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(c)

o
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10
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10

20

30

40

10

Indice
(a)

20

30

40

Indice
(b)

2
0
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Residuo Studentizado

2
0
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Residuo Studentizado

WY

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10

20
Indice
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30

40

400

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600

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Valores Ajustados
(d)

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 !; ! nL"@!:N; oI   @ =; .  T k ! k k  ;    k  k ! / ] LA


 k L  A k L
 k  ; k  k / k l ; I  ] A k =0 D~  lLAC . CI ;l ; d k
k 
+ kC  k k zI k  k k k  k !   LO t0  /  M!0 F @ k k / :N l CI 
 k  l ! -  k C  k I+ k  k  k -  LO CIl k  ! k k  T kC j 

hH
T

CN

8H JI
FpI
 @  J  kC M0T0 E  d& k   . nT k " @ A   k nnm@
k +kC  k B/ k  k  @ k k k  k M  k ! k = k  F . k A!!  k

 :N ;  k ! ;:": ;  k *  l IP k k k t  k C +kC 0]Q?n /  @F U 


 C/ k W / N l  kk I+ k  k k  k k 3@ k !! k 0W k  k k  
 T k j C kAI+ k 4
 k T    n! + ko)NTT0
y S xzy r
qa;qt1q y S py

uaq

o
o

o o
oo

oo o

-1

o
o o
o

-2

Componente do Desvio

-3

-2

-1

Percentis da N(0,1)

 / M0F Va : l C k/k +Ik  k   & kC / k a k *  n I


  Il k I  k  k   ; r k @;I k : !A 0


 k

Wc t    :

:  `
Q k  k @ k  k L!  k ; . 
F-T 7k  ; 0e09 . CIl k !
 Ik  + : A k  AIa k

j 

 @

 k    k  !A L ! C
k
k  k    nL-!:N ; @ k *  n K W k  .
k  K k ! 
0 {  ; l + +IkC  k l k k  k 

k k

kpM

rq

pqCrWvst unwxzy

/ k k -  k  !"  k oN ;  k & k k r kA+ - + L ! "  k A k


!-  k k  k L  k 0m n vT k k + n .  k7k   . !!/ k   CI j ;
l U   NN 8 W  k+  k  k+ LN +Ik k  A F +  .   k  k ! k+ L =
. @ k n . k k 1 ;  k + +kC.T+ L  @!"  k N ; C  U l .  k  T@
k  
 | 0 D ; .
 vm  yP ]w | k
k k k l

 K

 yBc& C  yBc
|  B.

* & k  . !=A  k k. !I k  o k  ! nL"@!:N; K k *  l IC ] k ! k k


k / k  ! ;:":; /  k  k ! | k  N  k ;n k !  k ; w | 0Q kPj .
 k  zN ; C k @n ! "  k  
 I
 B
!:
jz 

)(  !  Fa5 'h


'
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0 W k k  q | O Ij k  T k  KE | | O I
|  F7\Xl0 * Il ;  k  ! ;L-!O; r!  k / F + 0
* & k  .   k k.  I_ k    k k h
 | X . I! k o X; B k  k ! k
 k | /0  k n k    | k  [ | O D k ! k k / k k  K[ | k  v
| | O 0 ! nL"@!:N;  k  k   k  !  k / F + C  z ; v k  n ! "  k
  2N/ I  I
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8H JI

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2
D  n  +kC @ k N k = n  N ; k  !  k
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+ k Ak  L A! k  k ! k k  k  T/ k
 !I k = ; k 
 NN  ; + LN I

:_ v6  |  . ! k  :, | k  :b


 | ! | O  . k  n IW  & kC / A k
 kg  |
k1 /| rVU WY 0 z ;  k + A k n k  T k l    
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I! k k d ;:O  & kC  AS  U W . E F NN .
E! /  CN . 

! / |  NN | .@   NN  W .  |  NC |  W . t |  P | , k  k
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zN ; 
n + k  k 4
 / IL  v k  A !    k I! k   @ k Y  k k + + "
 FAr kd M!90 G k @
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kp

rq

F Ie

pqCrWvst unwxzy

 k  !M 0e30RQ  l7 k !  k ; ;  A  /  k  k k 7k I +Ik / k = 0 D


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 * 0 * ; IM   T k / A k !A@  k /I F +  k 
T  k C + LN I+ k   k  !0{  +Ik =I @ *  kA+k k  k 1 / k / !A k
C  
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k7% $& d \('!k@% &)*T
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W  jlk nk7- & k A ; 2 k   j k 0  ;:O k AMz   ;  k  k
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. Y Y 
.  Y X

f
/

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| 30 42 k
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2

 F5 |

/f  6 5  r ; O < :87

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|  | T5X
z
z
U
 xn
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* / ! k k  k k 2  Y \ Y  k 2  \VX k l  N . k  k .F + N k k.  k



I  6t o .  Y Y L k 6  H
/f LQ0 T k k Y k ; l nF  k k
A k  k ! k k 0 *_ r A k  k k + - k u k l  Fp0
k !  / C   u  ;LU k l jlk N ; *9 n  ! k / ! k
zI  V
 O

 O
97 o W , W
k 
 I k k   nIO   G k + A l   I:  v | Rn FT\ 9 . C  ;& 
F-  k k !@
 +   k   Y X Q0 * k ; A  F"  k :  $a | RK jlk ;
k% &c kI+ k k k k / ! kV
d \;T
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y S xzy r
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8H JI

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 I+ k ; C ! @= 

   I
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F]\ o
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 | | O 0
 F"  k F k @F-  *
n + k oC  !

