Biology Unit Test #1 K T C
Multiple Choice Identify the letter of the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question. ____ 1. Which of the following is the essential characteristic of a polar molecule? a. contains double or triple bonds b. is formed at extremely low temperatures c. contains ions as part of the structure d. has an asymmetrical distribution of electrical charge e. contains the element oxygen 2. Isomers are molecules that a. react readily with one another b. have the same molecular formula c. have different molecular masses d. differ in the number of unsaturated bonds e. must contain the same functional group 3. By what factor would the concentration of hydrogen (hydronium) ions be decreased if the pH of a solution changed from 4.5 to 6.5? a. 2 d. 20 b. 5 e. 100 c. 10 4. Choose the element that is found in all organic compounds. a. nitrogen d. hydrogen b. carbon e. oxygen c. sulphur 5. The following structural formula is representative of which functional group?
a. sulfhydryl b. hydroxyl c. carbonyl
d. carboxyl e. amino
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Which of the functional groups illustrated below would you expect to find in an amino acid? 1 2 3 4 5
a. which of the following substances would yield a mixture of amino acids? a. and 4 b. which one contains the element. b. Denaturation of proteins always involves enzymes. Catalysts prevent chemical reactions. an amino acid and an alcohol c. a nuclear reaction 13. an endergonic reaction d. glycerol 9. cellulose 11. nucleic acids e. A denatured enzyme is more specific in its action. 2. sugar 10. d. Of the following biological compounds. d. maltose d. 2. e. and 3 c. Which of the following statements regarding enzyme inhibition is incorrect? a. which is not considered to by a polymer? a. 14. sugar e. All catalysts are enzymes. protein b. starch b. Noncompetitive inhibition can be overcome by adding more substrate. 2.____
6. nitrogen? a. Of the following. glycogen e. fat c. carbohydrate d. cellulose d. Competitive inhibitors bind to the active site of an enzyme. RNA e. two amino acids e.docudesk. sucrose c. protein b. glucose b. starch 8. an isothermic reaction e.Trial :: http://www. c. b. All enzymes are catalysts. 1. Of the following five statements. e. an endothermic reaction c. which is an example of a monosaccharide? a. an acid and an amine 12.
PDF Created with deskPDF PDF Writer . fatty acids d. which is most correct with respect to enzymes? a. an exergonic reaction b. Competitive inhibitors have a similar structure to the normal substrate. The hydrolysis (breakdown) of a dipeptide results in the production of which of the following? a. 3 and 5
7. protein c. and 5 ____
d. two sugars b.com
. 1 and 4 e. a sugar and an amino acid d. Noncompetitive inhibitors do not have a similar structure to the normal substrate. Noncompetitive inhibitors do not bind to the active site of an enzyme. 4. When free energy is released during a chemical reaction it is called a. c. When digested. From the following list. fat c.
which results in cramping
PDF Created with deskPDF PDF Writer . V c. I. The following molecules can be found at various stages during cellular respiration: I. get their energy from oxidative phosphorylation instead d. add hydrogen ions to pyruvate at the end of glycolysis d. ATP b. b. mitochondria e. Which of the following processes most likely does not involve anaerobic conditions? a. the muscle cells a. cytochrome oxidase d. I. ____ 16. III. pyruvate e. Allosteric regulators attach to their sites using weak bonds. cannot obtain more usable energy from food by aerobic respiration b. Allosteric sites are usually located next to. glyceraldehyde V. IV. carbon dioxide III. chromosomes b. alcohol is produced in fermentation e. V. Alosterically controlled enzymes usually have quaternary structure. II. bacteria working in an aeration tank at a sewage plant c. I. I.____ 15. IV. must always use aerobic respiration for movement e. c. produce lactate and release energy that way e. When muscles cells do work under anaerobic conditions. I. The major advantage of aerobic respiration to humans is that we a. centrioles d. the active site.docudesk. Proteins are to ribosomes as ATP is to which of the following cell organelles? a. At the end of the electron transport chain. IV. bacteria in the soil help in composting d. must always use anaerobic respiration for movement c. d. V. Golgi apparatus ____ 21. the final product is which of the following? a. sewage breaks down in a septic tank ____ 17. acetyl-CoA II. hydrolyze carbohydrates c. pyruvate Which of the following sequences represents the above molecules in order from the largest to the smallest amount of chemical energy? a. use the pyruvate-acetyl-CoA shunt as an alternative energy source c. III. nucleus c. supply hydrogen ions e. III. IV. stop functioning. Which of the following statements concerning allosteric regulation is not true? a. V. 'Allosteric inhibitors' stabilize the inactive form of the enzyme. 'Activators' tend to keep all the active sites available to the normal substrate. use lactate to synthesize glycogen for glycolysis b. III. co-enzyme A ____ 20. IV. glucose IV. e. yeast causing bread dough to rise b.Trial :: http://www. supply electrons for the reduction of NADP ____ 19. accept electrons during Krebs cycle b. What is the function of water in oxidative phosphorylation? a. II e. III d. II b.com
. water c. II. cannot release energy from food by anaerobic respiration ____ 22. but separate from. V. obtain more usable energy by aerobic respiration d. II ____ 18.
