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ORGAN AL UNIVERSITII TEHNICE A MOLDOVEI I ASOCIAIEI INGINERILOR DIN MOLDOVA

MERIDIAN INGINERESC
Publicaie tehnico-tiinific i aplicativ fondat la 9 februarie 1995

4 2004
Editarea revistei a fost efectuat cu sprijinul financiar al Consiliului Suprem pentru tiin i Dezvoltare Tehnologic

ISSN 1683-853X
EDITURA U.T.M.

CUPRINS
Rezumate........................................................................................................... Dorogan V. Gordelenco P., Javgureanu V. Bostan I., Dulgheru V., Trifan N. Tarlev V. Popovici I. C., Popovici E. Codreanu C., Prouc I. Stratan A. urcan Iu. Cuhal R., Cuhal V. Ciuperc R. Preda C. urcan R. Balan S. Lupaco A., Dicusar G., Moanu A., Lupu O. Harnagea F., Mihai A., Malcoci M. Irovan, M., Ciocoiu, M. Rdulescu B., Rdulescu M.C. Amariei V., Bunescu M., Dicusar I. iauu V., Merticaru E. Cercetarea tiinific i tehnologic efectuat la Universitatea Tehnic a Moldovei n a. 2004........................................................................................... Situaia actual pe plan mondial n domeniul construciei de mainiunelte................................................................................................................. Analiza comparativ a influenei parametrilor geometrici ai angrenajului precesional asupra abaterii profilului cu i fr modificare.............................. Analiza caracteristicilor cinetice ale procesului de uscare a caiselor prin metoda combinat convecie + U.H.F........................................................... Aproximarea numerica a valorilor si vectorilor proprii pentru matrice simetrice............................................................................................................. Modelarea i determinarea caracteristicilor statice ale transformatoarelor din posturile de transformare............................................................................. Modelarea parametrilor mecanismului de funcionare a sectorului agrar al Republicii Moldova.. Calitatea materiei prime pilonul de baz n asigurarea calitii produciei vinicole al Republicii Moldova......................................................................... Cumprrile de valut ale bncii centrale ca instrument al politicii monetare: cazul Republicii Moldova.................................................................................. Cercetri preliminare n mediul ANSYS CFX-5 a parametrilor funcionali ale rotorului eolian elicoidal.............................................................................. Materiale textile obinute prin procedee neconvenionale................................. Dificultile relaiilor ntreprinderilor vinicole cu furnizorii materiei prime necesitatea integrrii sectorului viti-vinicol...................................................... Contribuii la clasificarea corpurilor feminine n funcie de caracteristicile antropomorfologice ale conformaiei Intensificarea procesului de uscare a viinelor.................................................. Contribuii la studiul modificrilor dimensionale suferite de soluiile adezive n procesul de formare a peliculei solide........................................................... Optimizarea parametrilor constructivi ai produselor de mbrcminte..... Finisarea suprafeelor plane folosind procedeul de vibrorulare cu bil............ Sudarea: tehnologii, echipament i personal la nivelul cerinelor europene i internaionale.................................................................................................. Studiul forelor de reacune intr-un mecanism de ambalat............................... 3 13 17 21 25 28 32 36 39 44 50 56 59 64 72

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Calancia O., Moldoveanu V., Catarschi V., Porof I.

Algoritm de calcul al greutatii specifice a metalului depus in timpul procesului de sudare cap la cap a tablelor de otel de diverse grosimi.....
Personaliti de vaz ale intelectualitii tehnice din Basarabia........................

Inveniile i istoria lor.............................................................................

