The Official SAT Online Course

Help | Profile | My Organizer | My Bookmarks | Logout

页码,1/1

Answers and Explanations

Test Sections

Back to Score Report

Section 1

Essay
Online - Practice Test #3

Section 2

Section 3

Section 4

Section 5

Section 7

These sample essays were originally handwritten by students but are shown typed here for ease of reading. The essays are displayed exactly as students wrote them, without any corrections to spelling, punctuation, or syntax. One handwritten sample essay is provided to illustrate the need for legible and clear handwriting.

Section 8

Section 9

Exemplars:

Section 10

Essay Prompt

Think carefully about the issue presented in the following excerpt and the assignment below.

eg

is
Back to Score Report

te

Do people learn who they are only when they are forced into action? Plan and write an essay in which you develop your point of view on this issue. Support your position with reasoning and examples taken from your reading, studies, experience, or observations.

re

d

The people we call heroes do not usually start out as unusual. Often they are ordinary people subject to ordinary human weaknesses—fear, doubt, and self-interest. In fact, they live ordinary lives until they distinguish themselves by having to deal with an injustice or a difficult situation. Only then, when they must respond in thought and in action to an extraordinary challenge, do people begin to know their strengths and weaknesses.

Copyright © 2006 The College Board. All rights reserved.

Privacy Policy

Terms of Use

Contact Us

U

nR

file://E:\新建文件夹\c2.htm

2006-11-12

The Official SAT Online Course

页码,1/22

Help | Profile | My Organizer | My Bookmarks | Logout

Answers and Explanations

Test Sections

Back to Score Report

Section 1

View Answers and Explanations
Online - Practice Test #3

Section 2

Section 3

Section 4

1

Section 5

Section 7

Responding to criticism that the script was rambling and -------, the new screenwriter revised the dialogue for greater succinctness and -------.
(A)

Section 8

engaging. . simplicity

Section 9

(B)

subjective. . ambiguity

Section 10

(C) muddled. . clarity

(D) terse. . emptiness

(E)

difficult. . abstraction

U

nR

Explanation for Incorrect Answer A : Choice (A) is incorrect. "Engaging" means interesting. "Simplicity" means uncomplicated. If one were to insert these terms into the text, the sentence would read "Responding to criticism that the script was rambling and engaging, the new screenwriter revised the dialogue for greater succinctness and simplicity." The missing terms describe a second negative quality of the script and a corresponding positive quality of the revised version. A screenplay would not be criticized for being engaging.

Explanation for Incorrect Answer B : Choice (B) is incorrect. "Subjective" means dependent on personal taste or views. "Ambiguity" means uncertainty. If one were to insert these terms into the text, the sentence would read "Responding to criticism that the script was rambling and subjective, the new screenwriter revised the dialogue for greater succinctness and ambiguity." The missing terms describe a second negative quality of the script and a corresponding positive quality of the revised version. If a screenplay were criticized for being subjective, the screenwriter would probably revise it to make it less ambiguious.

Explanation for Incorrect Answer D : Choice (D) is incorrect. "Terse" means brief or succinct. "Emptiness" means, in this context, meaninglessness. If one were to insert these terms into the text, the sentence would read "Responding to criticism that the script was rambling and terse, the new screenwriter revised the dialogue for greater succinctness and emptiness." The missing terms describe a second negative quality of the script and a corresponding positive quality of the revised version. A screenplay cannot be both rambling and terse, and one would not revise it to give it greater emptiness.

Explanation for Incorrect Answer E : Choice (E) is incorrect. "Difficult" means hard. "Abstraction" means theoretical. If one were to insert these terms into the text, the sentence would read "Responding to criticism that the script was rambling and difficult, the new screenwriter revised the dialogue for greater succinctness and abstraction." The missing terms describe a second negative quality of the script and a corresponding positive quality of the revised version. If a screenplay is difficult, then adding more abstraction would only make it more difficult.

eg i

st e

Explanation for Correct Answer C : Choice (C) is correct. "Muddled" means confused or aimless. "Clarity" means clearness. If one were to insert these terms into the text, the sentence would read "Responding to criticism that the script was rambling and muddled, the new screenwriter revised the dialogue for greater succinctness and clarity." The missing terms describe a second negative quality of the script and a corresponding positive quality of the revised version. A muddled script would need to be revised for clarity.

re

d
2006-11-12

ANSWERS

AND EXPLANATIONS

file://E:\新建文件夹\c3.htm

The Official SAT Online Course

页码,2/22

2

During the 1990’s, Shanghai benefited from an architectural -------, the result of a dramatic increase in innovative and artistic building.
(A)

intransigence

(B)

plentitude

(C) desecration

(D) stagnation

(E)

renaissance

ANSWERS

AND EXPLANATIONS

Explanation for Correct Answer E : Choice (E) is correct. "Renaissance" means a rebirth or revival. If one were to insert this term into the text, the sentence would read "During the 1990’s, Shanghai benefited from an architectural renaissance, the result of a dramatic increase in innovative and artistic building." An "architectural renaissance" describes a period of renewed excitement in the field of architecture, and properly describes the result of a dramatic increase in new artistic construction.

U

Explanation for Incorrect Answer C : Choice (C) is incorrect. A "desecration" means an outrageous mistreatment of something—the vandalizing of a sacred building, for instance. If one were to insert this term into the text, the sentence would read "During the 1990’s, Shanghai benefited from an architectural desecration, the result of a dramatic increase in innovative and artistic building." Desecration would not benefit a city.

3

nR
(A)

Explanation for Incorrect Answer D : Choice (D) is incorrect. "Stagnation" means a lack of movement or development. If one were to insert this term into the text, the sentence would read "During the 1990’s, Shanghai benefited from an architectural stagnation, the result of a dramatic increase in innovative and artistic building." Stagnation is the exact opposite of a dramatic increase in innovation.

Many subatomic nuclear particles are ------- and nearly -------: they are hard to track as well as to detect.

unstable . . explosive

(B)

elusive . . imperceptible

(C) minute . . immobile

(D) charged . . reactive

(E)

tenuous . . indivisible

ANSWERS

Explanation for Correct Answer B : Choice (B) is correct. "Elusive" means hard to find. "Imperceptible" means difficult

eg

Explanation for Incorrect Answer B : Choice (B) is incorrect. A "plenitude" means an abundance. If one were to insert this term into the text, the sentence would read "During the 1990’s, Shanghai benefited from an architectural plenitude, the result of a dramatic increase in innovative and artistic building." An abundance of architecture would be the result of an increase in construction. But this would not account for the "innovative and artistic" quality of the architecture.

AND EXPLANATIONS

is te r

Explanation for Incorrect Answer A : Choice (A) is incorrect. "Intransigence" means being uncompromising or stubborn. If one were to insert this term into the text, the sentence would read "During the 1990’s, Shanghai benefited from an architectural intransigence, the result of a dramatic increase in innovative and artistic building." It is unlikely that "intransigence" would be the result of an increase in architectural innovation; innovation is in some ways the opposite of stubbornness.

ed

file://E:\新建文件夹\c3.htm

2006-11-12

" The missing term characterizes a brother who is innocent. The first missing term indicates that the particles are hard to track: this does not define charged. Explanation for Incorrect Answer B : eg i AND EXPLANATIONS st Explanation for Incorrect Answer D : Choice (D) is incorrect. the sentence would read "The crafty child tricked his innocent brother. "Indivisible" means not capable of being broken down into smaller parts. If one were to insert these terms into the text. Anything that does not move should be easy. and able to be tricked.and trusting boy. the sentence would read "Many subatomic nuclear particles are charged and nearly reactive: they are hard to track as well as to detect." The statement following the colon explains or expands on the statement preceding it." Explanation for Incorrect Answer C : Choice (C) is incorrect. the sentence would read "Many subatomic nuclear particles are elusive and nearly imperceptible: they are hard to track as well as to detect. If one were to insert these terms into the text. "Tenuous" means flimsy. trusting. the sentence would read "Many subatomic nuclear particles are unstable and nearly explosive: they are hard to track as well as to detect. "Guileless" means innocent and naive. to detect. into committing a mischievous prank. er e d file://E:\新建文件夹\c3. "Minute" means extremely small. "Unstable" means likely to change suddenly. not difficult.htm 2006-11-12 . a particularly guileless and trusting boy." The statement following the colon explains or expands on the statement preceding it." The crafty child tricked his innocent brother. "Immobile" means not moving. The first missing term indicates that the particles are hard to track: this does not define "unstable. The first missing term indicates that the particles are hard to track: this does not define "tenuous. a particularly ------. U 4 nR (A) Explanation for Incorrect Answer E : Choice (E) is incorrect. If one were to insert these terms into the text. If one were to insert these terms into the text. The second missing term indicates that they are hard to detect: this does not define immobile. The first missing term indicates that the particles are hard to track: this perfectly defines "elusive." The statement following the colon explains or expands on the statement preceding it. If one were to insert these terms into the text." The second missing term indicates that they are hard to detect: this perfectly defines "imperceptible. the sentence would read "Many subatomic nuclear particles are minute and nearly immobile: they are hard to track as well as to detect. "Explosive" means likely to blow up. into committing a mischievous prank. "Reactive" means readily responsive to a stimulus. The second missing term indicates that they are hard to detect: this does not define reactive. "Charged" means full of energy.The Official SAT Online Course 页码,3/22 to perceive or detect. "Guileless" suggests such a person. If one were to insert this term into the text." Explanation for Incorrect Answer A : Choice (A) is incorrect." The statement following the colon explains or expands on the statement preceding it." The second missing term indicates that they are hard to detect: this does not define "indivisible. the sentence would read "Many subatomic nuclear particles are tenuous and nearly indivisible: they are hard to track as well as to detect. The first missing term indicates that the particles are hard to track: this does not precisely define minute." The statement following the colon explains or expands on the statement preceding it. guileless (B) intrusive (C) astute (D) opportunistic (E) circumspect ANSWERS Explanation for Correct Answer A : Choice (A) is correct.

re d file://E:\新建文件夹\c3. the sentence would read "The crafty child tricked his innocent brother. and able to be tricked. If one were to insert this term into the text. If one were to insert this term into the text. If one were to insert this term into the text. "Astute" means knowledgeable and wise. Explanation for Incorrect Answer C : Choice (C) is incorrect. and able to be tricked. If one were to insert this term into the text.The Official SAT Online Course 页码,4/22 Choice (B) is incorrect. Deft and adroit are synonymous. It would be hard to trick a circumspect person. A compromise in this context has nothing to do with an adroit action. "Deftness" means skill or dexterity. into committing a mischievous prank. "Intrusive" means invasive or nosy. trusting. the sentence would read "Ellen Ochoa's machinations with the eg AND EXPLANATIONS (D) synergy is te Ellen Ochoa’s ------." The missing term must have a meaning close to that of "adroit. A brother who is intrusive may or may not be such a person. the sentence would read "Ellen Ochoa's humility with the apparatus in the space shuttle Discovery was apparent when she adroitly manipulated the shuttle's robot arm." The missing term characterizes a brother who is innocent." which means skillful or dexterous. into committing a mischievous prank. An astute person would not likely be tricked.with the apparatus in the space shuttle Discovery was apparent when she adroitly manipulated the shuttle’s robot arm." The missing term characterizes a brother who is innocent. into committing a mischievous prank." The missing term must have a meaning close to that of "adroit. the sentence would read "The crafty child tricked his innocent brother. a particularly astute and trusting boy." The missing term must have a meaning close to that of "adroit. into committing a mischievous prank." which means skillful or dexterous." The missing term characterizes a brother who is innocent. If one were to insert this term into the text. Explanation for Incorrect Answer C : Choice (C) is incorrect.htm 2006-11-12 . the sentence would read "Ellen Ochoa's compromise with the apparatus in the space shuttle Discovery was apparent when she adroitly manipulated the shuttle's robot arm. If one were to insert this term into the text. "Humility" is a modest attitude. If one were to insert this term into the text. "Compromise" is a settlement of mutual concessions. trusting." The missing term characterizes a brother who is innocent. "Opportunistic" means taking advantage of opportunities when they arise. Someone who is opportunistic may or may not be such a person. Explanation for Incorrect Answer E : Choice (E) is incorrect. "Machinations" are crafty schemes." which means skillful or dexterous. Explanation for Incorrect Answer A : Choice (A) is incorrect. the sentence would read "Ellen Ochoa's deftness with the apparatus in the space shuttle Discovery was apparent when she adroitly manipulated the shuttle's robot arm. trusting. Humility has nothing to do with performing an adroit action. the sentence would read "The crafty child tricked his innocent brother. a particularly intrusive and trusting boy. trusting. If one were to insert this term into the text. Explanation for Incorrect Answer D : Choice (D) is incorrect. a particularly circumspect and trusting boy. Explanation for Incorrect Answer B : Choice (B) is incorrect. the sentence would read "The crafty child tricked his innocent brother. and able to be tricked. a particularly opportunistic and trusting boy. "Circumspect" means possessing caution or prudence. and able to be tricked. 5 (A) compromise (B) humility (C) machinations (E) deftness U nR ANSWERS Explanation for Correct Answer E : Choice (E) is correct.

While clarity and succinctness are certainly worthy goals.The Official SAT Online Course apparatus in the space shuttle Discovery was apparent when she adroitly manipulated the shuttle's robot arm." which means skillful or dexterous." The missing term must have a meaning close to that of "adroit. apparently with the mathematical precision of astronomers. the sentence would read "Ellen Ochoa's synergy with the apparatus in the space shuttle Discovery was apparent when she adroitly manipulated the shuttle's robot arm. apathy. the order of readers’ natural preferences. Synergy has nothing to do with an adroit action." The missing term must have a meaning close to that of "adroit. inattention. such prose could penetrate the opaque barrier of millions of readers’ indifference. If one were to insert this term into the text. When designed rigorously. Experts had stubbornly and rigorously analyzed Line readers’ modest capacity to dedicate their attention to the 5 printed page and had established once and for all. and obtuseness. I found out that perennial and fundamental laws governing the art of good writing had been discovered.htm 2006-11-12 . They found that effective prose was composed of a limited number of very simple and common words grouped in short. U Passage 2 Beginning writers are often taught that effective prose is crisp and concise and that most readers have 15 no patience with densely complex sentences and obscure vocabulary. "Synergy" describes an action or operation that is greater than the sum of its parts. Machinations have nothing to do with an adroit action. I sometimes worry that our assumption that the reading public can comprehend only such writing might be selling nR eg is te re d file://E:\新建文件夹\c3. 页码,5/22 Explanation for Incorrect Answer D : Choice (D) is incorrect." which means skillful or dexterous. crisp 10 sentences. Passage 1 When I entered journalism school in the 1920’s.

simple sentences designed to be understood by a large audience. lines 8-10 (“They found . readers will never appreciate 25 writing as an art rather than as a mechanical craft. . Both passages acknowledge the common belief that short sentences are easier to understand than long ones. sentences”) ? “Beginning writers . 6 Both passages address which of the following topics? (A) Why people choose writing as a career (B) The kind of writing that readers can understand (C) How readers convey their preferences to writers (D) The difference between beginning writers and experts (E) Why long sentences are easier to read than short ones Explanation for Correct Answer B : Choice (B) is correct. . It’s our responsibility as writers to offer the public something beyond workmanlike writing: if we don’t. prose” (lines 21-22) (E) “It’s our . turns that theory into a self-fulfilling prophecy.htm 2006-11-12 . . . . U 7 nR (A) Explanation for Incorrect Answer A : Choice (A) is incorrect.The Official SAT Online Course 页码,6/22 20 them short. . Each passage specifically addresses readers' abilities to understand writing. Passage 2 challenges the idea that readers can only handle short. simple sentences. . . Passage 1 addresses journalistic practices of writing short. Explanation for Incorrect Answer D : Choice (D) is incorrect. . . Explanation for Incorrect Answer E : Choice (E) is incorrect. neither passage says anything about how writers know what readers prefer or that readers convey. concise” (lines 14-15) (B) “most readers . goals” (line 17) (D) “they have . Neither passage discusses different levels of writing experience. . Although admitting readers may prefer a certain style of writing. writing” (lines 23-24) ANSWERS eg is te r AND EXPLANATIONS ANSWERS AND EXPLANATIONS ed file://E:\新建文件夹\c3. Although both passages are about people who write. Explanation for Incorrect Answer C : Choice (C) is incorrect. Assuming that readers are merely able to digest simple words. neither addresses why people choose to write as a career. or communicate. and that they have no interest in puzzling through more challenging prose. vocabulary” (lines 15-16) (C) “clarity and . their preferences to writers. Which statement in Passage 2 most directly contradicts the assertion in Passage 1. .

rather than showing appreciation." Explanation for Incorrect Answer D : Choice (D) is incorrect. would be inconsistent with the reasonable and concerned tone of Passage 2. the author is concerned about the negative view of readers that is affecting the way young writers compose their work." Passage 2 contradicts the assertion in Passage 1 that "effective prose" must be very simple. Explanation for Incorrect Answer B : Choice (B) is incorrect. 8 The author of Passage 2 would most likely respond to the view of readers expressed in the last sentence of Passage 1 (lines 11-13) with (B) perplexity (C) disdain (D) humor (E) appreciation U nR eg ANSWERS AND EXPLANATIONS Explanation for Correct Answer A : Choice (A) is correct. Both passages agree that. the author of Passage 2 would likely show concern. The author of Passage 2 argues that readers would like challenging writing if only it were given to them.The Official SAT Online Course 页码,7/22 Explanation for Correct Answer E : Choice (E) is correct. as Passage 2 concedes.htm ed ." or conciseness. that effective prose is simple and straightforward. Explanation for Incorrect Answer D : Choice (D) is incorrect. "clarity and succinctness. By stating that it is writers' responsibility to offer "challenging prose. Explanation for Incorrect Answer C : Choice (C) is incorrect. The statement in Passage 2 that most readers "have no patience" with complex writing supports Passage 1's description of effective prose. Passage 2 does not use humor in framing an argument that challenges the commonly held negative view of readers. Explanation for Incorrect Answer A : Choice (A) is incorrect. Disdain. are "worthy goals. Explanation for Incorrect Answer C : Choice (C) is incorrect. The statement in Passage 2 that people have "no interest" in "challenging prose" supports the argument for simple prose presented in Passage 1. or unease. or scorn. by the views expressed at the end of Passage 1. The author of Passage 2 would likely disagree with the opinions in Passage 1. Passage 1 uses this same argument. Explanation for Incorrect Answer B : Choice (B) is incorrect. with Passage 1's scornful description of readers. or confused. but would simply disagree with them. The author states that "I sometimes worry" that a negative view of readers is being taught to young writers. Both statements say the same thing. rather. Explanation for Incorrect Answer E : Choice (E) is incorrect. is te r 2006-11-12 (A) concern file://E:\新建文件夹\c3. in fact. Consequently. The author of Passage 2 would not likely be perplexed.

The question that comes first to my mind is this: What would it mean to say that an animal has the right to the pursuit of happiness? How would that come about. and in Line relationship to whom? In speaking of “animal happiness. which is the opposite of being earnest. feelings about the practice of writing and the capabilities of readers. kitty by the fire. The tone of Passage 1 is sarcastic and cutting when it describes the certainty of "experts" on the essence of good writing. and Passage 2 is more earnest and inspirational. Passage 1 mocks the "experts" and also its own subject (writing) by using long sentences and uncommon words to explain that good writing should do the opposite. Passage 2. The language is especially sarcastic when the author portrays the "experts'" treatment of writing as a science that has "perennial and fundamental laws" that can be calculated "apparently with the mathematical precision of astronomers. not sarcastic. or untroubled. Passage 2 speaks of the responsibility of writers to raise the reading level of their audience. eg Explanation for Incorrect Answer C : Choice (C) is incorrect. file://E:\新建文件夹\c3. the tone of Passage 1 is more (A) 页码,8/22 9 earnest (B) inspirational (C) complacent (D) defensive (E) sarcastic ANSWERS AND EXPLANATIONS Explanation for Correct Answer E : Choice (E) is correct. the horse with his nose deep in the oats. or sincere. Passage 1 presents negative opinions about readers. does attempt to inspire young writers to believe that readers are better than they think and that they can read more complex prose. written by a poet. U The following passage is from a 1994 collection of essays about animals. or heartfelt. Passage 1 is mocking in tone. philosopher. Passage 1 is sarcastic. or easy-going. The tone of ridicule in Passage 1 is far from complacent. Neither passage is defensive in tone. and animal trainer. on the other hand. which could hardly be called inspirational. Passage 2 clearly expresses earnest.The Official SAT Online Course In comparison to Passage 2.” we 5 often tend to mean something like “creature comforts. er ed Explanation for Incorrect Answer A : Choice (A) is incorrect. while Passage 2 makes a reasoned argument.htm 2006-11-12 . Creature nR Explanation for Incorrect Answer D : Choice (D) is incorrect. is t Explanation for Incorrect Answer B : Choice (B) is incorrect.” The emblems of this are the golden retriever rolling in the grass. or cutting." The tone of Passage 2 is concerned. Neither of the passages are complacent.

something trainers call talent. Tranquility of Mind. This happiness.” and thus what I U nR eg is te * comforts are important to animals: “Grub first. and they cannot make their spontaneous passions into sustained happiness without 30 education. something more to my Annie. like the artist’s.htm 2006-11-12 . must come from something within the animal. Aristotle identified happiness with ethics and with work. any more than Mozart could have. who defined happiness as “Indolence of Body. of Mozart.The Official SAT Online Course 页码,9/22 accomplished dressage horse). and I have a bull terrier named Annie whose continual quest for the perfect pillow inspires her to awesome feats. There are animal versions. a capacity for satisfactions that come from work in the full sense— 15 something approximately like what leads some people to insist that they need a career (though my own temperament is such that I think of a good woodcarver or a dancer or a poet sooner than I think of a business executive when I contemplate the kind of happiness enjoyed by 20 an re d file://E:\新建文件夹\c3. if not equivalents. and so cannot be imposed on the animal. then ethics” is a motto that would describe many a wise 10 Labrador retriever. But there is something more to animals. if it had not been a fairly ordinary 25 thing in one part of the world at one point to teach young children to play the harpsichord. unlike Thomas Jefferson. But at the same time it does not arise in a vacuum. it is doubtful that Mozart’s music would exist.

notions of happiness or contentment." or hard to believe. or bring to mind. Although the examples in lines 7-8 do show animals engaged in a variety of activities. d file://E:\新建文件夹\c3. his central insights are more helpful than anything else I know in beginning to understand why some horses and dogs can only be described as competent.” as of the pleasure that comes from solving a puzzle or surmounting something. Explanation for Incorrect Answer A : Choice (A) is incorrect. Aristotle also excluded as unethical anything that animals and artists do. the horse with his nose deep in the oats. the “click. The author presents examples in lines 7-8 in order to 10 (B) suggest that appearances of happiness are deceptive (C) evoke images of contentment U nR (E) (D) support an apparently implausible argument arouse nostalgic longings ANSWERS Explanation for Correct Answer C : Choice (C) is correct. it does not suggest that the examples presented in lines 78 are deceptive. 45 is a governing principle. Explanation for Incorrect Answer E : eg (A) illustrate the variety of activities in which animals engage AND EXPLANATIONS is t er e call creature comforts. 40 and therefore happy. The examples given in the lines "the golden retriever rolling the grass. this is not their primary purpose.htm 2006-11-12 . Their primary purpose is to offer examples of animal activities that humans believe indicate that animals are content. but rather happy because leading lives in which the sensation of getting it right. Not happy because leading lives of pleasure." images that evoke. or misleading. The passage does not suggest that anyone would be likely to find its arguments "implausible. Explanation for Incorrect Answer B : Choice (B) is incorrect. good at what they do. and kitty by the fire" are all presented as examples of "creature comforts. Nonetheless. Although the passage argues that animal happiness differs from human happiness. for reasons that look wholly benighted to me. Explanation for Incorrect Answer D : Choice (D) is incorrect.The Official SAT Online Course 页码,10/22 35 * Dressage is a complex series of movements signaled to a horse by its rider.

"Grub first. The motto simply suggests that animals are concerned with their physical needs before all others. (E) The author considers subjectivity and self-knowledge to be critical to human gratification. Although animals may desire a consistent routine. Furthermore. The passage does not address the topic of animals' relationships with people. then ethics. "Grub first. there is no suggestion that such an animal would be any wiser than would be expected. Although ensuring that one has enough food could be called a "survival skill." the use of the motto. Which of the following statements is most consistent with the author’s discussion of “temperament” in lines 17-21? The author believes a poet can be successful in business. The author does not mention nostalgic longings. Although the passage says that the motto." eg i Explanation for Incorrect Answer B : Choice (B) is incorrect. "Grub first. ed file://E:\新建文件夹\c3. this means that they tend to be concerned about physical needs first. "Temperament" means disposition or character. (B) The author considers artistic pursuits to be the most personally fulfilling of all endeavors. even though the activities described could certainly evoke those feelings in readers. This suggests that the author believes artistic careers to be the most "personally fulfilling of all endeavors. 11 The motto in line 9 indicates that animals (A) are much more intelligent than many people believe (B) have been forced to develop keen survival skills (C) desire consistency in their daily lives (D) enjoy close relationships with human beings (E) are concerned primarily with immediate physical gratification ANSWERS AND EXPLANATIONS Explanation for Correct Answer E : Choice (E) is correct.htm 2006-11-12 . the motto is about food. then ethics. The author feels that the careers "of a good woodcarver or a dancer or a poet" are more consistent with his own temperament than a career in business. not consistency. U 12 nR (A) Explanation for Incorrect Answer D : Choice (D) is incorrect. the passage never discusses survival skills. then ethics. ANSWERS Explanation for Correct Answer B : Choice (B) is correct. (C) The author suspects that a busy life can have its own rewards. AND EXPLANATIONS st er Explanation for Incorrect Answer A : Choice (A) is incorrect. the motto.The Official SAT Online Course 页码,11/22 Choice (E) is incorrect." in this passage does not suggest that these skills have been forced on animals. For animals. Explanation for Incorrect Answer C : Choice (C) is incorrect." "would describe many a wise Labrador retriever" (lines 10-11)." means that it is important to satisfy physical needs before one addresses ethical or moral dilemmas. (D) The author believes that few people are ever satisfied with the jobs they have chosen. In the context of the passage.

but on his having been given a musical education. the passage suggests that work can be an extremely rewarding pursuit. In lines 17-21. Although the author may hold the view that "few people are ever satisfied with the jobs they have chosen. namely musical education. the issue of whether or not a poet could have a successful business career is not addressed.The Official SAT Online Course 页码,12/22 Explanation for Incorrect Answer A : Choice (A) is incorrect. Explanation for Incorrect Answer E : Choice (E) is incorrect. The author probably believes this to be true. in this section the emphasis is on the role of musical education in the development of Mozart's talent. the author seems concerned with the satisfaction that can be gained through work that is personally fulfilling (such as the work done by a "good woodcarver or a dancer or a poet"). Although teaching young children to play the harpsichord might be described as pushing them to excel. the author does not discuss the issue of whether or not "a busy life can have its own rewards. Although the author discusses the pleasure that artists derive from achievement earlier in the passage. The passage also suggests that without this musical education Mozart's natural talent may not have found expression. On the contrary. The statement points out that a social circumstance. Explanation for Incorrect Answer C : Choice (C) is incorrect. Explanation for Incorrect Answer C : Choice (C) is incorrect. 13 The author’s discussion of Mozart in lines 25-28 primarily emphasizes the (A) role of social circumstances in the emergence of a musical genius (B) fact that young children are sometimes pushed to excel (D) belief that the harpsichord was the ideal musical instrument for Mozart’s early talent Explanation for Correct Answer A : Choice (A) is correct. Although the author does mention a poet as one of the examples in lines 17-21. Explanation for Incorrect Answer D : Choice (D) is incorrect. Explanation for Incorrect Answer E : Choice (E) is incorrect. the primary focus of the discussion in lines 25-28 is on the role of musical education in the development of musical genius." this view is not addressed in the passage.htm 2006-11-12 . Even though the harpsichord may have been the ideal musical instrument for Mozart’s early talent. enabled Mozart's genius to find expression. the emphasis in the passage is not on which instrument he played. “passions” most nearly means love affairs (B) violent outbursts eg is ANSWERS AND EXPLANATIONS te (E) pleasure that artists derive from achievement re (C) observation that genius was more common in the past than it is today d file://E:\新建文件夹\c3. U 14 nR (A) Explanation for Incorrect Answer B : Choice (B) is incorrect. but it is not relevant to the author's discussion of temperament in lines 17-21. Explanation for Incorrect Answer D : Choice (D) is incorrect. The author makes no comment about the relative incidence." Instead. or numbers of occurrences. In line 30. of genius in the past or in the present.

Although escaping from a zoo might be pleasurable as well as challenging for a monkey." The author uses the word "passions" in the sense of impulses. it refers to positive impulses." Explanation for Incorrect Answer A : Choice (A) is incorrect. it is not the kind of "work in the full sense" (line 15) that would give the animal pleasure for a job well done. Explanation for Incorrect Answer D : Choice (D) is incorrect. "there is something more" to animals' happiness than mere comfort. rather. not one that is working or performing a challenging task. te re Explanation for Incorrect Answer D : Choice (D) is incorrect. such as Mozart's feeling for music. "A horse being carefully groomed for a show" is a creature receiving attention." A dog herding sheep into a pen is performing the kind of work that the author describes as satisfying to animals. that could be cultivated into happiness through education. or enthusiasms that require training and education if they are to lead to "happiness. it would be strange to say that animals "cannot make" their violent outbursts "into sustained happiness without education." file://E:\新建文件夹\c3. The passage states. Consequently. In this context. "Passions" does not refer to prejudices or strong opinions in this context. of Mozart. "passions" refer to a talent. the author describes "animal versions. but to strong impulses. if not equivalents. the "satisfactions that come from work. eg AND EXPLANATIONS is Explanation for Incorrect Answer E : Choice (E) is incorrect." arguing that "they cannot make their spontaneous passions into sustained happiness without education. Explanation for Incorrect Answer C : Choice (C) is incorrect. namely. any more than Mozart could have. or enthusiasm. In the passage. 15 Which situation most accurately illustrates the author’s definition of a happy animal? U nR (B) (A) A bird finding its one lifetime mate A dog herding sheep into a pen (C) A horse being carefully groomed for a show (D) A monkey escaping from a city zoo (E) A cat caring devotedly for her kittens ANSWERS Explanation for Correct Answer B : Choice (B) is correct. talents. d Explanation for Incorrect Answer B : Choice (B) is incorrect. the kind of happiness the author is discussing involves work. such as talents. that have the possibility of being shaped into masterpieces like Mozart's music.htm 2006-11-12 . or enthusiasms. The context does not mention suffering nor does the passage have anything to do with suffering. Although finding a mate could be thought of as contributing to happiness.The Official SAT Online Course 页码,13/22 (C) enthusiasms (D) prejudices (E) sufferings ANSWERS AND EXPLANATIONS Explanation for Correct Answer C : Choice (C) is correct. "Passions" does not refer to love or ardent affections in this context. Explanation for Incorrect Answer A : Choice (A) is incorrect.

and that our failure to find Line it simply results from a lack of exploration. closely matches the 15 makeup of Martian matter that was analyzed on site in 1976 by miniature chemistry laboratories aboard two Viking Mars landers.htm 2006-11-12 . I had long believed that the universe teems with life elsewhere. as the much scrutinized rock is designated. How could she know such a thing? The composition of ALH 84001. or a crater east of the Hesperia Planitia region. U nR eg is te re d file://E:\新建文件夹\c3. and had lain waiting for millennia upon an Antarctic ice field. blasted from world to world by a planetary collision of the sort that purportedly killed off our dinosaurs. 页码,14/22 This passage was written in 1996 after the discovery of a meteorite that appeared to contain fossil evidence of microscopic life on Mars. but it is not work or a career in the sense discussed in the passage. until an 10 observant young woman traveling in an expedition party picked it up. The rock that sprang to Martian “life” late last summer did not shock me by offering up apparent fossils of an extinct alien form of life.The Official SAT Online Course Explanation for Incorrect Answer E : Choice (E) is incorrect. As a result of this positive identification. What did 5 amaze me about the potato-size rock that fell from Mars was that it had traveled millions of miles across space to land here. because she figured that it had come from another world. Caring for kittens is an action of devotion. no astronomer seriously doubts the meteorite’ s Martian origin. fourteen degrees south of the Martian equator. Researchers think they have pinpointed 20 its former resting place to just two possible sites—a region called Sinus Sabaeus.

