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Om Sri MahaaGanapathaye Namah Om Sri Gurubhyo Namah Om Rishibhyo Namah

Tarpana for Devas, Rishis and Pitris
Regular Procedure

By P.V.R. Narasimha Rao (www.VedicAstrologer.org)
Date of current version: 2008 August 11

Introduction

External rituals are meant to create the internal visualization needed to affect desirable internal changes
in the long run. For example, one offers a full coconut into fire as poornaahuti (complete offering) at the
end of a homam (fire ritual). This is symbolic of surrendering one’s head or ego (sense of I-ness) to god
and burning it in the fire of wisdom and becoming free from ego. As one keeps engaging in this act again
and again, the visualization becomes stronger and stronger and ego is slowly reduced.

One important ritual of Sanatana Dharma (Hinduism) is tarpana. Tarpana means “satisfying” or
“satiating”. One acknowledges the debt one has to devas (gods), rishis (sages) and pitris (ancestral
manes) and tries to satisfy them using this ritual. Just as gods are invoked in fire in a homam, pitris are
invoked in water in this ritual, then held in the palm and released in a specific way conducive to freeing
them.

One owes a lot to one’s parents and ancestors. In modern scientific terms, one owes all of one’s genetic
characteristics to one’s parents and ancestors. Each ancestor is actually present in the person as a
genetic characteristic. In karmik terms, one inherits some karmas of one’s parents and ancestors and
each ancestor is actually present in the person as a kaarmik predisposition. The latter approach obviously
extends to multiple lives and some karmik predisposition is inherited from the ancestors from a past life
too, though they may not be related to one in this life.

By thinking of the deceased ancestors with gratitude and trying to give them an emancipation, one is
actually trying to free oneself from various kaarmic predispositions that one has as a result of the rina
(karmik debt) with several people. One can view this as an external event of satisfying and emancipating
an external entity (a pitri). Alternately, one can view this as an internal event of satisfying and releasing an
internal kaarmik predisposition. Ultimately, it is the latter. However, one needs to externalize first and
perform external rituals, while thinking of what it means internally. This builds up one’s visualization and
slowly brings about internal changes and eventually the desired internal change itself. One with living
parents also can perform pitri tarpanas for departed ancestors of this life and previous lives.

Two external spiritual sadhanas are particularly powerful, useful and recommended for every person
desirous of fast spiritual progress:

(1) Homam (fire ritual): Gods are invoked in fire and satisfied with offerings with mantras. Please see the
homam website at http://www.VedicAstrologer.org/homam for more. In the long run, a regular practice of
this ritual increases the subtle fire burning inside one’s subtle body, burns various impediments to spiritual
progress and gives clarity, focus and stability to the mind.
(2) Tarpana (water ritual): Gods, sages and manes are invoked in water and satisfied with emancipation
given to them. In the long run, a regular practice of this ritual increases the release of various kaarmik
predispositions and weaknesses that are blocking one’s spiritual and material progress.

This document describes the procedure of pitri tarpana with the relevant mantras using a simple
approach. This document is the regular procedure. There are also documents giving a short procedure
and a super-short procedure for the benefit of those with time constraints. Download them from
http://www.VedicAstrologer.org/tarpana.

When to Perform Tarpana

Tarpana can be performed on any day. In fact, it can be performed everyday also. If that is not possible,
one can consider performing it every week or every fortnight or at least every month. One can perform
this anywhere, but ideally not in the living area of one’s house where people may sleep. It is fine to do it
the front yard or back yard or balcony or terrace of one’s house. Amavasya (new Moon) day or eclipse
day or a Vyatipata yoga day and sankranthi (solar ingress) day or pitri paksha are very good times for
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performing tarpana. At those times, tarpana can be performed inside one’s house also.

There are some restrictions. Tarpana with water containing sesame seeds (which is needed for pitris)
should not be performed:

(1) on a Sunday that has saptami tithi (7th day of the lunar fortnight),
(2) on a Friday that has a nanda tithi (1st, 6th and 11th tithis of the lunar fortnights),
(3) on a Sunday with Moon in Bharani, Krittika or Magha nakshatra, and,
(4) on one’s birthday.

On these days, tarpanas not requiring water with sesame seed can be performed, but not the ones
requiring water with sesame seeds.

Materials Needed

One needs the following materials:

(1) Water pot made ideally of gold, silver, copper, bronze, brass or panchalohas (five metals). It should
ideally not be made of iron, steel or clay. However, it is better to make compromises when you have no
suitable pot, than skipping the ritual altogether.
(2) Some akshatas made by mixing uncooked plain white (or brown) rice grains with turmeric powder and
a drop of ghee (clarified butter) or an oil. In the absence of turmeric powder, just plain rice grains can be
used as akshatas. In the absence of rice grains, use a grain that is locally popular and available.
(3) Black sesame seeds. Try your best to get them. If you cannot get them, use white or brown sesame
seeds as a substitute. If you cannot get any of them, use akshatas (see (2) above) instead of sesame
seeds.
(4) Darbhas or kushas, a sacred grass. Each darbha has a sharp edge and a base. You need to hold
three of them in your right palm, while holding and leaving water. If you do not have darbha, use a locally
available grass. If that cannot be done, just ignore darbhas in all directions and proceed without them.
(5) A ring made of darbha, known as pavitram, is to be worn on the right hand ring finger during the ritual.
If that is not available, it is acceptable to wear any ring made of any gemstone or gold or silver. So wear
some ring on the right hand ring finger. If that is not possible, proceed without it.

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Sankalpam (vow)

While sitting cross-legged, the empty left-hand palm is placed on the right knee with the palm facing up.
Some akshatas are taken in the right hand, it is closed and the closed fist of the right hand is placed on
the left palm with the palm of the closed right fist facing down (towards the left hand palm). The following
is recited to take a sankalpa (vow) to perform this ritual. It means “on this auspicious day and auspicious
time, I shall perform tarpana to Devas, Rishis and Pitris to the best of my ability”. After reciting it, the
akshatas are dropped on the ground in front of one.

:. oc¸ ´.:: c¯. ´.:: ´.::´.:c¸ c´.c¸¯.s¸'.,s¸c¸. c´.c¸¯.s¸sc¸e¯.: c::ç·´.c¸ cc¯.¸ .

Deva Tarpana

The first to be performed is Deva Tarpana, satiation of various gods who run this universe. They are also
microcosmically present in each person as various good qualities inside that person. Place the water pot
in front of you. Sit facing the east direction. The right knee should be in contact with the ground,
while the left knee should be out of contact with the ground (i.e. place the left leg over right leg so
that left knee is a little above the ground). Put some akshatas in the water pot, hold the water pot on
the right hand palm, cover it with the left hand palm and say the following to request the presence of
gods, rishis etc in that water pot. It means “may Brahma etc gods and Kashyapa etc sages, may all the
great ones who live in the stomach of the cosmic egg of creation come here”.

:,´._cc:: ´.:c· ´.c¸ :::´.c:: c´.¸.·cc:: . ÷c.¸.s: ´.:´.:·c· :,´._.c`cc´.c¸´. ..

Now say the following mantras once each. Pour some water with the left hand into the open right palm.
You can pour directly from the pot or use a spoon to pour. Once water is poured into the right palm, say
one mantra and release the water. The water should be released such that it falls out of the right
hand palm from the tips of the four fingers, i.e. from the area marked as “1” in the picture. If you
have 3 darbhas, place them on the right hand palm with the tips of the darbhas aligned with the tips of
fingers. You may insert them in a ring or something to force them to stay on the palm and not move off. If
you do not have darbhas, do not worry.

If you are performing this in a river, you can stand in the river, make a bowl (an anjali) with both the palms
joined together, take water in that bowl, raise the hands as high as you can, say the mantra and then drop
the water via the tips of the fingers of both hands.

:. :,´._ s¸´.¸s·¯.: . :. ¯´.:¸ s¸´.¸s·¯.: . :. c:c, s¸´.¸s·¯.: . :. ´.,æ·´.ð s¸´.¸s·¯.: .
:. c.· s¸´.¸.s·¯.: . :. c´.¸ s¸´.¸.s·¯.: . :. ´.´.´. s¸´.¸.s·¯.: . :. c:c·, s¸´.¸.s·¯.: . :. ÷cs·¸
s¸´.¸.s·¯.: . :. ..c·.¯. s¸´.¸.s·¯.: . :. ¯.c· s¸´.¸.s·¯.: . :. :::´.c:: s¸´.¸.s·¯.: . :. c.cc·¸
s¸´.¸.s·¯.: . :. o´.¸c´. s¸´.¸.s·¯.: . :. c.·´.:c· s¸´.¸.s·¯.: . :. .·c· s¸´.¸.s·¯.: . :. `·cc·
s¸´.¸.s·¯.: . :. ´.c¸s· s¸´.¸.s·¯.: . :. ´.cs s¸´.¸.s·¯.: . :. ´.:´.:.·¸ s¸´.¸.s·¯.: . :. c::_·
s¸´.¸.s·¯.: . :. c_·.¯. s¸´.¸.s·¯.: . :. ¯..·.· s¸´.¸.s·¯.: . :. ´.:´.c·¸ s¸´.¸.s·¯.: . :. ::s·¯
s¸´.¸.s·¯.: . :. ´.´.´. s¸´.¸.s·¯.: . :. ´.´.´.¸sc:: s¸´.¸.s·¯.: . :. :´.cc:: s¸´.¸.s·¯.: .