REZUMATE Dorogan V. Cercetarea tiinific i tehnologic efectuat la Universitatea Tehnic a Moldovei n a. 2004. Pregtirea cadrelor inginereti de calificare nalt nu poate fi realizat fr cercetarea tiinific de performan. n lucrare se prezint rezultatele cercetrilor tiinifice efectuate la U.T.M., sursele principale de finanare a cercetrilor, dotarea tehnicomaterial a cercetrii. Gordelenco P., Javgureanu V. Situaia actual pe plan mondial n domeniul construciei de mainiunelte. Mainile-unelte sunt echipamente de producie fundamentale fr de care nici una din industriile angajate n producerea bunurilor materiale nu poate exista. Astfel, nici un produs care constituie baza civilizaiei moderne, televizoare, calculatoare, telefoane, automobile, avioane, satelii nu pot fi fabricate fr aportul esenial pe care l aduc mainileunelte. Bostan I., Dulgheru V., Trifan N. Analiza comparativ a influenei parametrilor geometrici ai angrenajului precesional asupra abaterii profilului cu i fr modificare. n lucrare se prezint unele aspecte ale analizei valorii abaterii profilului dinilor obinui prin deformare plastic, care este generat de mecanismul de legtur a nodului de deformare cu carcasa. n acest caz nodul de deformare plastic a dinilor va efectua o micare precesional cu o eroare, generat de mecanismul de legtur, care este transferat pe profilul dinilor. n rezultatul analizei au fost elaborate recomandri privind domeniile de utilizare a roilor dinate obinute prin deformare plastic (cu sau fr prelucrare ulterioar). Tarlev V. Analiza caracteristicilor cinetice a procesului de uscare a caiselor prin metoda combinat convecia + UHF. Prezenta lucrare descrie cinetica uscrii convective i combinat convecia + U.H.F. la temperatura agentului termic de 60, 70, 80, 90 i 100C. Creterea temperaturii agentului termic cauzeaz mrirea vitezei de deshidratare n prima perioad, majoreaz valoarea constantelor de uscare n prima i a doua perioad, reducerea duratei procesului de uscare a caiselor de la 1317 min. prin metoda convectiv pn la 654 min. prin metoda combinat - convecia + U.H.F. Cea mai favorabil este intensitatea cmpului electromagnetic 18000V/m, iar temperatura agentului termic de 100C. Popovici I. C., Popovici E. Aproximarea numerica a valorilor si vectorilor proprii pentru matrice simetrice. In lucrare se prezinta metoda rotatiilor a lui Jacobi si programul aferent in mediul de programare MATLAB pentru calculul aproximativ a valorilor si vectorilor proprii ale matricelor simetrice. Codreanu C., Prouc I. Modelarea i determinarea caracteristicilor statice ale transformatoarelor din posturile de transformare. n prezenta lucrare este prezentat metoda de calcul a caracteristicilor statice (CS) ale transformatoarelor de putere la tensiunea 10/0,4 kV pentru diferite valori ale coeficientului de ncrcare. Rezultatele au fost utilizate pentru determinarea coeficienilor de aproximaie ale polinoamelor de gradul doi, care la rndul lor pot fi utilizai pentru calculul regimului optim de tensiune la barele acestor transformatoare. Stratan A. Modelarea parametrilor mecanismului de funcionare a sectorului agrar al Republicii Moldova. Prezenta lucrare reflect necesitatea acut pentru restructurarea cardinal a principiilor i metodelor de reglementare i susinere a sectorului agrar n condiiile deficitului fondurilor publice. Unele amendamente importante la cadrul instituional i legal sunt necesare. n acest context, rolul statului este incontestabil. urcan Iu. Calitatea materiei prime pilonul de baz n asigurarea calitii produciei vinicole al Republicii Moldova. n economia mondial tot mai frecvent devine problema calitii produciei. Calitatea produciei vinicole n cea mai mare msur depinde de calitatea materiei prime utilizate. Prezenta lucrare reflect dinamica calitii plantaiilor de vii i strugurilor recoltai, precum i impactul ei asupra calitii produciei obinute. Cuhal R., Cuhal V. Cumprrile de valut ale bncii centrale ca instrument al politicii monetare: cazul Republicii Moldova. Prezenta lucrare analizeaz rolul interveniilor Bncii Centrale pe piaa valutar prin cumprri de valut strin, care pot ncuraja sau periclita evoluia economiei rii n ansamblu. Cumprrile de valut de ctre Banca Central ca fiind unul din instrumentele politicii monetare i valutare utilizate n scopul reglrii fluctuaiilor cursului de schimb reprezint sursa principal de completare a rezervelor valutare internaionale i de cretere a bazei monetare. Ciuperc R. Cercetri preliminare n mediul ANSYS CFX-5 a parametrilor funcionali ale rotorului eolian elicoidal. Apariia pe piaa de software a codurilor comerciale CFD (Computational Fluid Dynamics) deschide perspective largi n cercetarea turbinelor eoliene. Avantajele cele mai evidente ale cercetrii CFD sunt micorarea n timp a etapei de cercetare a obiectului de studiu, aplicnd performanele i capacitile codurilor i tehnicii de calcul, reducerea pn la minimum a studiilor pe modele, astfel, elabornd produsul ntr-o perioad relativ scurt. n lucrare se prezint rezultatele