I cannot resist comparing this new intimacy with our solar system to the shoebox diorama of the planets I designed for my grade-school science fair. not one of these large planets—some of which are many times the mass of Jupiter—has re d file://E:\新建文件夹\c3. Neptune. astronomers at ground-based observatories in Europe and the United States have announced that they’ve found evidence of at least seven alien planets orbiting other stars. and Ping-Pong balls. once considered unique. now stands as merely the first known example of a planetary system in our galaxy. too. she’d need handfuls of jelly beans and gum balls to model the newly discovered satellites of the giant planets. jack balls.The Official SAT Online Course 页码,15/22 25 30 40 U 45 nR eg is te 35 The bold precision of this assessment is for me the most stunning surprise dealt by the rock from Mars— even more mind-boggling than the suggestive traces of something that might once have lived and died in its microscopic fissures. Similarly. Jupiter dwarfed the other planets (I should have used a basketball but it wouldn’t fit in the box). not to mention a moon for Pluto. If my school-age daughter were to attempt such a construction today. This crude assortment of materials allowed a reasonable representation of what was known 40 years ago about the nine planets: Mars was red and had two moons. all hanging on strings and painted different colors. Since October of 1995.htm 2006-11-12 . our solar system. She’d want rings around Jupiter. all inside a box representing our solar system. I used marbles. Saturn had rings. As yet. Uranus.

The author is clearly amazed at the "seemingly unlikely sequence of events" that led to the rock's discovery. where rivers flowed. is thought crucial to biological life. Yet.htm 2006-11-12 . for the presence of liquid water. thus. the primitive life-forms that pressed their 65 memory inside it likewise suggest an era when dry-as-dust Mars was a wet world. Further. "[w]hat did amaze me about the potatosize rock that fell from Mars was that it had traveled millions of miles to land here" (lines 5-7). 16 nR eg (A) In lines 5-12.” as the storybook Goldilocks would say. enough information has been deduced about their atmospheric conditions to grant the 55 nickname Goldilocks to a planet attending the star 70 Virginis. The author writes. only a short leap of faith is needed to carry hopeful scientists from the presence of water to the existence of extraterrestrial life. To raise the specter of the Mars rock once again. the author describes the rock's journey as one in which it was "blasted from world to world. the author suggests that the expeditionist’s discovery of the meteorite was surprising primarily because it defied scientists’ doubts that such an object could reach Earth (B) occurred after her party had given up any hope of success (C) resulted from a seemingly unlikely sequence of events (D) provided evidence to contradict a long-standing scientific theory (E) led to an unprecedented degree of scrutiny ANSWERS AND EXPLANATIONS Explanation for Correct Answer C : Choice (C) is correct. Liquid water. we know about them indirectly through the gravitational effects they exert on their parent stars.The Official SAT Online Course 页码,16/22 50 actually been U seen through a telescope. not known to exist anywhere in our solar system now except 60 on Earth. even though we have no picture of what they look like. is te re d file://E:\新建文件夹\c3. an appellation suggesting that the cloud-top temperature is “just right." and had "lain waiting for milennia upon an Antarctic ice field" (lines 7-10).

“designated” most nearly means (A) drawn (B) called (C) stipulated ANSWERS AND EXPLANATIONS U 18 nR (A) Explanation for Incorrect Answer A : Choice (A) is incorrect. There is no mention that the naming of the rock ALH 84001 was stipulated. Far from contradicting a "long-standing scientific theory. Explanation for Incorrect Answer D : Choice (D) is incorrect. "Stipulated" means required or demanded. The passage does not mention whether the scientists had "doubts that such an object could reach earth. The author considers the researchers’ conclusion “bold” (line 24) primarily because it daringly offers two conflicting answers to a single question (B) firmly supports a young geologist’s tentative theory (C) confidently uses a small piece of evidence to build an exact hypothesis (D) courageously defies a conventional interpretation of Antarctic evidence (E) defiantly espouses an unpopular theory about comets in our solar system ANSWERS eg AND EXPLANATIONS is Explanation for Correct Answer B : Choice (B) is correct." the "apparent fossils of an extinct alien form of life" (lines 2-3) in the rock tend to confirm the author's belief that life may exist on other planets." The author expresses her awe or wonder over the process by which the meteorite came to earth and was found. The passage does not mention the expedition party's expectations or attitudes prior to finding the rock. Explanation for Incorrect Answer D : Choice (D) is incorrect. "Selected" means chosen.The Official SAT Online Course 页码,17/22 Explanation for Incorrect Answer A : Choice (A) is incorrect. "Designated" means named. and its use in this context would imply that there were other rocks to choose from. te re (E) allocated d 2006-11-12 (D) selected file://E:\新建文件夹\c3. Explanation for Incorrect Answer C : Choice (C) is incorrect. rather. or means of depicting an object. Explanation for Incorrect Answer E : Choice (E) is incorrect. It is not surprising that such a rare find would be studied so closely. but this has little to do with the beliefs of scientists.htm . "Allocated" means gave or assigned. drawing. The term ALH 84001 is not a picture. 17 In line 15. or demanded. The passage makes it clear that ALH 84001 is the name given to the rock by scientists. Explanation for Incorrect Answer E : Choice (E) is incorrect. ALH 84001 is a name. The author makes the unique nature of this rock clear. it refers to the name given to the rock. required. Line 15 does not refer to any allocation or assignment. Explanation for Incorrect Answer B : Choice (B) is incorrect.

Explanation for Incorrect Answer C : Choice (C) is incorrect.htm 2006-11-12 . In line 33." Explanation for Incorrect Answer B : Choice (B) is incorrect. The author uses the phrase "this new intimacy" to refer to increasing knowledge about our solar system. 19 The author uses the phrase “this new intimacy” (line 28) to refer to the (A) hands-on quality of the learning experience repre-sented by the shoebox diorama (C) general acceptance of the theory that biological life once existed on Mars (D) increased knowledge that scientists have about our solar system (E) way that events on one planet affect those on another ANSWERS U 20 nR Explanation for Correct Answer D : Choice (D) is correct." Explanation for Incorrect Answer B : Choice (B) is incorrect.The Official SAT Online Course 页码,18/22 Explanation for Correct Answer C : Choice (C) is correct. Explanation for Incorrect Answer E : Choice (E) is incorrect. The author does not mention comets or theories about them. "intimacy" means close acquaintance. the phrase "this new intimacy" specifically refers to the solar system and does not allude to the possibility of life on Mars. “crude” most nearly means eg i AND EXPLANATIONS st e (B) understanding that nonspecialists now have about meteorological phenomena re d file://E:\新建文件夹\c3. In the context of the passage." or confident. not its Antarctic discovery site. The author views the scientists' ability to use minute details of chemical composition to match the rock found in Antarctica to rocks from particular regions studied on Mars as "bold. Explanation for Incorrect Answer A : Choice (A) is incorrect. the author explains that researchers "think they have pinpointed its [the rock's] former resting place to just two possible sites. Explanation for Incorrect Answer D : Choice (D) is incorrect. not their "learning experience. The author does not mention a "young geologist" in the passage. The context of the phrase "this new intimacy" refers to how much scientists have learned about our solar system. The author does not discuss whether events happening on one planet influence events on another. The author is referring to how much scientists have learned about the solar system in recent decades as compared to what was known 40 years ago (lines 33-35). In line 28. Explanation for Incorrect Answer A : Choice (A) is incorrect. Although the author does use herself and her daughter (both nonspecialists) as examples in this passage. Researchers were concerned with the rock's place of origin (lines 20-23). Explanation for Incorrect Answer E : Choice (E) is incorrect. rather. The passage does not offer conflicting answers to the question of the rock's origin. her use of the phrase "this new intimacy" refers to what astronomers (specialists) know about our solar system.

but because it had not yet been discovered. The author's daughter would need to include Pluto's moon if she were to build a diorama. Pluto's moon was absent from the author's diorama not because it was too small. file://E:\新建文件夹\c3. not natural ones. jack balls. Explanation for Incorrect Answer A : Choice (A) is incorrect. The passage does not suggest that the materials used in the diorama were either indecent or in poor taste. The author's diorama and its materials—"marbles. and PingPong balls") were manufactured items. ed Explanation for Incorrect Answer C : Choice (C) is incorrect. The author is comparing past and present knowledge about objects in space. The materials mentioned ("marbles.The Official SAT Online Course 页码,19/22 (A) natural and unaltered (B) rough and inexpert (C) obvious (D) vulgar (E) nonspecific ANSWERS AND EXPLANATIONS Explanation for Correct Answer B : Choice (B) is correct. the author refers to Pluto’s moon most likely in order to illustrate a feature of our solar system discovered since the author’s childhood (B) cite an object too small in scale to have been included in the author’s diorama (C) draw a parallel between it and our own moon (D) contrast the scientific curiosity of today’s children with that of children years ago (E) emphasize the need for a greater commitment to space exploration ANSWERS Explanation for Correct Answer A : Choice (A) is correct. AND EXPLANATIONS is t er Explanation for Incorrect Answer D : Choice (D) is incorrect. not the idea that they were easily perceived or understood. jack balls." or rough and inexpert. and Ping-Pong balls" (lines 30-31)—could well be described as "crude. not the objects themselves. "Vulgar" means indecent or in poor taste. On the contrary.htm 2006-11-12 . Explanation for Incorrect Answer B : Choice (B) is incorrect. especially since the author used everyday materials in an attempt to model the solar system. eg Explanation for Incorrect Answer E : Choice (E) is incorrect. the author's account suggests that the materials used in the diorama were chosen quite specifically to represent objects in the solar system. Explanation for Incorrect Answer C : Choice (C) is incorrect. "Crude" means rough or inexpert. "Obvious" means easily perceived or understood. because the moon's existence is now current knowledge. 21 U nR (A) In line 42. The author's description emphasizes the fact that the materials used in the diorama were rough and unsophisticated. The author refers to Pluto's moon in order to compare our current knowledge of our solar system with that of the past.

file://E:\新建文件夹\c3. The author is not comparing the children's curiosity. This is not an untested theory. "we know about them [the planets] indirectly through the gravitational effects they exert on their parent stars" (51-53). (C) The simple methods astronomers used to discover the features of this planet resemble the explorations of curious children. is te re d Explanation for Correct Answer B : Choice (B) is correct. Although the author mentions the discovery of a rock from Mars (lines 5-6). Thus the basis of knowledge about these planets is the theory of gravity. In other words. The author does not mention the number of observers involved. . the idea is not mentioned in the passage.The Official SAT Online Course 页码,20/22 Explanation for Incorrect Answer D : Choice (D) is incorrect. Explanation for Incorrect Answer E : Choice (E) is incorrect. "Extrapolate" means infer. the author is comparing the knowledge of today's children with that of children years ago. water”) in order to make which point about a particular planet? The planet’s environment may be conducive to a result some scientists are eager to find. . . or inference. no physical evidence has been collected to support the existence of the planets described in lines 49-53. Explanation for Incorrect Answer E : Choice (E) is incorrect.htm 2006-11-12 . (E) Only after much trial and error did astronomers determine the precise location of this planet. In lines 53-59 the author refers to the Goldilocks fairy tale (“Yet . Thus none of the planets mentioned in lines 49-53 have been directly observed. the passage describes planets that are known only by their gravitational effects. stars”) is best described as (A) inference based on an untested theory (B) extrapolation from similar situations (C) analysis of a single case by multiple observers (D) hypothesis confirmed by direct observation (E) comparison of theory with physical evidence ANSWERS AND EXPLANATIONS U 23 nR eg (A) Explanation for Incorrect Answer A : Choice (A) is incorrect. The passage states. Explanation for Incorrect Answer C : Choice (C) is incorrect. Although the author might well be in favor of continued space exploration. . The passage states that none of the planets have "actually been seen through a telescope" (lines 50-51). Explanation for Incorrect Answer D : Choice (D) is incorrect. (D) Scientists’ wishful speculations about the existence of this planet deserve little more credence than a fairy tale. from observations of known planets and the gravitational effects of their planet stars. it seems unlikely that the number of observers involved would alter any description of the reasoning process. Instead. 22 The reasoning process presented in lines 49-53 (“As . The author mentions that the basis for knowledge about these planets is the "gravitational effects" these planets "exert on their parent stars" (lines 52-53). This knowledge would have to be arrived at by extrapolation. (B) The planet’s atmosphere was once thought to be too cold to support biological life. Further.

is thought crucial to biological life. The planet was nicknamed "Goldilocks" because its temperature was "just right. (C) Mars had a wet environment at one time in the past. evidence that Mars was once wet would be seen as suggesting that life could have existed there. which is essential to life. Further. The possibility of liquid water. "not known to exist anywhere in our solar system now except on Earth. if true. The passage does not say whether rocks in Antarctica have eg 24 AND EXPLANATIONS is te Explanation for Incorrect Answer E : Choice (E) is incorrect." Scientists are eager to find a planet with liquid water because it could support life." or perfect. Explanation for Incorrect Answer B : Choice (B) is incorrect. there is no mention of the effects of a mild atmospheric temperature on the development of life on Mars. Explanation for Incorrect Answer A : Choice (A) is incorrect. Instead. Explanation for Incorrect Answer D : Choice (D) is incorrect. the author uses the fairy tale to make a point about what Goldilocks found (things that were "just right").htm 2006-11-12 . The passage does not say what scientists previously thought about the atmospheric temperature of the planet. the author describes scientists' means of discovering this and other planets: "we know about them indirectly through the gravitational effects they exert on their parent stars" (lines 51-53). Since water "is thought crucial to biological life" (line 61). Which of the following. Explanation for Incorrect Answer C : Choice (C) is incorrect. the author simply states that the planet was found by measuring the gravitational effects exerted on its parent star (lines 51-53). the author does not express any doubt that it exists. (E) The rock that fell from Mars had very few microscopic fissures. file://E:\新建文件夹\c3. re d Explanation for Incorrect Answer D : Choice (D) is incorrect. (D) The rock that fell from Mars resembled rocks found on the Antarctic ice field. In lines 53-59. Although the passage does mention the possibility that Mars may have experienced a "planetary collision of the sort that purportedly killed off our dinosaurs" (lines 8-9). A mild atmospheric temperature need not necessarily include water. the author does not mention the use of trial and error in her discussion of this planet's location. Although Goldilocks did find things that were "just right" through trial and error. the passage does not suggest that such a planetary collision would have any bearing on Mars's capacity to support life.The Official SAT Online Course 页码,21/22 ANSWERS AND EXPLANATIONS Explanation for Correct Answer A : Choice (A) is correct. Explanation for Incorrect Answer B : Choice (B) is incorrect. ANSWERS Explanation for Correct Answer C : Choice (C) is correct. Mars had a very mild atmospheric temperature millions of years ago. not to make a point about the methods that Goldilocks used. Furthermore. would the “hopeful scientists” (line 62) most likely interpret as evidence of the potential for life on Mars? (A) U nR (B) Mars was affected by the same planetary collision that caused the extinction of dinosaurs. for the presence of liquid water. Though the planet has not been observed visually.

which the author describes as "suggestive traces of something that might once have lived and died" (lines 26-27). or likeness. All rights reserved. are not. to rocks from Mars. Privacy Policy Terms of Use Contact Us U nR eg is te r file://E:\新建文件夹\c3. are mentioned as evidence suggestive of life.htm ed 2006-11-12 . Fissures. 页码,22/22 Explanation for Incorrect Answer E : Choice (E) is incorrect. Fossils in a rock. or that rocks in the Antarctic ice field bear any resemblance. Back to Score Report Copyright © 2006 The College Board. or cracks.The Official SAT Online Course any properties that would suggest the potential for life.

This would be enough for an average per-call charge of which is larger than the given per-call charges of either or .Practice Test #3 Section 2 Section 3 Section 4 1 Each month. This amount. This simplifies to nR eg cost of Explanation for Incorrect Answer A : is Choice (A) is not correct. which would cost would cost more than .htm 2006-11-12 . The first calls. which would cost would cost more than . The first calls. 2 file://E:\新建文件夹\c4. a telephone service charges a base rate of and an additional Section 5 per call for the first (A) (B) (C) (D) (E) calls and for every call after that. This amount. plus re would only account for the base d in additional charges for individual calls. This amount. Explanation for Incorrect Answer E : Choice (E) is not correct. would be enough for the base cost of plus in additional charges for calls. would be enough for the base cost of plus in additional charges for calls. This amount. te . Explanation for Incorrect Answer D : Choice (D) is not correct. This would be enough for an average per-call charge of which is larger than the given per-call charges of either or . How much Section 7 does the telephone service charge for a month in which calls are made? Section 8 Section 9 Section 10 ANSWERS AND EXPLANATIONS Explanation for Correct Answer C : calls will be Choice (C) is correct.The Official SAT Online Course 页码,1/12 Help | Profile | My Organizer | My Bookmarks | Logout Answers and Explanations Test Sections Back to Score Report Section 1 View Answers and Explanations Online . The bill for . would only account for the base cost of plus in additional charges for individual calls. Explanation for Incorrect Answer B : U Choice (B) is not correct.

the measure of the measure of If the file://E:\新建文件夹\c4. with In the figure above. Explanation for Incorrect Answer D : Choice (D) is not correct. profits increased by about Between April and May. Company monthly profits between which two consecutive months? (A) January and February (B) February and March (C) March and April (D) April and May (E) May and June Between February and March. Between January and February. Between May and June. profits increased an increase of nR about Explanation for Incorrect Answer A : Choice (A) is not correct. profits increased by about eg i but between March and April profits increased by about but between March and April profits increased by about st by The largest monthly increase occurred between March and April. Explanation for Incorrect Answer E : Choice (E) is not correct.The Official SAT Online Course 页码,2/12 experienced its largest increase in According to the chart above. Between January and February the profits did increase by U 3 Explanation for Incorrect Answer B : Choice (B) is not correct.htm 2006-11-12 . Between February and March profits decreased. profits decreased by about er e is Explanation for Correct Answer C : Choice (C) is correct. Between April and May profits decreased. profits increased by about d ANSWERS AND EXPLANATIONS Between March and April. profits decreased by about Between May and June.

This is the measure of not the measure of nR Explanation for Incorrect Answer E : Choice (E) is not correct. A right angle measures so Since is the measure of ed the measure of Explanation for Incorrect Answer B : Choice (B) is not correct. there below the third column because the sum of the numbers in that column is is a be? are all entered correctly into the grid. The measure of is less than the measure of which is less than so the measure of cannot be more than U 4 Each number to the Each square in the grid above is to be filled with either or right of the grid is the sum of the numbers in the row to its left.The Official SAT Online Course 页码,3/12 measure of is the measure of a right angle. This choice is but the eg is problem states that the measure of the measure of Explanation for Incorrect Answer D : Choice (D) is not correct. For example. This would be the measure of if its measure were the measure of a right angle. instead of the measure of Explanation for Incorrect Answer C : te r is Choice (C) is not correct. and each number below the grid is the sum of the numbers in the column above it. what is the measure of (A) (B) (C) (D) (E) ANSWERS AND EXPLANATIONS Explanation for Correct Answer A : Choice (A) is correct. what will row and When the (A) file://E:\新建文件夹\c4.htm 2006-11-12 .

5 nR II. This choice contradicts the given information that the third column is all zeroes. Since or or both. in order to have a sum of must have zeros except for the already in the first position in row column four boxes on row box to have a total sum of At this point. the in the column four needs a Row and on row reads (from left to right) In summary. (A) None (B) I only (C) II only (D) I and II only (E) I. which also has a sum of The first column. column would not have a sum of which of the following can be true? III. there are only two empty boxes. and III ANSWERS AND EXPLANATIONS either Explanation for Correct Answer E : Choice (E) is correct. Explanation for Incorrect Answer D : in the second column of row Choice (D) is not correct.The Official SAT Online Course 页码,4/12 (B) (C) (D) (E) ANSWERS AND EXPLANATIONS is Explanation for Correct Answer E : Choice (E) is correct. If then If then It is possible for either to equal or all be true. Explanation for Incorrect Answer C : Choice (C) is not correct. II. I. This choice contradicts the given information that the third column is all zeroes.htm 2006-11-12 . Row sum in the first column is only cannot also have a Explanation for Incorrect Answer B : Choice (B) is not correct. and III can file://E:\新建文件夹\c4. or for both and to equal Therefore. the second U If I. the sum for row is so the three empty boxes in that row can be filled in with The same is true for the three empty boxes in the second column. Without a eg is d in the first column and since the in the first column. Since the sum of row there cannot be any in row and it must be filled with On the other hand. II. row te re row Explanation for Incorrect Answer A : must have a Choice (A) is not correct.

It is possible that but it is also possible that and Explanation for Incorrect Answer C : Choice (C) is not correct.The Official SAT Online Course 页码,5/12 Explanation for Incorrect Answer A : Choice (A) is not correct. Explanation for Correct Answer B : Choice (B) is correct. Since either or or both. Every answer choice in this problem has leading coefficient so the only possible choice that could represent the graph shown is the equation Explanation for Incorrect Answer A : Choice (A) is not correct. must equal Explanation for Incorrect Answer B : Choice (B) is not correct. The graph shown intersects the This implies that the quadratic function has the form where is a constant. It is possible that but it is also possible that and Explanation for Incorrect Answer D : Choice (D) is not correct.htm 2006-11-12 . file://E:\新建文件夹\c4. The graph of this equation intersects the re -axis at two d points. It is possible that both and are equal to and so can be true. and because This equation cannot represent the graph shown. 6 eg is Which of the following could be the equation of the graph of function above? te shown U nR (A) (B) (C) (D) (E) ANSWERS AND EXPLANATIONS -axis at only one point.

The graph of this equation does not intersect the -axis at the point because not This equation cannot represent the graph shown. An answer of about is too large. Explanation for Incorrect Answer B : Choice (B) is not correct. and (B) (approximately (C) nR eg (D) (approximately (approximately (E) (approximately ANSWERS AND EXPLANATIONS U Explanation for Correct Answer A : Choice (A) is correct. Also. The graph of this equation does not intersect the -axis at the point because not This equation cannot represent the graph shown. Also. The graph of this equation does not intersect the -axis at the point because not This equation cannot represent the graph shown. Based on the properties of triangles. Explanation for Incorrect Answer E : Choice (E) is not correct.htm 2006-11-12 . since is the midpoint of and Since is isosceles and the measures of and are Thus. the length of must be less than the sum of the lengths of and Because both and have length the length of must be less than file://E:\新建文件夹\c4. must be a triangle. Explanation for Incorrect Answer D : Choice (D) is not correct.The Official SAT Online Course 页码,6/12 Explanation for Incorrect Answer C : Choice (C) is not correct. must be a The properties of such a special right angle triangle do not include sides with lengths and one that is an integer multiple of Explanation for Incorrect Answer C : Choice (C) is not correct. Since the three line segments and form a triangle. Since it is given that the measures of two of the three angles of triangle are triangle is equilateral. and Since is isosceles and the measures of and are Thus. 7 er e is the midpoint of In above. Since it is given that the measures of two of the three angles is t ) (A) (approximately ) ) ) ) d What is the length of of triangle are triangle is equilateral.

is of However. If the formula were correct. of However. it would work file://E:\新建文件夹\c4. using and in this formula gives not Explanation for Incorrect Answer C : Choice (C) is not correct. Since the three line segments and form a triangle. what percent of is (B) (C) (E) ANSWERS AND EXPLANATIONS Explanation for Correct Answer E : is te is re is of d divide (D) Choice (E) is correct. nR Explanation for Incorrect Answer A : U Choice (A) is not correct. If the formula were correct. it would work for any values of and Certainly. using and in this formula gives not Explanation for Incorrect Answer B : Choice (B) is not correct. it would work for any values of and Certainly. If the formula were correct. multiply by to get . To find what fraction by eg To put this in percent form. An answer of about is too large. An answer of about is too large. Since the three line segments and form a triangle. it would work for any values of and Certainly. using and in this formula gives not Explanation for Incorrect Answer D : Choice (D) is not correct. If the formula were correct. the length of must be less than the sum of the lengths of and Because both and have length the length of must be less than 8 If and (A) are positive numbers.The Official SAT Online Course 页码,7/12 Explanation for Incorrect Answer D : Choice (D) is not correct.htm 2006-11-12 . is of However. the length of must be less than the sum of the lengths of and Because both and have length the length of must be less than Explanation for Incorrect Answer E : Choice (E) is not correct.

The Official SAT Online Course 页码,8/12 for any values of and Certainly. file://E:\新建文件夹\c4. what is the value of Correct Response(s): 3 nR Explanation: eg . Let be the number of sticks needed. The sum of the measures of the angles must be and the question states that Since the triangle is isosceles. two of the angles must have the same measure. To get pounds. The problem can also be represented algebraically. using and in this formula gives not 9 How many -pound sticks of butter together weigh as much as pounds of butter? Your Response: Correct Response(s): 100 Explanation: The correct answer is Since the weight of each stick is pound. sticks together make a pound. The equation Your Response: is can be solved for The correct answer is U te re and using the following steps: 11 d is In isosceles triangle the measure of angle If another angle of the triangle measures where what is one possible value of Your Response: Correct Response(s): 20 or 50 Explanation: The correct answers are and . then therefore. or 10 If . requires sticks. and in the second case Either answer is correct. Either the angles are and or the angles are and This means that either or In the first case.htm 2006-11-12 . is of However.

. The shaded circle in Figure 2 represents all the The correct answer is students who use computers in school.htm d 2006-11-12 . eg is te re file://E:\新建文件夹\c4. If is directly proportional to then for some constant Using the value of when gives the equation Solving for gives that Then for or .The Official SAT Online Course 页码,9/12 12 If is directly proportional to and if when what is the value of when Your Response: Correct Response(s): 8/15. The answer can be entered into the grid either as a fraction or as a decimal.533 Explanation: The correct answer is or (a truncated form of the repeating decimal). If the same total number of twelfth graders represented by the shaded circle in Figure 2? Your Response: Correct Response(s): 180 Explanation: . including those who use computers both at students. 13 U nR The Lyndhurst High School twelfth graders are represented in the circle graph in Figure 1. or of the home and at school. what is the graders. From Figure 1 in the question. Figure 2 is another way to illustrate the use of computers by these twelfth twelfth graders are represented in both figures.

if the number result of step chosen in step is what number will be the Your Response: Correct Response(s): 20 Explanation: file://E:\新建文件夹\c4. The areas of rectangles What is the area of the entire figure? and are and respectively. the lengths and widths of rectangles and are whole numbers. use computers at school only. use computers both at home and at school. the total area of the large rectangle is U 15 In the chart above. The entire shaded circle. The length of the shared side is either or since the area of rectangle is which has and as possible factors. then. and of the students. represents students who use computers at school. Your Response: Correct Response(s): 144 Explanation: The correct answer is . or students. Rectangle factored as or Rectangle re d has an area of which can be and rectangle share a side. If the length of the shared side were then the dimensions of rectangle would be by and would be the te by length of the side shared by rectangle and rectangle Since the area of rectangle is it cannot have a side of length From this it follows that the length of the side shared by rectangle and rectangle must be The length is of the side shared by rectangle and rectangle is Since the area of eg rectangle is the other dimension of rectangle is Since rectangle has dimensions rectangle has dimensions by and rectangle has dimensions by the dimensions of the large rectangle are nR by Therefore.htm 2006-11-12 . 14 In the figure above.The Official SAT Online Course 页码,10/12 students.

it follows that rulers. there were exactly glue bottles. If the sum of the number of staplers. 17 eg is t what is the greatest . there were just enough staplers.htm 2006-11-12 . From the given information that the sum of the number of staplers. Since every students had to share a ruler. Since every students had to share a stapler. Since If and are integers such that U nR possible value of Your Response: Correct Response(s): 608 Explanation: d and since and further to The correct answer is and have no common factors other than it must be the case that is a multiple of and is a multiple of Solving for yields Since or or The largest multiple of less than is So and and which is less than 18 How many positive integers less than times an even integer? are multiples of and are equal to Your Response: file://E:\新建文件夹\c4. First take the chosen number for step which is and use it in step Here is not prime. there were exactly rulers. Since every students had to share a glue bottle. every students had to share a glue bottle. there were exactly staplers. rulers and glue bottles so that every students had to share a ruler. and every students had to share a stapler.The Official SAT Online Course 页码,11/12 The correct answer is . because So add to get Then in step divide this number by to get The result of step is the greatest integer less than or equal to which is . Let represent the total number of students in the art class. how many students were in the class? and glue bottles used by the class was Your Response: Correct Response(s): 60 Explanation: The correct answer is . rulers. and glue bottles used by the class was er e and in terms of which simplifies to Therefore. 16 In an art class.

htm d 2006-11-12 . All rights reserved. which is all be multiples of the least common multiple of these Integers that fulfill all The integers must also be less than these conditions are and so on. up to which is the greatest such number since is not less than So there are integers that meet these conditions.The Official SAT Online Course Correct Response(s): 33 页码,12/12 Explanation: The correct answer is . they are all multiples of and It is given that these integers are also they must and Since these integers must be multiples of multiples of numbers. Since all of these integers are equal to times an even integer. Back to Score Report Copyright © 2006 The College Board. Privacy Policy Terms of Use Contact Us U nR eg i st er e file://E:\新建文件夹\c4.

the phrase before the conjunction has no independent verb and therefore does not state a complete thought. the country’s dictatorship had stifled industrial growth. Explanation for Incorrect Answer B : Choice (B) has an error in pronoun agreement. a school of yellow fish was seen (B) a school of yellow fish were seen (C) we saw a school of yellow fish (D) we seen a school of yellow fish (E) yellow fish in schools are seen ANSWERS AND EXPLANATIONS is te Explanation for Correct Answer D : Choice (D) is correct. but now they are developing their full economic potential. and so now they are developing their full economic potential." Looking down through the boat’s glass bottom. but now they are developing their full economic potential. the country is now developing its full economic potential. U 2 nR eg (A) Explanation for Incorrect Answer A : Choice (A) is a sentence fragment.htm ." Explanation for Incorrect Answer C : Choice (C) uses vague pronouns. "dictatorship. The logical relationship of the two parts of the sentence is introduced by the subordinating conjunction "though. (D) Though the dictatorship had stifled industrial growth. Explanation for Incorrect Answer E : Choice (E) exhibits improper modification. The introductory phrase.Practice Test #3 Section 2 Section 3 Section 4 1 Section 5 Industrial growth that was being stifled by the country’s dictatorship. (E) Now developing their full economic potential." cannot logically modify the noun that follows. Section 9 (B) The dictatorship had stifled industrial growth. Section 10 (C) Industrial growth was stifled by the country’s dictatorship. "country. Although the clause after the coordinating conjunction "but" is complete. The sentence contains no nouns to which the plural pronouns "they" and "their" can refer.The Official SAT Online Course 页码,1/21 Help | Profile | My Organizer | My Bookmarks | Logout Answers and Explanations Test Sections Back to Score Report Section 1 View Answers and Explanations Online . but the country is now developing their full economic potential. The plural pronoun "their" does not agree with the singular noun to which it presumably refers. (A) Section 7 Section 8 Industrial growth that was being stifled by the country’s dictatorship." re ANSWERS AND EXPLANATIONS d 2006-11-12 file://E:\新建文件夹\c5. "Now developing their full economic potential. It avoids the error of the original by properly combining a dependent clause (before the comma) with an independent clause (after the comma) to state a complete thought. a school of yellow fish was seen swimming along with the turtles.