Rishi Tarpana

You need to continue to sit facing east with the right knee in contact with earth. You need to use
the water containing akshatas and do the same way as in Deva tarpana. Use the following mantras.

:. c´.¸´.: s¸´.¸s·¯.: . :. oð,: s¸´.¸s·¯.: . :. ´.¯.´.: s¸´.¸s·¯.: . :. ¯.·¸¯:s,: s¸´.¸s·¯.: . :. cs´.::
s¸´.¸s·¯.: . :. :cc·¸æ: s¸´.¸s·¯.: . :. æ´.:cc¸: s¸´.¸s·¯.: . :. o.cc·: s¸´.¸s·¯.: . :. c:s¸:
s¸´.¸s·¯.: . :. :¸c:: s¸´.¸s·¯.: .
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Change of Sacred Thread and Sitting Style

Now sit facing the north direction. If you are wearing the sacred thread, wear it like a necklace.
Normally, sacred thread for men is worn above the shoulder on the left and below the shoulder (i.e. at the
hip level) on the right. However, wear it like a normal necklace now, around the neck. Change its position
without removing it from the body. Sit without touching either knee to the ground, i.e. with raised
knees.

Divya Manushya Tarpana

Now offerings are made to some divine men. While saying the following mantras, leave water from
the area below the base of the little finger of the right hand, i.e. the area marked as “2” in the
picture. Pour water in the right palm, say a mantra and leave the water sideways through the portion
below the little finger. If you have 3 darbhas in your hand, place them on the little finger, with the tips of
darbhas aligned with the tip of little finger. Water should fall touching the middle of the darbhas as it
leaves the palm in area “2”.

:. ´.´.c: s¸´.¸s·¯.: . :. ´.´.c: s¸´.¸s·¯.: . :. ´.´..c: s¸´.¸s·¯.: . :. ´.´..c: s¸´.¸s·¯.: . :. ´..·s´.:
s¸´.¸s·¯.: . :. ´..·s´.: s¸´.¸s·¯.: . :. ´.´.s:¸´.:c: s¸´.¸s·¯.: . :. ´.´.s:¸´.:c: s¸´.¸s·¯.: . :. c¯.c:
s¸´.¸s·¯.: . :. c¯.c: s¸´.¸s·¯.: . :. ÷´.:c: s¸´.¸s·¯.: . :. ÷´.:c: s¸´.¸s·¯.: . :. .`c:: s¸´.¸s·¯.: .
:. .`c:: s¸´.¸s·¯.: . :. ´...`»: s¸´.¸s·¯.: . :. ´...`»: s¸´.¸s·¯.: .

Some changes before the next sections

Sit facing the south direction. If you are wearing the sacred thread, wear it in reverse. In other
words, wear it now above the shoulder on the right and below the shoulder (i.e. at the hip level) on the
left. Change its position without removing it from the body. The left knee should be in contact with the
ground, while the right knee should be above the ground and not touching it. So sit with the left leg
on the ground and the right leg on top of left leg. Pour some black sesame seeds in the water pot.

The style of releasing water from now onwards: Take some water, hold it in the right palm, say each
mantra and release it sideways from the area below the base of the index finger, i.e. from the area
marked as “3” in the picture. Three offerings are made with each mantra now. If you have 3 darbhas in
your hand, place them on the index finger, with the tips of darbhas aligned with the tip of the index finger.
Water should be touching the base of darbhas as it leaves the palm. If you do not have darbhas, do not
worry.

Divya Pitri Tarpana

Now offerings are made to some divine spirits. These four mantras are for the fire god (who carries the
burnt), water god (who carries the drowned), lord Yama (keeper of dharma and judge of people’s karmas)
and lord Aryaman (ruler of the domain of souls). Release water (in the style previously mentioned)
whenever you encounter a number.

:. oc¸: s¸´.¸s·¯.: µc. ´.9c. æc. s_¯._ ´.¸c· ´.´.::..o.. s_¯._ ´.¸c· ´.´.::..... s_¯._ ´.¸c· ´.´.::..-..
:. `·´.:: s¸´.¸s·¯.: µc. ´.9c. æc. s_¯._ ´.¸c· ´.´.::..o.. s_¯._ ´.¸c· ´.´.::..... s_¯._ ´.¸c· ´.´.::..-..
:. c::´.:: s¸´.¸s·¯.: µc. ´.9c. æc. s_¯._ ´.¸c· ´.´.::..o.. s_¯._ ´.¸c· ´.´.::..... s_¯._ ´.¸c· ´.´.::..-..
:. oc¸´.:: s¸´.¸s·¯.: µc. ´.9c. æc. s_¯._ ´.¸c· ´.´.::..o.. s_¯._ ´.¸c· ´.´.::..... s_¯._ ´.¸c· ´.´.::..-..

Next 3 mantras are for all the manes that were burnt by fire or carried by water or elevated beings that
just left the body.

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:. oc¸´.: ÷s·¸ ¯.sc s¸´.¸.s·¯.: µc. ´.9c. æc. s:¸ ´.¸c· ´.´.:..o.. s:¸ ´.¸c· ´.´.:..... s:¸
´.¸c· ´.´.:..-..
:. `·´.:.·: ¯.sc: s¸´.¸.s·¯.: µc. ´.9c. æc. s:¸: ´.¸c· ´.´.::..o.. s:¸: ´.¸c· ´.´.::..... s:¸: ´.¸c·
´.´.::..-..
:. :c¸´.c: ¯.sc: s¸´.¸.s·¯.: µc. ´.9c. æc. s:¸: ´.¸c· ´.´.::..o.. s:¸: ´.¸c· ´.´.::..... s:¸: ´.¸c·
´.´.::..-..

Yama Tarpana

These are offerings to Lord Yama, who is the keeper of dharma and judge of people’s karmas. Release
water (in the style previously mentioned) whenever you encounter a namah.

:. c::´.:c:: ´.´.:: . :. c::´.:c:: ´.´.:: . :. c::´.:c:: ´.´.:: .
:. cc_c·æ·c:: ´.´.:: . :. cc_c·æ·c:: ´.´.:: . :. cc_c·æ·c:: ´.´.:: .
:. ´.:¸s¸¯. ´.´.:: . :. ´.:¸s¸¯. ´.´.:: . :. ´.:¸s¸¯. ´.´.:: .
:. o.sc·c:: ´.´.:: . :. o.sc·c:: ´.´.:: . :. o.sc·c:: ´.´.:: .
:. _¯.´.´.¸s·c:: ´.´.: . :. _¯.´.´.¸s·c:: ´.´.: . :. _¯.´.´.¸s·c:: ´.´.: .
:. c·c·c:: ´.´.:: . :. c·c·c:: ´.´.:: . :. c·c·c:: ´.´.:: .
:. ´.c¸::s_c::c:: ´.´.:: . :. ´.c¸::s_c::c:: ´.´.:: . :. ´.c¸::s_c::c:: ´.´.:: .
:. ¯c:´.:¸c·c:: ´.´.:: . :. ¯c:´.:¸c·c:: ´.´.:: . :. ¯c:´.:¸c·c:: ´.´.:: .
:. cc·¸c:: ´.´.:: . :. cc·¸c:: ´.´.:: . :. cc·¸c:: ´.´.:: .
:. ¯c·c:: ´.´.:: . :. ¯c·c:: ´.´.:: . :. ¯c·c:: ´.´.:: .
:. ´.c¯.:¯.¯. ´.´.: . :. ´.c¯.:¯.¯. ´.´.: . :. ´.c¯.:¯.¯. ´.´.: .
:. ´.¸c`cc·c:: ´.´.:: . :. ´.¸c`cc·c:: ´.´.:: . :. ´.¸c`cc·c:: ´.´.:: .
:. ¨s·,c:: ´.´.:: . :. ¨s·,c:: ´.´.:: . :. ¨s·,c:: ´.´.:: .
:. ¨s,c:.·¸c:: ´.´.:: . :. ¨s,c:.·¸c:: ´.´.:: . :. ¨s,c:.·¸c:: ´.´.:: .

Pitri Tarpana

These are offerings to various deceased ancestors of various lives. First place the water pot in front of
you, bow to it and say the following. This means “may my ancestors come here and accept my water
oblations”.

:. ÷c.¸.s: ¯.: ¯.sc: µ´.:. c¸´.¸.s: æc·.æ9¯.: .

Use the following mantras and release water 3 times or one time with each mantra on encountering
numbers, in the style previously mentioned. Please note that 3 offerings are made to 3 generations of
maternal and paternal ancestors, while only one offering is made to other people.

These are generic mantras to cover all people who have a strong kaarmik connection to you, either in
this life or the ones before. These mantras are applicable to all, irrespective of whether any of one’s
parents and other relations are alive or not.