cercetrii preliminare ai parametrilor funcionali a dou variante ale conceptului de rotor eolian elicoidal. Preda C. Materiale textile obinute prin procedee neconvenionale. n lucrare sunt definite textilele neesute care au la baz un suport textil numai din fibre i textilele neconvenionale care folosesc, att suporturi din fibre, ct i suporturi de fire, fire i fibre, esturi sau tricotare. urcan R. Dificultile relaiilor ntreprinderilor vinicole cu furnizorii materiei prime necesitatea integrrii sectorului viti-vinicol. Actualmente, cnd Republica Moldova a trecut deja la economia de pia, majoritatea ntreprinderilor din industria alimentar se confrunt cu dificulti n relaiile cu furnizorii materiei prime. n lucrare se prezint tendinele dezvoltrii acestor relaii i se argumenteaz necesitatea integrrii pe vertical a sectorului vitivinicol. Balan S. Contribuii la clasificarea corpurilor feminine n funcie de caracteristicile antropomorfologice ale conformaiei. n lucrarea nominalizat se prezint clasificarea ntregii diversiti a formelor exterioare ale corpurilor femeilor n funcie de caracteristicile antropomorfologice ale conformaiei. Clasificarea propus va permite elaborarea bazelor tiinifice ale proiectrii dimensiunilor i formelor raionale ale produselor de mbrcminte, lund n considerare multitudinea tipurilor antropomorfologice ale conformaiilor feminine i asigurarea unui grad nalt de coresponden dimensional dintre corp i produsul vestimentar. Lupaco A., Dicusar G., Moanu A., Lupu O. Intensificarea procesului de uscare a viinelor. Investigaiile din lucrarea prezent sunt orientate pentru elaborarea i dezvoltarea metodei netradiionale de uscare a viinelor cu folosirea microundelor. Este analizat cinetica uscrii n prima perioad de uscare, precum i n cea de-a doua perioad de uscare. Este cercetat influena puterii magnetronului asupra vitezei uscrii, indicilor de calitate ai viinelor uscate i a consumului de energie. Aceste date permit aprecierea obiectiv a uscrii viinelor cu folosirea microundelor. Harnagea F., Mihai A., Malcoci M. Contribuii la studiul modificrilor dimensionale suferite de soluiile adezive n procesul de formare a peliculei solide. Se prezint rezultatele obinute n urma cercetrii modificrilor dimensionale suferite de soluiile adezive prin urmrirea contraciei remanente a peliculei adezive, lund n considerare concentraia soluiei i durata de formare a peliculei solide. n acest sens au fost stabilite relaii de dependen funcional privind influena duratei de formare a peliculei solide

