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JOINT SPECIAL ENVOY OF

TTIETUNITED$M'

KOFIANNAN

AND THE LEAGUE OF ARAB

BRIEFING TO THE SECURITY COIJNCIL
24 APRTL?OI2
Madam President,
speak to you today at an important j uncture in our common efforts to bring an end to violence and abuses in Syria and launch a political process that can bring an end to the crisis

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through peaceful means. I therefore appreciate this opportunity to brief the Council'

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Lelme first thank the Security Council for its very strong support. Your quick and unanimous decisions to authorize the deployment of an Advance Team, and to establish the United Nations Supervision Mission, have shown the determination of the international community to meet the challenge of bringing a peaceful end to the Syrian crisis'

I wish to warmly thank Secretary-General Ban and Secretary-General el-Araby for tl-reir continued support for my efforts. I have been intensively engaged with a number of key leaders in the regiorrand intemafionally, and thank them for their continued support as well. I greatly valued the backing and counsel I received when I attended the meeting of the Ministerial

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Committee of the Arab League in Doha last week.

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We must ensure that the momenturn generated by the Couacil's speedy decision is not 1ost. The expeditiorrs deployment of UNSMIS, subject to assessment by the Secretary-General of the situatio; on the ground, is cruciai- The support of member states to the Mission, in particular through the rapid seiondment of military obs^erv".s, will greatly contribute to the success of these efforts.

Allow me to share with the Council my overall assessment of tbe sihration and ro draw the lbk between the challenges on the gound, the deployment of the Mission, and the broader political objectives I have in mind.

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Madam Presidenr The secretary-General, in his letter to the council requesting the deployment ofthe Mission, made clear that the situation in S1'ria continues to be unacceptable. It is entirely contrary to the will of the intemational community and to the interests of the Syrian people. The Syrian authorities must implement their commitments in firll, and a cessation of violence in all its forms musl be respected b.v all parties.

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Deputy Special Envoy Jean-Marie Gu6bermo briefed you on 19 April on the lull in fighting that was achieved after 12 April, and the subsequent leports of escalation, including slielling and violence in Homs. Since that briefing, reports of violence have continued. Without

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comprehensive monitoring of the sihration, it is difficult to assess the level ofviolence, but the available reports suggest that, taken as a whole, the level ofviolence has decreased across the period since 12 April - this, however, does not cover the spike in violence reported yesterday. The peacekeeping department is updating you on the latest work ofthe Advance Team, which is not yet in a position to monitor meaningfully the situation throughout the country. I would like to take this opportunity to commend Herv6 Ladsous, the Under-Secretary-General for Peacekeeping Operatioirs, and his staffat the Department ofPeacekeeping Operations, for their swift deployment of the Advance Team under difficult circumstances and at a critical time.

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In areas where observers have visited, including Homs, there has largely been calm and quiet alongside their presence on the ground. However, I am concemed by media reports that, before and after Observer visits, govemment troops have been active in civilian areas and launched attacks. I am particularly alarmed by reports that government toops entered Hama yesterday after observers departed, firing automatic weapons and killing a significant number of people. If confirmed, this is totally unacceptable and reprehensible. Two obsewers have been stationed in Hama today.

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I also continue to be concerned about reports of military actions in areas where the Advance Team has not been present in recent days, such as Idlib and Deraa govemorates, and stress that t1le Govemment cannot qease action in one area to resume it in another- For its part, the Government continues to provide me with reports of attacks by armed groups inside the
country, including bombings and anned attacks on soldiers and public propedy.

