Smart specialisation in Europe: European specialisation data by region

Center for Strategy and Competitiveness, CSC Stockholm School of Economics April 2011

A recent Staff working document (2010-553) discusses the role of clusters for regional growth and regional smart specialisation strategies. A key task for European Cluster Observatory is to provide data and analysis about clusters in Europe, and we have for that purpose developed a database on the sectoral industry composition of all regions in EU-27 and in other European countries. Clusters are wider than individual industries. They are systems of industries that are related to each other. This report takes a step down in the level of analysis, by studying individual industries, and identifying for each region in which industries the region is particularly specialised. It includes all industries, even such that are typically not particularly concentrated to certain regions (such as retail) and such that are largely a part of the public sector (primary education). 3-digit industries have been used (rather than the more detailed 4-digit), since this level of detail is available for all EU countries. Some of these are rather broadly defined, while others are narrow. For each region, up to 20 industries are listed in which the region is most specialised. The minimum degree of specialisation is 1.5 (meaning the region is at least 50% “overrepresented” in the industry), and the industry must have at least 500 employees in the region (in order to eliminate high specialisations in very narrow industries).

REGIONAL INDUSTRY SPECIALISATION
The table lists for each EU region the industries in which the region has the highest specialisation compared to other regions. Example: Burgenland has a specialisation of 2.37 in "Manufacture of other food products". This is the 2nd highest degree of specialisation for that industry in EU-27. Only industries with a minumum specialisation of 1.5 and a minimum employment of 500 persons are included. Up to 20 industries are listed for each region, but many regions meet these criteria for less than 15 regions. Note: Specialisation 1.5 means that the region has 50% more employment in the industry than the size of the region motivates.

AUSTRIA Burgenland
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 Industry Manufacture of other food products Manufacture of electrical equipment n.e.c. Wholesale of agricultural raw materials and live animals Restaurants Building completion Building installation Manufacture of structural metal products Wholesale of food, beverages and tobacco Other land transport Manufacture of builders' carpentry and joinery Sale of motor vehicles Hotels Letting of own property Manufacture of furniture Production and distribution of electricity Rank in Europe 2 3 3 3 5 6 7 10 10 12 12 16 16 40 46 Specialisation 2.37 8.59 5.23 2.35 2.21 1.76 2.23 1.71 1.64 3.07 1.90 3.11 2.12 1.66 1.70 Employment 1 987 1 710 603 3 864 2 262 2 392 1 128 1 195 3 060 753 1 047 2 492 707 984 686

Niederösterreich
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18

Industry Wholesale of agricultural raw materials and live animals Retail sale in non-specialized stores

Rank in Europe 1 2 5 7 7 12 13 14 15 16 17 20 23 24 26 28 28 29

Specialisation 6.26 2.08 6.74 5.47 5.41 1.66 1.57 1.71 2.13 1.60 3.01 2.59 2.62 2.69 1.77 2.09 2.01 3.61

Employment 5 732 39 571 7 023 1 945 966 6 319 36 127 22 402 1 014 9 226 2 048 2 108 1 060 1 429 7 990 2 993 2 129 1 612

Scheduled air transport Manufacture of tubes Manufacture of games and toys Retail sale of pharmaceutical and medical goods, cosmetic and toilet articles Other retail sale of new goods in specialized stores Restaurants Renting of personal and household goods n.e.c. Wholesale of non-agricultural intermediate products, waste and scrap Manufacture of basic precious and non-ferrous metals Manufacture of agricultural and forestry machinery Quarrying of sand and clay Manufacture of gas; distribution of gaseous fuels through mains Wholesale of machinery, equipment and supplies Manufacture of articles of concrete, plaster and cement Manufacture of electricity distribution and control apparatus Manufacture of veneer sheets; manufacture of plywood, laminboard, particle board, fibre board and other panels and boards Sale of motor vehicles Other supporting transport activities

19 20

29 35

1.62 1.59

7 088 3 751

Wien
1 2

Industry Other supporting transport activities Post and courier activities

Rank in Europe 1 1

Specialisation 5.91 2.97

Employment 21 519 26 403

Regional Industry Specialisation
3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 Insurance and pension funding, except compulsory social security Data processing Industrial cleaning Telecommunications Wholesale of household goods Advertising Manufacture of electric motors, generators and transformers Wholesale of machinery, equipment and supplies Activities auxiliary to financial intermediation, except insurance and pension funding Restaurants Manufacture of television and radio transmitters and apparatus for line telephony and line telegraphy Database activities Activities of travel agencies and tour operators; tourist assistance activities n.e.c. Retail sale of second-hand goods in stores Renting of automobiles Other financial intermediation Letting of own property Software consultancy and supply 2 2 4 5 6 6 7 9 16 18 20 22 23 24 26 27 27 27 4.28 4.19 1.91 2.50 2.11 2.41 4.27 2.52 1.75 1.60 2.14 2.46 1.63 2.18 2.07 1.74 1.77 1.71 24 213 8 116 25 560 17 220 20 437 8 501 8 040 17 590 3 176 32 352 2 934 795 4 461 1 087 1 319 3 612 7 272 13 961

Kärnten
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20

Industry Wholesale of agricultural raw materials and live animals Manufacture of other non-metallic mineral products Restaurants Manufacture of articles of concrete, plaster and cement Hotels Sawmilling and planing of wood; impregnation of wood Manufacture of other general purpose machinery Manufacture of domestic appliances n.e.c. Manufacture of builders' carpentry and joinery Manufacture of structural metal products Letting of own property Manufacture of other special purpose machinery Production and distribution of electricity Camping sites and other provision of short-stay accommodation Manufacture of agricultural and forestry machinery Retail sale of automotive fuel Manufacture of cutlery, tools and general hardware Data processing Sale of motor vehicles Labour recruitment and provision of personnel

Rank in Europe 2 4 8 10 11 19 20 21 23 27 29 30 30 32 38 38 39 40 46 48

Specialisation 5.38 10.33 2.07 2.64 4.71 4.00 1.86 2.84 2.41 1.78 1.74 2.23 1.90 2.28 1.97 1.66 1.81 1.69 1.50 1.78

Employment 1 585 1 178 8 720 1 217 9 655 1 460 2 105 792 1 515 2 300 1 483 2 340 1 959 818 517 875 725 683 2 120 5 187

Steiermark
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Industry Tanning and dressing of leather Wholesale of agricultural raw materials and live animals Manufacture of tubes Manufacture of electronic valves and tubes and other electronic components Manufacture of pulp, paper and paperboard Forging, pressing, stamping and roll forming of metal; powder metallurgy Manufacture of industrial process control equipment Manufacture of electric motors, generators and transformers Manufacture of builders' carpentry and joinery Restaurants Manufacture of cutlery, tools and general hardware

Rank in Europe 3 5 8 8 10 11 11 12 13 13 14

Specialisation 15.41 4.29 5.38 5.20 5.24 4.02 3.68 3.00 3.04 1.85 3.01

Employment 1 908 2 911 1 418 4 879 2 898 2 529 843 2 706 4 384 17 967 2 776

2

Regional Industry Specialisation
12 13 14 15 16 Manufacture of basic iron and steel and of ferro-alloys Other first processing of iron and steel Manufacture of motor vehicles Manufacture of articles of paper and paperboard Manufacture of non-refractory ceramic goods other than for construction purposes; manufacture of refractory ceramic products Hotels Sawmilling and planing of wood; impregnation of wood Manufacture of other special purpose machinery Manufacture of steam generators, except central heating hot water boilers 15 15 15 22 23 5.22 3.45 3.29 2.00 2.45 5 731 983 7 616 2 161 1 106

17 18 19 20

25 27 28 29

2.04 2.71 2.26 2.87

9 621 2 279 5 447 749

Oberösterreich
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20

Industry Manufacture of motorcycles and bicycles Manufacture of sports goods Retail sale of pharmaceutical and medical goods, cosmetic and toilet articles Manufacture of electricity distribution and control apparatus Manufacture of agricultural and forestry machinery Wholesale of agricultural raw materials and live animals Manufacture of industrial process control equipment Manufacture of plastic products Manufacture of machine tools Manufacture of other special purpose machinery Manufacture of optical instruments and photographic equipment Manufacture of builders' carpentry and joinery Wholesale of non-agricultural intermediate products, waste and scrap Manufacture of basic precious and non-ferrous metals Manufacture of pulp, paper and paperboard Manufacture of tanks, reservoirs and containers of metal; manufacture of central heating radiators and boilers Manufacture of furniture Manufacture of other general purpose machinery Manufacture of steam generators, except central heating hot water boilers Manufacture of bodies (coachwork) for motor vehicles; manufacture of trailers and semi-trailers

Rank in Europe 3 4 7 11 12 12 14 15 15 17 19 20 22 23 24 24 24 25 25 25

Specialisation 10.96 10.62 1.74 3.81 3.92 3.22 3.59 2.09 2.83 2.81 2.77 2.44 1.56 2.74 2.97 2.86 2.14 1.69 3.36 2.13

Employment 1 538 1 256 6 750 4 118 3 255 3 001 1 130 9 833 4 004 9 298 1 150 4 837 9 175 1 895 2 252 1 459 10 269 6 039 1 203 1 366

Salzburg
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8

Industry Reproduction of recorded media Manufacture of sports goods Retail sale of pharmaceutical and medical goods, cosmetic and toilet articles Sale of motor vehicles Sale of motor vehicle parts and accessories Hotels Advertising Manufacture of veneer sheets; manufacture of plywood, laminboard, particle board, fibre board and other panels and boards Wholesale of non-agricultural intermediate products, waste and scrap Wholesale of household goods Manufacture of cutlery, tools and general hardware Manufacture of medical and surgical equipment and orthopaedic appliances Restaurants Retail sale not in stores

Rank in Europe 1 1 1 2 2 8 8 15

Specialisation 24.25 20.27 3.35 2.29 2.85 5.28 2.09 5.04

Employment 1 065 1 079 5 849 4 598 2 298 15 398 2 185 1 031

9 10 11 12 13 14

17 18 19 20 24 26

1.59 1.67 2.77 2.00 1.51 1.81

4 209 4 792 1 582 1 321 9 024 2 042

3

Regional Industry Specialisation
15 16 17 18 19 Wholesale of agricultural raw materials and live animals Camping sites and other provision of short-stay accommodation Wholesale of machinery, equipment and supplies Sawmilling and planing of wood; impregnation of wood Data processing 27 28 32 35 42 2.11 2.44 1.68 2.38 1.51 885 1 251 3 465 1 236 865

Tirol
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10

Industry Manufacture of glass and glass products Hotels Manufacture of pharmaceuticals, medicinal chemicals and botanical products Manufacture of other non-metallic mineral products Manufacture of domestic appliances n.e.c. Restaurants Other land transport Manufacture of basic precious and non-ferrous metals Manufacture of optical instruments and photographic equipment Manufacture of veneer sheets; manufacture of plywood, laminboard, particle board, fibre board and other panels and boards Camping sites and other provision of short-stay accommodation Sawmilling and planing of wood; impregnation of wood Manufacture of electric motors, generators and transformers Activities of travel agencies and tour operators; tourist assistance activities n.e.c. Manufacture of cutlery, tools and general hardware Retail sale of automotive fuel Forging, pressing, stamping and roll forming of metal; powder metallurgy Casting of metals Production and distribution of electricity Manufacture of builders' carpentry and joinery

Rank in Europe 1 1 6 7 7 10 12 13 16 17

Specialisation 11.55 8.54 3.41 7.65 5.27 1.96 1.56 4.38 2.89 4.82

Employment 7 092 27 169 3 292 1 354 2 286 12 792 11 557 1 488 590 1 075

11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20

17 18 22 30 32 42 47 55 56 65

3.47 4.07 2.42 1.52 2.17 1.61 1.56 1.51 1.54 1.51

1 938 2 304 1 471 1 347 1 351 1 320 663 726 2 460 1 474

Vorarlberg
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19

Industry Manufacture of other textiles Manufacture of knitted and crocheted articles Manufacture of other general purpose machinery Finishing of textiles Manufacture of cutlery, tools and general hardware Manufacture of furniture Manufacture of articles of paper and paperboard Activities of other transport agencies Textile weaving Hotels Industrial cleaning Wholesale of machinery, equipment and supplies Restaurants Manufacture of builders' carpentry and joinery Manufacture of electric motors, generators and transformers Processing and preserving of fruit and vegetables Manufacture of dairy products Treatment and coating of metals; general mechanical engineering Production and distribution of electricity

Rank in Europe 2 4 4 5 5 5 11 13 14 15 17 23 23 24 33 34 40 45 50

Specialisation 8.92 7.96 3.41 5.91 4.61 3.88 2.46 3.37 3.84 3.37 1.58 1.82 1.51 2.41 1.79 2.74 1.87 1.52 1.65

Employment 2 000 1 136 3 402 652 1 633 5 193 1 018 3 173 805 6 099 3 894 2 342 5 606 1 334 620 684 686 1 562 1 502

BELGIUM Brussels

4

Regional Industry Specialisation
Industry 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 Insurance and pension funding, except compulsory social security Activities of business, employers' and professional organizations Monetary intermediation Other financial intermediation Compulsory social security activities Activities of trade unions Extra-territorial organizations and bodies Telecommunications Hardware consultancy Radio and television activities Canteens and catering Activities auxiliary to financial intermediation, except insurance and pension funding Administration of the State and the economic and social policy of the community Provision of services to the community as a whole Wholesale of household goods Technical testing and analysis Higher education Other entertainment activities Wholesale of machinery, equipment and supplies Advertising Rank in Europe 1 1 2 2 2 2 2 3 3 3 5 6 7 8 10 10 13 15 15 18 Specialisation 4.32 7.21 3.80 4.54 4.79 9.15 18.03 3.12 6.21 4.58 2.53 2.92 2.29 3.12 1.91 2.12 2.59 1.62 2.12 1.78 Employment 15 146 5 836 37 921 5 840 12 920 2 038 2 145 13 301 5 644 5 692 7 154 3 291 47 707 23 020 11 453 2 238 14 087 3 443 9 173 3 886

Antwerpen
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20

Industry Manufacture of pesticides and other agro-chemical products

Rank in Europe 2 2 3 3 3 3 3 4 4 5 5 7 7 7 7 7 8 9 11 12

Specialisation 13.40 8.41 13.47 6.49 4.47 4.68 4.22 5.87 6.16 3.18 4.17 1.95 6.02 3.30 4.17 2.52 2.67 4.34 2.68 1.86

Employment 945 5 746 546 11 604 8 673 3 357 38 341 3 331 3 892 1 694 1 543 11 294 2 681 7 732 3 970 2 787 12 113 1 013 24 928 11 679

Manufacture of basic precious and non-ferrous metals Processing of nuclear fuel Manufacture of basic chemicals Manufacture of pharmaceuticals, medicinal chemicals and botanical products Manufacture of other chemical products Labour recruitment and provision of personnel Manufacture of lighting equipment and electric lamps Manufacture of bodies (coachwork) for motor vehicles; manufacture of trailers and semi-trailers Manufacture of paints, varnishes and similar coatings, printing ink and mastics Manufacture of jewellery and related articles Wholesale of non-agricultural intermediate products, waste and scrap Manufacture of refined petroleum products Cargo handling and storage Hardware consultancy Technical testing and analysis Wholesale of machinery, equipment and supplies Activities of trade unions Secondary education Wholesale of household goods

Limburg (BE)
1 2 3 4 5

Industry Labour recruitment and provision of personnel

Rank in Europe 1 2 3 5 6

Specialisation 4.62 4.16 2.39 3.40 4.79

Employment 17 166 2 453 3 952 12 949 598

Manufacture of articles of concrete, plaster and cement Manufacture of structural metal products Secondary education Manufacture of bricks, tiles and construction products, in baked clay

5

Regional Industry Specialisation
6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 Manufacture of tanks, reservoirs and containers of metal; manufacture of central heating radiators and boilers Manufacture of basic chemicals Manufacture of motor vehicles Manufacture of bodies (coachwork) for motor vehicles; manufacture of trailers and semi-trailers Treatment and coating of metals; general mechanical engineering Camping sites and other provision of short-stay accommodation Provision of services to the community as a whole Sale of motor vehicle parts and accessories Other land transport Social work activities Manufacture of pulp, paper and paperboard Manufacture of parts and accessories for motor vehicles and their engines Manufacture of plastic products Manufacture of basic iron and steel and of ferro-alloys Processing and preserving of fruit and vegetables 6 8 9 9 11 13 16 18 19 21 22 26 29 31 33 5.65 4.06 5.19 4.49 3.00 3.71 2.59 1.70 1.50 2.07 2.99 2.62 1.79 2.49 2.89 1 164 2 974 6 679 1 161 4 453 1 706 8 195 1 229 9 169 17 387 919 3 391 3 399 1 518 1 043

Oost-Vlaanderen
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20

Industry Manufacture of other textiles Labour recruitment and provision of personnel Activities of trade unions Manufacture of man-made fibres Textile weaving Secondary education

Rank in Europe 4 4 4 6 7 7 9 9 13 13 14 14 14 16 19 22 25 25 27 34

Specialisation 7.20 3.77 5.93 11.78 5.34 3.13 2.57 3.13 2.90 3.45 3.23 5.45 3.46 3.29 2.13 2.55 1.78 2.29 1.53 2.10

Employment 3 885 23 310 943 812 2 693 19 841 2 563 1 528 769 7 370 780 5 531 912 860 29 869 3 098 5 492 8 878 6 547 506

Manufacture of articles of paper and paperboard Manufacture of other chemical products Finishing of textiles Manufacture of motor vehicles Manufacture of luggage, handbags and the like, saddlery and harness Manufacture of basic iron and steel and of ferro-alloys Other first processing of iron and steel Manufacture of prepared animal feeds Social work activities Manufacture of basic chemicals Wholesale of machinery, equipment and supplies Higher education Wholesale of household goods Manufacture of steam generators, except central heating hot water boilers

Vlaams-Brabant
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Industry Wholesale of machinery, equipment and supplies Maintenance and repair of office, accounting and computing machinery Non-scheduled air transport Hardware consultancy Manufacture of accumulators, primary cells and primary batteries Wholesale of household goods Other supporting transport activities Technical testing and analysis Renting of automobiles

Rank in Europe 1 1 2 2 3 3 3 6 7 8 10

Specialisation 5.86 4.14 11.26 6.97 13.39 2.80 3.63 2.77 3.64 5.08 2.48

Employment 14 720 1 036 679 3 676 789 9 752 4 755 1 702 835 2 947 2 263

Scheduled air transport Manufacture of beverages

6

Regional Industry Specialisation
12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 Manufacture of paints, varnishes and similar coatings, printing ink and mastics Labour recruitment and provision of personnel Post and courier activities Other financial intermediation Manufacture of television and radio transmitters and apparatus for line telephony and line telegraphy Investigation and security activities Higher education Manufacture of lighting equipment and electric lamps Software consultancy and supply 10 10 12 12 14 14 15 20 20 2.67 2.86 1.72 2.37 2.55 2.09 2.57 2.41 2.02 790 14 415 5 506 1 767 1 258 4 692 8 109 758 5 943

West-Vlaanderen
Industry 1 2 3 4 5 Manufacture of other textiles Manufacture of agricultural and forestry machinery Labour recruitment and provision of personnel Textile weaving Manufacture of veneer sheets; manufacture of plywood, laminboard, particle board, fibre board and other panels and boards Other first processing of iron and steel Processing and preserving of fruit and vegetables Manufacture of television and radio receivers, sound or video recording or reproducing apparatus and associated goods Manufacture of prepared animal feeds Manufacture of bricks, tiles and construction products, in baked clay Secondary education Manufacture of made-up textile articles, except apparel Manufacture of vegetable and animal oils and fats Activities of trade unions Preparation and spinning of textile fibres Finishing of textiles Social work activities Manufacture of bodies (coachwork) for motor vehicles; manufacture of trailers and semi-trailers Manufacture of soap and detergents, cleaning and polishing preparations, perfumes and toilet preparations Manufacture of railway and tramway locomotives and rolling stock

Rank in Europe 1 2 2 3 4

Specialisation 15.88 6.18 4.48 8.20 7.82

Employment 7 732 3 108 25 015 3 726 2 153

6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20

4 5 6 8 8 8 10 11 11 15 15 16 21 27 28

9.93 6.34 7.39 3.95 4.20 3.04 3.12 5.53 4.27 3.80 2.79 2.41 2.45 1.55 2.59

2 358 3 439 2 231 930 787 17 414 1 483 653 612 1 036 668 30 441 951 752 784

Brabant Wallon
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15

Industry Manufacture of pharmaceuticals, medicinal chemicals and botanical products Wholesale of household goods Higher education Hardware consultancy

Rank in Europe 1 1 1 5 6 6 8 8 16 17 30 34 37 44 65

Specialisation 25.02 3.13 4.01 4.32 2.93 3.19 2.16 3.33 1.52 2.50 1.84 2.17 2.01 1.64 1.70

Employment 8 290 3 358 3 895 702 2 272 5 076 1 650 5 165 577 642 738 551 2 663 5 754 3 574

Wholesale of machinery, equipment and supplies Secondary education Telecommunications Labour recruitment and provision of personnel Other entertainment activities Agricultural and animal husbandry service activities, except veterinary activities; landscape gardening Cargo handling and storage Manufacture of basic iron and steel and of ferro-alloys Provision of services to the community as a whole Social work activities Primary education

7

Regional Industry Specialisation
Hainaut
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14

Industry Secondary education Activities of trade unions Quarrying of stone Labour recruitment and provision of personnel Manufacture of cement, lime and plaster Manufacture of basic iron and steel and of ferro-alloys Manufacture of steam generators, except central heating hot water boilers Manufacture of other special purpose machinery Manufacture of glass and glass products Social work activities Manufacture of basic chemicals Manufacture of soap and detergents, cleaning and polishing preparations, perfumes and toilet preparations Manufacture of aircraft and spacecraft Manufacture of non-refractory ceramic goods other than for construction purposes; manufacture of refractory ceramic products Manufacture of other chemical products Transport via railways Manufacture of pharmaceuticals, medicinal chemicals and botanical products Manufacture of insulated wire and cable Manufacture of tanks, reservoirs and containers of metal; manufacture of central heating radiators and boilers Cargo handling and storage

Rank in Europe 3 3 6 7 10 11 11 12 13 13 16 17 17 18

Specialisation 4.44 6.86 7.09 3.62 6.32 6.78 7.24 3.10 3.65 2.48 3.14 2.36 3.17 2.73

Employment 20 954 810 1 314 16 667 850 5 112 1 296 5 124 2 281 25 762 2 838 942 1 947 847

15 16 17 18 19 20

19 27 28 28 35 35

2.21 2.64 1.70 2.07 2.03 1.67

802 4 389 1 674 606 516 1 977

Liège
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20

Industry Manufacture of steam generators, except central heating hot water boilers Secondary education Activities of trade unions Manufacture of weapons and ammunition Labour recruitment and provision of personnel Manufacture of industrial process control equipment Manufacture of cement, lime and plaster Manufacture of basic iron and steel and of ferro-alloys Manufacture of beverages Manufacture of insulated wire and cable Manufacture of aircraft and spacecraft Provision of services to the community as a whole Casting of metals Social work activities Higher education Manufacture of basic precious and non-ferrous metals Manufacture of glass and glass products Manufacture of bodies (coachwork) for motor vehicles; manufacture of trailers and semi-trailers Treatment and coating of metals; general mechanical engineering Transport via railways

Rank in Europe 4 4 5 6 6 7 8 8 14 16 18 18 19 25 32 34 34 42 44 45

Specialisation 10.70 3.74 4.94 13.12 3.63 3.94 6.87 7.15 2.36 3.47 3.08 2.51 2.66 1.99 2.12 1.98 2.00 1.81 1.54 1.77

Employment 1 684 15 495 514 1 352 14 673 545 812 4 738 1 733 895 1 660 8 657 1 149 18 180 5 373 604 1 100 511 2 491 2 592

Luxembourg (BE)
1 2 3 4

Industry Secondary education Camping sites and other provision of short-stay accommodation Provision of services to the community as a whole Activities of other membership organizations

Rank in Europe 1 4 4 5

Specialisation 5.10 6.64 5.08 3.46

Employment 5 054 793 4 182 1 237

8

Regional Industry Specialisation
5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 Manufacture of pulp, paper and paperboard Post and courier activities Transport via railways Labour recruitment and provision of personnel Manufacture of other food products Social work activities Maintenance and repair of motor vehicles Sawmilling and planing of wood; impregnation of wood Primary education Manufacture of plastic products Production, processing and preserving of meat and meat products Compulsory social security activities 8 8 11 11 13 15 15 16 19 38 53 53 8.27 1.79 3.48 2.85 1.93 2.46 1.76 4.30 2.54 1.63 1.53 1.84 660 1 100 1 216 2 757 1 374 5 373 1 054 521 3 325 807 547 554

Namur
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20

Industry Secondary education Manufacture of railway and tramway locomotives and rolling stock Manufacture of glass and glass products Technical testing and analysis Provision of services to the community as a whole Social work activities Activities of other membership organizations Manufacture of articles of concrete, plaster and cement Manufacture of basic chemicals Research and experimental development on natural sciences and engineering Administration of the State and the economic and social policy of the community Manufacture of dairy products Post and courier activities Processing and preserving of fruit and vegetables Transport via railways Agricultural and animal husbandry service activities, except veterinary activities; landscape gardening Labour recruitment and provision of personnel Higher education Compulsory social security activities Primary education

Rank in Europe 2 3 4 5 7 7 7 14 19 21 21 24 27 29 29 33 37 52 54 57

Specialisation 4.92 8.50 7.39 2.89 3.21 2.81 3.25 2.51 2.95 2.05 1.89 2.48 1.53 2.98 2.58 1.88 1.97 1.71 1.81 1.80

Employment 8 796 807 1 753 616 4 774 11 074 2 095 696 1 014 849 7 953 618 1 696 505 1 631 542 3 438 1 874 983 4 248

BULGARIA Severozapaden
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 Industry Growing of crops; market gardening; horticulture Sewage and refuse disposal, sanitation and similar activities Production and distribution of electricity Manufacture of tubes Manufacture of cement, lime and plaster Manufacture of other wearing apparel and accessories Manufacture of made-up textile articles, except apparel Collection, purification and distribution of water Retail sale of automotive fuel Manufacture of rubber products Retail sale not in stores Manufacture of footwear Agricultural and animal husbandry service activities, except veterinary activities; landscape gardening Secondary education Rank in Europe 1 1 2 3 7 9 12 21 21 26 27 29 37 59 Specialisation 24.44 6.32 5.94 7.03 9.02 4.68 2.91 3.22 2.01 2.32 1.74 1.58 1.82 1.66 Employment 77 578 6 330 6 339 833 794 8 129 747 1 358 1 093 829 1 432 751 909 5 138

9

Regional Industry Specialisation
15 Primary education 85 1.51 6 169

Severen tsentralen
Industry 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 Manufacture of knitted and crocheted articles Manufacture of other wearing apparel and accessories Manufacture of weapons and ammunition Sewage and refuse disposal, sanitation and similar activities Quarrying of sand and clay Inland water transport Growing of crops; market gardening; horticulture Manufacture of paints, varnishes and similar coatings, printing ink and mastics Manufacture of non-refractory ceramic goods other than for construction purposes; manufacture of refractory ceramic products Manufacture of veneer sheets; manufacture of plywood, laminboard, particle board, fibre board and other panels and boards Manufacture of machine tools Collection, purification and distribution of water Retail sale of automotive fuel Manufacture of bricks, tiles and construction products, in baked clay Retail sale of second-hand goods in stores Manufacture of vegetable and animal oils and fats Sale of motor vehicle parts and accessories Manufacture of other products of wood; manufacture of articles of cork, straw and plaiting materials Manufacture of electric motors, generators and transformers Textile weaving

Rank in Europe 1 3 3 3 5 5 6 8 10

Specialisation 15.65 6.81 20.61 2.93 4.41 9.63 15.35 2.75 4.83

Employment 6 011 27 172 3 634 6 745 1 363 849 111 903 1 116 2 253

10

11

5.49

1 874

11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20

13 15 15 19 19 21 22 23 25 27

2.91 3.55 2.12 3.38 2.23 3.63 1.59 2.16 2.33 1.88

3 096 3 445 2 648 785 551 532 2 145 948 2 168 1 057

Severoiztochen
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20

Industry Growing of crops; market gardening; horticulture Hunting, trapping and game propagation, including related service activities Sewage and refuse disposal, sanitation and similar activities Manufacture of ceramic tiles and flags Manufacture of vegetable and animal oils and fats Retail sale of second-hand goods in stores Manufacture of accumulators, primary cells and primary batteries Manufacture of other wearing apparel and accessories Collection, purification and distribution of water Building and repairing of ships and boats Quarrying of sand and clay Wholesale of agricultural raw materials and live animals Manufacture of soap and detergents, cleaning and polishing preparations, perfumes and toilet preparations Retail sale of automotive fuel Other supporting transport activities Manufacture of grain mill products, starches and starch products

Rank in Europe 2 2 2 7 8 8 10 13 13 14 21 22 24 24 30 31 32 33 38 38

Specialisation 18.88 29.31 3.80 3.71 6.63 3.17 7.79 3.84 3.71 4.63 2.69 2.36 1.66 1.86 1.79 1.96 2.02 1.98 2.68 2.47

Employment 153 550 853 9 753 1 075 1 083 873 704 17 104 4 013 4 311 928 1 845 1 110 2 602 3 596 998 2 117 2 779 2 295 639

Manufacture of glass and glass products Manufacture of beverages Forestry, logging and related service activities Manufacture of bricks, tiles and construction products, in baked clay

Yugoiztochen
1

Industry Sewage and refuse disposal, sanitation and similar activities

Rank in Europe 4

Specialisation 2.79

Employment 4 062

10

Regional Industry Specialisation
2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 Growing of crops; market gardening; horticulture Manufacture of beverages Retail sale of automotive fuel Quarrying of sand and clay Manufacture of knitted and crocheted articles Mining and agglomeration of lignite Manufacture of articles of concrete, plaster and cement Other supporting transport activities Textile weaving Sale of motor vehicle parts and accessories Preparation and spinning of textile fibres Collection, purification and distribution of water Processing and preserving of fruit and vegetables Manufacture of grain mill products, starches and starch products Manufacture of other wearing apparel and accessories Forestry, logging and related service activities Manufacture of other textiles Hotels Manufacture of veneer sheets; manufacture of plywood, laminboard, particle board, fibre board and other panels and boards 5 5 5 6 9 10 12 12 15 16 16 18 21 24 27 31 33 33 36 16.33 3.16 2.53 3.74 5.21 6.94 2.54 3.01 3.58 1.71 3.74 3.43 3.76 2.66 2.54 3.28 2.25 1.50 2.46 75 434 2 516 2 004 733 1 269 1 015 1 766 3 433 1 280 1 458 801 2 108 1 601 770 6 436 1 598 860 4 642 532

Yugozapaden
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20

Industry Investigation and security activities

Rank in Europe 1 5 5 6 7 8 8 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 15 15 16 16 16

Specialisation 4.60 11.91 8.00 11.69 13.45 4.72 3.75 2.44 2.37 9.18 1.57 1.90 4.15 7.65 1.61 3.05 2.48 1.76 1.85 2.40

Employment 31 126 502 1 454 2 530 6 805 41 305 1 361 12 309 9 820 2 386 39 212 5 617 3 492 122 335 15 576 7 312 9 788 18 487 13 825 5 221

Mining of chemical and fertilizer minerals Non-scheduled air transport Mining of non-ferrous metal ores, except uranium and thorium ores Mining and agglomeration of lignite Manufacture of other wearing apparel and accessories Research and experimental development on social sciences and humanities Sewage and refuse disposal, sanitation and similar activities Retail sale not in stores Manufacture of tobacco products Other land transport Sale of motor vehicle parts and accessories Manufacture of knitted and crocheted articles Growing of crops; market gardening; horticulture Wholesale of non-agricultural intermediate products, waste and scrap Manufacture of footwear Other supporting transport activities Wholesale of household goods Telecommunications Radio and television activities

Yuzhen tsentralen
Industry 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 Manufacture of weapons and ammunition Manufacture of tobacco products Growing of crops; market gardening; horticulture Mining of non-ferrous metal ores, except uranium and thorium ores Manufacture of other wearing apparel and accessories Mining and agglomeration of lignite Manufacture of beverages Retail sale of automotive fuel Sewage and refuse disposal, sanitation and similar activities Preparation and spinning of textile fibres

Rank in Europe 1 2 3 3 4 5 6 6 6 13

Specialisation 31.47 21.36 17.57 23.00 6.13 19.13 2.65 2.34 2.54 4.08

Employment 9 604 4 381 221 716 3 931 42 349 7 643 5 765 5 070 10 106 2 387

11

Regional Industry Specialisation
11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 Textile weaving Manufacture of knitted and crocheted articles Manufacture of luggage, handbags and the like, saddlery and harness Manufacture of footwear Production and distribution of electricity Manufacture of soap and detergents, cleaning and polishing preparations, perfumes and toilet preparations Manufacture of basic precious and non-ferrous metals Manufacture of games and toys Sale of motor vehicle parts and accessories Manufacture of machinery for the production and use of mechanical power, except aircraft, vehicle and cycle engines 16 16 16 16 18 20 21 21 25 26 3.33 3.87 3.08 2.95 2.18 1.99 2.86 3.24 1.56 2.19 3 250 2 572 1 437 5 586 9 249 2 073 2 577 766 3 637 7 239

CYPRUS
Industry 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 Sea and coastal water transport Wholesale of food, beverages and tobacco Activities of travel agencies and tour operators; tourist assistance activities n.e.c. Other retail sale of new goods in specialized stores Wholesale of household goods Building of complete constructions or parts thereof; civil engineering Manufacture of builders' carpentry and joinery Manufacture of other food products Repair of personal and household goods Manufacture of articles of concrete, plaster and cement Maintenance and repair of motor vehicles Manufacture of beverages Manufacture of dairy products Quarrying of sand and clay Cutting, shaping and finishing of ornamental and building stone Rank in Europe 3 5 5 6 7 10 11 12 16 17 17 19 25 26 27 Specialisation 16.03 2.19 3.05 1.71 2.04 2.13 3.10 1.93 2.29 2.41 1.73 2.29 2.42 2.54 2.21 Employment 5 083 6 181 2 741 20 066 6 466 28 670 3 067 6 540 906 1 756 4 935 1 910 1 586 520 745

CZECH REPUBLIC Praha
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 Industry Other entertainment activities Database activities Reproduction of recorded media Advertising Manufacture of watches and clocks Repair of personal and household goods Manufacture of other transport equipment n.e.c. Retail sale of second-hand goods in stores Activities of travel agencies and tour operators; tourist assistance activities n.e.c. Telecommunications Manufacture of gas; distribution of gaseous fuels through mains Motion picture and video activities Manufacture of office machinery and computers Other wholesale Publishing Real estate activities on a fee or contract basis Research and experimental development on natural sciences and engineering Other land transport Rank in Europe 1 2 3 3 4 4 5 6 6 7 8 8 10 10 11 11 12 13 Specialisation 5.66 5.76 12.07 3.67 13.89 3.73 8.86 3.25 2.84 2.32 4.02 3.12 3.50 2.79 2.31 2.47 2.75 1.55 Employment 13 147 1 262 1 215 8 767 524 3 062 763 1 104 5 281 10 827 2 249 2 677 2 254 4 506 6 631 10 535 6 191 24 230

12

Regional Industry Specialisation
19 20 Other financial intermediation Library, archives, museums and other cultural activities 14 14 2.13 2.63 3 007 3 246

Stredni Cechy
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20

Industry Retail sale of second-hand goods in stores Manufacture of motorcycles and bicycles Manufacture of other chemical products Manufacture of accumulators, primary cells and primary batteries

Rank in Europe 3 4 7 7 7 8 8 8 8 8 9 9 9 10 10 12 13 16 17 17

Specialisation 4.10 9.95 3.35 8.57 6.28 3.05 5.40 2.12 3.30 3.70 3.08 4.34 8.21 7.00 4.57 2.34 5.89 3.15 1.74 3.10

Employment 1 209 1 251 2 183 827 17 909 2 187 880 15 727 1 013 11 031 954 1 404 614 1 472 4 346 1 215 832 3 525 1 296 1 254

Manufacture of motor vehicles Manufacture of soap and detergents, cleaning and polishing preparations, perfumes and toilet preparations Manufacture of games and toys Building completion Sale, maintenance and repair of motorcycles and related parts and accessories Transport via railways Manufacture of ceramic tiles and flags Manufacture of other non-metallic mineral products Manufacture of other transport equipment n.e.c. Manufacture of weapons and ammunition Scheduled air transport Veterinary activities Manufacture of tobacco products Manufacture of glass and glass products Motion picture and video activities Manufacture of refined petroleum products

Jihozapad
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20

Industry Manufacture of sports goods Manufacture of insulated wire and cable Forestry, logging and related service activities Manufacture of ceramic tiles and flags Manufacture of accumulators, primary cells and primary batteries Manufacture of parts and accessories for motor vehicles and their engines Manufacture of other transport equipment n.e.c. Recycling of metal waste and scrap Maintenance and repair of office, accounting and computing machinery Manufacture of made-up textile articles, except apparel Manufacture of man-made fibres Manufacture of other products of wood; manufacture of articles of cork, straw and plaiting materials Preparation and spinning of textile fibres Manufacture of luggage, handbags and the like, saddlery and harness Manufacture of other fabricated metal products Manufacture of tanks, reservoirs and containers of metal; manufacture of central heating radiators and boilers Forging, pressing, stamping and roll forming of metal; powder metallurgy Growing of crops combined with farming of animals (mixed farming) Manufacture of other textiles Manufacture of non-refractory ceramic goods other than for construction purposes; manufacture of refractory ceramic products

Rank in Europe 2 4 6 6 6 6 6 7 7 8 8 9 10 11 11 12 12 13 13 13

Specialisation 15.01 8.35 8.52 3.91 9.01 4.85 8.78 3.20 3.04 3.84 10.21 4.23 4.47 3.60 2.55 3.87 3.84 1.97 3.24 3.88

Employment 1 662 4 584 8 154 1 266 909 14 525 686 774 1 302 2 824 980 2 319 1 883 1 208 6 832 1 848 3 109 17 214 2 433 2 256

13

Regional Industry Specialisation
Severozapad
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9

Industry Manufacture of other chemical products Mining and agglomeration of lignite Manufacture of tanks, reservoirs and containers of metal; manufacture of central heating radiators and boilers Manufacture of musical instruments Building completion

Rank in Europe 1 2 2 2 2 2 2 3 3

Specialisation 7.05 59.23 6.77 19.87 2.41 5.46 18.00 8.04 12.37

Employment 4 214 14 949 2 838 1 166 16 397 14 942 1 735 5 309 6 307

Transport via railways Inland water transport Manufacture of other textiles Manufacture of non-refractory ceramic goods other than for construction purposes; manufacture of refractory ceramic products Manufacture of glass and glass products Manufacture of tubes Manufacture of insulated wire and cable Manufacture of games and toys Quarrying of sand and clay Manufacture of vegetable and animal oils and fats Repair of personal and household goods Sewage and refuse disposal, sanitation and similar activities Manufacture of other non-metallic mineral products Manufacture of gas; distribution of gaseous fuels through mains Preparation and spinning of textile fibres

10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20

5 5 5 5 7 7 7 7 10 10 11

6.56 6.24 7.60 6.58 3.72 6.82 2.66 2.47 4.10 3.91 4.26

6 747 1 856 3 663 983 1 259 1 092 1 739 6 213 1 215 1 742 1 573

Severovychod
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20

Industry Textile weaving

Rank in Europe 1 1 2 3 5 5 5 6 7 7 7 7 8 8 9 10 10 10 11 11

Specialisation 12.86 24.45 9.10 8.37 3.44 5.75 3.41 5.35 4.64 4.85 4.43 2.19 2.96 8.07 3.06 4.10 4.39 3.76 3.75 6.78

Employment 10 962 1 984 4 652 11 909 2 843 3 332 3 084 3 792 4 235 8 879 16 093 20 578 9 632 989 897 2 730 5 445 5 507 2 732 643

Manufacture of musical instruments Preparation and spinning of textile fibres Manufacture of glass and glass products Manufacture of other chemical products Manufacture of tanks, reservoirs and containers of metal; manufacture of central heating radiators and boilers Repair of personal and household goods Manufacture of office machinery and computers Manufacture of other textiles Manufacture of electrical equipment n.e.c. Manufacture of parts and accessories for motor vehicles and their engines Building completion Manufacture of other fabricated metal products Manufacture of accumulators, primary cells and primary batteries Recycling of metal waste and scrap Manufacture of other products of wood; manufacture of articles of cork, straw and plaiting materials Manufacture of rubber products Manufacture of electronic valves and tubes and other electronic components Manufacture of bodies (coachwork) for motor vehicles; manufacture of trailers and semi-trailers Manufacture of other transport equipment n.e.c.