asupra contraciei remanente, pentru concentraii diferite ale soluiei adezive, precum i influena simultan a celor doi parametri asupra mrimii acesteia. Irovan, M., Ciocoiu, M. Optimizarea parametrilor constructivi ai produselor de mbrcminte. Prezenta lucrare trateaz problema optimizrii construciei de baz a produselor de mbrcminte exterioar pentru brbai prin prisma sectoarelor superioare de sprijin. Se utilizeaz un program original de prelucrare a datelor experimentale, de modelare matematic i reprezentare grafic a modelului matematic. Se prezint rezultatele practice ale optimizrii construciei produselor de mbrcminte exterioar pentru brbai. Rdulescu B., Rdulescu M.C. Finisarea suprafeelor plane folosind procedeul de vibrorulare cu bil. Industria romneasc trebuie s devin competitiv n noul context economic mondial, ceea ce nseamn ca va fi nevoie s se produc la un nivel ridicat de performan n termeni de calitate, cost i timp de producie pentru a avea o dezvoltare susinut. Caracteristicile pieselor obinute prin deformare plastic superficial prezint caliti ale suprafeei net superioare celor obinute prin procedee de prelucrare cum ar fi: strunjire, frezare. Acest lucru se poate realiza ns numai prin alegerea adecvat a parametrilor regimului de lucru. Alegerea acestor parametri determinnd calitatea suprafeei produsului finit. Amariei V., Bunescu M., Dicusar I. Sudarea: tehnologii, echipament i personal la nivelul cerinelor europene i internaionale. Lucrarea abordeaz subiectele prezentate i discutate n cadrul Seminarului Internaional organizat de U.T.M. i Asociaia de Sudur din Republica Moldova (ASRM), privind promovarea tehnologiilor moderne de sudare n practica industrial, organizarea pregtirii i perfecionrii personalului n domeniul sudrii, facilitarea contactelor ntre persoane i grupuri de specialiti interesai n promovarea sudrii n diverse domenii ale economiei naionale. iauu V., Merticaru E. Studiul fortelor de reactiune intr-un mecanism de ambalat. In lucrare se determina fortele de reactiune, considerand legaturile excedentare, prin metoda eforturilor din rezistenta materialelor. Este luat ca exemplu un mecanism din structura unei masini de ambalat unt. Sunt calculate reactiunile si se analizeaza influenta legaturilor excedentare.

SUMMARY Dorogan V. Scientific and Technological Research Carried Out at the Technical University of Moldova in 2004. The education of highly qualified engineers cannot be performed without undertaking performance scientific research. In this work the results of scientific research carried out at TUM, main sources of financing research, technical and material endowment of research have been presented. Gordelenco P., Javgureanu V. Worlds actual situation in the field of machinetools construction. Machine-tools are such an equipment of fundamental production without which none of the industries engaged in production of material goods can not exist. Thus, none of the product that form the basis of the modern civilization: TV sets, computers, telephones, cars, planes, satellites can not be produced without essential support that machine-tools bring. Bostan I., Dulgheru V., Trifan N. Comparative Analysis of the Precessional Gear Geometrical Parameters Influence on the Deflection of the Modified and Unmodified Profiles. In this work some aspects are presented concerning the analysis of the deflection value of the tooth profiles obtained by plastic deformation which has been generated by the junction mechanism of the deformation knot with framing. In this case the knot of teeth plastic deformation will produce a precessional motion with an error, generated by the junction mechanism, which is transferred to the teeth profiles. As result of the carried out analysis recommendations have been elaborated concerning the areas of application of the toothed wheels obtained by plastic deformation (with or without further processing). Tarlev V. The Analysis of Kinetic Characteristics of the Drying Process of Apricots by Combined Convection + UHF Method. This paper describes the kinetics of the convective and combined convective + UHF drying methods at the temperaures of 60, 70, 80, 90 and 100C. The increase in temperature leads to increase of the dehydration speed in the first period, to the increase of the drying constants in the first and second periods, as well as to the decrease of the apricots drying duration from 1317 min by means of convective method, to 654 min by means of the combined convective + UHF method using an intensity of the electromagnetic field of 18000V/m at the temperature of 100C. Popovici I. C., Popovici E. The numerical approximation of the eigenvalues and eigenvectors for symmetrical matrices. In this article it is presented Jacobis rotation method and the corresonding program within the programming MATLAB medium for approximate calculation of eigenvalues and eigenvectors of the symmetric matrices. Codreanu C., Prouc I. Simulating and determination of static characteristics of power transformers. The paper gives the method of calculation of static characteristics (SC) of power transformers on a voltage 10/0,4 is offered at various factors of loading. The results have been used to determine the factors of approximation of polynoms of the second order which are in turn used to calculate the optimum levels of a voltage on the windings of power transformers. Stratan A. Modeling the parameters of the functioning mechanism of the agricultural sector of Moldova. This article reflects the keen necessity for a cardinal restructuring of the principles and methods of regulating and supporting the agricultural field in the conditions of public funds scarcity. Some important amendments to our institutional and legal framework are of great demand. Within this context the role of the state is incontestable. urcan Iu. The quality of raw material the basic element in quality assurance of wine-making production of Republic of Moldova. In world economy even more often there are problems connected with quality of production. The quality of wine-making production to the greatest degree depends of quality of the used raw material. The given work reflects dynamics of quality of grape plantations and obtained grapes, and also their influence to quality of made production. Cuhal R., Cuhal V. The purchases of foreign currency of the central bank as monetary policy instrument: case of the Republic of Moldova. The present work analyses the role of central bank interventions on the currency market through purchases of foreign currency that may encourage or jeopardize the evolution of the countrys economy as a whole. Purchases of foreign currency of the central bank as one of the monetary and exchange policy instruments used to regulate the exchange rate fluctuations represent the main source of completing the foreign exchange reserves and increasing the money base. Ciuperc R. Preliminary research in the ANSYS CFX-5 code of functional parameters of the helical wind rotor. The apparition of CFD (Computational Fluid Dynamics) commercial codes on the software market opens large perspectives in the research of wind turbine. The most evident advantages of research CFD are: the decrease in time of the period in which the study object is research, applying the performances