To beings who played the role of father in various lives to you:
´.:´.: ´.c¸æ¯._´.: ¯.sc: s¸´.¸.s·¯.: µc. ðc`cc. ´.¸c·c:::¸: s:¸: ´.¸c· ´.´.:: ..o.. s:¸: ´.¸c· ´.´.:: .....
s:¸: ´.¸c· ´.´.:: ..-..

To beings who played the role of father’s father in various lives to you:
´.:´.: ´.c¸æ¯._´.: ¯.s·´.:´.: s¸´.¸.s·¯.: µc. ðc`cc. ´.¸c·c:::¸: s:¸: ´.¸c· ´.´.:: ..o.. s:¸: ´.¸c· ´.´.::
..... s:¸: ´.¸c· ´.´.:: ..-..
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To beings who played the role of father’s father’s father in various lives to you:
´.:´.: ´.c¸æ¯._´.: ´.,¯.s·´.:´.: s¸´.¸.s·¯.: µc. ðc`cc. ´.¸c·c:::¸: s:¸: ´.¸c· ´.´.:: ..o.. s:¸: ´.¸c·
´.´.:: ..... s:¸: ´.¸c· ´.´.:: ..-..

To beings who played the role of mother in various lives to you:
´.:´.: ´.c¸æ¯._´.: ´.:sc: s¸´.¸.s·¯.: µc. ðc`cc. ´.¸c·c:::¸: s·:¸: ´.¸c· ´.´.:: ..o.. s·:¸: ´.¸c· ´.´.::
..... s·:¸: ´.¸c· ´.´.:: ..-..

To beings who played the role of father’s mother in various lives to you:
´.:´.: ´.c¸æ¯._´.: ¯.s·´.:´.¸: s¸´.¸.s·¯.: µc. ðc`cc. ´.¸c·c:::¸: s·:¸: ´.¸c· ´.´.:: ..o.. s·:¸: ´.¸c·
´.´.:: ..... s·:¸: ´.¸c· ´.´.:: ..-..

To beings who played the role of father’s father’s mother in various lives to you:
´.:´.: ´.c¸æ¯._´.: ´.,¯.s·´.:´.¸: s¸´.¸.s·¯.: µc. ðc`cc. ´.¸c·c:::¸: s·:¸: ´.¸c· ´.´.:: ..o.. s·:¸: ´.¸c·
´.´.:: ..... s·:¸: ´.¸c· ´.´.:: ..-..

To beings who played the role of wife in various lives to you:
´.:´.: ´.c¸æ¯._´.: ´.s¸¸: s¸´.¸.s·¯.: µc. ðc`cc. ´.¸c·c:::¸: s·:¸: ´.¸c· ´.´.:: ..o..

To beings who played the role of husband in various lives to you:
´.:´.: ´.c¸æ¯._´.: ´.sc::: s¸´.¸.s·¯.: µc. ðc`cc. ´.¸c·c:::¸: s:¸: ´.¸c· ´.´.:: ..o..

To beings who played the role of son in various lives to you:
´.:´.: ´.c¸æ¯._´.: ´.¸s·,: s¸´.¸.s·¯.: µc. ðc`cc. ´.¸c·c:::¸: s:¸: ´.¸c· ´.´.:: ..o..

To beings who played the role of daughter in various lives to you:
´.:´.: ´.c¸æ¯._´.: c.·¸: s¸´.¸.s·¯.: µc. ðc`cc. ´.¸c·c:::¸: s·:¸: ´.¸c· ´.´.:: ..o..

To beings who played the role of step-mother in various lives to you:
´.:´.: ´.c¸æ¯._´.: `·´.s¸´.:sc: s¸´.¸.s·¯.: µc. ðc`cc. ´.¸c·c:::¸: s·:¸: ´.¸c· ´.´.:: ..o..

To beings who played the role of mother’s father in various lives to you:
´.:´.: ´.c¸æ¯._´.: ´.:s·´.:´.: s¸´.¸.s·¯.: µc. ðc`cc. ´.¸c·c:::¸: s:¸: ´.¸c· ´.´.:: ..o.. s:¸: ´.¸c·
´.´.:: ..... s:¸: ´.¸c· ´.´.:: ..-..

To beings who played the role of mother’s father’s father in various lives to you:
´.:´.: ´.c¸æ¯._´.: ´.,´.:s·´.:´.: s¸´.¸.s·¯.: µc. ðc`cc. ´.¸c·c:::¸: s:¸: ´.¸c· ´.´.:: ..o.. s:¸: ´.¸c·
´.´.:: ..... s:¸: ´.¸c· ´.´.:: ..-..

To beings who played the role of mother’s father’s father’s father in various lives to you:
´.:´.: ´.c¸æ¯._´.: ´.¸c¸´.,´.:s·´.:´.: s¸´.¸.s·¯.: µc. ðc`cc. ´.¸c·c:::¸: s:¸: ´.¸c· ´.´.:: ..o.. s:¸:
´.¸c· ´.´.:: ..... s:¸: ´.¸c· ´.´.:: ..-..

To beings who played the role of mother’s mother in various lives to you:
´.:´.: ´.c¸æ¯._´.: ´.:s·´.:´.¸: s¸´.¸.s·¯.: µc. ðc`cc. ´.¸c·c:::¸: s·:¸: ´.¸c· ´.´.:: ..o.. s·:¸: ´.¸c·
´.´.:: ..... s·:¸: ´.¸c· ´.´.:: ..-..


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To beings who played the role of mother’s father’s mother in various lives to you:
´.:´.: ´.c¸æ¯._´.: ´.,´.:s·´.:´.¸: s¸´.¸.s·¯.: µc. ðc`cc. ´.¸c·c:::¸: s·:¸: ´.¸c· ´.´.:: ..o.. s·:¸: ´.¸c·
´.´.:: ..... s·:¸: ´.¸c· ´.´.:: ..-..

To beings who played the role of mother’s father’s father’s mother in various lives to you:
´.:´.: ´.c¸æ¯._´.: ´.¸c¸´.,´.:s·´.:´.¸: s¸´.¸.s·¯.: µc. ðc`cc. ´.¸c·c:::¸: s·:¸: ´.¸c· ´.´.:: ..o.. s·:¸:
´.¸c· ´.´.:: ..... s·:¸: ´.¸c· ´.´.:: ..-..

To beings who played the role of brother in various lives to you:
´.:´.: ´.c¸æ¯._´.: :·,sc: s¸´.¸.s·¯.: µc. ðc`cc. ´.¸c·c:::¸: s:¸: ´.¸c· ´.´.:: ..o..

To beings who played the role of sister in various lives to you:
´.:´.: ´.c¸æ¯._´.: :c´.¸: s¸´.¸.s·¯.: µc. ðc`cc. ´.¸c·c:::¸: s·:¸: ´.¸c· ´.´.:: ..o..

To beings who played the role of father’s brother in various lives to you:
´.:´.: ´.c¸æ¯._´.: ¯.s¸.·¸: s¸´.¸.s·¯.: µc. ðc`cc. ´.¸c·c:::¸: s:¸: ´.¸c· ´.´.:: ..o..

To beings who played the role of mother’s brother in various lives to you:
´.:´.: ´.c¸æ¯._´.: ´.:s:c·: s¸´.¸.s·¯.: µc. ðc`cc. ´.¸c·c:::¸: s:¸: ´.¸c· ´.´.:: ..o..

To beings who played the role of step-brother in various lives to you:
´.:´.: ´.c¸æ¯._´.: `·´.s¸:·,sc: s¸´.¸.s·¯.: µc. ðc`cc. ´.¸c·c:::¸: s:¸: ´.¸c· ´.´.:: ..o..

To beings who played the role of step-sister in various lives to you:
´.:´.: ´.c¸æ¯._´.: `·´.s¸:c´.¸: s¸´.¸.s·¯.: µc. ðc`cc. ´.¸c·c:::¸: s·:¸: ´.¸c· ´.´.:: ..o..

To beings who played the role of father’s sister in various lives to you:
´.:´.: ´.c¸æ¯._´.: ¯.s¸:c´.¸: s¸´.¸.s·¯.: µc. ðc`cc. ´.¸c·c:::¸: s·:¸: ´.¸c· ´.´.:: ..o..

To beings who played the role of mother’s sister in various lives to you:
´.:´.: ´.c¸æ¯._´.: ´.:s¸:c´.¸: s¸´.¸.s·¯.: µc. ðc`cc. ´.¸c·c:::¸: s·:¸: ´.¸c· ´.´.:: ..o..

To beings who played the role of father-in-law in various lives to you:
´.:´.: ´.c¸æ¯._´.: ´.¸´.:c·: s¸´.¸.s·¯.: µc. ðc`cc. ´.¸c·c:::¸: s:¸: ´.¸c· ´.´.:: ..o..

To beings who played the role of mother-in-law in various lives to you:
´.:´.: ´.c¸æ¯._´.: ´.¸´.:c´.s¸¸: s¸´.¸.s·¯.: µc. ðc`cc. ´.¸c·c:::¸: s·:¸: ´.¸c· ´.´.:: ..o..

To beings who played the role of guru (teacher) in various lives to you:
´.:´.: ´.c¸æ¯._´.: c:c´.: s¸´.¸.s·¯.: µc. ðc`cc. ´.¸c·c:::¸: s:¸: ´.¸c· ´.´.:: ..o..