Jihovychod
1 2 3 4

Industry Mining of uranium and thorium ores

Rank in Europe 1 7 7 8

Specialisation 89.54 8.45 2.52 3.78

Employment 885 863 1 788 5 858

Manufacture of other transport equipment n.e.c. Veterinary activities Manufacture of cutlery, tools and general hardware

14

Regional Industry Specialisation
5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 Database activities Repair of personal and household goods Growing of crops combined with farming of animals (mixed farming) Manufacture of other fabricated metal products Manufacture of sports goods Manufacture of other textiles Manufacture of motorcycles and bicycles Manufacture of glass and glass products Manufacture of tanks, reservoirs and containers of metal; manufacture of central heating radiators and boilers Mining and agglomeration of lignite Manufacture of games and toys Site preparation Retail sale of second-hand goods in stores Building completion Finishing of textiles Manufacture of agricultural and forestry machinery 8 9 10 10 10 11 11 12 13 14 14 15 15 16 16 17 3.37 2.53 2.40 2.79 6.29 3.85 4.77 3.83 3.74 1.65 4.19 2.83 2.64 1.82 2.65 3.04 876 2 463 27 472 9 782 911 3 785 819 5 872 2 336 621 932 6 226 1 064 18 410 1 283 3 087

Stredni Morava
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20

Industry Manufacture of optical instruments and photographic equipment Manufacture of sports goods Manufacture of rubber products Manufacture of bricks, tiles and construction products, in baked clay Manufacture of other fabricated metal products Manufacture of electric motors, generators and transformers Manufacture of tanks, reservoirs and containers of metal; manufacture of central heating radiators and boilers Manufacture of weapons and ammunition Manufacture of other transport equipment n.e.c. Forestry, logging and related service activities Manufacture of motorcycles and bicycles Manufacture of lighting equipment and electric lamps Casting of metals Manufacture of electricity distribution and control apparatus Transport via railways Manufacture of domestic appliances n.e.c. Manufacture of other general purpose machinery Manufacture of television and radio receivers, sound or video recording or reproducing apparatus and associated goods Manufacture of other products of wood; manufacture of articles of cork, straw and plaiting materials Manufacture of pulp, paper and paperboard

Rank in Europe 3 3 4 4 5 6 8 8 10 11 12 13 14 14 14 15 16 16 17 20

Specialisation 7.60 14.12 7.98 5.83 3.29 4.32 5.26 9.67 7.03 6.65 4.40 3.54 3.46 3.45 3.36 3.74 1.97 3.52 2.60 3.12

Employment 2 825 1 494 7 793 1 612 8 425 4 793 2 397 2 030 525 6 081 553 1 818 3 036 3 339 10 013 2 953 6 290 1 568 1 363 2 118

Moravskoslezsko
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Industry Other first processing of iron and steel

Rank in Europe 1 2 2 3 3 8 9 9 10 10 12

Specialisation 39.96 29.57 68.92 14.67 6.58 6.49 5.50 7.02 5.00 3.10 3.07

Employment 13 841 21 138 1 210 19 565 2 963 3 863 3 371 1 456 1 599 901 3 437

Mining and agglomeration of hard coal Manufacture of coke oven products Manufacture of basic iron and steel and of ferro-alloys Manufacture of tanks, reservoirs and containers of metal; manufacture of central heating radiators and boilers Steam and hot water supply Manufacture of basic precious and non-ferrous metals Manufacture of weapons and ammunition Manufacture of tubes Retail sale of second-hand goods in stores Manufacture of cutlery, tools and general hardware

15

Regional Industry Specialisation
12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 Manufacture of railway and tramway locomotives and rolling stock Manufacture of other fabricated metal products Transport via railways Manufacture of office machinery and computers Forestry, logging and related service activities Other computer related activities Casting of metals Manufacture of lighting equipment and electric lamps Manufacture of structural metal products 14 16 17 19 20 21 21 22 24 4.39 2.20 3.09 2.20 4.47 1.95 2.60 2.32 1.81 1 941 5 577 9 093 1 213 4 035 1 410 2 256 1 178 6 557

ESTONIA
Industry 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 Other wholesale Manufacture of made-up textile articles, except apparel Manufacture of builders' carpentry and joinery Renting of construction or demolition equipment with operator Wholesale of non-agricultural intermediate products, waste and scrap Sawmilling and planing of wood; impregnation of wood Processing and preserving of fish and fish products Manufacture of wooden containers Manufacture of sports goods Sale of motor vehicle parts and accessories Manufacture of insulated wire and cable Manufacture of veneer sheets; manufacture of plywood, laminboard, particle board, fibre board and other panels and boards Investigation and security activities Manufacture of articles of concrete, plaster and cement Manufacture of electric motors, generators and transformers Manufacture of furniture Building and repairing of ships and boats Manufacture of structural metal products Steam and hot water supply Retail sale of second-hand goods in stores Rank in Europe 6 7 7 9 12 13 14 14 14 17 19 21 Specialisation 3.85 4.09 4.16 3.87 1.81 5.01 4.63 3.86 4.10 1.70 2.64 4.21 Employment 6 232 3 312 8 522 1 100 10 995 5 970 2 103 1 304 501 3 152 1 597 1 974

13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20

22 22 28 30 30 36 37 41

1.74 2.24 2.06 1.99 2.13 1.61 3.01 1.67

7 375 3 383 2 638 9 880 2 447 6 791 2 089 567

FINLAND Itä-Suomi
1 2 Industry Forestry, logging and related service activities Manufacture of veneer sheets; manufacture of plywood, laminboard, particle board, fibre board and other panels and boards Other land transport Manufacture of agricultural and forestry machinery Manufacture of builders' carpentry and joinery Manufacture of pulp, paper and paperboard Manufacture of television and radio transmitters and apparatus for line telephony and line telegraphy Cutting, shaping and finishing of ornamental and building stone Manufacture of articles of concrete, plaster and cement Manufacture of railway and tramway locomotives and rolling stock Site preparation Manufacture of steam generators, except central heating hot water boilers Rank in Europe 1 1 Specialisation 16.42 18.32 Employment 3 867 1 919

3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12

1 3 4 4 4 5 6 6 6 8

2.28 5.91 4.92 13.81 5.43 5.52 2.97 5.69 4.64 9.10

7 946 1 130 2 250 2 417 1 130 861 1 001 656 1 919 751

16

Regional Industry Specialisation
13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 Sale of motor vehicle parts and accessories Manufacture of other special purpose machinery Sawmilling and planing of wood; impregnation of wood Real estate activities on a fee or contract basis Printing and service activities related to printing Post and courier activities Retail sale of automotive fuel Manufacture of other textiles 9 9 10 12 17 17 18 22 1.93 3.47 6.99 2.34 1.51 1.62 2.05 2.73 798 2 648 1 861 2 228 1 222 2 189 787 506

Etelä-Suomi/Åland
Industry 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 Database activities Manufacture of television and radio transmitters and apparatus for line telephony and line telegraphy Wholesale of machinery, equipment and supplies Publishing Data processing Sale of motor vehicle parts and accessories Manufacture of pulp, paper and paperboard Sea and coastal water transport Software consultancy and supply Architectural and engineering activities and related technical consultancy Manufacture of paints, varnishes and similar coatings, printing ink and mastics Printing and service activities related to printing Radio and television activities Other land transport Activities auxiliary to financial intermediation, except insurance and pension funding Manufacture of sports goods Manufacture of other general purpose machinery Site preparation Scheduled air transport Canteens and catering

Rank in Europe 1 2 3 5 5 6 7 7 8 8 14 14 14 15 15 15 17 18 18 19

Specialisation 6.05 13.78 3.17 2.68 3.79 2.15 9.35 8.49 2.70 1.89 2.51 1.54 2.54 1.54 1.75 3.90 1.92 2.75 2.87 1.82

Employment 1 722 16 689 19 544 10 032 6 477 5 164 9 519 7 244 19 428 19 303 1 817 7 258 4 497 31 201 2 815 619 9 215 6 623 4 085 7 331

Länsi-Suomi
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12

Industry Manufacture of other special purpose machinery Extraction and agglomeration of peat

Rank in Europe 2 3 3 3 4 4 5 5 7 7 7 9

Specialisation 5.18 36.47 20.28 9.08 5.25 5.90 3.35 5.88 2.66 3.68 1.81 6.14

Employment 9 780 600 8 775 4 676 2 486 1 058 7 029 2 146 2 250 5 348 15 569 1 591

Manufacture of pulp, paper and paperboard Manufacture of television and radio transmitters and apparatus for line telephony and line telegraphy Manufacture of agricultural and forestry machinery Manufacture of industrial process control equipment Treatment and coating of metals; general mechanical engineering Manufacture of bodies (coachwork) for motor vehicles; manufacture of trailers and semi-trailers Manufacture of articles of paper and paperboard Manufacture of machinery for the production and use of mechanical power, except aircraft, vehicle and cycle engines Other land transport Manufacture of veneer sheets; manufacture of plywood, laminboard, particle board, fibre board and other panels and boards Building and repairing of ships and boats Site preparation Manufacture of builders' carpentry and joinery Manufacture of other non-metallic mineral products Production, processing and preserving of meat and meat products

13 14 15 16 17

9 9 10 12 13

5.25 3.41 3.11 3.07 2.59

3 322 3 489 3 519 631 5 012

17

Regional Industry Specialisation
18 19 20 Manufacture of electricity distribution and control apparatus Forestry, logging and related service activities Manufacture of other textiles 13 14 14 3.50 5.34 3.19 2 154 3 108 1 460

Pohjois-Suomi
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20

Industry Manufacture of basic iron and steel and of ferro-alloys Manufacture of television and radio transmitters and apparatus for line telephony and line telegraphy Manufacture of builders' carpentry and joinery Architectural and engineering activities and related technical consultancy Other land transport Forestry, logging and related service activities Mining of non-ferrous metal ores, except uranium and thorium ores

Rank in Europe 1 1 2 3 4 5 5 5 5 11 13 14 14 17 18 18 25 26 26 30

Specialisation 15.77 29.11 5.73 2.13 2.17 9.23 16.02 12.45 4.65 1.91 3.58 6.41 3.71 4.22 1.81 2.45 2.36 1.64 1.53 1.84

Employment 5 744 6 346 2 743 3 916 7 897 2 276 508 2 281 2 016 827 1 114 554 525 1 175 786 2 176 1 888 1 106 2 162 803

Manufacture of pulp, paper and paperboard Site preparation Sale of motor vehicle parts and accessories Manufacture of electronic valves and tubes and other electronic components Manufacture of steam generators, except central heating hot water boilers Manufacture of insulated wire and cable Sawmilling and planing of wood; impregnation of wood Activities of travel agencies and tour operators; tourist assistance activities n.e.c. Treatment and coating of metals; general mechanical engineering Manufacture of other special purpose machinery Publishing Post and courier activities Manufacture of basic chemicals

FRANCE Île de France
1 2 3 Industry Hardware consultancy Research and experimental development on social sciences and humanities Legal, accounting, book-keeping and auditing activities; tax consultancy; market research and public opinion polling; business and management consultancy; holdings Motion picture and video activities Scheduled air transport Advertising Wholesale of machinery, equipment and supplies Other financial intermediation Telecommunications Other entertainment activities Monetary intermediation Manufacture of soap and detergents, cleaning and polishing preparations, perfumes and toilet preparations Activities auxiliary to financial intermediation, except insurance and pension funding Manufacture of television and radio transmitters and apparatus for line telephony and line telegraphy Insurance and pension funding, except compulsory social security Real estate activities on a fee or contract basis Rank in Europe 1 2 2 Specialisation 12.14 7.04 2.20 Employment 83 483 11 043 260 100

4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16

2 4 4 5 5 6 6 6 7 7 8 9 9

4.97 6.93 2.93 2.98 3.03 2.41 2.35 1.88 3.31 2.35 2.99 2.50 2.53

29 455 52 465 48 510 97 543 29 483 78 000 37 730 141 937 18 843 20 102 19 278 66 397 74 518

18

Regional Industry Specialisation
17 18 19 20 Renting of personal and household goods n.e.c. Research and experimental development on natural sciences and engineering Publishing Wholesale of household goods 10 11 13 15 2.33 2.81 2.22 1.77 8 068 43 843 44 023 80 257

Champagne-Ardenne
Industry 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 Manufacture of beverages Casting of metals Forging, pressing, stamping and roll forming of metal; powder metallurgy Manufacture of prepared animal feeds Wholesale of agricultural raw materials and live animals Manufacture of knitted and crocheted articles Manufacture of tubes Sale of motor vehicles Manufacture of other textiles Activities of business, employers' and professional organizations Manufacture of rubber products Manufacture of steam generators, except central heating hot water boilers Manufacture of cutlery, tools and general hardware Post and courier activities Manufacture of luggage, handbags and the like, saddlery and harness Manufacture of insulated wire and cable Other first processing of iron and steel Administration of the State and the economic and social policy of the community Letting of own property Manufacture of agricultural and forestry machinery

Rank in Europe 2 2 3 7 7 8 9 14 15 15 16 17 17 19 20 21 24 25 26 28

Specialisation 6.17 9.73 6.46 3.96 3.78 5.27 5.05 1.80 3.19 2.50 3.12 5.78 2.87 1.59 2.57 2.41 2.42 1.85 1.82 2.33

Employment 6 025 5 582 3 267 899 2 060 1 575 1 069 4 700 1 497 1 257 1 992 1 210 2 128 5 441 539 827 554 23 886 2 874 1 129

Picardie
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20

Industry Manufacture of paints, varnishes and similar coatings, printing ink and mastics Manufacture of soap and detergents, cleaning and polishing preparations, perfumes and toilet preparations Sale of motor vehicles Manufacture of rubber products Manufacture of steam generators, except central heating hot water boilers Manufacture of other chemical products Cargo handling and storage Manufacture of glass and glass products Manufacture of plastic products Manufacture of articles of paper and paperboard Human health activities Recycling of non-metal waste and scrap Administration of the State and the economic and social policy of the community Manufacture of grain mill products, starches and starch products Manufacture of agricultural and forestry machinery Manufacture of prepared animal feeds Processing and preserving of fruit and vegetables Manufacture of luggage, handbags and the like, saddlery and harness Casting of metals Manufacture of cutlery, tools and general hardware

Rank in Europe 1 2 5 6 9 10 10 11 12 15 15 15 15 20 21 22 23 23 23 24

Specialisation 6.29 6.48 2.08 5.92 8.41 2.88 2.89 4.15 2.29 2.41 1.65 2.48 2.05 3.01 2.55 2.98 3.73 2.41 2.57 2.47

Employment 2 576 3 927 7 032 4 904 2 284 1 586 5 200 3 933 8 179 2 711 43 383 657 34 380 1 388 1 603 879 2 527 655 1 912 2 370

Haute-Normandie

19

Regional Industry Specialisation
Industry 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 Manufacture of steam generators, except central heating hot water boilers Manufacture of refined petroleum products Technical testing and analysis Reproduction of recorded media Manufacture of pesticides and other agro-chemical products Manufacture of pharmaceuticals, medicinal chemicals and botanical products Manufacture of electricity distribution and control apparatus Manufacture of basic chemicals Manufacture of glass and glass products Cargo handling and storage Manufacture of paints, varnishes and similar coatings, printing ink and mastics Manufacture of motor vehicles Manufacture of soap and detergents, cleaning and polishing preparations, perfumes and toilet preparations Manufacture of aircraft and spacecraft Administration of the State and the economic and social policy of the community Renting of personal and household goods n.e.c. Manufacture of articles of paper and paperboard Manufacture of rubber products Manufacture of industrial process control equipment Manufacture of other chemical products Rank in Europe 1 3 3 4 4 4 5 6 7 8 11 11 14 14 16 21 21 23 23 24 Specialisation 15.38 10.19 3.23 6.88 11.01 4.16 4.81 4.40 4.82 3.13 2.63 3.63 2.68 3.51 2.04 1.82 2.06 2.37 2.47 1.92 Employment 4 503 3 756 2 964 549 643 6 691 4 247 6 518 4 933 6 081 1 161 9 448 1 754 3 525 36 989 720 2 497 2 112 635 1 139

Centre
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20

Industry Manufacture of soap and detergents, cleaning and polishing preparations, perfumes and toilet preparations Manufacture of pharmaceuticals, medicinal chemicals and botanical products Post and courier activities Manufacture of weapons and ammunition Manufacture of rubber products Research and experimental development on social sciences and humanities Administration of the State and the economic and social policy of the community Compulsory social security activities Manufacture of luggage, handbags and the like, saddlery and harness Wholesale of agricultural raw materials and live animals Wholesale of machinery, equipment and supplies Manufacture of steam generators, except central heating hot water boilers Manufacture of lighting equipment and electric lamps Production and distribution of electricity Sale of motor vehicles Hardware consultancy Technical testing and analysis Cargo handling and storage Telecommunications Treatment and coating of metals; general mechanical engineering

Rank in Europe 3 5 5 7 8 12 14 15 17 17 18 18 18 20 21 22 22 22 25 25

Specialisation 5.43 3.96 2.16 11.84 5.35 2.82 2.05 2.70 2.97 2.47 1.93 5.40 2.64 2.12 1.68 1.83 1.80 2.04 1.53 2.03

Employment 4 886 8 762 14 250 3 129 6 576 699 51 084 8 696 1 198 2 597 9 966 2 177 1 709 7 786 8 432 1 992 2 276 5 461 7 785 8 426

Basse-Normandie
Industry 1 2 Manufacture of dairy products Recycling of metal waste and scrap

Rank in Europe 2 5

Specialisation 6.06 3.49

Employment 4 979 562

20

Regional Industry Specialisation
3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 Manufacture of steam generators, except central heating hot water boilers Manufacture of bodies (coachwork) for motor vehicles; manufacture of trailers and semi-trailers Sale of motor vehicles Human health activities Activities of business, employers' and professional organizations Fishing, fish farming and related service activities Production, processing and preserving of meat and meat products Agricultural and animal husbandry service activities, except veterinary activities; landscape gardening Processing and preserving of fish and fish products Building completion Administration of the State and the economic and social policy of the community Wholesale of agricultural raw materials and live animals Manufacture of luggage, handbags and the like, saddlery and harness Technical testing and analysis Manufacture of wooden containers Manufacture of parts and accessories for motor vehicles and their engines Social work activities Forging, pressing, stamping and roll forming of metal; powder metallurgy 6 8 9 9 14 15 15 16 16 17 18 19 21 23 23 25 26 26 9.59 4.76 1.95 1.68 2.61 5.28 2.53 2.54 3.75 1.81 1.98 2.40 2.57 1.77 2.72 2.77 1.95 2.38 2 146 1 904 5 439 36 463 1 401 1 631 5 369 2 421 1 030 9 358 27 369 1 398 575 1 242 555 5 526 25 421 1 284

Bourgogne
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20

Industry Manufacture of steam generators, except central heating hot water boilers Manufacture of tubes Manufacture of rubber products Post and courier activities

Rank in Europe 2 6 9 9 13 15 16 17 18 18 19 19 19 20 20 21 23 25 26 26

Specialisation 12.95 6.02 5.03 1.76 2.05 3.23 2.39 3.53 2.90 2.32 2.65 1.52 1.59 2.39 2.53 1.87 1.66 2.34 2.03 2.18

Employment 3 348 1 572 3 961 7 423 32 813 7 773 1 254 834 2 259 583 1 225 6 222 39 870 1 608 5 235 6 192 5 353 531 791 921

Administration of the State and the economic and social policy of the community Transport via railways Manufacture of other chemical products Manufacture of wooden containers Manufacture of electricity distribution and control apparatus Recycling of non-metal waste and scrap Manufacture of bodies (coachwork) for motor vehicles; manufacture of trailers and semi-trailers Wholesale of food, beverages and tobacco Human health activities Wholesale of agricultural raw materials and live animals Compulsory social security activities Wholesale of machinery, equipment and supplies Sale of motor vehicles Manufacture of industrial process control equipment Manufacture of paints, varnishes and similar coatings, printing ink and mastics Manufacture of insulated wire and cable

Nord - Pas-de-Calais
Industry 1 2 3 4 Manufacture of steam generators, except central heating hot water boilers Retail sale not in stores Manufacture of glass and glass products Administration of the State and the economic and social policy of the community

Rank in Europe 3 4 8 8

Specialisation 12.81 3.05 4.59 2.27

Employment 7 818 13 078 9 786 85 587

21

Regional Industry Specialisation
5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 Manufacture of accumulators, primary cells and primary batteries Hardware consultancy Manufacture of tubes Recycling of non-metal waste and scrap Compulsory social security activities Manufacture of motor vehicles Manufacture of grain mill products, starches and starch products Manufacture of other textiles Manufacture of man-made fibres Renting of personal and household goods n.e.c. Manufacture of railway and tramway locomotives and rolling stock Other financial intermediation Preparation and spinning of textile fibres Processing and preserving of fish and fish products Manufacture of basic iron and steel and of ferro-alloys Finishing of textiles 11 11 12 12 12 14 15 16 16 16 17 20 21 24 24 26 7.33 2.95 4.82 2.88 2.78 3.43 3.42 3.15 4.38 2.12 4.19 1.93 3.13 2.56 3.25 1.87 1 346 4 854 2 972 1 712 13 564 18 585 3 551 4 306 765 1 755 3 569 4 502 2 396 1 921 8 346 1 260

Lorraine
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20

Industry Manufacture of tubes Human health activities Sale of motor vehicles Manufacture of steam generators, except central heating hot water boilers Manufacture of motor vehicles Manufacture of pulp, paper and paperboard Forging, pressing, stamping and roll forming of metal; powder metallurgy Renting of personal and household goods n.e.c. Compulsory social security activities Manufacture of dairy products Recycling of metal waste and scrap Administration of the State and the economic and social policy of the community Manufacture of basic iron and steel and of ferro-alloys Manufacture of rubber products Manufacture of glass and glass products Recycling of non-metal waste and scrap Manufacture of industrial process control equipment Other first processing of iron and steel Social work activities Manufacture of optical instruments and photographic equipment

Rank in Europe 4 4 6 7 12 13 13 13 14 15 18 19 20 22 23 27 28 29 31 32

Specialisation 6.39 1.77 2.00 9.53 3.47 4.19 3.68 2.25 2.70 3.13 2.58 1.97 4.40 2.45 2.49 2.03 2.28 2.14 1.81 1.56

Employment 2 141 56 867 8 255 3 162 10 235 2 946 2 946 1 009 7 171 3 810 618 40 363 6 148 2 477 2 884 654 665 776 34 906 602

Alsace
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10

Industry Manufacture of electricity distribution and control apparatus Manufacture of other transport equipment n.e.c. Manufacture of pesticides and other agro-chemical products Manufacture of television and radio transmitters and apparatus for line telephony and line telegraphy Manufacture of bodies (coachwork) for motor vehicles; manufacture of trailers and semi-trailers Wholesale of machinery, equipment and supplies Wholesale of non-agricultural intermediate products, waste and scrap Manufacture of pharmaceuticals, medicinal chemicals and botanical products Manufacture of office machinery and computers Hardware consultancy

Rank in Europe 3 4 5 7 7 7 10 13 14 14

Specialisation 5.31 10.08 9.15 3.00 4.77 2.89 1.83 2.57 2.56 2.79

Employment 4 941 724 563 2 336 2 630 11 429 9 283 4 348 1 375 2 318

22

Regional Industry Specialisation
11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 Manufacture of other food products Manufacture of beverages Manufacture of other textiles Sale of motor vehicles Manufacture of steam generators, except central heating hot water boilers Recycling of non-metal waste and scrap Manufacture of tanks, reservoirs and containers of metal; manufacture of central heating radiators and boilers Manufacture of machinery for the production and use of mechanical power, except aircraft, vehicle and cycle engines Manufacture of industrial process control equipment Human health activities 14 17 18 19 19 20 21 21 21 22 1.90 2.33 3.00 1.70 5.22 2.15 3.00 2.46 2.55 1.55 11 119 3 346 2 078 6 519 1 610 645 1 317 5 392 690 46 473

Franche-Comté
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20

Industry Forging, pressing, stamping and roll forming of metal; powder metallurgy Manufacture of watches and clocks Manufacture of optical instruments and photographic equipment Manufacture of motor vehicles Manufacture of games and toys Manufacture of plastic products Manufacture of dairy products Treatment and coating of metals; general mechanical engineering Manufacture of jewellery and related articles

Rank in Europe 1 1 2 2 4 5 6 7 7 11 15 18 18 20 21 21 22 23 23 24

Specialisation 9.45 95.19 9.37 10.62 7.74 2.75 5.13 3.29 3.41 3.18 3.17 3.14 2.92 1.58 2.88 2.45 4.46 1.89 2.41 1.65

Employment 4 057 1 726 1 930 16 768 698 6 421 3 343 6 006 633 2 001 563 509 1 422 27 195 4 571 1 043 793 20 710 1 478 3 657

Manufacture of cutlery, tools and general hardware Manufacture of luggage, handbags and the like, saddlery and harness Manufacture of wooden containers Casting of metals Human health activities Manufacture of parts and accessories for motor vehicles and their engines Activities of business, employers' and professional organizations Manufacture of steam generators, except central heating hot water boilers Administration of the State and the economic and social policy of the community Manufacture of electric motors, generators and transformers Sale of motor vehicles

Pays de la Loire
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13

Industry Production, processing and preserving of meat and meat products

Rank in Europe 4 8 9 10 12 13 13 14 15 15 16 17 19

Specialisation 4.45 3.93 3.51 7.93 3.34 4.67 3.12 1.86 3.10 3.40 3.11 2.93 2.60

Employment 24 755 6 202 561 4 654 1 964 8 497 4 772 25 247 4 215 3 567 6 705 5 240 5 238

Hardware consultancy Reproduction of recorded media Manufacture of steam generators, except central heating hot water boilers Manufacture of luggage, handbags and the like, saddlery and harness Building and repairing of ships and boats Wholesale of agricultural raw materials and live animals Building completion Manufacture of agricultural and forestry machinery Manufacture of bodies (coachwork) for motor vehicles; manufacture of trailers and semi-trailers Manufacture of dairy products Manufacture of rubber products Manufacture of aircraft and spacecraft

23

Regional Industry Specialisation
14 15 16 17 18 19 20 Wholesale of machinery, equipment and supplies Manufacture of plastic products Agricultural and animal husbandry service activities, except veterinary activities; landscape gardening Administration of the State and the economic and social policy of the community Manufacture of prepared animal feeds Forging, pressing, stamping and roll forming of metal; powder metallurgy Insurance and pension funding, except compulsory social security 20 25 25 28 29 29 30 1.88 1.84 2.15 1.80 2.58 2.31 1.54 14 129 14 208 5 367 65 139 1 642 3 271 9 374

Bretagne
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20

Industry Production, processing and preserving of meat and meat products Manufacture of prepared animal feeds Manufacture of television and radio transmitters and apparatus for line telephony and line telegraphy Hardware consultancy Research and experimental development on social sciences and humanities Processing and preserving of fish and fish products Fishing, fish farming and related service activities Manufacture of soap and detergents, cleaning and polishing preparations, perfumes and toilet preparations Wholesale of agricultural raw materials and live animals Telecommunications Activities of business, employers' and professional organizations Building completion Manufacture of dairy products Administration of the State and the economic and social policy of the community Agricultural and animal husbandry service activities, except veterinary activities; landscape gardening Building and repairing of ships and boats Human health activities Manufacture of steam generators, except central heating hot water boilers Renting of personal and household goods n.e.c. Processing and preserving of fruit and vegetables

Rank in Europe 1 2 6 9 9 10 11 11 11 11 12 13 19 22 22 22 25 26 27 28

Specialisation 6.16 8.79 3.13 3.10 3.71 7.81 7.78 2.92 3.31 2.11 2.75 1.86 3.07 1.89 2.28 2.83 1.52 3.35 1.69 3.12

Employment 28 613 4 665 3 861 4 085 1 115 4 692 5 258 3 189 4 214 13 078 3 223 21 072 5 520 57 138 4 740 4 294 72 422 1 638 1 119 3 807

Poitou-Charentes
Industry 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 Manufacture of wooden containers Manufacture of articles of paper and paperboard Insurance and pension funding, except compulsory social security Wholesale of agricultural raw materials and live animals Administration of the State and the economic and social policy of the community Quarrying of sand and clay Manufacture of steam generators, except central heating hot water boilers Post and courier activities Manufacture of bricks, tiles and construction products, in baked clay Manufacture of electric motors, generators and transformers Building completion Renting of personal and household goods n.e.c. Fishing, fish farming and related service activities Social work activities Building and repairing of ships and boats

Rank in Europe 3 4 4 8 9 11 16 16 17 19 19 19 20 20 21

Specialisation 5.83 3.00 3.54 3.78 2.17 3.20 5.80 1.64 3.46 2.50 1.79 1.93 4.36 2.12 3.19

Employment 1 414 3 307 9 785 2 614 35 670 976 1 541 7 110 793 2 296 10 962 694 1 601 32 681 2 631

24

Regional Industry Specialisation
16 17 Manufacture of aircraft and spacecraft Manufacture of instruments and appliances for measuring, checking, testing, navigating and other purposes, except industrial process control equipment Manufacture of electricity distribution and control apparatus Manufacture of beverages Activities of business, employers' and professional organizations 21 22 2.44 2.11 2 221 2 459

18 19 20

23 25 26

2.44 2.18 2.36

1 954 2 697 1 501

Aquitaine
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20

Industry Research and experimental development on social sciences and humanities Manufacture of aircraft and spacecraft Post and courier activities Hardware consultancy Administration of the State and the economic and social policy of the community Manufacture of steam generators, except central heating hot water boilers Wholesale of agricultural raw materials and live animals Manufacture of wooden containers Processing and preserving of fish and fish products Manufacture of other chemical products Telecommunications Technical testing and analysis Activities of business, employers' and professional organizations Camping sites and other provision of short-stay accommodation Compulsory social security activities Social work activities Research and experimental development on natural sciences and engineering Sale of motor vehicles Manufacture of pulp, paper and paperboard Building completion

Rank in Europe 6 7 7 12 12 13 16 19 22 22 23 24 25 26 28 29 30 32 32 35

Specialisation 5.30 7.21 1.87 2.86 2.14 6.94 2.48 2.94 2.68 2.03 1.58 1.77 2.37 2.56 2.39 1.89 1.82 1.57 2.41 1.56

Employment 1 612 12 250 15 129 3 819 65 480 3 441 3 201 1 330 1 628 2 038 9 895 2 748 2 818 4 032 9 450 54 504 5 505 9 704 2 529 17 900

Midi-Pyrénées
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17

Industry Manufacture of aircraft and spacecraft Hardware consultancy

Rank in Europe 1 4 6 7 9 14 14 16 18 23 24 24 24 25 26 28 28

Specialisation 13.33 4.48 2.30 1.92 2.86 3.10 1.66 1.85 2.39 2.40 3.73 1.53 1.99 2.03 1.52 1.73 1.87

Employment 20 223 5 333 62 847 18 014 3 193 3 570 11 981 2 562 6 444 2 550 1 648 8 550 51 192 594 1 992 502 3 624

Administration of the State and the economic and social policy of the community Architectural and engineering activities and related technical consultancy Manufacture of television and radio transmitters and apparatus for line telephony and line telegraphy Wholesale of agricultural raw materials and live animals Post and courier activities Technical testing and analysis Research and experimental development on natural sciences and engineering Activities of business, employers' and professional organizations Manufacture of steam generators, except central heating hot water boilers Telecommunications Social work activities Activities of trade unions Scheduled air transport Manufacture of weapons and ammunition Manufacture of instruments and appliances for measuring, checking, testing, navigating and other purposes, except industrial process control equipment Wholesale of machinery, equipment and supplies

18

28

1.73

9 819

25

Regional Industry Specialisation
19 20 Human health activities Compulsory social security activities 31 32 1.50 2.26 64 551 7 993

Limousin
1 2 3 4 5 6

Industry Manufacture of articles of paper and paperboard Manufacture of electricity distribution and control apparatus Human health activities Post and courier activities Administration of the State and the economic and social policy of the community Manufacture of non-refractory ceramic goods other than for construction purposes; manufacture of refractory ceramic products Compulsory social security activities Activities of business, employers' and professional organizations Technical testing and analysis Forging, pressing, stamping and roll forming of metal; powder metallurgy Printing and service activities related to printing Social work activities Sale of motor vehicles Production, processing and preserving of meat and meat products Wholesale of machinery, equipment and supplies Building completion Wholesale of agricultural raw materials and live animals Transport via railways Manufacture of pulp, paper and paperboard Manufacture of electronic valves and tubes and other electronic components

Rank in Europe 1 1 1 2 5 7

Specialisation 4.65 10.33 2.02 2.79 2.46 7.45

Employment 2 125 3 437 21 636 5 028 16 776 1 424

7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20

8 9 13 14 16 17 18 18 22 26 26 26 28 40

3.14 2.96 1.91 3.38 1.53 2.16 1.73 2.35 1.85 1.68 2.17 2.69 2.68 1.91

2 764 784 662 900 1 653 13 844 2 374 2 460 2 616 4 272 624 2 753 627 756

Rhône-Alpes
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20

Industry Processing of nuclear fuel Research and experimental development on social sciences and humanities Manufacture of steam generators, except central heating hot water boilers Manufacture of electricity distribution and control apparatus Hardware consultancy

Rank in Europe 2 4 5 6 6 7 9 9 14 15 15 16 17 19 22 22 24 25 26 26

Specialisation 29.72 6.55 9.60 4.75 4.27 7.40 3.84 6.86 2.27 2.30 2.67 3.41 2.33 2.54 2.40 2.80 1.87 1.92 1.93 1.85

Employment 3 571 4 219 10 068 15 016 12 043 1 548 3 533 2 376 30 520 13 231 28 731 12 876 4 968 1 741 4 492 9 335 121 458 2 218 4 234 7 954

Manufacture of pesticides and other agro-chemical products Manufacture of industrial process control equipment Manufacture of sports goods Wholesale of machinery, equipment and supplies Manufacture of pharmaceuticals, medicinal chemicals and botanical products Treatment and coating of metals; general mechanical engineering Manufacture of electronic valves and tubes and other electronic components Manufacture of other chemical products Manufacture of weapons and ammunition Manufacture of bodies (coachwork) for motor vehicles; manufacture of trailers and semi-trailers Camping sites and other provision of short-stay accommodation Administration of the State and the economic and social policy of the community Finishing of textiles Textile weaving Manufacture of medical and surgical equipment and orthopaedic appliances

26

Regional Industry Specialisation

Auvergne
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20

Industry Manufacture of rubber products Recycling of metal waste and scrap Manufacture of luggage, handbags and the like, saddlery and harness Forging, pressing, stamping and roll forming of metal; powder metallurgy Post and courier activities Administration of the State and the economic and social policy of the community Human health activities Compulsory social security activities Manufacture of dairy products Manufacture of pharmaceuticals, medicinal chemicals and botanical products Manufacture of steam generators, except central heating hot water boilers Manufacture of lighting equipment and electric lamps Manufacture of plastic products Hardware consultancy Activities of business, employers' and professional organizations Manufacture of other textiles Social work activities Building completion Wholesale of agricultural raw materials and live animals Manufacture of instruments and appliances for measuring, checking, testing, navigating and other purposes, except industrial process control equipment

Rank in Europe 1 4 6 6 6 10 12 13 14 14 15 16 18 18 18 19 22 23 25 27

Specialisation 22.64 3.78 5.80 5.05 1.94 2.16 1.67 2.77 3.13 2.50 5.94 2.72 2.06 2.21 2.47 2.86 2.05 1.71 2.24 1.89

Employment 13 862 548 1 166 2 452 6 360 26 857 32 515 4 451 2 310 2 761 1 193 878 5 431 1 196 1 189 1 290 23 945 7 925 1 171 1 669

Languedoc-Roussillon
Industry 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 Processing of nuclear fuel Research and experimental development on social sciences and humanities Administration of the State and the economic and social policy of the community Research and experimental development on natural sciences and engineering Manufacture of beverages Camping sites and other provision of short-stay accommodation Activities of other membership organizations Renting of personal and household goods n.e.c. Retail sale of pharmaceutical and medical goods, cosmetic and toilet articles Wholesale of food, beverages and tobacco Post and courier activities Compulsory social security activities Site preparation Social work activities Real estate activities on a fee or contract basis Sale of motor vehicles Hardware consultancy Manufacture of steam generators, except central heating hot water boilers Activities of business, employers' and professional organizations Manufacture of industrial process control equipment

Rank in Europe 1 1 1 8 9 9 12 17 17 18 20 22 23 23 24 26 27 28 32 42

Specialisation 63.90 11.42 3.38 2.89 2.50 3.97 2.70 2.12 1.58 1.54 1.58 2.50 2.39 2.01 1.71 1.64 1.66 2.94 2.15 1.87

Employment 2 546 2 439 72 594 6 134 4 053 4 381 8 899 996 5 956 8 434 9 007 6 944 4 165 40 660 6 871 7 101 1 556 1 023 1 794 570

Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur
Industry

Rank in Europe

Specialisation

Employment

27

Regional Industry Specialisation
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 Administration of the State and the economic and social policy of the community Renting of personal and household goods n.e.c. Hardware consultancy Compulsory social security activities Post and courier activities Manufacture of other chemical products Activities of other membership organizations Real estate activities on a fee or contract basis Retail sale of pharmaceutical and medical goods, cosmetic and toilet articles Technical testing and analysis Camping sites and other provision of short-stay accommodation Research and experimental development on natural sciences and engineering Manufacture of steam generators, except central heating hot water boilers Manufacture of industrial process control equipment Manufacture of electronic valves and tubes and other electronic components Sale, maintenance and repair of motorcycles and related parts and accessories Sea and coastal water transport Manufacture of refined petroleum products Hotels Site preparation 3 4 10 10 10 14 14 15 15 15 16 19 20 20 25 25 25 31 31 31 2.72 2.80 3.05 2.92 1.75 2.55 2.53 2.20 1.62 1.86 3.54 2.33 4.71 2.73 2.62 2.17 3.68 1.95 1.55 2.10 125 311 2 822 6 126 17 421 21 295 3 867 17 919 18 919 13 056 4 349 8 382 10 585 3 512 1 788 7 034 1 548 4 877 1 830 20 918 7 861