and the capacities of codes and computers; the reduction to minimum of model-based studies, thus elaborating the product in a relatively short period. The work presents the results of preliminary research with the functional parameters of two variants of the helical wind rotor. Preda C. Textile materials obtained through unconventional procedures. This issue defines nonwoven textiles that have as a base textile support made only of fibbers and unconventional textiles, which utilize fibbers support, as well as thread support, threads and fibbers, tissues or knitwear. In addition, have been emitted criterions of classification of materials obtained through unconventional procedures, differed from classical tissues or knitwear. urcan R. The problematic of the relations of the wine enterprises with the suppliers of raw material - necessity of integration of the wine-making industry and the viticulture. Nowadays, when the Republic of Moldova has already passed to the market economy, majority of the enterprises of a foodprocessing industry meet difficulties in the relations with the suppliers of raw material. In this work the tendencies of development of these relations are represented and the necessity of vertical integration of the wine-making industry and the viticulture is justified. Balan S. The contribution to the classification of the feminine bodies depending on the antropomorphological characteristics of the conformations. In the present work there is presented the classification of the entire diversity of the exterior forms of feminine bodies depending on antropomorphological characteristics of the conformations. The proposed classification will allow the working out of the scientific basis for the projection of dimensions and of rational form of clothes products, taking into account the multitude of the antropomorphological types of feminine conformations and assurance of a high level of dimensional correspondence between the body and the clothes products. Lupaco A., Dicusar G., Moanu A., Lupu O. The intensification of cherries drying process. The paper presents some aspects regarding the elaboration and development of untraditional drying methods which involve microwave use. Its analyzed the kinetic of the drying process in the first and second period. Also, is studied the influence of magnetron power on drying speed, cherries quality indicators and energy consumption. These data allows an objective analyze of microwave drying method. Harnagea F., Mihai A., Malcoci M. Share to investigation the dimensional modifications suffer

