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B Yeats was a lawyer and his mother Susan Pollexfen was the daughter of a rich shipping family in Sligo. Yeats father decided to become an artist and the family moved to London in 1867 However Yeats spent his vacation with the pollexfen in sligo where his consciousness developed. He loved landscape, delighted in the family lore of his grand-fathers servants and the neighbouring cottagers. Yeats was attracted by the sea and the super natural element associated with it. Yeats was not a good student academically. He was not good at spellings, he was conscious of the fact that he could not go to university because his classic nor his mathematics was good enough for any examination. But the greatest irony is he grew to be one of the most learned among English or Irish poets. There was an inner yearning for wisdom. Yeats visited many literary societies. In 1887 Yeats joined the Hermetic Students in London. By this time Yeats had also developed a habit of composing his poems and reciting them. Yeats also started reading manuals published by the Theosophical society which he joined in 1888. This society was presided over by Madam Blavatsky. About her Yeats said “Her imagination contained all the folklore of the world.” Here Yeats also met a visiting Indian Brahmin –Mohini Chatterjee . Yeats attended her lectures on theosophy and Indian philosophy in London and Dublin. Yeats was much impressed and later acknowledged the debt in poems titled “Mohini Chatterjee” Yeats also met – John O‟ Leary, the once exiled Fenian Leader who had returned to Ireland and presided over the meetings of young Ireland society. Leary‟s patriotism and lofty idealism
Thereafter the achievements of the period begin to dwindle and fade out gradually. From 2000 B.C Peak period A. An “objective” era has the outwardlooking mind and a “subjective” has a inward looking mind as its dominant characteristic. According to Yeats each era lasts for 2000 years. he believed was the peak or the golden period of a particular civilization. Each era is followed by another having completely opposite qualities. Helen was born. the last few decades signifying the break-up or scattering on an era.C to A. with its beauty and completeness. and of-course exceptions in each case. and the nature of this union determines the quality of ensuing civilization.D 1 The middle period of a civilization or roughly about 1000 yrs.D 1 The Graeco-Roman civilization began with Zeus (divine) attacking and raping lead (human). At the peak of this civilization is the great art „in Phidias Ionic and Doric . and for this he used the symbol of full moon.Yeats’s Philosophy of History An important section in A VISION deals with yeats‟s philosophy of history that forms the background of many of his poem. At the beginning of each era there is a magical union of the divine with the human. The beginning and expansion of a civilization he pictures in the diagram of cone with the narrow end as the starting point thus: 2000 B. including “Leda and the Swan” and “The Second Coming”. although there are degrees of objectivity and subjectivity.
mastered) with adjectives and descriptive words that indicate Leda's weakness and helplessness (caressed. Yeats combines words indicating powerful action (sudden blow. loosening) thus increasing the sensory impact of the poem. the sonnet is remarkable. burning. "Leda and the Swan" represents something like its beginning. beating. as Yeats understands it. The details of the story of the Trojan War are quite elaborate: briefly. Clytemnestra. after the war.Leda and the Swan Like "The Second Coming. the burning roof and tower. raped by the god Zeus in the form of a swan." "Leda and the Swan" describes a moment that represented a change of era in Yeats historical model of gyres. which hatched into Clytemnestra and Helen and the war-gods Castor and Polydeuces--and thereby brought about the Trojan War ("The broken wall. As an aesthetic experience. the Greek Helen. the most beautiful woman in the world. terrified." "Leda and the Swan" is valuable more for its powerful and evocative language--which manages to imagine vividly such a bizarre phenomenon as a girl's rape by a massive swan--than for its place in Yeats's occult history of the world. / And Agamemnon dead"). Here. shudder. But where "The second Coming" represents (in Yeats conception) the end of modern history. the wife of the Greek leader Agamemnon. she laid eggs. had her husband murdered. . his mystical theory of the universe. helpless. beating. Also like "The Second Coming. however. staggering. which he offers in A Vision. mastered. vague. so the Greeks besieged the city of Troy. the "history" of Leda is that. was kidnapped by the Trojans. it is important to know only the war's lasting impact: it brought about the end of the ancient mythological era and the birth of modern history.
the rulers of the world were caught up in imperialism and expanding circles of power to the point where they would do almost anything to accomplish their goals. The ruthless power mongers were outspoken and numerous. The poem is in two stanzas: the first one describes the world in chaos.The Second Coming INTRODUCTION: Some of Yeats' poetry was not acceptable to people. The world had never seen destruction of the likes of World War I. The problem was evident to Yeats 80 years ago. People found his interest in mysticism and the occult to be peculiar behavioral characteristics." Line 2 hints at technology progressing beyond mankind's ability to control it." No one is innocent anymore. the "shape with lion body and head of a man" ." and "Mere anarchy is loosed upon the world. and there seemed to be few who dared to speak out against them in the name of peace. Yeats shows his concern that technology has advanced to the point where mankind can do a great deal of harm with relative ease. many people feared the poem. He sees a sphinx. In the second stanza. and the problem has worsened since then. because of its controversial topic: the second coming of Christ. For example. and most people were shocked at the extensive loss of human life during the war. and it must be the second coming of Christ. and the end of civilization right along with Him. the speaker believes something is revealed to the world. things are not what they ought to be. or Judgment Day. "things fall apart. because of his idiosyncratic beliefs. and when he wrote The Second Coming. The speaker sees a sight "out of Spiritus Mundi. because "the ceremony of innocence is drowned." or out of the Christian beliefs. In the time that Yeats speaks of. and the second describes what the speaker thinks is the reason. In the first stanza.
the Irish and the British Yeats literary career hangs between the span of Irish war of independence to Second World War (1939-1945). . Although the major events of his life did had the influence of war. His work like “The Second Coming” “Easter” (1916) “Leda and the Swan” [as the metaphor of swan being as the invading English occupier and the girl as ravished Ireland] “The Tower” “Meditation in time of civil war” The Tower Are unavoidably political poetry.The years following 1923 were spent healing wounds and mounting the framework for a welfare state. His meeting with Maud Gonne . Yeats could not escape the radical changes that his country under went in 1920s. Yeats works were not much influenced by the war scenario. Yeats is also poisoned between the two. Like Walcott. the love of his life was somewhere in connection to the Irish war of independence.CONCLUSION W. which further resulted in coming of the love poems.B Yeats was like one of the canonical modernist writer who has been longing for a past and a vision for future.
wikipedia.B Yeats: A Critical Biography By: Terrence Brown An Autobiography :W.BIBLIOGRAPHY: W.com www.B Yeats Doaba Publication A Collection of Poetry: W.B Yeats Cambridge university press The Life of W.B Yeats www.jstor.scribd.com www.com www.B Yeats By: W.literaryhistory.com .
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