an increase in light intensity e. I. production of ATP b. transportation e. both ATP and oxygen d. transfer of energy from chlorophyll to carbon dioxide d. IV.docudesk. Water is lost from plants by the process of a. translocation b. reduction happens d. ATP c. Which of the following is/are characteristics of CAM plants? I. special leaf anatomy II. pineapples V. oxaloacetate c. transpiration ____ 25.com
. the number of carbons in the first product of the Calvin cycle e. the number of carbons joined together when PEP is carboxylated ____ 29. Which one of the following is not a characteristic of the light reactions? a. the number of different types of cells needed to run the Calvin cycle d. α-ketoglutarate ____ 24. pyruvate e. oxygen e. they take place in the thylakoids of chloroplasts ____ 26. Fatty acids can enter Krebs cycle as which of the following? a. an increase in oxygenase activity relative to carboxylase activity as temperature increases d. pyruvate kinase a. electrons are displaced b. none of the above ____ 28. I and III e. regeneration of chlorophyll ____ 27.Trial :: http://www. none of the above c. I. China and Cambodia. NADH b. elevated carbon dioxide levels in the leaves due to photosynthesis b. energy is converted from a physical to a chemical form e. carbon fixation happens c. translation d. stomata open at night III. II and IV ____ 30. transcription c. the number of carbons is takes to produce one molecule of PGA c. V b. II and III d. excitation of chlorophyll e. III. Which of the following events of photosynthesis is concerned immediately with light? a. acetyl-Coenzyme A d. more likely to occur at lower temperatures. C4 refers to a. phosphoglyceraldehyde (PGAL) b. the countries trying to reduce their CO2 emissions b.____ 23. Chile. Canada. Photorespiration occurs principally because of a. fixation of carbon dioxide c. Photosynthesis is important to the planet because it releases a. elevated oxygen levels in the leaves due to cellular respiration c. carbon dioxide
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the supply of oxygen becomes inadequate for the level of activity you are attempting to maintain.
33. what is the first thing that happens in terms of energy conversion? Hint: Photosystems. When sunlight strikes a leaf.
PDF Created with deskPDF PDF Writer .Short Answer Answer the following questions in the space provided.
31. How do the catabolic reactions of the cell continue? b.docudesk. During active exercise.Trial :: http://www. What is the significance to a person exercising of the change in metabolism described in (a)?
32. a. Briefly explain how ATP is formed by oxidative phosphorylation of NADH.com
34. what is the function of each of the following? a. NADPH + H+ b. temperature and soil nutrients.com
. and how would each of these factors affect the growth of plants?
PDF Created with deskPDF PDF Writer . In terms of the Calvin cycle. carbon dioxide
36. yet all these are the same in both rooms. What factors would you suggest testing for.Trial :: http://www. Later in the conversation you learn that the manager has looked at factors such as light levels. You speak with the manager who says s/he has been having a problem recently with growing plants in this particular room. You are touring a local greenhouse and you notice that many of the plants in one of the rooms of the greenhouse are not as large when compared to the same plants being grown in other parts of the greenhouse. ATP c.docudesk.