of adhesive solutions at process of formation of solid coat. We present the results obtained by the research of dimensional modification of adhesive solutions by means of following up concentration of adhesive, taking into consideration concentration of solution and duration of solid coat formation have been established relationship of functional dependence of influence of forming duration of solid coat on contraction for different concentrations of adhesive solution, as well as simultaneous influence of those two parameters on this size. Irovan M., Ciocoiu, M. Optimization of constructive parameters of clothing products. The present works deals with the problem of optimization of basic construction of clothing products for men by using the superior support sectors. There is used an original program of experimental data processing, mathematic modeling and graphical presentation of mathematic model. There are presented the practical optimization results of basic construction of exterior clothing products for men. Rdulescu B., Rdulescu M.C. Using the vibratory machining process with a ball for the outside plane surface finishing. The Romanian industry has to become competitive in new economical context. This means that it would produce at a higher level of performance in terms of quality, cost and money for a sustainable development. The characteristics of the parts made by plastically superficial deformation had better surfaces qualities that the parts made by: turning, milling, This better surfaces qualities can be obtained only choosing the adequated parameters of working regime. The choosing of this parameters determines the finite product quality surface. Amariei V., Bunescu M., Dicusar I. Welding: Technologies, Equipment and Personnel According to European and International Requirements. This work approaches the topics presented and discussed within the sessions of the International Workshop organized by TUM and the Welding Society of the Republic of Moldova (WSRM) concerning promotion of modern welding technologies to industries, organization of instruction and training of personnel for welding works, facilitating of contacts among individuals and groups of professionals interested in promotion of welding to various fields of the national economy. iauu V., Merticaru E. Study of the reaction forces in a packing mechanism. In the paper there are calculated the reaction forces, considering the redundant constraints through the effort method from the materials resistance. There is considered a mechanism in the structure of a butter-packing machine. The reactions are calculated and the influence of the redundant constraints on the reactions is analyzed.

