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vlrsdkK;eSifh bmomywfoufjcif;r7Sd// //

vlrsdk;wrsdk; (0g) vlyk8f*dkvfwOD;.f wdkif;7if;om; (0g) edkifiHom;jzpfrSKonf/ xdkyk8f8dkvf


u rnfonfh bmomudk udk;uG,fonf /(0g) rnfonfhbmomrSs rudk;uG,f qdk
onfeSifhroufqdkifyg// tajccHOya't7 edKifiHom;wdkif;onfvGyfvyfpGm ,Hkjunf
udk;uG,fedkifygonf/ bmomw7yfudk udk;uG,fjuaomtkyfpkwpkonf vlrdsk;wrsdk; r
[kwfyg// udk;uG,foam bmomeSifh yg0ifaomvlrsdk;pkonfjcm; em; yg onf//
(1980-ck Zlvdkifv (3)7ufae/hedkifiHom;Oya' aumfrD8SifOuUX a'gufwm
armifarmif .7efukefowif;pm7Sif;vif;yGJ//)

vGwfvyfa7;vSkyf7Sm;rSkumvrS ordkif; rSwf wrf;wcsdkh


1// zqyv tzGJhjuD;wnfaqmufpOf aeol7defnDvmcHacwfu tzJGhcskKyftwGif;7dS
vkxk vlwef; pm;tzGJhtpnf;rsm;wGif ArmrGwf(p)vifuGef87uf (Aru) onf
wufwuf juGjuG aqmif7Gufaom edkifiHa7;tzGJhtpnf; wckjzpfcJhonf// vGwfvyf
a7; wdkufyGJ0if pOf u (Aru) tzGJhonf/ tjcm;tzGJhtpnf;rsm;xuf yif ydkrdk wuf
juG pGmvSkyf7Sm; cJhonf//
(aju;rHkOD;aomif;a7;/ Adkvfae0if;Zmwfvr;f7SkyforSs/pmtkyf/pmrsufeSm-141)
2// 1947-ck zqyv tzGJhcskyfy%mrnDvmcHwGif/ Adkvfcskyf atmifqef; u
uGsefawmf wdkh wdkif;jynfrSm tavmif;bk7m; vufxuf uwnf;u/ rGwf(p)viff
awG7Sd w,f/ b7if8sD (c7mpf,ef)awG7Sdw,f/ ewfudk;uG,fwJh awmifwef;om;
awG7Sd w,f// olwdkh waxG[mtm;vHk;edkifiHom; awGbJ// wdkif;jynf udkuGsefwGif;
uvGwf atmif wdkuf xkwfjuwkH;u uGsefawmfwdkh csnf;bJ r[kwf bl;// olw dkh
waxG vJ yg0if cJhju w,ff//
(aju;rHkOD;aomif;a7;/ Adkvfae0if;Zmwfvr;f7SkyforSs/pmtkyf/pmrsufeSm-139)
3// 1947 ckeSpf arvu/ zGJhpnf;tkyfcskyfyHk tajccHOya'a7;qGJ7eftvdkhiSm zqyv
tzGJhcskyf. y%mrnDvm cHusif;y7ef pDpOfonfhf umvu/ Ak'< bmom 7[ef;
awmfwcsdkh eSifh edkifiHa7; acgif;aqmifwcsdKkh u Ak'< bmomudk edkifiHawmfbmom jzpf
ap7ef a7;om;a[majymvSakHh qmfcJhjuonf// xdktcg zqyvtzGJhcskKyf acgif;aqmif
OuUX OD;atmifqef; u orw [mAk'<bmom0ifjzpf7r,f qdkvSsifrSm; w,f/