Corse
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9

Industry Camping sites and other provision of short-stay accommodation Administration of the State and the economic and social policy of the community Scheduled air transport Post and courier activities Site preparation Hotels Other supporting transport activities Compulsory social security activities Production and distribution of electricity

Rank in Europe 1 2 3 3 14 20 20 35 35

Specialisation 8.97 2.84 7.15 2.43 2.93 2.56 2.03 2.22 1.83

Employment 1 389 8 556 1 034 1 938 718 2 262 664 865 814

GERMANY Stuttgart
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 Industry Manufacture of machine tools Manufacture of motor vehicles Manufacture of cutlery, tools and general hardware Manufacture of optical instruments and photographic equipment Manufacture of other general purpose machinery Manufacture of electrical equipment n.e.c. Manufacture of office machinery and computers Manufacture of instruments and appliances for measuring, checking, testing, navigating and other purposes, except industrial process control equipment Manufacture of parts and accessories for motor vehicles and their engines Manufacture of electric motors, generators and transformers Manufacture of industrial process control equipment Manufacture of other special purpose machinery Manufacture of musical instruments Monetary intermediation Rank in Europe 1 1 4 4 7 8 9 9 Specialisation 10.10 12.12 5.07 6.24 2.58 4.83 3.84 3.70 Employment 35 789 96 403 16 052 6 485 23 078 19 457 5 988 14 544

9 10 11 12 13 14

9 10 10 11 11 12

4.20 3.25 3.74 3.33 3.83 1.63

33 578 10 079 2 937 27 593 684 43 102

28

Regional Industry Specialisation
15 16 17 18 19 20 Manufacture of accumulators, primary cells and primary batteries Wholesale of non-agricultural intermediate products, waste and scrap Manufacture of paints, varnishes and similar coatings, printing ink and mastics Manufacture of domestic appliances n.e.c. Wholesale on a fee or contract basis Manufacture of machinery for the production and use of mechanical power, except aircraft, vehicle and cycle engines 12 13 13 13 14 16 6.61 1.68 2.52 4.14 2.47 2.69 1 780 24 643 3 407 9 151 24 844 17 138

Karlsruhe
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8

Industry Manufacture of industrial process control equipment Software consultancy and supply Manufacture of jewellery and related articles Manufacture of other special purpose machinery Manufacture of medical and surgical equipment and orthopaedic appliances Manufacture of other chemical products Research and experimental development on natural sciences and engineering Manufacture of instruments and appliances for measuring, checking, testing, navigating and other purposes, except industrial process control equipment Sale of motor vehicle parts and accessories Manufacture of machine tools Manufacture of pharmaceuticals, medicinal chemicals and botanical products Manufacture of motor vehicles Manufacture of electrical equipment n.e.c. Wholesale on a fee or contract basis Manufacture of electric motors, generators and transformers Manufacture of agricultural and forestry machinery Manufacture of domestic appliances n.e.c. Manufacture of basic precious and non-ferrous metals Manufacture of office machinery and computers Manufacture of television and radio receivers, sound or video recording or reproducing apparatus and associated goods

Rank in Europe 2 3 4 5 5 6 6 7

Specialisation 10.98 3.55 6.01 4.10 3.74 3.41 3.04 5.22

Employment 5 624 31 044 3 666 22 153 8 932 4 035 10 826 13 347

9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20

7 8 9 10 11 13 16 18 18 19 20 20

2.05 5.11 3.21 4.21 3.27 2.51 2.78 2.93 3.03 2.91 2.13 2.46

5 993 11 800 10 283 21 855 8 578 16 434 5 607 3 960 4 360 3 283 2 169 1 998

Freiburg
1 2

Industry Manufacture of medical and surgical equipment and orthopaedic appliances Manufacture of instruments and appliances for measuring, checking, testing, navigating and other purposes, except industrial process control equipment Manufacture of watches and clocks Treatment and coating of metals; general mechanical engineering Manufacture of basic precious and non-ferrous metals Manufacture of other fabricated metal products Manufacture of machine tools Forging, pressing, stamping and roll forming of metal; powder metallurgy Manufacture of pharmaceuticals, medicinal chemicals and botanical products Manufacture of machinery for the production and use of mechanical power, except aircraft, vehicle and cycle engines Finishing of textiles Manufacture of other general purpose machinery Manufacture of weapons and ammunition Manufacture of optical instruments and photographic equipment

Rank in Europe 1 1

Specialisation 7.72 9.74

Employment 13 567 18 351

3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14

2 3 4 4 4 7 8 8 10 12 13 14

25.54 3.92 6.70 3.36 7.18 4.83 3.34 3.66 3.74 2.20 5.25 3.24

1 120 17 273 5 570 11 552 12 204 5 013 7 874 11 166 1 773 9 444 1 478 1 615

29

Regional Industry Specialisation
15 16 17 18 19 20 Printing and service activities related to printing Manufacture of other special purpose machinery Manufacture of office machinery and computers Recycling of non-metal waste and scrap Manufacture of paints, varnishes and similar coatings, printing ink and mastics Miscellaneous manufacturing n.e.c. 15 15 16 16 17 18 1.54 2.85 2.45 2.46 2.37 1.96 6 468 11 341 1 836 1 028 1 535 2 620

Tübingen
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8

Industry Manufacture of other special purpose machinery Manufacture of knitted and crocheted fabrics Manufacture of pharmaceuticals, medicinal chemicals and botanical products Manufacture of other general purpose machinery Manufacture of medical and surgical equipment and orthopaedic appliances Retail sale of pharmaceutical and medical goods, cosmetic and toilet articles Manufacture of machine tools Manufacture of instruments and appliances for measuring, checking, testing, navigating and other purposes, except industrial process control equipment Manufacture of electrical equipment n.e.c. Manufacture of machinery for the production and use of mechanical power, except aircraft, vehicle and cycle engines Manufacture of other transport equipment n.e.c. Manufacture of plastic products Manufacture of cutlery, tools and general hardware Manufacture of bodies (coachwork) for motor vehicles; manufacture of trailers and semi-trailers Manufacture of aircraft and spacecraft Manufacture of electric motors, generators and transformers Manufacture of electronic valves and tubes and other electronic components Treatment and coating of metals; general mechanical engineering Casting of metals Manufacture of other fabricated metal products

Rank in Europe 1 2 2 2 2 2 3 3

Specialisation 5.59 16.38 5.37 3.66 5.14 2.06 8.46 6.67

Employment 18 544 2 763 10 580 13 088 7 536 8 010 12 004 10 482

9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20

4 5 8 10 10 10 13 15 18 19 20 20

5.99 4.44 8.43 2.36 3.42 4.46 3.52 2.87 3.11 2.40 2.62 2.08

9 665 11 307 704 11 123 4 336 2 857 4 332 3 559 4 015 8 822 2 571 5 958

Oberbayern
1 2 3 4

Industry Manufacture of motor vehicles

Rank in Europe 4 5 5 6

Specialisation 8.35 4.53 3.29 5.52

Employment 71 730 11 034 7 375 23 381

Manufacture of television and radio transmitters and apparatus for line telephony and line telegraphy Motion picture and video activities Manufacture of instruments and appliances for measuring, checking, testing, navigating and other purposes, except industrial process control equipment Activities auxiliary to insurance and pension funding Manufacture of electric motors, generators and transformers Research and experimental development on natural sciences and engineering Maintenance and repair of office, accounting and computing machinery Activities of other membership organizations Manufacture of aircraft and spacecraft Monetary intermediation Insurance and pension funding, except compulsory social security Software consultancy and supply Research and experimental development on social sciences and humanities

5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14

7 8 9 10 10 11 11 11 11 11

2.15 4.11 2.85 2.43 2.77 4.76 1.63 2.37 2.48 2.88

10 497 13 732 16 832 3 005 25 450 15 788 46 632 23 829 36 008 1 712

30

Regional Industry Specialisation
15 16 17 18 19 20 Manufacture of basic chemicals Radio and television activities Publishing Manufacture of electronic valves and tubes and other electronic components Manufacture of pharmaceuticals, medicinal chemicals and botanical products Scheduled air transport 12 12 14 14 17 17 3.57 2.82 2.08 3.55 2.20 3.09 17 453 10 028 15 671 12 340 11 697 8 858

Niederbayern
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Industry Manufacture of bricks, tiles and construction products, in baked clay Manufacture of bodies (coachwork) for motor vehicles; manufacture of trailers and semi-trailers Manufacture of plastic products Manufacture of parts and accessories for motor vehicles and their engines

Rank in Europe 1 2 3 4 4 5 8 10 12 12 12

Specialisation 8.50 7.83 3.06 6.14 1.98 1.78 4.56 3.44 2.96 3.60 3.14

Employment 1 546 2 953 8 465 11 567 6 658 11 554 1 115 5 162 2 470 2 730 2 907

Maintenance and repair of motor vehicles Building installation Manufacture of optical instruments and photographic equipment Manufacture of machinery for the production and use of mechanical power, except aircraft, vehicle and cycle engines Manufacture of machine tools Manufacture of electronic valves and tubes and other electronic components Manufacture of instruments and appliances for measuring, checking, testing, navigating and other purposes, except industrial process control equipment Manufacture of electric motors, generators and transformers Manufacture of glass and glass products Manufacture of television and radio transmitters and apparatus for line telephony and line telegraphy Manufacture of electrical equipment n.e.c. Retail sale of pharmaceutical and medical goods, cosmetic and toilet articles Manufacture of insulated wire and cable Manufacture of other fabricated metal products Quarrying of stone Manufacture of articles of concrete, plaster and cement

12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20

14 15 16 17 18 20 23 23 24

2.96 3.16 2.40 2.78 1.57 2.51 1.97 3.27 2.24

2 159 2 325 1 279 2 638 3 592 867 3 330 714 1 924

Oberpfalz
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13

Industry Manufacture of electronic valves and tubes and other electronic components Manufacture of other special purpose machinery Sale of motor vehicle parts and accessories Manufacture of industrial process control equipment Manufacture of glass and glass products Manufacture of electricity distribution and control apparatus Manufacture of plastic products Manufacture of electric motors, generators and transformers Recycling of non-metal waste and scrap Maintenance and repair of motor vehicles Manufacture of medical and surgical equipment and orthopaedic appliances Activities of other transport agencies Manufacture of non-refractory ceramic goods other than for construction purposes; manufacture of refractory ceramic products Manufacture of instruments and appliances for measuring, checking, testing, navigating and other purposes, except industrial process control equipment

Rank in Europe 1 4 4 5 6 7 8 9 9 9 11 11 12

Specialisation 18.08 4.33 2.41 4.82 5.14 4.48 2.51 3.95 3.17 1.80 2.96 3.50 4.19

Employment 13 372 8 239 2 484 870 3 690 2 782 6 766 2 810 635 5 911 2 494 6 779 1 494

14

14

2.71

2 444

31

Regional Industry Specialisation
15 16 17 18 19 20 Manufacture of articles of concrete, plaster and cement Labour recruitment and provision of personnel Retail sale not in stores Manufacture of builders' carpentry and joinery Production, processing and preserving of meat and meat products Manufacture of machine tools 16 19 22 22 23 26 2.41 2.41 1.92 2.42 2.14 2.18 2 025 12 720 2 766 2 752 4 179 1 771

Oberfranken
1 2

Industry Manufacture of plastic products

Rank in Europe 1 1

Specialisation 5.66 16.55

Employment 15 536 5 990

Manufacture of non-refractory ceramic goods other than for construction purposes; manufacture of refractory ceramic products Manufacture of games and toys Finishing of textiles Manufacture of medical and surgical equipment and orthopaedic appliances Manufacture of machine tools Textile weaving Manufacture of electricity distribution and control apparatus Preparation and spinning of textile fibres Insurance and pension funding, except compulsory social security Manufacture of machinery for the production and use of mechanical power, except aircraft, vehicle and cycle engines Activities of other transport agencies Manufacture of optical instruments and photographic equipment Manufacture of parts and accessories for motor vehicles and their engines Manufacture of glass and glass products Retail sale of pharmaceutical and medical goods, cosmetic and toilet articles Manufacture of other fabricated metal products Production, processing and preserving of meat and meat products Manufacture of other textiles Manufacture of furniture

3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20

1 4 4 5 9 10 12 12 14 14 15 15 17 19 19 20 20 20

18.37 6.19 4.95 6.91 4.98 4.04 4.13 2.30 2.74 3.37 3.16 3.24 3.08 1.56 2.13 2.28 2.86 2.26

1 949 1 426 4 236 5 715 2 178 2 546 1 084 4 993 4 074 6 621 767 6 046 2 250 3 530 3 563 4 514 1 339 6 326

Mittelfranken
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Industry Manufacture of electric motors, generators and transformers

Rank in Europe 1 3 4 4 5 6 6 7 9 10 10

Specialisation 27.57 14.61 3.79 4.99 6.78 2.62 3.38 3.89 2.83 5.19 3.61

Employment 36 411 2 833 2 185 13 551 516 13 153 11 764 13 988 10 246 3 245 6 049

Manufacture of games and toys Manufacture of paints, varnishes and similar coatings, printing ink and mastics Manufacture of machinery for the production and use of mechanical power, except aircraft, vehicle and cycle engines Manufacture of musical instruments Manufacture of plastic products Production and distribution of electricity Activities of other transport agencies Activities of other membership organizations Manufacture of insulated wire and cable Manufacture of instruments and appliances for measuring, checking, testing, navigating and other purposes, except industrial process control equipment Manufacture of domestic appliances n.e.c. Casting of metals Miscellaneous manufacturing n.e.c. Software consultancy and supply Manufacture of machine tools Labour recruitment and provision of personnel

12 13 14 15 16 17

11 13 15 15 16 18

4.73 3.52 2.88 2.28 2.78 2.42

4 453 3 690 3 431 13 038 4 207 23 795

32

Regional Industry Specialisation
18 19 20 Insurance and pension funding, except compulsory social security Manufacture of footwear Manufacture of television and radio receivers, sound or video recording or reproducing apparatus and associated goods 19 19 19 1.94 2.66 2.64 7 686 4 137 1 403

Unterfranken
1 2 3 4 5 6 7

Industry

Rank in Europe 1 1 2 3 3 4 5

Specialisation 9.85 6.92 27.00 6.77 5.00 5.25 5.79

Employment 17 895 4 097 1 975 15 446 12 036 4 639 6 492

Manufacture of machinery for the production and use of mechanical power, except aircraft, vehicle and cycle engines Manufacture of agricultural and forestry machinery Manufacture of man-made fibres Manufacture of parts and accessories for motor vehicles and their engines Activities of other transport agencies Manufacture of electric motors, generators and transformers Manufacture of instruments and appliances for measuring, checking, testing, navigating and other purposes, except industrial process control equipment Casting of metals Manufacture of other special purpose machinery Manufacture of medical and surgical equipment and orthopaedic appliances Retail sale of pharmaceutical and medical goods, cosmetic and toilet articles Manufacture of pulp, paper and paperboard Manufacture of tubes Manufacture of paints, varnishes and similar coatings, printing ink and mastics Manufacture of machine tools Sale of motor vehicle parts and accessories Wholesale on a fee or contract basis Activities of other membership organizations Compulsory social security activities

8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19

12 13 13 14 17 19 21 21 24 43 45 51

3.68 2.98 2.69 1.64 3.85 3.79 2.20 2.50 1.58 1.57 1.68 1.85

2 576 7 044 2 811 4 538 2 084 980 848 2 528 2 021 4 501 4 086 3 789

Schwaben
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19

Industry Manufacture of machine tools Manufacture of electricity distribution and control apparatus Manufacture of man-made fibres Manufacture of other special purpose machinery Manufacture of dairy products Manufacture of office machinery and computers Manufacture of lighting equipment and electric lamps Manufacture of aircraft and spacecraft Printing and service activities related to printing Forging, pressing, stamping and roll forming of metal; powder metallurgy Quarrying of sand and clay Manufacture of bodies (coachwork) for motor vehicles; manufacture of trailers and semi-trailers Manufacture of other general purpose machinery Activities of other transport agencies Publishing Manufacture of articles of paper and paperboard Manufacture of plastic products Manufacture of structural metal products Manufacture of instruments and appliances for measuring, checking, testing, navigating and other purposes, except industrial process control equipment Miscellaneous manufacturing n.e.c.

Rank in Europe 2 2 3 3 4 4 6 6 6 9 14 14 15 15 16 17 17 17 18

Specialisation 8.49 5.42 18.85 5.01 5.43 5.75 5.01 7.98 1.89 4.27 2.85 3.53 2.01 3.33 1.99 2.20 2.08 2.00 2.41

Employment 11 416 5 554 1 834 15 735 6 776 3 404 2 733 9 303 6 288 3 507 1 112 2 146 6 809 10 645 5 264 3 093 9 271 7 787 3 593

20

20

1.82

1 925

33

Regional Industry Specialisation
Berlin
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10

Industry Compulsory social security activities Activities of other membership organizations Activities of business, employers' and professional organizations Real estate activities on a fee or contract basis Research and experimental development on natural sciences and engineering Motion picture and video activities Manufacture of electric motors, generators and transformers Extra-territorial organizations and bodies Other entertainment activities Legal, accounting, book-keeping and auditing activities; tax consultancy; market research and public opinion polling; business and management consultancy; holdings Industrial cleaning Research and experimental development on social sciences and humanities Activities of trade unions Advertising News agency activities Manufacture of lighting equipment and electric lamps Manufacture of medical and surgical equipment and orthopaedic appliances Activities auxiliary to insurance and pension funding Technical testing and analysis Manufacture of instruments and appliances for measuring, checking, testing, navigating and other purposes, except industrial process control equipment

Rank in Europe 1 1 2 3 3 3 5 5 8 12

Specialisation 5.39 4.27 4.48 2.73 3.22 4.60 4.37 6.51 1.89 1.54

Employment 27 848 26 207 6 949 20 334 12 724 6 898 9 784 1 483 7 671 45 992

11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20

12 13 15 15 15 17 17 18 19 19

1.63 2.81 3.25 1.82 3.14 2.68 2.10 1.82 1.83 2.22

25 973 1 118 1 388 7 642 1 287 2 777 5 558 5 937 3 716 6 289

Brandenburg
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20

Industry Recycling of non-metal waste and scrap Agricultural and animal husbandry service activities, except veterinary activities; landscape gardening Mining and agglomeration of lignite Compulsory social security activities

Rank in Europe 1 4 6 7 11 12 12 13 13 15 15 17 18 19 20 22 23 26 28 29

Specialisation 7.05 3.01 16.27 3.25 2.16 6.10 3.42 2.63 1.83 4.25 2.47 2.01 2.87 2.16 1.75 2.03 2.51 1.86 1.90 2.72

Employment 2 938 5 489 5 969 11 125 2 142 608 13 778 2 697 15 761 2 538 10 022 53 204 1 424 10 808 6 396 5 315 774 2 726 7 422 4 912

Motion picture and video activities Manufacture of other transport equipment n.e.c. Activities of other transport agencies Activities of business, employers' and professional organizations Miscellaneous business activities n.e.c. Manufacture of railway and tramway locomotives and rolling stock Activities of other membership organizations Administration of the State and the economic and social policy of the community Manufacture of optical instruments and photographic equipment Adult and other education Sewage and refuse disposal, sanitation and similar activities Research and experimental development on natural sciences and engineering Recycling of metal waste and scrap Manufacture of aircraft and spacecraft Production and distribution of electricity Manufacture of basic iron and steel and of ferro-alloys

Bremen
1 2 3

Industry Cargo handling and storage Activities of other transport agencies Activities auxiliary to insurance and pension funding

Rank in Europe 1 1 3

Specialisation 5.82 8.23 2.47

Employment 6 113 12 265 1 982

34

Regional Industry Specialisation
4 5 Activities of other membership organizations Manufacture of instruments and appliances for measuring, checking, testing, navigating and other purposes, except industrial process control equipment Other supporting transport activities Processing and preserving of fish and fish products Other wholesale Labour recruitment and provision of personnel Compulsory social security activities Activities of business, employers' and professional organizations Wholesale on a fee or contract basis Sea and coastal water transport Building and repairing of ships and boats Activities of travel agencies and tour operators; tourist assistance activities n.e.c. Sewage and refuse disposal, sanitation and similar activities Research and experimental development on natural sciences and engineering Technical testing and analysis Real estate activities on a fee or contract basis Adult and other education 3 4 3.54 6.60 5 322 4 585

6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20

6 7 9 9 11 11 12 13 18 22 31 33 36 38 42

3.33 12.03 2.90 2.87 2.84 2.89 2.55 6.10 3.50 1.65 1.53 1.73 1.56 1.54 1.56

3 535 2 340 2 012 11 705 3 594 1 098 4 536 1 716 1 719 1 313 2 067 1 678 775 2 809 2 887

Hamburg
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9

Industry Manufacture of aircraft and spacecraft Activities of other transport agencies Advertising Insurance and pension funding, except compulsory social security Publishing Manufacture of refined petroleum products Sea and coastal water transport Technical testing and analysis Legal, accounting, book-keeping and auditing activities; tax consultancy; market research and public opinion polling; business and management consultancy; holdings Compulsory social security activities Manufacture of medical and surgical equipment and orthopaedic appliances Renting of automobiles Radio and television activities Motion picture and video activities News agency activities Cargo handling and storage Manufacture of other chemical products Other wholesale Retail sale not in stores Non-scheduled air transport

Rank in Europe 2 2 2 3 4 4 4 4 5

Specialisation 12.86 5.66 3.76 3.82 2.87 7.03 12.25 3.09 1.91

Employment 20 650 24 954 11 415 18 630 10 455 4 147 10 191 4 531 41 357

10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20

6 7 8 8 10 10 11 13 13 13 13

3.31 3.44 3.54 3.10 2.82 3.73 2.84 2.58 2.40 2.13 3.74

12 390 6 589 1 940 5 349 3 062 1 108 8 825 2 457 4 916 6 990 539

Darmstadt
1 2 3 4 5 6 7

Industry Manufacture of other chemical products Scheduled air transport Other supporting transport activities Research and experimental development on natural sciences and engineering Monetary intermediation Activities auxiliary to financial intermediation, except insurance and pension funding Activities of business, employers' and professional organizations

Rank in Europe 2 2 2 2 3 3 3

Specialisation 4.87 10.84 3.75 3.31 2.99 3.25 3.71

Employment 8 356 27 186 21 211 17 104 74 789 9 177 7 532

35

Regional Industry Specialisation
8 Legal, accounting, book-keeping and auditing activities; tax consultancy; market research and public opinion polling; business and management consultancy; holdings Extra-territorial organizations and bodies News agency activities Manufacture of instruments and appliances for measuring, checking, testing, navigating and other purposes, except industrial process control equipment Manufacture of paints, varnishes and similar coatings, printing ink and mastics Advertising Other financial intermediation Renting of personal and household goods n.e.c. Other wholesale Activities of travel agencies and tour operators; tourist assistance activities n.e.c. Real estate activities on a fee or contract basis Activities of other membership organizations Software consultancy and supply 4 1.94 75 988

9 10 11

6 7 8

6.44 4.05 3.83

1 919 2 172 14 204

12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20

9 10 10 11 15 15 17 17 19

2.73 1.90 2.49 2.30 2.16 2.00 2.15 2.40 2.05

3 486 10 411 8 022 2 638 7 988 8 521 21 019 19 251 26 010

Gießen
1 2

Industry Casting of metals Manufacture of instruments and appliances for measuring, checking, testing, navigating and other purposes, except industrial process control equipment Activities of other membership organizations Retail sale of pharmaceutical and medical goods, cosmetic and toilet articles Manufacture of other fabricated metal products Manufacture of optical instruments and photographic equipment Manufacture of electricity distribution and control apparatus Treatment and coating of metals; general mechanical engineering Manufacture of electrical equipment n.e.c. Higher education Research and experimental development on natural sciences and engineering Human health activities Manufacture of bricks, tiles and construction products, in baked clay Maintenance and repair of motor vehicles Manufacture of machine tools Manufacture of basic iron and steel and of ferro-alloys Manufacture of other general purpose machinery Forging, pressing, stamping and roll forming of metal; powder metallurgy Quarrying of stone Manufacture of plastic products

Rank in Europe 1 2

Specialisation 11.56 6.94

Employment 5 693 5 472

3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20

4 5 6 6 8 10 10 12 14 14 16 18 18 19 22 23 27 28

3.47 1.79 3.15 5.40 4.24 3.02 3.31 2.66 2.55 1.65 3.54 1.70 2.63 4.48 1.78 2.51 3.05 1.80

5 925 3 475 4 524 1 126 2 301 5 571 2 672 7 696 2 799 28 839 549 4 883 1 872 3 389 3 184 1 091 567 4 236

Kassel
1 2 3 4 5 6 7

Industry Mining of chemical and fertilizer minerals Manufacture of parts and accessories for motor vehicles and their engines Manufacture of other transport equipment n.e.c. Activities of other transport agencies Manufacture of medical and surgical equipment and orthopaedic appliances Retail sale of pharmaceutical and medical goods, cosmetic and toilet articles Human health activities

Rank in Europe 1 2 2 4 10 13 13

Specialisation 186.95 9.02 29.03 4.34 3.01 1.65 1.66

Employment 2 965 17 898 1 502 9 068 2 736 3 968 35 761

36

Regional Industry Specialisation
8 Manufacture of instruments and appliances for measuring, checking, testing, navigating and other purposes, except industrial process control equipment Manufacture of machine tools Compulsory social security activities Activities of other membership organizations Manufacture of plastic products Labour recruitment and provision of personnel Wholesale on a fee or contract basis Social work activities Manufacture of tanks, reservoirs and containers of metal; manufacture of central heating radiators and boilers Manufacture of pulp, paper and paperboard 20 2.21 2 151

9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17

22 23 24 27 36 37 38 42 57

2.45 2.49 2.25 1.80 2.03 1.68 1.70 1.80 1.66

2 154 4 417 4 750 5 254 11 568 4 187 22 010 570 783

Mecklenburg-Vorpommern
Industry 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 Adult and other education Miscellaneous business activities n.e.c. Compulsory social security activities Agricultural and animal husbandry service activities, except veterinary activities; landscape gardening Building and repairing of ships and boats Activities of business, employers' and professional organizations Recycling of non-metal waste and scrap Retail sale of second-hand goods in stores Activities of other membership organizations Hotels Processing and preserving of fish and fish products Sea and coastal water transport Manufacture of medical and surgical equipment and orthopaedic appliances Maintenance and repair of motor vehicles Camping sites and other provision of short-stay accommodation Activities of other transport agencies Research and experimental development on natural sciences and engineering Renting of automobiles Administration of the State and the economic and social policy of the community Production and distribution of electricity

Rank in Europe 2 4 4 6 7 7 10 17 18 19 20 20 22 22 24 24 27 33 34 37

Specialisation 3.33 2.27 3.43 2.93 6.46 3.09 2.99 2.43 2.34 2.68 2.90 4.33 1.95 1.67 2.68 2.79 1.90 1.75 1.63 1.81

Employment 12 061 14 127 8 505 3 868 6 211 2 297 902 691 6 893 15 056 1 104 2 384 2 478 8 262 2 636 8 148 3 592 637 31 276 5 114

Niedersachsen
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15

Industry Retail sale of pharmaceutical and medical goods, cosmetic and toilet articles

Rank in Europe 4 5 7 8 10 11 13 14 17 17 18 19 21 23 24

Specialisation 1.79 7.55 12.53 5.74 3.50 3.45 3.37 3.16 2.44 2.49 2.42 3.27 4.17 2.27 1.65

Employment 27 246 94 395 1 421 925 46 395 2 643 11 006 1 568 2 403 8 408 8 856 1 071 1 765 13 592 36 963

Manufacture of motor vehicles Extraction and agglomeration of peat Processing of nuclear fuel Activities of other transport agencies Service activities incidental to oil and gas extraction, excluding surveying Manufacture of agricultural and forestry machinery Extra-territorial organizations and bodies Extraction of crude petroleum and natural gas Activities of business, employers' and professional organizations Wholesale of agricultural raw materials and live animals Manufacture of other transport equipment n.e.c. Manufacture of accumulators, primary cells and primary batteries Agricultural and animal husbandry service activities, except veterinary activities; landscape gardening Maintenance and repair of motor vehicles

37

Regional Industry Specialisation
16 17 18 19 20 Manufacture of television and radio receivers, sound or video recording or reproducing apparatus and associated goods Manufacture of television and radio transmitters and apparatus for line telephony and line telegraphy Production, processing and preserving of meat and meat products Manufacture of prepared animal feeds Manufacture of rubber products 27 27 30 30 30 1.85 2.03 1.88 2.58 2.23 3 621 7 199 25 044 3 933 9 571

Düsseldorf
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Industry Manufacture of cutlery, tools and general hardware

Rank in Europe 3 6 7 7 7 9 9 10 11 11 13

Specialisation 5.68 4.43 2.89 2.71 3.38 6.98 3.59 4.98 2.25 4.11 1.53

Employment 20 619 10 145 4 468 31 267 15 168 30 201 34 704 9 884 5 202 1 485 72 551

Manufacture of soap and detergents, cleaning and polishing preparations, perfumes and toilet preparations Manufacture of paints, varnishes and similar coatings, printing ink and mastics Wholesale on a fee or contract basis Other wholesale Manufacture of basic iron and steel and of ferro-alloys Activities of other transport agencies Manufacture of basic precious and non-ferrous metals Mining and agglomeration of hard coal Extra-territorial organizations and bodies Legal, accounting, book-keeping and auditing activities; tax consultancy; market research and public opinion polling; business and management consultancy; holdings Manufacture of man-made fibres Recycling of non-metal waste and scrap Monetary intermediation Casting of metals Advertising Compulsory social security activities Manufacture of television and radio transmitters and apparatus for line telephony and line telegraphy Inland water transport Wholesale of non-agricultural intermediate products, waste and scrap

12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20

13 14 15 15 16 16 18 19 20

5.37 2.65 1.55 3.22 1.80 2.69 2.29 3.50 1.58

1 576 2 647 47 041 9 064 11 986 22 041 5 922 1 177 26 584

Köln
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19

Industry Activities of other membership organizations Wholesale on a fee or contract basis Insurance and pension funding, except compulsory social security Radio and television activities Manufacture of paints, varnishes and similar coatings, printing ink and mastics Research and experimental development on natural sciences and engineering Motion picture and video activities Manufacture of refined petroleum products Activities of business, employers' and professional organizations Mining and agglomeration of lignite Manufacture of basic chemicals Manufacture of other chemical products Extra-territorial organizations and bodies Activities of other transport agencies Other wholesale Manufacture of lighting equipment and electric lamps Manufacture of pulp, paper and paperboard Inland water transport Scheduled air transport

Rank in Europe 2 4 5 5 6 7 7 8 8 9 14 15 15 16 17 19 21 21 22

Specialisation 3.66 2.91 2.91 3.54 2.91 2.91 3.14 5.85 3.06 7.77 3.37 2.48 2.39 3.13 2.06 2.51 3.01 3.04 2.17

Employment 28 620 26 993 24 934 10 734 3 621 14 635 6 010 6 070 6 053 5 489 14 064 4 154 696 24 304 7 439 3 326 5 255 821 5 308

38

Regional Industry Specialisation
20 Retail sale of pharmaceutical and medical goods, cosmetic and toilet articles 24 1.53 13 700

Münster
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20

Industry Manufacture of paints, varnishes and similar coatings, printing ink and mastics Technical testing and analysis Manufacture of other transport equipment n.e.c. Mining and agglomeration of hard coal Agricultural and animal husbandry service activities, except veterinary activities; landscape gardening Manufacture of bodies (coachwork) for motor vehicles; manufacture of trailers and semi-trailers Activities of business, employers' and professional organizations Activities of other transport agencies Retail sale of pharmaceutical and medical goods, cosmetic and toilet articles Manufacture of basic chemicals Manufacture of plastic products Manufacture of machine tools Manufacture of other chemical products Data processing Compulsory social security activities Manufacture of other special purpose machinery Wholesale of agricultural raw materials and live animals Finishing of textiles Textile weaving Manufacture of other general purpose machinery

Rank in Europe 2 2 3 4 5 6 6 8 10 13 16 17 18 18 19 21 21 22 22 23

Specialisation 5.90 3.68 13.13 10.88 2.93 4.81 3.11 3.78 1.69 3.46 2.09 2.76 2.32 2.65 2.59 2.57 2.39 1.99 2.28 1.71

Employment 3 884 5 029 1 334 10 718 5 445 3 747 3 251 15 498 7 970 7 633 11 954 4 764 2 056 4 111 9 034 10 364 2 712 955 2 081 7 443

Detmold
1 2 3 4 5 6 7

Industry Manufacture of office machinery and computers Printing and service activities related to printing Manufacture of domestic appliances n.e.c. Extra-territorial organizations and bodies Manufacture of plastic products Manufacture of electricity distribution and control apparatus Manufacture of veneer sheets; manufacture of plywood, laminboard, particle board, fibre board and other panels and boards Manufacture of agricultural and forestry machinery Manufacture of cutlery, tools and general hardware Manufacture of machine tools Manufacture of furniture Wholesale of non-agricultural intermediate products, waste and scrap Manufacture of tubes Manufacture of other products of wood; manufacture of articles of cork, straw and plaiting materials Manufacture of industrial process control equipment Manufacture of instruments and appliances for measuring, checking, testing, navigating and other purposes, except industrial process control equipment Manufacture of tobacco products Manufacture of machinery for the production and use of mechanical power, except aircraft, vehicle and cycle engines Manufacture of other special purpose machinery Recycling of non-metal waste and scrap

Rank in Europe 1 2 3 3 4 4 5

Specialisation 8.60 2.06 8.07 12.75 2.85 5.16 7.37

Employment 6 080 8 185 8 076 1 824 15 179 6 324 3 799

8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16

5 6 7 7 9 11 13 13 15

4.86 4.16 6.08 3.66 1.87 4.94 3.44 3.65 2.58

4 576 5 972 9 775 19 891 12 445 2 027 2 285 1 302 4 590

17 18 19 20

17 17 18 19

4.13 2.58 2.79 2.16

738 7 455 10 476 854

Arnsberg

Industry

Rank in Europe

Specialisation

Employment

39

Regional Industry Specialisation
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 Manufacture of other fabricated metal products Manufacture of lighting equipment and electric lamps Casting of metals Forging, pressing, stamping and roll forming of metal; powder metallurgy Activities of other transport agencies Manufacture of basic iron and steel and of ferro-alloys Mining and agglomeration of hard coal Manufacture of basic precious and non-ferrous metals Other first processing of iron and steel Treatment and coating of metals; general mechanical engineering Manufacture of cutlery, tools and general hardware Manufacture of machinery for the production and use of mechanical power, except aircraft, vehicle and cycle engines Manufacture of machine tools Manufacture of tubes Manufacture of accumulators, primary cells and primary batteries Retail sale of pharmaceutical and medical goods, cosmetic and toilet articles Manufacture of other special purpose machinery Manufacture of electricity distribution and control apparatus Wholesale of non-agricultural intermediate products, waste and scrap Manufacture of television and radio transmitters and apparatus for line telephony and line telegraphy 1 2 3 4 5 6 8 8 9 9 9 9 9 14 15 16 20 22 24 24 6.55 9.92 6.89 6.14 4.22 8.78 4.60 5.51 5.31 3.18 3.57 3.58 4.37 4.54 6.05 1.58 2.72 2.49 1.54 2.06 35 868 10 895 12 937 10 154 27 214 25 337 7 112 7 302 3 982 22 361 8 647 17 409 11 855 3 139 1 246 11 737 17 243 5 150 17 297 3 556

Rheinland-Pfalz
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18

Industry Extra-territorial organizations and bodies Sale of motor vehicle parts and accessories Manufacture of beverages Manufacture of other chemical products Retail sale of pharmaceutical and medical goods, cosmetic and toilet articles

Rank in Europe 1 5 8 8 9 11 11 13 13 16 21 21 22 24 25 25 28 28

Specialisation 34.60 2.24 2.52 3.14 1.71 2.73 2.35 2.54 2.76 2.14 2.00 1.60 2.81 2.42 1.62 2.72 1.60 2.27

Employment 8 248 7 600 7 948 4 316 12 510 10 135 20 857 16 304 6 873 1 517 10 832 663 17 901 15 112 2 449 16 335 17 321 2 655

Manufacture of pharmaceuticals, medicinal chemicals and botanical products Manufacture of plastic products Activities of other membership organizations Radio and television activities Manufacture of jewellery and related articles Manufacture of other fabricated metal products Research and experimental development on social sciences and humanities Activities of other transport agencies Manufacture of other special purpose machinery Manufacture of soap and detergents, cleaning and polishing preparations, perfumes and toilet preparations Manufacture of motor vehicles Maintenance and repair of motor vehicles Manufacture of non-refractory ceramic goods other than for construction purposes; manufacture of refractory ceramic products Recycling of non-metal waste and scrap Activities of business, employers' and professional organizations

19 20

28 28

2.01 2.28

1 322 3 706

Saarland
1 2

Industry Manufacture of industrial process control equipment Manufacture of parts and accessories for motor vehicles and their engines

Rank in Europe 1 1

Specialisation 19.13 9.62

Employment 3 256 16 654

40

Regional Industry Specialisation
3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 Manufacture of basic iron and steel and of ferro-alloys Retail sale of pharmaceutical and medical goods, cosmetic and toilet articles Manufacture of medical and surgical equipment and orthopaedic appliances Forging, pressing, stamping and roll forming of metal; powder metallurgy Compulsory social security activities Manufacture of structural metal products Sale of motor vehicle parts and accessories Manufacture of electricity distribution and control apparatus Manufacture of rubber products Labour recruitment and provision of personnel Technical testing and analysis Human health activities Manufacture of machine tools Activities of other transport agencies Software consultancy and supply Radio and television activities Research and experimental development on natural sciences and engineering Activities of business, employers' and professional organizations 2 3 6 15 18 19 20 25 28 29 31 32 33 34 34 34 38 38 15.66 1.81 3.64 3.33 2.60 1.99 1.63 2.36 2.28 2.14 1.62 1.50 1.94 2.49 1.57 1.61 1.61 1.97 12 795 3 789 2 885 1 559 4 036 4 422 1 582 1 378 1 350 10 652 983 28 240 1 491 4 542 4 564 1 152 1 907 917

Chemnitz
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20

Industry Manufacture of musical instruments Maintenance and repair of motor vehicles Manufacture of knitted and crocheted fabrics Manufacture of machine tools Activities of other membership organizations Manufacture of other fabricated metal products Casting of metals Recycling of non-metal waste and scrap Finishing of textiles Manufacture of electric motors, generators and transformers Adult and other education Manufacture of other products of wood; manufacture of articles of cork, straw and plaiting materials Manufacture of lighting equipment and electric lamps Manufacture of games and toys Treatment and coating of metals; general mechanical engineering Manufacture of motor vehicles Manufacture of bodies (coachwork) for motor vehicles; manufacture of trailers and semi-trailers Activities of other transport agencies Manufacture of medical and surgical equipment and orthopaedic appliances Manufacture of structural metal products