To beings who played the role of guru’s wife in various lives to you:
´.:´.: ´.c¸æ¯._´.: c:c:´.s¸¸: s¸´.¸.s·¯.: µc. ðc`cc. ´.¸c·c:::¸: s·:¸: ´.¸c· ´.´.:: ..o..

To beings who played the role of sishya (disciple) in various lives to you:
´.:´.: ´.c¸æ¯._´.: `.·¸: s¸´.¸.s·¯.: µc. ðc`cc. ´.¸c·c:::¸: s:¸: ´.¸c· ´.´.:: ..o..

To beings who played the role of friend in various lives to you:
´.:´.: ´.c¸æ¯._´.: ´.»·: s¸´.¸.s·¯.: µc. ðc`cc. ´.¸c·c:::¸: s:¸: ´.¸c· ´.´.:: ..o..

Page 8 of 9

To beings who played the role of a dear one in various lives to you:
´.:´.: ´.c¸æ¯._´.: ÷´.¸æ.·: s¸´.¸.s·¯.: µc. ðc`cc. ´.¸c·c:::¸: s:¸: ´.¸c· ´.´.:: ..o..

To beings who played the role of one born in the same lineage in various lives to you:
´.:´.: ´.c¸æ¯._´.: ´.¸c:cæ·s·: s¸´.¸.s·¯.: µc. ðc`cc. ´.¸c·c:::¸: s:¸: ´.¸c· ´.´.:: ..o..

Customization for Specific Deceased Persons

The exhaustive list above covers various people who were close to us in various lives and left a kaarmik
imprint on our soul and resulted in some kaarmik predispositions in this life. Now, if you want to offer
tarpana to a specific deceased person, use the following customization. Based on whether the deceased
is a man or woman, pick the correct mantra from below. Substitute the gotra, relation and name in the
mantra to get a customized mantra.

If the deceased person is a man from List A:
Gotra c`s, ´.:´.: Relation Name s¸´.¸s·¯.: µc. ðc`cc. s_¯._ ´.¸c· ´.´.:..o.. s_¯._ ´.¸c· ´.´.:.....
s_¯._ ´.¸c· ´.´.:..-..

If the deceased person is a woman from List A:
Gotra c`s·, ´.:´.: Relation Name s¸´.¸s·¯.: µc. ðc`cc. s_¯.¸ ´.¸c· ´.´.:..o.. s_¯.¸ ´.¸c· ´.´.:.....
s_¯.¸ ´.¸c· ´.´.:..-..

If the deceased person is a man from List B:
Gotra c`s, ´.:´.: Relation Name s¸´.¸s·¯.: µc. ðc`cc. s_¯._ ´.¸c· ´.´.:..o..

If the deceased person is a woman from List B:
Gotra c`s·, ´.:´.: Relation Name s¸´.¸s·¯.: µc. ðc`cc. s_¯.¸ ´.¸c· ´.´.:..o..

In all the cases, the word "Gotra" in the mantras is to be replaced by the gotra name of the deceased
person (e.g. Vasishtha, Gautama, Angirasa, Bharadwaja, Kaushika, Atri etc). Gotra of a person traces to
the Rishi (sage) from whom the family line originated. If the gotra is not known, one can use Achyuta
(o.:¸s) for those who prefer Vishnu and Shiva (`´.) for those who prefer Shiva, as the default gotra. The
word "Name" in the mantras is to be replaced by the actual name of the deceased person. The word
"Relation" in the mantras is to be replaced by the Sanskrit word describing the relationship of the
deceased person to you. Get it from the following tables. Please note that tarpana can be offered to
several specific people. In that case, repeat the above mantra by inserting the gotra, name and
relationship corresponding to each.

Get the Sanskrit words for relationship from the table below.

List A (paternal/maternal ancestors):

Father: ¯.s· Mother: ´.:s·
Father’s father: ¯.s·´.:´. Father’s mother: ¯.s·´.:'.
Father’s father’s father: ´.,¯.s·´.:´. Father’s father’s mother: ´.,¯.s·´.:'.
Mother’s father: ´.:s·´.:´. Mother's mother: ´.:s·´.:'.
Mother’s father’s father: ´.,´.:s·´.:´. Mother’s father’s mother: ´.,´.:s·´.:'.
Mother’s father’s father’s father: ´.¸c¸´.,´.:s·´.:´. Mother’s father’s father’s mother: ´.¸c¸´.,´.:s·´.:'.

List B (others):

Wife: ´.ð¸ Husband: ´.ð Son: ´.¸s, Daughter: c.·¸
Page 9 of 9
Daughter-in-law: ´.¸s,´.ð¸ Son’s son: .·s, Son’s daughter: .·ð,
Son-in-law: æ·´.:s· Daughter’s son: c¯.s, Daughter’s daughter: c¯.ð,
Brother: :·,s· Sister: :c¯
Step-mother: `·´.s¸´.:s· Step-father: `·´.s¸¯.s·
Step-brother: `·´.s¸:·,s· Step-sister: `·´.s¸:c¯
Father’s brother: ¯.s¸´.¸ Mother’s brother: ´.:s:c
Father’s sister: ¯.s¸:c¯ Mother’s sister: ´.:s¸:c¯
Father-in-law: ´.¸´.:c Mother-in-law: ´.¸´.:c´.ð¸
Male teacher: c:c: Male teacher’s wife: c:c:´.ð¸
Female teacher: c:c¸ Female teacher’s husband: c:c¸´.ð
Disciple: `´.¸ Friend: ´.»·
A dear one: ÷´.¸æ´. One born in the same lineage: ´.¸c:cæ·s

Conclusion

While releasing water continuously in the style previously mentioned, recite the following verses.

´.cc´.: ´.´.:¯.¸´.: c::s.·´.: . c:: ¯.¸s· . s.·. ÷.·¸c::.·_c::ss ÷c::s ´.9c¯.: ´.:c:: ..
c:: :·.c.· :·.c.·´.¸ c::´.¸æ´._¯ :·.c.· . s s¸¯.¸´.:åc· c::´.:¸ c::.·¸´._s`¸é.·..ð ..
c:: ¯.: c:c c:´.¸¯..c· ´.¸s,c·c ¯´.c¸s· . s.·. ¯. cs¸´.:_c::¸. µc´.:´.:¸ ðc`cc. ..
÷:,´._´.¸´.:¸´.c¸´.¸. c´.c¸¯.s¸´.:´..· . s¸´.¸.s: ¯.sc ´.c¸ ´.:s¸ ´.:s·´.:´.cc:: ..
oðsc:cc`c.·. ´.´.¸c¸´.¯.·¯..·. . ÷:,´._::´..·s c`c·s µc´.:´.:¸ ðc`cc. ..

Now throw away the remaining water in the pot, clean it and take fresh water in it. Put back the
sacred thread in the normal way (see previous sections for the description). Sit facing the east.
While saying the following, offer fresh water through the region marked as “1” in the picture (tips of
fingers) to gods, like in Deva tarpana described earlier

:. ´.:c·¸c:: ´.´.: . :. :,´._e ´.´.: . :. oc¸c:: ´.´.: . :. ´.¸ç_¯.¸ ´.´.: . :. ´.c:e·c:: ´.´.: . :.
¯´.¸¯. ´.´.: .

Say the following and think that you have surrendered the doership of the just finished action to the Lord.
Now you should try to completely abandon the thought that “you” did it.

o¯.´. c::ç·´.c¸c¸s´. c´.c¸¯.s¸ sc¸e·»¸´. cc_e· :c.·¯. ¯.s¸´.¸c:'. æ.·c¸´. .·´.:c´. '.,c::s·. ´. ´.:´.:
. :. ss ´.s . :. ´.c¸. `, c¸.·¸c¸e´.:´.:¸ . :. c`c· ´.´.:`·¸ ´.:å.` :´..s: . :. ´.c¸ æ.· ´.:å.`
:´..s: . :. .·.ð .·.ð .·.ð .

a sacred grass. (3) Black sesame seeds. There are some restrictions. use a grain that is locally popular and available. while holding and leaving water. In the absence of turmeric powder. but not the ones requiring water with sesame seeds. and. use white or brown sesame seeds as a substitute. If that is not available. 6th and 11th tithis of the lunar fortnights). is to be worn on the right hand ring finger during the ritual. brass or panchalohas (five metals). If you do not have darbha. So wear some ring on the right hand ring finger. (4) Darbhas or kushas. use a locally available grass. If that is not possible. If you cannot get any of them. Page 2 of 9 . tarpana can be performed inside one’s house also.performing tarpana. (2) on a Friday that has a nanda tithi (1st. known as pavitram. use akshatas (see (2) above) instead of sesame seeds. Krittika or Magha nakshatra. than skipping the ritual altogether. On these days. steel or clay. silver. Each darbha has a sharp edge and a base. You need to hold three of them in your right palm. Try your best to get them. just ignore darbhas in all directions and proceed without them. It should ideally not be made of iron. tarpanas not requiring water with sesame seed can be performed. (4) on one’s birthday. proceed without it. it is better to make compromises when you have no suitable pot. At those times. Materials Needed One needs the following materials: (1) Water pot made ideally of gold. bronze. (3) on a Sunday with Moon in Bharani. If that cannot be done. it is acceptable to wear any ring made of any gemstone or gold or silver. In the absence of rice grains. (5) A ring made of darbha. just plain rice grains can be used as akshatas. copper. However. (2) Some akshatas made by mixing uncooked plain white (or brown) rice grains with turmeric powder and a drop of ghee (clarified butter) or an oil. Tarpana with water containing sesame seeds (which is needed for pitris) should not be performed: (1) on a Sunday that has saptami tithi (7th day of the lunar fortnight). If you cannot get them.