GB d \(T
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Q / :N l CK k ~ CI;   k + N ; k
 & k kAI+ k n J: k k  k F  F + 
Y k 0! k k k  k kN:. &+ k O k *  HH@F8 k k + -+ k N  kg  k l ; k  ;L=  
@
 k N ; C kLK NMPO . ! @F-o 7k N ; C&90 0 .  Y k 0
P
 
. E  0 e k   k k  k @  k  k ;! = / AC
k  Ak k @" k  FNI
 k k + -+ "@ W n:  FIM e k ;! k  k p M k : kk C Ak / k   k k C   
k A k C  k / @!
 k / !A k ;I k V / k k n! k k : C@ ; !  F V p M

. k n!  H V  N / k kN. F V 1;  IC / k k  .


k L k. V FQ C Ak / . V Q Ak / . M V Q Ak /  
 k k   k S k C  H V A l A k k. F V l = k k  k k  H V   C A . F V k  !A@0 *
@
 k k n k   @ * k  k = G k T  B!{ $# k k  k / !- *RTS U &!!0 kPj
:ylx 1  k n k    k k  A 
  k NA & k k k k k  @ . C@ ; !
k   .  kk ; z . C   k k   k S k C ] k  k l k  k k k  kg . I k

XF  M k z [F T0  
 I] k :ylx HK6  | yx X . I! k
/| yx f
e TfgNx9\.i a\
C  *
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0 n  . k  k   & kC kC  k k k k A
k  k :
e O . e b3k e `  k   A k  k n  h :  k Al . k /  k k l k An Ak / .
k  k .F +  k k. k  kC  ; p M k L k. 
g Ok ! k k   k ; k k k n  / n! X;

 IC / k k C  k N ; / l!  N / k kN. .i O k  ! k k   k n k k k ; @
/ l! C   k k   k S l = k kk A l A k kk
k ! k k   k n k k k ; @ kg
k  AA k   !0
{

kE BE k

_T

kpp

rq

pqCrWvst unwxzy

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M!0M k  k  k F  L +   k   +k n n    C  k  k .F +
 k + A @=;  l   0Q  k + Ac  T k j    T kC Fk[z  k  
Fe G  FI /  k - k L  k 0_W k  k ;I k kg k  k k   k S k C 1 ; ;
/ ! l L + FHIi . k !vI n k F @   & kC !0 E In! .  k k k l "  k
 k A ;  A k N ; Z k ;! @ +  & k !0 Q + I k N LA  N; c k
+Ik n l   k n k  k  k k FIF FeIM  H H@FHI3Q0  +  k F  F + 
; R 
 k   k k  J_  k M!0M!0 Q  k + A R +  & kC   T k z k
 @ f Fe pM  Fp /  k " k :  k 0  /  M!0  k k 3t k  T j  
  & kC l 0 D  n  I+ k  ] k / l! 1;  N / k k k  k / k  Q  k !

 k I k  ] k k 0  AI  k ! k  k +   k ;! k  / n  IC / k k
C@ ; !
 3E Q  Ak /
k  k  +   k Ak  k + @  k n! k  / n!
1 ;
 IC / k k  n ! F Q 3 Ak / 0 k : l  N  k  . k k2k n! .  l
j k ; + k  k   & k / A k t k *  l IX0 J k  k   /  M!0  k M!0 

/ N l C I   k @ n ! "  k    j k k  k  1 ! k :AI:"  k
 J

kC

y S xzy r
qa;qt1q y S py

8H JI

p

uaq

F I

30

20
10

15

Valores Ajustados

25

Abor
Nabo

Ano1

Ano2

Ano3

Ano

Ano4

 / @ M!0]\ V I k  k !A ] j   k ^@k    T IC / k k ;  0


  & kC / k 7!A  k / F + 0]Q  T k / A k  k *  n I  k k zl k
 Fp /  k
A
A AA  k ! k L  k ; 0m l j L l k  kC + I7C k + 
m
- k L  k QM
0   /   M!0M 1 M!0Mo k  k / @ 9/ : l C  k ! N/ ] FA !0_  / @ M!0M
k S  @
 p / n! zI    k k  +  0P  k  / @ M!0M k
 kC  k  n k  I;   k k  AJ: k k k  Y . ;   Y_a` \ . _ FNHM
k _ IeT
0 Q n k M @ k  + L  _ k k . k  k L +  k kN. e ` . eI k MGT0Q  _a` \
k X ;
 IC / k k k k + C ; !@ p M k L k
0 Q  _ FNHh
M k   k  1; IC / k k.
Ik  k +  n !  Q C k / . k  n @ _ e ` k  IN / k kk|k +
N
 k  C ;  p M k L k 0 * kC /  M!0IM 3 k    n C    k k
C   k l k . _ p k _ e@F
0    1; 3F I+ k   *. k + N C ;  TQ
 Ak / .  k
 IC / k k _ e7F8 k oI@nn  _ p3o k 1;  IC / k k 0 D~]/ k  In

