseases. beaks. the statue / receptacle and the spirit that had come to inhabit it were the generic name NKUYU. This can physically be a pumpkin. which gives it its name. By joining the spirit. as Gaffey Mag. was also a sculpture of one or more human figures. which emphasizes family harmony. a body adapted to his new way of being. Gaffey Mag Wyatt in his catalog of the items collected by Laman in the Congo. Nkisi is a term that is confusing. it is an artificial object Nkisi habotado or influenced by a spirit and endowed by him superhuman power. a bunch of tree bark.

. Like the physical body has its shadow. is regarded as a dual being. But it was the first human MUTETE who descended from heaven. Any man or woman who possesses a Nkisi is therefore a Nganga. but not like people. Then he composed the line Zinkisi Kyere. toda enfermedad tendría un desenlace fatal. the physical body that is buried and decomposed. of which it is inferred that there is conceptual and the shadow funsionalmente as the soul or principle of life. the essence of man. the human being. Si abandona al cuerpo. but is transmitted to form a kind of lineage. which could be described as the inner image of man. Por eso los muertos mantienen el alma de un enfermo virtualmente cautiva. the soul also has its own. NSALA does not leave the physical body. the destroyer. the first Nkisi was made in the water. The higher Nganga who transmitted the art of composing a Nkisi the novices. who also reports on their properties and prohibitions. or rather the beginning of life. For Banganga. each Nkisi may be born as many others as it considers its Nganga. obligándola a no alejarse del cuerpo físico. and an entity inerna. source of all living beings. the very essence of man. MWELA es el aliento. Man. el órgano a través del cual el hombre vive y respira. who taught men how to make and compose a Nkisi. equivalent to NSALA LUNZI sense. North of the Congo. and the shadow is separated from it. composed of a foreign entity. NSALA is visible as a shadow. Legend has it that the first Nkisi MKULU was composed by an ancient ancestor. NSALA is the part of man which is not visible in the outer body is his soul. Congolese popular tradition. But each of them must be equal to the first. el hombre muere.can be mastered by a man. Laman offers a detailed explanation of this. MWELA puede posesionarse de cualquier animal. To better understand the nature of the ancestral spirits and nature. It is considered a living being who acts as the witch of man. and inaugurated the line NKOSI. which in turn is composed of two entities separate: NSALA and MWel. The Nkisi life does not end. joy. but until the man dies. si no hicieran ésto. Nganga and do listen to what he told. where the word is not used NSALA is used KIINI (shadow). whose name he took. Thus. which can momentarily leave to roam the world and learn about events that affect their own future. which leads to conclusions about this collection through the meanings of key words that designate each of the various components. known first as perceived espreciso the Bakongo living beings. The Nkisi have breath. In Mayombe and other southern regions. Laman says. visible or invisible.

su aliento va al mundo de los muertos oa KALUNGA. NYUMBA son aquellos que al pasar al mundo de los muertos. actuando así en forma parecida al NSALA. Los habitantes del mundo de los muertos están. deja el cuerpo físico y vaga por otros lugares para conocer y predecir el futuro de su poseedor. se mezclan unas gotas de su sangre con las de un animal determinado para que ambos compartan el mismo aliento y la vida se prolongue. porque no deben pagar por hechos censurables. aunque no existen evidencias de parecido entre uno y el otro.Para prolongar la vida de un ser humano. pero en otras regiones se le llama NDOONA BIDI. el aliento. Cuando el hombre muere. su salud y su razón captur un SIMBI. Cuando un hombre duerme. en cuya tierra el sol nunca alumbra y desde el cual los muertos no pueden visitar a los vivos en los sueños. la vida continua semejante a la vida terrenal. La muerte. se confunden con ellos. y se cree que es femenino. También existen los SIMBI. sino tras muchas dificultades y peligros. sólo ocurre una vez y es como recompensa. divididos en dos grandes grupos: los NKUYU y los NYUMBA. misioneros lo encontraron en Loango y en Mbanza Kongo. Un SIMBI no puede ser capturado y encerrado en un Nkisi. no adquieren una apariencia diferente a la que tenían en vida. si bien carente de penas y enfermedades. En Cuba. Anuncia la llegada de la estación seca cuando pasan por la tierra con sus huestas. por éso. Al sur del Congo. muchas veces. regiones infernales de la tierra. Los NKUYU no tienen un lugar definido en el mundo de los muertos. NKADI MPEMBA es una de las figuras más misteriosas de la mitología de los Bakongos. transformación. Igualmente de enigmático es MBUMBA LOANGO. El agua salada o dulce es su habitat y sus lagunas tienen la reputación de ser muy peligrosas para quienes se acercan a ellas. es una entidad cruel y dictatorial. se convierte automáticamente en un Nganga. aunque en nada se parezcan a ellos. por lo general. se mezclan con los vivos y. poderoso espíritu reverenciado . NKADI MPEMBA. Quien a riesgo de su vida. y se sirvieron de él para designar a Satanas. relatan a partir de los testimonios recogidos por los Bakongos. visión y también cambio. dicen los Bakongos. sin necesitar iniciación. a los que a menudo se les confunden con los espíritus de los muertos. NKUYU significa espectro. Los SIMBI se manifiestan en torrentes o inundaciones súbitas que arrazan chozas y cosechas. y éstos a su vez divididos en numerosos subgrupos funsionales. Los cronistas. les denominan Wije o Jigwe. En el mundo de los muertos. el jefe de los SIMBI es llamado MPULU BUNZI. sino que andan errantes por el mundo de los vivos y son suceptibles a ser capturados por un Nganga.

