You are on page 1of 13

MID YEAR EXAMINATION 2010 FORM FOUR BIOLOGY Paper 1 Time : 1 hour 15 minute

Instruction: For Question 1 to 50, each question is followed by four options A,B,C and D. Choose one correct answer for each question and blacken the corresponding space in your objective answer sheet. Section A 1. Which of the following is not field in Biology? A. Cytology B. Neurology C. Virology D. Psychology 2. Which of the following occupations has no direct relation with Biology? A. A pharmacist B. A counselor of a food processing factory C. A structural developer D. A technologically inclined farmer 3. Studying Biology is important because I. It enables us to better understand ourselves II. It enhances our communication skills III. It creates awareness on the importance of the balance of nature IV. We can find the cure to certain diseases A. I, II and III only B. II, III and IV only C. I, III and IV only D. II and I only 4. When making observations, one should I. Be objective II. Think rationally III. Be systematic IV. Observe carefully A. I and II only B. II and III only C. II,III and IV only D. I,II,III and IV 5. A student would like to investigate the rate of evaporation of water in relation to the presence of wind. Which of the following variables should not be fixed? A. Size of the container B. Air flow in the surrounding C. The amount of water in the container D. The temperature of the surrounding

6. The following attitudes are required to conduct scientific investigation except A. Being honest and accurate B. Being reckless and untidy C. Having an open mind D. Having interest 7. The following information is the description for a biology field. The study about the application of biological processes to produce materials of use in medicine and industry.

Which of the following field is related to the description? A. Embryology C. Biotechnology B. Anatomy D. Ecology 8. Which of these statements are true about data collected from experiments? I. To be analysed II. To be interpreted III. To make a hypothesis IV. To determine variables A. I and II only B. I and III only C. II and IV only D. III and IV only A. B. C. D. 9. What is the purpose of forming hypothesis in Biology? To determine the final conclusion of the result obtained To suggest probabilities for a problematic observation To establish a conclusion to the problem faced To help identify a general problem 10. Which of the following topics is not involved in the study of Biology? A. Classification of elements B. Human reproduction C. Growth of organisms D. Animal behaviour 11. Figure 1 shows a typical plant cell.

Figure 1 Which structures labeled P,Q,R and S are found in a plant cell but not in an animal cell? 2

A. B. C. D.

P and Q only P and S only Q and S only P,Q and R only

12. The organelle responsible for the packaging of cellular secretions for export from the cell is called the A. Golgi apparatus B. Ribosome C. Mitochondrion D. Endoplasmic reticulum 13. Figure 2 shows a cross section of a plant cell.

Figure 2 Which labelled structure, A,B,C or D , is responsible for generating energy for the cell? I. II. III. IV. A. B. C. D. I. II. III. IV. 14. What are the characteristics of a human cheek cell? It does not have a cell wall It does not have a fixed shape It contains glycogen granules It does not have a large central vacuole I,II and III only I,III and IV only II,III and IV only I,II,III and IV 15. Cells that have a high density of mitochondria are the Ova Sperm cells Flight muscles of a bird Meristematic cells A. B. C. D. I and II only II and III only III and IV only II,III and IV only

16. Which substance acts as a medium for chemical reactions in the cell? A. Water C. Glycerol B. Protein D. Amino acid 3


The cells in a tissue grow, change shape and adapt to allow the cells to run certain fuctions efficiently. The above statement describes .. A. Adaptation B. Specialisation C. Transformation D. Organ formation


Figure 3 shows two types of cells, P and R, and one type of tissue, Q found in the human body.

Figure 3 Which of the following systems have cells P, R and tissue Q? A B C D Cell P Nervous system Blood circulatory system Respiratory system Blood circulatory system Tissue Q Respiratory system Respiratory system Nervous system Support system Cell R Support system Nervous system Excretory system Nervous system

19. Figure 4 shows the human epithelial tissue.

A. B. C. D.

Figure 4 This epithelial cell is most likely to be found in the Trachea Kidney Skin Small intestine

20. Which of the following tissue is strengthened by lignin? A. Collenchyma C. Sclerenchyma B. Parenchyma D. Epidermis 4

A. B.

21. Which of the following tissues produces secretions in the body? Epithelial tissue C. Nerve tissue Muscle tissue D. Connective tissue 22. The main organs found in the skeletal system are the I. Bones II. Muscles III. Cartilage IV. Ligaments A. I and Ii only B. I,II and III only C. I,III and IV only D. II,III and Iv only Questions 23 and 24 are based on Figure 5 below.

Figure 5 23. What is the function of P? A. As a vesicle to store food B. As a site for cellular respiration C. As a site for protein synthesis D. As a centre to store genetic materials 24. What is the function of Q? A. Facilitates movement of synthesized materials within the cell B. As a control centre for cellular activities C. As a site for protein synthesis D. As a collection and distribution centre of synthesised cell materials in the form of granular secretions 25. I. II. III. IV. The drop in body temperature can result in death if uncontrolled. Its corrective mechanisms are Blood flows away from skin surface Sweat glands reduce secretion Metabolic rate slows down The hair on the skin erects A. I,II and III only B. I,II and IV only C. I,III and IV only D. II,III and IV only

26. Which of the following statement is true about diffusion? A. Diffusion is the random movement of molecules which requires metabolic energy B. Osmosis is an example of simple diffusion C. Simple diffusion can only occurs through semi permeable membrane D. Diffusion involves the movement of ions against the concentration gradient 27. Which molecule requires the help of carrier protein to be transported across the plasma membrane? A. Glycerol B. Water C. Fatty acids D. Glucose 28. Which of the following processes occurs through osmosis? A. Uptake of oxygen by Amoeba sp. B. Transport of water in the cortex of plant stems C. Accumulation of iodine by aquatic algae D. Absorption of digested food in the intestine 29. Figure 6 shows two types of sucrose solutions with different concentrations separated by a semi-permeable membrane.