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I have important information to share with you. On 21 April, the Syrian Foreign Minister informed me that, and I quote, "the withdrawal of massed troops and. heaw weapons fio around population centres is now complete and militarv operd been issued.that troops aro not to be moved to pepul4liqnrgqtg!." (end of quote) I was further informed that, and I quote, ' the task of maintainin bv the police and the forces of law and order. which will exercise self-restraint". while "the Armv ard Armed Forces stand ready to defend the national territory and borders asainst anv (end of quote). The letter attack from any quarter and to @ completed implementation of items informed me of the Syrian Govemment's view that it had 2(a)(b ) and (o ofthe six-poinL plan.
I have written to the Syrian Govemment taking note of this letter. I stated that their communication, and I quote, ' meals ttrat troops snoUa heaw weapons in storage rather than opgl4!ie!41!ydgp1QJgd." (end of quote) I further noted that my understanding of their communication is, and I quote,'that those involve
response" (.. .). That p exclude any use ofheaw weapons. which would amoun ofiisht amrs for crowd control." (end ofquote). The above communication from the Syrian Government is encouraging and should make a real difference on the ground, if it is scrupuiously applied. It should be understood that the only promises that count ari: the promises that are kept.

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13. Human rights abuses have characterized much ofthe fighting over the past thirteen months. They must come to an end. Aly cessation of adned violence must necessarily encompass a cessation ofabuses such as sunmary executions, torture, arbitrarl detentions, abductions, sexual violence and other abuses against women, children and minorities - and this applies to all sides.
Madam President,
Let me turn 1o otler elements of the six-point plan. Action remains partial. Steps taken so far do not yet amount to the full and clear signal expected from the Syrian authorities, although gqstures have been made. Since 12 April, demonstrations have increased, taking place in several centres throughout Syria, paflicularly on the Jast two Fridays. Security has been tight, and there have been unconfirmed repons ofthe use oflive fire by troops on some occasions.

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16. I have been informed by the Syrian authorities that 68 intemational joumalists have been granted visas. There does app€.u to be some increase in the operation of foreign joumalists in the country. 17. On i6 April the Syrian Covemment released a slatemenl saying that it has released 30 prisoners. They had advised they had released 97 earlier. While the Syrian Govemment agreed with the Red Cross on procedures for visits to places of detention to be put into practice with a visit to Damascus and AJeppo prisons, the status and circuristances of detainees across the country remafus unclear and there continue to be conceming reports of signifrcant abuses, The Govemment must now take a major step on the release of detainees.
The Syria Humanitarian Forum convened on 20 April in Genev4 and was attended by the Syrian Govemment. It reached consensus on the scale of humanitarian needs and the urgency of a response. Words now need to be converted into action. It is cdtical that the Govemment reach an understanding with United Nations humanitarian agencies on ways to scale up operations without funher deiay.

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Madam President,

19. As we look ro the way ahead, it is clear that no course ofaction is without risk. The challenges to ensuring a sustained cessation of hostilities are very real: Thirteen months of conflict and brutality have taken their toll. There is little tn-rst across the divide, and deep doubts remain about the genuine intent of the parties. 20- Yet the very fragiiity otthe situation underscores the need 1o put arrangements in place that ca:r a11ow impartial supervision and monitodng. Sustained pressure and engagement from a united intemational coinmunity is essential. We continue to be hampered by the lack of verified information in assessing the situation. We need eyes and ears on the ground, able to move freely . and quickly, and to engage all parties - something which must be guaranteed by the Syrian ' authorities. This will provide the incontrovertible basis the intemational community needs to act

As delivered in an effective and unified manner, increasing the momentum for a cessation ofviolence to be implemented by all sides.
Observers not only see what is going on, but their presence has the potential to change the political dyramics. In this respect, you have mandated the Mission not only to monitor a cessation of armed violence but to monitor and support fu1l implementation of the six-point plan. The plan is designed to help put an end to violenca, but not to freeze the situation and conditions on the ground. On the contrary, its implementation, supported by the Mission, should provide an enabling environment for my efforts to facilitate a genuine political process.

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In accordance with the Secretary-General's proposal and your resolution, the Mission has mandated for an initial period of90 days, and will then be the subject ofassessment and been review. That is not an open-ended exercise. The parties should understand the importance of ensuring Lhat the Mission's work is facilitated and effective. Let me stress the importance of the role of those states and voices with influence, including in the region. We need the help of many to explain the work of the Observer Mission, and to impress upon all concemed the need to cooperate with it and pursue political issues peacefully. This can help create a conducive environment for tlie Observers among all segments of Syrian society.
Madam President.