" "transmitting the waves." but the past tense." (A) waves and of transmitting those waves through space. after this those waves must be transformed (B) waves. after this those waves must be transformed back into sounds. re 3 d 2006-11-12 file://E:\新建文件夹\c5. As a substitute for the noun "waves." and "transforming them") to describe the three functions of a radio system. "saw." Explanation for Incorrect Answer D : Choice (D) uses an incorrect form of the irregular verb." Explanation for Incorrect Answer E : Choice (E) displays improper modification. Although the plural verb "were" agrees with the plural intervening noun "fish. The independent clause used (after the semicolon) to describe the third function of a radio system is not parallel with the verbal phrases ("transforming sounds" and "transmitting them") that describe the first two functions. Explanation for Incorrect Answer E : Choice (E) uses an inappropriate idiom." the pronoun "same" is less effective than the pronoun "them. It avoids the error of the original by placing the pronoun "we" immediately after the introductory phrase ("Looking down through the boat’s glass bottom") that modifies it. and then the translation of them AND EXPLANATIONS is te A radio system consists of a means of transforming sounds into electromagnetic waves and of transmitting those waves through space. "fish.htm ." it does not agree with the singular subject "school. The introductory phrase. It avoids the error of the original by using three parallel verbal phrases ("transforming sounds. after this the waves have to be translated U nR ANSWERS (E) waves. "Looking down through the boat’s glass bottom. The context requires not the past participle." eg (C) waves. Explanation for Incorrect Answer A : Choice (A) exhibits improper modification." Explanation for Incorrect Answer D : Choice (D) displays a flaw in parallelism." Explanation for Incorrect Answer B : Choice (B) has an error in subject-verb agreement. "seen. "a school of yellow fish. transmitting the waves through space. and transforming them (D) waves and of transmitting them through space. Explanation for Incorrect Answer A : Choice (A) fails to maintain parallelism. The noun "translation" is not parallel with the earlier verbal forms "transforming" and "transmitting.The Official SAT Online Course 页码,2/21 Explanation for Correct Answer C : Choice (C) is correct. of transmitting them through space." does not modify the noun that immediately follows. It uses parallel verbal phrases ("transforming sounds" and "transmitting those waves") to describe the first two functions of a radio system but shifts (after the semicolon) to an independent clause to describe the third function. "Looking down through the boat’s glass bottom." cannot logically modify the noun phrase that immediately follows. of the transmitting of those waves through space and of translating same Explanation for Correct Answer B : Choice (B) is correct. The introductory phrase. Explanation for Incorrect Answer C : Choice (C) violates parallelism.

"assumption." instead of the vague pronoun "it. With a minor change in word order ("An assumption that underlies the poem is"). re Explanation for Incorrect Answer B : Choice (B) uses a vague pronoun.htm 2006-11-12 . "buildings and freeways. a basic assumption which is made is (D) It is an assumption that underlies the poem (E) The basic assumption of the poem is ANSWERS AND EXPLANATIONS Explanation for Correct Answer E : Choice (E) is correct. The phrase without any verb ("but a great many new office buildings and freeways") is not parallel with the independent clause before the comma. Since the pronoun "it" apparently refers to the entire idea stated by the long dependent clause (introduced by "that")." and a singular verb. the meaning is unclear. The clause "which is made" can be deleted without any loss of meaning. but there is a great many new office buildings and freeways (B) but it does have a great many new office buildings and freeways (C) but a great many new office buildings and freeways (D) although many new office buildings and freeways are there (E) although a great many new office buildings and freeways are seen ANSWERS Explanation for Correct Answer B : Choice (B) is correct. (A) It underlies the poem (B) In the poem. "The modern city may not have. the vague pronoun "it" can be eliminated. It avoids the error of the original by using a specific noun. AND EXPLANATIONS is te Explanation for Incorrect Answer C : Choice (C) exhibits wordiness." to form a clause that is parallel to the earlier clause. In the inverted construction introduced by "there. U nR (A) 5 The modern city may not have new citadels or cathedrals. d file://E:\新建文件夹\c5. but there is a great many new office buildings and freeways. eg Explanation for Incorrect Answer D : Choice (D) contains an unnecessary word." Explanation for Incorrect Answer C : Choice (C) fails to maintain parallelism." Explanation for Incorrect Answer A : Choice (A) uses a vague pronoun." the singular verb "is" does not agree with its plural compound subject. The sentence contains no noun prior to the pronoun "they" to which that pronoun can refer. "it.The Official SAT Online Course 页码,3/21 4 It underlies the poem that human beings are free to choose and may be blamed for their choices. "does have." Explanation for Incorrect Answer A : Choice (A) involves subject-verb disagreement. It avoids the error of the original by using both a singular subject. they assumed (C) In the poem.

" can be simplified and shortened to "of giants existing. It avoids the error of the original by using a straightforward clause ("that giants existed") and by eliminating unnecessary words. "of there existing giants." incorrectly suggests that the existence of giants continues up to the present time. Explanation for Incorrect Answer E : Choice (E) displays flawed parallelism. The awkward phrase. The phrase "are there" (with "office buildings and freeways" as its subject) is not parallel with the earlier verb phrase "may not have" (with "citadels or cathedrals" as its direct object). The present perfect tense. 6 The remains of the Apatosaurus provide evidence of there being giants existing on Earth during the late Jurassic period." Explanation for Incorrect Answer A : eg Explanation for Incorrect Answer B : Choice (B) exhibits wordiness. "have existed. Farming in that area of the country is inefficient because of their farm machinery shortage and that they lack the knowledge to operate it. Five words ("of there being giants existing") can be reduced to three ("that giants existed"). (A) of there being giants existing (B) of there having been giants existing (C) of there existing giants (D) that giants have existed (E) that giants existed ANSWERS AND EXPLANATIONS U 7 nR (A) Explanation for Incorrect Answer C : Choice (C) contains an unnecessary word. file://E:\新建文件夹\c5. The idea expressed with six words ("of there having been giants existing") can be stated more smoothly and efficiently with only three ("that giants existed")." Explanation for Incorrect Answer D : Choice (D) uses an improper verb tense. er e d Explanation for Correct Answer E : Choice (E) is correct.The Official SAT Online Course 页码,4/21 Explanation for Incorrect Answer D : Choice (D) violates parallelism. because of their farm machinery shortage and that they lack the (B) in that they have a shortage of farm machinery and a lack of (C) because of the shortage of farm machinery and their lacking the (D) in that there is both a shortage of farm machinery as well as a lack of (E) because of the shortage of farm machinery and the lack of ANSWERS Explanation for Correct Answer E : Choice (E) is correct. AND EXPLANATIONS is t Explanation for Incorrect Answer A : Choice (A) displays wordiness.htm 2006-11-12 . The verb phrase "are seen" (with "office buildings and freeways" as its subject) is not parallel with the earlier verb phrase "may not have" (with "citadels or cathedrals" as its direct object). It avoids the error of the original by omitting the vague and unnecessary pronouns "their" and "they.

" repeats the idea contained in "self-portrait" and is therefore unnecessary. and it is her own exquisite selfportrait . The final clause." 8 The most popular painting in the exhibit of works by local artists was done by a seventy-year-old woman. (A) was done by a seventy-year-old woman." and "of herself." the words "done" and "and it is her own" are not needed. With a minor change in word order (placing "an exquisite self-portrait" immediately after the linking verb "was"). the use of the plural pronoun "their" is incorrect. The meaning of the plural pronoun "they" remains uncertain because the sentence has no plural noun. "who painted herself. Explanation for Incorrect Answer B : Choice (B) exhibits wordiness. Since the adjective "both" introduces two parallel nouns ("shortage" and "lack"). If the phrase "[an] exquisite self-portrait" is placed immediately after the linking verb "was." "who painted. who painted an exquisite selfportrait of herself (B) was an exquisite self-portrait of a seventy-year-old woman. Explanation for Incorrect Answer D : Choice (D) uses an inappropriate idiom. the proper conjunction to link them is "and." not "as well as.htm d (D) was done by a seventy-year-old woman. Since the sentence has no plural noun." The tiles are sorted not only by their surface appearance but also according to their hardness and their capacity of conducting heat. Explanation for Incorrect Answer E : Choice (E) has an excess word. according to their hardness and their capacity of conducting heat (B) according to their hardness and of their heat-conducting capacity (C) by their hardness and if they have the capacity for heat conduction (D) by their hardness and their capacity for conducting heat (E) by their hardness and capacity in heat conduction eg i st e ANSWERS AND EXPLANATIONS re 2006-11-12 file://E:\新建文件夹\c5. Explanation for Incorrect Answer C : Choice (C) contains a vague pronoun. It avoids the wordiness of the original by improving word order (placing "an exquisite self-portrait" immediately after the linking verb "was") and by eliminating the unnecessary words "done." and "of herself" become unnecessary. being an exquisite self-portrait Explanation for Correct Answer C : Choice (C) is correct." U 9 nR (A) Explanation for Incorrect Answer A : Choice (A) uses excess words. Explanation for Incorrect Answer D : Choice (D) displays wordiness. Explanation for Incorrect Answer B : Choice (B) uses a vague pronoun. The sentence contains no plural noun to which the plural pronouns "their" and "they" can refer. The word "being" is not needed if the noun phrase "an exquisite self-portrait" is placed before the prepositional phrase "by a seventyyear-old woman." "who painted.The Official SAT Online Course 页码,5/21 Choice (A) includes vague pronouns. the words "done. who painted herself (C) was an exquisite self-portrait of a seventy-year-old woman (E) was by a seventy-year-old woman. who painted an exquisite self-portrait of herself.

" to introduce parallel phrases describing the two criteria used in sorting tiles.htm 2006-11-12 . Explanation for Incorrect Answer E : Choice (E) uses excess words. The preposition "of" is unnecessary. "frequencies" or "users. The Pony Express was an ingenious system for carrying mail." 10 Radio frequencies have to be allocated to users so that one transmission will not interfere with another. (A) one transmission will not interfere with another (B) each transmission can’t interfere with another’s (C) transmitting them will not interfere with one another (D) no transmission is interfered with by another U 11 nR eg ANSWERS (A) (E) no one transmission would have interference with the other AND EXPLANATIONS Explanation for Correct Answer A : Choice (A) is correct. The form "another's" refers illogically to something possessed by another transmission rather than to the transmission itself. The phrase "if they have the" can be reduced to one word—"their. before the telegraph system made it obsolete. "by. it was in existence only briefly.The Official SAT Online Course 页码,6/21 ANSWERS AND EXPLANATIONS Explanation for Correct Answer D : Choice (D) is correct. Explanation for Incorrect Answer C : Choice (C) contains excess words." Explanation for Incorrect Answer E : Choice (E) uses an inappropriate idiom. Explanation for Incorrect Answer C : Choice (C) contains a vague and ambiguous pronoun. It uses the appropriate noun." and avoids excess words in describing an event. Explanation for Incorrect Answer A : Choice (A) fails to maintain parallelism. Explanation for Incorrect Answer B : Choice (B) uses an incorrect pronoun form. however. it was in existence only briefly. is te re d file://E:\新建文件夹\c5. "In" is not the correct preposition to link the noun "capacity" with the later phrase "heat reduction. The preposition "according to" is not parallel with the earlier preposition "by" even though both introduce phrases describing criteria for sorting tiles. Explanation for Incorrect Answer B : Choice (B) displays wordiness. It avoids the error of the original by using the same preposition. however. The pronoun "them" (apparently referring to "transmissions") cannot logically refer to either of the nouns in the sentence. "transmission." Explanation for Incorrect Answer D : Choice (D) displays wordiness. mail. The idea expressed with four words ("would have interference with") can be stated better with only two ("interferes with"). Four words ("is interfered with by") can be reduced to two ("interferes with").

where the tense sequence is incorrect. No error Corrected Sentence: At first we panicked when we discovered we had missed our flight. The past-tense verb "took" is consistent with other verbs in eg is Explanation for Incorrect Answer E : Choice (E) uses an inappropriate verb tense. "panicked. AND EXPLANATIONS te re Explanation for Incorrect Answer D : Choice (D) displays inappropriate modification and word order. Explanation for Incorrect Answer B : Choice (B) uses an inappropriate idiom.The Official SAT Online Course 页码,7/21 (B) mail. Explanation for Incorrect Answer C : Choice (C) exhibits improper coordination. however." "discovered. existing only briefly (D) mail. but then we took a bus to another airport. (C) mail. If placed at the beginning of the sentence. "had missed. "mail. the phrase introduced by "having existed" might modify "The Pony Express. however. Explanation for Correct Answer C : The error in this sentence occurs at (C)." Explanation for Incorrect Answer A : There is no error at (A)." is appropriate to describe an action that was completed before the time of another action in the past (the discovery). but then we took a U nR ANSWERS bus to another airport." d file://E:\新建文件夹\c5. Explanation for Incorrect Answer B : There is no error at (B). It uses two appropriately worded independent clauses that are linked correctly by a semicolon. where there are several planes leaving for Denver that evening. The past perfect tense. having existed only briefly (E) mail. 12 At first we panicked when we discovered we had missed our flight. It incorrectly uses a semicolon to link parts of unequal grammatical rank (a complete thought before the semicolon and a phrase after it).htm 2006-11-12 . The past progressive tense "was existing" suggests a continuing state of being that is inconsistent with the completed state of being indicated by use of the simple past "was" in the first clause. The present tense of the verb." but it does not modify the noun immediately before it." is inconsistent with the earlier past-tense verbs. "are. where there were several planes leaving for Denver that evening. but was existing only briefly ANSWERS AND EXPLANATIONS Explanation for Correct Answer A : Choice (A) is correct." and "took. for it was in existence only briefly. The conjunction "for" incorrectly suggests that the clause to follow will present a reason for the condition described in the preceding clause.

"rose. eg Explanation for Incorrect Answer C : There is no error at (C). "mayor. AND EXPLANATIONS is t Explanation for Incorrect Answer B : There is no error at (B). No error Corrected Sentence: Confucianism is more a code of ethics than a religion." but the past participle.htm 2006-11-12 . U 14 nR ANSWERS Explanation for Incorrect Answer D : There is no error at (D). No error ANSWERS AND EXPLANATIONS Corrected Sentence: Only after the floodwaters had risen two feet was the mayor willing to order the evacuation of some homes. where there is wordiness. The noun "evacuation" serves correctly as the direct object of the infinitive "to order." and the preposition "of" introduces a phrase that modifies "evacuation." Explanation for Incorrect Answer E : There is an error in the sentence. The participle "leaving" functions correctly to introduce an adjective phrase describing the noun "planes. Confucianism is more a code of ethics than like a religion." file://E:\新建文件夹\c5. 13 Only after the floodwaters had rose two feet was the mayor willing to order the evacuation of some homes. . er ed Explanation for Correct Answer A : The error in this sentence occurs at (A). "risen.The Official SAT Online Course 页码,8/21 past tense ("panicked" and "discovered"). After the helping verb "had. it presents no deities but fosters instead a respect for one’s ancestors and for an orderly society." the word "like" is unnecessary and spoils the parallelism of the two ideas being compared ("a religion" and "a code") in the opening clause. Explanation for Incorrect Answer D : There is no error at (D). Explanation for Correct Answer A : The error in this sentence occurs at (A)." and the past tense correctly indicates a time after another action in the past (the rising of the floodwaters). After the phrase "more . the singular verb "was" agrees with its singular subject. where the verb form is incorrect." the correct form of this irregular verb is not the past. than. In this inverted construction. it presents no deities but fosters instead a respect for one’s ancestors and for an orderly society." Explanation for Incorrect Answer E : There is an error in the sentence. The infinitive "to order" functions properly to introduce the adjective phrase that completes the sentence. .

" Explanation for Incorrect Answer E : There is an error in the sentence. The adverb "instead" functions correctly after the verb "fosters" to indicate an alternative goal.htm .The Official SAT Online Course 页码,9/21 Explanation for Incorrect Answer B : There is no error at (B). "people. Local party organizations have discovered that voter turnout is diminished considerably whenever the media projected election results early in the day. U 16 nR ANSWERS Explanation for Incorrect Answer A : There is no error at (A). The conjunction "but" is appropriate to indicate a contrast." Explanation for Incorrect Answer D : There is no error at (D). "readiness. Explanation for Correct Answer C : The error in this sentence occurs at (C). young people vary in their readiness to leave. The phrase "Just as" is an appropriate idiom to introduce a comparison between parents and young people." er e d 2006-11-12 file://E:\新建文件夹\c5. and the singular verb "fosters" agrees with its singular subject." Explanation for Incorrect Answer E : There is an error in the sentence. The infinitive "to leave" functions correctly as an adjective to modify the noun immediately before it." Explanation for Incorrect Answer C : There is no error at (C). "people. "it. . No error Corrected Sentence: Local party organizations have discovered that voter turnout is diminished considerably whenever the media project election results early in the day. Explanation for Incorrect Answer B : There is no error at (B). Explanation for Incorrect Answer D : There is no error at (D). The eg AND EXPLANATIONS is t Explanation for Correct Answer C : The error in this sentence occurs at (C). where the number of the pronouns is incorrect. The verb "vary" is plural and agrees with its plural subject. The singular pronouns "his" and "her" do not agree with the plural noun to which they refer. where the tense sequence is incorrect. 15 Just as parents vary in their readiness to have their children leave home for college. The adjective "orderly" appropriately describes the noun "society. young people vary in his or her readiness to leave No error ANSWERS AND EXPLANATIONS Corrected Sentence: Just as parents vary in their readiness to have their children leave home for college.

"is diminished. The subordinating conjunction "whenever" properly introduces the dependent adverbial clause that completes the sentence." Explanation for Incorrect Answer A : There is no error at (A). The relative pronoun "whose" serves appropriately to link the preposition "upon" with its object. Paul’s letter to myself about the missing money was not intended to be read by any other member of the organization. The adverb "considerably" correctly modifies the verb immediately before it. In this inverted construction." U 18 nR Explanation for Incorrect Answer A : There is no error at (A).The Official SAT Online Course 页码,10/21 past tense of the verb. No error eg i st er ed . "contributions. The prepositional phrase "in the day" functions correctly as an adverb telling when." Explanation for Incorrect Answer E : There is an error in the sentence. upon whose contributions the chemist had depended heavily No error file://E:\新建文件夹\c5. "projected. the plural verb "were" does not agree with the singular subject "mention. Explanation for Incorrect Answer E : There is an error in the sentence." is inconsistent with the present tense of the earlier verb. The adverb "heavily" is used properly to modify the verb "had depended." Explanation for Incorrect Answer D : There is no error at (D). 17 Absent from the speech were any mention of the students and laboratory technicians ANSWERS AND EXPLANATIONS Corrected Sentence: Absent from the speech was any mention of the students and laboratory technicians upon whose contributions the chemist had depended heavily." and the preposition "from" introduces an adverb phrase that modifies "absent. Explanation for Correct Answer B : The error in this sentence occurs at (B). The predicate adjective "absent" functions correctly to describe the noun "mention. Explanation for Incorrect Answer D : There is no error at (D).htm 2006-11-12 . where the verb does not agree with its subject. Explanation for Incorrect Answer B : There is no error at (B)." Explanation for Incorrect Answer C : There is no error at (C).

" and "other" properly modifies the noun "member. Explanation for Correct Answer B : The error in this sentence occurs at (B). The reflexive form. eg AND EXPLANATIONS is t er ed file://E:\新建文件夹\c5. Explanation for Incorrect Answer D : There is no error at (D). . "myself. . The adverb "any" serves correctly to modify the adjective "other. . Explanation for Correct Answer A : The error in this sentence occurs at (A). criticized") rather than the present perfect tense ("has been . .htm 2006-11-12 .The Official SAT Online Course 页码,11/21 ANSWERS AND EXPLANATIONS Corrected Sentence: Paul’s letter to me about the missing money was not intended to be read by any other member of the organization. Explanation for Incorrect Answer B : There is no error at (B). The adverb "severely" is appropriate to tell how the prince was criticized." Explanation for Incorrect Answer C : There is no error at (C). criticized") in the main clause. The word "as" correctly precedes the adjective "ugly" after the verb "characterized. The adjective "outspoken" is used correctly after the verbal "having been. "letter. The singular helping verb "was" agrees with its singular subject. since the same person did not both send and receive the letter." and the past participle form "intended" is correct after the helping verb. Explanation for Incorrect Answer C : There is no error at (C)." Explanation for Incorrect Answer E : There is an error in the sentence. where the tense sequence is inappropriate." Explanation for Incorrect Answer E : There is an error in the sentence. 19 . After the prince characterized modern architecture as ugly he has been severely criticized for having been so outspoken in public. Explanation for Incorrect Answer A : There is no error at (A)." and the adverb "so" properly modifies "outspoken. The infinitive phrase "to be read" functions appropriately as an adverb telling how the letter was intended." is not appropriate. where the pronoun is incorrect. The use of "After" with the past tense ("characterized") in the introductory clause requires the use of the past tense ("was . he was severely criticized for having been so outspoken in public. Explanation for Incorrect Answer D : There is no error at (D). No error ANSWERS U 20 nR Corrected Sentence: After the prince characterized modern architecture as ugly.

where the number of the pronoun is incorrect. "are driven. "squirrels. Explanation for Correct Answer C : The error in this sentence occurs at (C). The conjunction "for" is used appropriately to join a clause describing an effect with a later clause stating a cause." and its present tense is consistent with that of the earlier verb. The phrase "No matter" is an appropriate idiom to link the introductory dependent clause to the sentence's main clause." d file://E:\新建文件夹\c5.The Official SAT Online Course 页码,12/21 No matter how cautious snowmobiles are driven. The singular pronoun "it" does not agree with the plural noun to which it refers. 21 U nR ANSWERS The black squirrels drew a crowd of students. Explanation for Incorrect Answer B : There is no error at (B). for they had never been seen on the campus before. they are capable of damaging the land over which they travel. for it had never been seen on the campus before." the verb forms "been" and "seen" are correct to form passive voice and past perfect tense. No error Corrected Sentence: The black squirrels drew a crowd of students. The plural verb "are" agrees with its plural subject. An adverb ("cautiously") rather than the adjective ("cautious") is needed to modify the verb "are driven.htm 2006-11-12 . The preposition "of" is appropriate to begin the phrase that explains what snowmobiles can do. "they. eg is Explanation for Incorrect Answer E : There is an error in the sentence. Explanation for Correct Answer B : The error in this sentence occurs at (B). they of damaging are the capable land over which they travel. re Explanation for Incorrect Answer C : There is no error at (C). No error ANSWERS AND EXPLANATIONS Corrected Sentence: No matter how cautiously snowmobiles are driven. and the gerund "damaging" serves appropriately as the object of the preposition. The past-tense verb "drew" is correct to indicate a time after an earlier time in the past (when the squirrels were not seen)." Explanation for Incorrect Answer A : There is no error at (A). After the helping verb "had. Explanation for Incorrect Answer D : There is no error at (D). AND EXPLANATIONS te Explanation for Incorrect Answer D : There is no error at (D)." Explanation for Incorrect Answer A : There is no error at (A). where an adjective is used incorrectly.

"expressed. 23 U nR ANSWERS Never before had a group of artists been so isolated from society and from official patronage as was the so-called Impressionists. The noun "students" is used properly as the object of the preposition "of. The verb in past tense. "students. "attended. Explanation for Correct Answer D : The error in this sentence occurs at (D). ANSWERS AND EXPLANATIONS Corrected Sentence: A majority of the students who attended the job fair expressed interest in becoming doctors or lawyers. Explanation for Incorrect Answer B : There is no error at (B). where there is subject-verb disagreement. No error Corrected Sentence: Never before had a group of artists been so isolated from society and from official patronage as were the so-called Impressionists. The gerund "becoming" serves appropriately as the object of the preposition "in." is consistent with the later past-tense verb." Explanation for Incorrect Answer B : There is no error at (B). eg is te AND EXPLANATIONS re Explanation for Incorrect Answer A : There is no error at (A). 22 A majority of the students who attended the job fair expressed interest in becoming a doctor or lawyer No error ." and the relative pronoun "who" functions correctly to introduce an adjective clause describing "students. After the helping verb "had been. Explanation for Correct Answer D : The error in this sentence occurs at (D). In this inverted construction.The Official SAT Online Course 页码,13/21 Explanation for Incorrect Answer E : There is an error in the sentence.htm 2006-11-12 ." Explanation for Incorrect Answer E : There is an error in the sentence. The helping verb "had" is used correctly to produce past perfect tense and thus indicate a time prior to the time of the Impressionists." Explanation for Incorrect Answer A : There is no error at (A)." d file://E:\新建文件夹\c5." Explanation for Incorrect Answer C : There is no error at (C). the singular verb "was" does not agree with its plural subject." the past participle form. where there is noun-noun disagreement. "Impressionists. The singular nouns "doctor" and "lawyer" do not agree with the earlier plural noun.

and "so" is an appropriate adverb to modify the verb. The prepositional phrase "to their mother" functions correctly as an adverb telling where. A possible first step in developing a nonsexist vocabulary with which to analyze the works of the nineteenth-century writer Elizabeth Gaskell would be to stop referring to her as “Mrs. eg AND EXPLANATIONS is Explanation for Incorrect Answer A : There is no error at (A)." te re Explanation for Correct Answer D : The error in this sentence occurs at (D). d file://E:\新建文件夹\c5. and the repetition of the preposition "from" makes the parallelism more emphatic.” Explanation for Correct Answer E : There is no error in this sentence.” No error Corrected Sentence: A possible first step in developing a nonsexist vocabulary with which to analyze the works of the nineteenth-century writer Elizabeth Gaskell would be to stop referring to her as “Mrs. Explanation for Incorrect Answer E : There is an error in the sentence. 24 The flowers that Jane and Jonathan ordered to be sent less to their mother fresh were and much more expensive than Carr's Flower Shop . The conjunction "and" is appropriate to join two parallel prepositional phrases. The adverb "less" correctly modifies the adjective "fresh. No error ANSWERS AND EXPLANATIONS Corrected Sentence: The flowers that Jane and Jonathan ordered to be sent to their mother were less fresh and much more expensive than those from Carr's Flower Shop." is correct. Explanation for Incorrect Answer B : There is no error at (B). where the comparison is illogical. "were. The past-tense verb "ordered" is consistent with the later verb in past tense. The flowers ordered are compared to a flower shop rather than to flowers from that shop. Explanation for Incorrect Answer C : There is no error at (C).htm 2006-11-12 ." Explanation for Incorrect Answer E : There is an error in the sentence. U 25 nR ANSWERS Explanation for Incorrect Answer C : There is no error at (C).The Official SAT Online Course 页码,14/21 "isolated. Gaskell. Gaskell.

In eg is Explanation for Correct Answer C : The error in this sentence occurs at (C). where the idiom is inappropriate. The preposition "in" and its object. an ironclad warship that was sunk during the Civil War. The infinitive "to stop" functions correctly after the linking verb "would be" to name a possible first step. "brought." Explanation for Incorrect Answer D : There is no error at (D). is being gradually brought to the surface. an ironclad warship that . 26 After 140 years under the sea the remains of the Monitor." and the preposition "to" properly introduces an adverb phrase telling where. The preposition "after" is appropriate to begin a phrase that indicates a period of time. Explanation for Incorrect Answer E : There is an error in the sentence. the gerund "developing." Explanation for Incorrect Answer D : There is no error at (D). re ANSWERS AND EXPLANATIONS d 2006-11-12 file://E:\新建文件夹\c5. I have gone to only one football game after I graduated from high school. No error Corrected Sentence: I have gone to only one football game since I graduated from high school." AND EXPLANATIONS te Corrected Sentence: After 140 years under the sea. No error U 27 nR ANSWERS Explanation for Incorrect Answer A : There is no error at (A)." it does not agree with the plural subject "remains. Explanation for Correct Answer C : The error in this sentence occurs at (C). the pronoun "which. The preposition "of" is appropriate to introduce a phrase that describes the noun "works. Although the singular verb "is" agrees with the interrupting noun "warship." Explanation for Incorrect Answer C : There is no error at (C)." the correct verb form is the past participle." correctly begin an adjective phrase that describes the noun "step. was sunk during the Civil War. Explanation for Incorrect Answer B : There is no error at (B)." Explanation for Incorrect Answer B : There is no error at (B). A phrase describing the noun "vocabulary" is properly introduced by the preposition "with" and its object. the remains of the Monitor. are being gradually brought to the surface. where the verb does not agree with its subject.The Official SAT Online Course 页码,15/21 Explanation for Incorrect Answer A : There is no error at (A). After the helping verb "is being.htm . The preposition "under" properly introduces the prepositional phrase "under the sea.

