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Chapter 1 The King's Party 1 It was in the days of Achashvairosh -- this was the Achashvairosh who reigned from Hodu to Cush, a total of one hundred and twenty seven provinces. 2 At that time, King Achashvairosh established his royal throne in Shushan, the capital (of the Persian Empire). 3 In the third year of his reign he made a party for all his ministers and servants. The army of Persia and Media, and the nobles and ministers of the provinces attended. 4 His purpose was to display the wealth of his great empire and the riches he inherited through his prestigious stature for many days, one hundred and eighty days. 5 After that, the king made a seven-day party in the garden enclosure of the king's palace, for everyone in Shushan Capital; everyone was treated equally. 6 There were exquisite white cotton and royal-blue wool hangings, embroidered with cords of fine linen and purple wool, suspended over silver rods and marble pillars; there were gold and silver couches, on platforms of green, white, shell, and onyx marble. 7 The drinks were served in gold goblets -- no two goblets were alike; royal wine was in abundance, as befits the hand of the king. 8 The drinks were served according to the law: no one was forced, because the king had instructed his officers to fulfill the wishes of each guest. The Queen Pretends to be Proper and Decent 9 Queen Vashti also made a feast, for the women, in the royal house of King Achashvairosh. 10 On the seventh day, when the king was under the influence of the wine he had been drinking, he ordered Mehuman, Bizta, Charvonah, Bigta, Avagtar, Zetar and Charcas, the seven attendants who served King Achashvairosh, 11 to bring Queen Vashti, wearing only her royal crown, before the king, to show the nations and the ministers her beauty, for she was very beautiful. 12 The Queen refused to come at the word of the king as brought to her by the attendants, and the king grew angry, and his temper burst. The King's Reaction 13 The King spoke to his advisors, who were familiar with established precedents, because it was the king's custom to confer with those who knew law and custom. 14 Those closest to him were Karshina, Shaitar, Admata, Tarshish, Meres, Mars’na, and Memuchan, seven ministers of Persia and Media who were allowed in the presence of the king and were the highest ranking officials in the empire. 15 The question was: what does the law say should be done to Queen Vashti for not obeying the command that King Achashvairosh conveyed to her through the attendants? Memuchan's Advice 16 Memuchan said to the king and the ministers, "When Queen Vashti was disobedient, she hurt not only the king but also all the ministers of all the nations in all of the provinces of King Achashvairosh's empire. 17 "When word of the Queen's behavior gets out to all the women, they will treat their husbands with less respect, pointing out that even King Achashvairosh ordered Queen Vashti to come to him and she did not come. 18 "This very day, the wives of the ministers of Persia and Media who have heard what Queen Vashti did, will bring up this incident to the ministers of the king, and that will cause a great deal of scandal and quarreling. 19 "If it pleases the king, let him issue a royal edict that a new immutable law be written into the laws of Persia and Media to the effect that Queen Vashti may never again come to King Achashvairosh, and that her royal position will be given to someone else more suitable. 20 "Let the King's decree be posted throughout the entire empire, even though it is very large, and then all the women will respect their husbands, regardless of their status." 21 The king and the ministers liked this idea, so the king did as Memuchan advised. 22 He sent scrolls to all the king's provinces, each scroll written in the alphabet and language of the province to which it was sent, stating that the man is legally the master of his own home, and that everyone in the household must speak the man's native language. Chapter 2 The Search For A New Queen 1 After these events, King Achashvairosh's anger abated, and he remembered Vashti and what had happened to her. 2 The king's personal servants said, "Let them search for beautiful young virgins for the king. 3 "The king should appoint officials in each of the provinces of his empire to gather all the beautiful young virgins at the harem in