Rank in Europe 3 3 5 6 6 7 8 8 9 11 14 15 15 15 16 16 18 19 21 22

Specialisation 18.28 2.05 10.00 6.53 3.37 2.98 3.94 3.18 3.79 3.03 2.39 3.06 2.82 4.12 2.59 3.22 2.72 2.91 1.95 1.86

Employment 1 031 9 248 1 331 7 307 9 058 6 735 3 052 876 1 181 2 967 7 876 1 413 1 281 592 7 534 8 107 1 375 7 752 2 261 6 025

Dresden
1 2 3 4 5 6 7

Industry Compulsory social security activities Manufacture of electronic valves and tubes and other electronic components Manufacture of railway and tramway locomotives and rolling stock Research and experimental development on natural sciences and engineering Maintenance and repair of motor vehicles Recycling of non-metal waste and scrap Other entertainment activities

Rank in Europe 3 4 5 10 10 11 13

Specialisation 4.27 10.64 6.06 2.85 1.80 2.98 1.67

Employment 10 839 12 140 2 685 5 519 9 092 920 3 325

41

Regional Industry Specialisation
8 9 10 11 12 Manufacture of television and radio transmitters and apparatus for line telephony and line telegraphy Manufacture of medical and surgical equipment and orthopaedic appliances Secondary education Activities of other membership organizations Manufacture of instruments and appliances for measuring, checking, testing, navigating and other purposes, except industrial process control equipment Manufacture of machine tools Agricultural and animal husbandry service activities, except veterinary activities; landscape gardening Adult and other education Finishing of textiles Real estate activities on a fee or contract basis Steam and hot water supply Library, archives, museums and other cultural activities Manufacture of bodies (coachwork) for motor vehicles; manufacture of trailers and semi-trailers 17 18 21 22 24 2.30 2.07 2.32 2.26 2.08 1 840 2 683 19 397 6 814 2 890

13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20

27 29 30 31 32 32 32 35

2.17 2.01 1.81 1.56 1.60 3.19 2.14 1.96

2 726 2 719 6 684 547 5 864 1 904 2 270 1 114

Leipzig
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20

Industry Radio and television activities Recycling of non-metal waste and scrap Activities of other transport agencies Real estate activities on a fee or contract basis Activities of other membership organizations Technical testing and analysis Motion picture and video activities Maintenance and repair of office, accounting and computing machinery Data processing Higher education Labour recruitment and provision of personnel Maintenance and repair of motor vehicles Compulsory social security activities Sewage and refuse disposal, sanitation and similar activities Secondary education Research and experimental development on natural sciences and engineering Transport via railways Manufacture of medical and surgical equipment and orthopaedic appliances Casting of metals Manufacture of electricity distribution and control apparatus

Rank in Europe 4 5 6 6 8 12 13 14 16 18 21 23 24 26 27 28 28 32 33 34

Specialisation 3.80 3.96 3.99 2.64 3.22 1.92 1.94 2.16 2.69 2.49 2.39 1.65 2.46 1.59 2.15 1.88 2.63 1.64 2.07 1.88

Employment 2 913 804 7 829 6 349 6 373 1 253 937 576 1 997 8 351 12 830 5 501 4 104 2 839 11 816 2 392 5 094 1 395 1 183 1 180

Sachsen-Anhalt
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Industry Manufacture of structural metal products

Rank in Europe 2 2 3 5 9 9 17 21 22 22 24

Specialisation 2.40 4.87 3.16 3.37 2.79 1.89 2.99 2.84 1.54 1.65 2.40

Employment 11 892 2 055 16 014 11 686 5 148 16 487 6 553 11 594 7 215 6 129 2 501

Recycling of non-metal waste and scrap Adult and other education Compulsory social security activities Agricultural and animal husbandry service activities, except veterinary activities; landscape gardening Miscellaneous business activities n.e.c. Manufacture of basic chemicals Activities of other transport agencies Retail sale of pharmaceutical and medical goods, cosmetic and toilet articles Sewage and refuse disposal, sanitation and similar activities Activities of business, employers' and professional organizations

42

Regional Industry Specialisation
12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 Administration of the State and the economic and social policy of the community Manufacture of refined petroleum products Manufacture of tubes Labour recruitment and provision of personnel Manufacture of basic precious and non-ferrous metals Manufacture of electronic valves and tubes and other electronic components Activities of other membership organizations Manufacture of machine tools Recycling of metal waste and scrap 26 27 27 27 30 30 30 31 33 1.82 2.09 2.34 2.20 2.25 2.41 2.01 2.06 2.12 48 953 1 143 1 024 24 578 1 885 3 759 8 292 3 542 662

Schleswig-Holstein
Industry 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 Agricultural and animal husbandry service activities, except veterinary activities; landscape gardening Retail sale of pharmaceutical and medical goods, cosmetic and toilet articles Manufacture of medical and surgical equipment and orthopaedic appliances Printing and service activities related to printing Activities of other membership organizations Manufacture of pharmaceuticals, medicinal chemicals and botanical products Renting of personal and household goods n.e.c. Manufacture of instruments and appliances for measuring, checking, testing, navigating and other purposes, except industrial process control equipment Building and repairing of ships and boats Activities of other transport agencies Activities of business, employers' and professional organizations Recycling of non-metal waste and scrap Manufacture of other general purpose machinery Sea and coastal water transport Manufacture of machinery for the production and use of mechanical power, except aircraft, vehicle and cycle engines Manufacture of bodies (coachwork) for motor vehicles; manufacture of trailers and semi-trailers Production and distribution of electricity Processing and preserving of fish and fish products Manufacture of optical instruments and photographic equipment Social work activities

Rank in Europe 8 8 9 9 11 12 12 13

Specialisation 2.85 1.71 3.14 1.78 2.70 2.73 2.26 2.89

Employment 5 807 8 871 6 142 8 359 12 273 7 162 1 465 6 063

9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20

17 17 19 21 21 22 23 23 23 28 30 35

4.00 3.11 2.46 2.14 1.83 3.85 2.32 2.38 2.07 2.07 1.64 1.73

5 931 14 004 2 825 995 8 712 3 272 7 900 2 039 9 026 1 218 912 48 163

Thüringen
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9

Industry Mining of chemical and fertilizer minerals Recycling of non-metal waste and scrap Manufacture of optical instruments and photographic equipment Manufacture of plastic products Compulsory social security activities Manufacture of machine tools Activities of business, employers' and professional organizations Manufacture of electronic valves and tubes and other electronic components Manufacture of instruments and appliances for measuring, checking, testing, navigating and other purposes, except industrial process control equipment Manufacture of medical and surgical equipment and orthopaedic appliances Manufacture of games and toys Manufacture of other transport equipment n.e.c. Building installation

Rank in Europe 4 4 7 9 9 10 10 11 11

Specialisation 40.97 4.43 4.74 2.37 3.11 4.14 2.96 3.76 3.15

Employment 1 251 1 845 2 352 13 282 10 634 7 008 3 036 5 776 5 905

10 11 12 13

12 13 14 16

2.73 4.29 5.12 1.52

4 784 932 510 20 004

43

Regional Industry Specialisation
14 15 16 17 18 19 20 Activities of other membership organizations Manufacture of bodies (coachwork) for motor vehicles; manufacture of trailers and semi-trailers Labour recruitment and provision of personnel Activities of other transport agencies Manufacture of other fabricated metal products Manufacture of electrical equipment n.e.c. Manufacture of non-refractory ceramic goods other than for construction purposes; manufacture of refractory ceramic products 16 17 17 18 22 22 24 2.44 3.11 2.58 2.99 1.99 2.31 2.44 9 915 2 380 28 352 12 020 6 795 4 436 1 806

DENMARK
Industry 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 Social work activities Activities of trade unions Non-scheduled air transport Library, archives, museums and other cultural activities Wholesale of machinery, equipment and supplies Manufacture of games and toys Reproduction of recorded media Publishing Motion picture and video activities Processing and preserving of fish and fish products Advertising Letting of own property Research and experimental development on social sciences and humanities Manufacture of pharmaceuticals, medicinal chemicals and botanical products Manufacture of pesticides and other agro-chemical products Database activities Sea and coastal water transport Manufacture of man-made fibres Sewage and refuse disposal, sanitation and similar activities Manufacture of other non-metallic mineral products Rank in Europe 1 1 8 9 12 16 19 19 20 21 21 22 22 23 25 25 26 27 27 29 Specialisation 3.56 11.89 5.84 2.83 2.39 3.91 2.32 1.89 1.54 2.83 1.70 1.95 1.59 1.95 2.62 1.90 3.61 1.72 1.58 1.64 Employment 326 546 12 399 2 839 14 942 48 414 3 139 996 23 178 5 640 5 484 17 343 23 177 1 542 16 933 825 1 778 10 115 777 21 277 2 602

GREECE Anatoliki Makedonia, Thraki
Industry 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 Cutting, shaping and finishing of ornamental and building stone Manufacture of accumulators, primary cells and primary batteries Manufacture of tobacco products Retail sale of automotive fuel Adult and other education Farming of animals Provision of services to the community as a whole Growing of crops; market gardening; horticulture Extraction of crude petroleum and natural gas Quarrying of stone Bars Fishing, fish farming and related service activities Growing of crops combined with farming of animals (mixed farming) Site preparation Sea and coastal water transport Repair of personal and household goods Rank in Europe 1 2 3 4 4 5 5 7 9 10 11 12 15 19 28 30 Specialisation 6.83 16.03 19.28 2.71 3.04 8.10 4.96 11.36 5.43 5.47 2.70 7.46 1.65 2.60 3.27 1.83 Employment 1 758 656 1 155 1 715 4 822 9 428 14 785 41 861 518 771 6 343 1 403 5 842 1 777 791 554

44

Regional Industry Specialisation
17 18 19 20 Retail sale not in stores Other recreational activities Manufacture of basic chemicals Manufacture of beverages 31 37 39 40 1.66 1.74 1.65 1.76 1 587 1 055 1 136 1 115

Kentriki Makedonia
Industry 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 Manufacture of other food products Other retail sale of new goods in specialized stores Maintenance and repair of motor vehicles Manufacture of tobacco products Finishing of textiles Retail sale of automotive fuel Renting of personal and household goods n.e.c. Adult and other education Fishing, fish farming and related service activities Manufacture of ceramic tiles and flags Growing of crops; market gardening; horticulture Manufacture of other wearing apparel and accessories Manufacture of jewellery and related articles Activities of households as employers of domestic staff Sale of motor vehicle parts and accessories Restaurants Processing and preserving of fruit and vegetables Preparation and spinning of textile fibres Bars Repair of personal and household goods

Rank in Europe 4 4 5 6 8 12 14 15 17 17 19 19 19 19 21 21 22 27 27 27

Specialisation 2.21 1.80 1.91 11.57 4.43 2.18 2.17 2.38 4.54 1.69 5.35 3.06 2.09 2.79 1.61 1.54 3.75 2.45 2.33 1.90

Employment 18 671 52 702 13 570 2 271 2 177 4 512 1 307 12 378 2 797 725 64 559 20 215 976 10 485 3 585 25 551 4 180 1 374 17 947 1 885

Dytiki Makedonia
Industry 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 Mining and agglomeration of lignite Dressing and dyeing of fur; manufacture of articles of fur Production and distribution of electricity Mining and agglomeration of hard coal Farming of animals Growing of crops; market gardening; horticulture Secondary education Adult and other education Retail sale of food, beverages and tobacco in specialized stores Manufacture of other food products Primary education Manufacture of articles of concrete, plaster and cement Bars Site preparation Provision of services to the community as a whole

Rank in Europe 1 1 1 7 10 12 13 16 17 21 30 32 47 55 69

Specialisation 109.39 407.63 6.60 7.32 4.93 8.12 2.66 2.37 2.04 1.73 2.10 2.03 1.96 1.76 1.54

Employment 5 836 5 198 3 743 1 028 2 621 13 696 4 356 1 725 2 217 2 037 4 560 514 2 100 549 2 095

Thessalia
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10

Industry Manufacture of structural metal products Manufacture of cement, lime and plaster Maintenance and repair of office, accounting and computing machinery Preparation and spinning of textile fibres Provision of services to the community as a whole Adult and other education Growing of crops; market gardening; horticulture Veterinary activities Farming of animals Repair of personal and household goods

Rank in Europe 1 4 4 5 6 7 8 10 11 15

Specialisation 2.91 13.04 3.48 7.86 3.51 2.80 11.33 2.37 4.88 2.44

Employment 5 687 1 674 761 1 687 13 145 5 593 52 425 655 7 132 926

45

Regional Industry Specialisation
11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 Architectural and engineering activities and related technical consultancy Processing and preserving of fruit and vegetables Manufacture of dairy products Secondary education Maintenance and repair of motor vehicles Quarrying of stone Manufacture of beverages Site preparation Manufacture of other textiles Forestry, logging and related service activities 17 17 20 20 26 26 28 32 38 48 1.71 4.28 3.02 2.33 1.61 3.10 2.11 2.08 2.03 2.09 6 198 1 825 1 895 10 510 4 403 549 1 684 1 786 779 1 019

Ipeiros
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19

Industry Site preparation Bars Farming of animals Manufacture of dairy products Growing of crops combined with farming of animals (mixed farming) Manufacture of lighting equipment and electric lamps Provision of services to the community as a whole Adult and other education Retail sale of automotive fuel Retail sale of food, beverages and tobacco in specialized stores Secondary education Growing of crops; market gardening; horticulture Building completion Maintenance and repair of motor vehicles Primary education Production, processing and preserving of meat and meat products Production and distribution of electricity Manufacture of beverages Manufacture of builders' carpentry and joinery

Rank in Europe 1 1 3 7 8 9 10 10 14 14 15 20 31 31 34 35 42 46 63

Specialisation 9.61 4.30 9.02 4.62 4.13 4.50 2.88 2.52 2.13 2.17 2.42 4.92 1.59 1.57 2.02 1.85 1.76 1.61 1.53

Employment 3 702 5 694 5 923 1 303 8 278 554 4 850 2 255 761 2 908 4 895 10 234 2 825 1 921 5 417 1 346 1 230 578 653

Ionia Nisia
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20

Industry Manufacture of tanks, reservoirs and containers of metal; manufacture of central heating radiators and boilers Maintenance and repair of motor vehicles Sea and coastal water transport Renting of personal and household goods n.e.c. Retail sale of automotive fuel Repair of personal and household goods Activities of travel agencies and tour operators; tourist assistance activities n.e.c. Hotels Retail sale of food, beverages and tobacco in specialized stores Restaurants Other recreational activities Fishing, fish farming and related service activities Site preparation Scheduled air transport Building completion Growing of crops; market gardening; horticulture Growing of crops combined with farming of animals (mixed farming) Sewage and refuse disposal, sanitation and similar activities Farming of animals Manufacture of structural metal products

Rank in Europe 1 1 1 1 2 2 2 3 5 5 5 7 8 9 11 15 16 21 24 41

Specialisation 7.66 2.34 22.92 11.35 2.85 4.92 5.26 7.59 2.99 2.30 2.75 14.03 4.20 4.69 1.94 6.93 1.60 1.73 2.78 1.56

Employment 550 1 884 2 054 775 669 551 1 335 6 934 2 636 4 320 620 978 1 062 701 2 259 9 476 2 108 746 1 201 899

46

Regional Industry Specialisation

Dytiki Ellada
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Industry Sale, maintenance and repair of motorcycles and related parts and accessories Sea and coastal water transport Growing of crops combined with farming of animals (mixed farming)

Rank in Europe 3 8 9 10 11 12 14 17 17 19 20

Specialisation 5.25 8.20 2.69 9.69 2.75 2.44 2.65 2.76 2.28 4.47 2.66

Employment 804 2 338 11 251 42 122 9 665 4 561 7 333 2 219 812 991 738

Growing of crops; market gardening; horticulture Provision of services to the community as a whole Adult and other education Bars Site preparation Repair of personal and household goods Fishing, fish farming and related service activities Manufacture of non-refractory ceramic goods other than for construction purposes; manufacture of refractory ceramic products Manufacture of cement, lime and plaster Cutting, shaping and finishing of ornamental and building stone Activities of households as employers of domestic staff Farming of animals Manufacture of other food products Secondary education Collection, purification and distribution of water Other computer related activities Processing and preserving of fruit and vegetables

12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20

20 20 21 22 23 23 37 37 48

4.75 3.01 2.19 3.02 1.63 2.19 1.97 1.51 2.13

573 915 2 966 4 144 4 964 9 271 1 140 553 855

Sterea Ellada
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20

Industry Manufacture of vegetable and animal oils and fats

Rank in Europe 1 1 2 3 3 4 5 5 6 8 8 9 10 10 11 12 12 16 18 19

Specialisation 12.35 10.76 29.86 15.33 3.76 6.70 4.62 6.52 2.86 2.08 2.63 11.14 3.33 2.79 8.14 1.88 6.25 3.97 2.00 2.57

Employment 882 1 427 1 437 1 511 2 012 1 493 1 352 1 656 4 379 5 171 766 2 019 2 190 6 312 28 946 9 147 1 457 4 453 3 006 1 872

Manufacture of tubes Mining of non-ferrous metal ores, except uranium and thorium ores Manufacture of cement, lime and plaster Manufacture of articles of concrete, plaster and cement Manufacture of grain mill products, starches and starch products Manufacture of soap and detergents, cleaning and polishing preparations, perfumes and toilet preparations Manufacture of basic precious and non-ferrous metals Adult and other education Manufacture of other food products Repair of personal and household goods Fishing, fish farming and related service activities Site preparation Bars Growing of crops; market gardening; horticulture Restaurants Sea and coastal water transport Farming of animals Manufacture of structural metal products Manufacture of builders' carpentry and joinery

Peloponnisos
1 2 3 4 5

Industry Growing of crops; market gardening; horticulture

Rank in Europe 4 8 10 11 11

Specialisation 17.13 10.10 4.99 2.23 6.76

Employment 69 562 666 941 8 701 868

Manufacture of tobacco products Manufacture of refined petroleum products Growing of crops combined with farming of animals (mixed farming) Mining and agglomeration of lignite

47

Regional Industry Specialisation
6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 Processing and preserving of fruit and vegetables Manufacture of structural metal products Fishing, fish farming and related service activities Manufacture of builders' carpentry and joinery Quarrying of stone Production and distribution of electricity Other recreational activities Farming of animals Bars Maintenance and repair of motor vehicles Site preparation Cutting, shaping and finishing of ornamental and building stone Building completion Retail sale of food, beverages and tobacco in specialized stores Wholesale of agricultural raw materials and live animals 11 11 13 15 19 19 25 25 25 27 27 33 33 37 39 4.72 2.17 6.78 2.86 3.51 2.15 1.99 2.76 2.38 1.61 2.29 2.00 1.59 1.70 1.68 1 766 3 712 1 403 2 378 545 2 937 1 329 3 538 6 145 3 850 1 723 566 5 492 4 444 657

Attiki
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20

Industry Printing and service activities related to printing Sale, maintenance and repair of motorcycles and related parts and accessories Repair of personal and household goods Reproduction of recorded media Manufacture of jewellery and related articles Provision of services to the community as a whole Adult and other education Activities of households as employers of domestic staff Sea and coastal water transport Other supporting transport activities Activities of travel agencies and tour operators; tourist assistance activities n.e.c. Maintenance and repair of office, accounting and computing machinery Architectural and engineering activities and related technical consultancy Monetary intermediation Other retail sale of new goods in specialized stores Motion picture and video activities Manufacture of refined petroleum products Manufacture of pharmaceuticals, medicinal chemicals and botanical products Research and experimental development on social sciences and humanities Renting of other transport equipment

Rank in Europe 3 4 6 7 8 9 9 9 10 10 10 11 12 13 15 15 15 16 16 18

Specialisation 1.93 4.08 2.92 3.90 3.32 2.99 2.55 5.97 7.36 3.06 2.52 2.43 1.82 1.62 1.56 1.85 3.35 2.27 2.42 2.33

Employment 18 305 3 772 6 263 1 028 3 363 63 241 28 759 48 665 12 655 19 835 12 242 3 005 37 389 46 253 98 653 4 153 4 078 12 036 1 440 876

Voreio Aigaio
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13

Industry Bars Sea and coastal water transport Manufacture of builders' carpentry and joinery Provision of services to the community as a whole Fishing, fish farming and related service activities Retail sale of food, beverages and tobacco in specialized stores Growing of crops; market gardening; horticulture Other retail sale of new goods in specialized stores Manufacture of other food products Hotels Administration of the State and the economic and social policy of the community Building completion Adult and other education

Rank in Europe 2 2 3 3 4 8 13 14 18 23 27 28 28

Specialisation 3.89 17.80 5.55 6.61 23.28 2.42 8.04 1.56 1.78 2.14 1.81 1.65 1.81

Employment 2 770 1 304 1 268 5 974 1 327 1 741 8 983 4 229 1 395 1 602 4 624 1 575 873

48

Regional Industry Specialisation
14 15 Farming of animals Primary education 40 70 1.62 1.65 571 2 370

Notio Aigaio
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20

Industry Building completion Other retail sale of new goods in specialized stores

Rank in Europe 1 1 1 1 2 2 2 2 4 5 9 12 12 16 17 22 23 25 33 36

Specialisation 3.01 2.33 8.56 6.88 28.16 11.37 7.72 2.52 3.28 10.18 7.37 5.08 2.23 2.40 2.54 1.64 1.95 1.63 1.87 1.54

Employment 4 688 10 285 1 281 2 329 2 621 793 9 422 6 317 738 515 882 1 062 2 628 1 082 2 953 5 963 1 533 1 753 3 414 6 425

Repair of personal and household goods Activities of travel agencies and tour operators; tourist assistance activities n.e.c. Fishing, fish farming and related service activities Quarrying of stone Hotels Restaurants Library, archives, museums and other cultural activities Manufacture of cement, lime and plaster Sea and coastal water transport Building and repairing of ships and boats Retail sale of food, beverages and tobacco in specialized stores Other supporting transport activities Bars Retail sale in non-specialized stores Adult and other education Maintenance and repair of motor vehicles Growing of crops; market gardening; horticulture Administration of the State and the economic and social policy of the community

Kriti
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20

Industry Renting of automobiles Activities of travel agencies and tour operators; tourist assistance activities n.e.c. Other retail sale of new goods in specialized stores Growing of crops; market gardening; horticulture Growing of crops combined with farming of animals (mixed farming) Site preparation Hotels Veterinary activities Adult and other education Activities of households as employers of domestic staff Provision of services to the community as a whole Manufacture of other food products Farming of animals Other supporting transport activities Bars Collection, purification and distribution of water Building completion Repair of personal and household goods Wholesale of agricultural raw materials and live animals Manufacture of dairy products

Rank in Europe 1 7 7 9 12 13 13 16 17 20 21 24 26 29 29 33 34 38 49 52

Specialisation 7.12 2.77 1.68 9.78 2.01 2.99 3.95 2.21 2.26 2.31 2.38 1.63 2.61 1.89 2.30 2.16 1.57 1.63 1.52 1.68

Employment 1 248 2 080 16 475 39 638 7 849 2 243 10 697 534 3 940 2 914 7 788 4 627 3 336 1 895 5 930 1 165 5 433 540 594 925

HUNGARY Kozep-Magyarorszag
Industry 1 2 Other entertainment activities News agency activities Rank in Europe 3 3 Specialisation 3.10 4.60 Employment 14 132 2 112

49

Regional Industry Specialisation
3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 Building completion Manufacture of lighting equipment and electric lamps Research and experimental development on social sciences and humanities Other retail sale of new goods in specialized stores Reproduction of recorded media Manufacture of pharmaceuticals, medicinal chemicals and botanical products Motion picture and video activities Scheduled air transport Investigation and security activities Maintenance and repair of motor vehicles Dressing and dyeing of fur; manufacture of articles of fur Maintenance and repair of office, accounting and computing machinery Other financial intermediation Manufacture of electronic valves and tubes and other electronic components Library, archives, museums and other cultural activities Printing and service activities related to printing Manufacture of refined petroleum products Manufacture of television and radio receivers, sound or video recording or reproducing apparatus and associated goods 4 5 5 5 6 7 9 11 11 11 12 12 13 15 15 18 18 18 2.24 5.33 5.54 1.72 4.23 3.41 2.88 3.86 2.30 1.79 3.74 2.42 2.23 3.54 2.62 1.50 3.01 2.67 37 542 6 202 2 467 81 750 836 13 558 4 839 8 298 19 124 20 646 555 2 244 6 160 9 239 6 361 10 689 2 749 2 690

Kozep-Dunantul
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20

Industry Manufacture of pesticides and other agro-chemical products Manufacture of basic precious and non-ferrous metals Manufacture of accumulators, primary cells and primary batteries Manufacture of electronic valves and tubes and other electronic components

Rank in Europe 1 1 1 2 2 4 5 5 7 9 9 9 9 10 10 10 12 13 13 14

Specialisation 28.96 8.81 18.09 11.74 4.16 13.83 20.81 14.17 2.61 3.80 3.93 3.40 3.76 6.92 3.89 2.52 3.65 3.09 2.57 3.46

Employment 1 560 4 602 1 470 11 400 1 031 5 194 545 1 096 9 255 2 316 1 152 4 129 644 7 879 3 782 1 511 8 800 716 1 752 1 587

Retail sale of second-hand goods in stores Manufacture of television and radio receivers, sound or video recording or reproducing apparatus and associated goods Hunting, trapping and game propagation, including related service activities Manufacture of man-made fibres Manufacture of plastic products Mining and agglomeration of hard coal Manufacture of prepared animal feeds Manufacture of electrical equipment n.e.c. News agency activities Manufacture of basic iron and steel and of ferro-alloys Collection, purification and distribution of water Repair of personal and household goods Manufacture of parts and accessories for motor vehicles and their engines Mining and agglomeration of lignite Manufacture of television and radio transmitters and apparatus for line telephony and line telegraphy Manufacture of grain mill products, starches and starch products

Nyugat-Dunantul
Industry 1 2 3 4 5 Manufacture of lighting equipment and electric lamps Manufacture of television and radio receivers, sound or video recording or reproducing apparatus and associated goods Manufacture of electronic valves and tubes and other electronic components Manufacture of other textiles Manufacture of parts and accessories for motor vehicles and their engines

Rank in Europe 1 2 3 8 10

Specialisation 15.77 17.19 11.29 4.15 4.11

Employment 6 399 6 041 10 270 2 351 9 289

50

Regional Industry Specialisation
6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 Manufacture of agricultural and forestry machinery Manufacture of wooden containers Repair of personal and household goods Manufacture of luggage, handbags and the like, saddlery and harness Other first processing of iron and steel Manufacture of electrical equipment n.e.c. Collection, purification and distribution of water Production, processing and preserving of meat and meat products Transport via railways Manufacture of motor vehicles Forestry, logging and related service activities Manufacture of prepared animal feeds Restaurants Textile weaving Manufacture of grain mill products, starches and starch products 11 12 12 13 13 14 14 16 16 17 18 18 20 21 22 4.28 4.13 2.48 3.28 3.47 3.02 3.67 2.48 3.23 3.11 4.60 3.28 1.55 2.30 2.71 2 508 954 1 390 831 960 3 437 3 346 5 955 7 585 6 986 3 321 900 14 545 1 219 1 165

Del-Dunantul
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20

Industry Hunting, trapping and game propagation, including related service activities

Rank in Europe 1 2 3 3 5 6 7 7 8 9 11 11 15 16 16 17 18 18 18 18

Specialisation 47.15 25.56 7.35 13.27 3.15 5.69 4.86 7.26 5.27 7.64 4.34 3.79 4.00 1.70 1.99 2.34 1.80 2.24 2.73 2.69

Employment 957 1 289 1 541 910 2 205 605 1 279 5 467 1 809 4 566 1 545 1 274 1 164 19 267 1 592 4 464 8 697 819 2 574 19 617

Manufacture of leather clothes Manufacture of luggage, handbags and the like, saddlery and harness Inland water transport Library, archives, museums and other cultural activities Manufacture of games and toys Preparation and spinning of textile fibres Manufacture of electronic valves and tubes and other electronic components Manufacture of insulated wire and cable Forestry, logging and related service activities Manufacture of grain mill products, starches and starch products Manufacture of lighting equipment and electric lamps Manufacture of television and radio receivers, sound or video recording or reproducing apparatus and associated goods Retail sale in non-specialized stores Other financial intermediation Production and distribution of electricity Building completion Manufacture of office machinery and computers Manufacture of electrical equipment n.e.c. Primary education

Eszak-Magyarorszag
Industry 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 Manufacture of basic chemicals Other first processing of iron and steel Manufacture of insulated wire and cable Manufacture of electronic valves and tubes and other electronic components Transport via railways Collection, purification and distribution of water Mining and agglomeration of lignite Primary education Manufacture of television and radio receivers, sound or video recording or reproducing apparatus and associated goods Manufacture of ceramic tiles and flags Manufacture of electricity distribution and control apparatus Manufacture of beverages

Rank in Europe 2 3 3 6 6 7 8 8 10 11 12 13

Specialisation 7.05 10.14 9.29 7.56 3.78 4.16 11.91 3.33 6.14 2.57 3.80 2.37

Employment 8 782 2 733 3 746 6 699 8 665 3 693 2 514 28 613 2 102 611 2 825 2 724

51

Regional Industry Specialisation
13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 Repair of personal and household goods Manufacture of grain mill products, starches and starch products Manufacture of railway and tramway locomotives and rolling stock Manufacture of tanks, reservoirs and containers of metal; manufacture of central heating radiators and boilers Manufacture of domestic appliances n.e.c. Manufacture of glass and glass products Manufacture of bricks, tiles and construction products, in baked clay Manufacture of tubes 13 18 18 20 22 24 24 26 2.45 3.09 3.65 3.02 2.72 2.44 3.13 2.35 1 341 1 294 1 257 1 057 1 655 2 100 665 584

Eszak-Alfold
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20

Industry Hunting, trapping and game propagation, including related service activities

Rank in Europe 3 4 6 7 9 9 9 10 10 10 10 10 12 12 13 16 17 18 18 18

Specialisation 26.85 6.72 4.28 4.83 3.98 3.96 3.32 3.66 4.45 5.04 3.50 4.95 3.68 5.69 2.74 2.48 3.31 1.97 4.20 2.73

Employment 793 5 050 828 802 4 363 1 401 35 284 1 118 2 174 2 147 9 906 532 1 219 2 412 766 529 1 716 2 288 3 197 1 361

Manufacture of domestic appliances n.e.c. News agency activities Service activities incidental to oil and gas extraction, excluding surveying Manufacture of electronic valves and tubes and other electronic components Manufacture of optical instruments and photographic equipment Primary education Manufacture of luggage, handbags and the like, saddlery and harness Manufacture of lighting equipment and electric lamps Manufacture of railway and tramway locomotives and rolling stock Transport via railways Extra-territorial organizations and bodies Manufacture of prepared animal feeds Manufacture of television and radio receivers, sound or video recording or reproducing apparatus and associated goods Retail sale of second-hand goods in stores Extraction of crude petroleum and natural gas Manufacture of grain mill products, starches and starch products Other financial intermediation Processing and preserving of fruit and vegetables Manufacture of insulated wire and cable

Del-Alfold
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10

Industry Manufacture of prepared animal feeds Manufacture of wooden containers Production, processing and preserving of meat and meat products Collection, purification and distribution of water Retail sale of second-hand goods in stores Extraction of crude petroleum and natural gas Manufacture of gas; distribution of gaseous fuels through mains Manufacture of grain mill products, starches and starch products Manufacture of knitted and crocheted fabrics Manufacture of non-refractory ceramic goods other than for construction purposes; manufacture of refractory ceramic products Manufacture of agricultural and forestry machinery Maintenance and repair of office, accounting and computing machinery Manufacture of soap and detergents, cleaning and polishing preparations, perfumes and toilet preparations Wholesale of agricultural raw materials and live animals

Rank in Europe 1 1 2 2 4 6 6 8 8 8

Specialisation 9.12 7.09 5.31 5.02 4.03 9.94 4.21 5.42 6.31 6.63

Employment 2 839 1 858 14 453 5 186 1 061 2 001 1 828 2 642 851 3 293

11 12 13 14

8 9 10 10

4.52 2.97 3.01 3.39

3 004 1 089 1 929 2 532

52

Regional Industry Specialisation
15 16 17 18 19 20 Other first processing of iron and steel Manufacture of insulated wire and cable Processing and preserving of fruit and vegetables News agency activities Farming of animals Manufacture of beverages 11 12 14 14 15 16 4.31 4.36 4.46 3.56 4.00 2.34 1 354 2 048 3 198 648 9 808 3 127

IRELAND
Industry 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 Reproduction of recorded media Manufacture of office machinery and computers Renting of other machinery and equipment Manufacture of medical and surgical equipment and orthopaedic appliances Other computer related activities Retail sale of automotive fuel Renting of personal and household goods n.e.c. Bars Wholesale of food, beverages and tobacco Hotels Manufacture of pharmaceuticals, medicinal chemicals and botanical products Manufacture of optical instruments and photographic equipment Quarrying of sand and clay Retail sale in non-specialized stores Other wholesale Renting of construction or demolition equipment with operator Renting of other transport equipment Processing and preserving of fish and fish products Sale of motor vehicles Production, processing and preserving of meat and meat products Rank in Europe 2 2 2 3 4 9 9 12 17 18 21 21 24 25 27 28 29 36 39 43 Specialisation 15.93 6.98 3.43 5.03 3.70 2.22 2.34 2.67 1.54 2.72 2.03 2.54 2.60 1.62 1.65 2.49 1.98 1.70 1.54 1.61 Employment 4 347 12 180 7 649 20 637 8 475 10 325 3 173 46 078 24 337 49 411 11 146 2 957 2 996 87 472 7 236 1 919 771 2 086 19 201 15 324

ITALY Piemonte
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 Industry Manufacture of jewellery and related articles Preparation and spinning of textile fibres Forging, pressing, stamping and roll forming of metal; powder metallurgy Treatment and coating of metals; general mechanical engineering Retail sale not in stores Textile weaving Finishing of textiles Manufacture of rubber products Manufacture of machinery for the production and use of mechanical power, except aircraft, vehicle and cycle engines Manufacture of electrical equipment n.e.c. Manufacture of other general purpose machinery Manufacture of motorcycles and bicycles Cargo handling and storage Other computer related activities Activities auxiliary to insurance and pension funding Other service activities Manufacture of motor vehicles Rank in Europe 2 3 5 6 7 10 11 11 13 13 18 18 18 18 19 19 19 Specialisation 7.37 8.22 5.88 3.32 2.48 4.65 3.10 4.27 2.85 3.03 1.91 2.97 2.31 2.03 1.81 1.51 2.97 Employment 7 385 9 888 13 612 32 614 16 697 9 332 3 273 12 459 19 389 13 036 18 266 1 113 14 640 4 447 8 783 28 312 25 294

53

Regional Industry Specialisation
18 19 20 Architectural and engineering activities and related technical consultancy Building completion Letting of own property 20 21 21 1.63 1.75 1.95 33 229 38 608 14 090

Valle d'Aosta
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14

Industry Data processing

Rank in Europe 1 1 4 6 7 7 7 8 12 12 13 18 18 21

Specialisation 5.91 6.07 2.08 5.43 8.30 2.16 1.74 3.09 4.69 1.87 2.65 1.97 1.55 2.12

Employment 633 814 1 328 518 1 052 2 417 1 603 623 2 552 1 299 1 376 4 475 908 579

Other recreational activities Architectural and engineering activities and related technical consultancy Camping sites and other provision of short-stay accommodation Manufacture of basic iron and steel and of ferro-alloys Restaurants Building installation Other supporting transport activities Hotels Building completion Bars Building of complete constructions or parts thereof; civil engineering Other service activities Production and distribution of electricity

Liguria
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20

Industry Manufacture of industrial process control equipment Building completion Activities auxiliary to insurance and pension funding Sea and coastal water transport Other service activities Building and repairing of ships and boats Cargo handling and storage Sale, maintenance and repair of motorcycles and related parts and accessories Other supporting transport activities Other recreational activities Manufacture of weapons and ammunition Architectural and engineering activities and related technical consultancy Sewage and refuse disposal, sanitation and similar activities Wholesale on a fee or contract basis Bars Retail sale not in stores Data processing Manufacture of other food products Manufacture of television and radio transmitters and apparatus for line telephony and line telegraphy Repair of personal and household goods

Rank in Europe 3 3 4 5 5 6 6 7 7 7 11 16 17 18 19 20 28 28 28 28

Specialisation 5.91 2.35 2.44 11.22 1.86 7.64 3.54 3.35 3.27 2.72 6.51 1.75 1.84 2.40 2.52 1.94 2.34 1.60 1.98 1.89

Employment 1 630 17 064 3 872 6 260 11 399 7 446 7 380 1 006 6 876 3 812 1 341 11 653 4 952 8 474 13 671 4 285 2 616 9 544 1 571 1 321

Lombardia
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8

Industry Real estate activities with own property Finishing of textiles

Rank in Europe 5 6 6 8 10 11 12 12

Specialisation 2.93 5.37 3.60 3.27 2.43 4.60 2.83 2.36

Employment 26 623 14 259 30 934 80 811 58 355 23 235 45 133 42 830

Data processing Treatment and coating of metals; general mechanical engineering Manufacture of other general purpose machinery Textile weaving Cargo handling and storage Letting of own property

54

Regional Industry Specialisation
9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 Manufacture of other fabricated metal products Wholesale of household goods Other computer related activities Extraction of crude petroleum and natural gas Manufacture of knitted and crocheted articles Manufacture of paints, varnishes and similar coatings, printing ink and mastics Manufacture of motorcycles and bicycles Miscellaneous business activities n.e.c. Manufacture of knitted and crocheted fabrics Activities auxiliary to financial intermediation, except insurance and pension funding Manufacture of pharmaceuticals, medicinal chemicals and botanical products Manufacture of soap and detergents, cleaning and polishing preparations, perfumes and toilet preparations 13 13 14 15 15 15 15 16 17 18 18 18 2.48 1.83 2.22 2.58 3.97 2.48 3.47 1.78 2.44 1.64 2.14 2.13 47 839 78 551 12 194 4 363 13 643 9 028 3 280 85 881 2 762 13 173 28 346 11 473

Trentino Alto Adige
Industry 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 Camping sites and other provision of short-stay accommodation Wholesale of non-agricultural intermediate products, waste and scrap Manufacture of builders' carpentry and joinery Hotels Data processing Wholesale of food, beverages and tobacco Industrial cleaning Manufacture of optical instruments and photographic equipment Building installation Real estate activities with own property Cutting, shaping and finishing of ornamental and building stone Quarrying of stone Manufacture of other products of wood; manufacture of articles of cork, straw and plaiting materials Architectural and engineering activities and related technical consultancy Building completion Manufacture of wooden containers Other first processing of iron and steel Letting of own property Wholesale on a fee or contract basis Activities auxiliary to insurance and pension funding

Rank in Europe 3 4 5 6 7 9 9 10 11 13 14 16 16 18 22 22 30 30 33 33

Specialisation 8.08 2.12 4.88 6.78 3.50 1.75 1.72 3.89 1.67 2.20 3.56 3.69 2.69 1.65 1.71 2.75 2.02 1.74 1.87 1.61

Employment 6 059 8 216 6 387 29 006 2 947 6 525 9 953 1 064 12 088 1 954 1 590 903 1 038 8 259 9 337 593 523 3 088 4 970 1 917

