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Alloy Steels 8620

Chemistry Data : [top] Carbon Chromium Manganese Molybdenum Nickel Phosphorus Silicon Sulphur Principal Design Features Applications Machinability 0.18 - 0.23 0.4 - 0.6 0.7 - 0.9 0.15 - 0.25 0.4 - 0.7 0.035 max 0.15 - 0.35 0.04 max

AISI 8620 is a hardenable chromium, molybdenum, nickel low alloy steel often used for carburizing to develop a case-hardened part. This case-hardening will result in good wear characteristics. In the carburized condition this alloy is used for gears, ring gears, shafts and crankshafts. Machining is done prior to carburizing to within as close a tolerance as possible. Finish machining, after heat treatment and/or carburizing, should be at a minimum so as not to impair the hardened case of the part. Machining may be done by conventional means prior to heat treatment - after carburizing machining is usually limited to grinding. Forming characteristics of 8620 alloy are good in the annealed condition. The alloy may be welded by conventional methods, usually gas or arc welding. Preheating at 400 F is beneficial and subsequent heating after welding is recommended - consult the approved weld procedure for the method used. This alloy may be hardened by heating to 1500 F followed by a water quench. Carburize at 1650 to 1700 F in an appropriate carburizing medium and oil quench to harden. Improved carburized case and core properties can be obtained by furnace cooling from carburizing at 1650 - 1700 F and then reheating to 1575 F. The alloy may be forged at 2200 F down to 1800 F prior to the hardening heat treatment or carburizing. Hot working may be accomplished prior to hardening or carburizing. Consult the alloy supplier for information as to temperatures. The alloy may be cold worked in the annealed condition by conventional methods. Cold working, as with machining, should be done to as close a tolerance as possible before heat treatment or carburizing. AISI 8620 may be given a full anneal at 1550 F and slow cooling at not more than 50 F per hour down to 850 F. From there it may be air cooled. Not applicable to this alloy. Tempering of carburized parts is done at 250 to 300 F and this will result in the alloy having a core strength of approximately 135 ksi

Forming Welding

Heat Treatment

Forging Hot Working Cold Working


Aging Tempering

minimum with Rockwell C case hardness of 90. Tempering of heat treated and water quenched parts (not carburized) is done at 400 F to 1300 F with greater hardness the lower the tempering temperature. Hardening Hardening is done by oil quench from 1675 F. See "Heat Treatment". Carburizing is accomplished at the same 1650 to 1700 F range in a carburizing "pack" or environment, followed by oil quench for thin sections or a furnace cool for heavier (over 3/4") sections. Following carburizing of heavy sections a reheat at 1575 F will enhance both case and core properties of the alloy. This alloy is typically used for carburized parts where a hardened case is desired for wear resistance.

Other Comments

Physical Data : [top] Density (lb / cu. in.) Specific Gravity Specific Heat (Btu/lb/Deg F - [32212 Deg F]) Melting Point (Deg F) Thermal Conductivity Mean Coeff Thermal Expansion Modulus of Elasticity Tension
Grade : Number: Standard: Classification: Equivalent grades: 16NiCr4 1.5714 EN 10084 : 2008 Case hardening steels. Technical delivery conditions Case hardening steels Go here o f g ra d e 1 6 N i Cr 4 ( 1 . 5 7 1 4 )

0.283 7.8 0.1 2600 26 6.6 31

Chemical composition % of the ladle analysis

Elements not quoted in this table shall not be intentionally added to the steel without the agreement of the purchaser, other than for the purpose of finishing the heat. Steels with improved machinability as a result of the addition of lead or higher sulfur contents, depending on the manufacturing process up to around 0.1 % S, may be supplied on request. In this case, the upper limit of the manganese content may be increased by 0.15 % C 0.13 - 0.19 Si max 0.4 Mn 0.7 - 1 Ni 0.8 - 1.1 P max 0.025 1 6 N i Cr 4 ( 1 . 5 7 1 4 ) . S max 0.035 Cr 0.6 - 1

T e c h n o l o g i c a l p r o p e r t i e s o f g ra d e

Good machinability in the annealed condition and good aptitude / endurance to heat treatment; this steel grade undergoes heat treatment without important deformations. Hardenability: ? It has a low-medium hardenability enabling the use, with good core resistance, till a thickness of about 50 mm. Equivalent grades of grade USA 3115 1 6 N i Cr 4 ( 1 . 5 7 1 4 ) Italy UNI 16CrNi4

Steel EC100 (Mat.No. 1.7147, DIN 20MnCr5, AISI 4820)

Designation by Standards Brand Name EC100 Ravne No. 719 Mat. No. 1.7147 DIN 20MnCr5 EN AISI 4820

Chemical Composition (in weight %) C 0.19 Si max. 0.40 Mn 1.25 Cr 1.15 Mo Ni V W Others -

Description Alloyed carbon steel.

Applications Highly strssed parts, e.g., gears, crankshafts, switch components, etc.

Physical properties (avarage values) at ambient temperature Modulus of elasticity [103 x N/mm2]: 210 Density [g/cm3]: 7.81 Thermal conductivity [W/m.K]: 42.0 Electric resistivity [Ohm mm2/m]: 0.16 Specific heat capacity[J/g.K]: 0.46

Coefficient of Linear Thermal Expansion 10-6 oC-1 20-100oC 11.7 20-200oC 12.0 20-300oC 12.4

Continuous Cooling Transformation (CCT) Diagram

Time-Temperature Transformation (TTT) Diagram

Soft Annealing Heat to 650-700oC, cool slowly.

Carburizing Temperature: 900-950oC. Cooling from carborizing temperature: water, oil, air, thermal bath, cooling box.

Hardening Core hardening: 850-880oC. Case hardening: 810-840oC. Quenching media: water, oil or thermal bath.

Tempering Tempering temperature: 170-200oC.

Tempering Diagram

Forging Hot forming temperature: 1100-850oC.

Machinability No data.