SMMAIRE Dorogan V. Recherches scientifique et technologique effectues lUniversit Technique de Moldavie en 2004. La formation dingnieurs dune qualification de haut degr ne peut tre ralise sans recherches scientifiques de performance. Les rsultats des recherches scientifiques effectues lU.T.M., les sources principales de financement des recherches, la dotation technique et matrielle sont prsents dans louvrage. Gordelenco P., Javgureanu V. La situation relle de monde dans le domaine de la construction de machines-outils. Les machines-outils sont un tel quipement de production fondamentale sans laquelle aucune des industries retenues dans la production de marchandises essentielles ne peut exister. Ainsi, aucun du produit qui forment la base de la civilisation moderne: les tlviseurs, les ordinateurs, les tlphones, les voitures, les avions, les satellites ne peuvent pas tre produits sans soutien essentiel que les machines-outils apportent. Bostan I., Dulgheru V., Trifan N. Analyse comparative de linfluence des paramtres gomtriques de lengrenage prcessionnel sur la dviation du profil avec et sans modification. On illustre dans louvrage certains aspects de lanalyse des valeurs de la dviation du profil des roues obtenues par la dformation plastique qui est gnre par le mcanisme de liaison du nodule de dformation carcasse. Dans ce cas-l le nodule de dformation plastique des roues effectuera un mouvement prcessionnel une erreur gnre par le mcanisme de liaison qui est transfre sur le profil des dents. En rsultats de lanalyse ont t labores les recommandations concernant les domaines de lutilisation des roues dentes obtenues par la dformation plastique (avec ou sans traitement ultrieur). Tarlev V. Lanalyse des caractristiques cintiques du procs du schage des abricots par la mthode combine convection + UHF. Le prsent travail dcrit le procs du schage convectif aux tempratures de lagent thermique 60, 70, 80, 90 et de 100C. Laugmentation de la temprature de lagent thermique produit la rduction de la dure du schage dans la premire priode du procs, augmente la valeur des constantes de schage dans la premire et deuxime priode de schage des fruits dabricot. On rduit la dure du schage de 1317 minutes (celle impose par la mthode convective) jusqu' 654 minutes (celle impose par la mthode combine convection + UHV avec une intensit du champ lectromagntique de 18000 V/m et avec une temprature de lagent thermique de 100C). Popovici I. C., Popovici E. Le approximation numrique valeurs et vectors propres pour les matrices symtriques. On prsent le mthode rotations du Jacobi et le programme crit dans MATLAB pourcompte approximatif valeurs et vectors propres pour les matrices symtriques. Codreanu C., Prouc I. Le modelage et la dfinition des caractristiques statiques des transformateurs de puissance. Dans le travail on propose la mthode du calcul des caractristiques statiques (S) des transformateurs de force pour la tension 10/0,4kV aux divers coefficients du chargement. Les rsultats ont t utiliss pour la dtermination des coefficients de l'approximation des polynmes du deuxime ordre, qui sont a leurs tour utiliss pour le calcul des niveaux optimums de la tension aux bornes des transformateurs de puissance. Stratan A. Le modelage des paramtres du mcanisme de fonctionnement du secteur agricole de la Rpublique de Moldova. et article reflte la ncessit imprieuse pour une restructuration cardinale des principes et des mthodes de rglementation et soutenance du secteur agricole dans les conditions du dficit des fonds publiques. Quelques amendements importants notre cadre institutionnel et juridique sont dune grande demande. Dans ce context, le role de lEtat est irrefutable. urcan Iu. La qualit de la matire premire l'lment principal dans la garantie de la qualit de la production vinicole de la Rpublique de Moldova. Dans l'conomie mondiale tout il y a plus souvent des problmes li avec la qualit de la production. La qualit de la production vinicole dans le plus grand degr dpend de la qualit de la matire premire utilise. Le travail donn reflte le dynamisme de la qualit de raisin plantations et le raisin reu, ainsi que son influence sur la qualit de la production produite. Cuhal R., Cuhal V. Lacquisition des devises par la Banque Centrale comme instrument de la politique montaire: Le cas de la Rpublique Moldova. Dans cette travail est analyse le rle des interventions de la Banque Centrale sur le march des devises par lacquisition de la monnaies trangers, qui peut encourag ou priclit lvolution de lconomie dun pays en ensemble. Lacquisition de la monnaies trangers par la Banque Centrale comme un des instruments de la politique montaire et de devise utilis pour le rglement des fluctuations du taux de change reprsente la source principale pour le compltement des rserve internationale des devises et pour la croissance de la base montaire. Ciuperc R. Recherches prliminaires dans le milieu ANSYS CFX-5 des paramtres fonctionnels du rotor olien hlicodal. Lapparition sur le march de software des codes commercial CFD (Computational Fluid Dynamics) ouvre des grandes perspectives dans les recherches des turbines oliennes. Les plus vidents avantages de la recherche CFD sont: lamoindrissement de ltape de recherche dobjet dtude, en appliquant les performances et les capacits des codes et de la technique de compte, la rduction jusqu'au minimum des tudes sur les modles, ainsi, en laborant le produit dans une