Veneto
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15

Industry Manufacture of optical instruments and photographic equipment Tanning and dressing of leather Manufacture of jewellery and related articles Manufacture of motorcycles and bicycles Real estate activities with own property Dressing and dyeing of fur; manufacture of articles of fur Manufacture of other general purpose machinery Manufacture of tanks, reservoirs and containers of metal; manufacture of central heating radiators and boilers Data processing Manufacture of knitted and crocheted fabrics Manufacture of furniture Wholesale on a fee or contract basis Inland water transport Manufacture of footwear Cutting, shaping and finishing of ornamental and building stone

Rank in Europe 1 2 3 5 7 8 8 9 9 10 11 11 12 13 13

Specialisation 12.51 20.90 7.15 9.47 2.75 4.16 2.58 4.61 3.19 4.71 2.94 2.57 5.77 3.45 3.57

Employment 17 044 11 656 8 788 4 360 12 182 1 002 30 186 7 715 13 331 2 604 46 288 33 936 2 219 16 475 7 931

55

Regional Industry Specialisation
16 17 18 19 20 Treatment and coating of metals; general mechanical engineering Letting of own property Finishing of textiles Cargo handling and storage Manufacture of structural metal products 13 13 14 14 15 2.91 2.34 2.80 2.55 2.08 35 114 20 713 3 623 19 887 27 881

Friuli-Venezia Giulia
Industry 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 Manufacture of furniture Manufacture of structural metal products Manufacture of optical instruments and photographic equipment Manufacture of other general purpose machinery Manufacture of domestic appliances n.e.c. Industrial cleaning Manufacture of other products of wood; manufacture of articles of cork, straw and plaiting materials Data processing Building and repairing of ships and boats Treatment and coating of metals; general mechanical engineering Building installation Manufacture of tanks, reservoirs and containers of metal; manufacture of central heating radiators and boilers Forging, pressing, stamping and roll forming of metal; powder metallurgy Real estate activities with own property Cutting, shaping and finishing of ornamental and building stone Manufacture of veneer sheets; manufacture of plywood, laminboard, particle board, fibre board and other panels and boards Manufacture of tubes Manufacture of other special purpose machinery Sawmilling and planing of wood; impregnation of wood Preparation and spinning of textile fibres

Rank in Europe 2 5 5 6 6 6 8 8 11 14 14 18 18 19 19 20

Specialisation 5.53 2.28 5.56 2.62 5.54 1.86 4.29 3.23 5.09 2.76 1.56 3.28 2.83 1.95 3.06 4.31

Employment 19 871 7 002 1 730 7 009 3 665 12 270 1 880 3 082 4 237 7 595 12 846 1 253 1 836 1 970 1 554 1 465

17 18 19 20

22 22 25 26

3.39 2.54 2.92 2.60

918 6 295 2 524 877

Emilia-Romagna
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20

Industry Manufacture of ceramic tiles and flags

Rank in Europe 2 2 3 3 7 8 10 10 13 14 15 15 17 17 19 19 20 23 24 25

Specialisation 25.92 3.95 3.60 3.71 6.83 2.60 4.37 2.37 4.36 2.87 2.20 2.45 1.55 3.43 2.59 2.74 2.52 2.88 2.80 3.18

Employment 27 289 44 256 39 165 26 807 2 923 21 406 11 057 9 747 2 238 11 160 9 806 30 029 33 065 5 341 2 834 2 621 19 563 1 036 3 085 8 670

Treatment and coating of metals; general mechanical engineering Manufacture of other general purpose machinery Cargo handling and storage Manufacture of motorcycles and bicycles Letting of own property Manufacture of agricultural and forestry machinery Real estate activities with own property Manufacture of knitted and crocheted fabrics Data processing Manufacture of medical and surgical equipment and orthopaedic appliances Wholesale on a fee or contract basis Other service activities Manufacture of knitted and crocheted articles Manufacture of luggage, handbags and the like, saddlery and harness Manufacture of industrial process control equipment Manufacture of machinery for the production and use of mechanical power, except aircraft, vehicle and cycle engines Manufacture of sports goods Manufacture of tubes Processing and preserving of fruit and vegetables

56

Regional Industry Specialisation

Toscana
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20

Industry Tanning and dressing of leather Manufacture of luggage, handbags and the like, saddlery and harness Manufacture of motorcycles and bicycles Manufacture of jewellery and related articles Finishing of textiles Manufacture of leather clothes Preparation and spinning of textile fibres Wholesale on a fee or contract basis Other service activities Manufacture of knitted and crocheted fabrics Dressing and dyeing of fur; manufacture of articles of fur Manufacture of footwear Manufacture of articles of paper and paperboard Cutting, shaping and finishing of ornamental and building stone Building completion Real estate activities with own property Letting of own property Textile weaving Retail sale not in stores Data processing

Rank in Europe 1 1 1 1 2 3 4 6 8 9 9 10 10 10 10 11 11 12 12 12

Specialisation 21.46 19.83 14.84 13.37 8.38 9.42 8.10 2.77 1.75 6.04 4.11 5.44 2.48 3.91 2.05 2.34 2.37 4.48 2.16 2.94

Employment 8 285 16 148 4 729 11 363 7 506 1 844 8 262 25 342 27 792 2 309 684 17 973 8 346 6 007 38 539 7 172 14 528 7 622 12 319 8 518

Umbria
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Industry Manufacture of knitted and crocheted fabrics Other service activities Manufacture of structural metal products Recycling of non-metal waste and scrap Manufacture of knitted and crocheted articles Manufacture of bricks, tiles and construction products, in baked clay Manufacture of vegetable and animal oils and fats Manufacture of domestic appliances n.e.c. Wholesale on a fee or contract basis Building installation Manufacture of non-refractory ceramic goods other than for construction purposes; manufacture of refractory ceramic products Manufacture of cement, lime and plaster Manufacture of prepared animal feeds Manufacture of articles of paper and paperboard Manufacture of other food products Other computer related activities Maintenance and repair of motor vehicles Architectural and engineering activities and related technical consultancy Manufacture of articles of concrete, plaster and cement Other first processing of iron and steel

Rank in Europe 1 3 4 6 7 7 10 10 10 10 11

Specialisation 20.47 1.94 2.33 3.94 5.38 4.72 5.56 4.86 2.61 1.70 4.52

Employment 1 680 6 602 4 650 669 1 340 710 528 2 091 5 126 9 116 1 366

12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20

12 17 18 19 19 21 21 21 21

6.00 3.29 2.18 1.77 2.03 1.68 1.63 2.29 2.81

786 622 1 574 5 867 808 4 685 6 025 1 626 537

Marche
1 2 3 4 5 6

Industry Manufacture of footwear Manufacture of domestic appliances n.e.c. Wholesale on a fee or contract basis Manufacture of furniture Manufacture of musical instruments Manufacture of luggage, handbags and the like, saddlery and harness

Rank in Europe 1 1 3 4 4 5

Specialisation 23.73 10.46 2.95 4.07 15.17 6.16

Employment 34 091 9 120 11 696 19 290 1 069 2 179

57

Regional Industry Specialisation
7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 Manufacture of jewellery and related articles Manufacture of other products of wood; manufacture of articles of cork, straw and plaiting materials Manufacture of knitted and crocheted fabrics Other service activities Manufacture of other fabricated metal products Building and repairing of ships and boats Data processing Finishing of textiles Manufacture of electrical equipment n.e.c. Treatment and coating of metals; general mechanical engineering Manufacture of other wearing apparel and accessories Manufacture of agricultural and forestry machinery Manufacture of articles of paper and paperboard Manufacture of games and toys 6 11 12 14 15 15 17 20 20 21 23 23 24 24 3.88 3.98 4.50 1.63 2.32 4.33 2.68 2.13 2.70 2.27 2.75 2.49 1.98 2.89 1 435 2 301 747 11 260 6 566 4 745 3 372 829 4 290 8 229 14 421 2 040 2 907 519

Lazio
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Industry Industrial cleaning Motion picture and video activities Other supporting transport activities Other computer related activities Miscellaneous business activities n.e.c. Software consultancy and supply Manufacture of pharmaceuticals, medicinal chemicals and botanical products Data processing Extraction of crude petroleum and natural gas Radio and television activities Legal, accounting, book-keeping and auditing activities; tax consultancy; market research and public opinion polling; business and management consultancy; holdings Scheduled air transport Telecommunications Activities auxiliary to financial intermediation, except insurance and pension funding Activities auxiliary to insurance and pension funding Other service activities Renting of automobiles Sale, maintenance and repair of motorcycles and related parts and accessories News agency activities Retail sale not in stores

Rank in Europe 1 1 5 6 6 9 10 10 11 11 11

Specialisation 2.44 6.43 3.46 3.45 2.17 2.54 3.04 3.07 3.72 2.93 1.57

Employment 62 111 15 453 23 999 8 145 45 051 39 411 17 300 11 332 2 699 11 163 75 087

12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20

12 12 13 15 15 15 16 16 17

3.54 2.10 1.92 1.86 1.60 2.80 2.41 3.10 1.99

10 852 27 513 6 633 9 752 32 423 3 396 2 387 2 035 14 423

Abruzzo
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12

Industry Other service activities Manufacture of motorcycles and bicycles Manufacture of luggage, handbags and the like, saddlery and harness Manufacture of structural metal products Manufacture of articles of concrete, plaster and cement Manufacture of television and radio transmitters and apparatus for line telephony and line telegraphy Manufacture of tanks, reservoirs and containers of metal; manufacture of central heating radiators and boilers Manufacture of vegetable and animal oils and fats Finishing of textiles Manufacture of articles of paper and paperboard Manufacture of other wearing apparel and accessories Manufacture of glass and glass products

Rank in Europe 1 2 4 6 8 10 11 12 12 14 17 18

Specialisation 2.01 14.11 6.89 2.26 2.88 2.64 4.03 5.23 2.92 2.41 3.12 3.05

Employment 9 667 1 363 1 702 6 366 2 899 1 643 1 414 702 792 2 467 11 394 2 625

58

Regional Industry Specialisation
13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 Manufacture of other non-metallic mineral products Manufacture of electronic valves and tubes and other electronic components Wholesale on a fee or contract basis Retail sale not in stores Manufacture of electrical equipment n.e.c. Manufacture of knitted and crocheted articles Manufacture of motor vehicles Cutting, shaping and finishing of ornamental and building stone 18 19 19 21 21 23 23 24 2.06 3.07 2.39 1.93 2.40 2.87 2.74 2.45 511 2 724 6 626 3 340 2 664 1 010 6 005 1 143

Molise
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15

Industry Other service activities Manufacture of motor vehicles Building of complete constructions or parts thereof; civil engineering Manufacture of dairy products Architectural and engineering activities and related technical consultancy Maintenance and repair of motor vehicles Manufacture of other food products Manufacture of other wearing apparel and accessories Manufacture of structural metal products Retail sale not in stores Canteens and catering Building completion Manufacture of builders' carpentry and joinery Production, processing and preserving of meat and meat products Bars

Rank in Europe 6 8 8 9 11 13 16 20 20 23 24 29 35 47 48

Specialisation 1.81 5.80 2.14 4.08 1.83 1.76 1.81 2.97 1.95 1.90 1.58 1.62 2.01 1.58 1.94

Employment 1 633 2 383 7 469 691 1 795 1 301 1 590 2 036 1 030 616 611 1 731 516 694 1 548

Campania
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20

Industry Tanning and dressing of leather Industrial cleaning Other retail sale of new goods in specialized stores Wholesale on a fee or contract basis Sewage and refuse disposal, sanitation and similar activities Manufacture of television and radio transmitters and apparatus for line telephony and line telegraphy Other service activities Processing and preserving of fruit and vegetables Sale, maintenance and repair of motorcycles and related parts and accessories Retail sale not in stores Sea and coastal water transport Manufacture of aircraft and spacecraft Manufacture of leather clothes Building installation Renting of other transport equipment Wholesale of household goods Retail sale of food, beverages and tobacco in specialized stores Other supporting transport activities Manufacture of jewellery and related articles Manufacture of footwear

Rank in Europe 5 5 8 9 11 12 12 13 15 15 15 16 17 17 17 19 19 19 22 22

Specialisation 11.19 1.89 1.63 2.66 2.21 2.57 1.68 4.52 2.50 2.08 5.44 3.24 3.37 1.52 2.45 1.65 1.98 2.08 1.98 2.55

Employment 3 801 33 162 76 393 21 414 13 537 4 640 23 481 8 075 1 706 10 425 6 912 7 938 580 33 363 679 21 033 24 712 9 967 1 478 7 404

Puglia
1 2 3

Industry Retail sale not in stores Manufacture of vegetable and animal oils and fats Wholesale on a fee or contract basis

Rank in Europe 1 3 5

Specialisation 3.34 8.69 2.80

Employment 12 328 2 490 16 598

59

Regional Industry Specialisation
4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 Industrial cleaning Other service activities Cutting, shaping and finishing of ornamental and building stone Building installation Other retail sale of new goods in specialized stores Manufacture of basic iron and steel and of ferro-alloys Manufacture of structural metal products Manufacture of footwear Maintenance and repair of motor vehicles Manufacture of knitted and crocheted fabrics Sewage and refuse disposal, sanitation and similar activities Building completion Sale, maintenance and repair of motorcycles and related parts and accessories Data processing Retail sale of automotive fuel Manufacture of other wearing apparel and accessories Manufacture of knitted and crocheted articles 7 7 9 9 10 12 12 14 14 15 16 20 23 23 23 28 29 1.86 1.80 3.92 1.71 1.59 5.97 2.16 3.13 1.76 3.07 1.88 1.76 2.23 2.46 1.87 2.48 2.55 24 093 18 483 3 909 27 721 55 001 13 237 13 013 6 708 14 811 760 8 452 21 356 1 121 4 621 4 576 19 369 1 917

Basilicata
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20

Industry Data processing Manufacture of articles of concrete, plaster and cement Manufacture of motor vehicles Architectural and engineering activities and related technical consultancy Building installation Manufacture of other food products Manufacture of furniture Industrial cleaning Manufacture of structural metal products Manufacture of parts and accessories for motor vehicles and their engines Sewage and refuse disposal, sanitation and similar activities Building of complete constructions or parts thereof; civil engineering Maintenance and repair of motor vehicles Cargo handling and storage Retail sale of automotive fuel Canteens and catering Activities auxiliary to insurance and pension funding Processing and preserving of fruit and vegetables Manufacture of builders' carpentry and joinery Wholesale on a fee or contract basis

Rank in Europe 4 5 6 6 8 10 10 11 13 14 14 15 16 20 25 25 35 36 37 40

Specialisation 3.84 3.24 7.33 2.04 1.72 2.02 3.18 1.65 2.16 3.24 2.05 2.01 1.76 2.20 1.82 1.53 1.59 2.52 1.99 1.63

Employment 1 096 1 059 5 222 3 469 4 230 3 074 3 414 3 257 1 980 2 320 1 407 12 157 2 245 1 170 677 1 029 645 504 885 1 468

Calabria
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12

Industry Manufacture of vegetable and animal oils and fats Other retail sale of new goods in specialized stores Other service activities Retail sale of pharmaceutical and medical goods, cosmetic and toilet articles Manufacture of articles of concrete, plaster and cement Building of complete constructions or parts thereof; civil engineering Maintenance and repair of motor vehicles Retail sale of automotive fuel Wholesale on a fee or contract basis Manufacture of structural metal products Camping sites and other provision of short-stay accommodation Retail sale not in stores

Rank in Europe 2 2 4 6 7 7 7 8 8 10 10 11

Specialisation 10.68 1.98 1.93 1.75 2.96 2.19 1.90 2.26 2.70 2.18 3.83 2.24

Employment 1 188 26 550 7 680 3 875 2 463 33 869 6 204 2 146 6 197 5 097 2 484 3 216

60

Regional Industry Specialisation
13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 Sewage and refuse disposal, sanitation and similar activities Cutting, shaping and finishing of ornamental and building stone Post and courier activities Architectural and engineering activities and related technical consultancy Data processing Activities auxiliary to insurance and pension funding Manufacture of bricks, tiles and construction products, in baked clay Other computer related activities 12 15 15 15 15 21 21 27 2.11 3.28 1.64 1.81 2.80 1.77 3.34 1.65 3 680 1 269 5 486 7 843 2 041 1 831 590 771

Sicilia
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20

Industry Wholesale on a fee or contract basis Other retail sale of new goods in specialized stores Retail sale not in stores Sewage and refuse disposal, sanitation and similar activities Manufacture of refined petroleum products Maintenance and repair of motor vehicles Cutting, shaping and finishing of ornamental and building stone Sale, maintenance and repair of motorcycles and related parts and accessories Other service activities Retail sale of pharmaceutical and medical goods, cosmetic and toilet articles Data processing Renting of other transport equipment Activities auxiliary to insurance and pension funding Sea and coastal water transport Other supporting transport activities Manufacture of other food products Building of complete constructions or parts thereof; civil engineering Manufacture of vegetable and animal oils and fats Retail sale of automotive fuel Wholesale of food, beverages and tobacco

Rank in Europe 2 3 5 5 6 6 7 10 10 11 13 14 14 18 18 20 20 20 20 20

Specialisation 2.96 1.87 2.93 2.74 6.19 1.91 4.44 3.14 1.73 1.67 2.90 2.56 1.88 4.73 2.15 1.74 1.94 3.83 2.04 1.52

Employment 18 417 67 846 11 362 12 982 4 313 16 842 4 644 1 660 18 717 10 009 5 715 550 5 266 4 646 7 956 18 245 81 239 1 155 5 251 13 277

Sardegna
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19

Industry Manufacture of other products of wood; manufacture of articles of cork, straw and plaiting materials Cutting, shaping and finishing of ornamental and building stone Manufacture of refined petroleum products Data processing Other service activities Building of complete constructions or parts thereof; civil engineering Other retail sale of new goods in specialized stores Architectural and engineering activities and related technical consultancy Manufacture of articles of concrete, plaster and cement Manufacture of basic precious and non-ferrous metals Building installation Wholesale on a fee or contract basis Retail sale not in stores Bars Industrial cleaning Sewage and refuse disposal, sanitation and similar activities Quarrying of sand and clay Maintenance and repair of motor vehicles Camping sites and other provision of short-stay accommodation

Rank in Europe 5 8 11 11 11 12 12 13 15 15 15 16 16 18 18 18 19 19 20

Specialisation 5.06 4.13 4.68 3.06 1.70 2.08 1.57 1.81 2.46 3.88 1.54 2.44 2.01 2.53 1.53 1.84 2.76 1.70 2.85

Employment 2 002 1 892 1 429 2 637 8 045 38 028 24 898 9 329 2 430 1 819 11 428 6 652 3 423 10 570 9 114 3 802 767 6 575 2 191

61

Regional Industry Specialisation
20 Sale, maintenance and repair of motorcycles and related parts and accessories 22 2.24 518

LITHUANIA
Industry 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 Sale of motor vehicle parts and accessories Retail sale of automotive fuel Wholesale of non-agricultural intermediate products, waste and scrap Retail sale of second-hand goods in stores Other land transport Extraction and agglomeration of peat Wholesale of household goods Manufacture of dairy products Manufacture of wooden containers Dressing and dyeing of fur; manufacture of articles of fur Processing and preserving of fish and fish products Retail sale in non-specialized stores Sawmilling and planing of wood; impregnation of wood Forestry, logging and related service activities Textile weaving Manufacture of furniture Sewage and refuse disposal, sanitation and similar activities Manufacture of made-up textile articles, except apparel Manufacture of motorcycles and bicycles Steam and hot water supply Rank in Europe 1 1 1 1 2 5 9 10 10 11 12 12 12 13 13 13 13 16 16 16 Specialisation 3.86 2.91 2.47 5.12 2.22 23.87 1.95 3.87 4.31 3.81 5.73 1.75 6.47 5.41 3.88 2.79 2.10 2.59 3.42 5.47 Employment 12 594 8 802 26 440 3 063 61 105 1 253 22 534 9 243 2 562 509 4 582 61 475 13 578 10 062 5 289 24 380 11 712 3 691 873 6 699

LU Luxembourg
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 Industry Monetary intermediation Manufacture of rubber products Retail sale of automotive fuel Sale of motor vehicles Building installation Labour recruitment and provision of personnel Industrial cleaning Building completion Wholesale of machinery, equipment and supplies Transport via railways Rank in Europe 1 5 7 11 12 14 15 32 36 52 Specialisation 4.39 5.97 2.26 1.91 1.62 2.68 1.59 1.59 1.63 1.70 Employment 25 564 3 584 2 070 4 681 9 784 13 550 7 700 7 245 4 114 3 109

LATVIA
Industry 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 Real estate activities on a fee or contract basis Extraction and agglomeration of peat Library, archives, museums and other cultural activities Sawmilling and planing of wood; impregnation of wood Other entertainment activities Wholesale of non-agricultural intermediate products, waste and scrap Retail sale of second-hand goods in stores Manufacture of veneer sheets; manufacture of plywood, laminboard, particle board, fibre board and other panels and boards Rank in Europe 1 2 2 4 4 5 5 8 Specialisation 2.93 43.25 3.57 8.08 2.94 2.01 3.56 6.35 Employment 19 462 2 005 6 874 14 976 10 630 18 930 1 881 4 632

62

Regional Industry Specialisation
9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 Sale of motor vehicle parts and accessories Processing and preserving of fish and fish products Other supporting transport activities Database activities Technical testing and analysis Secondary education Retail sale not in stores Letting of own property Steam and hot water supply Manufacture of railway and tramway locomotives and rolling stock Other recreational activities Forestry, logging and related service activities 8 9 9 9 9 9 10 10 11 12 14 15 1.93 8.57 3.08 3.34 2.26 2.99 2.28 2.56 6.22 4.63 2.25 5.15 5 566 6 055 11 841 1 138 4 071 45 283 9 194 11 077 6 726 3 718 5 764 8 448

MALTA
Industry 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 Manufacture of games and toys Building and repairing of ships and boats Retail sale not in stores Activities of travel agencies and tour operators; tourist assistance activities n.e.c. Manufacture of electronic valves and tubes and other electronic components Wholesale of household goods Other wholesale Wholesale of food, beverages and tobacco Manufacture of rubber products Sea and coastal water transport Manufacture of beverages Manufacture of furniture Processing and preserving of fruit and vegetables Manufacture of other wearing apparel and accessories Manufacture of electrical equipment n.e.c. Manufacture of articles of concrete, plaster and cement Rank in Europe 2 3 3 4 5 5 11 13 15 19 21 25 31 32 36 45 Specialisation 15.84 13.02 3.07 3.86 8.62 2.12 2.72 1.61 3.39 4.52 2.29 2.13 2.94 2.33 1.84 1.82 Employment 735 3 689 1 968 1 771 2 832 3 447 1 086 2 330 944 734 976 2 604 670 3 159 755 679

NETHERLANDS Groningen
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 Industry Miscellaneous manufacturing n.e.c. Higher education Veterinary activities Extraction of crude petroleum and natural gas Social work activities Other entertainment activities Manufacture of grain mill products, starches and starch products Manufacture of pulp, paper and paperboard Library, archives, museums and other cultural activities Technical testing and analysis Publishing Agricultural and animal husbandry service activities, except veterinary activities; landscape gardening Manufacture of medical and surgical equipment and orthopaedic appliances Manufacture of glass and glass products Advertising Manufacture of basic chemicals Rank in Europe 2 2 4 5 5 7 10 14 16 20 21 24 24 25 26 28 Specialisation 13.87 3.65 2.62 13.92 2.87 2.20 4.58 4.19 2.62 1.81 1.82 2.21 1.90 2.35 1.52 2.00 Employment 6 408 8 722 627 1 447 24 725 2 051 1 154 1 317 1 298 839 2 101 1 393 1 156 1 219 1 461 1 501

63

Regional Industry Specialisation
17 18 19 20 Farming of animals Manufacture of basic precious and non-ferrous metals Manufacture of articles of paper and paperboard Secondary education 31 38 43 50 2.21 1.84 1.71 1.78 2 799 528 1 053 6 952

Friesland
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20

Industry Social work activities Miscellaneous manufacturing n.e.c. Publishing Farming of animals Other entertainment activities Manufacture of dairy products Manufacture of prepared animal feeds Building and repairing of ships and boats Veterinary activities Agricultural and animal husbandry service activities, except veterinary activities; landscape gardening Processing and preserving of fish and fish products Manufacture of paints, varnishes and similar coatings, printing ink and mastics Insurance and pension funding, except compulsory social security Manufacture of bodies (coachwork) for motor vehicles; manufacture of trailers and semi-trailers Sea and coastal water transport Manufacture of made-up textile articles, except apparel Provision of services to the community as a whole Sale of motor vehicles Manufacture of articles of concrete, plaster and cement Secondary education

Rank in Europe 4 5 8 9 10 11 11 16 17 18 18 20 26 26 35 36 44 45 46 47

Specialisation 2.90 10.65 2.40 5.55 1.88 3.79 3.70 4.07 2.20 2.44 3.16 2.23 1.67 2.11 2.06 1.60 1.91 1.51 1.81 1.79

Employment 28 140 5 533 3 115 7 909 1 970 2 320 669 2 107 594 1 730 647 560 2 902 628 609 585 6 966 3 127 1 232 7 843

Drenthe
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20

Industry Manufacture of man-made fibres Extraction of crude petroleum and natural gas Miscellaneous manufacturing n.e.c. Manufacture of prepared animal feeds Human health activities Publishing Social work activities Library, archives, museums and other cultural activities Camping sites and other provision of short-stay accommodation Insurance and pension funding, except compulsory social security Activities auxiliary to insurance and pension funding Agricultural and animal husbandry service activities, except veterinary activities; landscape gardening Farming of animals Sale of motor vehicles Provision of services to the community as a whole Growing of crops; market gardening; horticulture Manufacture of pulp, paper and paperboard Manufacture of dairy products Secondary education Primary education

Rank in Europe 1 2 4 6 8 10 10 11 14 14 17 20 27 30 33 41 42 53 75 77

Specialisation 30.67 23.31 11.88 4.13 1.69 2.33 2.73 2.66 3.59 2.12 1.83 2.35 2.56 1.61 2.12 1.55 2.05 1.67 1.57 1.60

Employment 1 041 1 938 4 390 532 19 437 2 153 18 829 1 053 1 351 2 616 1 095 1 187 2 600 2 383 5 503 4 989 516 728 4 892 6 632

Overijssel
1 2

Industry Miscellaneous manufacturing n.e.c. Social work activities

Rank in Europe 3 6

Specialisation 13.79 2.85

Employment 11 612 44 683

64

Regional Industry Specialisation
3 4 5 Sale of motor vehicles Publishing Manufacture of instruments and appliances for measuring, checking, testing, navigating and other purposes, except industrial process control equipment Farming of animals Agricultural and animal husbandry service activities, except veterinary activities; landscape gardening Manufacture of prepared animal feeds Hardware consultancy Camping sites and other provision of short-stay accommodation Manufacture of insulated wire and cable Manufacture of television and radio receivers, sound or video recording or reproducing apparatus and associated goods Manufacture of rubber products Manufacture of other chemical products Library, archives, museums and other cultural activities Manufacture of other textiles Secondary education Provision of services to the community as a whole Primary education 8 12 16 1.97 2.30 2.43 6 628 4 843 2 879

6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19

18 19 20 25 34 34 34 35 35 36 39 42 48 67

3.63 2.41 3.23 1.69 2.20 1.79 1.68 2.03 1.63 2.09 1.92 1.84 1.85 1.68

8 381 2 767 947 1 229 1 889 793 632 1 674 891 1 891 1 164 13 078 10 948 15 802

Gelderland
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20

Industry Social work activities

Rank in Europe 2 3 7 8 9 9 13 17 21 21 23 24 28 28 29 34 34 36 39 49

Specialisation 3.24 2.17 7.69 2.49 2.38 6.58 2.59 2.33 3.20 2.31 2.71 3.15 1.59 2.21 2.36 1.72 2.22 2.02 1.86 1.74

Employment 91 722 13 142 11 679 1 960 9 018 4 456 5 366 3 053 1 692 3 760 517 675 8 054 1 532 9 843 1 266 2 289 21 503 1 621 13 634

Sale of motor vehicles Miscellaneous manufacturing n.e.c. Veterinary activities Publishing Manufacture of television and radio receivers, sound or video recording or reproducing apparatus and associated goods Agricultural and animal husbandry service activities, except veterinary activities; landscape gardening Hardware consultancy Manufacture of prepared animal feeds Library, archives, museums and other cultural activities Manufacture of motorcycles and bicycles Manufacture of tobacco products Insurance and pension funding, except compulsory social security Manufacture of tanks, reservoirs and containers of metal; manufacture of central heating radiators and boilers Farming of animals Manufacture of paints, varnishes and similar coatings, printing ink and mastics Manufacture of pulp, paper and paperboard Provision of services to the community as a whole Manufacture of bodies (coachwork) for motor vehicles; manufacture of trailers and semi-trailers Higher education

Flevoland
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9

Industry Monetary intermediation Processing and preserving of fish and fish products Provision of services to the community as a whole Printing and service activities related to printing Advertising Miscellaneous manufacturing n.e.c. Hardware consultancy Telecommunications Software consultancy and supply

Rank in Europe 7 11 13 13 13 14 15 15 17

Specialisation 1.78 5.98 2.68 1.61 1.87 3.30 2.68 1.86 2.09

Employment 5 165 722 5 767 1 556 1 192 1 011 710 2 317 3 085

65

Regional Industry Specialisation
10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 Social work activities Letting of own property Post and courier activities Publishing Wholesale of machinery, equipment and supplies Radio and television activities Agricultural and animal husbandry service activities, except veterinary activities; landscape gardening Insurance and pension funding, except compulsory social security Growing of crops; market gardening; horticulture Manufacture of articles of concrete, plaster and cement Processing and preserving of fruit and vegetables 18 20 21 22 24 25 27 29 32 40 41 2.15 1.97 1.58 1.79 1.79 1.97 2.11 1.54 1.97 1.90 2.33 12 300 1 464 2 549 1 368 2 264 712 885 1 574 5 258 762 572

Utrecht
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Industry Insurance and pension funding, except compulsory social security Publishing Software consultancy and supply Higher education Other entertainment activities Miscellaneous manufacturing n.e.c. Social work activities Hardware consultancy Activities of trade unions Monetary intermediation Legal, accounting, book-keeping and auditing activities; tax consultancy; market research and public opinion polling; business and management consultancy; holdings Radio and television activities Architectural and engineering activities and related technical consultancy Renting of automobiles Advertising Human health activities Library, archives, museums and other cultural activities Agricultural and animal husbandry service activities, except veterinary activities; landscape gardening Provision of services to the community as a whole Sale of motor vehicles

Rank in Europe 6 7 7 7 9 10 12 13 14 14 14

Specialisation 2.85 2.44 2.74 2.85 1.88 5.78 2.55 2.82 3.37 1.61 1.51

Employment 8 885 5 693 12 312 13 749 3 542 5 396 44 427 2 274 667 14 241 20 972

12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20

17 19 20 23 23 26 28 35 38

2.30 1.65 2.39 1.59 1.55 2.24 2.06 2.05 1.54

2 532 10 466 840 3 080 45 055 2 247 2 628 13 481 5 748

Noord-Holland
1 2 3

Industry Other entertainment activities

Rank in Europe 2 3 7

Specialisation 3.11 3.03 1.67

Employment 12 695 15 340 50 220

Publishing Legal, accounting, book-keeping and auditing activities; tax consultancy; market research and public opinion polling; business and management consultancy; holdings News agency activities Monetary intermediation Advertising Miscellaneous manufacturing n.e.c. Activities of trade unions Social work activities Reproduction of recorded media Wholesale of agricultural raw materials and live animals Manufacture of other transport equipment n.e.c. Hardware consultancy Renting of automobiles

4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14

8 9 9 12 13 14 15 15 16 16 17

4.03 1.67 1.98 4.44 3.52 2.47 2.90 2.68 3.95 2.63 2.44

1 660 32 102 8 327 8 999 1 510 93 445 514 4 528 598 4 602 1 856

66

Regional Industry Specialisation
15 16 17 18 19 20 Insurance and pension funding, except compulsory social security Manufacture of motorcycles and bicycles Library, archives, museums and other cultural activities Manufacture of basic iron and steel and of ferro-alloys Inland water transport Manufacture of vegetable and animal oils and fats 18 19 19 22 22 24 1.99 2.85 2.46 3.61 2.91 3.37 13 422 725 5 344 9 885 619 1 191

Zuid-Holland
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20

Industry Insurance and pension funding, except compulsory social security

Rank in Europe 8 9 9 9 10 13 17 23 23 23 25 28 28 29 29 32 33 36 40 42

Specialisation 2.54 5.62 6.79 2.75 7.23 3.16 1.81 3.44 1.76 1.83 2.31 2.08 2.25 1.67 1.75 1.63 1.61 1.73 1.72 1.77

Employment 22 881 6 123 18 319 138 189 2 047 964 853 1 618 11 883 4 257 10 127 4 681 42 657 21 677 93 576 7 107 923 40 465 4 615 2 718

Manufacture of refined petroleum products Miscellaneous manufacturing n.e.c. Social work activities Inland water transport Extra-territorial organizations and bodies Service activities incidental to oil and gas extraction, excluding surveying Manufacture of vegetable and animal oils and fats Publishing Hardware consultancy Manufacture of basic chemicals Wholesale of agricultural raw materials and live animals Provision of services to the community as a whole Software consultancy and supply Administration of the State and the economic and social policy of the community Activities auxiliary to insurance and pension funding Activities of trade unions Growing of crops; market gardening; horticulture Building and repairing of ships and boats Sea and coastal water transport

Zeeland
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20

Industry Manufacture of basic chemicals Inland water transport Social work activities Manufacture of tobacco products Manufacture of refined petroleum products Agricultural and animal husbandry service activities, except veterinary activities; landscape gardening Camping sites and other provision of short-stay accommodation Miscellaneous manufacturing n.e.c. Building and repairing of ships and boats Activities auxiliary to insurance and pension funding Library, archives, museums and other cultural activities Processing and preserving of fish and fish products Cargo handling and storage Manufacture of grain mill products, starches and starch products Manufacture of basic precious and non-ferrous metals Retail sale not in stores Restaurants Processing and preserving of fruit and vegetables Sale of motor vehicles Manufacture of structural metal products

Rank in Europe 1 1 3 5 5 7 7 8 10 10 12 13 13 16 18 19 19 19 20 23

Specialisation 10.67 22.07 2.97 14.25 6.97 2.92 4.74 7.00 5.16 2.02 2.64 4.97 2.69 3.31 2.96 1.95 1.55 3.93 1.68 1.86

Employment 5 223 699 16 707 607 849 1 201 1 458 2 111 1 548 988 854 591 1 725 545 554 1 321 5 588 950 2 031 2 059

Noord-Brabant

Industry

Rank in Europe

Specialisation

Employment

67

Regional Industry Specialisation
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 Manufacture of television and radio receivers, sound or video recording or reproducing apparatus and associated goods Reproduction of recorded media Miscellaneous manufacturing n.e.c. Manufacture of tobacco products Social work activities Sale of motor vehicles Publishing Other entertainment activities Hardware consultancy Manufacture of other chemical products Advertising Manufacture of prepared animal feeds Manufacture of pharmaceuticals, medicinal chemicals and botanical products Farming of animals Manufacture of paints, varnishes and similar coatings, printing ink and mastics Growing of crops; market gardening; horticulture Agricultural and animal husbandry service activities, except veterinary activities; landscape gardening Manufacture of basic chemicals Provision of services to the community as a whole Secondary education 3 5 6 7 11 16 17 17 19 20 22 27 27 37 38 40 40 42 61 80 15.70 4.65 8.78 11.48 2.62 1.74 1.92 1.50 2.09 2.18 1.66 2.66 1.76 1.83 1.64 1.57 1.70 1.60 1.67 1.54 13 143 763 16 483 3 044 91 671 13 088 8 994 5 686 3 389 2 663 6 488 1 740 5 818 9 421 1 493 25 681 4 350 4 862 22 000 24 459

Limburg (NL)
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19

Industry Miscellaneous manufacturing n.e.c.