with pleasant features. told her to take. 2 . and it was verified." The King liked this idea. Adar. 10 Esther did not reveal her race or nationality. Chapter 3 Five years Later 1 After those events. and when her parents died Mordechai adopted her. Haman drew a pur. and many women were being gathered at Shushan Capital under Hegai's direction. citing Mordechai as her source. throughout Achashvairosh's entire empire. Nisan. and he grew angry. in the seventh year of his reign. two officers of the king's night guards. 20 And Esther still did not reveal her nationality or race. she made no requests at all. and the seven maids due her from the palace. which involved six months' application of oil of myrrh and six months of perfumes and feminine cosmetics. 6 He was disdainful of killing only Mordechai. guardian of the women. The Plot Against the King 21 Once. so he set a royal crown on her head. 23 They investigated the matter. 13 And that's how they came before the king. because Mordechai had ordered her not to. 11 Every day Mordechai would walk near the courtyard of the harem to find out how Esther was doing and what was happening with her. to see if Mordechai would stick to his word. and Esther told it to the king. so he did it. so he told Queen Esther. 6 He had been exiled from Jerusalem with the exiles who had been expelled with Yechonyah king of Yehudah when Nevuchadnezzar king of Babylon had banished them. each woman was given whatever she wanted to take with her from the harem to the king's palace. 14 She would arrive in the evening. called Esther's Feast. 7 In the first month. Mordechai was appointed to sit with the ministers at the King's Gate. and give them cosmetics. once they told him Mordechai's nationality. guardian of the concubines. 15 When the time came for Esther. Mordechai and Esther 5 There was a Judean man in Shushan Capital whose name was Mordechai. and promoted him. King Achashvairosh raised the salary of Haman son of Hamdata. and he wouldn't listen. Esther obeyed the words of Mordechai just as she did when he was raising her. 8 When word of the king's decree became known. and he transferred her and her maids to the best part of the harem. 12 The line of women proceeding to the king progressed. because he had explained to them that as a Jew he was forbidden to do it.Shushan Capital. Mordechai's nation. because the king had commanded it. raising his position above those of all the other ministers. while Mordechai was sitting at the king's gate. Esther pleased everyone who met her. and he made her queen instead of Vashti. and they were both hanged on gallows. so he resolved to destroy all the Jews. Teves. guardian of the women. under the administration of the king's eunuch Hegei. 4 "And the woman that the king likes can rule instead of Vashti. 2 All the king's servants in the king's court would kneel and bow in religious worship to Haman. as Mordechai had ordered her. in the twelfth year of King Achashvairosh's reign. as each woman underwent the usual twelve-month treatment for women. 19 Then they gathered virgins a second time. Esther was taken to the palace. also known as Esther. "Why do you disobey the king?" 4 Day after day they would say this to him. a descendant of Agag. 5 Haman saw that Mordechai would not kneel and bow to him. who had adopted her as his daughter. 18 The king made a big feast for all his ministers and servants. so they told Haman. to Hegai. She would not return to the king unless the king wanted her and requested her by name. Bigtan and Teresh. from the tribe of Benjamin. became angry at the king. and they conspired to poison the king. 7 He had raised his cousin Hadassah. guardian of the women. In addition. 17 The king loved Esther more than all the women. which chose a day in the twelfth month. food. but Mordechai would neither bow nor kneel. She was a beautiful woman. 22 Mordechai found out about it. to come before the king. and he approved of her. under the direction of the eunuch Shaashgaz. son of Shim'i. from the family of Kish. and she would return in the morning to the second harem. It was then recorded in the royal book of chronicles. a lottery. and he declared a tax reduction for the provinces. 3 The king's servants in the king's court asked Mordechai. and she pleased him more than all the virgins. 9 He liked the young woman. daughter of Avichayil the uncle of Mordechai. 16 Esther was taken to King Achashvairosh at his palace in the tenth month. and gave royal gifts. son of Yair. after she lost her parents. so he rushed to give her cosmetics. and took only what the eunuch Hegai. At that time.