'Dvdk vkyfju7if edkifiHawmf[m uHqdk;rdk;arSmifus 'gbJ[kjyif;xef jywfom; pGm


ajymqdk qefhusif cJhonf//
Adkvfcskyfatmifqef;u onfvdk r[kwfr[wf'gawG avSsmufvkyfaeju,if/
usaemf wdkhwdkif;jynf[m rjumrDjydkuGJysufpD;jyD; usGefoabmufjzpfoGm; edkifygw,f
[k ajym qdkcJhonf//
(aju;rHkOD;aomif;a7;/Adv
k fae0if;Zmwfvrf;7SkyforSspmtkyf/pmrsufrSm-138)
4// Adkvfcskyfatmifqef;utck uGsefwGif;uvGwfr,frjuHao;bl;/ olwdkh(vlenf;pk
rsm;) tay:tedkifusifhjyD;/ igwdkhvlrsm;pk7Jh bm omudkOD;pm;ay;vSsif usaemf wdkh [m
acG; avmufawmiftoHk; rusjzpfoGm;rSmaygh// wdkif;jynfudk wdkif;jyn fta7; vdkh
wGuf juyg// wdkif;jynfwckvHk; nDnGwfzdhkvdkw,f//
(aju;rHkOd;aomif;a7;/Adv
k fae0if;Zmwfvrf;7SkyforSspmtkyf//pmrsufeSm-138/ 139)//
5// 0efjuD;cskyf OD;eku ArmrGwf(p)vifuGef87uf(Aru ) tzGhJ0ifawG[m ArmawGyg/
olwdkh7Jhudk;uG,fw Jhbmom om tdpPvmrfjzpfwm//
(aju;rHk Od;aomif;a7;/Adv
k fae0if;Zmwfvrf;7SkyforSs//pmrsufeSm-142//)
6// 1946-cktv,fypP,H zqyv Oya'jyknDvmcHwGif/acgif;aqmifjuD; 'D;'kwf
OD;bcsdku/ jrefrmrGwfpvifrsm;on fe,fcsJhqefhusifa7;/ zufqpfawmfvSefa7;eSifh
vGwfvyfa7;judk;yrf;rSk umvrsm;wGif/ oufpGefhjudk;yrf;cJhjuolrsm;jzpfonf// xdkh
ajumifh jrefrm rGwfpvifwt
dkh m; Zmwdqkid f7mvlrsdK;pkjrefrm rGwfpvif tjzpf
todt rSwfjyk7ef tqdkt rSwf(6)udkwifoGif;cJh7m/nDvmcHrS wcJeuf axmuf
cHcJhjuonf//
xdkpOfu AdkvfcsKyfatmifqef;tygt0if Armacgif;aqmifrsm;udk rGwfpvifwdkhu
rsm;pGm,HkjunfcJhjuonf//xdkhajumifhyifvsSif/ ArmedkifiHvHk;qdkif7m ArmrGwfpvifuGef
87uf (Aru) acgif;aqmif wcsdkhu / wdkif;7if; om; rGwfpvif rsm; onf/Armvlrsdk;
rsm; eSifhwom;wnf; 7dSonf [k qdkum/ ig wdkhonf vlrsdk; tm;jzif hArm/ udk;
uG,f aom bmomrSm tpPvmrfjzpf onf [kqdk cJhojzifh/ acgif;aqmifjuD;
'D;'kwf OD;bcsdkK . tqdkudk 7kyfodrf;cJh 7yg onf// xdkpOfu vlrsdk;a7;/bmoma7;
t7 cGJjcm; rkef;wD; rSk tajct aerSm ,aeh um vuJhodkh r7dScJhay//
(A[dktvkyftrSkaqmiftzJGh/ yoDuGef87uf/ 12/ 6/ 1961)//

7// jrefrmhvGwfvyfa7;twGuf yifvHkpmcskyf rcskyfqdkedkifrSD tcsdefuav;u/ vlrsdk;


pkacgif;aqmifrsm;eSifh aqG;aeG;rSk rajyvnfojzifh/ Adkvfcskyfatmifqef;onf tdrf
(7efukef) jyef7ef/ av,mOfudk pDpOfcdkif;cJhonf//xdktcg OD;azcif(rGwfpvif) eSifh Adkvf
csky f.tyg;awmfjrJ AdkvfxGef;vS wdkhu tajctaeudkaumif;rGefpGmpDpOfedkifcJh ojzifh
om yifvHkpmcskyf[lIjzpfay:vmcJhjcif; jzpfonf//
(OD;azcif/ udk,fawGhyifvHk/pmrsufeSm-69)
8// 1946-ckeSpfwGif AdkvfcsKyfatmifqef;onf OD;atmifZHa0(7cdkif)/ [oFw OD;jr
wdkheSifh twl 7cdkifjynfppfawGjrdk;odkha7mufcJhonf//7cdkifrGwfpvifacgif;aqmifrsm;udk
ac: ,ljyD; tpnf; ta0;usif;y7mwGif/ AdkvfcsKyfatmifqef;u rGwfpvifxkvJ
usaemf wdkh eJhwGJjyD;tvkyfvkyfjuyg/ /usaemfwdkawG[m aowl 7SifzufawGyg// rdrd
wdkh vdk7mudk awmif;juyg// us aemf Blank Cheque ay;ygr,f//usaemf
wwfedkif oavmuf vdkufavsmay;ygr,f// wdkif;7if;om;awGuGJae,if/ Armjynf
vGwfvyf a7;7zdkhcuf vdrfhr,f/[krdefhjum;cJhonf//
trwfrif; OD;bdk;cdkif udk,fwdkifa7;twWKyfywWd//pmrsufeSm-4
xdkpOfu rGwfpvifawG[m bmukdrSrawmif;cHcJhjubl;// jrefrmjynfvGwfvyfa7;
udkbJ t"duxm; cJhju w,f// Adkvfcskyfatmifq
f ef;acgif;aqmifaom jrefrmhacgif;
aqmif rsm; udkvJ rsm;pGm,HkjunfcJhjuw,f//
vGwfvyfa7;77dSjyD;/ 'Drdkua7pD um v eSpf teJi,f aemufydkif;upjyD;/ ,aeh
wdkifatmif rGwfpvifrsm;rSmolwdkh arG;zGg; 7m ae ajrrsm;Yyif/ tusOf;om;
b0wGif7adSf e juonf // tpdk;7opftaeeSifh tzdeSdyfcHrGwfpvifrsm;.ta7;udk
ajz7Sif;edkifvdrRnf[k,Hkjunfygonf//
OD;ausmfvS

3. Muslims Struggles for Independence of Burma