Rank in Europe 1 4 5 8 13 16 21 22 25 25 31 31 33 34 36 37 39 43 66

Specialisation 16.67 5.87 5.49 2.80 5.31 2.34 1.87 1.77 2.84 1.65 2.73 1.98 1.86 2.19 1.84 1.57 1.92 1.78 1.56

Employment 14 186 8 099 2 613 44 494 2 013 643 1 373 5 020 1 643 5 596 644 14 618 831 2 148 2 137 2 170 1 666 1 329 9 351

Manufacture of basic chemicals Manufacture of office machinery and computers Social work activities Manufacture of television and radio receivers, sound or video recording or reproducing apparatus and associated goods Manufacture of other non-metallic mineral products Hardware consultancy Insurance and pension funding, except compulsory social security Manufacture of pulp, paper and paperboard Sale of motor vehicles Manufacture of bricks, tiles and construction products, in baked clay Growing of crops; market gardening; horticulture Manufacture of insulated wire and cable Manufacture of electronic valves and tubes and other electronic components Agricultural and animal husbandry service activities, except veterinary activities; landscape gardening Activities auxiliary to insurance and pension funding Camping sites and other provision of short-stay accommodation Casting of metals Provision of services to the community as a whole

POLAND Lodzkie
1 2 3 4 Industry Preparation and spinning of textile fibres Manufacture of other wearing apparel and accessories Textile weaving Manufacture of knitted and crocheted articles Rank in Europe 1 1 2 2 Specialisation 10.20 8.25 9.67 14.60 Employment 4 187 39 996 6 625 6 813

68

Regional Industry Specialisation
5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 Production, processing and preserving of meat and meat products Manufacture of lighting equipment and electric lamps Collection, purification and distribution of water Primary education Manufacture of other food products Manufacture of tobacco products Processing and preserving of fruit and vegetables Manufacture of dairy products Manufacture of other textiles Finishing of textiles Manufacture of knitted and crocheted fabrics Manufacture of ceramic tiles and flags Production and distribution of electricity Investigation and security activities 3 3 3 3 3 7 8 8 9 9 10 12 16 16 17 19 7.46 14.39 11.31 4.18 3.25 15.72 5.10 4.18 4.03 14.74 3.05 3.61 3.47 2.77 1.81 3.97 2 689 2 214 3 569 12 441 12 166 827 4 168 5 018 2 957 9 825 9 467 1 893 4 087 31 590 11 207 572

Mazowieckie
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20

Industry Manufacture of soap and detergents, cleaning and polishing preparations, perfumes and toilet preparations

Rank in Europe 1 1 1

Specialisation 8.46 35.72 33.47 3.90 3.31 5.03 3.68 2.69 1.89 3.63 1.67 5.73 1.98 2.16 3.11 2.09 4.31 2.04 3.08 2.91

Employment 16 576 5 046 59 903 20 894 22 630 4 788 12 311 27 239 16 259 1 959 43 369 6 993 33 005 21 767 745 23 262 1 664 18 605 9 914 3 861

Research and experimental development on natural sciences and engineering Publishing Manufacture of prepared animal feeds Other financial intermediation Real estate activities on a fee or contract basis Printing and service activities related to printing Research and experimental development on social sciences and humanities Monetary intermediation Manufacture of television and radio receivers, sound or video recording or reproducing apparatus and associated goods Manufacture of other food products Investigation and security activities Reproduction of recorded media Telecommunications Manufacture of tobacco products Insurance and pension funding, except compulsory social security Manufacture of dairy products Manufacture of gas; distribution of gaseous fuels through mains

1 2 3 4 4 5 10 10 11 11 12 13 13 15 17 18 20

Malopolskie
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12

Industry Production of salt Manufacture of gas; distribution of gaseous fuels through mains Manufacture of tobacco products Higher education

Rank in Europe 1 3 4 4 6 6 6 6 6 6 7 9

Specialisation 37.33 5.01 14.36 3.08 8.42 2.18 3.23 17.36 3.45 2.95 2.49 4.55

Employment 834 2 890 2 410 18 878 7 244 15 741 887 13 494 45 831 3 764 10 877 6 058

Mining and agglomeration of hard coal Manufacture of other food products Recycling of metal waste and scrap Primary education Library, archives, museums and other cultural activities Investigation and security activities Manufacture of glass and glass products

69

Regional Industry Specialisation
13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 Tanning and dressing of leather Manufacture of bricks, tiles and construction products, in baked clay Other first processing of iron and steel Manufacture of basic precious and non-ferrous metals Manufacture of insulated wire and cable Other entertainment activities Manufacture of railway and tramway locomotives and rolling stock 9 9 10 12 12 12 13 14 5.08 12.55 3.02 4.02 4.01 4.79 4.08 1.66 2 704 770 547 1 322 1 674 3 536 2 549 3 982

Slaskie
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20

Industry Mining and agglomeration of hard coal Manufacture of coke oven products

Rank in Europe 1 1 3 4

Specialisation 78.82 75.32 21.11 18.27 6.79 2.43 2.49 2.61 7.24 2.89 2.82 4.29 5.15 3.77 3.46 3.17 3.03 2.58 2.33 2.80

Employment 136 221 3 198 2 600 28 510 9 770 21 280 21 950 18 214 5 543 20 487 2 477 3 317 16 598 5 584 9 526 2 652 21 589 1 423 2 923 3 241

Steam and hot water supply Investigation and security activities Real estate activities on a fee or contract basis Production and distribution of electricity Manufacture of steam generators, except central heating hot water boilers Manufacture of other special purpose machinery Quarrying of sand and clay Manufacture of tubes Manufacture of basic iron and steel and of ferro-alloys Manufacture of basic precious and non-ferrous metals Collection, purification and distribution of water Other first processing of iron and steel Transport via railways Recycling of metal waste and scrap Manufacture of insulated wire and cable Manufacture of gas; distribution of gaseous fuels through mains

7 8 10 11 12 14 15 15 16 16 17 18 18 19 22 22

Lubelskie
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20

Industry Primary education Manufacture of dairy products Manufacture of other food products Collection, purification and distribution of water Transport via railways Higher education Steam and hot water supply Processing and preserving of fruit and vegetables Post and courier activities Production, processing and preserving of meat and meat products

Rank in Europe 1 3 3 4 5 5 6 7 11 12 14

Specialisation 4.31 5.46 2.22 4.83 4.07 3.07 7.67 6.32 1.72 2.89 11.25 3.03 2.08 2.81 2.31 1.54 2.15 2.29 2.57 2.12

Employment 32 167 4 285 9 011 3 720 8 087 10 585 3 083 3 375 6 026 5 861 4 909 1 103 5 122 8 916 1 651 31 900 1 867 1 710 833 11 985

Manufacture of grain mill products, starches and starch products Real estate activities on a fee or contract basis Manufacture of other wearing apparel and accessories Library, archives, museums and other cultural activities Human health activities Manufacture of footwear Manufacture of glass and glass products Manufacture of gas; distribution of gaseous fuels through mains Secondary education

19 20 22 22 24 27 27 27 28

Podkarpackie

70

Regional Industry Specialisation
Industry 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 Manufacture of gas; distribution of gaseous fuels through mains Collection, purification and distribution of water Manufacture of glass and glass products Manufacture of rubber products Manufacture of aircraft and spacecraft Primary education Manufacture of other products of wood; manufacture of articles of cork, straw and plaiting materials Manufacture of railway and tramway locomotives and rolling stock Manufacture of bricks, tiles and construction products, in baked clay Manufacture of veneer sheets; manufacture of plywood, laminboard, particle board, fibre board and other panels and boards Manufacture of knitted and crocheted articles Manufacture of parts and accessories for motor vehicles and their engines Manufacture of refined petroleum products Investigation and security activities Processing and preserving of fruit and vegetables Manufacture of non-refractory ceramic goods other than for construction purposes; manufacture of refractory ceramic products Manufacture of paints, varnishes and similar coatings, printing ink and mastics Rank in Europe 1 1 2 3 4 4 7 8 9 10 Specialisation 11.86 5.18 9.12 8.08 8.50 3.93 4.43 5.24 4.10 5.57 Employment 4 271 4 437 7 578 5 858 6 936 32 555 1 721 1 740 842 1 682

11 12 13 14 15 16

11 11 13 13 15 15

4.46 4.02 3.75 2.10 4.39 3.20

1 515 8 536 1 125 5 721 2 608 1 321

17 18 19 20

16 16

2.45 7.43 5.38 2.33

880 3 603 2 407 5 255

Steam and hot water supply Production, processing and preserving of meat and meat products

17 19

Swietokrzyskie
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17

Industry Quarrying of stone Manufacture of cement, lime and plaster Mining of chemical and fertilizer minerals

Rank in Europe 1 1 2 3 3 4 5 5 5 6 6 7 8 10 13 13 14

Specialisation 11.75 30.77 75.57 4.31 3.97 3.37 4.78 3.49 7.81 4.91 4.19 5.32 3.65 4.44 3.39 11.72 3.35

Employment 1 693 3 216 751 5 578 19 273 1 913 641 4 426 2 041 1 874 2 101 1 053 4 692 2 160 1 729 3 325 808

Transport via railways Primary education Manufacture of articles of concrete, plaster and cement Manufacture of ceramic tiles and flags Production and distribution of electricity Steam and hot water supply Casting of metals Collection, purification and distribution of water Manufacture of tanks, reservoirs and containers of metal; manufacture of central heating radiators and boilers Manufacture of other special purpose machinery Manufacture of glass and glass products Manufacture of dairy products Manufacture of non-refractory ceramic goods other than for construction purposes; manufacture of refractory ceramic products Manufacture of other wearing apparel and accessories Manufacture of gas; distribution of gaseous fuels through mains Production, processing and preserving of meat and meat products

18 19 20

16 18 21

3.19 2.93 2.18

6 576 617 2 875

Podlaskie
1

Industry Manufacture of dairy products

Rank in Europe 1

Specialisation 11.04

Employment 5 037

71

Regional Industry Specialisation
2 3 4 5 6 7 8 Production, processing and preserving of meat and meat products Textile weaving Manufacture of veneer sheets; manufacture of plywood, laminboard, particle board, fibre board and other panels and boards Library, archives, museums and other cultural activities Manufacture of agricultural and forestry machinery Processing and preserving of fruit and vegetables Manufacture of machine tools Real estate activities on a fee or contract basis Manufacture of builders' carpentry and joinery Forestry, logging and related service activities Manufacture of furniture Collection, purification and distribution of water Post and courier activities Investigation and security activities Transport via railways Primary education Manufacture of beverages Steam and hot water supply 2 4 4 5 6 6 7 3.98 3.29 7.84 18.13 3.89 5.39 6.79 17 249 1 910 1 830 4 595 4 592 1 403 1 072

9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20

8 9 10 11 14 16 17 19 20 23 24 24

2.84 4.43 4.79 3.30 2.25 2.81 4.78 2.44 3.42 1.56 1.73 2.90

1 179 1 276 1 488 1 624 3 226 1 935 1 694 4 062 1 529 3 172 2 460 3 356

Wielkopolskie
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20

Industry

Rank in Europe 2 2

Specialisation 23.41 26.30 3.02 7.29 19.73 10.73 6.39 3.70 3.60 2.04 3.18 4.34 2.43 4.69 4.57 3.56 3.55 3.16 3.51 1.90

Employment 1 812 25 790 6 171 5 626 8 135 1 553 4 293 23 857 16 440 18 637 3 356 30 981 5 456 1 062 5 489 6 288 2 585 2 481 1 831 10 490

Agricultural and animal husbandry service activities, except veterinary activities; landscape gardening Manufacture of lighting equipment and electric lamps Mining and agglomeration of lignite Manufacture of accumulators, primary cells and primary batteries Manufacture of railway and tramway locomotives and rolling stock Manufacture of furniture Production, processing and preserving of meat and meat products Manufacture of other food products Manufacture of made-up textile articles, except apparel Manufacture of other wearing apparel and accessories Manufacture of beverages Manufacture of knitted and crocheted fabrics Processing and preserving of fruit and vegetables Manufacture of dairy products Manufacture of gas; distribution of gaseous fuels through mains Manufacture of other products of wood; manufacture of articles of cork, straw and plaiting materials Manufacture of prepared animal feeds Investigation and security activities

3 3 4 4 4 6 7 9 9 10 11 11 12 12 13 14 15 16

Zachodniopomorskie
Industry 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 Building and repairing of ships and boats Collection, purification and distribution of water Processing and preserving of fish and fish products Sawmilling and planing of wood; impregnation of wood Real estate activities on a fee or contract basis Production and distribution of electricity Manufacture of gas; distribution of gaseous fuels through mains Transport via railways

Rank in Europe 2 3 6 6 8 9 9 9

Specialisation 17.65 4.86 12.54 7.53 2.54 3.20 3.95 3.60

Employment 11 265 3 600 3 168 4 991 6 016 6 003 1 229 6 879

72

Regional Industry Specialisation
9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 Manufacture of wooden containers Primary education Steam and hot water supply Forestry, logging and related service activities Sea and coastal water transport Production, processing and preserving of meat and meat products Manufacture of tanks, reservoirs and containers of metal; manufacture of central heating radiators and boilers Manufacture of insulated wire and cable Library, archives, museums and other cultural activities Manufacture of veneer sheets; manufacture of plywood, laminboard, particle board, fibre board and other panels and boards Camping sites and other provision of short-stay accommodation 11 12 13 13 14 16 16 17 17 17 18 19 3.78 12.30 3.93 2.99 5.71 5.06 5.40 2.41 3.29 3.26 2.52 4.32 2 470 5 158 738 21 435 2 207 2 971 1 973 4 702 962 1 098 1 736 1 129

Lubuskie
1

Industry Manufacture of veneer sheets; manufacture of plywood, laminboard, particle board, fibre board and other panels and boards Manufacture of other products of wood; manufacture of articles of cork, straw and plaiting materials Manufacture of gas; distribution of gaseous fuels through mains Manufacture of electrical equipment n.e.c. Forestry, logging and related service activities Production, processing and preserving of meat and meat products Manufacture of footwear Manufacture of furniture Investigation and security activities Sewage and refuse disposal, sanitation and similar activities Manufacture of made-up textile articles, except apparel Sawmilling and planing of wood; impregnation of wood Primary education Manufacture of articles of paper and paperboard Transport via railways Manufacture of glass and glass products Production and distribution of electricity Real estate activities on a fee or contract basis Steam and hot water supply

Rank in Europe 2

Specialisation 10.74

Employment 1 735

2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20

2 4 5 7 8 8 9 9 9 10 11 11 12 13 13 14 14 18 20

7.04 4.95 5.56 17.05 8.06 3.17 5.45 3.44 2.37 2.32 3.00 6.61 3.00 2.42 3.40 3.43 2.53 2.12 4.19

1 465 953 3 181 4 424 2 926 3 827 2 820 5 864 3 459 2 528 836 2 711 13 299 1 279 4 025 1 527 2 931 3 116 1 001

Dolnoslaskie
1 2 3 4 5 6 7

Industry Mining of non-ferrous metal ores, except uranium and thorium ores

Rank in Europe 1 2 4 4 4 6 6

Specialisation 133.98 3.36 8.91 11.56 20.51 6.66 8.48

Employment 18 508 14 511 3 477 544 1 243 3 149 5 529

Investigation and security activities Quarrying of stone Other mining and quarrying n.e.c. Preparation and spinning of textile fibres Manufacture of non-refractory ceramic goods other than for construction purposes; manufacture of refractory ceramic products Manufacture of gas; distribution of gaseous fuels through mains Real estate activities on a fee or contract basis Manufacture of domestic appliances n.e.c. Manufacture of bricks, tiles and construction products, in baked clay

8 9 10 11 12

7 7 8 10 10

4.03 2.60 5.20 4.09 12.88

2 294 11 303 4 826 1 329 9 891

73

Regional Industry Specialisation
13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 Manufacture of railway and tramway locomotives and rolling stock Collection, purification and distribution of water Manufacture of industrial process control equipment Production and distribution of electricity Transport via railways Manufacture of electricity distribution and control apparatus Steam and hot water supply Primary education 11 11 12 12 12 15 15 15 4.75 3.73 3.66 2.60 3.42 3.25 5.55 2.79 2 498 5 057 1 211 8 915 11 990 3 692 3 928 36 664

Opolskie
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20

Industry Manufacture of cement, lime and plaster Quarrying of sand and clay Production and distribution of electricity Transport via railways Manufacture of other food products Casting of metals Manufacture of other general purpose machinery Investigation and security activities Manufacture of basic chemicals Primary education Collection, purification and distribution of water Manufacture of railway and tramway locomotives and rolling stock Manufacture of gas; distribution of gaseous fuels through mains Manufacture of furniture Growing of crops combined with farming of animals (mixed farming) Miscellaneous manufacturing n.e.c. Steam and hot water supply Manufacture of dairy products Manufacture of footwear

Rank in Europe 2 3 4 4 5 5 5 6 7 7 9 13 14 15 15 17 19 21 23 23

Specialisation 24.91 4.67 3.55 4.17 2.18 5.02 2.92 2.91 4.36 3.38 3.98 4.54 3.52 2.59 10.08 1.58 1.91 4.18 2.76 2.51

Employment 2 319 665 4 009 4 808 5 122 1 707 3 607 4 133 2 734 14 579 1 776 786 661 4 297 2 547 5 105 739 974 1 254 1 265

Kujawsko-Pomorskie
Industry 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 Production, processing and preserving of meat and meat products Processing and preserving of fruit and vegetables Investigation and security activities Primary education Manufacture of television and radio transmitters and apparatus for line telephony and line telegraphy Agricultural and animal husbandry service activities, except veterinary activities; landscape gardening Manufacture of grain mill products, starches and starch products Manufacture of other products of wood; manufacture of articles of cork, straw and plaiting materials Manufacture of other fabricated metal products Manufacture of furniture Manufacture of other wearing apparel and accessories Manufacture of plastic products Manufacture of other food products Manufacture of articles of paper and paperboard Steam and hot water supply Manufacture of prepared animal feeds Manufacture of basic chemicals Manufacture of other textiles

Rank in Europe 1 3 3 5 5 6 6 8 9 9 10 10 11 12 12 12 12 12 14 14

Specialisation 2.50 3.30 7.87 4.60 4.97 4.75 16.17 15.82 3.16 4.95 2.36 3.24 2.59 2.67 4.24 3.48 2.50 2.83 3.64 2.09

Employment 12 239 3 532 3 812 1 289 6 478 2 746 671 8 316 7 734 3 187 6 975 29 100 1 682 2 933 1 858 1 468 5 164 9 772 13 917 7 088

74

Regional Industry Specialisation

Warminsko-Mazurskie
Industry 1 2 3 4 5 Manufacture of furniture Agricultural and animal husbandry service activities, except veterinary activities; landscape gardening Steam and hot water supply Production, processing and preserving of meat and meat products Manufacture of veneer sheets; manufacture of plywood, laminboard, particle board, fibre board and other panels and boards Manufacture of other products of wood; manufacture of articles of cork, straw and plaiting materials Manufacture of dairy products Primary education Forestry, logging and related service activities Manufacture of agricultural and forestry machinery Manufacture of wooden containers Manufacture of lighting equipment and electric lamps Collection, purification and distribution of water Manufacture of luggage, handbags and the like, saddlery and harness

Rank in Europe 1 2 2 3 3

Specialisation 5.76 3.10 8.88 4.84 8.57

Employment 12 683 2 166 2 743 7 558 1 790

6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20

4 5 5 7 7 8 8 8 9 11

5.58 5.13 3.68 8.08 4.53 4.79 4.87 4.09 3.80 12.75 2.32 4.63 2.96 1.99 3.31

1 501 3 099 21 102 3 794 1 726 719 1 285 2 423 626 4 276 4 392 2 453 2 700 3 758 8 084

Real estate activities on a fee or contract basis Sawmilling and planing of wood; impregnation of wood Manufacture of builders' carpentry and joinery Investigation and security activities Manufacture of other wearing apparel and accessories

13 14 14 15 15

Pomorskie
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20

Industry Building and repairing of ships and boats Manufacture of wooden containers Real estate activities on a fee or contract basis Processing and preserving of fish and fish products Manufacture of television and radio receivers, sound or video recording or reproducing apparatus and associated goods Manufacture of jewellery and related articles Manufacture of tanks, reservoirs and containers of metal; manufacture of central heating radiators and boilers Manufacture of motorcycles and bicycles Primary education Library, archives, museums and other cultural activities Manufacture of other food products Investigation and security activities Manufacture of games and toys Manufacture of gas; distribution of gaseous fuels through mains Steam and hot water supply Camping sites and other provision of short-stay accommodation Other supporting transport activities Fishing, fish farming and related service activities

Rank in Europe 1 2 2 3 5 5 8 9 10 10 11 13 15 17 17 17 19 19 21 22

Specialisation 28.39 5.93 2.87 19.57 14.55 17.90 7.12 3.03 4.60 5.32 3.14 2.64 1.87 1.83 3.80 3.11 4.96 2.89 2.03 3.51

Employment 25 262 1 553 9 480 11 442 5 123 826 2 840 909 1 876 598 31 399 2 530 10 168 6 031 553 1 351 2 670 2 631 3 889 1 389

PORTUGAL Norte
1 Industry Finishing of textiles Rank in Europe 1 Specialisation 10.33 Employment 10 038

75

Regional Industry Specialisation
2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 Manufacture of other products of wood; manufacture of articles of cork, straw and plaiting materials Manufacture of made-up textile articles, except apparel Manufacture of other wearing apparel and accessories Manufacture of footwear Manufacture of knitted and crocheted fabrics Real estate activities with own property Textile weaving Manufacture of other textiles Manufacture of knitted and crocheted articles Manufacture of jewellery and related articles Building of complete constructions or parts thereof; civil engineering Adult and other education Cutting, shaping and finishing of ornamental and building stone Quarrying of stone Manufacture of furniture Sale of motor vehicle parts and accessories Preparation and spinning of textile fibres Wholesale of household goods Fishing, fish farming and related service activities 1 2 2 3 4 4 5 5 5 10 11 11 16 17 18 19 19 22 27 7.79 5.39 6.89 11.53 10.13 3.09 5.67 5.25 6.72 2.76 2.11 2.46 3.24 3.65 2.45 1.69 3.17 1.62 2.62 11 227 10 417 90 160 41 361 4 202 10 265 10 473 10 388 8 461 2 541 140 658 25 292 5 397 3 336 28 994 7 457 3 514 25 423 3 193

Algarve
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20

Industry Restaurants Real estate activities with own property Building of complete constructions or parts thereof; civil engineering Renting of automobiles Manufacture of other non-metallic mineral products Bars Real estate activities on a fee or contract basis Fishing, fish farming and related service activities Wholesale of food, beverages and tobacco Other service activities Hotels Other entertainment activities Activities of travel agencies and tour operators; tourist assistance activities n.e.c. Other retail sale of new goods in specialized stores Adult and other education Repair of personal and household goods Miscellaneous business activities n.e.c. Collection, purification and distribution of water Retail sale not in stores Sporting activities

Rank in Europe 1 1 2 3 5 5 5 6 6 9 10 12 13 18 20 24 29 32 37 39

Specialisation 3.29 7.49 2.57 5.23 8.83 3.14 2.69 17.45 2.16 1.75 5.07 1.82 2.26 1.51 2.13 2.02 1.52 2.23 1.51 1.87

Employment 13 948 3 220 22 150 698 1 014 6 177 3 536 2 749 3 895 3 896 10 472 1 302 1 296 11 271 2 831 512 3 470 917 1 209 1 598

Centro
1 2

Industry Manufacture of other non-metallic mineral products Manufacture of non-refractory ceramic goods other than for construction purposes; manufacture of refractory ceramic products Manufacture of bricks, tiles and construction products, in baked clay Manufacture of ceramic tiles and flags Cutting, shaping and finishing of ornamental and building stone Sale, maintenance and repair of motorcycles and related parts and accessories Wholesale of food, beverages and tobacco Adult and other education

Rank in Europe 1 2

Specialisation 61.14 14.76

Employment 30 439 12 633

3 4 5 6 7 8

3 4 6 6 7 8

6.38 8.62 4.49 3.48 1.86 2.67

2 719 4 107 4 193 1 643 14 550 15 392

76

Regional Industry Specialisation
9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 Real estate activities with own property Quarrying of stone Manufacture of structural metal products Sale of motor vehicle parts and accessories Processing and preserving of fish and fish products Building of complete constructions or parts thereof; civil engineering Fishing, fish farming and related service activities Quarrying of sand and clay Manufacture of other textiles Manufacture of motorcycles and bicycles Wholesale of non-agricultural intermediate products, waste and scrap Manufacture of prepared animal feeds 9 13 14 14 15 16 16 16 17 20 25 25 2.42 4.18 2.11 1.78 4.18 1.98 4.91 2.80 3.07 2.80 1.53 2.89 4 513 2 140 11 935 4 409 2 539 74 040 3 355 1 590 3 398 542 12 381 1 549

Lisboa
1 2 3 4 5 6 7

Industry Miscellaneous business activities n.e.c. Real estate activities with own property Labour recruitment and provision of personnel Investigation and security activities Wholesale of household goods Non-scheduled air transport Legal, accounting, book-keeping and auditing activities; tax consultancy; market research and public opinion polling; business and management consultancy; holdings Other entertainment activities News agency activities Other wholesale Canteens and catering Other service activities Other supporting transport activities Other computer related activities Advertising Motion picture and video activities Renting of automobiles Adult and other education Repair of personal and household goods Fishing, fish farming and related service activities

Rank in Europe 2 3 5 5 8 10 10

Specialisation 2.57 3.39 3.64 3.11 1.96 4.26 1.61

Employment 47 944 11 852 86 832 33 098 32 372 1 216 69 254

8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20

11 13 14 14 16 17 17 17 21 29 29 31 32

1.84 3.63 2.36 2.00 1.58 2.38 2.13 1.80 1.52 1.98 1.81 1.82 1.94

10 734 2 137 9 570 15 530 28 628 14 810 4 517 10 822 3 271 2 152 19 625 3 755 2 487

Alentejo
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17

Industry Other service activities Manufacture of other products of wood; manufacture of articles of cork, straw and plaiting materials Manufacture of other non-metallic mineral products Bars Cutting, shaping and finishing of ornamental and building stone Wholesale of food, beverages and tobacco Quarrying of stone Adult and other education Processing and preserving of fruit and vegetables Manufacture of other food products Real estate activities with own property Wholesale of agricultural raw materials and live animals Retail sale of automotive fuel Sale of motor vehicles Manufacture of beverages Maintenance and repair of motor vehicles Building of complete constructions or parts thereof; civil engineering

Rank in Europe 2 3 3 3 4 4 5 5 6 7 8 9 16 17 18 20 21

Specialisation 1.97 5.86 19.92 3.34 5.73 2.52 8.07 2.89 6.32 2.17 2.62 3.73 2.11 1.73 2.31 1.69 1.87

Employment 4 904 1 221 2 560 7 347 1 382 5 073 1 066 4 305 2 015 5 244 1 262 1 241 1 255 2 754 1 376 3 436 18 058

77

Regional Industry Specialisation
18 19 20 Fishing, fish farming and related service activities Repair of personal and household goods Renting of other machinery and equipment 21 21 21 3.54 2.15 2.42 624 608 688

Açores
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10

Industry Manufacture of articles of concrete, plaster and cement Building of complete constructions or parts thereof; civil engineering Sale of motor vehicles Manufacture of other non-metallic mineral products Fishing, fish farming and related service activities Wholesale of food, beverages and tobacco Adult and other education Other retail sale of new goods in specialized stores Hotels Bars

Rank in Europe 1 1 1 2 3 3 13 17 28 58

Specialisation 4.27 2.95 2.30 21.32 24.76 3.09 2.42 1.52 1.80 1.82

Employment 728 9 326 1 199 898 1 430 2 041 1 182 4 165 1 361 1 312

Madeira
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14

Industry Real estate activities with own property Building of complete constructions or parts thereof; civil engineering Manufacture of other non-metallic mineral products Restaurants Hotels Other supporting transport activities Activities of travel agencies and tour operators; tourist assistance activities n.e.c. Wholesale of food, beverages and tobacco Other wholesale Fishing, fish farming and related service activities Manufacture of beverages Manufacture of structural metal products Bars Manufacture of builders' carpentry and joinery

Rank in Europe 2 3 6 6 7 11 11 11 12 14 34 43 56 60

Specialisation 6.11 2.46 8.55 2.18 5.88 3.01 2.46 1.70 2.46 6.32 1.97 1.56 1.87 1.58

Employment 1 369 11 046 512 4 823 6 328 1 199 736 1 595 640 519 547 1 059 1 921 519

ROMANIA Nord-Vest
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 Industry Manufacture of furniture Mining of non-ferrous metal ores, except uranium and thorium ores Production of salt Retail sale of food, beverages and tobacco in specialized stores Growing of crops combined with farming of animals (mixed farming) Manufacture of grain mill products, starches and starch products Manufacture of footwear Undifferentiated services producing activities of private households for own use Manufacture of leather clothes Other first processing of iron and steel Manufacture of other wearing apparel and accessories Manufacture of insulated wire and cable Extraction of crude petroleum and natural gas Manufacture of knitted and crocheted articles Farming of animals Forestry, logging and related service activities Rank in Europe 3 4 4 4 5 5 5 5 6 6 7 9 10 10 12 12 Specialisation 4.89 17.85 22.68 3.61 12.85 5.94 10.57 16.86 6.44 7.75 4.94 5.22 4.73 4.75 4.83 5.44 Employment 42 993 4 297 872 41 395 219 946 6 622 28 200 575 1 017 5 568 48 140 5 607 2 175 4 450 27 125 10 189

78

Regional Industry Specialisation
17 18 19 20 Manufacture of cement, lime and plaster Manufacture of made-up textile articles, except apparel Tanning and dressing of leather Service activities incidental to oil and gas extraction, excluding surveying 14 15 15 16 5.95 2.66 2.08 2.30 2 932 3 831 649 821

Centru
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16

Industry Manufacture of grain mill products, starches and starch products Manufacture of made-up textile articles, except apparel Sawmilling and planing of wood; impregnation of wood Manufacture of luggage, handbags and the like, saddlery and harness Manufacture of weapons and ammunition Manufacture of electric motors, generators and transformers Manufacture of gas; distribution of gaseous fuels through mains Undifferentiated services producing activities of private households for own use Site preparation Retail sale of food, beverages and tobacco in specialized stores Transport via pipelines Farming of animals Service activities incidental to oil and gas extraction, excluding surveying Textile weaving Manufacture of other wearing apparel and accessories Manufacture of non-refractory ceramic goods other than for construction purposes; manufacture of refractory ceramic products Manufacture of other products of wood; manufacture of articles of cork, straw and plaiting materials Manufacture of agricultural and forestry machinery Manufacture of musical instruments Growing of crops combined with farming of animals (mixed farming)

Rank in Europe 1 1 1 2 2 2 2 2 3 3 3 4 4 4 5 5

Specialisation 10.26 8.81 11.37 8.56 20.92 6.65 11.18 22.86 5.12 4.22 13.47 8.25 9.53 6.81 5.84 9.26

Employment 10 079 11 170 21 204 4 958 7 924 13 294 9 780 687 14 858 42 575 1 317 40 783 3 002 8 241 50 102 9 278

17 18 19 20

6 6 6 7

4.73 4.77 6.10 6.77

4 468 6 391 703 102 058

Nord-Est
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15

Industry Farming of animals Growing of crops combined with farming of animals (mixed farming) Manufacture of grain mill products, starches and starch products Veterinary activities Mining of iron ores Sawmilling and planing of wood; impregnation of wood Dressing and dyeing of fur; manufacture of articles of fur Manufacture of man-made fibres Service activities incidental to oil and gas extraction, excluding surveying Manufacture of made-up textile articles, except apparel Retail sale of food, beverages and tobacco in specialized stores Manufacture of leather clothes Mining of non-ferrous metal ores, except uranium and thorium ores Manufacture of other wearing apparel and accessories Manufacture of veneer sheets; manufacture of plywood, laminboard, particle board, fibre board and other panels and boards Manufacture of tubes Manufacture of refined petroleum products Textile weaving Manufacture of knitted and crocheted articles

Rank in Europe 1 2 2 2 3 3 4 4 5 6 6 7 9 11 12

Specialisation 22.38 22.31 8.38 2.83 19.85 8.15 5.76 17.49 6.01 4.36 2.57 6.19 3.68 4.29 5.43

Employment 192 869 586 564 14 369 4 612 699 26 505 1 191 5 047 3 301 9 625 45 167 1 503 1 362 64 225 6 948

16 17 18 19

13 16 18 18

4.73 3.31 2.55 3.31

4 824 4 205 5 381 4 766

79

Regional Industry Specialisation
20 Forestry, logging and related service activities 19 4.51 12 962

Sud-Est
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20

Industry Undifferentiated services producing activities of private households for own use Other mining and quarrying n.e.c. Other first processing of iron and steel Recycling of metal waste and scrap Undifferentiated goods producing activities of private households for own use Growing of crops combined with farming of animals (mixed farming) Manufacture of grain mill products, starches and starch products Building and repairing of ships and boats Inland water transport Manufacture of other wearing apparel and accessories Extraction of crude petroleum and natural gas Retail sale of food, beverages and tobacco in specialized stores Transport via pipelines Service activities incidental to oil and gas extraction, excluding surveying Sea and coastal water transport Manufacture of basic iron and steel and of ferro-alloys Dressing and dyeing of fur; manufacture of articles of fur Agricultural and animal husbandry service activities, except veterinary activities; landscape gardening Manufacture of vegetable and animal oils and fats Farming of animals

Rank in Europe 1 2 2 2 2 3 3 4 4 6 7 7 7 9 11 13 14 15 18 20

Specialisation 24.85 21.18 13.90 4.43 37.90 16.40 6.90 11.67 12.11 5.20 8.54 2.44 5.29 4.35 7.31 5.64 3.56 2.56 4.61 3.52

Employment 896 1 835 10 548 2 215 896 296 515 8 135 25 113 2 749 53 512 4 152 29 508 620 1 642 9 009 16 466 505 7 553 1 738 20 891

Sud - Muntenia
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20

Industry Manufacture of refined petroleum products

Rank in Europe 1 1 1 2 2 2 3 3 4 4 4 9 11 12 12 13 14 16 17 17

Specialisation 12.12 4.48 41.82 12.36 18.15 17.68 22.09 22.42 14.24 7.13 14.15 5.34 3.85 3.20 3.93 2.80 3.03 4.04 5.51 5.59

Employment 12 727 2 695 1 189 88 109 8 244 2 493 12 919 972 309 679 3 237 7 728 7 567 4 856 2 291 48 660 5 121 4 056 671 124 545 3 504

Recycling of metal waste and scrap Undifferentiated goods producing activities of private households for own use Farming of animals Service activities incidental to oil and gas extraction, excluding surveying Transport via pipelines Extraction of crude petroleum and natural gas Undifferentiated services producing activities of private households for own use Growing of crops combined with farming of animals (mixed farming) Manufacture of vegetable and animal oils and fats Manufacture of weapons and ammunition Manufacture of grain mill products, starches and starch products Manufacture of gas; distribution of gaseous fuels through mains Mining and agglomeration of lignite Manufacture of other wearing apparel and accessories Manufacture of made-up textile articles, except apparel Manufacture of lighting equipment and electric lamps Manufacture of pesticides and other agro-chemical products Growing of crops; market gardening; horticulture Manufacture of cement, lime and plaster

Bucuresti - Ilfov
1 2

Industry Printing and service activities related to printing

Rank in Europe 1 2

Specialisation 3.29 4.56

Employment 18 151 44 814

Retail sale of food, beverages and tobacco in specialized stores

80

Regional Industry Specialisation
3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 Radio and television activities News agency activities Research and experimental development on social sciences and humanities Other wholesale Transport via pipelines Research and experimental development on natural sciences and engineering Undifferentiated services producing activities of private households for own use Manufacture of made-up textile articles, except apparel Manufacture of gas; distribution of gaseous fuels through mains Other land transport Manufacture of grain mill products, starches and starch products Extra-territorial organizations and bodies Manufacture of industrial process control equipment Other financial intermediation Manufacture of footwear Extraction of crude petroleum and natural gas Manufacture of knitted and crocheted articles Other service activities 2 2 3 4 4 4 4 5 5 6 6 7 8 9 11 12 12 13 4.89 6.08 6.63 7.04 11.26 3.21 18.64 4.42 4.66 1.93 5.74 6.34 3.85 2.50 4.40 3.40 4.35 1.67 10 122 2 171 2 292 17 341 1 072 11 038 545 5 458 3 970 45 874 5 493 1 257 1 902 5 361 10 065 1 342 3 493 18 334

Sud-Vest Oltenia
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12

Industry Growing of crops combined with farming of animals (mixed farming)

Rank in Europe 1 1 3 3 3 4 7 9 10 13 13 14

Specialisation 28.37 15.17 36.38 13.52 7.67 21.92 3.30 5.05 3.78 3.81 2.98 5.05

Employment 468 156 13 410 19 733 4 659 9 385 9 729 19 033 770 12 080 4 101 6 514 4 053

Manufacture of railway and tramway locomotives and rolling stock Mining and agglomeration of lignite Service activities incidental to oil and gas extraction, excluding surveying Manufacture of basic precious and non-ferrous metals Extraction of crude petroleum and natural gas Production and distribution of electricity Manufacture of leather clothes Manufacture of basic chemicals Manufacture of grain mill products, starches and starch products Manufacture of electric motors, generators and transformers Manufacture of veneer sheets; manufacture of plywood, laminboard, particle board, fibre board and other panels and boards Manufacture of other non-metallic mineral products Manufacture of gas; distribution of gaseous fuels through mains Manufacture of man-made fibres Retail sale of food, beverages and tobacco in specialized stores Manufacture of rubber products Retail sale of second-hand goods in stores Manufacture of bricks, tiles and construction products, in baked clay Manufacture of weapons and ammunition

13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20

14 16 17 18 20 21 22 23

2.68 3.23 4.12 2.04 2.49 2.21 3.30 2.06

1 707 3 091 745 22 493 4 795 1 286 1 802 854

Vest
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8

Industry Manufacture of leather clothes Manufacture of insulated wire and cable Manufacture of other transport equipment n.e.c. Retail sale of food, beverages and tobacco in specialized stores Mining of iron ores Manufacture of footwear Manufacture of railway and tramway locomotives and rolling stock Mining and agglomeration of hard coal

Rank in Europe 1 1 1 1 2 2 2 3

Specialisation 33.05 36.74 30.77 4.64 73.12 11.94 13.88 14.02

Employment 3 752 28 358 3 379 38 165 1 203 22 883 9 137 14 926

81

Regional Industry Specialisation
9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 Cutting, shaping and finishing of ornamental and building stone Manufacture of watches and clocks Veterinary activities Manufacture of made-up textile articles, except apparel Tanning and dressing of leather Growing of crops combined with farming of animals (mixed farming) Manufacture of electrical equipment n.e.c. Manufacture of grain mill products, starches and starch products Transport via railways Extraction of crude petroleum and natural gas Manufacture of ceramic tiles and flags Steam and hot water supply 3 3 3 4 4 6 6 7 7 8 8 10 5.84 15.88 2.76 4.90 11.39 10.69 5.19 5.47 3.74 6.59 3.69 6.25 5 207 764 2 100 5 064 2 550 131 387 11 014 4 383 16 399 2 178 1 679 5 538

SLOVENIA
Industry 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 Manufacture of domestic appliances n.e.c. Manufacture of made-up textile articles, except apparel Renting of construction or demolition equipment with operator Manufacture of cutlery, tools and general hardware Manufacture of luggage, handbags and the like, saddlery and harness Manufacture of other non-metallic mineral products Other wholesale Casting of metals Manufacture of optical instruments and photographic equipment Manufacture of other fabricated metal products Manufacture of electrical equipment n.e.c. Manufacture of sports goods Manufacture of electric motors, generators and transformers Manufacture of other products of wood; manufacture of articles of cork, straw and plaiting materials Manufacture of accumulators, primary cells and primary batteries Manufacture of other chemical products Recycling of metal waste and scrap Manufacture of rubber products Wholesale on a fee or contract basis Manufacture of paints, varnishes and similar coatings, printing ink and mastics Rank in Europe 2 3 4 7 8 8 8 10 13 14 15 16 17 18 18 21 22 24 24 25 Specialisation 8.73 4.95 4.25 4.03 3.83 4.42 2.98 3.73 3.35 2.32 2.94 3.54 2.75 2.51 5.13 2.16 2.55 2.34 2.30 2.06 Employment 10 654 5 369 1 617 7 055 1 898 2 201 6 442 5 053 1 925 9 195 6 548 579 4 698 2 026 764 2 171 908 3 533 12 804 1 535

SLOVAKIA Bratislavsky kraj
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 Industry Transport via railways Transport via pipelines Telecommunications Manufacture of refined petroleum products Other wholesale Data processing Investigation and security activities Other recreational activities Renting of other machinery and equipment Software consultancy and supply Retail sale not in stores Advertising Rank in Europe 1 1 1 2 2 3 4 4 5 5 6 7 Specialisation 17.23 35.02 3.26 10.26 9.84 3.87 3.15 2.79 2.78 3.10 2.68 2.24 Employment 31 965 1 182 8 227 2 579 8 599 2 752 7 200 2 487 1 233 9 273 3 752 2 899

82

Regional Industry Specialisation
13 14 Inland water transport Legal, accounting, book-keeping and auditing activities; tax consultancy; market research and public opinion polling; business and management consultancy; holdings Wholesale of household goods Renting of automobiles Letting of own property Manufacture of parts and accessories for motor vehicles and their engines Miscellaneous business activities n.e.c. Manufacture of industrial process control equipment 8 9 7.73 1.63 505 15 025

15 16 17 18 19 20

11 14 15 16 17 17

1.87 3.02 2.24 3.15 1.73 3.03

6 645 707 3 372 5 624 6 947 531

Zapadne Slovensko
Industry 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 Manufacture of electrical equipment n.e.c. Manufacture of television and radio receivers, sound or video recording or reproducing apparatus and associated goods Manufacture of plastic products Manufacture of insulated wire and cable Manufacture of other fabricated metal products Manufacture of machinery for the production and use of mechanical power, except aircraft, vehicle and cycle engines Manufacture of electric motors, generators and transformers Other wholesale Manufacture of wooden containers Manufacture of tanks, reservoirs and containers of metal; manufacture of central heating radiators and boilers Manufacture of footwear Manufacture of beverages Manufacture of railway and tramway locomotives and rolling stock Other first processing of iron and steel Manufacture of parts and accessories for motor vehicles and their engines Manufacture of electricity distribution and control apparatus Production and distribution of electricity Manufacture of basic chemicals Collection, purification and distribution of water Manufacture of prepared animal feeds