unless the king extends his royal scepter to him. they do not obey the king's laws. and the Jews in the city of Shushan were unaware of what it meant. crying and wailing. declaring simply that everyone should be ready to wage war on that day. and it does not pay for the king to tolerate their existence. and you and your father's house will be lost. 7 Mordechai told him everything that had happened. over drinks. 9 Hatach went and told Esther what Mordechai had said. on the thirteenth day of the twelfth month. Chapter 4 Mordechai Calls for Repentance 1 But Mordechai knew of all that had happened. and to command her to go to the king to beg and plead to him for her people. She sent clothing with which to clothe Mordechai. to replace his sackcloth. could the king and Haman come today to a banquet I am making for him?" 5 The king said "Hurry Haman up to do as Esther said. 2 When the king saw Queen Esther standing in the court. many lay in sackcloth and ashes.and if I am killed. And who knows? Maybe it was for just such an occasion that you were made queen!" 15 Esther sent back word to Mordechai: 16 "Go and gather all the Jews in Shushan." to show Esther. 8 He gave him a copy of the decree that had been circulated in Shushan." 12 They told Mordechai Esther's message. and do whatever you want with that nation. Their laws are different than everyone else's. 10 Esther responded to Mordechai through Hasach: 11 "The servants of the king and the people of the provinces all know that any man or woman who comes to the king in the inner court without being summoned is sentenced to death by the law. and she stood at the king's inner court. and he extended to Esther the golden scepter he was holding. 6 At the banquet. let a law be written that they be destroyed. 4 Esther's maids and attendants came and told her. The king and Haman sat down to drink. and eradicate all the Jews. with fasting. granting him life. kill. He went to the center of the city and wailed a loud and bitter cry. the Jews will get relief and rescue some other way. stating clearly the decree to destroy. and he tore his clothes and put on sackcloth and ashes. each province in its alphabet. 2 He went up until the king's gate. facing the entrance. which contained the words "to destroy them. and the queen became very upset." 17 Mordechai left and did all that Esther had commanded him." 4 Esther said. to the king's officers and governors of each province. Adar. 11 The king said to Haman. rushed by the king's command. and to all the ministers of each nation. and the public decree was posted in Shushan Capital. 6 Hatach went out to Mordechai. and that this will save your life. fast for me: do not eat or drink for three days and nights. and each nation in its language. persecutor of the Jews. one of the king's chamberlains whom he had designated to serve her. My girls and I will also fast. "Keep the money. The king was sitting on his royal throne in the palace. you will receive it. 14 "Even if you are silent now. Then I'll go to the king -. Queen Esther? What is your request? I would give you up to half the empire. I will be the only one killed. "What do you wish. the king asked Esther. 14 The text of the letter also contained a public decree that was to be posted in each province. "Whatever your request. 5 Esther called Hatach. Esther approached and touched the tip of the scepter. And the king has not called for me for thirty days now. about the allotment of money Haman had said he would give to the king's treasury for the eradication of the Jews. up until half the empire.The Plot to Kill the Jews 8 Haman said to King Achashvairosh. 13 The letters were sent with runners to each province." So the king and Haman went to the banquet that Esther had made. Chapter 5 Esther Approaches the King 1 On the third day of the fast. facing the king's apartment. to the city street in front of the king's gate. 13 Mordechai sent back word to Esther: "Don't imagine that you alone among the Jews will escape to the king's palace. "There is a nation scattered and separated among the nations throughout your empire. and she ordered him to go to Mordechai and find out what he was doing and why. and I will pay to the executors ten thousand silver Kikar-coins for the king's treasury. young and old. Esther dressed in her royal clothes. 15 The runners left. in one day. 3 The king said to her. they convened the king's scribes and had them write whatever Haman ordered. Whatever you desire. he was pleased. it shall be done!" 3 . "If it please the king. 9 "If it pleases the king. children and women." 12 On the thirteenth day of the first month." 10 The king removed his signet ring from his hand and gave it to Haman son of Hamdoso the Agagite.against the law -. because it was forbidden to enter the king's gate while wearing sackcloth. 3 In every province that the king's decree reached there was great mourning among the Jews. but he would not accept them. and each letter was written and sealed with the king's ring. and to pillage their property.