If you do not have darbhas. Once water is poured into the right palm. MA sñ¶®î hµÅ¶pïh¸´¢À | MA £¶¨ÀäB hµÅ¶pïh¸´¢À | MA ±µÀlµñB hµÅ¶pïh¸´¢À | MA ¶pñY¹¶piB hµÅ¶pïh¸´¢À | MA lÉ¢¸B hµÅ¶pïAh¸´¢À | MA lɶ¢ïB hµÅ¶pïAh¸´¢À | MA ¶¢¶ª¶¢B hµÅ¶pïAh¸´¢À | MA ±µÀl¸ñB hµÅ¶pïAh¸´¢À | MA Dl¼h¸ïB hµÅ¶pïAh¸´¢À | MA VûµAl¸A»ª hµÅ¶pïAh¸´¢À | MA Ê¢l¸B hµÅ¶pïAh¸´¢À | MA sÀÀ¶¨±ÀµÀB hµÅ¶pïAh¸´¢À | MA SµAlûµ±¸öB hµÅ¶pïAh¸´¢À | MA C¶pù±µ¶ªB hµÅ¶pïAh¸´¢À | MA lÉ¢¸¶mÀS¸B hµÅ¶pïAh¸´¢À | MA m¸S¸B hµÅ¶pïAh¸´¢À | MA «¸Sµ±¸B hµÅ¶pïAh¸´¢À | MA ¶p±µöh¸B hµÅ¶pïAh¸´¢À | MA ¶ª±¼hµB hµÅ¶pïAh¸´¢À | MA ¶¢À¶mÀ©¸ïB hµÅ¶pïAh¸´¢À | MA ±ÀµÀ°¸B hµÅ¶pïAh¸´¢À | MA ±µ°¸A»ª hµÅ¶pïAh¸´¢À | MA »p¥¹V¸B hµÅ¶pïAh¸´¢À | MA ¶ªÀ¶p±¸äB hµÅ¶pïAh¸´¢À | MA sûµÃh¸n hµÅ¶pïAh¸´¢À | MA ¶p¶¥¶¢B hµÅ¶pïAh¸´¢À | MA ¶¢¶m¶ªêhµ±ÀµÀB hµÅ¶pïAh¸´¢À | MA M¶¨lûµ±ÀµÀB hµÅ¶pïAh¸´¢À | Rishi Tarpana You need to continue to sit facing east with the right knee in contact with earth. rishis etc in that water pot. say one mantra and release the water.Sankalpam (vow) While sitting cross-legged. say the mantra and then drop the water via the tips of the fingers of both hands. place them on the right hand palm with the tips of the darbhas aligned with the tips of fingers. make a bowl (an anjali) with both the palms joined together. You can pour directly from the pot or use a spoon to pour.e. hold the water pot on the right hand palm. Put some akshatas in the water pot. If you are performing this in a river. MA Oµ¶¥ï¶p: hµÅ¶pïh¸´¢À | MA Ciñ: hµÅ¶pïh¸´¢À | MA ¶¢»ª¶¨á: hµÅ¶pïh¸´¢À | MA £¥¹ö£Àhµñ: hµÅ¶pïh¸´¢À | MA SÓhµ¶¢À: hµÅ¶pïh¸´¢À | MA sûµ±µl¸öY: hµÅ¶pïh¸´¢À | MA Y¶¢ÀlµS¼é: hµÅ¶pïh¸´¢À | MA CAS¼±¸: hµÅ¶pïh¸´¢À | MA OµÀhµù: hµÅ¶pïh¸´¢À | MA sûµÅSµÀ: hµÅ¶pïh¸´¢À | Page 3 of 9 . cover it with the left hand palm and say the following to request the presence of gods. You need to use the water containing akshatas and do the same way as in Deva tarpana. Rishis and Pitris to the best of my ability”. the empty left-hand palm is placed on the right knee with the palm facing up. After reciting it. The following is recited to take a sankalpa (vow) to perform this ritual. from the area marked as “1” in the picture. Use the following mantras. If you have 3 darbhas. MA Clµï ¶¥Àsûµ l¼Êm ¶¥Àsûµ ¶¢ÀÀ¶¬À±Éå lɶ¢±¼ø»phµÅ¾pñhµï±µæA lɶ¢±¼ø»phµÅhµ±µêg´¢À ±ÀµÀk¸¶¥Oºå Oµ±¼Ê¨ï | Deva Tarpana The first to be performed is Deva Tarpana. may all the great ones who live in the stomach of the cosmic egg of creation come here”. It means “may Brahma etc gods and Kashyapa etc sages. it is closed and the closed fist of the right hand is placed on the left palm with the palm of the closed right fist facing down (towards the left hand palm). the akshatas are dropped on the ground in front of one. Pour some water with the left hand into the open right palm. take water in that bowl. Sit facing the east direction. They are also microcosmically present in each person as various good qualities inside that person. sñ¶®îlµ±ÀµÀB ¶ªÀ±¸B ¶ª±Éö sÀÀ¶¨±ÀµÀB Oµ¶¥ïq¸lµ±ÀµÀB | DSµVµÜAhµÀ ¶¢À¶®sû¹S¸ sñ¶®îAfÐlµ±µ¶¢±¼å¶mB || Now say the following mantras once each. i.e. you can stand in the river. place the left leg over right leg so that left knee is a little above the ground). do not worry. You may insert them in a ring or something to force them to stay on the palm and not move off. The right knee should be in contact with the ground. Place the water pot in front of you. I shall perform tarpana to Devas. while the left knee should be out of contact with the ground (i. The water should be released such that it falls out of the right hand palm from the tips of the four fingers. Some akshatas are taken in the right hand. raise the hands as high as you can. satiation of various gods who run this universe. It means “on this auspicious day and auspicious time.

Release water (in the style previously mentioned) whenever you encounter a number. say a mantra and leave the water sideways through the portion below the little finger. If you have 3 darbhas in your hand. Pour some black sesame seeds in the water pot. sacred thread for men is worn above the shoulder on the left and below the shoulder (i. lord Yama (keeper of dharma and judge of people’s karmas) and lord Aryaman (ruler of the domain of souls). wear it in reverse. wear it now above the shoulder on the right and below the shoulder (i. Water should be touching the base of darbhas as it leaves the palm. Normally. Divya Pitri Tarpana Now offerings are made to some divine spirits.e. at the hip level) on the right. with raised knees.Change of Sacred Thread and Sitting Style Now sit facing the north direction. place them on the little finger.e. The left knee should be in contact with the ground. i. with the tips of darbhas aligned with the tip of little finger. say each mantra and release it sideways from the area below the base of the index finger. Page 4 of 9 . the area marked as “2” in the picture. water god (who carries the drowned). MA MA MA MA CS¼é: hµÅ¶pïh¸´¢À ElµA ¶ªwvA YvA hµËȪþî ¶ªölû¸ ¶m¶¢À:||1|| hµËȪþî ¶ªölû¸ ¶m¶¢À:||2|| hµËȪþî ¶ªölû¸ ¶m¶¢À:||3|| «Ò¶¢À: hµÅ¶pïh¸´¢À ElµA ¶ªwvA YvA hµËȪþî ¶ªölû¸ ¶m¶¢À:||1|| hµËȪþî ¶ªölû¸ ¶m¶¢À:||2|| hµËȪþî ¶ªölû¸ ¶m¶¢À:||3|| ±ÀµÀ¶¢À: hµÅ¶pïh¸´¢À ElµA ¶ªwvA YvA hµËȪþî ¶ªölû¸ ¶m¶¢À:||1|| hµËȪþî ¶ªölû¸ ¶m¶¢À:||2|| hµËȪþî ¶ªölû¸ ¶m¶¢À:||3|| C±µï¶¢Ã: hµÅ¶pïh¸´¢À ElµA ¶ªwvA YvA hµËȪþî ¶ªölû¸ ¶m¶¢À:||1|| hµËȪþî ¶ªölû¸ ¶m¶¢À:||2|| hµËȪþî ¶ªölû¸ ¶m¶¢À:||3|| Next 3 mantras are for all the manes that were burnt by fire or carried by water or elevated beings that just left the body. wear it like a necklace. So sit with the left leg on the ground and the right leg on top of left leg. do not worry. Change its position without removing it from the body. Change its position without removing it from the body. Three offerings are made with each mantra now.e. If you have 3 darbhas in your hand. Pour water in the right palm. In other words. If you do not have darbhas. However. i. MA ¶ª¶mOµ: hµÅ¶pïh¸´¢À | MA ¶ª¶mOµ: hµÅ¶pïh¸´¢À | MA ¶ª¶mAlµ: hµÅ¶pïh¸´¢À | MA ¶ª¶mAlµ: hµÅ¶pïh¸´¢À | MA ¶ªm¸hµ¶m: hµÅ¶pïh¸´¢À | MA ¶ªm¸hµ¶m: hµÅ¶pïh¸´¢À | MA ¶ª¶mhµÀÖ¶¢Ã±µ: hµÅ¶pïh¸´¢À | MA ¶ª¶mhµÀÖ¶¢Ã±µ: hµÅ¶pïh¸´¢À | MA Oµ»pv: hµÅ¶pïh¸´¢À | MA Oµ»pv: hµÅ¶pïh¸´¢À | MA D¶ªÀ±¼: hµÅ¶pïh¸´¢À | MA D¶ªÀ±¼: hµÅ¶pïh¸´¢À | MA ¢ÐfûµÀ: hµÅ¶pïh¸´¢À | MA ¢ÐfûµÀ: hµÅ¶pïh¸´¢À | MA ¶pAVµ¦P: hµÅ¶pïh¸´¢À | MA ¶pAVµ¦P: hµÅ¶pïh¸´¢À | Some changes before the next sections Sit facing the south direction. leave water from the area below the base of the little finger of the right hand. at the hip level) on the left. These four mantras are for the fire god (who carries the burnt). The style of releasing water from now onwards: Take some water. While saying the following mantras.e. wear it like a normal necklace now. Divya Manushya Tarpana Now offerings are made to some divine men. i. Sit without touching either knee to the ground. If you are wearing the sacred thread.e. around the neck. Water should fall touching the middle of the darbhas as it leaves the palm in area “2”. from the area marked as “3” in the picture. hold it in the right palm. If you are wearing the sacred thread. while the right knee should be above the ground and not touching it. with the tips of darbhas aligned with the tip of the index finger. place them on the index finger.