priode relativement courte. Dans le travail on se prsente les rsultats de la recherche prliminaire des paramtres fonctionnels pour deux variants du concept de rotor olien hlicodal. Preda C. Matriaux textiles obtenus par les procdes pas conventionnels. Cette tude on a dfini les textiles pas tissus qui ont la base un support textile seulement en fibre set en textiles, qui utilisent des appuis en fils, en fibres, en toiles ou en tricots. A aussi, on a mis de modalits de classification des matriaux obtenus par les procdes pas conventionnels diffents de fels classiques de tisser ou de tricoter. urcan R. La problmatique des relations des entreprises vinicoles avec les fournisseurs de la matire premire la ncessit de l'intgration de la viticulture et de l'industrie vinicole. A prsent, quand la Rpublique de Moldova a pass l'conomie de march, la plupart des entreprises de l'industrie de l'alimentation s'heurtent aux difficults sur les relations avec les fournisseurs de la matire premire. Dans le travail on prsente les tendances du dveloppement de ces relations et s'installe la ncessit de l'intgration verticale de la viticulture et de l'industrie vinicole. Balan S. Les contributions la classification des corps fminins en fonction des caractristiques antropomorphologiques de la conformation. Dans le travail nominalis est prsente la classification de toute la diversit de corps de femmes en dpendance des caractristiques antropomorphologiques de la conformation. La classification propose permettra llaboration des bases scientifiques de la projection des dimensions et des formes rationnelles des produits vestimentaires, en considrant la varit des tipes antropomorphologiques des conformations fminines et lassrance dun niveau de correspondance dimensionnelle entre le corp et le produit vestimentaire. Lupaco A., Dicusar G., Moanu A., Lupu O. Intensification du processus de schage des griottes. Lanalyse prsente dans ce document a t dirige vers llaboration et le dveloppement de la mthode non traditionnelle de schage durant les deux priodes. On analyse la cintique du schage durant les deux priodes. On a recherch linfluence de la puissance magntique sur la vitesse de schage, sur les indices de qualit des guignes sches et sur la consommation dnergie. Ces donns permettent dvoluer objectivement la mthode de schage des guignes par lutilisation des micro-ondes. Harnagea F., Mihai A., Malcoci M. Contributions ltude des modifications dimensionnelles souffertes par les solutions adhsives dans le processus de formage de la pellicule solide. On y prsente les rsultats obtenus la suite de la recherche des modifications dimensionnelles des solutions adhsives, par la dtermination de contraction rmanente de la

pellicule adhsive ltat solide, en prenant en considration la concentration de la solution adhsive et le temps ncessaire pour la formage de la pellicule solide. En ce sens, pour des concentrations diffrentes de la solution adhsive, on a tabli des relations de dpendance fonctionnelle en ce qui concerne linfluence de la dure de formage de la pellicule solide sur la contraction rmanente, aussi que linfluence simultane des deux paramtres sur la dimension de celle- ci. Irovan, M., Ciocoiu, M. Optimisation des paramtres constructives des produits vestimentaires. Ce travail traite le problme d'optimisation de la construction du produit vestimentaire pour les hommes avec les sectors suprieur du support. On utilise un programme original de procession des donnes exprimentales, de modlisation mathmatique et reprsentation graphique de ce model mathmatique. On prsent les rsultats pratiques d'optimisation de la construction des produits vestimentaires extrieurs pour les hommes. Rdulescu B., Rdulescu M.C. Utilisation du processus dusinage vibratoire avec une balle pour la finition de surface extrieur plane. L'industrie roumaine doit devenir concurrentielle dans le nouveau contexte conomique. Ceci signifie qu'il devrait produire un niveau plus lev d'excution en termes de qualit, cot et argent pour un dveloppement soutenable. Les caractristiques des pices faites par dformation plastique superficielle ont de meilleures qualits de surfaces que les pices qui sont faites par : rotation, fraisage les meilleures qualits de surfaces peut tre obtenu seulement par la choix adquate des paramtres de rgime fonctionnel. Le choix du ceux paramtres dtermine la qualit de la surface du produit. Amariei V., Bunescu M., Dicusar I. Soudure: technologies, quipement et personnel au niveau des exigences europennes et internationales. Dans louvrage on aborde les sujets prsents et discuts lors du Sminaire International organis par lU.T.M. et lAssociation de Soudure de la Rpublique de Moldavie (ASRM) visant promouvoir les technologies modernes de soudure dans la pratique industrielle, lorganisation de la formation et du perfectionnement du personnel dans le domaine de la soudure, lamlioration des contacts entre les personnes et les groupes de spcialistes qui sont intresss aux problmes de soudure dans diverses branches de lconomie nationale. iauu V., Merticaru E. Etude des forces de raction pour un mcanisme a ambaler. Dans larticle il y a prsente une mthodologie dvaluation du forces de raction, et linfluence du contraintes redundantes sur ces forces. La mthode de calcule est une mthode de la rsistance du matriaux. La mthodologie est exemplifie pour un mcanisme de la structure dune machine a ambaler.

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