Explanation for Incorrect Answer E : There is an error in the sentence." Explanation for Incorrect Answer D : There is no error at (D). Explanation for Incorrect Answer B : There is no error at (B).The Official SAT Online Course 页码,16/21 context. there is hardly ever any opposition against their proposals." and the subsequent preposition "of" introduces a phrase that specifies the music that was discussed. there is eg Explanation for Correct Answer A : The error in this sentence occurs at (A). The singular pronoun "it" agrees with the singular noun to which it refers. 28 The radio station received the most number of calls from listeners on the evening it aired a discussion of the music of Aretha Franklin. "graduated." Explanation for Incorrect Answer D : There is no error at (D). Explanation for Incorrect Answer C : There is no error at (C)." AND EXPLANATIONS is te re 2006-11-12 file://E:\新建文件夹\c5. The prepositional phrase "on the evening" functions correctly as an adverb telling when. U 29 nR ANSWERS Explanation for Incorrect Answer B : There is no error at (B). Explanation for Incorrect Answer E : There is an error in the sentence." Explanation for Incorrect Answer A : There is no error at (A). The past tense of the verb. No error Corrected Sentence: When the village elders present recommendations. where the idiom is inappropriate.htm d . No error ANSWERS AND EXPLANATIONS Corrected Sentence: The radio station received the largest number of calls from listeners on the evening it aired a discussion of the music of Aretha Franklin. Before "number" the adjective "most" is less idiomatic than "largest. The noun "music" serves appropriately as the object of the preposition "of." is correct to describe a completed action. The preposition "to" correctly introduces an adverbial phrase identifying where the speaker went. When the village elders present recommendations. The adverb "only" correctly modifies the adjective "one. "station." and "one" is used appropriately to describe the noun "game. the conjunction "after" is less idiomatic than the conjunction "since.

the adverb "ever" correctly modifies the verb "is. "Against" is not the appropriate preposition to introduce a phrase that follows the noun "opposition." Explanation for Incorrect Answer A : There is no error at (A). (2) Suppose a woman says she is a doctor. it is wrong. some people think that you’re not as smart as a doctor or a lawyer. (8) They think of you only in terms of your job.The Official SAT Online Course 页码,17/21 hardly ever any opposition to their proposals. (9) I used to clean houses in the summer because the money was good. The plural verb "present" agrees with its plural subject. "elders. ANSWERS AND EXPLANATIONS Explanation for Correct Answer B : Choice (B) is correct. which is the best way to phrase sentence 1 (reproduced below) ? People today have placed emphasis on the kinds of work that others do. "opposition. By telling when. the singular verb "is" agrees with its singular subject. (C) What kinds of work others do is being placed too much emphasis on by people today." Explanation for Incorrect Answer C : There is no error at (C). (12) Did she want me to ask whether to scrub the tub counter-clockwise instead of clockwise ? (13) Her attitude made me angry! (14) Once I read that the jobs people consider important have changed. who decided that the person who does your taxes is more important than the person who makes sure that your house is warm or that your car runs ? (7) I know firsthand how frustrating it can be.htm 2006-11-12 . (11) She kept asking me if I had any questions. Explanation for Correct Answer D : The error in this sentence occurs at (D). (As it is now) (B) People today place too much emphasis on the kinds of work that others do. it is wrong. that who I want to be is much more important than what I want to be! Of the following." appropriately modifies and limits "ever. thereby making the second clause unnecessary." and the present tense is consistent with that of the later verb "is. The phrase "too much" smoothly embeds a negative judgment within the first clause. where the idiom is not suitable. (10) One woman came into the bathroom while I was scrubbing the tub. "hardly. In this inverted construction. then. Explanation for Incorrect Answer A : is te re (1) People today have placed emphasis on the kinds of work that others do. (15) Carpenters used to be much more admired than doctors." Explanation for Incorrect Answer B : There is no error at (B). (E) The wrong emphasis is being placed today on people and what kind of work they do. (3) Immediately everyone assumes that she is a wonderful person. (D) The wrong kind of emphasis had been placed on the kinds of work others do today." and another adverb. if you say you’re a carpenter or mechanic. (4) However. but yet all the people whose houses I cleaned seemed to assume that because I was vacuuming their carpets I did not deserve their respect. (5) Can’t someone just want to do this because he or she loves the work ? d file://E:\新建文件夹\c5. (16) My point is." Explanation for Incorrect Answer E : There is an error in the sentence. as if doctors were incapable of doing wrong. U 30 nR eg (A) (6) Also.

"they. as if doctors were incapable of doing wrong. a woman is maybe saying she is a doctor. (A) Suppose a woman says she is a doctor. The preposition "on" (one of several misplaced words) is far removed from its object." 31 In context. the dependent clause (appropriately introduced by "if") states a possible condition.The Official SAT Online Course 页码,18/21 Choice (A) is unsatisfactory because it uses a comma improperly to join two independent clauses. if they say. immediately (D) Immediately. and the main clause then describes a likely result. In context. "kinds. It incorrectly suggests that this sentence is drawing a conclusion based on evidence presented earlier. Immediately everyone assumes that she is a wonderful person. "For instance" indicates that the situation illustrates the statement in sentence 1.htm 2006-11-12 . the phrase do this in sentence 5 would best be replaced by hold this particular opinion (B) resist temptation (C) ask someone for assistance (D) become a carpenter or a mechanic (E) aspire to learn medicine eg Explanation for Correct Answer B : Choice (B) is correct. (E) Therefore. In the combined sentence. for instance." Explanation for Incorrect Answer D : Choice (D) is unsatisfactory because the past perfect tense ("had been placed") is inappropriate to describe an action occurring today. Explanation for Incorrect Answer C : Choice (C) is unsatisfactory because the transition word "however" inappropriately suggests that a contrasting idea will follow. which of the following is the best way to revise and combine the underlined portions of sentences 2 and 3 (reproduced below) ? Suppose a woman says she is a doctor. immediately ANSWERS AND EXPLANATIONS U 32 nR (A) Explanation for Incorrect Answer A : Choice (A) is unsatisfactory because the connecting word "but" usually introduces a contrast rather than a result." Explanation for Incorrect Answer E : Choice (E) is unsatisfactory because the introductory word "therefore" is inappropriate. for example. however. The sentence does not need both the noun "people" and the pronoun "they. Explanation for Incorrect Answer E : Choice (E) is unsatisfactory because of wordiness. immediately file://E:\新建文件夹\c5. she is a doctor. but immediately (B) If a woman says she is a doctor. Explanation for Incorrect Answer C : Choice (C) is unsatisfactory because the word order is garbled. Explanation for Incorrect Answer D : Choice (D) is unsatisfactory because it uses a vague pronoun. is te re d (C) When a woman says she is a doctor.

the verb "become" is more precise than "do. Explanation for Incorrect Answer B : Choice (B) is unsatisfactory because it retains the vague pronoun "they" and introduces another inappropriate pronoun. having people think of you ANSWERS Explanation for Correct Answer D : Choice (D) is correct. The semicolon incorrectly links unequal parts (an independent clause before the semicolon and a phrase after it).htm 2006-11-12 . this choice introduces a new thought." and the nouns "carpenter" and "mechanic" are much more specific than the pronoun "this. 33 Which of the following is the best way to revise and combine the underlined portions of sentences 7 and 8 (reproduced below) ? (A) be. In context. The pronoun "they" and the phrase "that is" are not needed. that is--think of you (B) be when they are thinking of one (C) be how people think of you U nR (E) (D) be when people think of you be.The Official SAT Online Course 页码,19/21 ANSWERS AND EXPLANATIONS Explanation for Correct Answer D : Choice (D) is correct. "one" (that is inconsistent with the later pronoun "your"). Explanation for Incorrect Answer C : Choice (C) is unsatisfactory because "how" is not an acceptable transition word to link the first clause (ending with "be") with the second clause. Holding a negative opinion would not be the likely result of loving one's work. Instead of continuing the idea in sentence 4. Explanation for Incorrect Answer E : Choice (E) is unsatisfactory because it uses improper coordination. Explanation for Incorrect Answer B : Choice (B) is unsatisfactory because it introduces an irrelevant idea. Explanation for Incorrect Answer C : Choice (C) is unsatisfactory because the relationship between the two clauses becomes illogical. file://E:\新建文件夹\c5." Explanation for Incorrect Answer A : Choice (A) is unsatisfactory because its implication is illogical. they--people. The subordinating conjunction "when" provides an appropriate link between the two clauses." Explanation for Incorrect Answer A : Choice (A) is unsatisfactory because of wordiness. AND EXPLANATIONS te r ed Explanation for Incorrect Answer E : Choice (E) is unsatisfactory because it shifts emphasis away from the value of work done by carpenters and mechanics. No other sentence in the passage even mentions temptation. Loving one's work would not necessarily produce a request for assistance. eg is I know firsthand how frustrating it can be. and the noun "people" replaces the vague pronoun "they. They think of you only in terms of your job.

35 U nR eg (A) Explanation for Incorrect Answer E : Choice (E) is unsatisfactory because the phrase "for example" does not imply contrast. Instead. The best place to begin a new paragraph in sentences 6-16 would be with sentence 10 (B) 11 (C) 12 (D) 14 (E) 15 ANSWERS AND EXPLANATIONS Explanation for Correct Answer D : Choice (D) is correct. The account of the writer's own experience as a house cleaner ends with sentence 13. (B) however. (D) in addition. it suggests that the information to follow is of minor importance. Explanation for Incorrect Answer D : Choice (D) is unsatisfactory because the phrase "in addition" fails to introduce a contrast. the phrase but yet in sentence 9 would best be replaced by (A) incidentally. (E) for example. Explanation for Incorrect Answer A : Choice (A) is unsatisfactory because such a division would improperly separate a specific example (starting in sentence 10) from the general statement it illustrates (in sentence 9). and sentence 14 appropriately begins a new paragraph about historical changes in attitudes toward different kinds of work. ANSWERS AND EXPLANATIONS Explanation for Correct Answer B : Choice (B) is correct. It implies only that the second clause will correct or clarify an earlier misconception. The word "however" properly indicates a contrast between a positive aspect of the job (good pay) and a negative aspect (lack of respect). Explanation for Incorrect Answer A : Choice (A) is unsatisfactory because "incidentally" does not indicate contrast.htm 2006-11-12 . Explanation for Incorrect Answer B : is te re Explanation for Incorrect Answer C : Choice (C) is unsatisfactory because the phrase "in fact" does not prepare for a contrast. d file://E:\新建文件夹\c5. It actually implies that the second clause will continue or reinforce the idea presented earlier. (C) in fact. It suggests instead that specific details to follow will support an earlier generalization.The Official SAT Online Course 页码,20/21 34 In context.

Back to Score Report Copyright © 2006 The College Board. Explanation for Incorrect Answer E : Choice (E) is unsatisfactory because the resulting separation of a specific example (in sentence 15) from the generalization that it supports (in sentence 14) would be improper. 页码,21/21 Explanation for Incorrect Answer C : Choice (C) is unsatisfactory because such an interruption in the narrative (running from sentence 10 through sentence 13) would be inappropriate.The Official SAT Online Course Choice (B) is unsatisfactory because this break would awkwardly interrupt the narrative beginning in sentence 10 and continuing through sentence 13.htm ed 2006-11-12 . All rights reserved. Privacy Policy Terms of Use Contact Us U nR eg is t er file://E:\新建文件夹\c5.

Knowledge and clues would enable people to decode how dinosaurs evolved However. "Decode" means to put a coded message into plain language. in divergence from other clues such as fossilized tracks and eggs. "Divergence from" means departing from. The second missing term indicates what the knowledge and clues enable people to do. in ------other clues such as fossilized tracks and eggs. "Dependence on" means leaning on.htm . "Conjunction with" means together with. help us to decode the evolution of these creatures. "Supplant" means replace." The first missing term suggests that knowledge and clues come together. evolutionary theories. decode Section 10 (C) dependence on. which. which. . help us to ------. If one were to insert these terms into the text. the sentence would read "Much of our knowledge of dinosaurs comes from excavated bones. help us to supplant the evolution of these creatures. .Practice Test #3 Section 2 Section 3 Section 4 1 Section 5 Section 7 Much of our knowledge of dinosaurs comes from excavated bones. re d 2006-11-12 ANSWERS AND EXPLANATIONS file://E:\新建文件夹\c6. supplant Section 9 (B) divergence from. . "divergence from" does not suggest that the knowledge and clues are coming together. "Belie" means contradict or fail to confirm. while knowledge and clues might belie. trace Explanation for Incorrect Answer A : Choice (A) is incorrect. in dependence on other clues such as fossilized tracks and eggs. . belie (D) opposition to. help us to trace the evolution of these creatures. If one were to insert these terms into the text.The Official SAT Online Course 页码,1/22 Help | Profile | My Organizer | My Bookmarks | Logout Answers and Explanations Test Sections Back to Score Report Section 1 View Answers and Explanations Online . If one were to insert these terms into the text. The second missing term indicates what the knowledge and clues enable people to do. or contradict. the sentence would read "Much of our knowledge of dinosaurs comes from excavated bones. If one were to insert these terms into the text." The first missing term suggests that knowledge and clues come together. Explanation for Incorrect Answer D : Choice (D) is incorrect. It makes sense to say that knowledge and clues work together to enable people to trace the evolution of dinosaurs. . amplify (E) conjunction with. Additionally. in conjunction with other clues such as fossilized tracks and eggs. the sentence would read "Much of our knowledge of dinosaurs comes from excavated bones. they do not belie evolution itself. The second missing term indicates what the knowledge and clues enable people to do." The first missing term suggests that knowledge and clues come together. "Trace" means track or follow. in convergence with other clues such as fossilized tracks and eggs. "Opposition to" means against. (A) Section 8 convergence with." The first missing term suggests that knowledge and clues come together. which. which. Explanation for Incorrect Answer C : Choice (C) is incorrect. Bones themselves would not depend on clues. U nR Explanation for Incorrect Answer B : Choice (B) is incorrect.the evolution of these creatures. "Convergence with" means come together with. Supplant does not make sense in the sentence because evolution cannot be replaced. The second missing term indicates what the knowledge and clues enable people to do. the sentence would read "Much of our knowledge of dinosaurs comes from excavated bones. help us to belie the evolution of these creatures. "Amplify" means make eg is te Explanation for Correct Answer E : Choice (E) is correct. which.

. The first missing term is a characteristic of a vernal pool. The first missing term is a characteristic of a vernal pool. teem (E) ephemeral . "Evaporate" means disappear by turning into vapor. The first missing term is a characteristic of a vernal pool. What follows the colon is an explanation of the first missing term. a pond stays in the same place. If one were to insert these terms into the text." "Vernal pools" are spring pools. If one were to insert these terms into the text.of ponds: they form as a result of snowmelt and a high water table in winter. evaporate ANSWERS AND EXPLANATIONS U nR Explanation for Incorrect Answer A : Choice (A) is incorrect. and then they evaporate by late summer. This corresponds with the use of ephemeral to describe a vernal pool. . which. "Transitory" means temporary or brief. What follows the colon is an explanation of the first missing term. The first missing term is a characteristic of a vernal pool.htm 2006-11-12 . A pond cannot be anachronistic. and then they ------. ponds that expand are not temporary. overflow (C) immutable . Explanation for Incorrect Answer D : Choice (D) is incorrect. "Ephemeral" means brief. Explanation for Incorrect Answer C : Choice (C) is incorrect." "Vernal pools" are spring pools. 2 Vernal pools are among the most ------. "Expand" means increase in size. If one were to insert these terms into the text. "Itinerant" means roaming or wandering from place to place. . and then they teem by late summer. eg is te re d Explanation for Correct Answer E : Choice (E) is correct. Explanation for Incorrect Answer B : Choice (B) is incorrect. and then they expand by late summer. the sentence would read "Vernal pools are among the most immutable of ponds: they form as a result of snowmelt and a high water table in winter. the sentence would read "Vernal pools are among the most ephemeral of ponds: they form as a result of snowmelt and a high water table in winter. file://E:\新建文件夹\c6. in opposition to other clues such as fossilized tracks and eggs. . "Anachronistic" means from the wrong time period." "Vernal pools" are spring pools." "Vernal pools" are spring pools. If one were to insert these terms into the text. drain (D) itinerant ." "Vernal pools" are spring pools. The first missing term is a characteristic of a vernal pool. A pond that is immutable would not fill in winter and drain in summer. expand (B) anachronistic . (A) transitory . What follows the colon is an explanation of the first missing term. and then they drain by late summer.by late summer. People cannot amplify the evolution of creatures. "Teem" means become filled to overflowing. "Drain" means flow away.The Official SAT Online Course 页码,2/22 larger or greater. What follows the colon is an explanation of the first missing term. "Immutable" means unchangeable. A transitory pond would disappear after a brief time. the sentence would read "Vernal pools are among the most anachronistic of ponds: they form as a result of snowmelt and a high water table in winter. Evaporation shows that the ponds disappear after a period of time. However. the sentence would read "Vernal pools are among the most transitory of ponds: they form as a result of snowmelt and a high water table in winter. and then they overflow by late summer. it cannot be itinerant. the sentence would read "Much of our knowledge of dinosaurs comes from excavated bones. If one were to insert these terms into the text. If one were to insert these terms into the text." The first missing term suggests that knowledge and clues come together. The second missing term indicates what the knowledge and clues enable people to do. help us to amplify the evolution of these creatures. Itinerant is not described by the concept of teeming. the sentence would read "Vernal pools are among the most itinerant of ponds: they form as a result of snowmelt and a high water table in winter. . As well. What follows the colon is an explanation of the first missing term. "Overflow" means flow over the limits of something.

. the 1983 North American Indian Woman of the Year. magnified (D) transformative . and "immersed" means submerged. . orthodox (B) impassioned (C) precarious (D) impressionable (E) indeterminate eg is te Explanation for Incorrect Answer A : Choice (A) is incorrect. the sentence would read "The diverse experiences of Madonna Swan. with difficulty. the sentence would read "The profound experiences of Madonna Swan. cannot be fully appreciated if they are embellished in a tidy summary." While varied experiences may. immersed ANSWERS AND EXPLANATIONS Explanation for Correct Answer B : Choice (B) is correct. be summarized. Explanation for Incorrect Answer C : Choice (C) is incorrect. condensed (C) profound . and "condensed" means made compact. (A) varied ." or enhance. "Transformative" means causing a change. "Diverse" means composed of different elements. If one were to insert these terms into the text. . the 1983 North American Indian Woman of the Year. . cannot be fully appreciated if they are condensed in a tidy summary. cannot be fully appreciated if they are immersed in a tidy summary. cannot be fully appreciated if they are interposed in a tidy summary.htm 2006-11-12 . If one were to insert these terms into the text.experiences of Madonna Swan. the sentence would read "The transformative experiences of Madonna Swan. U 4 nR (A) Explanation for Incorrect Answer D : Choice (D) is incorrect. those points. it does not "embellish. the sentence would read "The impressive experiences of Madonna Swan. cannot be fully appreciated if they are ------.in a tidy summary.The Official SAT Online Course 页码,3/22 3 The ------. embellished (E) impressive . That would suggest that the summary of experiences already exists. . the 1983 North American Indian Woman of the Year. "Impressive" means inspiring awe or admiration." While deeply meaningful experiences may be summarized. If one were to insert these terms into the text. If one were to insert these terms into the text. reluctant to support any legislation inconsistent with the nation’s most ------.principles. interposed (B) diverse . "Magnified" means enlarged. and "interposed" means inserted." Although impressive experiences might be mentioned in a summary. "Embellished" means enhanced. If one were to insert these terms into the text. It makes no sense to say that something could be enlarged in a summary. the 1983 North American Indian Woman of the Year. it would be strange to describe such experiences as being submerged. the 1983 North American Indian Woman of the Year." Experiences combining different elements cannot be easily compacted in a tidy summary. the sentence would read "The varied experiences of Madonna Swan. a summary is by definition a brief version of something. Explanation for Incorrect Answer E : Choice (E) is incorrect." A summary presents main points in a general way. "Profound" means deep. "Varied" means mixed. re d file://E:\新建文件夹\c6. it does not make sense to speak of experiences being inserted into a summary. The representative was a traditionalist. the 1983 North American Indian Woman of the Year. cannot be fully appreciated if they are magnified in a tidy summary.

" The first missing term should be associated with creativity or playfulness. the sentence would read "The representative was a traditionalist." The missing term describes the kind of legislative principles that a "traditionalist. "Indeterminate" means vague. . "Precarious" means on edge or unsafe. d file://E:\新建文件夹\c6. the sentence would read "The representative was a traditionalist. "Spontaneity" is uncontrolled and impulsive behavior. would support." a person who upholds traditional beliefs." The missing term describes the kind of legislative principles that a "traditionalist. Explanation for Incorrect Answer B : Choice (B) is incorrect." The missing term describes the kind of legislative principles that a "traditionalist. "Impassioned" means passionate. and someone who is strict or unyielding could aptly be described as exhibiting rigidity. If one were to insert this term into the text." a person who upholds traditional beliefs. reluctant to support any legislation inconsistent with the nation's most orthodox principles. If one were to insert this term into the text. spontaneity . rigidity (B) digressions . "Impressionable" means capable of being easily impressed or swayed. Spontaneity is often associated with creativity." a person who upholds traditional beliefs. creative children are rewarded for their ------. If one were to insert this term into the text. In any case. would support. If one were to insert this term into the text. It is odd to say that principles themselves could be impassioned. dour adults are punished for their -------. creative children are rewarded for their spontaneity and strict." a person who upholds traditional beliefs. buoyancy ANSWERS Explanation for Correct Answer A : Choice (A) is correct. . the sentence would read "The representative was a traditionalist. the sentence would read "The representative was a traditionalist. This word is usually used to describe people. mirth (C) solemnity . "Rigidity" means stiffness. reluctant to support any legislation inconsistent with the nation's most precarious principles. reluctant to support any legislation inconsistent with the nation's most impressionable principles. and the second should be related to "strict" and "dour. Orthodox principles are exactly the type of principles a traditionalist would tend to support. U Explanation for Incorrect Answer E : Choice (E) is incorrect. A traditionalist may or may not support principles that are precarious. . malice (D) inflexibility ." The missing term describes the kind of legislative principles that a "traditionalist. impassioned principles would not necessarily be in line with tradition." a person who upholds traditional beliefs. reluctant to support any legislation inconsistent with the nation's most impassioned principles. eg Explanation for Incorrect Answer D : Choice (D) is incorrect. would support.htm 2006-11-12 ." which mean limiting and stern. If one were to insert these terms into the text. ." The missing term describes the kind of legislative principles that a "traditionalist. reluctant to support any legislation inconsistent with the nation's most indeterminate principles. Impressionable is a word that applies to people.and strict. 5 nR (A) The author constructed a scenario in which playful. . rigor (E) improvisations . would support. If one were to insert this term into the text. the sentence would read "The author constructed a scenario in which playful. the sentence would read "The representative was a traditionalist. not to things such as principles. would support. not things such as principles.The Official SAT Online Course 页码,4/22 ANSWERS AND EXPLANATIONS Explanation for Correct Answer A : Choice (A) is correct. AND EXPLANATIONS is te re Explanation for Incorrect Answer C : Choice (C) is incorrect. a traditionalist may or may not be likely to support them. "Orthodox" means conforming to traditional beliefs. dour adults are punished for their rigidity. Although principles could be described as indeterminate.

dour adults are punished for their rigor. If one were to insert these terms into the text. the second word does not. the sentence would read "Although usually warm and cordial in greeting friends. Explanation for Incorrect Answer A : Choice (A) is incorrect." The first missing term should be associated with creativity or playfulness. "Joyous" means happy. the sentence would read "The author constructed a scenario in which playful. ." which mean limiting and stern. If one were to insert these terms into the text. conventional (B) cordial . and the second should be related to "strict" and "dour. ebullient (E) genial . the sentence would read "The author constructed a scenario in which playful. . dour adults are punished for their mirth. "Cordial" means warm and friendly. If one were to insert these terms into the text. Lauren was too reserved ever to be truly effusive. creative children are rewarded for their improvisations and strict." The first missing term should be associated with creativity or playfulness. 6 U nR (A) Although usually warm and ------. in this instance. means affectionate. the sentence would read "The author constructed a scenario in which playful. antisocial ANSWERS Explanation for Correct Answer B : Choice (B) is correct. creative children are rewarded for their digressions and strict. creative children would most likely not be inflexible. "Inflexibility" means the state of being rigid or unyielding." The first missing term should be associated with creativity or playfulness." The first missing term is similar in meaning to "warm. dour adults are punished for their malice. "Conventional" means lacking originality or individuality. "Rigor" means strictness. "Improvisations" are things created without planning. file://E:\新建文件夹\c6. Buoyancy is not associated with strict. "Effusive" means unrestrained in emotional expression. effusive (C) restrained . Playful. The second term should have a meaning that is the opposite of "reserved. Lauren was too reserved ever to be truly conventional. . If one were to insert these terms into the text. and the second should be related to "strict" and "dour. the sentence would read "Although usually warm and joyous in greeting friends. and thus could not be the answer. dour people. "Malice" means hatred." which means restrained or shy. If one were to insert these terms into the text. Explanation for Incorrect Answer C : Choice (C) is incorrect." which mean limiting and stern. Mirth does not work in the sentence because it is not a quality of strict. "Digressions" are wanderings. "Cordial" means socially warm and "effusive" is the opposite of reserved." which mean limiting and stern. joyous . Although improvisations works in the sentence. Solemnity is the opposite of playfulness. gracious (D) dismissive . creative children are rewarded for their inflexibility and strict." which mean limiting and stern. dour people." The first missing term should be associated with creativity or playfulness. "Buoyancy" means the state of being light or cheerful." The first missing term is similar in eg AND EXPLANATIONS is te Explanation for Incorrect Answer E : Choice (E) is incorrect.The Official SAT Online Course 页码,5/22 Explanation for Incorrect Answer B : Choice (B) is incorrect. . creative children are rewarded for their solemnity and strict. and the second should be related "strict" and "dour. "Solemnity" means gloomy seriousness. and the second should be related to "strict" and "dour. Lauren was too reserved ever to be truly -------. If one were to insert these terms into the text. dour adults are punished for their buoyancy. "Mirth" is gladness. the sentence would read "The author constructed a scenario in which playful. re d Explanation for Incorrect Answer D : Choice (D) is incorrect. ." which.in greeting friends.htm 2006-11-12 .

The Official SAT Online Course

页码,6/22

meaning to "warm," which, in this instance, means affectionate. The second word should have a meaning that is the opposite of "reserved," which means restrained or shy. "Conventional" is not the opposite of reserved.

Explanation for Incorrect Answer C : Choice (C) is incorrect. "Restrained" means kept under control. "Gracious" means friendly. If one were to insert these terms into the text, the sentence would read "Although usually warm and restrained in greeting friends, Lauren was too reserved ever to be truly gracious." The first missing term is similar in meaning to "warm," which, in this instance, means affectionate. The second word should have a meaning that is the opposite of "reserved," which means restrained or shy. The word "restrained" does not suggest affection.

Explanation for Incorrect Answer D : Choice (D) is incorrect. "Dismissive" describes an attitude of offhand rejection. "Ebullient" means full of high spirits. If one were to insert these terms into the text, the sentence would read "Although usually warm and dismissive in greeting friends, Lauren was too reserved ever to be truly ebullient." The first missing term is similar in meaning to "warm," which, in this instance, means affectionate. The second word should have a meaning that is the opposite of "reserved," which means restrained or shy. Lauren would not be both warm and dismissive when she greets friends, since the these are two opposite attitudes.

7

Legal scholars argue that when “justice” is interpreted too broadly, the concept becomes -------, easily changed and controlled by outside forces.
(A)

malleable

(C) coherent

(D) felicitous

U

nR
(E)

prosaic

ANSWERS

Explanation for Correct Answer A : Choice (A) is correct. "Malleable" means capable of being changed or controlled. If one were to insert this term into the text, the sentence would read "Legal scholars argue that when 'justice' is interpreted too broadly, the concept becomes malleable, easily changed and controlled by outside forces." "Malleable" properly describes a "justice" that can be altered by outside forces.

Explanation for Incorrect Answer B : Choice (B) is incorrect. "Influential" means powerful or having an effect on others. If one were to insert this term into the text, the sentence would read "Legal scholars argue that when 'justice' is interpreted too broadly, the concept becomes influential, easily changed and controlled by outside forces." An "influential" concept is one that changes outside forces, not one that is changed by outside forces.

Explanation for Incorrect Answer C : Choice (C) is incorrect. "Coherent" means well ordered or clear. If one were to insert this term into the text, the sentence would read "Legal scholars argue that when 'justice' is interpreted too broadly, the concept becomes coherent, easily changed and controlled by outside forces." It makes no sense to imply that a concept can be easily changed or controlled because it is clear.

Explanation for Incorrect Answer D : Choice (D) is incorrect. "Felicitous" means well suited or particularly appropriate to a situation. If one were to insert this term into the text, the sentence would read

eg
AND EXPLANATIONS

(B)

influential

is te re d

Explanation for Incorrect Answer E : Choice (E) is incorrect. "Genial" means cheerful. "Antisocial" means unsociable. If one were to insert these terms into the text, the sentence would read "Although usually warm and cordial in greeting friends, Lauren was too reserved ever to be truly effusive." The first missing term is similar in meaning to "warm," which, in this instance, means affectionate. The second word should have a meaning that is the opposite of "reserved," which means restrained or shy. One would not say that a person is too reserved to be antisocial. An extremely reserved person might be considered antisocial.

file://E:\新建文件夹\c6.htm

2006-11-12

The Official SAT Online Course

页码,7/22

"Legal scholars argue that when 'justice' is interpreted too broadly, the concept becomes felicitous, easily changed and controlled by outside forces." If something is well suited, it makes no sense to describe it as easily changed or controlled.

Explanation for Incorrect Answer E : Choice (E) is incorrect. "Prosaic" means ordinary. If one were to insert this term into the text, the sentence would read "Legal scholars argue that when 'justice' is interpreted too broadly, the concept becomes prosaic, easily changed and controlled by outside forces." An ordinary concept might be a concept that is easily changed or controlled, but it is not necessarily so.

8

The instructor’s voice was so ------- that most students preferred taking a test over listening to its grating sound.
(A)

receptive

(B)

cajoling

(C) melodious

(D) muted

(E)

strident

ANSWERS

AND EXPLANATIONS

U

nR

Explanation for Incorrect Answer A : Choice (A) is incorrect. "Receptive" means open and responsive to ideas or suggestions. If one were to insert this term into the text, the sentence would read "The instructor's voice was so receptive that most students preferred taking a test over listening to its grating sound." The missing term describes a voice that has a "grating sound." A grating sound has nothing to do with being receptive. Furthermore, no voice could be described as receptive.

Explanation for Incorrect Answer B : Choice (B) is incorrect. "Cajoling" means persuading or coaxing. If one were to insert this term into the text, the sentence would read "The instructor's voice was so cajoling that most students preferred taking a test over listening to its grating sound." The missing term describes a voice that has a "grating sound." A cajoling sound is not synonymous with a grating sound. A person who is cajoling would most likely use a soft voice, not a grating one.

Explanation for Incorrect Answer C : Choice (C) is incorrect. "Melodious" means sweet-sounding or full or melody. If one were to insert this term into the text, the sentence would read "The instructor's voice was so melodious that most students preferred taking a test over listening to its grating sound." The missing term describes a voice that has a "grating sound." A melodious voice is the opposite of a grating one.