who is the keeper of dharma and judge of people’s karmas. To beings who played the role of father in various lives to you: ¶¢À¶¢À ¶ª±µöYÊmÀ »phµ±µ: hµÅ¶pïAh¸´¢À ElµA ivÑlµOµA ¶ªölû¸±ÀÀsûµï: hÉsûµï: ¶ªölû¸ ¶m¶¢À: ||1|| hÉsûµï: ¶ªölû¸ ¶m¶¢À: ||2|| hÉsûµï: ¶ªölû¸ ¶m¶¢À: ||3|| To beings who played the role of father’s father in various lives to you: ¶¢À¶¢À ¶ª±µöYÊmÀ »ph¸¶¢À¶®: hµÅ¶pïAh¸´¢À ElµA ivÑlµOµA ¶ªölû¸±ÀÀsûµï: hÉsûµï: ¶ªölû¸ ¶m¶¢À: ||1|| hÉsûµï: ¶ªölû¸ ¶m¶¢À: ||2|| hÉsûµï: ¶ªölû¸ ¶m¶¢À: ||3|| Page 5 of 9 . irrespective of whether any of one’s parents and other relations are alive or not.MA CS¼é¶¨À Dh¸åB »phµ±µB hµÅ¶pïAh¸´¢À ElµA ¶ªwvA YvA hÉsûµïB ¶ªölû¸ ¶m¶¢ÀB||1|| hÉsûµïB ¶ªölû¸ ¶m¶¢ÀB||2|| hÉsûµïB ¶ªölû¸ ¶m¶¢ÀB||3|| MA «Ï¶¢Àq¸: »phµ±µ: hµÅ¶pïAh¸´¢À ElµA ¶ªwvA YvA hÉsûµï: ¶ªölû¸ ¶m¶¢À:||1|| hÉsûµï: ¶ªölû¸ ¶m¶¢À:||2|| hÉsûµï: ¶ªölû¸ ¶m¶¢À:||3|| MA s±¼ú¶¨lµ: »phµ±µ: hµÅ¶pïAh¸´¢À ElµA ¶ªwvA YvA hÉsûµï: ¶ªölû¸ ¶m¶¢À:||1|| hÉsûµï: ¶ªölû¸ ¶m¶¢À:||2|| hÉsûµï: ¶ªölû¸ ¶m¶¢À:||3|| Yama Tarpana These are offerings to Lord Yama. in the style previously mentioned. while only one offering is made to other people. This means “may my ancestors come here and accept my water oblations”. First place the water pot in front of you. either in this life or the ones before. Please note that 3 offerings are made to 3 generations of maternal and paternal ancestors. These mantras are applicable to all. Release water (in the style previously mentioned) whenever you encounter a namah. These are generic mantras to cover all people who have a strong kaarmik connection to you. MA DSµVµÜAhµÀ Ê¢À »phµ±µ: E¶¢ÀA SµÅ¶¬äAhµÀ Yv¹AYw´¢À | Use the following mantras and release water 3 times or one time with each mantra on encountering numbers. bow to it and say the following. MA MA MA MA MA MA MA MA MA MA MA MA MA MA ±ÀµÀ¶¢Ã±ÀµÀ ¶m¶¢À: | MA ±ÀµÀ¶¢Ã±ÀµÀ ¶m¶¢À: | MA ±ÀµÀ¶¢Ã±ÀµÀ ¶m¶¢À: | lûµ±µî±¸Y¹±ÀµÀ ¶m¶¢À: | MA lûµ±µî±¸Y¹±ÀµÀ ¶m¶¢À: | MA lûµ±µî±¸Y¹±ÀµÀ ¶m¶¢À: | ¶¢ÀÅhµïÊ¢ ¶m¶¢À: | MA ¶¢ÀÅhµïÊ¢ ¶m¶¢À: | MA ¶¢ÀÅhµïÊ¢ ¶m¶¢À: | CAhµO¸±ÀµÀ ¶m¶¢À: | MA CAhµO¸±ÀµÀ ¶m¶¢À: | MA CAhµO¸±ÀµÀ ¶m¶¢À: | ËÈ¢¶¢¶ªöh¸±ÀµÀ ¶m¶¢ÀB | MA ËÈ¢¶¢¶ªöh¸±ÀµÀ ¶m¶¢ÀB | MA ËÈ¢¶¢¶ªöh¸±ÀµÀ ¶m¶¢ÀB | O¸v¹±ÀµÀ ¶m¶¢À: | MA O¸v¹±ÀµÀ ¶m¶¢À: | MA O¸v¹±ÀµÀ ¶m¶¢À: | ¶ª±µösûµÃhµ°µ±ÀµÃ±ÀµÀ ¶m¶¢À: | MA ¶ª±µösûµÃhµ°µ±ÀµÃ±ÀµÀ ¶m¶¢À: | MA ¶ª±µösûµÃhµ°µ±ÀµÃ±ÀµÀ ¶m¶¢À: | NlµÀ¶¢À챸±ÀµÀ ¶m¶¢À: | MA NlµÀ¶¢À챸±ÀµÀ ¶m¶¢À: | MA NlµÀ¶¢À챸±ÀµÀ ¶m¶¢À: | lµlû¸é±ÀµÀ ¶m¶¢À: | MA lµlû¸é±ÀµÀ ¶m¶¢À: | MA lµlû¸é±ÀµÀ ¶m¶¢À: | ov¹±ÀµÀ ¶m¶¢À: | MA ov¹±ÀµÀ ¶m¶¢À: | MA ov¹±ÀµÀ ¶m¶¢À: | ¶p±µÊ¢À»¨áÊm ¶m¶¢ÀB | MA ¶p±µÊ¢À»¨áÊm ¶m¶¢ÀB | MA ¶p±µÊ¢À»¨áÊm ¶m¶¢ÀB | ¶¢ÅOÐlµ±¸±ÀµÀ ¶m¶¢À: | MA ¶¢ÅOÐlµ±¸±ÀµÀ ¶m¶¢À: | MA ¶¢ÅOÐlµ±¸±ÀµÀ ¶m¶¢À: | Wh¸ñ±ÀµÀ ¶m¶¢À: | MA Wh¸ñ±ÀµÀ ¶m¶¢À: | MA Wh¸ñ±ÀµÀ ¶m¶¢À: | WhµñSµÀq¸å±ÀµÀ ¶m¶¢À: | MA WhµñSµÀq¸å±ÀµÀ ¶m¶¢À: | MA WhµñSµÀq¸å±ÀµÀ ¶m¶¢À: | Pitri Tarpana These are offerings to various deceased ancestors of various lives.