Figure 6 Which of the following does not occur after equilibrium is achieved? A. The rate of movement of the water molecules into X and Y is the same B. The level of solution in X is higher then the level of solution in Y. C. The osmotic concentration of the sucrose solution in X and Y are the same. D. The solute molecules move from X to Y. 30. A student soaked a duck egg in a saturated salt solution. After a few days, he found out that the egg tasted salty. Which of the following statements explain this phenomenon? Saturated salt solution is hypertonic to the egg The egg shell and membrane are permeable to salt Water moves out the egg by osmosis Salt particles diffuse into the egg A. B. I and IV only II and III only C. I,II and IV only D. I,II,III and IV


31. Figure 7 shows movement of substances X and Y across plasma membrane.

Figure 7 What are the possible substances X and Y? I II III IV A. B. C. D. X sodium ions amino acid amino acid potassium ions I and II only III and IV only I,II and IV only II,III and IV only Y glucose glucose vitamin A oxygen

32. Figure 8 shows the condition of a mustard green (sawi) stem before being immersed in 30% sucrose solution for 30 minutes.

Figure 8 Which of the following shows the condition of the stem after 30 minutes?

33. Which of the following shows the shape of a plant cell after putting it into a hypotonic solution for 1 hour?

34. Figure 9 shows erythrocytes (red blood cell) and a plant cell put into three solutions with different concentrations.

Figure 9 Which of the following shows osmotic concentration of solutions Q,R and S respectively? A B C D Solution Q Hypertonic Isotonic Hypertonic Isotonic Solution R Hypotonic Hypotonic Hypertonic Hypertonic Solution S Isotonic Hypertonic Isotonic Hypotonic

35. Figure 10 shows two visking tubings, X and Y, which are soaked in 5% sucrose solution.

Figure 10 8

Visking tubing X is filled with distilled water and visking tubing Y is filled with 40% sucrose solution. What will be the condition of both tubing after half an hour? A B C D Tubing X firm firm soft soft Tubing Y firm soft firm soft

36. What is the importance of nucleic acids? A. Build cells for growth B. Main source of energy in cells C. Required for the synthesis of antibodies D. Carry genetic material 37. Which of the following is not a function of water? A. Provides a moist surface for the diffusion of gases B. Facilitates the movement of joints C. An insulator of heat in the body D. Facilitates the hydrolysis of food by enzymes I. II. III. IV. 38. Proteins that provide all the essential amino acids are Plant proteins Animal proteins First class proteins Second class proteins A. I and III only B. I and IV only C. II and III only D. II and IV only 39. Which substrate and enzyme are incorrectly matched? A B C D Substrate starch lactose lipid peptide Enzyme salivary amylase lactase lipase amylase

40. Which of the following statement most accurately explains the changes that occur in an enzyme molecule when subjected to high temperature? A. The charges at the active site are changed B. The chemical bonds in the enzyme molecules break down C. The molecular structure of the active site changes D. The active site becomes inactive

41. Which of the following graphs shows the relationship between temperature and enzyme reactivity?

42. The following information describes a brand of a detergent. Detergent brand Z Efficient in removing blood stains Works best at temperature 40C

Which of the following enzymes is possibly contained in the detergent? A. Lactase C. Rennin B. Amylase D. Protease 43. In the human body, active cell division does not occur in the A. Bone marrow C. testis B. Brain D. epidermis Questions 44-45 are based on figure 11.

Figure 11 10

44. Figure 11 shows a cell undergoing mitosis. Which stage of mitosis is shown in figure 11? A. Prophase C. Telophase B. Metaphase D. Anaphase 45. The parts labelled X and Y represent A B C D X chromosome chromatid chromatin chromosome Y centromere centromere centrioles centrioles

46. Figure 12 shows one of the stages in mitosis.

Figure 12 Before anaphase metaphase prophase metaphase After telophase anaphase metaphase telophase The processes that occur before and after this stage are


47. Figure 13 shows the cell cycle of a cell, beginning from P.

Figure 13 The synthesis of DNA occurs during A. P C. S B. R D. Q


48. Figure 14 shows the stages of mitosis.

Figure 14 Which of the following shows the correct sequence of the events? A. S,Q,P,R C. Q,P,S,R B. R,Q,P,S D. P,Q,R,S I. II. III. IV. 49. Which of the following phenomena of life occur through mitosis? Growth of zygote into an embryo Replacement of damaged cells Cloning Asexual reproduction in plants A. I and III only B. I,II and III only C. I,III and IV only D. I,II,III and IV 50. A somatic cell has 8 chromosomes. What is the product after the cell undergoes complete mitosis? A. 4 daughter cells with each having 4 chromosomes B. 2 daughter cells with each having 4 chromosomes C. 2 daughter cells with each having 8 chromosomes D. 1 daughter cell which has 8 chromosomes 12

**************************END OF QUESTION PAPER************************