rq

FIH

pqCrWvst unwxzy

 k l k  k l kk ^@k   k k k  k @ k 
M!0Mv!!  k k  z@ ; t k+ : @= . 
1 ;  k k k @A  k  0

0 A  k k.  / 
 ! ;L-!O; @!  k / F + .

k S
kcj

0.8

120

40

q 

:@@

120

3
2
1
10

Indice
(c)

 k   / LACr

-3 -2 -1 0

g40

j61 i98
h80 120

Componente do Desvio

-3 -2 -1 0

Componente do Desvio

80
Indice
(b)

Indice
(a)

 /  M0]l Va : l

104

0.0

b40 c80

f36

0.4

Distncia de Cook

0.0

0.4

Alavanca

0.8

e72

20

k30

Valores Ajustados
(d)

km^7k

   W ICn / k

k po n @

~

sr

 < / k u k  k @r k  k L!  k ; / k k k + L =  kwv kPj  


I %v Lx ^ O | . I k ^ O F0 {   k  1   k  k k -+k Pn Ak  k
j T  & kC 
/ y A k  k *  l I  @ k1k F  ^ O k    k k  k nT@
t k

Lu I

8H I

z y${"|,xzy} r
q~;q1q{y}{"|pyuaq |

  . n ! k F  L + l I k ! k L@n


 F ` M .   I
 :\ | , O
O

 M!0 ` 
x
^  |  3\ 
I! k | x km^   U W Y 0 o /   F-  k . C  C ;: k+ : @= y C + : A
+ k =; k CnL / "@  k  k A   
l A: F  k Y . r k + . k n-  k ; .  kA
;  7k  ; l0e0]T0  k k.
 T k yc k  k ; T  N ;  k  & kC  / k
 k  k y +k l n    k k =; ! C7F"@  E
 n n 2G&0
k  k y k l n

  .  I

km^7k

1
0
-1
-2

Componente do Desvio

5
0

-3

-5

Componente do Desvio

10

F@F

-2

-1

Percentis da N(0,1)
(a)

-2

-1

Percentis da N(0,1)
(b)

 /  M 0M" :N l CRI  Pl  - "C  &" /y A" v" *  l I  


 T" / y A" a!A   / L +  Z0
 d n N ; .~+  I "" 2   " C:; D M!03 - A /
. Bp . TN ; T0]l0]\     n! + 8[T K   " + :  ;  
"
II   + A " / ; | l l   / !@F-P + A  oy
 . @G
u  :A  ;
 BB y M . \ B y B . l ` yP` MM" ` y
` 3>[CCnA &"1D N ;

rq

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m $$ m[
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\ `
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o
\
Bl

T
o
\
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o
\
\

\
o
l
o
l
\
lBlBTl
o
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\

`
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\
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\
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` T
l
lBTB

l
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\
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`
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\
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`

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l


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t
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k

o
k
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"

MM
MM3pp
p
M

B
lB
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Tl
\

p

MM

p
NM3p
M

pp
M
p
M
p
NM

\
B

`
`

Bl
8H I
P TB yP` M\ ` yP` 0:    CI "" @    "2  + A l C 
[C  ;    0c!=  C . / L"@   T" /y A " *  n IC 
 C /  
 u An @ LA@=" 0 1 v xs1  n" + :   C +  
  + ADF- . I nnn-    z "|[ClI dD NnA & I "
v xs -" xPm Px  . I! sx 2 n "   [
 C  ;  Px  n  = A [C 
" + L   !" " "   !0 o   F   T"    I
/ " xPxje fe x: je J

C   s nLOB; e Yxe Yxe x .  <x  $ z x FMx \ . C 

e . e e " C@  . s [ C.F + N . u =; F- . " B" I ;n ; wD NnA & t"
[
 C  ; )0 s" + "  &" u X , < xlp B  \B B/ n " w-"[  "  . !! !
" l /X ; :2
n F su : !0

-2

-1

-1

oo
o
o
o
oooo
o
o
oo
oooo
o
o
o
o
o
o
oooooo
o oo

-3

2
1
0
-1

o
-3

Componente do Desvio

o
oo
o
o
o
o
o
oooo
oo
o
o
ooooooo
ooo
o
ooo
o oo

Componente do Desvio

z ${"|}<~{"}{"|)[H |

-2

-1

Percentis da N(0,1)

Percentis da N(0,1)

(a)

(b)

B""     " 


B [  T 

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B>*8  sB % y s  A [ ") B"C 


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