"What reward was given to Mordechai for this?" The king's attendants answered. Queen Esther invited no one else to the banquet she made for the king. 2 They found an entry in the book describing how Mordechai had reported that Bigsan and Seresh. could the king and Haman come to the banquet I shall make for them tomorrow? Tomorrow I will do as the king has said [and I will reveal my request and my desire]. depressed. 5 The king's attendants said. 7 In his anger. He should call out." 3 Queen Esther answered. "Enter!" 6 Haman entered. "Who is in the courtyard?" Haman had arrived at the king's outer courtyard to tell the king to hang Mordechai on the gallows he had made for him. and the royal horse that only the king rides." The Plot Is Overthrown 5 King Achashvairosh said to Queen Esther." Haman liked the idea. the king said again to Esther. "Who would the king want to honor more than me?" 7 So Haman said to the king.7 Esther answered. they covered up Haman's face. where he called for his wife and friends. and with his head covered. His advisors and his wife responded to him. and if it please the king. a nobleman. take the clothes and horse just like you said. Then you can go with the king to the banquet. and eradicated. 3 The king asked. "Hurry up. Chapter 6 The Wheel Turns 1 That night the king couldn't sleep. and do all that to the Jew Mordechai who sits at the king's gate. but when he saw Mordechai at the king's gate refuse to even stand or move at all for him." Said the king. will be done. you shall have. "About my request and desire: 8 If the king likes me." 14 While they were still speaking with him. Haman got very angry at Mordechai. "There's also a fifty-cubit-high gallows in Haman's house that Haman made for Mordechai. Do not leave out a single thing you mentioned!" 11 Haman took the clothes and horse. but Haman hurried home. and he called out. who should dress the man the king wants to honor. 'This is what is done to the man the king wishes to honor!'" 10 The king said to Haman. over the wine. the king stood up and went to the palace garden. the enemy. happy. so he made the gallows. and lead him through the streets on the royal horse. too. 13 "But none of this means anything to me as long as I see that Jew Mordechai sitting at the king's gate. You will lose to him entirely. "Nothing was done at all. 2 Haman said. and the king said to him. the persecutor. "In fact. Haman began pleading with Queen Esther for his life. 10 Haman controlled himself until he got home. the king's attendants arrived. In the morning tell the king to hang Mordechai on it. 4 "My people and I have been sold to be destroyed. along with all his friends." 4 The king asked. "Since Mordechai is a Jew. so he told them to bring the book of records. Chapter 7 Esther's Plea 1 The king and Haman came to drink with Queen Esther. Queen Esther. and if it pleases the king to grant me my request and desire. who saved the 4 . And whatever you request. and he led him through the streets of the city. Had we been sold as slaves I would have stayed silent. up until half the empire. which is the horse that wears a royal crown. because he saw that the king was determined to do him harm. she has invited me to be there with the king. "If the king likes me. "What should be done with a man that the king wants to honor?" Haman said to himself. said to the king. "Make a fifty-cubit high gallows. advised him. grant me my life as my desire. had attempted to harm King Achashvairosh. The king exclaimed. 9 Charvonah. "That man. now that you have begun to lose to him you will never get the upper hand. but this enemy is not concerned about the king's financial loss. the chronicles. is that evil Haman there!" And Haman became terrified of the king and queen. and my people as my request. he dressed Mordechai. "Who is this? Who would dare do this?" 6 Esther said. 8 As the king returned from the palace garden to the banquet room. two officers of the king's night guards. and how the king had promoted and elevated him above all the other ministers and servants of the king. 2 On the second day." 14 His wife Zeresh. killed. 11 Haman talked with them about his glorious wealth and his many children. except me! And tomorrow. 8 "They should bring the royal clothing that only the king wears. Haman fell on Esther's couch. one of the king's attendants. "Haman has suddenly shown up in the courtyard. "This is what is done to the man the king wishes to honor!" 12 Mordechai returned to the king's gate. "Would he attack the queen even when I'm in the house?!" When the king said that." 9 Haman left that day happy. and feeling good. and they rushed to bring Haman to the banquet that Esther was making. 13 Haman told his wife Zeresh and his friends what had happened. and to read them to the king. "Whatever your desire. "For the man that the king wants to honor. 9 "The clothes and horse should be given to one of the king's ministers.