Rank in Europe 1 1 2 2 3 3 3 3 4 4 6 7 7 8 8 9 10 11 12 13

Specialisation 15.43 19.15 3.32 13.11 3.43 5.12 5.58 9.00 5.81 5.90 8.18 2.55 5.66 6.05 4.25 4.22 2.78 3.71 3.72 3.55

Employment 16 702 6 403 10 470 5 165 6 605 8 757 4 645 9 474 1 277 2 021 8 002 2 862 1 902 1 592 9 121 3 063 6 086 4 515 3 219 926

Stredne Slovensko
Industry 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 Other wholesale Manufacture of machinery for the production and use of mechanical power, except aircraft, vehicle and cycle engines Post and courier activities Manufacture of articles of paper and paperboard Manufacture of television and radio receivers, sound or video recording or reproducing apparatus and associated goods Collection, purification and distribution of water Manufacture of knitted and crocheted articles Manufacture of basic precious and non-ferrous metals Sawmilling and planing of wood; impregnation of wood Casting of metals Steam and hot water supply Manufacture of other special purpose machinery Manufacture of pulp, paper and paperboard Manufacture of insulated wire and cable Technical testing and analysis Manufacture of veneer sheets; manufacture of plywood, laminboard, particle board, fibre board and other panels and boards

Rank in Europe 1 2 4 5 5 5 6 6 9 9 9 10 11 11 11 13

Specialisation 13.11 6.74 2.35 2.91 9.20 4.40 6.16 6.08 7.18 3.89 6.48 3.38 5.21 4.82 2.00 5.31

Employment 8 755 7 312 5 856 1 841 1 952 2 421 1 342 1 796 3 533 1 626 1 858 4 765 1 686 1 204 958 1 029

83

Regional Industry Specialisation
17 18 19 20 Manufacture of parts and accessories for motor vehicles and their engines Manufacture of beverages Forging, pressing, stamping and roll forming of metal; powder metallurgy Manufacture of furniture 13 15 16 16 3.38 2.34 2.90 2.57 4 613 1 668 1 069 5 245

Vychodne Slovensko
Industry 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 Steam and hot water supply Wholesale on a fee or contract basis Manufacture of electrical equipment n.e.c. Manufacture of knitted and crocheted articles Other wholesale Manufacture of machinery for the production and use of mechanical power, except aircraft, vehicle and cycle engines Manufacture of insulated wire and cable Manufacture of luggage, handbags and the like, saddlery and harness Casting of metals Manufacture of television and radio receivers, sound or video recording or reproducing apparatus and associated goods Retail sale in non-specialized stores Quarrying of stone Manufacture of medical and surgical equipment and orthopaedic appliances Treatment and coating of metals; general mechanical engineering Post and courier activities Investigation and security activities Manufacture of non-refractory ceramic goods other than for construction purposes; manufacture of refractory ceramic products Manufacture of electricity distribution and control apparatus Manufacture of footwear Production and distribution of electricity

Rank in Europe 1 1 2 3 5 6 6 7 7 7 9 14 14 17 18 18 19

Specialisation 9.58 3.68 10.04 12.46 7.03 3.98 6.44 3.90 4.31 7.26 1.84 4.04 2.22 2.52 1.61 1.83 2.67

Employment 2 501 5 740 6 275 2 469 4 270 3 928 1 464 542 1 640 1 401 13 803 581 1 260 3 596 3 649 2 919 642

18 19 20

19 26 27

2.72 2.15 1.91

1 139 1 215 2 413

SPAIN Galicia
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 Industry Fishing, fish farming and related service activities Quarrying of stone Processing and preserving of fish and fish products Farming of animals Building and repairing of ships and boats Cutting, shaping and finishing of ornamental and building stone Growing of crops combined with farming of animals (mixed farming) Activities of households as employers of domestic staff Manufacture of veneer sheets; manufacture of plywood, laminboard, particle board, fibre board and other panels and boards Finishing of textiles Veterinary activities Other first processing of iron and steel Manufacture of other wearing apparel and accessories Manufacture of structural metal products Bars Manufacture of motor vehicles Maintenance and repair of motor vehicles Rank in Europe 1 3 3 8 8 11 14 15 16 Specialisation 37.38 9.74 17.64 5.75 6.45 3.89 1.82 5.41 5.02 Employment 34 312 6 700 14 392 32 644 13 297 4 883 31 512 30 281 4 232

10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17

21 21 26 29 30 30 32 33

2.05 2.06 2.36 2.43 1.71 2.27 1.80 1.55

1 500 2 211 1 712 23 906 12 984 26 067 10 623 16 388

84

Regional Industry Specialisation
18 19 20 Retail sale of food, beverages and tobacco in specialized stores Sea and coastal water transport Manufacture of basic precious and non-ferrous metals 36 38 40 1.73 2.01 1.67 20 120 2 375 2 151

Asturias
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20

Industry Mining and agglomeration of hard coal Manufacture of basic iron and steel and of ferro-alloys Farming of animals Mining of non-ferrous metal ores, except uranium and thorium ores Maintenance and repair of motor vehicles Fishing, fish farming and related service activities Repair of personal and household goods Site preparation Activities of households as employers of domestic staff Manufacture of weapons and ammunition Manufacture of cement, lime and plaster Other first processing of iron and steel Renting of construction or demolition equipment with operator Manufacture of dairy products Manufacture of basic precious and non-ferrous metals Retail sale of food, beverages and tobacco in specialized stores Technical testing and analysis Bars Building of complete constructions or parts thereof; civil engineering Manufacture of non-refractory ceramic goods other than for construction purposes; manufacture of refractory ceramic products

Rank in Europe 5 5 7 7 8 10 11 12 12 14 16 16 16 17 20 21 21 22 25 25

Specialisation 10.36 12.49 5.76 7.79 1.82 8.93 2.49 3.21 5.66 4.09 5.68 3.42 3.25 3.10 2.88 1.96 1.80 2.42 1.65 2.38

Employment 5 731 12 890 12 055 700 7 128 3 022 1 353 3 942 11 672 656 1 046 916 612 2 785 1 367 8 381 1 382 10 217 30 525 1 008

Cantabria
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20

Industry Repair of personal and household goods Manufacture of domestic appliances n.e.c. Farming of animals Activities of households as employers of domestic staff Fishing, fish farming and related service activities Processing and preserving of fish and fish products Quarrying of stone Retail sale of food, beverages and tobacco in specialized stores Casting of metals Site preparation Manufacture of cement, lime and plaster Manufacture of electric motors, generators and transformers Manufacture of basic iron and steel and of ferro-alloys Building of complete constructions or parts thereof; civil engineering Manufacture of tanks, reservoirs and containers of metal; manufacture of central heating radiators and boilers Technical testing and analysis Agricultural and animal husbandry service activities, except veterinary activities; landscape gardening Sewage and refuse disposal, sanitation and similar activities Manufacture of basic chemicals Secondary education

Rank in Europe 3 5 6 6 8 8 9 10 16 16 19 20 21 22 27 28 30 32 34 35

Specialisation 3.76 6.17 6.53 6.80 12.75 10.72 5.87 2.36 3.20 2.82 4.85 2.46 3.61 1.78 2.64 1.66 1.99 1.52 1.75 1.88

Employment 1 196 2 179 7 997 8 201 2 524 1 885 871 5 897 1 258 2 027 522 1 222 2 180 19 280 539 745 1 212 1 866 1 265 7 088

País Vasco
1

Industry Manufacture of tubes

Rank in Europe 2

Specialisation 8.05

Employment 4 579

85

Regional Industry Specialisation
2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 Forging, pressing, stamping and roll forming of metal; powder metallurgy Industrial cleaning Casting of metals Activities of households as employers of domestic staff Manufacture of wooden containers Manufacture of rubber products Recycling of metal waste and scrap Manufacture of domestic appliances n.e.c. Manufacture of sports goods Manufacture of motorcycles and bicycles Motion picture and video activities Manufacture of machine tools Manufacture of accumulators, primary cells and primary batteries Manufacture of tanks, reservoirs and containers of metal; manufacture of central heating radiators and boilers Processing and preserving of fish and fish products Manufacture of basic iron and steel and of ferro-alloys Other first processing of iron and steel Manufacture of weapons and ammunition Manufacture of machinery for the production and use of mechanical power, except aircraft, vehicle and cycle engines 2 2 4 4 5 7 10 12 12 13 14 14 14 15 17 17 17 17 18 7.23 1.99 6.32 7.22 5.64 5.41 2.99 4.33 4.39 3.73 1.89 2.85 6.42 3.50 3.36 4.79 3.24 2.81 2.57 9 834 27 526 9 747 34 238 2 896 9 277 1 214 6 015 817 823 2 475 6 347 1 086 2 808 2 323 11 372 1 995 1 035 10 272

Navarra
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16

Industry Processing and preserving of fruit and vegetables Maintenance and repair of motor vehicles Manufacture of beverages Other first processing of iron and steel Manufacture of parts and accessories for motor vehicles and their engines Manufacture of domestic appliances n.e.c. Activities of households as employers of domestic staff Farming of animals Manufacture of cement, lime and plaster Casting of metals Retail sale of food, beverages and tobacco in specialized stores Quarrying of stone Manufacture of tanks, reservoirs and containers of metal; manufacture of central heating radiators and boilers Manufacture of other general purpose machinery Building of complete constructions or parts thereof; civil engineering Manufacture of veneer sheets; manufacture of plywood, laminboard, particle board, fibre board and other panels and boards Manufacture of insulated wire and cable Manufacture of motor vehicles Sporting activities Manufacture of basic iron and steel and of ferro-alloys

Rank in Europe 2 2 3 5 5 9 16 17 18 24 24 25 25 26 27 30

Specialisation 13.01 2.06 3.86 9.37 5.42 5.05 5.31 3.81 5.33 2.49 1.87 3.15 2.81 1.62 1.57 3.23

Employment 5 361 5 436 2 973 1 692 7 993 2 055 7 386 5 381 660 1 126 5 392 539 661 2 661 19 564 677

17 18 19 20

30 31 32 33

2.05 1.83 2.04 2.21

554 2 683 2 519 1 535

La Rioja
1 2 3 4 5 6 7

Industry Manufacture of beverages Manufacture of tobacco products Manufacture of rubber products Manufacture of bodies (coachwork) for motor vehicles; manufacture of trailers and semi-trailers Processing and preserving of fruit and vegetables Manufacture of footwear Other recreational activities

Rank in Europe 1 1 2 3 4 4 8

Specialisation 8.27 38.83 8.20 7.00 8.64 10.87 2.69

Employment 3 307 1 465 2 143 1 072 1 850 3 789 1 027

86

Regional Industry Specialisation
8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 Manufacture of articles of concrete, plaster and cement Manufacture of structural metal products Manufacture of other fabricated metal products Activities of households as employers of domestic staff Agricultural and animal husbandry service activities, except veterinary activities; landscape gardening Farming of animals Building of complete constructions or parts thereof; civil engineering Growing of crops; market gardening; horticulture Manufacture of domestic appliances n.e.c. Manufacture of articles of paper and paperboard Manufacture of furniture Production, processing and preserving of meat and meat products Site preparation 9 9 9 10 14 23 24 25 25 30 34 37 38 2.75 2.18 2.80 5.92 2.56 2.85 1.69 2.73 2.50 1.87 1.79 1.78 1.94 961 2 140 1 924 4 274 934 2 085 10 910 6 348 529 664 2 054 1 450 835

Aragón
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20

Industry Quarrying of sand and clay Manufacture of accumulators, primary cells and primary batteries Manufacture of insulated wire and cable Recycling of non-metal waste and scrap Manufacture of man-made fibres Manufacture of tanks, reservoirs and containers of metal; manufacture of central heating radiators and boilers Manufacture of domestic appliances n.e.c. Activities of households as employers of domestic staff Manufacture of bodies (coachwork) for motor vehicles; manufacture of trailers and semi-trailers Manufacture of ceramic tiles and flags Wholesale of food, beverages and tobacco Manufacture of railway and tramway locomotives and rolling stock Activities of trade unions Growing of crops; market gardening; horticulture Manufacture of motor vehicles Retail sale of second-hand goods in stores Manufacture of parts and accessories for motor vehicles and their engines Building of complete constructions or parts thereof; civil engineering Retail sale of food, beverages and tobacco in specialized stores Veterinary activities

Rank in Europe 4 5 7 7 10 14 14 14 16 16 16 20 22 26 26 27 27 29 29 29

Specialisation 4.50 9.93 5.37 3.39 6.67 3.72 3.89 5.41 3.39 1.70 1.55 3.27 2.51 2.72 2.62 1.90 2.61 1.51 1.80 1.96

Employment 1 729 999 2 945 1 105 639 1 774 3 211 15 260 2 027 549 8 170 1 529 554 24 656 7 801 585 7 789 38 249 10 513 1 063

Madrid
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Industry Activities of households as employers of domestic staff Telecommunications Other computer related activities Printing and service activities related to printing News agency activities Service activities incidental to oil and gas extraction, excluding surveying Maintenance and repair of office, accounting and computing machinery Extra-territorial organizations and bodies Radio and television activities Mining of non-ferrous metal ores, except uranium and thorium ores Motion picture and video activities

Rank in Europe 1 2 3 4 5 6 8 8 9 10 12

Specialisation 11.35 3.22 4.66 1.92 4.43 5.74 3.01 5.92 3.05 2.24 1.97

Employment 162 610 69 361 18 084 32 032 4 775 5 321 6 555 3 548 19 105 1 397 7 764

87

Regional Industry Specialisation
12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 Processing of nuclear fuel Manufacture of office machinery and computers Insurance and pension funding, except compulsory social security Scheduled air transport Manufacture of watches and clocks Restaurants Reproduction of recorded media Investigation and security activities Advertising 13 13 13 15 16 17 17 19 20 2.94 2.94 2.12 3.29 2.99 1.60 2.69 1.81 1.70 574 8 714 37 576 16 602 520 101 216 1 246 35 254 18 738

Castilla y León
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20

Industry Manufacture of prepared animal feeds Mining and agglomeration of hard coal Farming of animals Manufacture of rubber products Manufacture of bricks, tiles and construction products, in baked clay Activities of households as employers of domestic staff Retail sale of food, beverages and tobacco in specialized stores Building of complete constructions or parts thereof; civil engineering Manufacture of motor vehicles Bars Manufacture of dairy products

Rank in Europe 4 10 13 13 13 13 15 19 20 20 21 21 22 22 25 26 27 28 28 30

Specialisation 4.69 2.44 4.44 3.89 4.02 5.43 2.16 1.96 2.91 2.51 2.90 2.76 1.89 3.28 2.01 1.62 2.18 2.21 1.90 2.25

Employment 3 049 3 296 22 762 7 110 2 076 27 374 22 543 88 786 15 479 25 926 6 373 3 125 5 257 2 033 1 951 18 436 1 603 2 253 10 831 36 449

Cutting, shaping and finishing of ornamental and building stone Retail sale of automotive fuel Quarrying of stone Veterinary activities Manufacture of other food products Processing and preserving of fish and fish products Manufacture of grain mill products, starches and starch products Production, processing and preserving of meat and meat products Growing of crops; market gardening; horticulture

Castilla-La Mancha
Industry 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 Manufacture of bricks, tiles and construction products, in baked clay Building of complete constructions or parts thereof; civil engineering Manufacture of structural metal products Manufacture of ceramic tiles and flags Manufacture of cement, lime and plaster Activities of households as employers of domestic staff Manufacture of footwear Maintenance and repair of motor vehicles Manufacture of articles of concrete, plaster and cement Manufacture of accumulators, primary cells and primary batteries Growing of crops; market gardening; horticulture Manufacture of furniture Building completion Manufacture of grain mill products, starches and starch products Manufacture of vegetable and animal oils and fats Activities of trade unions Farming of animals Manufacture of tanks, reservoirs and containers of metal; manufacture of central heating radiators and boilers

Rank in Europe 2 4 8 10 11 11 12 12 13 13 23 23 24 25 26 27 28 31

Specialisation 7.87 2.42 2.23 2.65 6.26 5.67 3.95 1.78 2.52 6.42 3.57 2.16 1.69 2.62 2.75 1.93 2.51 2.18

Employment 3 040 81 928 11 415 1 146 2 106 21 383 7 199 12 709 4 603 865 43 300 12 933 17 537 1 997 669 572 9 604 1 389

88

Regional Industry Specialisation
19 20 Manufacture of knitted and crocheted articles Retail sale of food, beverages and tobacco in specialized stores 33 34 2.36 1.75 1 508 13 660

Extremadura
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20

Industry Quarrying of stone Manufacture of tobacco products Sale, maintenance and repair of motorcycles and related parts and accessories

Rank in Europe 8 9 9 11 12 13 14 14 14 14 17 18 19 20 23 25 28 50 51 53

Specialisation 6.02 10.02 3.29 2.14 1.68 2.20 4.44 3.54 2.06 2.12 4.79 5.45 4.56 3.87 4.11 2.30 2.23 1.58 1.98 1.54

Employment 1 477 1 046 744 31 425 6 278 9 106 8 997 911 36 871 3 532 9 550 34 974 588 2 289 732 1 033 2 653 1 352 1 336 1 552

Administration of the State and the economic and social policy of the community Wholesale of food, beverages and tobacco Retail sale of food, beverages and tobacco in specialized stores Farming of animals Manufacture of prepared animal feeds Building of complete constructions or parts thereof; civil engineering Retail sale not in stores Activities of households as employers of domestic staff Growing of crops; market gardening; horticulture Manufacture of vegetable and animal oils and fats Processing and preserving of fruit and vegetables Manufacture of cement, lime and plaster Cutting, shaping and finishing of ornamental and building stone Site preparation Collection, purification and distribution of water Forestry, logging and related service activities Agricultural and animal husbandry service activities, except veterinary activities; landscape gardening

Cataluña
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20

Industry Finishing of textiles Manufacture of knitted and crocheted fabrics Tanning and dressing of leather Preparation and spinning of textile fibres Textile weaving Reproduction of recorded media Activities of households as employers of domestic staff Printing and service activities related to printing Retail sale of food, beverages and tobacco in specialized stores Manufacture of soap and detergents, cleaning and polishing preparations, perfumes and toilet preparations Manufacture of paints, varnishes and similar coatings, printing ink and mastics Service activities incidental to oil and gas extraction, excluding surveying Manufacture of ceramic tiles and flags Manufacture of other products of wood; manufacture of articles of cork, straw and plaiting materials Manufacture of man-made fibres Maintenance and repair of office, accounting and computing machinery Dressing and dyeing of fur; manufacture of articles of fur Manufacture of pharmaceuticals, medicinal chemicals and botanical products Hunting, trapping and game propagation, including related service activities Manufacture of basic chemicals

Rank in Europe 7 7 7 8 8 8 8 8 9 15 18 19 19 21 21 22 22 24 24 24

Specialisation 4.62 6.47 3.63 4.70 5.02 3.66 6.49 1.80 2.37 2.57 2.37 1.56 1.50 2.42 2.88 1.86 2.19 1.90 2.75 2.32

Employment 9 783 5 839 3 307 11 318 20 186 1 915 104 840 33 780 79 435 11 001 6 853 1 634 2 777 7 583 1 580 4 557 863 19 984 511 22 507

Valencia

Industry

Rank in Europe

Specialisation

Employment

89

Regional Industry Specialisation
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 Manufacture of ceramic tiles and flags Cutting, shaping and finishing of ornamental and building stone Wholesale of food, beverages and tobacco Activities of households as employers of domestic staff Manufacture of footwear Tanning and dressing of leather Manufacture of wooden containers Manufacture of games and toys Restaurants Real estate activities with own property Manufacture of jewellery and related articles Quarrying of stone Building of complete constructions or parts thereof; civil engineering Textile weaving Renting of construction or demolition equipment with operator Manufacture of tobacco products Manufacture of veneer sheets; manufacture of plywood, laminboard, particle board, fibre board and other panels and boards Manufacture of pesticides and other agro-chemical products Finishing of textiles Reproduction of recorded media 1 2 2 3 7 9 9 9 11 12 14 15 17 17 19 23 23 27.47 6.28 3.44 8.09 7.49 3.17 4.45 5.01 1.94 2.23 2.24 3.99 1.98 3.17 2.99 3.15 3.96 31 887 14 294 65 340 82 005 36 660 1 812 4 893 3 063 86 725 10 107 2 820 4 973 179 874 7 985 2 771 1 670 6 045

18 19 20

23 24 24

3.14 1.93 1.74

755 2 562 570

Illes Balears
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20

Industry Renting of automobiles Activities of households as employers of domestic staff Activities of travel agencies and tour operators; tourist assistance activities n.e.c. Hotels

Rank in Europe 2 2 3 4 4 5 6 9 9 11 12 18 18 18 23 23 36 40 43 51

Specialisation 6.40 9.28 3.94 7.40 2.33 4.52 6.39 2.13 2.11 2.69 2.33 2.69 3.45 2.16 2.00 3.71 1.83 1.62 1.64 1.56

Employment 2 161 22 543 5 714 38 655 25 000 506 5 464 46 338 14 023 3 302 701 3 150 858 2 777 3 856 1 901 1 639 645 3 552 1 622

Restaurants Renting of other transport equipment Scheduled air transport Building of complete constructions or parts thereof; civil engineering Building completion Agricultural and animal husbandry service activities, except veterinary activities; landscape gardening Manufacture of jewellery and related articles Manufacture of footwear Manufacture of bricks, tiles and construction products, in baked clay Other recreational activities Other supporting transport activities Sea and coastal water transport Building and repairing of ships and boats Fishing, fish farming and related service activities Sporting activities Collection, purification and distribution of water

Andalucía
1 2 3 4 5 6

Industry Activities of households as employers of domestic staff Manufacture of vegetable and animal oils and fats Building of complete constructions or parts thereof; civil engineering Wholesale of food, beverages and tobacco Agricultural and animal husbandry service activities, except veterinary activities; landscape gardening Hunting, trapping and game propagation, including related service activities

Rank in Europe 5 6 6 8 10 10

Specialisation 7.02 6.83 2.19 1.79 2.70 7.64

Employment 102 175 6 423 286 355 48 721 19 833 1 279

90

Regional Industry Specialisation
7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 Restaurants Retail sale of food, beverages and tobacco in specialized stores Site preparation Growing of crops; market gardening; horticulture Manufacture of refined petroleum products Fishing, fish farming and related service activities Manufacture of jewellery and related articles Manufacture of cement, lime and plaster Building completion Manufacture of luggage, handbags and the like, saddlery and harness Other recreational activities Building and repairing of ships and boats Manufacture of structural metal products Quarrying of stone 15 16 20 21 22 24 25 29 30 32 32 33 37 39 1.68 2.06 2.57 4.69 2.32 2.90 1.87 2.98 1.60 1.82 1.83 2.08 1.57 2.32 107 795 62 059 22 284 219 417 5 056 6 917 3 377 3 866 63 648 3 146 14 101 11 170 31 009 4 154

Murcia
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17

Industry Agricultural and animal husbandry service activities, except veterinary activities; landscape gardening Wholesale of food, beverages and tobacco Processing and preserving of fruit and vegetables Building of complete constructions or parts thereof; civil engineering Building completion Activities of households as employers of domestic staff Tanning and dressing of leather Renting of construction or demolition equipment with operator Cutting, shaping and finishing of ornamental and building stone Growing of crops; market gardening; horticulture Manufacture of furniture Sale, maintenance and repair of motorcycles and related parts and accessories Site preparation Manufacture of structural metal products Manufacture of paints, varnishes and similar coatings, printing ink and mastics Fishing, fish farming and related service activities Manufacture of non-refractory ceramic goods other than for construction purposes; manufacture of refractory ceramic products Manufacture of tanks, reservoirs and containers of metal; manufacture of central heating radiators and boilers Quarrying of stone Manufacture of refined petroleum products

Rank in Europe 1 1 3 5 6 7 8 11 12 16 17 19 22 26 28 31 31

Specialisation 3.10 4.19 12.59 2.32 2.20 6.53 3.47 3.67 3.69 5.77 2.51 2.28 2.46 1.78 1.99 2.00 2.19

Employment 4 469 22 426 10 641 59 450 17 239 18 619 558 956 2 360 52 946 11 402 739 4 172 6 895 1 018 935 1 283

18 19 20

33 37 37

2.09 2.40 1.58

1 007 841 674

Ceuta
1 2 3 4 5

Industry Provision of services to the community as a whole Administration of the State and the economic and social policy of the community Secondary education Retail sale of food, beverages and tobacco in specialized stores Primary education

Rank in Europe 1 4 14 35 82

Specialisation 9.45 2.46 2.55 1.74 1.54

Employment 4 361 3 206 1 415 641 1 128

Melilla
1 2 3 4

Industry Provision of services to the community as a whole Industrial cleaning Secondary education Retail sale of food, beverages and tobacco in specialized stores

Rank in Europe 2 3 10 11

Specialisation 8.90 1.98 2.81 2.34

Employment 3 451 863 1 314 722

91

Regional Industry Specialisation
5 6 Primary education Bars 45 63 1.95 1.77 1 201 542

Canarias
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20

Industry Maintenance and repair of office, accounting and computing machinery Hotels Activities of travel agencies and tour operators; tourist assistance activities n.e.c. Restaurants Renting of automobiles Manufacture of tobacco products Camping sites and other provision of short-stay accommodation Building of complete constructions or parts thereof; civil engineering Scheduled air transport Other recreational activities Wholesale of food, beverages and tobacco Activities of households as employers of domestic staff Manufacture of refined petroleum products Repair of personal and household goods Fishing, fish farming and related service activities Sea and coastal water transport Provision of services to the community as a whole Retail sale of food, beverages and tobacco in specialized stores Veterinary activities Adult and other education

Rank in Europe 3 5 9 9 10 11 12 13 13 13 15 18 26 29 36 37 38 39 39 41

Specialisation 3.86 6.86 2.66 1.98 3.41 8.71 3.77 2.07 3.48 2.43 1.60 4.70 2.13 1.84 1.70 2.02 1.98 1.61 1.68 1.59

Employment 2 489 62 742 6 755 37 243 2 017 1 937 6 042 78 997 5 212 5 475 12 729 19 991 1 353 2 062 1 190 1 812 21 882 14 172 1 370 9 403

SWEDEN Stockholm
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 Industry Software consultancy and supply Advertising Wholesale of household goods Wholesale of machinery, equipment and supplies Database activities Architectural and engineering activities and related technical consultancy Publishing Non-scheduled air transport Motion picture and video activities Legal, accounting, book-keeping and auditing activities; tax consultancy; market research and public opinion polling; business and management consultancy; holdings Radio and television activities Letting of own property Telecommunications Activities of travel agencies and tour operators; tourist assistance activities n.e.c. News agency activities Industrial cleaning Sea and coastal water transport Miscellaneous business activities n.e.c. Scheduled air transport Data processing Rank in Europe 1 1 2 2 3 5 6 6 6 6 Specialisation 6.49 4.14 2.84 3.68 5.69 2.04 2.67 6.78 3.26 1.84 Employment 41 116 11 311 21 331 19 927 1 424 18 278 8 755 881 3 189 35 923

11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20

7 9 10 12 12 16 17 18 19 19

3.17 2.58 2.11 2.39 3.67 1.59 5.33 1.73 2.57 2.59

4 926 8 205 11 290 5 075 982 16 481 3 998 14 682 3 214 3 894

Östra Mellansverige
Industry

Rank in Europe

Specialisation

Employment

92

Regional Industry Specialisation
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 Manufacture of cutlery, tools and general hardware Letting of own property Manufacture of other chemical products Building installation Manufacture of weapons and ammunition Manufacture of other special purpose machinery Wholesale of non-agricultural intermediate products, waste and scrap Miscellaneous business activities n.e.c. Manufacture of pulp, paper and paperboard Manufacture of other general purpose machinery Other first processing of iron and steel Renting of construction or demolition equipment with operator Manufacture of basic precious and non-ferrous metals Manufacture of machinery for the production and use of mechanical power, except aircraft, vehicle and cycle engines Site preparation Treatment and coating of metals; general mechanical engineering Software consultancy and supply Wholesale of machinery, equipment and supplies Other land transport Technical testing and analysis 1 1 4 4 5 7 8 8 9 9 10 10 11 11 11 12 12 13 14 18 6.81 3.25 3.53 1.78 13.30 3.65 1.90 1.90 7.34 2.49 5.25 3.81 4.80 2.99 3.31 2.92 2.39 2.29 1.54 1.84 5 493 5 581 1 634 12 499 1 987 7 693 7 096 8 715 3 550 5 658 1 311 668 2 117 4 855 3 785 6 829 8 181 6 699 14 858 1 313

Småland med öarna
Industry 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 Manufacture of builders' carpentry and joinery Treatment and coating of metals; general mechanical engineering Manufacture of other general purpose machinery Manufacture of articles of paper and paperboard Manufacture of other fabricated metal products Sawmilling and planing of wood; impregnation of wood Wholesale of non-agricultural intermediate products, waste and scrap Letting of own property Manufacture of wooden containers Manufacture of basic precious and non-ferrous metals Manufacture of lighting equipment and electric lamps Manufacture of furniture Other land transport Forestry, logging and related service activities Casting of metals Printing and service activities related to printing Manufacture of paints, varnishes and similar coatings, printing ink and mastics Manufacture of rubber products Manufacture of machinery for the production and use of mechanical power, except aircraft, vehicle and cycle engines Sale of motor vehicles

Rank in Europe 1 1 1 2 2 5 6 6 7 7 7 8 9 10 11 12 12 12 12 13

Specialisation 6.39 4.57 3.85 3.40 3.83 7.54 2.00 2.79 5.10 5.64 4.99 3.56 1.69 6.76 3.70 1.63 2.53 4.07 2.93 1.87

Employment 4 953 6 564 5 380 1 973 4 285 3 400 4 600 2 937 652 1 527 1 120 6 673 9 992 2 699 1 419 2 235 534 1 737 2 919 3 261

Sydsverige
1 2 3 4 5

Industry Wholesale of non-agricultural intermediate products, waste and scrap Manufacture of paints, varnishes and similar coatings, printing ink and mastics Software consultancy and supply Letting of own property Manufacture of medical and surgical equipment and orthopaedic appliances

Rank in Europe 2 3 4 5 8

Specialisation 2.31 4.15 3.13 2.84 3.21

Employment 8 044 1 327 9 959 4 539 2 786

93

Regional Industry Specialisation
6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 Architectural and engineering activities and related technical consultancy Wholesale of machinery, equipment and supplies Manufacture of other general purpose machinery Building installation Sea and coastal water transport Wholesale of household goods Advertising Publishing Sale of motor vehicles Processing and preserving of fruit and vegetables Manufacture of pulp, paper and paperboard Manufacture of pharmaceuticals, medicinal chemicals and botanical products Miscellaneous business activities n.e.c. Renting of other machinery and equipment Manufacture of basic chemicals 9 10 11 13 14 14 14 15 15 16 16 20 22 23 26 1.83 2.50 2.37 1.58 5.44 1.77 1.84 2.01 1.80 4.30 4.01 2.10 1.64 2.38 2.30 8 259 6 814 5 009 10 269 2 052 6 669 2 533 3 324 4 755 2 277 1 804 2 444 7 000 1 124 2 471

Västsverige
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20

Industry Architectural and engineering activities and related technical consultancy

Rank in Europe 2 3 3 4 6 6 6 7 11 11 12 12 15 16 19 19 25 26 28 28

Specialisation 2.24 10.34 2.27 2.23 2.88 10.92 2.98 2.60 2.50 1.90 4.48 3.80 2.71 1.51 3.02 2.04 2.34 2.52 1.92 2.55

Employment 15 455 29 911 12 137 12 889 3 884 6 314 14 528 6 386 10 448 3 998 3 093 1 557 6 274 20 771 1 205 2 722 3 815 1 838 6 412 7 399

Manufacture of motor vehicles Wholesale of non-agricultural intermediate products, waste and scrap Wholesale of household goods Manufacture of articles of paper and paperboard Sea and coastal water transport Software consultancy and supply Letting of own property Wholesale of machinery, equipment and supplies Advertising Manufacture of pulp, paper and paperboard Manufacture of refined petroleum products Manufacture of machinery for the production and use of mechanical power, except aircraft, vehicle and cycle engines Other land transport Processing and preserving of fish and fish products Manufacture of medical and surgical equipment and orthopaedic appliances Site preparation Manufacture of other textiles Treatment and coating of metals; general mechanical engineering Manufacture of parts and accessories for motor vehicles and their engines

Norra Mellansverige
Industry 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 Manufacture of pulp, paper and paperboard Building installation Manufacture of cutlery, tools and general hardware Letting of own property Forestry, logging and related service activities Manufacture of basic iron and steel and of ferro-alloys Treatment and coating of metals; general mechanical engineering Manufacture of wooden containers Manufacture of other special purpose machinery Sawmilling and planing of wood; impregnation of wood Other first processing of iron and steel

Rank in Europe 1 1 2 2 3 4 4 6 6 7 7

Specialisation 29.04 2.01 5.83 2.98 9.51 12.86 3.91 5.33 4.02 7.52 6.31

Employment 7 624 7 648 2 555 2 782 3 361 6 708 4 969 602 4 601 3 001 855

94

Regional Industry Specialisation
12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 Site preparation Other land transport Manufacture of builders' carpentry and joinery Sale of motor vehicles Wholesale of non-agricultural intermediate products, waste and scrap Manufacture of bodies (coachwork) for motor vehicles; manufacture of trailers and semi-trailers Manufacture of other general purpose machinery Miscellaneous business activities n.e.c. Retail sale of automotive fuel 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 15 17 4.20 1.78 3.26 1.95 1.82 3.74 2.14 1.80 2.06 2 611 9 274 2 235 3 006 3 691 828 2 640 4 475 1 186

Mellersta Norrland
Industry 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 Miscellaneous business activities n.e.c. Forestry, logging and related service activities Manufacture of pulp, paper and paperboard Building installation Site preparation Letting of own property Other land transport Sawmilling and planing of wood; impregnation of wood Telecommunications Retail sale of automotive fuel Architectural and engineering activities and related technical consultancy Production and distribution of electricity Software consultancy and supply Manufacture of basic chemicals Wholesale of non-agricultural intermediate products, waste and scrap Manufacture of other special purpose machinery Treatment and coating of metals; general mechanical engineering Manufacture of machinery for the production and use of mechanical power, except aircraft, vehicle and cycle engines Manufacture of other general purpose machinery Sporting activities

Rank in Europe 1 2 2 3 4 4 5 8 9 10 10 15 16 18 19 19 20 28 29 33

Specialisation 2.61 14.19 25.85 1.85 4.69 2.90 2.00 7.25 2.15 2.21 1.83 2.51 2.15 2.98 1.58 2.74 2.31 2.12 1.58 2.03

Employment 2 913 2 252 3 047 3 166 1 307 1 215 4 702 1 299 1 511 571 2 160 1 270 1 794 837 1 443 1 411 1 321 840 874 847

Övre Norrland
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17

Industry Sawmilling and planing of wood; impregnation of wood Site preparation Building installation Retail sale of automotive fuel Other land transport Letting of own property Forestry, logging and related service activities Sale of motor vehicles Miscellaneous business activities n.e.c.