Explanation for Incorrect Answer D : Choice (D) is incorrect. "Muted" means muffled or softened. If one were to insert this term into the text, the sentence would read "The instructor's voice was so muted that most students preferred taking a test over listening to its grating sound." The missing term describes a voice that has a "grating sound." A muted voice is the opposite of a grating voice.

The big doors of the hotel are padlocked. So far nobody

has smashed their glass panels. Nobody could
file://E:\新建文件夹\c6.htm

eg i

st e

re

Explanation for Correct Answer E : Choice (E) is correct. "Strident" means loud, harsh and discordant. If one were to insert this term into the text, the sentence would read "The instructor's voice was so strident that most students preferred taking a test over listening to its grating sound." The missing term describes a voice that has a "grating sound." A strident sound is synonymous with a grating sound.

d

2006-11-12

The Official SAT Online Course

页码,8/22

9

The passage is characterized by all of the following EXCEPT

(B)

auditory descriptions

(C) contrast

(E)

hypothetical musings

ANSWERS

U

10

nR
(A)

Explanation for Correct Answer D : Choice (D) is correct. The passage does not appeal to reason but to emotion and to the senses. It describes the feelings and impressions associated with the physical appearance of the hotel.

Explanation for Incorrect Answer A : Choice (A) is incorrect. The passage does use visual imagery, such as the descriptions of the padlocked doors and the reflections in their glass panels.

Explanation for Incorrect Answer B : Choice (B) is incorrect. The sounds of the shutter hinge and the wind are auditory descriptions, or descriptions of sound, that are compared to music.

Explanation for Incorrect Answer C : Choice (C) is incorrect. The lonely, vast land outside the hotel is contrasted with the happy crowd of "best friends" that the hotel "seems to promise you."

Explanation for Incorrect Answer E : Choice (E) is incorrect. Through hypothetical musings, or imaginative reflections, the author describes the empty, padlocked hotel as if it were the scene of a party.

Lines 10-12 (“piano keys . . . rooms”) convey a feeling of

lightheartedness

(B)

bewilderment

eg is

(D) an appeal to reason

AND EXPLANATIONS

te r
2006-11-12

(A)

visual imagery

file://E:\新建文件夹\c6.htm

ed

stand to do it because the panels mirror your own face as well as the view behind your back: acres of chive grass Line edging the sparkly beach, a movie-screen sky, and an 5 ocean that wants you more than anything. No matter the outside loneliness, if you look inside, the hotel seems to promise you ecstasy and the company of all your best friends. And music. The shift of a shutter hinge sounds like the cough of a trumpet; piano keys waver a quarter note above the 10 wind so you might miss the hurt jamming those halls and closed-up rooms.

" or pain pressing. Explanation for Incorrect Answer E : Choice (E) is incorrect. is not conveyed in the description of the hotel's sadness. but if you scrutinize any specific claim. Bewilderment. They may well be right. Diffusionists may not be able to pinpoint who beat Columbus to the punch. is present elsewhere in the passage. it melts away. inside the "halls" and "closed-up rooms" of the hotel. This is probably why diffusionists U nR eg is te re Explanation for Incorrect Answer D : Choice (D) is incorrect. Columbus (and Leif Ericsson and Zheng He) had a lot more Line competitors than most people think: Prince Madoc of Wales. Explanation for Incorrect Answer B : Choice (B) is incorrect. but this is contradicted by the "hurt jamming. or a longing for the past. d file://E:\新建文件夹\c6. because of the "hurt" that haunts the imaginary cheerfulness of the inside of the hotel. or confusion. yet they’re sure 10 someone did. crossing the Atlantic was probably not as big a deal as Columbus-centric historians thought. The fact is. or sadness.htm 2006-11-12 . Explanation for Incorrect Answer A : Choice (A) is incorrect. in the emotionally charged description of the "hurt" the author imagines "jamming those halls and closed-up rooms. or lack of involvement. Even though nostalgia. These lines convey a feeling of melancholy. Corte Real of Portugal. Earlier in the passage. there is no longing for the hotel's "hurt" and sadness expressed in lines 10-12. 5 the Zeni brothers of Venice. Rather." “Diffusion theory” is an umbrella idea encompassing various alternative theories of America’s discovery by explorers from other parts of the world. There is no feeling of detachment. Poland’s Jan of Kolno.The Official SAT Online Course 页码,9/22 (C) melancholy (D) nostalgia (E) detachment ANSWERS AND EXPLANATIONS Explanation for Correct Answer C : Choice (C) is correct. the hotel's inside was imagined as lighthearted and happy. there is a degree of clarity expressed in the recognition of the sadness that fills the hotel.

it melts away" (lines 11-12). U 12 nR (A) Explanation for Incorrect Answer E : Choice (E) is incorrect. is emphasized over the quality of the sightings (a high-quality sighting is one that could be verified by independent experts). "umbrella" refers to "diffusion theory." d file://E:\新建文件夹\c6. we ultimately rely on faith." which covers or includes within itself "various alternative theories" (line 2) about the discovery of America. eg Explanation for Incorrect Answer D : Choice (D) is incorrect. diffusionists also "emphasize quantity over quality" (line 13). people still relied on it. of an umbrella is not the quality featured in the passage." but to its comprehensiveness. 11 In line 1. The utility. ANSWERS Explanation for Correct Answer C : Choice (C) is correct. or shown to be flawed. "Impenetrable" refers to something that cannot be penetrated. "Comprehensiveness" is the quality of being all-inclusive and wide-ranging. (B) Before the Wright brothers’ success. The notion of foresight is not discussed in the passage. In this context. or stretch. The passage uses the term "umbrella" to refer to the fact that the "diffusion theory" comprises "various alternative theories" (line 2). experts thought that craft that were heavier than air could not fly. (E) Although folk medicine was at first derided by the medical establishment. like many other discoveries. was stumbled on by accident. This assertion uses the great quantity of UFO sightings as evidence that at least one of them must be authentic. be researchers: "if you scrutinize any specific claim. covering many ideas—just as an umbrella might cover. “umbrella” is used to convey which of the following qualities? (A) Comprehensiveness (B) Impenetrability (C) Utility (D) Ordinariness (E) Foresight ANSWERS AND EXPLANATIONS Explanation for Correct Answer A : Choice (A) is correct. The quantity of the sightings. (C) So many UFO sightings have been reported that at least one of them must be authentic. te re Explanation for Incorrect Answer B : Choice (B) is incorrect. Thus they cannot be described as "impenetrable. or usefulness. Even though an umbrella is an ordinary object. It makes sense that an umbrella would be described as "impenetrable" by rain. The passage explains that "diffusion theory" includes many alternative theories. the passage does not refer to the ordinariness of the "diffusion theory. This is the same strategy that diffusionists use. but the theories mentioned in the passage have been penetrated.The Official SAT Online Course 页码,10/22 emphasize quantity over quality. AND EXPLANATIONS is Explanation for Incorrect Answer C : Choice (C) is incorrect. (D) Penicillin. The strategy employed by the diffusionists in making their claim is most evident in which assertion? Since nothing can be proven with absolute certainty. over several objects.htm 2006-11-12 . or the number of times people claim to see UFOs.

Passage 1 The desire to affirm that women and men are completely equal has made some scholars reluctant to show ways in which they are different. whereas diffusion theory has to do with ideas that have not been either proven or disproven. because differences between two groups of people have so often Line been used to “justify” unequal treatment and 5 opportunity. Although diffusionists cannot at this point say which explorer beat Columbus. Much as I understand and am in sympathy with those who wish there were no differences between women and men—only reparable social injustice—my research on styles of conversation tells me that. it simply isn’t so. Without such understanding. I believe that there are 10 gender differences in ways of speaking. The Wright Brothers decisively disproved a theory. Diffusionists may embrace theories that claim America was discovered by accident. Explanation for Incorrect Answer D : Choice (D) is incorrect. diffusionists do not conclude that proof is impossible or irrelevant.htm 2006-11-12 . Is a person’s gender an important influence on how he or she behaves with others? Contemporary sociologists and other scholars have argued this question fiercely. The following pair of passages presents two contrasting voices from that debate. but this is not mentioned in the passage.The Official SAT Online Course 页码,11/22 Explanation for Incorrect Answer A : Choice (A) is incorrect. The passage does not describe diffusionists as being concerned with rivalries between new technologies and old ones. Explanation for Incorrect Answer B : Choice (B) is incorrect. we are doomed to blame others or ourselves—or our own relationships—for the otherwise mystifying and damaging effects of our contrasting conversational 15 styles. at least in this area. Explanation for Incorrect Answer E : Choice (E) is incorrect. and we need to identify and understand them. It is clear to me that recognizing gender differences in conversational styles would free individuals U nR eg is t er ed file://E:\新建文件夹\c6.

The sociolinguistic approach I take in my work is based on my belief that many frictions arise because. So this view of children’s behavior predicts that more women than men will be comfortable speaking one-on-one. siblings. This may also be done by exhibiting knowledge or skill and by holding center stage through such verbal performance as storytelling. For little boys. joking. to individuals. Emphasis is placed on displaying similarities and matching experiences. Little girls appear to be eager to share and compare interests and ideas.The Official SAT Online Course 页码,12/22 20 25 30 35 40 from the burden of an inappropriate sense of being at fault for chronic disagreements. so that talk between women and men is actually cross-cultural communication. or imparting information. here in the United States. talk is primarily a means of making statements of achievement through games like bragging contests. boys and girls grow up in what are essentially different cultures. For them. the language of conversation is primarily a language of rapport: a way of establishing connection and negotiating relationships.htm 2006-11-12 . parents—and become even more frustrated when they try to talk things out. Many women and men feel dissatisfied with their close relationships—with spouses. Taking a sociolinguistic approach to such troubling encounters makes it possible to explain these dissatisfactions without accusing anyone of being wrong and without blaming—or discarding— the relationship. U nR eg is t er ed file://E:\新建文件夹\c6.

In particular contexts people do feminine. Passage 2 50 U 60 65 nR eg is 55 Gender stereotypes should concern us for several reasons. As a noted scholar proposes.The Official SAT Online Course 页码,13/22 And even when addressing an audience. We need to move from a conceptualization of gender as an attribute or style of behavior to an understanding of gender as something people do in social interaction. In the process. their work encourages people to notice and attend to differences rather than similarities. First. to perceive men and women in accordance with stereotypes that may not accurately depict their behavior or intentions. gender stereotypes may not only describe behavior but also prescribe it. Some researchers attempt to elucidate gender differences in order to help women and men understand and respond to one another better. in others. dictating how men and women “should” behave.” People display contradictory te r ed file://E:\新建文件夹\c6. they may dictate what we notice and bias our perceptions in the direction of expectation. to move away from the notion that men and women have two contrasting styles of interaction that were acquired in childhood. women may be more concerned than men with establishing 45 rapport.htm 2006-11-12 . they do masculine. Second. however. “None of us is feminine or is masculine or fails to be either of those. People begin to act in ways that support other people’s gender-role expectations of them. It is time to rethink our understanding of gender.

d file://E:\新建文件夹\c6. Some researchers view male-female conversations as cross-cultural communication. We arrive at a contrasting picture of the cultures of boys and girls only by singling out those children who fit common gender stereotypes and marginalizing others. Children have countless experiences communicating with people of both sexes: they do not learn to communicate in gendersegregated worlds.htm 2006-11-12 . First.The Official SAT Online Course 页码,14/22 70 75 85 U 90 13 nR (A) The two passages differ most on which topic? Whether boys and girls communicate in gender specific patterns (B) Whether important social behavior is learned in childhood (C) Whether adult conversational styles can be studied systematically (D) Whether gender plays a role in determining a child’s playtime activities eg is te re 80 behaviors as they encounter different social norms and pressures. They learn to display different styles of interaction in different contexts: they do not learn a single gender-related style. But this approach has a number of limitations. although children may choose samesex playmates as preferred partners. We fail to notice the children who do not fit those stereotypes—for example. The same child may display dominance and give orders to a younger playmate but show deference and follow orders from an older friend. they interact daily inside and outside school with the opposite sex. Second. boys who excel at caring for younger siblings or girls who enjoy building things in shop class. The two-cultures approach postulates that difficulties in communication between men and women arise because of a clash of conversational styles. the coherence of male and female subcultures in childhood has been exaggerated.

and stresses that individuals need to move toward "an understanding of gender as something people do in social interaction" (lines 64-66). but suggests that the situation is more complex than sociolinguists claim. to show ways in which men and women are different. but the passage is not primarily concerned with the errors of others. Explanation for Incorrect Answer C : Choice (C) is incorrect." or unwilling.htm 2006-11-12 . Passage 2 does not deny that gender is a factor in children's lives. The passages do not primarily address children's playtime activities. and both assume that these behaviors are at least partly learned. whereas Passage 1 sees gender as a fixed determinant of communication styles. Both passages give examples of social behaviors in childhood. but rather explains how a sociolinguistic approach to the problem will help people deal with these differences. The author asserts the value of the sociolinguistic approach to the issue of gender differences. Explanation for Incorrect Answer B : Choice (B) is incorrect. Passage 1 implies that a study of conversational styles between adults is possible and desirable. and we need to identify and understand them" (lines 10-12). Passage 1's argument is that gender-specific communication differences account for misunderstandings between men and women. arguing that it is an approach that should improve understanding between men and women. Explanation for Incorrect Answer B : Choice (B) is incorrect. the author states. The author of Passage 2 argues that "this approach has a number of limitations" (line 75). Passage 2 sees gender as a fluid component of social interactions that anyone can adopt depending on the situation. "I believe that there are gender differences in ways of speaking. ed file://E:\新建文件夹\c6. Passage 1 does not present the history of the controversy over gender differences. Explanation for Incorrect Answer A : Choice (A) is incorrect. In Passage 1. Explanation for Incorrect Answer C : is Explanation for Incorrect Answer E : Choice (E) is incorrect. The authors both agree that society is very interested in gender roles. but Passage 2 does not address this topic. Passage 1 discusses the role of gender in shaping how children approach activities such as conversation. 14 U nR eg (A) The primary purpose of Passage 1 is to present a historical overview of a controversy (B) acknowledge previous errors in thinking (C) urge changes in organized activities provided for children (D) assert the value of a particular approach to an issue (E) downplay the significance of a recent discovery ANSWERS AND EXPLANATIONS Explanation for Correct Answer D : Choice (D) is correct. The passages differ substantially on the question of whether gender determines how individuals communicate with each other.The Official SAT Online Course 页码,15/22 (E) Whether society concerns itself with the concept of gender roles ANSWERS AND EXPLANATIONS Explanation for Correct Answer A : Choice (A) is correct. te r Explanation for Incorrect Answer D : Choice (D) is incorrect. Passage 1 does acknowledge that some scholars are "reluctant.

Passage 1 does not discuss any recent discovery. it implies that their "desire to affirm that women and men are completely equal" (lines 1-2) has affected their observations of people's actual behavior. Passage 1 suggests the opposite: that the scholars' work attempts to cure social injustice by denying differences between men and women. Passage 1 does not suggest changes in children's activities. this recognition would keep people from blaming themselves eg AND EXPLANATIONS is Explanation for Incorrect Answer A : Choice (A) is incorrect. Passage 1 does not suggest that the scholars are objective. The author clearly believes that acknowledging gender differences will help people relate to members of the opposite sex. Passage 1 discounts the belief that there are no differences between women and men by saying. Passage 1's approach to gender difference is concerned with men's and women's close relationships with spouses. but rather describes how the different cultures of boys and girls lead them to communicate differently. The author of Passage 1 appreciates the good intentions of those scholars. "recognizing gender differences in conversational styles would free individuals from the burden of an inappropriate sense of being at fault" (lines 1618). (C) It attempts to be objective but does not succeed. Far from predicting that the scholars' work will eventually be accepted. Explanation for Incorrect Answer E : Choice (E) is incorrect. about gender differences. rather. Explanation for Incorrect Answer D : Choice (D) is incorrect.htm d Explanation for Correct Answer B : Choice (B) is correct. or unbiased. but ultimately disagrees with them. 15 Passage 1 makes which suggestion about the work of “some scholars” (line 2)? (A) It will become widely accepted in the scientific community. ANSWERS AND EXPLANATIONS U 16 nR (A) Explanation for Incorrect Answer C : Choice (C) is incorrect. (E) It could be used to excuse injustice in a society. The author of Passage 1 firmly disagrees with the theory that there is no difference between women and men. (D) It puts forth a convincing theory. Passage 1 explains that some scholars have been "reluctant to show ways in which [men and women] are different. In other words. te re file://E:\新建文件夹\c6. "it simply isn't so" (line 10). Explanation for Incorrect Answer E : Choice (E) is incorrect. 2006-11-12 . Passage 1 argues that “recognizing gender differences” (line 16) would most likely cause people to exaggerate their similarities when communicating with one another (B) lead to further dissatisfaction in conversations among friends and relatives (C) promote the equal treatment of distinct social groups (D) relieve individuals of much of the blame for problems in relationships (E) affect the way that future research on gender is conducted ANSWERS Explanation for Correct Answer D : Choice (D) is correct. (B) It is well intentioned but misguided. because differences between two groups have so often been used to 'justify' unequal treatment" (lines 2-5). According to the passage.The Official SAT Online Course 页码,16/22 Choice (C) is incorrect. siblings and friends. There is no sense that the scholars' work might be used to excuse injustice.

recognizing gender differences would decrease dissatisfaction. instead. are not mentioned in the description of girls' communication patterns. Rather. neither is it concerned with promoting equal treatment. communication”) by arguing that eg AND EXPLANATIONS is t (D) promote nostalgic feelings about past friendships er (B) establish a set of conversational rules shared by speaker and listener ed file://E:\新建文件夹\c6. Explanation for Incorrect Answer B : Choice (B) is incorrect. The passage does not describe either girls or boys as seeking to be objective. Explanation for Incorrect Answer E : Choice (E) is incorrect. According to the passage. . a primary function of communication is to (A) foster a sense of intimacy between speaker and listener (C) convey information previously unknown by the listener (E) create an objective atmosphere for personal discussions ANSWERS U 18 nR Explanation for Correct Answer A : Choice (A) is correct. it argues that they use communication as a way of establishing relationships through sharing interests and ideas. the author of Passage 1 assumes that for girls. . The passage does not mention the idea that girls try to establish conversational rules. Nostalgic feelings. The passage is not concerned with how research on gender should be conducted. Passage 1 describes how girls seek to foster intimacy. It would make men and women aware of their differences. girls focus on "displaying similarities and matching experiences" (lines 38-39) in their conversations.htm 2006-11-12 . The passage points out that for girls. Explanation for Incorrect Answer D : Choice (D) is incorrect. . According to Passage 1. Recognizing gender differences would not cause people to exaggerate their similarities. 17 In lines 36-41 (“Little girls . or closeness. or unbiased. Explanation for Incorrect Answer E : Choice (E) is incorrect. Explanation for Incorrect Answer C : Choice (C) is incorrect. not increase it. relationships”). the purpose of language is "establishing connection and negotiating relationships" (lines 40-41). While the passage does not seek to justify unequal treatment and opportunity for men and women. with others through communication.The Official SAT Online Course 页码,17/22 (or others) for gender-based misunderstandings. which would lead to improved understanding between people. Little girls are said to emphasize "displaying similarities and matching experiences" (lines 38-39) in their conversations. or creating agreement. or feelings of longing for the past. Explanation for Incorrect Answer B : Choice (B) is incorrect. . in their conversations. Lines 36-41 state that instead of seeking to impart information. Explanation for Incorrect Answer A : Choice (A) is incorrect. The author of Passage 2 would most likely challenge the claim made in lines 27-31 of Passage 1 (“The sociolinguistic . it argues for understanding gender-specific communication patterns in order to improve relationships. but with improving the way men and women relate to each other in conversation. girls are interested in establishing rapport. Explanation for Incorrect Answer C : Choice (C) is incorrect.

Explanation for Incorrect Answer E : Choice (E) is incorrect. However. and to focus on those qualities instead of others. (B) They may distort our observations of people we meet. Explanation for Incorrect Answer B : Choice (B) is incorrect. . . The author of Passage 2 would thus argue that children do not grow up in a singlegender culture." so any challenge must address that claim directly. (C) They have been used to justify gender inequality. 19 U nR (A) The sentence in lines 47-48 in Passage 2 (“First .htm 2006-11-12 . The claim made in lines 27-31 of Passage 1 is that "boys and girls grow up in what are essentially different cultures. The author of Passage 2 does not discount sociolinguistic research by suggesting that children deceive adults. when we meet people. er Explanation for Incorrect Answer C : Choice (C) is incorrect. by researchers. According to the author. the author of Passage 2 does not claim that this task is impossible. expectation”) primarily emphasizes which damaging effect of gender stereotypes? They may offend the person being stereotyped. (D) They commonly cause miscommunication between men and women. ANSWERS Explanation for Correct Answer B : Choice (B) is correct. Explanation for Incorrect Answer A : Choice (A) is incorrect. There is no mention in either passage of how the behavior of children has changed in recent years. or objectively.The Official SAT Online Course 页码,18/22 (A) children do not grow up in single-gender cultures (B) children may become skilled at deceiving adults (C) gender differences are impossible to assess scientifically (D) there is less conflict between men and women than sociologists assume (E) children’s behaviors have changed dramatically in recent years ANSWERS AND EXPLANATIONS Explanation for Correct Answer A : Choice (A) is correct. Passage 2 argues that gender differences have not been studied scientifically. but by suggesting that researchers deceive themselves. Neither passage is concerned with changes over time." The author of Passage 2 would not be likely to address this claim by arguing that men and women experience less conflict than some scholars assume. unbiased eye. eg AND EXPLANATIONS is t Explanation for Incorrect Answer D : Choice (D) is incorrect. The author of Passage 2 states that children have "countless experiences communicating with people of both sexes" (line 86). The passage does not mention the feelings of people being stereotyped. In other words. or skew. our view of people. These stereotypes make it difficult to observe people with a fair. (E) They reflect negatively on those who believe in them. they distort. ed file://E:\新建文件夹\c6. gender stereotypes may cause us to look for the qualities we expect those people to have. The claim made in lines 27-31 of Passage 1 is that "boys and girls grow up in what are essentially different cultures. stereotypes "may dictate what we notice and bias our perceptions in the direction of expectation" (lines 47-48).

lines 47-48 refer to the ways gender stereotypes distort people's views of one another. Passage 2 states that gender stereotypes influence our perceptions about others. Explanation for Incorrect Answer B : Choice (B) is incorrect.The Official SAT Online Course 页码,19/22 Explanation for Incorrect Answer C : Choice (C) is incorrect. Explanation for Incorrect Answer D : Choice (D) is incorrect. Passage 2 does not mention the use of stereotypes to justify unequal treatment of men and women. This author is concerned about the harm done by gender stereotypes. Explanation for Incorrect Answer E : Choice (E) is incorrect. The dissatisfied women and men mentioned in line 19 most likely do not assume that gender differences account for their misunderstandings. Explanation for Incorrect Answer C : Choice (C) is incorrect. Both want "to elucidate gender differences in order to help women and men understand and respond to each other better. to show ways in which men and women are different. The "researchers" in Passage 2 are trying to help such people. however. This scholar's idea is very different from the claim of the researchers mentioned in lines 48-51: that acknowledging gender differences will help men and women communicate." As the author of Passage 1 states. . The author of Passage 2 may believe that miscommunication between men and women can be caused by stereotyping. The research work described in lines 48-51 assumes that there are gender differences and asks that they be acknowledged. "it is clear to me that recognizing gender differences in conversational styles would free individuals from the burden of an inappropriate sense of being at fault" (lines 16-18). The assumptions of the researchers mentioned in lines 48-51 are very similar to those of the author of Passage 1. Explanation for Incorrect Answer E : Choice (E) is incorrect.htm 2006-11-12 . or unwilling. It does not discuss what these stereotypes reveal about those who believe in them. . masculine”) primarily serves to introduce a personal experience (B) provide a typical example (C) elaborate on an idea (D) signal a change in topic eg is t Explanation for Correct Answer D : Choice (D) is correct. The "scholars" in line 2 are reluctant. The quotation in lines 66-69 (“None . The author of Passage 2 does not assume that acknowledging gender differences will help men and women communicate. The "noted scholar" mentioned in line 66 does not assume that gender differences determine the way a person acts. 20 The assumptions underlying the research work described in lines 48-51 of Passage 2 are most similar to the assumptions held by the (A) “scholars” in line 2 (B) “women and men” in line 19 (C) “noted scholar” in line 66 (D) author of Passage 1 (E) author of Passage 2 ANSWERS AND EXPLANATIONS U 21 nR (A) Explanation for Incorrect Answer A : Choice (A) is incorrect. er ed file://E:\新建文件夹\c6.

The scholars discussed in Passage 2 study children's behavior and attitudes toward each other. The quotation is not about someone's personal experience. by pointing out that "in particular contexts people do feminine. Passage 2 does not say anything about children who are eager to interact with strangers. Passage 2 does not suggest that children in the studies eg i (A) readiness to interact with strangers is apparent AND EXPLANATIONS st 22 er 2006-11-12 file://E:\新建文件夹\c6. The sentence preceding the quote argues that we need to think of gender "as something people do in social interaction" (lines 65-66). some scholars are "singling out those children who fit common gender stereotypes and marginalizing others" (lines 78-80). The quotation. Passage 2 suggests that some scholars construct “a contrasting picture of the cultures of boys and girls” (lines 77-78) by studying children whose (B) demand for approval from adults is particularly strong (C) rebellion against authority results in creative behavior U nR (E) (D) personalities are highly idiosyncratic actions correspond to a narrow preconception of behavior ANSWERS Explanation for Correct Answer E : Choice (E) is correct. Explanation for Incorrect Answer D : Choice (D) is incorrect. Even though this is a quotation by a "noted scholar. not toward adults or figures of authority. there is no mention of rebellion or creative behavior in Passage 2. Explanation for Incorrect Answer A : Choice (A) is incorrect. it is a generalization. According to Passage 2. Furthermore.htm ed . Instead of signaling a new topic. in the attempt to highlight the differences between boys and girls. or "narrow preconceptions of behavior. By studying children who tend to behave according to stereotypes. Explanation for Incorrect Answer C : Choice (C) is incorrect. or broad idea." those scholars can construct a picture that highlights the differences in the cultures of boys and girls. in others. Explanation for Incorrect Answer D : Choice (D) is incorrect. Explanation for Incorrect Answer B : Choice (B) is incorrect." it does not mention any recent research data. Explanation for Incorrect Answer B : Choice (B) is incorrect. The quotation does not provide any kind of example. Explanation for Incorrect Answer A : Choice (A) is incorrect. Explanation for Incorrect Answer E : Choice (E) is incorrect. it is a statement about people's experiences in general. they do masculine. Passage 2 does not suggest that scholars study children who are in strong need of approval from adults." elaborates on the idea that people's behavior is determined by situation rather than by gender.The Official SAT Online Course 页码,20/22 (E) offer recent research data ANSWERS AND EXPLANATIONS Explanation for Correct Answer C : Choice (C) is correct. this quotation extends the topic: the idea that gender is "something people do" that varies with the situation.

actually "have countless experiences communicating with people of both sexes" (lines 86-87). U 24 nR (A) Explanation for Incorrect Answer D : Choice (D) is incorrect. The passage doesn't say whether these children get along with their peers. states that gender eg is AND EXPLANATIONS te Explanation for Incorrect Answer A : Choice (A) is incorrect.The Official SAT Online Course 页码,21/22 have highly idiosyncratic personalities. not according to gender. Which of the following best characterizes the ideas about gender communication styles as they are presented in the two passages? Passage 1 argues that styles are based on competition.htm 2006-11-12 ." or make fun of. and we need to identify and understand them" (lines 10-12). ANSWERS Explanation for Correct Answer D : Choice (D) is correct. while Passage 2 indicates that their patterns become obvious upon closer scrutiny." or fit in with. the author states that the studies focus on children who fit common gender stereotypes while ignoring children who do not act in expected ways. The author states: "I believe that there are gender differences in ways of speaking. while Passage 2 suggests that they are a form of cooperation. Caring for younger siblings and displaying dominance or deference might be adult behaviors that these children are imitating. re d Explanation for Correct Answer C : Choice (C) is correct. (E) Passage 1 states that styles are random. or that they have very particular individual characteristics. 23 The author of Passage 2 implies that the “boys” mentioned in line 81 and the “child” mentioned in line 90 resemble one another in that they (A) have not learned to imitate adult behaviors (B) refuse to get along with their peers (C) do not conform to traditional gender stereotypes (D) openly mock adult expectations about their behavior (E) communicate primarily with children of their own gender ANSWERS AND EXPLANATIONS Explanation for Incorrect Answer B : Choice (B) is incorrect. The author's main point is that they do not act according to gender stereotypes. The passage suggests that these children. The "boys who excel at caring for younger siblings" are demonstrating a quality more associated with girls. while Passage 2 implies that they can help facilitate relationships between men and women. (B) Passage 1 argues that styles are a burden. while Passage 2 suggests that they are whimsical. the child who displays dominance with a younger playmate and shows deference to an older friend is behaving according to the situation. Passage 2. On the contrary. (D) Passage 1 suggests that styles are constant. communication styles are determined by gender and are thus constant and predictable. or that they are paying attention to adults at all. Explanation for Incorrect Answer E : Choice (E) is incorrect. while Passage 2 argues that they are fluid. Likewise. (C) Passage 1 claims that styles are semantic. on the other hand. the author implies. adults' expectations of them. traditional gender stereotypes. There is nothing to suggest that these children "mock. According to Passage 1. like most children. The author cites these children as examples of children who do not "conform to. file://E:\新建文件夹\c6.

However. but that they are determined by gender. In Passage 1. it points out that thinking in terms of "differences rather than similarities" is not helpful. However. Passage 1 does not state that conversational styles are random. This has nothing to with conversational styles being whimsical.htm 2006-11-12 . All rights reserved. Passage 2 argues against the existence of gender specific styles altogether. is te Back to Score Report re Explanation for Incorrect Answer E : Choice (E) is incorrect. Passage 2 argues that closer scrutiny will show that styles of behavior in general are less dependent on gender than is commonly supposed. Passage 2 argues that people act and speak according to what they have learned to do in different situations. Explanation for Incorrect Answer B : Choice (B) is incorrect. or a result of chance.The Official SAT Online Course communication styles are fluid and change according to the individual and the situation: "people display contradictory behaviors as they encounter different social norms and pressures" (lines 69-70). Furthermore. Privacy Policy Terms of Use Contact Us file://E:\新建文件夹\c6. and Passage 2 does not suggest that all conversational styles are a form of cooperation. Passage 1 does not argue that all styles are based on competition. but rather that understanding them can help improve understanding between men and women. Passage 1 does not argue that styles are a burden. in that they have to do with meaning in language. 页码,22/22 Explanation for Incorrect Answer A : Choice (A) is incorrect. Explanation for Incorrect Answer C : Choice (C) is incorrect. d U nR eg Copyright © 2006 The College Board. Passage 1 does claim that styles are semantic. the author mentions that boys tend to make competitive statements of achievement.