To beings who played the role of father’s father’s father in various lives to you: ¶¢À¶¢À ¶ª±µöYÊmÀ ¶pñ»ph¸¶¢À¶®: hµÅ¶pïAh¸´¢À ElµA ivÑlµOµA ¶ªölû¸±ÀÀsûµï: hÉsûµï: ¶ªölû¸ ¶m¶¢À: ||1|| hÉsûµï: ¶ªölû¸ ¶m¶¢À: ||2|| hÉsûµï: ¶ªölû¸ ¶m¶¢À: ||3|| To beings who played the role of mother in various lives to you: ¶¢À¶¢À ¶ª±µöYÊmÀ ¶¢Ãhµ±µ: hµÅ¶pïAh¸´¢À ElµA ivÑlµOµA ¶ªölû¸±ÀÀsûµï: h¸sûµï: ¶ªölû¸ ¶m¶¢À: ||1|| h¸sûµï: ¶ªölû¸ ¶m¶¢À: ||2|| h¸sûµï: ¶ªölû¸ ¶m¶¢À: ||3|| To beings who played the role of father’s mother in various lives to you: ¶¢À¶¢À ¶ª±µöYÊmÀ »ph¸¶¢À¶¬ï: hµÅ¶pïAh¸´¢À ElµA ivÑlµOµA ¶ªölû¸±ÀÀsûµï: h¸sûµï: ¶ªölû¸ ¶m¶¢À: ||1|| h¸sûµï: ¶ªölû¸ ¶m¶¢À: ||2|| h¸sûµï: ¶ªölû¸ ¶m¶¢À: ||3|| To beings who played the role of father’s father’s mother in various lives to you: ¶¢À¶¢À ¶ª±µöYÊmÀ ¶pñ»ph¸¶¢À¶¬ï: hµÅ¶pïAh¸´¢À ElµA ivÑlµOµA ¶ªölû¸±ÀÀsûµï: h¸sûµï: ¶ªölû¸ ¶m¶¢À: ||1|| h¸sûµï: ¶ªölû¸ ¶m¶¢À: ||2|| h¸sûµï: ¶ªölû¸ ¶m¶¢À: ||3|| To beings who played the role of wife in various lives to you: ¶¢À¶¢À ¶ª±µöYÊmÀ ¶phµéþï: hµÅ¶pïAh¸´¢À ElµA ivÑlµOµA ¶ªölû¸±ÀÀsûµï: h¸sûµï: ¶ªölû¸ ¶m¶¢À: ||1|| To beings who played the role of husband in various lives to you: ¶¢À¶¢À ¶ª±µöYÊmÀ ¶phµ±ÀµÀ: hµÅ¶pïAh¸´¢À ElµA ivÑlµOµA ¶ªölû¸±ÀÀsûµï: hÉsûµï: ¶ªölû¸ ¶m¶¢À: ||1|| To beings who played the role of son in various lives to you: ¶¢À¶¢À ¶ª±µöYÊmÀ ¶pÁh¸ñ: hµÅ¶pïAh¸´¢À ElµA ivÑlµOµA ¶ªölû¸±ÀÀsûµï: hÉsûµï: ¶ªölû¸ ¶m¶¢À: ||1|| To beings who played the role of daughter in various lives to you: ¶¢À¶¢À ¶ª±µöYÊmÀ Oµm¸ï: hµÅ¶pïAh¸´¢À ElµA ivÑlµOµA ¶ªölû¸±ÀÀsûµï: h¸sûµï: ¶ªölû¸ ¶m¶¢À: ||1|| To beings who played the role of step-mother in various lives to you: ¶¢À¶¢À ¶ª±µöYÊmÀ «¸¶phµé¶¢Ãhµ±µ: hµÅ¶pïAh¸´¢À ElµA ivÑlµOµA ¶ªölû¸±ÀÀsûµï: h¸sûµï: ¶ªölû¸ ¶m¶¢À: ||1|| To beings who played the role of mother’s father in various lives to you: ¶¢À¶¢À ¶ª±µöYÊmÀ ¶¢Ãh¸¶¢À¶®: hµÅ¶pïAh¸´¢À ElµA ivÑlµOµA ¶ªölû¸±ÀÀsûµï: hÉsûµï: ¶ªölû¸ ¶m¶¢À: ||1|| hÉsûµï: ¶ªölû¸ ¶m¶¢À: ||2|| hÉsûµï: ¶ªölû¸ ¶m¶¢À: ||3|| To beings who played the role of mother’s father’s father in various lives to you: ¶¢À¶¢À ¶ª±µöYÊmÀ ¶pñ¶¢Ãh¸¶¢À¶®: hµÅ¶pïAh¸´¢À ElµA ivÑlµOµA ¶ªölû¸±ÀÀsûµï: hÉsûµï: ¶ªölû¸ ¶m¶¢À: ||1|| hÉsûµï: ¶ªölû¸ ¶m¶¢À: ||2|| hÉsûµï: ¶ªölû¸ ¶m¶¢À: ||3|| To beings who played the role of mother’s father’s father’s father in various lives to you: ¶¢À¶¢À ¶ª±µöYÊmÀ ¶¢Ålµè¶pñ¶¢Ãh¸¶¢À¶®: hµÅ¶pïAh¸´¢À ElµA ivÑlµOµA ¶ªölû¸±ÀÀsûµï: hÉsûµï: ¶ªölû¸ ¶m¶¢À: ||1|| hÉsûµï: ¶ªölû¸ ¶m¶¢À: ||2|| hÉsûµï: ¶ªölû¸ ¶m¶¢À: ||3|| To beings who played the role of mother’s mother in various lives to you: ¶¢À¶¢À ¶ª±µöYÊmÀ ¶¢Ãh¸¶¢À¶¬ï: hµÅ¶pïAh¸´¢À ElµA ivÑlµOµA ¶ªölû¸±ÀÀsûµï: h¸sûµï: ¶ªölû¸ ¶m¶¢À: ||1|| h¸sûµï: ¶ªölû¸ ¶m¶¢À: ||2|| h¸sûµï: ¶ªölû¸ ¶m¶¢À: ||3|| Page 6 of 9 .

To beings who played the role of mother’s father’s mother in various lives to you: ¶¢À¶¢À ¶ª±µöYÊmÀ ¶pñ¶¢Ãh¸¶¢À¶¬ï: hµÅ¶pïAh¸´¢À ElµA ivÑlµOµA ¶ªölû¸±ÀÀsûµï: h¸sûµï: ¶ªölû¸ ¶m¶¢À: ||1|| h¸sûµï: ¶ªölû¸ ¶m¶¢À: ||2|| h¸sûµï: ¶ªölû¸ ¶m¶¢À: ||3|| To beings who played the role of mother’s father’s father’s mother in various lives to you: ¶¢À¶¢À ¶ª±µöYÊmÀ ¶¢Ålµè¶pñ¶¢Ãh¸¶¢À¶¬ï: hµÅ¶pïAh¸´¢À ElµA ivÑlµOµA ¶ªölû¸±ÀÀsûµï: h¸sûµï: ¶ªölû¸ ¶m¶¢À: ||1|| h¸sûµï: ¶ªölû¸ ¶m¶¢À: ||2|| h¸sûµï: ¶ªölû¸ ¶m¶¢À: ||3|| To beings who played the role of brother in various lives to you: ¶¢À¶¢À ¶ª±µöYÊmÀ sû¹ñhµ±µ: hµÅ¶pïAh¸´¢À ElµA ivÑlµOµA ¶ªölû¸±ÀÀsûµï: hÉsûµï: ¶ªölû¸ ¶m¶¢À: ||1|| To beings who played the role of sister in various lives to you: ¶¢À¶¢À ¶ª±µöYÊmÀ sûµS¼¶mï: hµÅ¶pïAh¸´¢À ElµA ivÑlµOµA ¶ªölû¸±ÀÀsûµï: h¸sûµï: ¶ªölû¸ ¶m¶¢À: ||1|| To beings who played the role of father’s brother in various lives to you: ¶¢À¶¢À ¶ª±µöYÊmÀ »phµÅ¢¸ï: hµÅ¶pïAh¸´¢À ElµA ivÑlµOµA ¶ªölû¸±ÀÀsûµï: hÉsûµï: ¶ªölû¸ ¶m¶¢À: ||1|| To beings who played the role of mother’s brother in various lives to you: ¶¢À¶¢À ¶ª±µöYÊmÀ ¶¢ÃhµÀv¹: hµÅ¶pïAh¸´¢À ElµA ivÑlµOµA ¶ªölû¸±ÀÀsûµï: hÉsûµï: ¶ªölû¸ ¶m¶¢À: ||1|| To beings who played the role of step-brother in various lives to you: ¶¢À¶¢À ¶ª±µöYÊmÀ «¸¶phµésû¹ñhµ±µ: hµÅ¶pïAh¸´¢À ElµA ivÑlµOµA ¶ªölû¸±ÀÀsûµï: hÉsûµï: ¶ªölû¸ ¶m¶¢À: ||1|| To beings who played the role of step-sister in various lives to you: ¶¢À¶¢À ¶ª±µöYÊmÀ «¸¶phµésûµS¼¶mï: hµÅ¶pïAh¸´¢À ElµA ivÑlµOµA ¶ªölû¸±ÀÀsûµï: h¸sûµï: ¶ªölû¸ ¶m¶¢À: ||1|| To beings who played the role of father’s sister in various lives to you: ¶¢À¶¢À ¶ª±µöYÊmÀ »phµÅsûµS¼¶mï: hµÅ¶pïAh¸´¢À ElµA ivÑlµOµA ¶ªölû¸±ÀÀsûµï: h¸sûµï: ¶ªölû¸ ¶m¶¢À: ||1|| To beings who played the role of mother’s sister in various lives to you: ¶¢À¶¢À ¶ª±µöYÊmÀ ¶¢ÃhµÅsûµS¼¶mï: hµÅ¶pïAh¸´¢À ElµA ivÑlµOµA ¶ªölû¸±ÀÀsûµï: h¸sûµï: ¶ªölû¸ ¶m¶¢À: ||1|| To beings who played the role of father-in-law in various lives to you: ¶¢À¶¢À ¶ª±µöYÊmÀ ¶¥ö¶¥À±¸: hµÅ¶pïAh¸´¢À ElµA ivÑlµOµA ¶ªölû¸±ÀÀsûµï: hÉsûµï: ¶ªölû¸ ¶m¶¢À: ||1|| To beings who played the role of mother-in-law in various lives to you: ¶¢À¶¢À ¶ª±µöYÊmÀ ¶¥ö¶¥À±µ¶phµéþï: hµÅ¶pïAh¸´¢À ElµA ivÑlµOµA ¶ªölû¸±ÀÀsûµï: h¸sûµï: ¶ªölû¸ ¶m¶¢À: ||1|| To beings who played the role of guru (teacher) in various lives to you: ¶¢À¶¢À ¶ª±µöYÊmÀ SµÀ±µ¶¢: hµÅ¶pïAh¸´¢À ElµA ivÑlµOµA ¶ªölû¸±ÀÀsûµï: hÉsûµï: ¶ªölû¸ ¶m¶¢À: ||1|| To beings who played the role of guru’s wife in various lives to you: ¶¢À¶¢À ¶ª±µöYÊmÀ SµÀ±µÀ¶phµéþï: hµÅ¶pïAh¸´¢À ElµA ivÑlµOµA ¶ªölû¸±ÀÀsûµï: h¸sûµï: ¶ªölû¸ ¶m¶¢À: ||1|| To beings who played the role of sishya (disciple) in various lives to you: ¶¢À¶¢À ¶ª±µöYÊmÀ ¦©¸ï: hµÅ¶pïAh¸´¢À ElµA ivÑlµOµA ¶ªölû¸±ÀÀsûµï: hÉsûµï: ¶ªölû¸ ¶m¶¢À: ||1|| To beings who played the role of friend in various lives to you: ¶¢À¶¢À ¶ª±µöYÊmÀ ¶ªP¹: hµÅ¶pïAh¸´¢À ElµA ivÑlµOµA ¶ªölû¸±ÀÀsûµï: hÉsûµï: ¶ªölû¸ ¶m¶¢À: ||1|| Page 7 of 9 .