and the king's anger subsided. kill. and eradicate all the armies menacing them. because they had become afraid of the Jews. riders of the royal camel-mules. and she stood up before the king. 7 They also killed: 5 . I have given Haman's house to Esther. No one could withstand them. 2 The king removed the ring he had given Haman and gave it to Mordechai. She cried and pleaded with him to overturn the evil of Haman the Agagite and his plan against the Jews. 5 She said. it cannot be repealed. son of Hamdata the Agagite. King Achashvairosh gave Queen Esther the house of Haman. 16 The Jews had light and gladness. which was to kill the Jews throughout the empire. dromedaries bred from mares. on the thirteenth day of the twelfth month. then the city of Shushan was lighthearted and joyful. "Hang him on it. and signed with the royal signet ring. as well as feasting and holiday. and they defeated all their enemies. and to pillage their property. 8 "Now. because everyone was afraid of them. "See. "If it pleases the king. The enemies of the Jews had hoped to overpower the Jews that day. 11 The decree stated that the king permits the Jews of each city to gather and defend themselves. and Haman has been hanged on the gallows because he tried to harm the Jews. and if he thinks this is a good idea. Everything that Mordechai commanded was written to the Jews. and to the Jews in their alphabet and language. and the Jews overpowered their enemies. let a decree be written to repeal the decree of the plot of Haman. Chapter 8 The Circle is Complete 1 That day." Said the king. falling at his feet. who were riding the valuable dromedaries. and each nation in its language. 12 For one day. and signed with the royal signet ring. 4 You see. with a large golden crown. The decree was posted in Shushan Capital. 17 Similarly. to the officers. supported the Jews. 10 It was written in the name of King Achashvairosh. Adar. which is the month of Adar. Esther spoke to the king." 9 The king's scribes were summoned immediately. 4 The king extended his golden scepter to Esther. to destroy. 14 The couriers. and the king's pages. left in a hurry. the persecutor of the Jews. and sign it with the royal signet ring. because they were afraid of Mordechai. and if the king likes me. Mordechai was becoming more and more powerful. throughout all the provinces of King Achashvairosh. Mordechai came before the king. but the plot was overturned. children and women. Since the first decree was written in the name of the king. all one hundred twenty seven. The Triumphal Celebration 15 Mordechai left the king's presence wearing royal clothing of blue and white. as a result. the governors. in every province and city to which the king's decree and authority reached there was joy and gladness for the Jews. Many of the non-Jews claimed to be Jewish. and a robe of fine. on the thirteenth day of the third month. 5 The Jews struck at all their opponents with the sword. because Esther had revealed their relationship. governors and ministers of the provinces from Hodu to Cush. and Esther put Mordechai in charge of Haman's house. write up a new decree concerning the Jews as you see fit. Sivan. purple linen.king. urged by the king's command. the king's decree was supposed to be executed. each province in its alphabet. Mordechai had become very influential in the king's household. and joy and honor. killing and destroying them. that the Jews were to be ready on that day to take revenge against their enemies." 10 So they hanged Haman on the gallows he had prepared for Mordechai. 6 In Shushan Capital the Jews killed and destroyed five hundred men. Esther Pleads for Full Mercy 3 Once again. Chapter 9 The Day of the Battle 1 On the thirteenth day of the twelfth month. The scrolls were sent out with the swift horse-riding couriers. 13 Copies of the letter were to be publicly distributed in each province. 6 "How can I stand to watch this evil happen to my nation? How can I stand to see the destruction of my people?" A New Decree Is Issued 7 King Achashvairosh said to Queen Esther and Mordechai the Jew. the satraps. and his reputation was known throughout the empire. and if he approves of me. 2 Throughout King Achashvairosh's provinces the Jews gathered in their cities to defend themselves against those who tried to hurt them. 3 Even the provincial ministers.