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I rum now to the polirical process. A cessalion ofviolence and action on the six-points is vital to sustain a political process. Equally, a credible political process is required ifwe are to sustain any long-term calm on the ground.

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I have stated many times what such a process should entail. It should facilitate a political transition leading to a democratic, plural political system, in which citizens are equal regardless oftheir affiliation, ethnicities or beliefs. This requires a comprehensive political dialogue between the Slrian govemment and the whole spectrum of the Syrian opposition, and the broad involvement of Syrian society. It must be inclusive, address the legitimate concems and aspirations of the Syrian people, and ensure their findamentai rights. Concems of minorities should be addressed and particular attention should be given to ensuring their protection and
rights.

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In this regard, I will approach the Syrian Govemment at an appropriate time as part of concerted preparations for an all-inclusive, Syrian-led political process, and I will request the President of Sgia to appoint an empowered interlocutor.

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We have also intensified our engagement with the opposition. It is vital that the opposition will be able to engage effectively in a political process. We are working with members of the opposition to help them become more inclusive and representative in their structllles and decision-making, in particular, through our recent work with the Syrian National Council.

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consultations with representatives of ln the coming weeks, we will continue to intensify transitiorrthrough a process of dialogue and the Syrian parties on how to ""ftl"te " t'"afUle we and a broad range of opposition groups' mediation. In addition to ".rgugiog,rr" Govemment tod religious gtoups and others Our will also engage with civ *""i"'i,'i*r"Ji"g *o-"n'' will be truly inciusive' involving broad facilitation olthis process ofpolitical dialogue in the region and intemationally' across Syrian tS"ittv *a *ltft stakeholders

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Madam President
year' taking us to this bloody road has been trodden for more than a chailenges ahead. Reported events ir-I" ul.^t'rlr#i"" on ir.," g-""a and the p"r", w" if our effort to create a sustainod u ,"-iiiJi"i,fr" tittrifr", syrians face in Hama yesterduy Bt't *" hut'e also seen events change - at least cessation ofviol"n"a ao"' "ol'u""""d' significantly in response to the presence of a temporarily - in go-., *tt"t" "ioi*"t Itut a'opp"d t'"-inao of the possibilities at hand - that there is very small numb". orotr"*J.r. irri, ir^J.o u the of violence, ti'ough both the deployment of ifr" a chance to expand and "essation parties' and ulited intemational pressure on the mission, and tttno,rgtt

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In Slria,

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trying t() build could never be Perfecr - and Under the circumstances, the peace we are. than ii syria. But if we iucceed, the prospects are far betterwe we have a1r been shocked But severely - close to its limits' any promised through war' O* ntti""* 1t91.bee1f3ted of pottibifity for the parties to implement a cessation have also seen signs that theiJ"tf'" crisis' We must now pto"ess and peacefrrl wav out of the violence, which can lead to " poil'i"if a role to play' ' Fit we all have strengthen the conditions r"l

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qe lt is a deeply troubling situation that

every4hing in our power to tftut trtit *ou-ff*tail foi its people no\l' and human rights demards that we act

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to do [ace' but rve have a supreme responsibiliry d9lend ints even deeper conflict' with all ""iand the region' our cornmifinent to peace

swift action in authorizing the uC1i1 Therefore, I thank and applaud you once fol "n* engage in a concerted' sustained t"t utt of ''t' *ith inflience deployment of th" m" conllict the need to commit and and joirt push fb, p"u"", pt"tiiog"l'p"" my mediation '" govemments to.support the peace efforts and implement the peace plan' I urgJali achieving their goals tigrrr-clirection and to use rheir inllu"""" lead to a stable' democratic Syria' tlrough peaceful ,,t"*' u"i u pofiti"Jf aiaog"t,tftut-would of law and human rights' ii""t.;;iespe"t for the

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been to the brave men and women that have We owe this to the people of Syria' and vital endeavor' deploy"d una are about to be deployed to this

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Thank You, Madam President'

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