De dichas personas se dice que tienen la facultad de convertirse en animales de conocida ferocidad. otra en la Habana. de los cuales nacieron otros muchos. A estos les denominan NKISI-NZI y son atendidos por el NTOMA-NZI. No pocos estudiosos sostienen que se trata de deidades traidas por los primeros bantúes que se asentaron en la zona. la mayoría de sus divinidades eran femeninas. las lagunas. Éstos procrearon los que. Dicho amuleto (Makuto Panga Dilongo) es hecho de ébano carbonero con ingredientes magicos y una oración. las rocas y los bosques. Fueron ellos los que compusieron. en honor a los nueve reinos sagrados del dominio de Manikongo. una fuerza transmisible por consaguineidad. Cabindas fueron destinados a plantaciones de caña.en la zona de Mayombe. los primeros nueve (9) Zinkisi. quien oculta su verdadera apariencia bajo el disfraz de una serpiente que vivía junto al agua. cocodrilos. El único objeto mágico que necesitan estas personas es un amuleto que los ayuda a operar su metamorfosis. Las personas con dicho poder eran también llamadas NDOKI. a Cuba transportados a la fuerza en los navios de las empresas europeas. llegarían a ser los fundamentos de las Reglas de Palo Monte en Cuba. una en Santa Clara. aunque nos parece que mejor podría describirse como espíritus de la naturaleza divinizados. Estas personas son llamadas en Cuba kagweiro (cagüeiro). otra en Camagüey y las dos últimas en . que es lo mismo que el NGANGA NKISI. La presencia en las américas de un grupo numeroso de esclavos pertenecientes a los diversos clanes Bakongos del Reino del Manikongo ya es conocida por todos. sino a un poder. leopardos. que permite a quienes lo poseyeran o recibieran dominar a los espíritus de sus parientes muertos sin precisar objeto mágico alguno. cientos de Congos. símbolo de la proliferación. Estos espíritus de la naturaleza no habitan ni Nkuyu. Si bien los clanes de pescadores Bakongos del territorio que hoy se conoce como Cabinda rendían culto a los antepasados. Ngolas. café y tabaco. Eran llamadas espíritus madres y su origen parece ser muy remoto. Dos de ellas fueron hechas en la provincia de Pinar del Río. Desembarcados en distintos puntos de Cuba. entre otras islas caribeñas. sino la tierra. También arribaron. ni Nkisi. y estaban directamente asociadas con la naturaleza. junto con aquellas prendas originales. En el Reino Manikongo. No fué exclusivamente en Brasil a donde fueron a parar los Bakongos capturados en el Reino del Manikongo. o serpientes de gran tamaño. ni a un espíritu. dos en Matanzas. el término NDOKI no designa a ningún espectro. cuya devoción ha sobrevivido allí hasta nuestros días.

Matamba. identificada con Oyá de los Yorubas y con La Virgen de la Candelaria católica. La hacienda lindaba con la Sierra del Cuzco. fundado en 1827. y como se han ido transformando al decursar del tiempo.oriente – Santiago de Cuba. la primera fué compuesta a finales del Siglo XIX y pertenecía a Saturnino Gómez. De esta forma tienen una idea de cómo llegaron las tradiciones bantúes del Reino de Manikongo. Bahía Honda. Muchos ritos se han perdido. en el partido de San Diego de Nuñes. alrededor de 1806. los remolinos. donde hoy se ubica el pueblo de La Candelaria está la Loma de Juan Nganga. descendiente de algún esclavo de la dotación del Ingenio “Santa Teresa”. Las dos de Pinar del Río se nombran NDUMBO A NZINGA y MANANGA. de los Bakongos a Cuba. que correspondií a la dueña de las centellas. pero aún queda el culto a Nzambi y los espíritus de la naturaleza bastante parecido al África Bantú. . El segundo Nkisi servía a los esclavos congos de la hacienda “La Candelaria” de San francisco Javier Pedroso. Centella Ndoki. famoso cimarrón que montó la prenda. Ésta recibió el nombre de MANAWANGA o MARIWANGA. y sus terrenos.

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