Rank in Europe 2 2 2 3 3 3 4 4 5 6 6 8 10 14 16 18 18

Specialisation 9.46 7.45 1.87 2.71 2.17 2.98 9.50 2.15 2.23 4.22 11.09 3.27 2.52 1.81 2.11 1.58 2.89

Employment 2 165 2 652 4 068 895 6 510 1 595 1 924 1 901 3 183 1 659 1 670 2 113 2 682 2 725 613 1 844 625

Manufacture of builders' carpentry and joinery Manufacture of pulp, paper and paperboard Production and distribution of electricity Software consultancy and supply Architectural and engineering activities and related technical consultancy Manufacture of medical and surgical equipment and orthopaedic appliances Wholesale of non-agricultural intermediate products, waste and scrap Manufacture of rubber products

95

Regional Industry Specialisation
18 19 20 Manufacture of other general purpose machinery Treatment and coating of metals; general mechanical engineering Manufacture of parts and accessories for motor vehicles and their engines 19 24 29 1.89 2.04 2.41 1 341 1 489 1 530

UNITED KINGDOM Tees Valley and Durham
Industry 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 Sporting activities Renting of construction or demolition equipment with operator Canteens and catering Renting of other machinery and equipment Manufacture of basic chemicals Other recreational activities Maintenance and repair of office, accounting and computing machinery Retail sale in non-specialized stores Secondary education Telecommunications Bars Adult and other education Manufacture of other chemical products Primary education Manufacture of bodies (coachwork) for motor vehicles; manufacture of trailers and semi-trailers Activities of other membership organizations Manufacture of plastic products Higher education Provision of services to the community as a whole Rank in Europe 4 7 8 8 9 9 13 13 16 19 21 22 26 26 28 43 47 48 53 Specialisation 3.19 4.00 2.29 2.68 3.82 2.62 2.39 1.75 2.39 1.68 2.49 2.03 1.91 2.24 2.08 1.72 1.51 1.78 1.80 Employment 6 284 809 5 031 1 564 5 069 3 071 804 24 763 16 564 5 591 11 306 6 216 1 017 20 550 975 4 279 5 218 7 522 10 338

Northumb and Tyne and Wear
Industry 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 Other recreational activities Database activities Higher education Primary education Sporting activities Bars Adult and other education Miscellaneous business activities n.e.c. Renting of other machinery and equipment Manufacture of articles of paper and paperboard Activities of travel agencies and tour operators; tourist assistance activities n.e.c. Human health activities Renting of construction or demolition equipment with operator Letting of own property Activities of other membership organizations

Rank in Europe 3 11 11 14 14 16 21 21 29 29 29 29 30 35 36

Specialisation 2.93 3.11 2.69 2.90 2.63 2.59 2.10 1.65 2.22 1.87 1.53 1.51 2.37 1.63 1.85

Employment 4 910 693 16 233 38 022 7 393 16 778 9 224 12 452 1 856 2 910 2 884 55 030 686 4 609 6 596

Cumbria
1 2 3 4 5 6

Industry Camping sites and other provision of short-stay accommodation Other recreational activities Bars Sporting activities Sale of motor vehicles Library, archives, museums and other cultural activities

Rank in Europe 2 6 7 7 7 10

Specialisation 8.14 2.73 3.00 2.95 1.99 2.66

Employment 2 876 1 357 5 753 2 460 2 762 990

96

Regional Industry Specialisation
7 8 9 10 11 12 13 Retail sale in non-specialized stores Other retail sale of new goods in specialized stores Post and courier activities Hotels Activities of travel agencies and tour operators; tourist assistance activities n.e.c. Renting of other machinery and equipment Manufacture of instruments and appliances for measuring, checking, testing, navigating and other purposes, except industrial process control equipment Letting of own property Activities of other membership organizations Primary education Provision of services to the community as a whole 11 11 13 14 27 31 35 1.79 1.57 1.68 3.59 1.58 2.18 1.66 10 752 11 464 3 057 7 227 882 539 810

14 15 16 17

36 44 47 65

1.61 1.71 1.92 1.61

1 349 1 807 7 429 3 912

Cheshire
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18

Industry Activities auxiliary to financial intermediation, except insurance and pension funding Renting of other machinery and equipment Other computer related activities Cargo handling and storage Miscellaneous business activities n.e.c. Labour recruitment and provision of personnel Other retail sale of new goods in specialized stores Renting of automobiles Canteens and catering Real estate activities with own property Bars Sporting activities Activities of travel agencies and tour operators; tourist assistance activities n.e.c. Retail sale in non-specialized stores Architectural and engineering activities and related technical consultancy Other financial intermediation Veterinary activities Manufacture of non-refractory ceramic goods other than for construction purposes; manufacture of refractory ceramic products Collection, purification and distribution of water Other recreational activities

Rank in Europe 2 6 8 9 11 13 16 18 18 21 24 24 24 27 30 34 40 46

Specialisation 4.60 2.75 3.08 2.91 1.87 2.68 1.53 2.43 1.85 1.81 2.41 2.25 1.61 1.61 1.52 1.52 1.67 1.68

Employment 4 270 1 697 1 951 5 353 10 422 19 107 27 903 790 4 313 1 890 11 529 4 681 2 253 24 182 8 972 1 605 749 809

19 20

49 53

1.60 1.54

1 605 1 908

Greater Manchester
Industry 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 Non-scheduled air transport Database activities Retail sale not in stores Activities auxiliary to financial intermediation, except insurance and pension funding Renting of other transport equipment Renting of automobiles Activities auxiliary to insurance and pension funding Other recreational activities Renting of other machinery and equipment Canteens and catering Manufacture of made-up textile articles, except apparel Higher education Other computer related activities Scheduled air transport

Rank in Europe 3 6 8 10 10 11 11 12 15 15 20 21 23 25

Specialisation 9.69 4.54 2.47 2.09 3.09 3.36 1.99 2.43 2.55 1.98 2.32 2.43 1.92 1.60

Employment 2 091 1 889 12 142 4 896 841 2 764 7 044 7 602 3 984 11 633 3 562 27 402 3 072 3 328

97

Regional Industry Specialisation
15 16 17 18 19 20 Activities of travel agencies and tour operators; tourist assistance activities n.e.c. Other financial intermediation Manufacture of paints, varnishes and similar coatings, printing ink and mastics Other wholesale Insurance and pension funding, except compulsory social security Retail sale in non-specialized stores 25 26 27 30 32 33 1.60 1.76 2.01 1.60 1.51 1.51 5 655 4 716 2 131 4 916 11 000 57 271

Lancashire
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20

Industry Manufacture of aircraft and spacecraft Higher education Other computer related activities Manufacture of soap and detergents, cleaning and polishing preparations, perfumes and toilet preparations Human health activities Finishing of textiles Manufacture of articles of paper and paperboard Manufacture of other textiles Other recreational activities Renting of personal and household goods n.e.c. Sporting activities Bars Manufacture of made-up textile articles, except apparel Textile weaving Retail sale in non-specialized stores Manufacture of bodies (coachwork) for motor vehicles; manufacture of trailers and semi-trailers Retail sale not in stores Renting of construction or demolition equipment with operator Renting of automobiles Secondary education

Rank in Europe 3 10 15 16 17 19 19 21 21 24 25 26 30 31 32 32 34 34 34 37

Specialisation 12.00 2.75 2.19 2.44 1.60 2.16 2.16 2.75 2.12 1.73 2.23 2.35 1.78 1.66 1.52 2.04 1.64 2.30 1.75 1.87

Employment 14 806 15 914 1 802 1 957 55 932 858 3 225 2 219 3 402 842 5 993 14 598 1 405 1 252 29 543 1 309 4 131 637 736 17 691

Merseyside
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20

Industry Other recreational activities Human health activities

Rank in Europe 2 2 3 12 19 24 24 25 28 29 32 34 36 38 38 43 43 45 53 55

Specialisation 3.42 1.92 3.21 3.05 1.53 1.74 1.93 1.60 1.87 1.58 2.21 1.66 1.97 1.87 1.85 1.72 1.92 1.89 1.50 1.80

Employment 5 064 61 755 17 109 600 1 695 6 003 7 469 10 651 1 259 28 209 12 635 4 140 4 883 2 168 16 159 1 271 13 929 2 094 29 004 20 855

Higher education Database activities Activities auxiliary to financial intermediation, except insurance and pension funding Insurance and pension funding, except compulsory social security Adult and other education Miscellaneous business activities n.e.c. Manufacture of other chemical products Retail sale in non-specialized stores Bars Letting of own property Sporting activities Manufacture of glass and glass products Secondary education Renting of other machinery and equipment Provision of services to the community as a whole Library, archives, museums and other cultural activities Social work activities Primary education

E Riding and N Lincs

98

Regional Industry Specialisation
Industry 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 Manufacture of bodies (coachwork) for motor vehicles; manufacture of trailers and semi-trailers Processing and preserving of fish and fish products Renting of construction or demolition equipment with operator Retail sale in non-specialized stores Other recreational activities Manufacture of articles of paper and paperboard Cargo handling and storage Renting of other machinery and equipment Secondary education Manufacture of basic chemicals Primary education Canteens and catering Sporting activities Bars Sea and coastal water transport Activities of other transport agencies Sale of motor vehicles Provision of services to the community as a whole Labour recruitment and provision of personnel Rank in Europe 1 2 6 7 11 12 16 18 19 20 27 29 29 34 41 42 44 60 62 Specialisation 9.55 19.13 4.07 1.87 2.52 2.45 2.38 2.50 2.34 2.90 2.16 1.52 2.10 2.19 1.77 1.50 1.51 1.69 1.54 Employment 3 749 5 157 688 22 224 2 464 2 232 3 464 1 222 13 511 3 217 16 508 2 787 3 451 8 291 692 3 100 4 119 8 118 8 708

N Yorks
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20

Industry Bars Other supporting transport activities Library, archives, museums and other cultural activities Manufacture of prepared animal feeds Secondary education Sporting activities Activities auxiliary to insurance and pension funding Canteens and catering Retail sale of second-hand goods in stores Real estate activities with own property Renting of other machinery and equipment Insurance and pension funding, except compulsory social security Other financial intermediation Hotels Camping sites and other provision of short-stay accommodation Restaurants Other computer related activities Retail sale in non-specialized stores Higher education Publishing

Rank in Europe 4 4 7 10 12 12 12 13 16 16 17 20 21 21 21 22 24 28 29 30

Specialisation 3.30 3.57 2.88 3.87 2.67 2.68 1.89 2.02 2.62 2.04 2.50 1.90 1.93 2.53 2.84 1.54 1.80 1.61 2.21 1.53

Employment 11 959 5 016 2 018 881 14 747 4 209 2 006 3 545 505 1 611 1 169 4 153 1 541 9 600 1 892 11 988 864 18 206 7 448 2 490

S Yorks
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Industry Manufacture of cutlery, tools and general hardware Miscellaneous business activities n.e.c. Recycling of metal waste and scrap Human health activities Higher education Maintenance and repair of office, accounting and computing machinery Sporting activities Retail sale in non-specialized stores Other recreational activities Renting of construction or demolition equipment with operator Manufacture of basic iron and steel and of ferro-alloys

Rank in Europe 13 14 16 16 17 18 19 20 22 23 27

Specialisation 3.03 1.81 2.74 1.62 2.53 2.03 2.47 1.66 2.07 2.78 2.85

Employment 3 690 12 518 678 54 232 14 015 893 6 355 30 868 3 171 735 4 124

99

Regional Industry Specialisation
12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 Manufacture of lighting equipment and electric lamps Cargo handling and storage Forging, pressing, stamping and roll forming of metal; powder metallurgy Renting of other machinery and equipment Bars Manufacture of glass and glass products Labour recruitment and provision of personnel Primary education Secondary education 31 31 34 36 38 39 58 58 66 1.82 1.76 2.13 2.03 2.16 1.87 1.58 1.78 1.62 1 005 4 006 1 772 1 553 12 827 2 243 13 980 21 351 14 678

W Yorks
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20

Industry Cargo handling and storage Printing and service activities related to printing Monetary intermediation Other financial intermediation Renting of other transport equipment Preparation and spinning of textile fibres Higher education Other recreational activities Sporting activities Retail sale not in stores Renting of other machinery and equipment Publishing Manufacture of television and radio receivers, sound or video recording or reproducing apparatus and associated goods Textile weaving Retail sale in non-specialized stores Renting of personal and household goods n.e.c. Finishing of textiles Manufacture of made-up textile articles, except apparel Manufacture of paints, varnishes and similar coatings, printing ink and mastics Secondary education

Rank in Europe 4 7 8 11 12 14 14 17 18 18 20 20 24 25 26 26 28 28 32 32

Specialisation 3.67 1.87 1.70 2.41 2.76 4.07 2.59 2.17 2.48 1.99 2.43 1.87 1.99 1.98 1.61 1.70 1.69 1.80 1.76 1.98

Employment 14 600 11 024 30 196 5 523 643 3 066 25 036 5 801 11 155 8 357 3 244 8 746 1 663 2 487 52 296 1 377 1 121 2 364 1 592 31 251

Derbs and Notts
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 Bars

Industry Manufacture of aircraft and spacecraft

Rank in Europe 8 9 9 10 12 13 16 16 21 25 27

Specialisation 7.14 2.79 2.65 4.73 2.82 3.03 4.21 2.50 2.41 2.07 2.29

Employment 12 639 24 825 3 041 1 238 3 250 927 3 031 1 509 9 292 2 341 2 044

Renting of other machinery and equipment Manufacture of games and toys Manufacture of soap and detergents, cleaning and polishing preparations, perfumes and toilet preparations Database activities Manufacture of railway and tramway locomotives and rolling stock Renting of automobiles Sporting activities Manufacture of made-up textile articles, except apparel Manufacture of non-refractory ceramic goods other than for construction purposes; manufacture of refractory ceramic products Retail sale in non-specialized stores Manufacture of other non-metallic mineral products Data processing Primary education Other computer related activities Adult and other education Manufacture of knitted and crocheted articles Higher education

12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19

30 31 31 32 35 37 37 41

1.57 1.62 2.19 2.09 1.52 1.63 2.15 1.97

43 669 840 4 022 37 585 1 792 9 803 1 584 16 376

100

Regional Industry Specialisation
20 Manufacture of tanks, reservoirs and containers of metal; manufacture of central heating radiators and boilers 46 1.74 1 275

Leics, Rut and Northants
Industry 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 Cargo handling and storage Sporting activities Database activities Renting of other transport equipment Activities auxiliary to financial intermediation, except insurance and pension funding Printing and service activities related to printing Higher education Manufacture of knitted and crocheted articles Maintenance and repair of office, accounting and computing machinery Manufacture of articles of paper and paperboard Renting of personal and household goods n.e.c. Renting of other machinery and equipment Renting of automobiles Retail sale in non-specialized stores Labour recruitment and provision of personnel Finishing of textiles Wholesale of machinery, equipment and supplies Processing and preserving of fruit and vegetables Post and courier activities Other computer related activities

Rank in Europe 2 3 4 6 8 11 16 19 19 20 20 22 23 23 23 27 27 27 28 28

Specialisation 4.21 3.23 5.19 4.48 2.32 1.64 2.56 3.19 1.99 2.12 1.82 2.40 2.19 1.63 2.35 1.86 1.77 3.12 1.52 1.64

Employment 12 639 10 958 1 393 788 3 513 7 276 18 675 2 059 1 153 3 981 1 115 2 420 1 163 39 825 27 378 926 10 259 3 528 11 266 1 700

Lincs
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20

Industry Processing and preserving of fruit and vegetables Retail sale in non-specialized stores Wholesale of agricultural raw materials and live animals Production, processing and preserving of meat and meat products Manufacture of articles of paper and paperboard Wholesale of food, beverages and tobacco Camping sites and other provision of short-stay accommodation Manufacture of machinery for the production and use of mechanical power, except aircraft, vehicle and cycle engines Other recreational activities Manufacture of made-up textile articles, except apparel Adult and other education Bars Other wholesale Sporting activities Cargo handling and storage Renting of other machinery and equipment Secondary education Manufacture of agricultural and forestry machinery Provision of services to the community as a whole Labour recruitment and provision of personnel

Rank in Europe 1 1 4 5 8 14 15 19 20 23 25 28 29 40 41 44 44 46 57 65

Specialisation 15.43 2.18 4.98 4.27 2.61 1.60 3.59 2.56 2.14 2.11 1.90 2.31 1.64 1.77 1.55 1.71 1.81 1.72 1.70 1.52

Employment 5 757 17 589 1 936 6 053 1 614 3 782 1 701 2 718 1 428 690 3 310 5 951 1 073 1 978 1 534 567 7 133 595 5 577 5 830

Heref, Worcs and Warws
Industry 1 2 3 4 5 Renting of other transport equipment Manufacture of gas; distribution of gaseous fuels through mains Renting of other machinery and equipment Other computer related activities Industrial cleaning

Rank in Europe 3 12 13 13 13

Specialisation 5.19 3.83 2.57 2.23 1.63

Employment 649 1 866 1 841 1 644 12 928

101

Regional Industry Specialisation
6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 Cargo handling and storage Real estate activities with own property Research and experimental development on natural sciences and engineering Activities of travel agencies and tour operators; tourist assistance activities n.e.c. Manufacture of tanks, reservoirs and containers of metal; manufacture of central heating radiators and boilers Renting of automobiles Other wholesale Canteens and catering Forging, pressing, stamping and roll forming of metal; powder metallurgy Secondary education Sporting activities Letting of own property Manufacture of other textiles Miscellaneous business activities n.e.c. Activities of business, employers' and professional organizations 15 15 16 16 19 21 21 21 22 22 22 24 24 26 27 2.55 2.14 2.43 1.93 3.11 2.33 1.84 1.69 2.51 2.26 2.38 1.86 2.62 1.59 2.31 5 437 2 601 4 769 3 120 1 426 879 2 600 4 564 1 956 19 194 5 748 4 516 1 896 10 303 1 783

Shrops and Staffs
Industry 1 Manufacture of non-refractory ceramic goods other than for construction purposes; manufacture of refractory ceramic products Cargo handling and storage Bars Other financial intermediation Manufacture of office machinery and computers Renting of other machinery and equipment Sale of motor vehicle parts and accessories Sporting activities Manufacture of ceramic tiles and flags Renting of construction or demolition equipment with operator Other wholesale Manufacture of other non-metallic mineral products Forging, pressing, stamping and roll forming of metal; powder metallurgy Retail sale in non-specialized stores Secondary education Canteens and catering Renting of automobiles Other recreational activities Manufacture of domestic appliances n.e.c. Other computer related activities

Rank in Europe 4

Specialisation 12.24

Employment 8 108

2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20

5 6 6 7 7 10 15 15 18 19 20 21 21 25 26 28 28 29 34

3.61 3.08 2.82 4.00 2.75 1.93 2.60 1.71 3.04 1.94 1.98 2.53 1.66 2.18 1.53 1.99 1.92 2.26 1.54

9 140 20 335 4 110 2 666 2 336 3 685 7 453 632 893 3 239 762 2 338 34 216 21 963 4 895 891 3 269 2 134 1 349

W Midlands
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Industry Renting of other transport equipment Forging, pressing, stamping and roll forming of metal; powder metallurgy Manufacture of jewellery and related articles Wholesale of non-agricultural intermediate products, waste and scrap Other financial intermediation Manufacture of motor vehicles Higher education Primary education Canteens and catering Other recreational activities

Rank in Europe 7 10 13 14 15 18 19 20 23 24 25

Specialisation 3.76 4.09 2.27 1.61 2.02 3.11 2.49 2.41 1.68 2.03 2.41

Employment 1 060 7 174 1 724 19 180 5 609 20 049 29 102 61 075 10 253 6 570 1 766

Manufacture of tubes

102

Regional Industry Specialisation
12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 Manufacture of cutlery, tools and general hardware Labour recruitment and provision of personnel Sale of motor vehicle parts and accessories Casting of metals Renting of automobiles Manufacture of basic precious and non-ferrous metals Manufacture of gas; distribution of gaseous fuels through mains Renting of other machinery and equipment Other first processing of iron and steel 25 25 26 29 31 31 31 34 35 2.46 2.29 1.54 2.34 1.85 2.24 2.30 2.17 1.75 6 333 42 846 5 596 4 657 1 577 3 150 2 527 3 500 1 388

E Anglia
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20

Industry Sporting activities Activities auxiliary to insurance and pension funding Veterinary activities Renting of personal and household goods n.e.c. Higher education Retail sale in non-specialized stores Renting of other transport equipment Production, processing and preserving of meat and meat products Insurance and pension funding, except compulsory social security Research and experimental development on natural sciences and engineering Renting of other machinery and equipment Activities of travel agencies and tour operators; tourist assistance activities n.e.c. Activities auxiliary to financial intermediation, except insurance and pension funding Other computer related activities Manufacture of television and radio receivers, sound or video recording or reproducing apparatus and associated goods Manufacture of prepared animal feeds Processing and preserving of fruit and vegetables Camping sites and other provision of short-stay accommodation Retail sale of second-hand goods in stores Real estate activities with own property

Rank in Europe 2 6 6 7 8 10 11 14 15 15 16 17 20 22 22 23 24 29 30 30

Specialisation 3.35 2.29 2.53 2.44 2.81 1.83 2.92 2.58 2.11 2.49 2.52 1.85 1.50 1.95 2.19 2.96 3.19 2.42 1.89 1.52

Employment 14 282 6 600 2 328 1 883 25 723 56 189 646 13 954 12 475 8 672 3 199 5 288 2 863 2 531 1 733 1 832 4 536 4 379 991 3 273

Beds and Herts
1 2 3

Industry Maintenance and repair of office, accounting and computing machinery Non-scheduled air transport

Rank in Europe 2 4 8

Specialisation 3.95 8.03 1.66

Employment 2 297 1 126 34 915

4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16

Legal, accounting, book-keeping and auditing activities; tax consultancy; market research and public opinion polling; business and management consultancy; holdings Other computer related activities Research and experimental development on natural sciences and engineering Retail sale in non-specialized stores Wholesale of machinery, equipment and supplies Scheduled air transport Labour recruitment and provision of personnel Cargo handling and storage Sporting activities Telecommunications Other wholesale Miscellaneous business activities n.e.c. Canteens and catering Real estate activities with own property

9 13 14 16 16 16 17 17 17 18 19 20 20

3.05 2.74 1.74 2.07 3.22 2.60 2.36 2.49 1.80 2.02 1.66 1.69 1.85

3 176 7 620 42 768 12 105 4 341 30 376 7 121 8 486 10 382 4 017 15 217 6 467 3 177

103

Regional Industry Specialisation
17 18 19 20 Activities auxiliary to financial intermediation, except insurance and pension funding Sale of motor vehicle parts and accessories Software consultancy and supply Renting of automobiles 21 23 23 24 1.50 1.59 1.88 2.18 2 285 3 613 12 872 1 162

Essex
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20

Industry Retail sale in non-specialized stores Activities auxiliary to financial intermediation, except insurance and pension funding Non-scheduled air transport Other retail sale of new goods in specialized stores Printing and service activities related to printing Manufacture of office machinery and computers Sporting activities Renting of other machinery and equipment Manufacture of optical instruments and photographic equipment Cargo handling and storage Real estate activities with own property Other computer related activities Other wholesale Canteens and catering Veterinary activities Retail sale of second-hand goods in stores Sale of motor vehicles Primary education Renting of automobiles Activities auxiliary to insurance and pension funding

Rank in Europe 3 5 7 9 10 11 11 14 17 21 22 25 26 28 28 31 34 35 35 36

Specialisation 1.94 3.07 6.44 1.62 1.66 3.20 2.77 2.56 2.88 2.10 1.79 1.78 1.68 1.52 1.98 1.85 1.56 2.02 1.73 1.59

Employment 39 595 3 878 748 40 051 6 146 2 107 7 828 2 149 1 261 5 249 2 541 1 535 2 774 4 794 1 206 641 7 325 26 614 765 3 027

Inner London
1 2 3 4 5

Industry Publishing

Rank in Europe 1 1 1 1 1

Specialisation 4.13 6.64 14.54 4.00 3.18

Employment 48 090 37 898 72 770 30 287 220 269

Other financial intermediation Activities auxiliary to financial intermediation, except insurance and pension funding Activities auxiliary to insurance and pension funding Legal, accounting, book-keeping and auditing activities; tax consultancy; market research and public opinion polling; business and management consultancy; holdings Radio and television activities News agency activities Miscellaneous business activities n.e.c. Monetary intermediation Activities of business, employers' and professional organizations Motion picture and video activities Other computer related activities Advertising Other entertainment activities Real estate activities with own property Canteens and catering Database activities Reproduction of recorded media Other supporting transport activities Retail sale of second-hand goods in stores

6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20

1 1 3 4 4 4 5 5 5 6 10 10 12 13 14

5.67 8.08 2.32 2.33 3.37 4.35 3.65 2.51 2.68 2.84 2.18 3.33 3.22 2.87 2.69

31 231 7 672 69 756 102 981 12 103 15 114 12 487 24 348 25 265 16 025 27 347 2 959 1 313 28 757 3 694

Outer London
1 2

Industry Scheduled air transport

Rank in Europe 1 2

Specialisation 13.31 3.01

Employment 40 392 25 786

Canteens and catering

104

Regional Industry Specialisation
3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 Industrial cleaning Reproduction of recorded media Other computer related activities Non-scheduled air transport Renting of other transport equipment Labour recruitment and provision of personnel Motion picture and video activities Maintenance and repair of office, accounting and computing machinery Renting of automobiles Renting of other machinery and equipment Activities of travel agencies and tour operators; tourist assistance activities n.e.c. Wholesale of household goods Miscellaneous business activities n.e.c. Other wholesale Radio and television activities Other supporting transport activities Sporting activities Real estate activities with own property 8 10 10 12 15 15 16 17 19 19 19 20 20 22 22 22 23 24 1.73 3.34 2.89 3.95 2.55 2.64 1.74 2.07 2.43 2.50 1.72 1.64 1.65 1.76 2.00 2.01 2.35 1.74 43 528 930 6 764 1 244 1 014 69 388 4 136 2 713 2 909 5 691 8 864 29 865 33 983 7 884 7 515 13 753 18 013 6 713

Berks, Bucks and Oxon
Industry 1 2 3 4 Canteens and catering Software consultancy and supply Other computer related activities Legal, accounting, book-keeping and auditing activities; tax consultancy; market research and public opinion polling; business and management consultancy; holdings Wholesale of machinery, equipment and supplies Telecommunications Research and experimental development on natural sciences and engineering Maintenance and repair of office, accounting and computing machinery Higher education Sporting activities Database activities Miscellaneous business activities n.e.c. Renting of other machinery and equipment Advertising Renting of automobiles Reproduction of recorded media Other wholesale Motion picture and video activities Renting of other transport equipment Wholesale of household goods

Rank in Europe 1 2 2 3

Specialisation 3.57 4.22 5.26 2.00

Employment 19 812 41 955 7 960 61 386

5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20

4 4 5 6 6 6 7 7 11 12 12 16 16 19 20 21

3.05 2.63 3.21 3.04 3.06 3.05 4.44 2.13 2.59 1.90 3.33 2.85 2.09 1.55 2.28 1.63

25 905 22 036 12 993 2 575 32 679 15 149 1 745 28 412 3 822 8 139 2 589 514 6 049 2 378 586 19 209

Surrey, E and W Sussex
Industry 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 Non-scheduled air transport Other computer related activities Other financial intermediation Activities auxiliary to insurance and pension funding Sporting activities Canteens and catering Scheduled air transport Activities of travel agencies and tour operators; tourist assistance activities n.e.c. Activities auxiliary to financial intermediation, except insurance and pension funding

Rank in Europe 1 1 3 5 5 7 7 8 12

Specialisation 14.52 5.37 3.90 2.31 3.12 2.35 5.81 2.71 1.98

Employment 3 058 8 386 10 190 8 003 15 972 13 451 11 784 9 309 4 531

105

Regional Industry Specialisation
10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 Miscellaneous business activities n.e.c. Software consultancy and supply Insurance and pension funding, except compulsory social security Database activities Real estate activities with own property Retail sale of second-hand goods in stores Veterinary activities Other wholesale Real estate activities on a fee or contract basis Maintenance and repair of office, accounting and computing machinery Labour recruitment and provision of personnel 12 13 16 17 18 18 22 25 25 28 33 1.86 2.35 2.04 2.82 1.96 2.31 2.05 1.71 1.69 1.65 2.05 25 554 24 173 14 507 1 144 5 053 1 452 2 269 5 132 13 304 1 441 36 140

Hants and Isle of Wight
Industry 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 Technical testing and analysis Sporting activities Other computer related activities Manufacture of optical instruments and photographic equipment Labour recruitment and provision of personnel Software consultancy and supply Manufacture of aircraft and spacecraft Canteens and catering Retail sale in non-specialized stores Wholesale of machinery, equipment and supplies Other financial intermediation Higher education Building and repairing of ships and boats Research and experimental development on natural sciences and engineering Sea and coastal water transport Manufacture of instruments and appliances for measuring, checking, testing, navigating and other purposes, except industrial process control equipment Manufacture of office machinery and computers Renting of automobiles Retail sale of second-hand goods in stores Other recreational activities

Rank in Europe 8 8 11 12 12 14 15 16 18 19 19 24 26 26 27 29

Specialisation 2.46 2.85 2.79 3.62 2.80 2.35 3.46 1.89 1.68 1.89 1.94 2.32 2.41 1.95 3.35 1.80

Employment 3 893 10 783 3 220 2 125 36 399 17 833 6 002 8 009 45 760 12 257 3 746 18 914 3 788 6 011 3 012 3 992

17 18 19 20

30 32 34 36

1.72 1.76 1.82 1.77

1 519 1 044 846 3 981

Kent
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16

Industry Activities auxiliary to insurance and pension funding Canteens and catering Renting of other machinery and equipment Retail sale in non-specialized stores Sporting activities Activities auxiliary to financial intermediation, except insurance and pension funding Other computer related activities Activities of travel agencies and tour operators; tourist assistance activities n.e.c. Miscellaneous business activities n.e.c. Retail sale of second-hand goods in stores Sea and coastal water transport Adult and other education Research and experimental development on natural sciences and engineering Veterinary activities Library, archives, museums and other cultural activities Bars

Rank in Europe 2 4 4 4 10 11 16 21 24 29 30 32 35 35 37 39

Specialisation 2.49 2.58 3.18 1.91 2.77 1.99 2.13 1.68 1.60 1.90 2.90 1.77 1.69 1.79 2.08 2.07

Employment 4 981 8 547 2 805 40 870 8 226 2 629 1 927 3 352 12 758 690 2 042 8 189 4 079 1 146 2 750 14 148

106

Regional Industry Specialisation
17 18 Primary education Manufacture of instruments and appliances for measuring, checking, testing, navigating and other purposes, except industrial process control equipment Higher education Labour recruitment and provision of personnel 40 42 1.99 1.55 27 440 2 684

19 20

46 52

1.81 1.70

11 553 17 340

Gloucs, Wilts and N Som
Industry 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 Canteens and catering Other computer related activities Activities auxiliary to insurance and pension funding Activities auxiliary to financial intermediation, except insurance and pension funding Manufacture of aircraft and spacecraft Insurance and pension funding, except compulsory social security Renting of automobiles Retail sale in non-specialized stores Retail sale of second-hand goods in stores Renting of other machinery and equipment Provision of services to the community as a whole Miscellaneous business activities n.e.c. Higher education Sporting activities Database activities Veterinary activities Research and experimental development on natural sciences and engineering Bars Manufacture of instruments and appliances for measuring, checking, testing, navigating and other purposes, except industrial process control equipment Primary education

Rank in Europe 3 7 8 9 10 10 13 19 22 25 27 27 28 30 31 33 34 36 38

Specialisation 2.71 3.22 2.06 2.19 4.96 2.43 3.14 1.66 2.20 2.37 2.31 1.55 2.21 2.05 1.62 1.90 1.70 2.18 1.63

Employment 14 320 4 643 6 571 4 621 10 740 15 934 2 326 56 761 1 276 3 335 31 879 19 659 22 456 9 696 605 1 941 6 539 23 741 4 518

20

39

1.99

43 821

Dorset and Somerset
Industry 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 Retail sale in non-specialized stores Manufacture of aircraft and spacecraft Veterinary activities Other computer related activities Activities auxiliary to insurance and pension funding Real estate activities with own property Maintenance and repair of office, accounting and computing machinery Retail sale of second-hand goods in stores Camping sites and other provision of short-stay accommodation Renting of other machinery and equipment Secondary education Canteens and catering Building and repairing of ships and boats Bars Library, archives, museums and other cultural activities Sporting activities Hotels Manufacture of dairy products Adult and other education Sale of motor vehicles

Rank in Europe 6 9 11 12 13 14 15 20 23 26 26 30 31 31 31 31 32 34 35 37

Specialisation 1.88 6.62 2.36 2.65 1.89 2.17 2.12 2.22 2.80 2.34 2.18 1.51 2.12 2.21 2.16 2.04 1.51 2.01 1.65 1.55

Employment 30 975 6 933 1 165 1 845 2 911 2 495 825 623 2 710 1 592 17 519 3 867 2 006 11 646 2 209 4 672 8 366 2 246 5 889 5 899

Cornwall and Isles of Scilly
Industry

Rank in Europe

Specialisation

Employment

107

Regional Industry Specialisation
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 Quarrying of sand and clay Adult and other education Library, archives, museums and other cultural activities Camping sites and other provision of short-stay accommodation Retail sale in non-specialized stores Production, processing and preserving of meat and meat products Bars Other recreational activities Hotels Building and repairing of ships and boats Renting of other machinery and equipment Human health activities Sporting activities Real estate activities with own property Higher education Activities of business, employers' and professional organizations Primary education Secondary education 1 1 1 5 8 11 15 16 17 23 24 26 26 27 30 36 52 52 9.31 3.34 4.68 5.96 1.85 2.91 2.60 2.20 2.91 2.60 2.37 1.52 2.22 1.62 2.19 2.08 1.83 1.73 1 224 4 461 1 790 2 168 11 431 3 161 5 137 1 125 6 038 923 605 16 883 1 901 699 4 043 571 7 293 5 220

Devon
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20

Industry Building and repairing of ships and boats Bars Veterinary activities Sporting activities Camping sites and other provision of short-stay accommodation Renting of personal and household goods n.e.c. Human health activities Other computer related activities Higher education Hotels Telecommunications Retail sale in non-specialized stores Real estate activities with own property Renting of other machinery and equipment Other recreational activities Renting of automobiles Quarrying of sand and clay Letting of own property Library, archives, museums and other cultural activities Primary education

Rank in Europe 5 8 15 16 18 18 18 20 20 22 22 24 29 32 33 36 41 44 48 50

Specialisation 8.64 2.90 2.24 2.51 3.32 1.94 1.60 2.02 2.49 2.17 1.60 1.63 1.55 2.17 1.82 1.72 2.05 1.51 1.84 1.85

Employment 7 214 13 455 975 5 061 2 836 707 41 736 1 241 10 776 10 566 5 440 23 636 1 571 1 301 2 189 542 635 3 071 1 655 17 340

W Wales and The Valleys
Industry 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 Renting of construction or demolition equipment with operator Retail sale in non-specialized stores Human health activities Manufacture of jewellery and related articles Other recreational activities Manufacture of television and radio receivers, sound or video recording or reproducing apparatus and associated goods Secondary education Sewage and refuse disposal, sanitation and similar activities Primary education Manufacture of basic precious and non-ferrous metals Bars Camping sites and other provision of short-stay accommodation Renting of other machinery and equipment Sporting activities

Rank in Europe 5 5 10 15 15 17 17 19 21 22 23 25 27 27

Specialisation 4.19 1.90 1.68 2.24 2.21 3.42 2.35 1.79 2.41 2.80 2.41 2.62 2.32 2.18

Employment 1 325 42 314 66 938 962 4 054 1 958 25 471 6 287 34 554 2 228 17 082 3 419 2 124 6 725

108

Regional Industry Specialisation
15 16 17 18 19 20 Adult and other education Higher education Manufacture of domestic appliances n.e.c. Manufacture of parts and accessories for motor vehicles and their engines Manufacture of electricity distribution and control apparatus Library, archives, museums and other cultural activities 34 37 38 38 39 39 1.66 2.05 1.86 2.05 1.65 2.04 7 978 13 596 1 890 7 517 2 044 2 802

E Wales
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20

Industry Manufacture of aircraft and spacecraft Other financial intermediation Miscellaneous business activities n.e.c. Renting of construction or demolition equipment with operator Retail sale in non-specialized stores Activities auxiliary to insurance and pension funding Other recreational activities Sporting activities Human health activities Activities of other membership organizations Radio and television activities Manufacture of made-up textile articles, except apparel Renting of other machinery and equipment Higher education Secondary education Bars Library, archives, museums and other cultural activities Manufacture of articles of paper and paperboard Labour recruitment and provision of personnel Primary education

Rank in Europe 5 7 10 13 15 16 19 20 21 25 27 31 33 38 39 41 44 49 51 81

Specialisation 8.20 2.73 1.87 3.44 1.74 1.86 2.15 2.45 1.57 2.15 1.85 1.76 2.17 2.05 1.85 2.04 1.90 1.55 1.73 1.54

Employment 8 557 3 164 11 438 806 28 560 2 859 2 920 5 577 46 250 6 198 2 067 1 176 1 470 10 038 14 815 10 731 1 932 1 954 13 546 16 370

E Scotland
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14

Industry Library, archives, museums and other cultural activities Activities auxiliary to financial intermediation, except insurance and pension funding Monetary intermediation Radio and television activities Insurance and pension funding, except compulsory social security Human health activities Manufacture of office machinery and computers Higher education Sporting activities Canteens and catering Renting of other machinery and equipment Manufacture of optical instruments and photographic equipment Manufacture of knitted and crocheted articles Manufacture of instruments and appliances for measuring, checking, testing, navigating and other purposes, except industrial process control equipment Hotels Retail sale in non-specialized stores Other recreational activities Other financial intermediation Processing and preserving of fish and fish products Other computer related activities

Rank in Europe 3 4 5 6 7 7 8 9 9 12 12 23 25 25

Specialisation 3.29 3.18 2.06 3.17 2.80 1.69 3.93 2.78 2.84 2.06 2.58 2.13 2.70 2.02

Employment 5 977 5 791 33 183 6 351 15 824 89 262 3 723 24 328 11 558 9 410 3 118 1 342 2 098 4 830

15 16 17 18 19 20

26 31 31 32 33 33

1.93 1.54 1.85 1.59 1.89 1.55

19 053 45 282 4 482 3 299 1 264 1 930

SW Scotland

Industry

Rank in Europe

Specialisation

Employment

109

Regional Industry Specialisation
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 Human health activities Canteens and catering Other financial intermediation Activities auxiliary to insurance and pension funding Renting of other machinery and equipment Other recreational activities Industrial cleaning Sporting activities Manufacture of office machinery and computers Manufacture of aircraft and spacecraft Processing and preserving of fish and fish products Manufacture of beverages Building and repairing of ships and boats Other supporting transport activities Higher education Letting of own property Renting of construction or demolition equipment with operator Provision of services to the community as a whole Labour recruitment and provision of personnel Bars 5 6 8 9 10 10 10 13 15 22 23 27 39 39 39 40 52 54 64 66 1.74 2.45 2.53 2.03 2.65 2.53 1.71 2.67 2.50 2.42 2.58 2.14 1.77 1.55 2.01 1.58 1.77 1.72 1.53 1.73 104 812 12 769 5 992 6 369 3 664 7 007 26 103 12 415 2 706 5 151 1 967 6 194 3 407 6 437 20 151 7 398 846 23 354 24 464 18 590

NE Scotland
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19

Industry Extraction of crude petroleum and natural gas Service activities incidental to oil and gas extraction, excluding surveying Processing and preserving of fish and fish products Renting of other machinery and equipment Architectural and engineering activities and related technical consultancy

Rank in Europe 1 1 1 1 1 1 11 11 14 18 27 29 35 42 43 47 55 73 81

Specialisation 73.34 130.21 20.37 5.58 3.90 3.75 2.08 1.67 2.48 4.53 1.84 1.89 1.98 1.75 1.55 1.80 1.67 1.62 1.50

Employment 8 552 11 792 4 160 2 065 13 765 1 954 2 905 26 997 2 763 1 041 5 535 1 402 2 467 2 770 1 833 4 816 928 9 413 4 316

Technical testing and analysis Canteens and catering Human health activities Other supporting transport activities Fishing, fish farming and related service activities Hotels Other recreational activities Sporting activities Activities of other membership organizations Manufacture of machinery for the production and use of mechanical power, except aircraft, vehicle and cycle engines Higher education Library, archives, museums and other cultural activities Primary education Bars

Highlands and Islands
Industry 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 Sporting activities Renting of other machinery and equipment Human health activities Processing and preserving of fish and fish products Fishing, fish farming and related service activities Camping sites and other provision of short-stay accommodation Hotels Manufacture of beverages Sea and coastal water transport Library, archives, museums and other cultural activities Other supporting transport activities Primary education

Rank in Europe 1 3 3 4 5 8 9 22 24 25 25 28

Specialisation 3.38 3.26 1.89 17.21 17.70 4.12 5.08 2.23 3.71 2.25 1.95 2.15

Employment 2 610 746 18 928 2 176 2 518 1 347 9 474 1 073 678 776 1 346 7 712

110

Regional Industry Specialisation
13 14 15 16 Secondary education Forestry, logging and related service activities Retail sale of automotive fuel Provision of services to the community as a whole 29 33 34 47 2.08 3.06 1.68 1.88 5 642 898 803 4 237

Northern Ireland
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20

Industry Human health activities

Rank in Europe 6 11 12 12 17 18 19 20 22 25 26 28 30 33 34 34 41 43 47 47

Specialisation 1.70 2.21 3.03 3.59 1.69 2.34 2.13 2.98 2.16 2.19 2.04 2.11 2.00 2.09 2.63 2.12 1.76 1.66 1.66 1.62

Employment 72 262 4 490 2 311 5 385 40 016 26 975 1 505 1 003 8 971 3 902 870 6 910 3 034 14 715 1 194 20 301 7 311 42 243 1 302 3 172

Retail sale of automotive fuel Manufacture of office machinery and computers Manufacture of aircraft and spacecraft Retail sale in non-specialized stores Secondary education Veterinary activities Renting of construction or demolition equipment with operator Production, processing and preserving of meat and meat products Manufacture of articles of concrete, plaster and cement Recycling of non-metal waste and scrap Sporting activities Manufacture of electric motors, generators and transformers Higher education Quarrying of stone Provision of services to the community as a whole Activities of other membership organizations Social work activities Manufacture of bodies (coachwork) for motor vehicles; manufacture of trailers and semi-trailers Other recreational activities

111

About the European Cluster Observatory
The European Cluster Observatory, launched in June 2007, is the most comprehensive database on clusters, cluster organisations, and cluster reports in Europe. It is managed by the Center for Strategy and Competitiveness (CSC) at the Stockholm School of Economics and funded by the European Commission's Directorate General for Enterprise and Industry. The European Cluster Observatory website provides a wide variety of data on clusters in Europe, and is focused on the following issues: Cluster Mapping providing information more than 40 cluster categories in over 250 NUTS-2 regions Regional competitiveness data, describing cluster framework conditions in regions Information, maps and lists of cluster organisations, science parks and other types of organisations Providing a Library as an open European depository for various cluster-related documents Providing reports on cluster policies and special sectors

Please visit the European Cluster Observatory at www.clusterobservatory.eu.

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