If then would be equal to instead of the given value of U Explanation for Incorrect Answer D : Choice (D) is not correct. If were then would be equal to instead of the given value of Explanation for Incorrect Answer E : then were Choice (E) is not correct.htm 2006-11-12 . file://E:\新建文件夹\c7. If eg i were st then er would be equal to instead of the given value of nR Explanation for Incorrect Answer C : Choice (C) is not correct. If would be equal to instead of the given value of 2 In the triangle above.The Official SAT Online Course 页码,1/16 Help | Profile | My Organizer | My Bookmarks | Logout Answers and Explanations Test Sections Back to Score Report Section 1 View Answers and Explanations Online . If ed then ANSWERS AND EXPLANATIONS and Explanation for Incorrect Answer A : were Choice (A) is not correct.Practice Test #3 Section 2 Section 3 Section 4 1 If (A) (B) then Section 5 Section 7 Section 8 Section 9 (C) Section 10 (D) (E) Explanation for Correct Answer B : Choice (B) is correct.

If instead of d If the rate continues then where x is the number of lawn mowers produced when exactly of them are defective. This choice is the number of lawn mowers produced in a were defective. Explanation for Incorrect Answer B : Choice (B) is not correct. If re instead of Explanation for Incorrect Answer C : then the sum of the angles in the given were Choice (C) is not correct. If triangle would be instead of Explanation for Incorrect Answer B : then the sum of the angles in the given were Choice (B) is not correct. Since the rate of defective mower production was defective mowers out of the production of only lawn mowers would result in fewer than defective mowers.htm 2006-11-12 . At this rate. how many lawn mowers were produced during a period in lawn mowers were defective? which exactly (B) (C) (D) (E) ANSWERS Explanation for Correct Answer D : Choice (D) is correct. The rate of defective mower production is eg AND EXPLANATIONS is te which reduces to Explanation for Incorrect Answer E : then the sum of the angles in the given were Choice (E) is not correct. The sum of the interior angles of a triangle is Solving for gives Explanation for Incorrect Answer A : then the sum of the angles in the given were Choice (A) is not correct.The Official SAT Online Course 页码,2/16 (A) (B) (C) (D) (E) ANSWERS AND EXPLANATIONS So Explanation for Correct Answer D : Choice (D) is correct. Solving for gives Explanation for Incorrect Answer A : Choice (A) is not correct. The question asked for the number of period in which exactly file://E:\新建文件夹\c7. exactly For every defective. If triangle would be instead of triangle would be triangle would be 3 U nR (A) are lawn mowers produced by a lawn mower factory.

There were . If the value of were equal to then which is not equal to the given value of Explanation for Incorrect Answer E : Choice (E) is not correct.The Official SAT Online Course 页码,3/16 lawn mowers produced in a period in which exactly were defective. If the value of were equal to then which is not equal to the given value of U Explanation for Incorrect Answer D : Choice (D) is not correct. Which file://E:\新建文件夹\c7.htm 2006-11-12 . Explanation for Incorrect Answer C : lawn mowers were produced. If the value of eg is te Thus. then the number Choice (C) is not correct. and were equal to then which is not equal to the given value of nR Explanation for Incorrect Answer C : Choice (C) is not correct. If the value of were equal to then which is not equal to the given value of 5 about point The figure above will be rotated of the following represents the rotated figure? in the direction indicated. so lawn mowers would include defective ones. The question asked for the number of lawn mowers produced in a period in which exactly were defective. 4 If (A) (B) what is the value of (C) (D) (E) ANSWERS AND EXPLANATIONS is the same as Explanation for Correct Answer B : re d So. If of defective mowers would be The question asked for the number of lawn mowers produced in a period in which exactly were defective. Explanation for Incorrect Answer E : defective mowers per Choice (E) is not correct. Explanation for Incorrect Answer A : Choice (A) is not correct. Choice (B) is correct.

U 6 nR Explanation for Incorrect Answer C : Choice (C) is not correct. This figure would result from rotating the original figure in the opposite direction from that indicated in the question.The Official SAT Online Course 页码,4/16 (A) (B) (C) (D) (E) ANSWERS AND EXPLANATIONS Explanation for Correct Answer A : d of direction indicated. This is the result of rotating the figure about in the Choice (B) is correct. Since it follows that percent is Thus. This figure would result from rotating the original figure in the direction indicated. about more than Explanation for Incorrect Answer E : Choice (E) is not correct.htm 2006-11-12 . about less than eg about in the direction indicated. is what is is Explanation for Incorrect Answer B : Choice (B) is not correct. This figure would result from rotating the original figure in the direction indicated. This figure would result from rotating the original figure If is (A) percent of (B) (C) (D) (E) ANSWERS AND EXPLANATIONS Explanation for Correct Answer B : te or re percent of of Choice (A) is correct. percent of is which is file://E:\新建文件夹\c7. about Explanation for Incorrect Answer D : Choice (D) is not correct.

file://E:\新建文件夹\c7. There are four ways to get from miles. Though percent of the question asks for Explanation for Incorrect Answer C : is Choice (C) is not correct. If the miles. Explanation for Incorrect Answer B : but the question Choice (B) is not correct. then miles.htm 2006-11-12 . and the arrows show the only directions in which travel is permitted on the roads. the numbers represent road distances in miles. starting out traveling eg i In the diagram of roads above. There is a route that has length asked for the difference between the longest route and the shortest route. Though percent is the question asked for the value of percent of 10. then is to route from AND EXPLANATIONS The longest way is miles. Though percent of and is the value of the question asked for percent of not of . The shortest st er miles. and if the length of the shortest is to length of the longest route from miles. So the difference between the longest route and the shortest route is Explanation for Incorrect Answer A : Choice (A) is not correct. then ed way is miles.The Official SAT Online Course 页码,5/16 Explanation for Incorrect Answer A : is the value of Choice (A) is not correct. This is the length of the shortest route. Explanation for Incorrect Answer E : Choice (E) is not correct. This is the length of the longest route. and then miles. starting out traveling miles. Since is or of it follows that percent is However. but the question asked for the difference between the longest route and the shortest route. then miles. is not of 7 U nR (B) (C) (D) (E) (A) ANSWERS Explanation for Correct Answer E : to Choice (E) is correct. Explanation for Incorrect Answer D : Choice (D) is not correct. but the question asked for the difference between the longest route and the shortest route. Explanation for Incorrect Answer C : Choice (C) is not correct.

The length of the longest route is and the length of the shortest route is so the difference is not 8 (not shown) is perpendicular to In the figure above. The midpoint of is the point The line containing and the point would bisect but would not be perpendicular to file://E:\新建文件夹\c7.The Official SAT Online Course 页码,6/16 Explanation for Incorrect Answer D : Choice (D) is not correct. The midpoint of is the point The line containing and the point would bisect but would not be perpendicular to Explanation for Incorrect Answer E : Choice (E) is not correct. The midpoint of segment ed is (C) The slope of segment eg is so a perpendicular line will go through the point and will have a slope Using the point-slope form of the equation of a line. The coordinates define point If was on line . line Which of the following points lies on line (A) (B) and bisects (D) (E) ANSWERS AND EXPLANATIONS Explanation for Correct Answer D : is te r or Choice (D) is correct.htm 2006-11-12 . line is described by the equation The only answer choice with the U nR coordinate equal to the coordinate is Explanation for Incorrect Answer A : Choice (A) is not correct. The midpoint of is the point The line containing and the point would bisect but would not be perpendicular to Explanation for Incorrect Answer C : Choice (C) is not correct. then would not bisect since it would go through one of the endpoints of Explanation for Incorrect Answer B : Choice (B) is not correct.

The Official SAT Online Course

页码,7/16

9

If
(A)
(B)
(C)
(D)
(E)

and

what is the value of

ANSWERS

AND EXPLANATIONS
can be expressed as

Explanation for Correct Answer A :

Choice (A) is correct. The number

so the equation

can be rewritten as

Thus,

The numeric value of

can

now be substituted into the second equation, which yields

Solving for

it

follows that

Explanation for Incorrect Answer B :

st er e
were equal to

d
then

Choice (B) is not correct. If

would be

and

Explanation for Incorrect Answer C :

Choice (C) is not correct. If

were equal to

then

would be

and

Explanation for Incorrect Answer D :

eg i

U

nR

Choice (D) is not correct. If

were equal to

then

would be

and

Explanation for Incorrect Answer E :

Choice (E) is not correct. If

were equal to

then

would be

and

10

What is the radius of a circle whose circumference is
(A)
(B)
(C)
(D)
(E)

ANSWERS

AND EXPLANATIONS
where

Explanation for Correct Answer A : Choice (A) is correct. The formula for the circumference of a circle is

is the radius of the circle. In this case,

which simplifies to

file://E:\新建文件夹\c7.htm

2006-11-12

The Official SAT Online Course

页码,8/16

Explanation for Incorrect Answer B : Choice (B) is not correct. If the radius of the circle were

then the circumference

would be

instead of

Explanation for Incorrect Answer C : Choice (C) is not correct. If the radius of the circle were

then the circumference

would be

instead of

Explanation for Incorrect Answer D : Choice (D) is not correct. If the radius of the circle were

then the circumference

would be

instead of

Explanation for Incorrect Answer E : Choice (E) is not correct. If the radius of the circle were

then the circumference

would be

instead of

11

How many of the prime factors of
(A)

are greater than

(B)

Two

(D) Four

ANSWERS

Explanation for Correct Answer B :

eg is

(E)

Five

AND EXPLANATIONS
Of these

Choice (B) is correct. The prime factorization of thirty is

U

nR

three prime factors, only two are greater than

Explanation for Incorrect Answer A : are prime factors of and Choice (A) is not correct. Both Hence, more than one prime factor is greater than than

te
that are greater

(C) Three

Explanation for Incorrect Answer C : does have three prime factors, the question Choice (C) is not correct. While asks how many of its prime factors are greater than

Explanation for Incorrect Answer D : only has three prime factors, so it Choice (D) is not correct. The number cannot have four prime factors that are greater than two.

Explanation for Incorrect Answer E : only has three prime factors, so it cannot Choice (E) is not correct. The number have five prime factors that are greater than two.

12

re
numbers above is

One

d
what is

If the average (arithmetic mean) of the of

in terms

file://E:\新建文件夹\c7.htm

2006-11-12

The Official SAT Online Course

页码,9/16

(A)

(B)
(C)

(D)
(E)

ANSWERS

AND EXPLANATIONS
it

Explanation for Correct Answer E : Choice (E) is correct. Since the arithmetic mean of the three numbers is

follows that

This simplifies to

or

Explanation for Incorrect Answer A : were equal to Choice (A) is not correct. If

then the average of the three

numbers would be

However, the average of

and

is

Explanation for Incorrect Answer B :

re

d
were equal to

Choice (B) is not correct. If

then the average of

and

te is
is

would be

However, the average of

and

is

eg

Explanation for Incorrect Answer C : were equal to Choice (C) is not correct. If

then the average of the three

numbers would be

However, the average of

nR

and

Explanation for Incorrect Answer D :

Choice (D) is not correct. If

were equal to

then the average of

and

U

would be

However, the average of

and

is

13

and the difference between any In the increasing sequence above, the first term is What is the value of the fourth term in the sequence? two consecutive terms is

(A)
(B)

(C)

(D)
(E)

ANSWERS

AND EXPLANATIONS

file://E:\新建文件夹\c7.htm

2006-11-12

If the value of the fourth term were then the value of and the second term instead of Let the function f be defined by what is the value of (B) (C) U nR (D) (E) ANSWERS Explanation for Correct Answer E : eg AND EXPLANATIONS (A) Choice (E) is correct. this would make the difference between the second and third consecutive terms instead of the third term would be If would be This would mean the difference between the second and third consecutive terms was 14 is te r If then ed then Explanation for Incorrect Answer E : Choice (E) is not correct. which is not Explanation for Incorrect Answer B : Choice (B) is not correct. This choice is the value of the third term. If or Solving for gives . the first term.The Official SAT Online Course 页码,10/16 Explanation for Correct Answer C : Choice (C) is correct. This choice is the value of equal to the fourth term. If the difference between any two consecutive terms is then the fourth term is equal to the third term plus or Also. If the value of the fourth term were then the value of the third term would be If then making the second term However. If then Explanation for Incorrect Answer C : Choice (C) is not correct. If then Explanation for Incorrect Answer B : were equal to Choice (B) is not correct. which is not equal to the fourth term. the first term subtracted from the second term must be equal to So which simplifies to Thus. the fourth term is Explanation for Incorrect Answer A : Choice (A) is not correct.htm 2006-11-12 . Explanation for Incorrect Answer A : were equal to Choice (A) is not correct. Explanation for Incorrect Answer D : Choice (D) is not correct. If were equal to then file://E:\新建文件夹\c7.

the ceiling and door. are completely painted. Explanation for Incorrect Answer B : Choice (B) is not correct. Since the volume of a cube is cubic meters. If the volume of the room were eg is te r cubic meters. then the length of each edge of the room would be meters and the area of the five painted surfaces would be square meters instead of the square meters given in the problem. If Solving for gives the storage room is Explanation for Incorrect Answer A : Choice (A) is not correct. Explanation for Incorrect Answer E : Choice (E) is not correct. including a In a windowless. then the length of each edge of the room would be meters and the area of the five painted surfaces would be square meters instead of the square meters given in the problem. If then 15 walls. what is the volume of the room. 16 file://E:\新建文件夹\c7. If the painted area is equal to square meters. then meters and the area of the five square meters instead of the cubic meters. The area of five of the six square surfaces inside the room is represents the length in meters of each edge of the square meters. it follows that the volume of the length of each edge of the room would be painted surfaces would be nR square meters given in the problem. cube-shaped storage room. in cubic meters? (A) (B) (C) (D) (E) ANSWERS AND EXPLANATIONS Explanation for Correct Answer C : Choice (C) is correct. then the area of each of the surfaces is and meters.htm 2006-11-12 . The floor is not painted. Explanation for Incorrect Answer D : Choice (D) is not correct. If the volume of the room were U the length of each edge of the room would be painted surfaces would be square meters given in the problem. then meters and the area of the five square meters instead of the cubic meters. the length of any of its edges raised to the third power. If the volume of the room were ed square surfaces.The Official SAT Online Course 页码,11/16 Explanation for Incorrect Answer D : were equal to Choice (D) is not correct. If the volume of the room were cubic meters.

Explanation for Incorrect Answer C : Choice (C) is not correct. If the temperature in Celsius increased by the increase in the Fahrenheit temperature would have been degrees. every eg -degree nR change on the Celsius scale results in a -degree change on the Fahrenheit scale. not degrees. U Explanation for Incorrect Answer D : Choice (D) is not correct. the increase in the Fahrenheit temperature would have been degrees. a change of temperature of degrees Fahrenheit corresponds to a change of temperature of degrees Celsius.The Official SAT Online Course 页码,12/16 According to the formula if the temperature in degrees Fahrenheit increases by by how much does the temperature in degrees Celsius increase? (A) (B) (C) (D) (E) ANSWERS AND EXPLANATIONS Explanation for Correct Answer B : in the formula given. From the formula given in the problem. From the formula given in the problem. From the formula given in the problem. not degrees. If the temperature in Celsius increased by the increase in the Fahrenheit temperature would have been degrees. every re d -degree -degree change on the Fahrenheit scale. every -degree change on the Celsius scale results in a -degree change on the Fahrenheit scale. Therefore. Explanation for Incorrect Answer E : Choice (E) is not correct. every -degree change on the Celsius scale results in a -degree change on the Fahrenheit scale. 17 For all values of let be defined by Which of the following is file://E:\新建文件夹\c7. gives that Choice (B) is correct. not degrees. Solving for Every -degree change on the Fahrenheit scale results in a - degree change on the Celsius scale. From the formula given in the problem.htm 2006-11-12 . not degrees. change on the Celsius scale results in a is If the temperature in Celsius increased by te Explanation for Incorrect Answer A : Choice (A) is not correct. If the temperature in Celsius increased by the increase in the Fahrenheit temperature would have been degrees.

from the original definition. from the original definition. 18 If three different circles are drawn on a piece of paper. and Explanation for Incorrect Answer E : Choice (E) is not correct. Since the definition for holds for all values of it have to be equal to and eg Explanation for Incorrect Answer B : is te and must hold for so if were equal to then would However. Choice (B) is not correct.htm 2006-11-12 .The Official SAT Online Course 页码,13/16 equal to (A) (B) (C) (D) (E) ANSWERS AND EXPLANATIONS it follows that Explanation for Correct Answer D : Choice (D) is correct. Since the definition for holds for all values of it must hold for so if were equal to then would have to be equal to However. from the original definition. Since the definition for holds for all values of it must hold for so if were equal to then would have to be equal to However. and Explanation for Incorrect Answer C : U Choice (C) is not correct. Since Explanation for Incorrect Answer A : re d Choice (A) is not correct. from the original definition. at most how many points can be common to all three? (A) None (B) One (C) Two (D) Three file://E:\新建文件夹\c7. Since the definition for holds for all values of it must hold for so if were equal to then nR would have to be equal to However.

over the is Explanation for Incorrect Answer E : Choice (E) is not correct. all three circles would not have all six points in common. Though there are three circles. Though three circles can cross at only one point. - day period. An illustration of this is shown in the figure. See the explanation for the correct answer. Since there are members. See the explanation for the correct answer. at those two places. Since two circles can only meet at two distinct points. and each member sells days? members to sell for supply enough candy bars for (C) (D) (E) ANSWERS Explanation for Correct Answer E : Choice (E) is correct.htm 2006-11-12 . te r boxes. Though the maximum number of points of intersection common to two of the three circles could be six. Explanation for Incorrect Answer D : Choice (D) is not correct. If each box contains bars each day. a third circle can coincide with the other two. See the explanation for the correct answer. Explanation for Incorrect Answer A : Choice (A) is not correct. 19 U nR (A) (B) A club is buying boxes of candy bars to sell for a fund-raiser. the circles can have at most two points in common. at most. Candy bars come in boxes with bars in each box.The Official SAT Online Course 页码,14/16 (E) Six ANSWERS AND EXPLANATIONS Explanation for Correct Answer C : Choice (C) is correct. how many boxes are needed to candy bars. ed Explanation for Incorrect Answer B : Choice (B) is not correct. the question asks for the most points they can have in common. boxes would contain candy file://E:\新建文件夹\c7. each member will sell candy bars. a total of candy bars is needed. Two different circles can cross in at most two places. Since each member sells eg AND EXPLANATIONS candy bars a day. There can be at least one in common because three circles can all share the same point. so the group needs Explanation for Incorrect Answer A : Choice (A) is not correct.

each of the members will sell candy bars so only candy bars are needed. boxes would contain only candy bars. However. However. each of the members will sell candy bars so candy bars are needed. over the -day period. the coordinates of are is to be chosen at random. over the -day period. If the probability nR that the point will be in the shaded triangle is U (A) (B) (C) (D) (E) ANSWERS AND EXPLANATIONS Explanation for Correct Answer C : Choice (C) is correct. eg i A point in square st er In the figure above. over the -day period. then so ed are 20 and the coordinates of what is the value of The base of the triangle is and the height of the triangle is Using the formula for the area of a triangle. boxes would contain only candy bars. Explanation for Incorrect Answer D : Choice (D) is not correct. boxes would contain candy bars. Explanation for Incorrect Answer C : Choice (C) is not correct. However. each of the members will sell candy bars so candy bars are needed. However. over the -day period. each of the members will sell candy bars so candy bars are needed.The Official SAT Online Course 页码,15/16 bars. The probability that a point chosen at random from the square is in the shaded triangle is equal to the ratio of the area of the triangle to If A is the area of the square.htm 2006-11-12 . Explanation for Incorrect Answer B : Choice (B) is not correct. it follows that so file://E:\新建文件夹\c7. The area of the square is the area of the triangle.

the square has area and is not of Explanation for Incorrect Answer B : Choice (B) is not correct. the point is to the right of the origin. The base of the triangle is and the height of the triangle is If were then the area of the triangle would be and this area should represent of the area of the square. Privacy Policy Terms of Use Contact Us U file://E:\新建文件夹\c7. then the area of the triangle would be and this area should represent of the area of is t the square. However. the square has area and is not of nR eg Back to Score Report Copyright © 2006 The College Board. The base of the triangle is and the height of the triangle is If were then the area of the triangle would be and this area should represent of the area of the square. However.The Official SAT Online Course 页码,16/16 Explanation for Incorrect Answer A : Choice (A) is not correct. The base of the triangle is er If and the height of the triangle is ed were negative. If the value of were equal to then the - coordinate of point would be However. All rights reserved. so the -coordinate of point can not be Explanation for Incorrect Answer E : Choice (E) is not correct. the square has area and is not of Explanation for Incorrect Answer D : Choice (D) is not correct. However.htm 2006-11-12 .

Practice Test #3 Section 2 Section 3 Section 4 1 Section 5 Originally ------. U nR Explanation for Incorrect Answer C : Choice (C) is incorrect. rap music was ultimately relinquished by its appreciative listeners of all ages across the country." The phrase "appreciative listeners of all ages" indicates that rap music's fan base expanded from what it was "originally. (A) Section 7 admired . relinquished (E) applauded . urban audiences. ignored (D) appropriated . "Relinquished" means abandoned. the sentence would read "Originally derided mainly by young. condemned Section 9 Section 10 (C) derided . . . connotation. eg is Explanation for Correct Answer A : Choice (A) is correct. Audiences do not typically perform music." The correct response is the only one in which both missing terms have a positive meaning." The phrase "appreciative listeners of all ages" indicates that rap music's fan base expanded from what it was "originally. "Condemned" means disapproved of. Both "admired" and "embraced" are positive terms. "Appropriated" means something is taken and used.htm 2006-11-12 . the sentence would read "Originally performed mainly by young." The phrase "appreciative listeners of all ages" indicates that rap music's fan base expanded from what it was "originally. If one were to insert these terms into the text. If one were to insert these terms into the text. "Derided" means ridiculed. rap music was ultimately ignored by its appreciative listeners of all ages across the country.The Official SAT Online Course 页码,1/16 Help | Profile | My Organizer | My Bookmarks | Logout Answers and Explanations Test Sections Back to Score Report Section 1 View Answers and Explanations Online . urban audiences. te re d ANSWERS AND EXPLANATIONS file://E:\新建文件夹\c8. indicating that the appreciation began with one group and expanded to include a much larger group. instigated Explanation for Incorrect Answer B : Choice (B) is incorrect. and listeners would not be described as appreciative of something they are condemning." The correct response is the only one in which both missing terms have a positive meaning. Music would not be both appreciated and ignored by the same group of listeners. urban audiences. "Embraced" means held closely." The correct response is the only one in which both missing terms have a positive meaning. "Ignored" means disregarded." The correct response is the only one in which both missing terms have a positive meaning. rap music was ultimately ------by its appreciative listeners of all ages across the country. rap music was ultimately condemned by its appreciative listeners of all ages across the country. the sentence would read "Originally appropriated mainly by young. Listeners would not relinquish the music they appreciate. urban audiences. . indicating that the appreciation began with one group and expanded to include a much larger group. Both "derided" and "ignored" have a negative. embraced Section 8 (B) performed . If one were to insert these terms into the text. the sentence would read "Originally admired mainly by young. not a positive. If one were to insert these terms into the text. rap music was ultimately embraced by its appreciative listeners of all ages across the country. . indicating that the appreciation began with one group and expanded to include a much larger group. indicating that the appreciation began with one group and expanded to include a much larger group.mainly by young. Explanation for Incorrect Answer D : Choice (D) is incorrect. "Admired" means thought highly of. . "Performed" means acted out or achieved." The phrase "appreciative listeners of all ages" indicates that rap music's fan base expanded from what it was "originally. urban audiences.

an avenger (C) insolence ." The phrase "appreciative listeners of all ages" indicates that rap music's fan base expanded from what it was "originally. . "Modesty" means humility." The correct response for the second missing term will be the result of Professor Green's feelings as described in the first missing term. the sentence would read "Originally applauded mainly by young. described himself to his colleagues as an avenger. the author of several highly respected books in his field. the sentence would read "It was out of insolence that Professor Green. ." The correct response for the second missing term will be the result of Professor Green's feelings eg is te Explanation for Correct Answer E : Choice (E) is correct. "An apprentice" is a beginning learner. "Magnanimity" means forgiving. Professor Green would not describe himself as a paragon. If one were to insert these terms into the text. described himself to his colleagues as -------. the author of several highly respected books in his field. "A dilettante" is someone who merely dabbles in a subject." The correct response for the second missing term will be the result of Professor Green's feelings as described in the first missing term. If one were to insert these terms into the text. If one were to insert these terms into the text. "Instigated" means provoked. "Applauded" means approved of. it would not be as a result of insolence. described himself to his colleagues as a dilettante. the author of several highly respected books in his field. proclaiming his excellence. If one were to insert these terms into the text. Explanation for Incorrect Answer D : Choice (D) is incorrect. described himself to his colleagues as an apprentice. the sentence would read "It was out of magnanimity that Professor Green. (A) embarrassment . as a result of his embarrassment." The correct response is the only one in which both missing terms have a positive meaning. . the author of several highly respected books in his field. "A paragon" is a model of excellence. the sentence would read "It was out of embarrassment that Professor Green.that Professor Green. Because Professor Green is highly respected in his field. an apprentice (E) modesty ." The correct response for the second missing term will be the result of Professor Green's feelings as described in the first missing term. "A pedant" is someone overly concerned with the formal rules of his field of knowledge. urban audiences. indicating that the appreciation began with one group and expanded to include a much larger group. Professor Green cannot be both an avenger and magnanimous. rap music was ultimately instigated by its appreciative listeners of all ages across the country.htm 2006-11-12 . . the author of several highly respected books in his field.The Official SAT Online Course 页码,2/16 Explanation for Incorrect Answer E : Choice (E) is incorrect. "Embarrassment" means self-consciousness. he describes himself at less than his true value. re d file://E:\新建文件夹\c8. Explanation for Incorrect Answer C : Choice (C) is incorrect. or someone overly concerned with the formal rules of his field of knowledge. 2 It was out of ------. Professor Green would be unlikely to describe himself as a pedant. a dilettante ANSWERS AND EXPLANATIONS U Explanation for Incorrect Answer A : Choice (A) is incorrect. his description of himself as a dilettante is simply modest. "An avenger" is one who seeks revenge." The correct response for the second missing term will be the result of Professor Green's feelings as described in the first missing term. however. "Insolence" means disrespect. If one were to insert these terms into the text. Listeners would not have instigated rap music. described himself to his colleagues as a pedant. the author of several highly respected books in his field. described himself to his colleagues as a paragon. . the sentence would read "It was out of egotism that Professor Green. a pedant (D) egotism . If one were to insert these terms into the text. the sentence would read "It was out of modesty that Professor Green. "Egotism" means conceit. a paragon (B) magnanimity . If he described himself as a pedant. nR Explanation for Incorrect Answer B : Choice (B) is incorrect.

" The word "contradicted" indicates that the correct response will mean the opposite of championing. ideals. If Professor Green wrote several highly respected books and was egotistical. as when he first championed and then coveted the ideals of the French Revolution. a meticulousness (B) an effrontery (C) an inhibition (D) a litigiousness eg is Explanation for Incorrect Answer A : Choice (A) is incorrect. coveting and championing ideals is not a contradiction. Thus. "Invoked" means to call upon." The word "contradicted" indicates that the correct response will mean the opposite of championing. the sentence would read "Historian Carlo Botta often contradicted himself. If one were to insert this term into the text. He would have conceived them and later championed them. as when he first championed and then invoked the ideals of the French Revolution. "Investigated" means researched. Denouncing ideals is the opposite of championing them. the sentence would read "Historian Carlo Botta often contradicted himself. Botta could not have conceived the ideals of the French Revolution after having championed them. or beginning learner. If one were to insert this term into the text. U 4 nR (A) Explanation for Incorrect Answer B : Choice (B) is incorrect.the ideals of the French Revolution. If one were to insert this term into the text. or supporting. While it might have been better for Botta to investigate the ideals before he championed them. the sentence would read "Historian Carlo Botta often contradicted himself. as when he first championed and then conceived the ideals of the French Revolution. he would hardly describe himself as an apprentice. ideals. If one were to insert this term into the text. "Coveted" means strongly desired." The word "contradicted" indicates that the correct response will mean the opposite of championing. or supporting.The Official SAT Online Course 页码,3/16 as described in the first missing term. (A) invoked (B) investigated (C) conceived (D) coveted (E) denounced ANSWERS AND EXPLANATIONS Explanation for Correct Answer E : Choice (E) is correct. or supporting. as when he first championed and then investigated the ideals of the French Revolution. ideals. If one were to insert this term into the text. or supporting. his investigation doesn't mean he is contradicting himself. ideals. "Denounced" means spoke ill of. however." The word "contradicted" indicates that the correct response will mean the opposite of championing. Luisa worked with extreme precision. as when he first championed and then denounced the ideals of the French Revolution. the sentence would read "Historian Carlo Botta often contradicted himself. ideals. "Conceived" means thought up. 3 Historian Carlo Botta often contradicted himself. Coveting ideals may be odd.htm 2006-11-12 .that served her well in her law career." The word "contradicted" indicates that the correct response will mean the opposite of championing. Explanation for Incorrect Answer C : Choice (C) is incorrect. as when he first championed and then ------. Explanation for Incorrect Answer D : Choice (D) is incorrect. te r ed file://E:\新建文件夹\c8. ------. to do both would be to contradict oneself. For Botta to invoke the Revolution's ideals after having championed them would not be a contradiction. the sentence would read "Historian Carlo Botta often contradicted himself. or supporting.

er e d Explanation for Incorrect Answer C : Choice (C ) is incorrect. but the population has since ------." 5 U nR (A) In 1916 Yellowstone National Park had only 25 bison. the sentence would read "Luisa worked with extreme precision. "Impetuousness" means impulsiveness. If one were to insert this term into the text. If one were to insert this term into the text.to more than 2. AND EXPLANATIONS is t Explanation for Incorrect Answer D : Choice (D) is incorrect." As the sentence makes clear. If one were to insert this term into the text. the correct answer is eg Explanation for Incorrect Answer E : Choice (E) is incorrect. the sentence would read "In 1916 Yellowstone National Park had only 25 bison. an effrontery that served her well in her law career. "Litigiousness" means a tendency to engage in lawsuits. working precisely allowed Luisa to succeed.htm 2006-11-12 . the correct answer is the word that most closely means "increased. "To disperse" means to spread out. If one were to insert this term into the text. "Meticulousness" means excessive care or attention to detail. it does not mean extreme precision. "Effrontery" means offensive boldness. it did not hold her back. the sentence would read "Luisa worked with extreme precision. Explanation for Incorrect Answer A : Choice (A) is incorrect.The Official SAT Online Course 页码,4/16 (E) impetuousness ANSWERS AND EXPLANATIONS Explanation for Correct Answer A : Choice (A) is correct. a litigiousness that served her well in her law career." Explanation for Incorrect Answer B : Choice (B) is incorrect." Working with precision is very different from the type of shameless or offensive behavior that is termed "effrontery. the sentence would read "Luisa worked with extreme precision. "Inhibition" means something that holds a person back. If one were to insert this term into the text." Work that is done on impulse is probably not performed with extreme precision. an impetuousness that served her well in her law career. but the population has since dispersed to more than 2. If one were to insert this term into the text.000. "To burgeon" means to grow and flourish. the sentence would read "Luisa worked with extreme precision.000. the sentence would read "In 1916 Yellowstone National Park had only 25 bison. If one were to insert this term into the text.000. dispersed (B) mediated (C) attenuated (D) burgeoned (E) reconciled ANSWERS Explanation for Correct Answer D : Choice (D) is correct.000." Although "litigious" is a word that would describe a lawyer. file://E:\新建文件夹\c8." A person who works with extreme precision would be properly described as demonstrating "meticulousness. an inhibition that served her well in her law career." Since the park began with 25 bison and now has more than 2. but the population has since burgeoned to more than 2. the sentence would read "Luisa worked with extreme precision." Since the park began with 25 bison and now has more than 2. a meticulousness that served her well in her law career.000." "Burgeoned" and "increased" are similar in meaning.