03 MP3.2 1.06 MP1. 10.2 2.06 MP1. 24.05 MP1.02 MP1. 13.03 MP1. 8. 12.03
PDF Created with deskPDF PDF Writer . 7.2 2. 14.06 MP1. b.1 2. the fact that metabolism even continues allows for muscle activity to continue.06 MP1.3 3.2 2. 6.3 1.02 MP1. 20. 11.2 1. 4.2 2.05 MP1.04 MP1.4 1. 21. 25.02 MP1.4 2.Unit Test #1 Answer Section
MULTIPLE CHOICE 1.3 3.02 MP1.2 2.Trial :: http://www.com
.1 1.02 MP1. 29. 3.4 1.2 1. ANS: ANS: ANS: ANS: ANS: ANS: ANS: ANS: ANS: ANS: ANS: ANS: ANS: ANS: ANS: ANS: ANS: ANS: ANS: ANS: ANS: ANS: ANS: ANS: ANS: ANS: ANS: ANS: ANS: ANS: D B E B D D E E D D B D E C A B B D E B C D A C B D C D C B REF: REF: REF: REF: REF: REF: REF: REF: REF: REF: REF: REF: REF: REF: REF: REF: REF: REF: REF: REF: REF: REF: REF: REF: REF: REF: REF: REF: REF: REF: K/U C C K/U K/U K/U K/U K/U K/U K/U K/U K/U K/U K/U K/U K/U K/U K/U K/U K/U K/U K/U K/U C C C K/U I C MC OBJ: OBJ: OBJ: OBJ: OBJ: OBJ: OBJ: OBJ: OBJ: OBJ: OBJ: OBJ: OBJ: OBJ: OBJ: OBJ: OBJ: OBJ: OBJ: OBJ: OBJ: OBJ: OBJ: OBJ: OBJ: OBJ: OBJ: OBJ: OBJ: OBJ: 1.01 MP2.3 LOC: MP3.01 MP1.4 3. 19. The production of lactate makes the muscle cells become more acidic and makes muscle contraction difficult. if even for a short time.01 MP1. 22.1 1.05 MP1.2 1.4 3.05 MP1. and the pyruvate that normally would continue on the Krebs cycle as acetyl-CoA is instead converted to lactate to regenerate NAD+ to allow glycolysis to continue. Glycolysis continues to supply small amount of ATP.03 MP1. ANS: a. REF: A OBJ: 2.02 MP2.3 3. 9.docudesk.04 MP1.2 1. this may mean the difference between winning a race and pulling up short. 15. 23.02 MP1.1 1. However.03 MP1. 18. 26.2 1.2 1. In the case of a sprinter.5 LOC: LOC: LOC: LOC: LOC: LOC: LOC: LOC: LOC: LOC: LOC: LOC: LOC: LOC: LOC: LOC: LOC: LOC: LOC: LOC: LOC: LOC: LOC: LOC: LOC: LOC: LOC: LOC: LOC: LOC: MP1.4 3. 2.06 MP2.05 MP1.2 1.06 MP1.03 MP1. 28. 16. 27. 30.03
31.02 MP1.2 2. 17.3 3. 5.
The electrons move from electron carrier to electron carrier in the inner mitochondrial membrane in a series of redox reactions and ultimately combine with oxygen and protons at the cytochrome oxidase complex to form water. carbon dioxide level: If the carbon dioxide level is not adequate.05 34. As electrons move along this pathway more protons.32. The protons from the intermembrane space return to the matrix via special ATP synthase molecules embedded in the inner mitochondrial membrane. they help to catalyze the formation of ATP from ADP and Pi. In this excited state.com
.3 LOC: MP1. ANS: Factors that might also be considered could be a. the molecule becomes excited. REF: A OBJ: 3. ANS: Electrons from NADH are passed to the enzyme NADH dehydrogenase. NADPH + H+ provide the hydrogen atoms and electrons needed to reduce carbon dioxide. REF: K OBJ: 2. REF: T OBJ: 3. Carbon dioxide is the source of carbon atoms for the carbohydrates made in the Calvin cycle. thus establishing a proton and pH gradient. ANS: A photon of light. of the correct wavelength.05 33.Trial :: http://www.2 LOC: MP1.5 LOC: MP2. which is embedded in the inner mitochondrial membrane. In addition water will be needed for photolysis so if water is limiting photosynthesis cannot occur at its maximal rate. The hydrogen that is released from the NADH is pumped to the inter membrane space. REF: T OBJ: 3. As they do. strikes a molecule of chlorophyll a in photosystem II.05 35. b. ATP provides the chemical potential energy to make some of the chemical reactions of the Calvin cycle happen. the chlorophyll is responsible for the splitting of a water molecule which makes hydrogen ions and electrons available.3 LOC: MP1. c. then the rate of carbon fixation would be reduced and the plants would not increase in mass at the same rate. ANS: a. from the dissociation of water.06
PDF Created with deskPDF PDF Writer . thereby limiting the amount of carbon dioxide available for photosynthesis. water availability: If soil water levels are low then the stomata will tend to close. b. are pumped from the matrix to the intermembrane space adding to the proton and pH gradient. a source of chemical potential energy.docudesk.