These days of the Purim Holiday will never be abolished among the Jews. each and every year. but they did not pillage their property. he worked constantly to better his people's circumstances. and their descendants will never cease to observe them. and were also included in the book. 28 These days must be remembered and observed for every generation. and they killed a total of seventy-five thousand. 18 But the Jews of Shushan gathered together on the thirteenth and the fourteenth days of Adar. 2 The details of Mordechai's might. 6 . whatever your request. in every city. every family. and rested on the fifteenth day. and the letter offered words of peace and truth. He drew a pur. 19 That's why the Jews who live in villages and cities without walls around them observe the fourteenth day of Adar as the celebration. in every part of the world. The decree was announced in Shushan. could the ten sons of Haman be hanged on the gallows?" 14 The king ordered these things to be done. Who knows what they did in the more distant provinces of the empire? Whatever you want. and from mourning to holy celebration. Arisei. Now. and a holy day. and Vayizata. it will be done. 21 Telling them to observe the fourteenth and fifteenth days of Adar. the sending of portions of food to a friend. These days should be observed as days of feasting and rejoicing. the king ordered decrees that the evil plans he had plotted against the Jews be visited upon him instead. and also the ten sons of Haman were hanged on the gallows. 17 They fought their battle on the thirteenth day of the month of Adar. power and how the king appointed him to an influential position. to faithfully observe these two days. and they killed another three hundred men in Shushan. and popular among many of his brothers. But they did not pillage their property. 12 The king said to Queen Esther. and was a spokesman for peace for all of their descendants. the daughter of Avichayil. Aridata. and Mordechai the Jew. because of everything told in this letter. 8 Porata. 31 The purpose of the second letter was to ensure that the days of Purim be kept at their proper times. 3 Mordechai the Jew was viceroy to King Achashvairosh. had planned to destroy the Jews. as established by Mordechai the Jew and Queen Esther. to terrify and destroy them. because of the pur. so they made the fifteenth day of Adar a day of feasting and celebration. 15 So the Jews of Shushan gathered again on the fourteenth day of Adar. and gifts to poor people. and as accepted by all Jews on themselves and their descendants. persecutor of the Jews. as written. 26 That's why these days are called Purim. 16 The Jews in the rest of the empire also gathered to defend themselves and get peace from their enemies. sending portions of food to each other. 24 For Haman the son of Hamdata. "If it pleases the king. So they made the fourteenth day of Adar a day of feasting and celebration. 22 as the days that the Jews rested from their opponents. 9 Parmashta. the Agagite. 30 They sent copies of the letter to all the Jews throughout the one hundred twenty-seven provinces of Achashvairosh's empire. and he and his sons were hanged on the gallows. 27 the Jews established and firmly accepted for themselves and for their descendants. 32 Esther's statements confirmed the Holiday of Purim. Adalya. but they did not pillage their property. a lottery. feasting. may the Jews of Shushan have tomorrow also. used their authority to write a command that the Jews should obey this second Purim letter. and for anyone who might convert to Judaism. with the same rules as today? And also. Dalfon. are all written in the book of chronicles of the Kings of Media and Persia. whether nearby or distant. persecutor of the Jews. 11 They notified the king of the death toll in Shushan Capital the same day it occurred." 13 Esther replied. and at the right times. and they rested on the fourteenth. "In Shushan Capital the Jews killed and destroyed five hundred men. Aridei. the son of Hamdata. 25 But when Esther came to the king.Parshandata. and the month that was reversed from sorrow to joy. and everything that Mordechai had written to them. Purim is Ratified 29 The next year. as well as the ten sons of Haman. Chapter 10 Epilogue 1 King Achashvairosh imposed a tax on the land and on the islands. you will be given. and sent copies to all the Jews in all the provinces of King Achashvairosh's empire. each and every year. 20 Mordechai wrote down the details of all these events. the fasts and the prayers as well. great among Jews. and because of what came to them. 23 The Jews all agreed to continue observing what they had already begun to observe. 10 the ten sons of Haman. and because of everyone's personal experiences in these events. Aspata. Queen Esther.
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