If one were to insert this term into the text. What happened to the bison population is the opposite of attenuate. he truly deserves to be mollified for his life’s achievements. but the population has since attenuated to more than 2." This sentence makes sense because it states that Drew deserves to be celebrated for his many achievements. Explanation for Incorrect Answer C : Choice (C) is incorrect." However.000. a man of many accomplishments. Explanation for Incorrect Answer D : Choice (D) is incorrect. "Accosted" means approached aggressively. "To mediate" means to settle a dispute between conflicting parties. he truly deserves to be accosted for his life’s achievements. the sentence would read "In 1916 Yellowstone National Park had only 25 bison. If one were to insert this term into the text. "Mollified" means soothed." Since the park began with 25 bison and now has more than 2. "dispersed" and "increased" are not similar in meaning. "mediated" and "increased" are not similar in meaning." However. 6 (A) mollified (B) lionized (C) accosted (D) galvanized (E) vilified U nR ANSWERS Explanation for Correct Answer B : Choice (B) is correct. the correct answer is the word that most closely means "increased. "reconciled" and "increased" are not similar in meaning. If one were to insert this term into the text. eg is te r AND EXPLANATIONS Though surgeon and researcher Charles Drew never enjoyed celebrity. ed file://E:\新建文件夹\c8." However. the correct answer is the word that most closely means "increased. the sentence would read "Though surgeon and researcher Charles Drew never enjoyed celebrity. thus it is unlikely that he would deserve or need to be soothed.000. If one were to insert this term into the text. he truly deserves to be lionized for his life’s achievements. he truly deserves to be ------." This sentence is illogical because it does not explain why Drew. the sentence would read "Though surgeon and researcher Charles Drew never enjoyed celebrity. If one were to insert this term into the text. but the population has since reconciled to more than 2.000.htm 2006-11-12 . "To reconcile" means to adapt or make peace. the sentence would read "Though surgeon and researcher Charles Drew never enjoyed celebrity. "attenuated" and "increased" are not similar in meaning. Explanation for Incorrect Answer E : Choice (E) is incorrect." However. the correct answer is the word that most closely means "increased." Since the park began with 25 bison and now has more than 2. the sentence would read "In 1916 Yellowstone National Park had only 25 bison.000. Explanation for Incorrect Answer C : Choice (C) is incorrect." It is unclear why a man of many achievements would deserve or need to be spurred into action. but the population has since mediated to more than 2.000.000. "Lionized" means celebrated. "Galvanized" means spurred into action." Since the park began with 25 bison and now has more than 2. he truly deserves to be galvanized for his life’s achievements. would deserve to be approached aggressively.The Official SAT Online Course 页码,5/16 the word that most closely means "increased. Explanation for Incorrect Answer B : Choice (B) is incorrect.for his life’s achievements." There is no indication in this sentence that Drew is angry or upset. the sentence would read "Though surgeon and researcher Charles Drew never enjoyed celebrity. "To attenuate" means to lessen in amount or force. Mediation does not describe the bison's increase in population. If one were to insert this term into the text. Explanation for Incorrect Answer A : Choice (A) is incorrect. If one were to insert this term into the text. the sentence would read "In 1916 Yellowstone National Park had only 25 bison.

she insisted. The passage describes one part of a meeting of parents. Her body. this sentence does not mention it. Mama’s eyes glowed. She was a born raconteur." If Drew did anything to deserve harsh criticism. so she made herself happy. She started with the winning— the long. brown and plump and smooth. This time all eyes were on my mother. was shot through with energy. My mother began to tell a story about a science award I had won in third grade. and how the announcer called my name twice because we Line were way at the back and it took me so long to get down 5 those steps. She was also a woman who seldom found new audiences for her anecdotes. with us children. If one were to insert this term into the text. The story the mother recounts at this meeting took place in 1965. made me pack it up to take home. the sentence would read "Though surgeon and researcher Charles Drew never enjoyed celebrity. This time the story had a purpose. and prospective students. he truly deserves to be vilifed for his life’s achievements. her 10 sisters. admissions officers. and she’d emphasized that file://E:\新建文件夹\c8. white staircase in the auditorium.The Official SAT Online Course Explanation for Incorrect Answer E : Choice (E) is incorrect. She told them how my science experiment 15 almost did not get considered in the citywide competition. her grandparents—an entire clan of storytellers competing for a turn on the family stage. angry that I’d forgotten to bring a large box for displaying and storing the experiment. 页码,6/16 The passage below is from a 1991 autobiography that focuses on an African American woman’s adolescent experiences at a prestigious boarding school. "Vilified" means to be criticized harshly. (Our teacher had told us that the boxes were needed to carry the experiments from our 20 class to the U nR exhibition room.htm eg is t er ed 2006-11-12 . able to increase the intensity of her own presence and fill the room. her mother. My thirdgrade teacher.

The Official SAT Online Course

页码,7/16

25

30

U

40

45

nR

eg

35

she would not be responsible for finding thirty boxes on the day of the fair. Without a box, the experiment would have to go home. Other kids, White kids, had forgotten boxes during the week. They’d brought boxes the next day. I asked for the same dispensation, but was denied. The next day was the fair, she said. That was different.) I came out of school carrying the pieces of an experiment my father had picked out for me from a textbook. This was a simple buoyancy experiment where I weighed each object in the air and then in water, to prove they weighed less in water. I had with me the scale, a brick, a piece of wood, a bucket, and a carefully lettered poster. Well, my mother marched me and my armload of buoyant materials right back into school and caught the teacher before she left. The box was the only problem? Just the box? Nothing wrong with the experiment? An excited eight year old had forgotten a lousy, stinking box that you can get from the supermarket and for that, she was out of the running? The teacher said I had to learn to follow directions. My mother argued that I had followed directions by doing the experiment by myself, which was more than you could say for third graders who’d brought dry-cell batteries that lit light bulbs and papiermâché volcanoes that belched colored lava. “Don’t you ever put me in a position like that again,” Mama said when we were out of earshot of the classroom. “You never know who is just waiting for an

is

te re

d

file://E:\新建文件夹\c8.htm

2006-11-12

The Official SAT Online Course

页码,8/16

50

55

65

U

70

75

nR

eg is

te r

60

excuse to shut us out.” We got the box; my experiment went into the fair; I won the prize at school. I won third prize for my age group in the city. When Mama finished her story, my ears began to burn. I could not help but believe that they would see through this transparent plug, and before I had even laid hands on an application. They’d think we were forward and pushy. I forgot, for the moment, how relieved I’d felt when Mama had stood in front of that teacher defending me with a blinding sense of purpose, letting the teacher know that I was not as small and Black and alone as I seemed, that I came from somewhere, and where I came from, she’d better believe, somebody was home. The other mothers nodded approvingly. My father gave me a wide, clever-girl smile. The officials from the school looked at me deadpan. They seemed amused by my embarrassment. The story was an answer (part rebuke and part condolence) to the school stories that the admissions people told, where no parents figured at all. It was a message about her maternal concerns, and a way to prove that racism was not some vanquished enemy, but a real, live person, up in your face, ready, for no apparent reason, to mess with your kid. When I was in third grade, Mama could do her maternal duty and face down a White teacher who would have deprived me of an award. Who at this

ed

file://E:\新建文件夹\c8.htm

2006-11-12

The Official SAT Online Course

页码,9/16

new school would stand up for her child in her stead?
7

In line 11, “competing” portrays the members of the author’s family as
(A)

vying for the mother’s attention

(B)

feeling eager to tell their own stories

(C) taking issue with each other over household duties

(D) selectively sharing information about their experiences

(E)

comparing educational accomplishments

ANSWERS

AND EXPLANATIONS

Explanation for Correct Answer B : Choice (B) is correct. "Eager" means enthusiastic or impatient. The author describes her family as "an entire clan of storytellers competing for a turn on the family stage" (lines 11-12). This sentence indicates that the entire family was "eager" for a chance to tell their stories on the "family stage."

Explanation for Incorrect Answer D : Choice (D) is incorrect. The passage does not indicate that family members were selective about sharing information, only that they competed eagerly to be heard.

8

U

nR
(A)

Explanation for Incorrect Answer E : Choice (E) is incorrect. The passage refers to the family members' desire to have their stories heard, regardless of subject. Further, the only educational accomplishments mentioned are those of the daughter.

The third paragraph (lines 15-27) presents the author’s third-grade teacher as being primarily

critical of the author’s grandiose ambitions

(B)

disillusioned about her students’ lack of interest in science

(C) concerned that children would never develop a sense of decorum

(D) arbitrary in implementing rules affecting the class

(E)

bitter and outspoken about injustices in her school district

ANSWERS

Explanation for Correct Answer D : Choice (D) is correct. The author writes, "Other kids, White kids, had forgotten boxes during the week. They'd brought boxes the next day. I asked for the same dispensation, but was denied" (lines 24-26). According to the passage, the author's third grade teacher arbitrarily made allowances for some students (White students in particular) and not for others.

Explanation for Incorrect Answer A : Choice (A) is incorrect. The third paragraph presents the teacher as critical of the author for not having followed directions, not for having overly grand ambitions.

eg

AND EXPLANATIONS

is t

er

Explanation for Incorrect Answer C : Choice (C) is incorrect. There is no mention of household duties or the family's feelings about them in the passage.

ed

Explanation for Incorrect Answer A : Choice (A) is incorrect. The sentence clearly states that the mother was just one of "an entire clan of storytellers" (line 11). There is no indication that anyone was trying to get her attention.

file://E:\新建文件夹\c8.htm

2006-11-12

namely. Explanation for Incorrect Answer D : Choice (D) is incorrect. The author does not ask to leave school early to look for a box. but to bring a box the next day. not to discuss the experiment with others. Explanation for Incorrect Answer E : Choice (E) is incorrect. re d 2006-11-12 file://E:\新建文件夹\c8." U 10 nR (A) Explanation for Incorrect Answer C : Choice (C) is incorrect. The paragraph doesn't indicate how the teacher feels about her students' interest in science. Nowhere in the passage does the teacher mention her feelings about injustice or about the school district. The sentences immediately preceding line 26 indicate that the author wished to receive the same "dispensation. The child most likely intended to use the “bucket” (line 33) as an object to counterbalance the weight of another object (B) a means of steadying the scale in the experiment (C) a container to carry the other materials for the project (D) a receptacle for the water used in the experiment (E) a way of transporting liquid from place to place ANSWERS Explanation for Correct Answer D : Choice (D) is correct. 9 In line 26. it only indicates to what degree and for which students she is willing to bend her rules. The author has already completed the experiment and does not need "an additional day to complete the experiment. being allowed to bring a box the next day. On the contrary. Explanation for Incorrect Answer C : Choice (C) is incorrect.The Official SAT Online Course 页码,10/16 Explanation for Incorrect Answer B : Choice (B) is incorrect. The passage indicates that the author wants a "dispensation" to bring a box the following day. the author suggests that the teacher herself is guilty of injustice. “dispensation” refers to permission for the author to (A) have an additional day to complete the experiment (B) bring a container for her experiment the next day (C) ask her father to help her design the display (D) leave school early to look for a box (E) discuss her experiment with the other children ANSWERS AND EXPLANATIONS Explanation for Incorrect Answer A : Choice (A) is incorrect. or manners. The teacher does not indicate in the third paragraph or anywhere else in the passage that she is concerned about the students' decorum. The author describes the experiment as a "simple buoyancy eg is AND EXPLANATIONS te Explanation for Correct Answer B : Choice (B) is correct. "Dispensation" means favor or courtesy. Explanation for Incorrect Answer E : Choice (E) is incorrect. given the "White" children.htm . The passage indicates that the dispensation the author is requesting is to bring a box the following day." the same courtesy. not permission to ask her father for help.

This shows the mother's actions as determined and forceful. the bucket is most likely to be used to hold the water that is needed. this does not require liquid to be transported from place to place.The Official SAT Online Course 页码,11/16 experiment" which involves weighing "each object in the air and then in water. The author does not mention the need to steady the scale. the piece of wood or the brick from the list would be more appropriate objects to use to steady a scale. but her attitude is not one of generosity. they are part of an angry response to what she sees as an injustice committed against her daughter. . Explanation for Incorrect Answer B : Choice (B) is incorrect. 11 Lines 34-36 (“Well . The experiment involves weighing particular objects in air and in water (lines 30-32). Explanation for Incorrect Answer A : Choice (A) is incorrect. there is no sign that the mother is weary of standing up for her daughter. The author's statement that "I came out of school carrying the pieces of an experiment" (lines 28-29) suggests that the author does not have a suitable container to carry the materials for the project. The author does not mention the use of objects to counterbalance the weight of other objects. The passage states. Explanation for Incorrect Answer D : Choice (D) is incorrect.htm 2006-11-12 . Because one of the main points of the story is that the author does not have a suitable container for her materials. Explanation for Incorrect Answer A : Choice (A) is incorrect. it is clear that the bucket is not being used for this purpose. The mother is dismayed but hardly overwhelmed. file://E:\新建文件夹\c8. "Righteous indignation" suggests just or correct anger. as her actions in immediately returning to the school to confront the teacher clearly indicate. The mother's decisive action in seeking out the teacher indicates not bewilderment but anger and determination. Explanation for Incorrect Answer C : Choice (C) is incorrect. to prove they weighed less in water" (lines 30-32). Rather. Explanation for Incorrect Answer B : Choice (B) is incorrect. she shows her determination to right a wrong. Further. "Well. The mother is not disappointed but angry and determined to rectify the situation. The experiment calls for weighing objects in water. eg AND EXPLANATIONS is te (A) sudden bewilderment re d Explanation for Incorrect Answer E : Choice (E) is incorrect. Further. Since the experiment calls for weighing objects in water. The mother is certainly protective of her daughter's interests. Explanation for Incorrect Answer C : Choice (C) is incorrect. . left”) portray the mother’s attitude of (B) weary disappointment (C) protective generosity (D) overwhelming dismay (E) righteous indignation U nR ANSWERS Explanation for Correct Answer E : Choice (E) is correct. my mother marched me and my armload of buoyant materials right back into the school" (lines 34-35).

The questions are being asked of the teacher. In line 23. eg Explanation for Incorrect Answer D : Choice (D) is incorrect.The Official SAT Online Course 页码,12/16 12 The mother most probably intended the questions in lines 36-40 to (A) underscore the absurdity of the teacher’s position (B) request clarification from the child about the incident (C) express concern over her daughter’s forgetfulness (D) lessen the child’s preoccupation with how her project would be received (E) help herself understand her child’s defensiveness about the box issue ANSWERS AND EXPLANATIONS Explanation for Correct Answer A : Choice (A) is correct. The mother does not need help understanding her child's defensiveness about the box. a "lousy. since her questions indicate that she finds the issue ridiculous. In line 38. The mother is more interested in securing the author's place in the competition than in reassuring the author about the project's reception. Between the mention of a hypothetical “box” in line 23 and its characterization in line 38. The box is still a requirement. The mother's disdain for the idea that a box alone should keep her daughter's experiment out of the competition indicates that she is not concerned—or at least not interested in expressing concern to the teacher—about her daughter's forgetfulness. Her questions are intended to highlight the "absurdity of the teacher's position. The questions are being put to the teacher and not to the child. it is. the box has changed from a requirement to something that is no longer needed (B) necessity to something that has little inherent value (C) diversion to something that requires a desperate search (D) tool to something that is a source of entertainment (E) puzzle to something that provides clarity and strength ANSWERS Explanation for Correct Answer B : Choice (B) is correct. Explanation for Incorrect Answer A : Choice (A) is incorrect. as the mother sees it. file://E:\新建文件夹\c8. are part of her doubting query." and its degree of importance has shifted from necessary to minor.htm 2006-11-12 . AND EXPLANATIONS is te Explanation for Incorrect Answer C : Choice (C) is incorrect. stinking box" and "for that she was out of the running?" (lines 36-40). The mother's questions." U 13 nR (A) Explanation for Incorrect Answer E : Choice (E) is incorrect. re d Explanation for Incorrect Answer B : Choice (B) is incorrect. as indicated by the fact that the mother and daughter find a box for the experiment materials before the experiment proceeds to the fair. This is clearly shown by the continuing dialogue which occurs between mother and teacher in lines 40-45. stinking box that you can get from the supermarket. "The box was the only problem? Just the box? Nothing wrong with the experiment? An excited eight year old had forgotten a lousy. The mother clearly believes that the teacher has placed undue importance on the box. the box as the teacher sees it is a necessary element for the presentation of the experiment at the science fair.

the word "plug" means promote or boost. the author uses the word “plug” primarily to emphasize her feeling that (A) the conversational void was nearly intolerable (B) the boarding school had been highly overrated (C) her mother had gone too far in promoting her (D) her mother’s words and actions were entirely at odds ANSWERS AND EXPLANATIONS U 15 nR (A) Explanation for Incorrect Answer A : Choice (A) is incorrect. re d (E) the interviewers’ praise would prove to be insincere file://E:\新建文件夹\c8. Explanation for Incorrect Answer B : Choice (B) is incorrect. She worries that this promotion will have the unintended effect of causing the interviewers not to praise her." As the mother points out. a petty impediment to her daughter's potential success. to express her sense that her mother is overpromoting her. as the mother indicates." a word associated with selling a product. The box is never a tool. The author uses the word "plug. In this context. she is embarrassed because her mother is openly promoting her. It is a requirement that later becomes. Explanation for Incorrect Answer D : Choice (D) is incorrect. In line 59. Neither the teacher nor the author considered the box a "diversion. The author uses the word "plug" to describe her feelings about what she sees as her mother's shameless promotion. Explanation for Incorrect Answer E : Choice (E) is incorrect." or something that is amusing.The Official SAT Online Course 页码,13/16 Explanation for Incorrect Answer C : Choice (C) is incorrect. 14 In line 55.htm 2006-11-12 . Explanation for Incorrect Answer E : Choice (E) is incorrect. sincerely or otherwise. The author feels that her mother's words and actions are in harmony. a box can be found almost anywhere (line 39). the author does not indicate what her feelings are about the boarding school. At no point is the box considered a source of entertainment for anyone involved. and it does not later require a "desperate search. In this passage. both are intended to promote and protect her daughter. “blinding” suggests all of the following EXCEPT unswerving (B) dazzling (C) overpowering (D) determined (E) sudden ANSWERS Explanation for Correct Answer E : eg AND EXPLANATIONS is te Explanation for Correct Answer C : Choice (C) is correct. Explanation for Incorrect Answer D : Choice (D) is incorrect. The box is never presented as either a puzzle or as something that provides clarity and strength. but a required carrier for the experiment. but to see her family as "forward and pushy" (line 56). The author is not embarrassed because of a pause in conversation.

but the phrase in line 62 refers specifically to the mother's support and defense of her daughter. Undoubtedly the mother wants to create a comfortable life for her family. her mother's vigorous defense is a way of conveying that the author is important to and supported by her family. not to the interview. Although the passage indicates elsewhere that the mother enjoys attention. Explanation for Incorrect Answer C : Choice (C) is incorrect because "overpowering" is a word that can be used to describe the mother's "blinding" sense of purpose. Explanation for Incorrect Answer C : Choice (C) is incorrect. the phrase in line 62 refers to an earlier event." Explanation for Incorrect Answer A : Choice (A) is incorrect. Indeed. The mother's story indicates that she feels not despair but determination to confront injustice toward her daughter. For the author. Explanation for Incorrect Answer D : Choice (D) is incorrect because the mother's "blinding" sense of purpose can certainly be described as "determined. the passage describes only part of the interview.htm 2006-11-12 . Explanation for Incorrect Answer B : Choice (B) is incorrect. and thus stun or dazzle. Further. We can infer that the mother's instinct is always to defend her daughter and that her sense of purpose can therefore not be described as "sudden.The Official SAT Online Course 页码,14/16 Choice (E) is correct because "blinding" is not used to mean "sudden" in this context. her argument overpowers the teacher's objections. Although we can assume that the mother was eager to learn the results of the interview. The details presented in lines 63-66 primarily serve to eg is AND EXPLANATIONS te r (C) despair over the unfairness of the teacher’s instructions ed 16 The phrase “somebody was home” (line 62) captures the mother’s file://E:\新建文件夹\c8. Explanation for Incorrect Answer B : Choice (B) is incorrect because the mother's "blinding" sense of purpose was sufficiently effective to overrule. This clearly captures the mother's "sense of responsibility toward her daughter. Explanation for Incorrect Answer D : Choice (D) is incorrect. the teacher." Explanation for Incorrect Answer A : Choice (A) is incorrect because the mother's "blinding" sense of purpose can be described as "unswerving." (A) desire to create a comfortable life for her family (B) eagerness to learn the results of the interview (D) need to capture everyone’s full attention (E) sense of responsibility toward her daughter ANSWERS U 17 nR Explanation for Correct Answer E : Choice (E) is correct. The passage does not discuss the results of the interview or the feelings of the participants as to those results. the phrase "somebody was home" refers specifically to her defense of her daughter." or steady. The phrase "somebody was home" is part of a sentence in which the author describes her mother defending her.

In the final paragraph. The officials from the school looked at me deadpan" (lines 63-65). My father gave me a wide. "[w]ho at this new school would stand up for her child in her stead?" (75-76). lines 63-66 also stress how the author herself and the school officials reacted to the mother's story. d file://E:\新建文件夹\c8. The author sums up the purpose of her mother's story as a challenge to the school officials to protect her daughter as fiercely as she has done and will. re Explanation for Incorrect Answer C : Choice (C) is incorrect. possibly signaling a sense of unity with the author's mother. These lines indicate the various reactions. and a way to prove that racism was not some vanquished enemy" (lines 69-71). and asks. "[w]hen I was in third grade. where no parents figured at all" (lines 67-69). if necessary. continue to do.The Official SAT Online Course 页码,15/16 (A) illustrate the various reactions to the mother’s story (B) satirize the pomposity of the school officials (C) emphasize the sense of unity among parents of prospective students (D) convey a sense of unease (E) clarify a preceding statement ANSWERS AND EXPLANATIONS Explanation for Correct Answer A : Choice (A) is correct. Although the author expresses embarrassment. She adds. The author indicates that her mother's story was "an answer (part rebuke and part condolence) to the school stories that the admissions people told. instead.htm 2006-11-12 . the point of lines 63-66 is not to show her unease. Explanation for Incorrect Answer B : Choice (B) is incorrect. Explanation for Incorrect Answer A : Choice (A) is incorrect. they indicate the listeners' reactions to the mother's story. The author interprets the school officials' "deadpan" reaction as amused. Forgiveness and understanding do not figure prominently in the mother's story. clever-girl smile. Lines 63-66 do not clarify a previous statement. not pompous or arrogant. Explanation for Incorrect Answer E : Choice (E) is incorrect. Although the other mothers nod in approval. Explanation for Incorrect Answer C : eg AND EXPLANATIONS is te Explanation for Incorrect Answer D : Choice (D) is incorrect. the author calls her mother's story "a message about her maternal concerns. of the story's listeners: "[t]he other mothers nodded approvingly. The details in lines 63-66 are straightforward rather than satirical. but to show the reactions of everyone in the room to her mother's story. Mama could do her maternal duty" (lines 73-74). ranging from approval to amusement. U nR (A) 18 The final paragraph presents the author’s assessment of her mother’s story as a pronouncement about forgiveness and understanding (B) lesson and forewarning for school officials (C) personal argument for the importance of hard work (D) defense of a theory about social attitudes (E) parting message to her daughter ANSWERS Explanation for Correct Answer B : Choice (B) is correct.

the message of the mother's story is intended for the school officials and not for her daughter. live person. The author does not indicate or suggest that she has become skeptical of human nature. The mother's story indicates that she is well aware of racism. to mess with your kid" (lines 71-73)—this theory is one part of her mother's story. Although the author describes a theory about a particular social attitude—one that might imagine that "racism was not some vanquished enemy. The author sees the story as her mother's way of expressing her reaction to this theory rather than as a defense of the theory. As the author sees it. the passage does not suggest that she feels hostility. Although the author feels embarrassed by her mother's story. Rather. Explanation for Incorrect Answer E : Choice (E) is incorrect. Explanation for Incorrect Answer D : Choice (D) is incorrect. The main point of the passage is to show what kind of person the author's mother is. eg Explanation for Incorrect Answer B : Choice (B) is incorrect. up in your face. however. repressed or otherwise. but a real. Explanation for Incorrect Answer E : Choice (E) is incorrect. Terms of Use Contact Us file://E:\新建文件夹\c8. The central purpose of the passage is to describe the mother's response to life and to her family. re d Privacy Policy Back to Score Report Copyright © 2006 The College Board. The author sees the story in terms of her mother's determination to defend her daughter rather than as her mother's way of conveying her personal ideas on hard work.The Official SAT Online Course 页码,16/16 Choice (C) is incorrect. 19 A central purpose of the passage is to (A) illustrate the character of the author’s mother (B) portray the admissions process for boarding schools at that time (C) show the author’s repressed hostility toward her mother (D) comment on examples of racism in the United States (E) reveal how the author became skeptical of human nature ANSWERS AND EXPLANATIONS U nR Explanation for Incorrect Answer C : Choice (C ) is incorrect. for no apparent reason. this is not the central purpose of the passage. The boarding school admissions process is barely mentioned in the passage. Explanation for Incorrect Answer D : Choice (D) is incorrect. she feels admiration and thanks for her mother and her actions. toward her mother. is te Explanation for Correct Answer A : Choice (A) is correct.htm 2006-11-12 . All rights reserved. ready.

If were equal to then the expression would equal not 2 Which of the following is the best estimate of the length of segment number line above? on the file://E:\新建文件夹\c9.htm 2006-11-12 . If re Explanation for Correct Answer B : d which simplifies to ANSWERS AND EXPLANATIONS were equal to then the expression would equal nR Explanation for Incorrect Answer C : Choice (C) is not correct. and not equal to Explanation for Incorrect Answer E : Choice (E) is not correct.The Official SAT Online Course 页码,1/13 Help | Profile | My Organizer | My Bookmarks | Logout Answers and Explanations Test Sections Back to Score Report Section 1 View Answers and Explanations Online . If then Explanation for Incorrect Answer A : eg is not te Choice (A) is not correct. If were equal to then the expression would be undefined.Practice Test #3 Section 2 Section 3 Section 4 1 If (A) what is the value of Section 5 Section 7 Section 8 (B) Section 9 Section 10 (C) (D) (E) Choice (B) is correct. If were equal to then the expression would U equal not Explanation for Incorrect Answer D : Choice (D) is not correct.

so is a Explanation for Incorrect Answer D : is to the left of Choice (D) is not correct. Since point is te and point is to the the distance between the two points must be at least right of better estimate. on the number line. so the median is The question asks for a list of numbers for which the average is less than the median. While is close to the length of the value is a better estimate. The median is the middle number when the numbers file://E:\新建文件夹\c9. re and and point has a value of about . Point point has a value of about . Since point and point is to the the distance between the two points must be at least right of better estimate. Point is greater than the between the points labeled distance of better estimate. so is a 3 U For which of the following lists of than the median? (A) numbers is the average (arithmetic mean) less (B) (C) (D) (E) ANSWERS AND EXPLANATIONS numbers are Explanation for Correct Answer A : Choice (A) is correct. The median is the middle number when the The average is listed in order. Explanation for Incorrect Answer B : on the number line has a value of about Choice (B) is not correct. The length of is approximately . so is a nR eg Explanation for Incorrect Answer E : is to the left of Choice (E) is not correct.The Official SAT Online Course 页码,2/13 (A) (B) (C) (D) (E) ANSWERS AND EXPLANATIONS and Explanation for Correct Answer A : on the number line has a value of about Choice (A) is correct.htm 2006-11-12 . Point and point has a value of about . The length of d Explanation for Incorrect Answer C : on the number line has a value of about Choice (C) is not correct. and is less than Explanation for Incorrect Answer B : Choice (B) is not correct.

the mean is greater than the median. the average is equal to the median. If then the perimeter of the file://E:\新建文件夹\c9. Explanation for Incorrect Answer C : Choice (C) is not correct. so the median is numbers For this list. If d if were the area of the then the perimeter of the rectangle would be This cannot be the case since it is given that the perimeter is Explanation for Incorrect Answer D : were equal to Choice (D) is not correct. is the length and where so Explanation for Incorrect Answer A : Choice (A) is not correct. The median is the middle number when the The average is are listed in order.htm 2006-11-12 . Therefore. the average is equal to the median. This would be the value of rectangle rather than the perimeter. The median is the middle number when the The average is are listed in order. The median is the middle number when the The average is are listed in order. te re what is the value of and Explanation for Incorrect Answer B : were equal to Choice (B) is not correct. The formula for the perimeter of this rectangle is is the width. so the median is numbers For this list. Explanation for Incorrect Answer E : Choice (E) is not correct. Explanation for Incorrect Answer D : Choice (D) is not correct. so the median is The average is For this list. 4 nR eg (A) is If the perimeter of the rectangle above is (B) (C) U (D) (E) ANSWERS AND EXPLANATIONS Explanation for Correct Answer C : Choice (C) is correct.The Official SAT Online Course 页码,3/13 are listed in order. so the median is numbers For this list. the average is equal to the median.

For this function. For this function. In which of the following equations does number of dollars Wayne has? (A) represent the (B) (C) (D) (E) file://E:\新建文件夹\c9. and so nR Explanation for Incorrect Answer B : Choice (B) is not correct.htm 2006-11-12 . d and Choice (A) is not correct. and so U Explanation for Incorrect Answer C : Choice (C) is not correct. For this function.The Official SAT Online Course 页码,4/13 rectangle would be This cannot be the case since it is given that the perimeter is Explanation for Incorrect Answer E : were equal to Choice (E) is not correct. For this function. For this function. and so 6 Wayne would like to buy a school jacket priced at but the price of the jacket is more than he has. and so Explanation for Incorrect Answer E : Choice (E) is not correct. If then the perimeter of the rectangle would be This cannot be the case since it is given that the perimeter is 5 For which of the following functions is it true that (A) (B) (C) (D) (E) ANSWERS AND EXPLANATIONS Explanation for Correct Answer D : Explanation for Incorrect Answer A : eg i st er e This is the only choice where Choice (D) is correct.

if represents the number of dollars Wayne has. represents the number of dollars less than the amount Wayne and all integers. (A) I only (B) II only (C) III only (D) I and II (E) II and III ANSWERS AND EXPLANATIONS will always result in the does not hold for Explanation for Correct Answer A : Choice (A) is correct. For this equation to be true negative number. Thus.htm 2006-11-12 . On the other hand. U nR III. the jacket costs more than the amount of money that Wayne has. if then while so III is not true. For example. Also.The Official SAT Online Course 页码,5/13 ANSWERS AND EXPLANATIONS jacket costs Explanation for Correct Answer D : Choice (D) is correct. Since the more than Wayne has. II. Wayne has a positive amount of money. In this equation. Wayne would have if the price of the jacket were represents the number of dollars less than the amount Wayne has. Explanation for Incorrect Answer C : would have to be a Choice (C) is not correct. For example. However. Subtracting zero from any integer so I must be true. Wayne would have if the price of the jacket were has. However. if while so II is not true. For this equation to be true negative number. eg is and 7 te r Which of the following must be true for all integers I. Explanation for Incorrect Answer B : Choice (B) is not correct. does not hold for all integers. Wayne has a positive amount of money. if and then while file://E:\新建文件夹\c9. For example. integer ed and Explanation for Incorrect Answer E : Choice (E) is not correct. However. Wayne has dollars. II is not true for all integers. However. In this equation. Explanation for Incorrect Answer B : Choice (B) is not correct. then or Explanation for Incorrect Answer A : would have to be a Choice (A) is not correct. the jacket costs more than the amount of money that Wayne has.

The Official SAT Online Course 页码,6/13 Explanation for Incorrect Answer C : Choice (C) is not correct. If U nR Explanation for Incorrect Answer A : re and (D) d are positive. For example.htm 2006-11-12 . If then would be equal to which is not the same expression as the given Explanation for Incorrect Answer B : Choice (B) is not correct. III is not true for all integers. then (C) Choice (A) is not correct. but II is not true for all integers. Neither II nor III is true for all integers. If were equal to then would be equal to which is not the same expression as the given Explanation for Incorrect Answer C : Choice (C) is not correct. if and while then and while 8 If (A) (B) and if and are positive numbers. If were equal to then would be equal to which is not the same expression as the given file://E:\新建文件夹\c9. For example. If were equal to then would be equal to which is not the same expression as the given Explanation for Incorrect Answer E : Choice (E) is not correct. I is true. if while then and Explanation for Incorrect Answer E : Choice (E) is not correct. then (E) eg Explanation for Correct Answer D : is ANSWERS AND EXPLANATIONS and te were equal to Choice (D) is correct. For example. if and then while Explanation for Incorrect Answer D : Choice (D) is not correct.

from Town (A) (B) (C) (D) (E) to Town along this road? ANSWERS AND EXPLANATIONS Explanation for Correct Answer A : Choice (A) is correct. If the actual distance were miles. inches represent miles. which is less than inches. it would be represented U on the map by inches.The Official SAT Online Course 页码,7/13 9 On a map. the value given in the problem. inch represents miles. inch represents miles. Explanation for Incorrect Answer D : Choice (D) is not correct. Since inch represents miles. If the actual distance were miles. it would be represented on the map by or inches. the value given in the problem. Since inch represents miles. Since inch represents ed miles. If the actual distance were st er or Choice (B) is not correct. the value given in the problem. in miles. file://E:\新建文件夹\c9. Explanation for Incorrect Answer B : miles.htm 2006-11-12 . What is the actual distance. it would be represented on the map by inches. which is less than inches. Since inch represents miles. the length of the road from Town to Town is measured to be inches. inch represents an actual distance of miles. Therefore. Since inch represents miles. inch represents miles. inch represents miles. which is less than inches. which is less than inches. it would be represented on the map by inches. On this map. Explanation for Incorrect Answer C : eg i or nR Choice (C) is not correct. Explanation for Incorrect Answer E : Choice (E) is not correct. inch represents miles. If the actual distance were miles. the value given in the problem.

The area of rectangle is The area of triangle is equal to If the length of line segment were equal to then the area of the triangle would equal not Explanation for Incorrect Answer D : Choice (D) is not correct. The area of rectangle is The area of triangle is equal to If the length of line segment were equal to then the area of the triangle would equal not Explanation for Incorrect Answer B : Choice (B) is not correct. Therefore.The Official SAT Online Course 页码,8/13 10 In the figure above. line segment U has length Explanation for Incorrect Answer A : Choice (A) is not correct.htm 2006-11-12 . The area of rectangle is ANSWERS AND EXPLANATIONS is te re The area of a d where triangle is is the length of the base of the triangle and is the height of the triangle. The area of rectangle is The area of triangle is equal to If the length of line segment were equal to then the area of the triangle would equal not file://E:\新建文件夹\c9. if the area of triangle is equal to the area of rectangle what is the length of segment (A) (B) (C) (D) (E) eg Explanation for Correct Answer C : Choice (C) is correct. This simplifies to Thus. the area of triangle is equal to nR Since the areas of the triangle and the rectangle are the same.

There are only the figure. there are only different lines that can be drawn. eg Explanation for Incorrect Answer D : Choice (D) is not correct. Five lines can be drawn from each point through another point different lines from the first point. is the same as the line and point through point as shown in the figure. Explanation for Incorrect Answer E : Choice (E) is not correct.htm 2006-11-12 .The Official SAT Online Course 页码,9/13 Explanation for Incorrect Answer E : Choice (E) is not correct. but only on the circle. What is the greatest number of different lines that can be drawn so that each line passes through two of these points? (A) (B) (C) (D) (E) ANSWERS AND EXPLANATIONS nR U Explanation for Incorrect Answer A : different lines so that Choice (A) is not correct. The figure shows the be drawn. since one of the lines to that point has already been drawn. The area of rectangle is The area of triangle is equal to If the length of line segment were equal to then the area of the triangle would equal not 11 Six points are placed on a circle. different lines that can be drawn. There are only shown in the figure. You can draw different lines from the second point. as 12 file://E:\新建文件夹\c9. the greatest number of lines that can be drawn so that each line passes through two of these points is lines from each of the points. You can draw is te r lines that can be drawn. Explanation for Incorrect Answer C : Choice (C) is not correct. but since the line through a point and another point. Thus. It is possible to draw more than lines that can each line passes through two of the points. as shown in ed Explanation for Correct Answer B : Choice (B) is correct.

in terms of (A) (B) (C) (D) (E) file://E:\新建文件夹\c9. the -coordinate of cannot be equal to 13 plants are plants in each row. Therefore.The Official SAT Online Course 页码,10/13 is the point with the greatest Point What is the -coordinate of point (A) (B) -coordinate on the semicircle shown above. the -coordinate of cannot be equal to Explanation for Incorrect Answer E : Choice (E) is not correct. how many plants will then be in the garden. If parallel rows of plants.htm 2006-11-12 . Therefore. The center of the circle has coordinates and the circle has radius If the -coordinate of were then the distance between the center of the circle to the point on the circle would be equal to which is less than the radius. Explanation for Correct Answer C : has the greatest Choice (C) is correct. the -coordinate of cannot be equal to Explanation for Incorrect Answer B : is Choice (B) is not correct. The center of the circle has coordinates and the U circle has radius If the -coordinate of were then the distance between the center of the circle to the point on the circle would be equal to which is less than the radius. Therefore. (C) (D) (E) ANSWERS AND EXPLANATIONS -coordinate on the semicircle. Therefore. The center of the circle has coordinates and the circle has radius If the -coordinate of then the distance between the center of the circle to the point on the circle would be equal to te which is greater than the radius. Since the radius of the circle equals the -coordinate of which is equal to The center of the circle has the same -coordinate as so the center has coordinates The distance between the center of the circle and is the radius of the circle. The center of the circle has coordinates and the nR eg circle has radius If the -coordinate of were then the distance between the center of the circle to the point on the circle would be equal to which is greater than the radius. the -coordinate of cannot be equal to Explanation for Incorrect Answer D : Choice (D) is not correct. so the -coordinate of is equal to Explanation for Incorrect Answer A : d re were Choice (A) is not correct. with A garden has and added to each row.

See figure below. multiplied by the total number of plants per row. The figure shows the plane divided into seven regions. They also separate the remaining space in the plane into six regions. The lines separate the plane into more than three regions. Into how many non-overlapping regions do these lines divide the plane? te re and to get the total number of plants in the be multiplied by the number of rows. Explanation for Incorrect Answer B : Choice (B) is not correct.htm 2006-11-12 . for a total of seven non-overlapping regions. The expression garden before file://E:\新建文件夹\c9. needs to not involve this necessary multiplication of (A) Three (B) Four (C) Five U nR (E) (D) Six Seven ANSWERS Explanation for Correct Answer E : Choice (E) is correct. expression that corresponds to adding d Explanation for Incorrect Answer E : Choice (E) is not correct. This expression corresponds to the situation in which plants each are added to the garden. Explanation for Incorrect Answer A : Choice (A) is not correct. The number of plants per row in the garden. The total number of plants will be the number of rows. The question asks for an rows with plants to each row of the garden. which gives Explanation for Incorrect Answer A : Choice (A) is not correct. The lines separate the plane into more than four regions.The Official SAT Online Course 页码,11/13 ANSWERS AND EXPLANATIONS Explanation for Correct Answer C : Choice (C) is correct. This expression corresponds to the situation in which plants are added to the entire garden. The figure shows the plane divided into seven regions. does new plants are added to each row. the three lines form a triangle. Explanation for Incorrect Answer C : eg AND EXPLANATIONS is 14 Three lines are drawn in a plane so that there are exactly three different intersection points. This expression corresponds to a situation in which the The question asks for an expression number of plants per row is multiplied by plants to each row of the garden. that corresponds to adding Explanation for Incorrect Answer B : Choice (B) is not correct. The question asks for an expression that plants to each row of the garden. Since there are three different intersection points. corresponds to adding Explanation for Incorrect Answer D : Choice (D) is not correct.

If then which means that must be and but from the figure. 15 In the figure above. The lines separate the plane into more than six regions. However. is positive. Explanation for Incorrect Answer C : Choice (C) is not correct.htm 2006-11-12 . cannot equal Explanation for Incorrect Answer E : Choice (E) is not correct. If then which is equivalent to the false statement Therefore. The lines separate the plane into more than five regions.The Official SAT Online Course 页码,12/13 Choice (C) is not correct. there are other values of that satisfy the conditions given in the figure. Therefore. and Choice (B) is not correct. cannot equal 16 file://E:\新建文件夹\c9. The measure of is so ANSWERS AND EXPLANATIONS is te r and the (D) measure of is U Explanation for Incorrect Answer B : ed Therefore. If then which means that must be and that must be a right triangle. However. The figure shows the plane divided into seven regions. side of is on line What is in terms of (A) (B) (C) (E) nR eg Explanation for Correct Answer A : Choice (A) is correct. Explanation for Incorrect Answer D : Choice (D) is not correct. there are other values of that satisfy the conditions given in the figure. If then which means that must be and that must be an equilateral triangle. The figure shows the plane divided into seven regions Explanation for Incorrect Answer D : Choice (D) is not correct.

If then and Another way to solve this problem is to notice that is the sum of numbers each of which is equal to so equals Explanation for Incorrect Answer A : and Choice (A) is not correct.htm 2006-11-12 .The Official SAT Online Course 页码,13/13 If denotes the sum of the integers from to inclusive. what is the value of (B) (C) (D) (E) ANSWERS AND EXPLANATIONS and Explanation for Correct Answer E : Choice (E) is correct. Since it is not true that Explanation for Incorrect Answer B : and Choice (B) is not correct. All rights reserved. Terms of Use Contact Us file://E:\新建文件夹\c9. Since er nR ed Privacy Policy it is not true that it is not true that it is not true that U Back to Score Report Copyright © 2006 The College Board. and denotes the sum of the integers from (A) to inclusive. Since eg Explanation for Incorrect Answer D : and Choice (D) is not correct. Since is t Explanation for Incorrect Answer C : and Choice (C) is not correct.

In context." AND EXPLANATIONS te re d file://E:\新建文件夹\c10. The notion that a biography should be full of praise and free of criticism prevailed during most of the nineteenth century. (D) Prevalent as a notion during most of the nineteenth century was for a biography to be full of praise and free of criticism. a finding is that Section 10 (D) It has recently been discovered that (E) It is a recent discovery that ANSWERS AND EXPLANATIONS Explanation for Correct Answer D : Choice (D) is correct. (A) Section 5 Section 7 A recent discovery is the finding that Section 8 (B) A recent discovery came when they learned that Section 9 (C) Recently." Explanation for Incorrect Answer B : Choice (B) uses a vague pronoun. With a minor change in word order ("A recent discovery is that"). the adverb "recently" is less effective than the adjective "recent" ("A recent finding is that"). The sentence contains no noun to which the pronoun "they" can refer. Explanation for Incorrect Answer E : Choice (E) contains an unnecessary word. since it merely repeats the idea of the earlier noun "discovery. the notion prevailed that a biography should be full of praise and free of criticism. (E) Prevalent during most of the nineteenth century. (B) The notion that prevailed about a biography during most of the nineteenth century was that of being full of praise and free of criticism. The notion that a biography should be full of praise and free of criticism prevailed during most of the nineteenth century. eg is Explanation for Incorrect Answer A : Choice (A) displays wordiness.The Official SAT Online Course 页码,1/9 Help | Profile | My Organizer | My Bookmarks | Logout Answers and Explanations Test Sections Back to Score Report Section 1 View Answers and Explanations Online . It uses appropriate words to express a complete idea. The phrase "the finding" is not needed.Practice Test #3 Section 2 Section 3 Section 4 1 A recent discovery is the finding that people who both drink and smoke are greater cancer risks than those who do only one of these things.htm 2006-11-12 . It avoids the error of the original by eliminating the unnecessary phrase "the finding. U 2 nR (A) Explanation for Incorrect Answer C : Choice (C) involves an inappropriate idiom. they had a prevalent notion that a biography should be full of praise and free of criticism. (C) During most of the nineteenth century. ANSWERS Explanation for Correct Answer A : Choice (A) is correct. the vague pronoun "it" can be deleted.

The adjective "prevalent" is not needed. the first phrase refers to a person and the second to that person's work. The present perfect tense of the verbal "having won" illogically suggests that Naylor received the award before she wrote the novel.htm 2006-11-12 .The Official SAT Online Course 页码,2/9 Explanation for Incorrect Answer B : Choice (B) uses an inappropriate idiom. and social criticism were introduced by him (C) having introduced sentiment. Gloria Naylor’s first novel won an American Book Award in 1983. and social criticism eg is te r ed (C) The first novel by native New Yorker Gloria Naylor file://E:\新建文件夹\c10. satire." 3 A native New Yorker. the phrase should be placed immediately before or after the name "Gloria Naylor. The coordinating conjunction "and" merely links two complete thoughts without appropriate subordination or embedding to indicate their relationship and relative importance. Explanation for Incorrect Answer C : Choice (C) includes a vague pronoun. a phrase. and social criticism were introduced (B) sentiment. a native New Yorker." U 4 nR (A) Explanation for Incorrect Answer A : Choice (A) contains a dangling noun phrase." this group of words does not state a complete thought. the first phrase has no grammatical connection to the rest of the sentence. Since the noun phrase "A native New Yorker" obviously refers to a person (not to that person's "first novel"). its meaning is not clear. Explanation for Incorrect Answer E : Choice (E) exhibits ineffective coordination. (A) A native New Yorker. Explanation for Incorrect Answer B : Choice (B) displays improper word order." Explanation for Incorrect Answer D : Choice (D) uses improper tense sequence. Explanation for Incorrect Answer D : Choice (D) creates a sentence fragment. It avoids the dangling modifier of the original by using a correctly placed prepositional phrase ("by native New Yorker Gloria Naylor") to embed details describing the "first novel. sentiment. The phrase "that of being" is not suitable to introduce a phrase describing the prevalent notion. Gloria Naylor’s first novel (B) A native New Yorker. satire. since it conveys the same idea as the verb "prevailed. Charlie Chaplin developed definite ideas about the art of comedy and as a result sentiment. wrote her first novel thus having (E) Gloria Naylor wrote her first novel and the native New Yorker ANSWERS AND EXPLANATIONS Explanation for Correct Answer C : Choice (C) is correct. Although the two noun phrases ("A native New Yorker" and "Gloria Naylor’s first novel") may appear at first to be parallel appositives. Since the sentence contains no noun to which the pronoun "they" can refer. satire. and social criticism were introduced into his work. Explanation for Incorrect Answer E : Choice (E) displays wordiness. or a clause to serve as the subject of the verb "was. Without a noun. Thus. satire. the first novel by Gloria Naylor (D) Gloria Naylor.

satire. but the second shifts awkwardly to passive voice ("were introduced"). Explanation for Incorrect Answer A : Choice (A) presents an illogical comparison. Explanation for Incorrect Answer A : Choice (A) fails to maintain parallelism. "Charlie Chaplin developed definite ideas. and social criticism" cannot coherently modify any part of the sentence. The rate at which an individual taxes the environment in a technological culture is compared to the rate in the whole country of Myanmar. consumption-oriented culture probably taxes the environment at a rate many times that of a country such as Myanmar. The pronoun "you" is used loosely to mean any person. The phrase "by him" is not needed. Without the phrase "that of" immediately before "a citizen of Myanmar. The first independent clause uses active voice ("Charlie Chaplin developed"). Explanation for Incorrect Answer D : Choice (D) suggests an illogical comparison. The effect of a single person ("someone") on the environment is compared to the effect of an entire country ("Myanmar"). (B) that of someone living in a country like Myanmar (C) what you find in Myanmar. and social criticism ANSWERS AND EXPLANATIONS Explanation for Correct Answer D : Choice (D) is correct. for instance ANSWERS Explanation for Correct Answer B : Choice (B) is correct." with "Charlie Chaplin" as their subject." the statement compares a rate (of taxing the eg (A) that of a country such as Myanmar AND EXPLANATIONS is te re Explanation for Incorrect Answer E : Choice (E) violates parallelism. The phrase "having introduced sentiment. and social criticism (E) the introduction of sentiment. satire. It avoids the error of the original by using two parallel active verbs.The Official SAT Online Course 页码,3/9 (D) introduced sentiment. Explanation for Incorrect Answer E : Choice (E) makes an illogical comparison. Explanation for Incorrect Answer C : Choice (C) exhibits improper modification.htm 2006-11-12 . It avoids the error of the original by adding the phrase "someone living in" so that the effects of the actions of two individuals in two different countries are compared. Since the noun "introduction" is not parallel with the earlier clause. Explanation for Incorrect Answer B : Choice (B) uses excess words. satire. 5 Someone living in a technological. d file://E:\新建文件夹\c10." the second half of the sentence has no verb and is left awkwardly incomplete. for instance U nR (E) (D) the rate in a country such as Myanmar a citizen of Myanmar. "developed" and "introduced. Explanation for Incorrect Answer C : Choice (C) has an inappropriate pronoun. and it incorrectly suggests that this introduction came before the development of Chaplin's ideas about comedy.

but it is not in a position to modify correctly any part of the sentence. Four words ("In his belief that") can be reduced to two ("Believing that"). into a jet-engine intake" and "this causes a serious accident"). . preventing a serious accident (E) intakes and avoiding a serious accident ANSWERS AND EXPLANATIONS Explanation for Correct Answer C : Choice (C) is correct. A comma is used improperly to join two complete thoughts ("Airport runways . not a method of preventing one. The dangling phrase.The Official SAT Online Course 页码,4/9 environment) with a person. It avoids the error of the original by eliminating the unnecessary preposition "in. Professor Morison retraced the route of Columbus’ first voyage. U 7 nR (A) Explanation for Incorrect Answer E : Choice (E) violates parallelism. re d Explanation for Incorrect Answer A : Choice (A) contains the erroneous singular pronoun "it. 6 Airport runways must be constantly swept clear of trash and other debris that could be sucked into a jet-engine intake or it could cause a serious accident. AND EXPLANATIONS te Explanation for Incorrect Answer B : Choice (B) displays incorrect coordination. In believing that (B) Believing that (C) In his belief that (D) He believed that (E) By believing that ANSWERS Explanation for Correct Answer B : Choice (B) is correct. It avoids the error of the original by using the appropriate conjunction "and" to link a clear cause (debris being sucked into a jet engine) with its expected effect (a serious accident)." Explanation for Incorrect Answer A : Choice (A) exhibits wordiness. eg is Explanation for Incorrect Answer D : Choice (D) exhibits improper modification. In believing that firsthand experience would enhance the credibility of his biography of Columbus. The preposition "in" is not needed.htm 2006-11-12 . (A) intake or it could cause a serious accident (B) intake. The verbal "avoiding" is neither grammatically nor logically parallel with the earlier verb phrase "could be sucked. this causes a serious accident (C) intake and cause a serious accident (D) intake." which appears to refer to the plural antecedents "trash and other debris. Explanation for Incorrect Answer C : Choice (C) displays wordiness." since this earlier phrase describes a likely cause of an accident. "preventing a serious accident." apparently indicates a reason for sweeping runways. ." file://E:\新建文件夹\c10.

of Columbus" and "Professor Morrison retraced . first voyage") are joined with only a comma. . its meaning (apparently the general idea expressed in the preceding clause) is not clear. Using the conjunction "and" to connect two independent clauses is grammatically correct. . The preposition "by" incorrectly suggests a means by which Morrison retraced the route." or "goal"). "fact. 8 Except in mathematics. when shopping (E) however. My grandfather never learned to use a calculator. AND EXPLANATIONS is te re Explanation for Correct Answer A : Choice (A) is correct.The Official SAT Online Course 页码,5/9 Explanation for Incorrect Answer D : Choice (D) involves improper coordination. but such a linkage does not indicate the logical relationship between the two clauses. Explanation for Incorrect Answer E : Choice (E) uses an inappropriate idiom. as he shops he can accurately compute his grocery bill in his head to within a dollar. Explanation for Incorrect Answer D : Choice (D) exhibits vague and ambiguous pronoun use. rather than the mental state in which he did so. not to any specific noun in the sentence. It uses a specific noun. It avoids the error of the original by adding an appropriate eg Explanation for Incorrect Answer B : Choice (B) uses a vague pronoun. the meaning is not clear. . he shops so that ANSWERS Explanation for Correct Answer C : Choice (C) is correct. d file://E:\新建文件夹\c10. as he shops (B) while shopping (C) but as he shops (D) therefore. Since the pronoun "which" refers loosely to the idea expressed in the entire preceding clause (but not to any specific noun). since it apparently refers to the general idea expressed in the preceding clause." instead of a vague and ambiguous pronoun. Since the pronoun "it" cannot logically refer to any of the singular nouns in the sentence ("proof. Explanation for Incorrect Answer E : Choice (E) displays ineffective coordination.htm 2006-11-12 . a fact that the courts recognize by setting varying standards of proof for different kinds of cases. . The meaning of the pronoun "this" remains unclear. (A) a fact that the courts recognize by setting (B) which the courts recognize and set (C) and this is recognized when the courts are setting (D) and it is recognized by the courts when they set (E) and the courts recognize this fact setting ANSWERS AND EXPLANATIONS U 9 nR (A) Explanation for Incorrect Answer C : Choice (C) contains a vague pronoun." "ideal. Two complete thoughts ("He believed . absolute proof is more often an ideal to be sought than a goal to be reached.

. Two complete thoughts ("My grandfather . within a dollar") are joined by only a comma. Explanation for Incorrect Answer C : Choice (C) creates a sentence fragment. within a dollar"). Explanation for Incorrect Answer E : Choice (E) results in improper coordination. ." the verb is part of a dependent clause introduced by "which. Explanation for Incorrect Answer D : Choice (D) exhibits improper coordination. "Gwendolyn Brooks. With no verb (only the verbal phrases "to win" and "encouraging"). Explanation for Incorrect Answer E : Choice (E) includes an excess word. . It uses only a comma to join two complete thoughts ("My grandfather . It avoids the error of the original by providing a verb. Although fascinated by chance and coincidence. "but.The Official SAT Online Course 页码,6/9 conjunction. which was to encourage (E) she had a special interest to encourage U 11 nR eg ANSWERS (A) AND EXPLANATIONS Explanation for Correct Answer B : Choice (B) is correct. Explanation for Incorrect Answer A : Choice (A) produces a sentence fragment. when shopping ." The main clause has no verb to complete the thought. The only verb. Explanation for Incorrect Answer A : Choice (A) displays improper coordination. ." so that the sentence states a complete idea. . . Two independent clauses ("My grandfather . "had. Although this choice has a verb. 10 The first African American woman to win the Pulitzer Prize for poetry. (B) had a special interest in encouraging (C) having had a special interest. he shops .htm 2006-11-12 . "had. Gwendolyn Brooks with her special interest in encouraging young poets." and is. "was." is part of a dependent clause ("who had a special interest in encouraging young poets"). within a dollar") with only a comma. the main clause fails to state a complete idea. calculator" and "therefore. . so the main clause cannot state a complete thought. unnecessary. Paul Auster’s novels are written is (D) who had a special interest in encouraging te r (A) with her special interest in encouraging ed file://E:\新建文件夹\c10. calculator" and "as he shops . . calculator" and "while shopping . within a dollar") are connected by only a comma. The pronoun "she" simply repeats the name immediately before it. Explanation for Incorrect Answer B : Choice (B) uses improper coordination. this choice incorrectly links two complete thoughts ("My grandfather . . Since the transition word "therefore" does not serve as a coordinating conjunction. . calculator" and "however. . Explanation for Incorrect Answer D : Choice (D) is a sentence fragment. ." to join the two independent clauses that express contrasting ideas. . Paul Auster’s novels are written with careful attention to style and balance. . . . therefore.

12 Early American factories did not so much replace household manufacturing but complement it." the conjunction "but" is improper because it suggests not a limited degree of difference but a more complete contrast. After the helping verb "had. The introductory phrase. The conjunction "but" is not appropriate for use with the phrase "so much" because "but" implies a more absolute contrast. After the phrase "so much. Explanation for Incorrect Answer D : Choice (D) employs an improper idiom. The conjunction "and" suggests no contrast but simply indicates that additional information will follow. Explanation for Incorrect Answer B : Choice (B) exhibits improper modification. Explanation for Incorrect Answer A : Choice (A) uses an inappropriate idiom." cannot logically modify the noun that follows.htm 2006-11-12 ." the correct form of this irregular verb is the past participle. "written. not as an adjective describing the preceding noun. "writer. U nR (B) (A) but complement as complement (C) but they complemented (D) and they complemented (E) as they were to complement ANSWERS Explanation for Correct Answer B : Choice (B) is correct. "with careful attention to style and balance. not the novels that he wrote. It avoids the error of the original by placing the proper noun "Paul Auster" immediately after the introductory phrase that modifies it.The Official SAT Online Course 页码,7/9 (B) Paul Auster’s novels were written (C) Paul Auster writes his novels (D) Paul Auster is a writer (E) Paul Auster had wrote ANSWERS AND EXPLANATIONS Explanation for Correct Answer C : Choice (C) is correct. "Although fascinated by chance and coincidence. The prepositional phrase. eg AND EXPLANATIONS is te Explanation for Incorrect Answer E : Choice (E) uses an incorrect verb form. "novels. "wrote." re Explanation for Incorrect Answer D : Choice (D) involves inappropriate modification. The introductory phrase. Explanation for Incorrect Answer C : Choice (C) contains an idiom that is not suitable. Explanation for Incorrect Answer A : Choice (A) displays improper modification. "Although fascinated by chance and coincidence. It avoids the error of the original by using the appropriate conjunction "as" to complete the idea of the introductory phrase "so much" and thus properly link two parallel verbs ("replace" and "complement")." d file://E:\新建文件夹\c10." not the past." functions as an adverb telling how the novels were written." since it clearly describes the author rather than his books." logically modifies the author Paul Auster.

The clause "she had founded" is not parallel with the gerunds "teaching" and "becoming"—the two earlier items in the series." that is parallel with the earlier gerunds. The present perfect tense of the verbal "having founded" is not consistent with the present tense of the earlier verbals "teaching" and "becoming. it fueled a violent revolution (C) angry. It avoids the error of the original by using a gerund. Lois Alexander Lane launched the Black Fashion Museum. Explanation for Incorrect Answer A : Choice (A) fails to maintain parallelism. becoming involved in several fashion enterprises.htm 2006-11-12 . and this anger fueled a violent revolution (D) angry. "founding. angry. It avoids the error of the original by using two parallel clauses ("economic inequalities made" and "this anger fueled")." "the. that anger fueled a violent revolution (E) angry. 13 After teaching." In eighteenth-century France. The phrase "they were to" is unnecessary." Explanation for Incorrect Answer A : Choice (A) fails to maintain parallelism. 14 U nR (A) Explanation for Incorrect Answer E : Choice (E) has an error in tense sequence. "teaching" and "becoming. The words "after. The clause "after she founded" is not parallel with two earlier items in the series—the gerunds "teaching" and "becoming. The first independent clause uses active voice ("economic inequalities made many people angry"). and a violent revolution was fueled (B) angry.The Official SAT Online Course 页码,8/9 Explanation for Incorrect Answer E : Choice (E) displays wordiness. and after she founded the Harlem Institute of Fashion. and a violent revolution was fueled." and "of" are not needed. (A) after she founded (B) after the founding of (C) founding (D) she had founded (E) having founded ANSWERS AND EXPLANATIONS Explanation for Correct Answer C : Choice (C) is correct. Explanation for Incorrect Answer B : Choice (B) contains a vague pronoun. economic inequalities made many people angry. both in active voice. The singular pronoun "it" cannot logically eg i Explanation for Incorrect Answer D : Choice (D) violates parallelism." Explanation for Incorrect Answer B : Choice (B) uses excess words. thus fueling a violent revolution ANSWERS Explanation for Correct Answer C : Choice (C) is correct. AND EXPLANATIONS st er ed file://E:\新建文件夹\c10. but the second shifts to ineffective passive voice ("and a violent revolution was fueled").

htm d 2006-11-12 . Back to Score Report Copyright © 2006 The College Board. . many people angry" and "that anger fueled a violent revolution"). All rights reserved. . It incorrectly uses a semicolon to link parts of unequal grammatical rank (a complete thought before the semicolon and only a phrase after it).The Official SAT Online Course refer to the noun "France" (the only singular noun that precedes it). and it does not agree with the plural nouns "inequalities" and "people. Explanation for Incorrect Answer E : Choice (E) exhibits inappropriate coordination." 页码,9/9 Explanation for Incorrect Answer D : Choice (D) uses improper coordination. It uses only a comma to join two complete thoughts ("In eighteenth-century France . Privacy Policy Terms of Use Contact Us U nR eg is te re file://E:\新建文件夹\c10.

Sign up to vote on this title
UsefulNot useful