Substitute the gotra. Please note that tarpana can be offered to several specific people. name and relationship corresponding to each. If the gotra is not known. Gautama. one can use Achyuta (CVµÀïhµ) for those who prefer Vishnu and Shiva (¦¶¢) for those who prefer Shiva. If the deceased person is a man from List A: Gotra SÐhµñB ¶¢À¶¢À Relation Name hµÅ¶pïh¸´¢À ElµA ivÑlµOµA hµËȪþî ¶ªölû¸ ¶m¶¢ÀB||1|| hµËȪþî ¶ªölû¸ ¶m¶¢ÀB||2|| hµËȪþî ¶ªölû¸ ¶m¶¢ÀB||3|| If the deceased person is a woman from List A: Gotra SÐh¸ñ ¶¢À¶¢À Relation Name hµÅ¶pïh¸´¢À ElµA ivÑlµOµA hµËȪþï ¶ªölû¸ ¶m¶¢ÀB||1|| hµËȪþï ¶ªölû¸ ¶m¶¢ÀB||2|| hµËȪþï ¶ªölû¸ ¶m¶¢ÀB||3|| If the deceased person is a man from List B: Gotra SÐhµñB ¶¢À¶¢À Relation Name hµÅ¶pïh¸´¢À ElµA ivÑlµOµA hµËȪþî ¶ªölû¸ ¶m¶¢ÀB||1|| ivÑlµOµA hµËȪþï ¶ªölû¸ ¶m¶¢ÀB||1|| If the deceased person is a woman from List B: Gotra SÐh¸ñ ¶¢À¶¢À Relation Name hµÅ¶pïh¸´¢À ElµA In all the cases. Kaushika. the word "Gotra" in the mantras is to be replaced by the gotra name of the deceased person (e. The word "Relation" in the mantras is to be replaced by the Sanskrit word describing the relationship of the deceased person to you. Vasishtha. Get the Sanskrit words for relationship from the table below. Bharadwaja. List A (paternal/maternal ancestors): Father: »ph¸ Mother: ¶¢Ãh¸ Father’s father: »ph¸¶¢À¶¬B Father’s mother: »ph¸¶¢À¾¬ Father’s father’s father: ¶pñ»ph¸¶¢À¶¬B Father’s father’s mother: ¶pñ»ph¸¶¢À¾¬ Mother’s father: ¶¢Ãh¸¶¢À¶¬B Mother's mother: ¶¢Ãh¸¶¢À¾¬ Mother’s father’s father: ¶pñ¶¢Ãh¸¶¢À¶¬B Mother’s father’s mother: ¶pñ¶¢Ãh¸¶¢À¾¬ Mother’s father’s father’s father: ¶¢Ålµè¶pñ¶¢Ãh¸¶¢À¶¬B Mother’s father’s father’s mother: ¶¢Ålµè¶pñ¶¢Ãh¸¶¢À¾¬ List B (others): Wife: ¶pjé Husband: ¶piB Son: ¶pÁhµñB Daughter: Oµm¸ï Page 8 of 9 . pick the correct mantra from below. Now. Atri etc).To beings who played the role of a dear one in various lives to you: ¶¢À¶¢À ¶ª±µöYÊmÀ D¶påYm¸: hµÅ¶pïAh¸´¢À ElµA ivÑlµOµA ¶ªölû¸±ÀÀsûµï: hÉsûµï: ¶ªölû¸ ¶m¶¢À: ||1|| To beings who played the role of one born in the same lineage in various lives to you: ¶¢À¶¢À ¶ª±µöYÊmÀ ¶ªöOµÀvY¹h¸: hµÅ¶pïAh¸´¢À ElµA ivÑlµOµA ¶ªölû¸±ÀÀsûµï: hÉsûµï: ¶ªölû¸ ¶m¶¢À: ||1|| Customization for Specific Deceased Persons The exhaustive list above covers various people who were close to us in various lives and left a kaarmik imprint on our soul and resulted in some kaarmik predispositions in this life. as the default gotra. In that case. use the following customization.g. if you want to offer tarpana to a specific deceased person. Angirasa. Gotra of a person traces to the Rishi (sage) from whom the family line originated. repeat the above mantra by inserting the gotra. Get it from the following tables. Based on whether the deceased is a man or woman. relation and name in the mantra to get a customized mantra. The word "Name" in the mantras is to be replaced by the actual name of the deceased person.

CÊm¶m ±ÀµÀk¸¶¥OºåOµÅhɶm lɶ¢±¼ø»phµÅ hµ±µêg¸PÉï¶m Oµ±µîg¸ sûµSµ¢¸´m »phµÅ¶ªö±µÃ¾p Ym¸±µç¶m ¢¸¶ªÀlɶ¢B ¾pñ±ÀµÀh¸A ¶m ¶¢À¶¢À | MA hµh³ ¶ªh³ | MA ¶ª±µöA §ñ OµÅ©¸ä±µêg¶¢À¶ªÀå | MA vÑO¸B ¶ª¶¢À«¸åB ¶ªÀQmÐ sûµ¶¢AhµÀ | MA ¶ª±Éö Ym¸B ¶ªÀQmÐ sûµ¶¢AhµÀ | MA ¥¹AiB ¥¹AiB ¥¹AiB | Page 9 of 9 .¶pÁhµñ¶pjé Son’s son: qÕhµñB Son’s daughter: qÕjñ Y¹¶¢Ãh¸ Daughter’s son: lÓ»¬hµñB Daughter’s daughter: lÓ»¬jñ Brother: sû¹ñh¸ Sister: sûµS¼o Step-mother: «¸¶phµé¶¢Ãh¸ Step-father: «¸¶phµé»ph¸ Step-brother: «¸¶phµésû¹ñh¸ Step-sister: «¸¶phµésûµS¼o Father’s brother: »phµÅ¶¢ïB Mother’s brother: ¶¢ÃhµÀvB Father’s sister: »phµÅsûµS¼o Mother’s sister: ¶¢ÃhµÅsûµS¼o Father-in-law: ¶¥ö¶¥À±µB Mother-in-law: ¶¥ö¶¥À±µ¶pjé Male teacher: SµÀ±µÀB Male teacher’s wife: SµÀ±µÀ¶pjé Female teacher: SµÀ±¿ö Female teacher’s husband: SµÀ±¿ö¶piB Disciple: ¦¶¨ïB Friend: ¶ªP¹ A dear one: D¶påY¶mB One born in the same lineage: ¶ªöOµÀvY¹hµB Daughter-in-law: Son-in-law: Conclusion While releasing water continuously in the style previously mentioned. ¶m±µOɶ¨À ¶ª¶¢Àʪ嶨À ±ÀµÃhµm¸¶ªÀ Vµ ±ÀÉÀ »ªæh¸B | hÉ©¸A Dq¸ï±ÀµÀm¸Ë±ÀÇÀhµh³ F±ÀµÀhÉ ¶ªwv´¢À ¶¢À±ÀµÃ || ±ÀÉÀ s¹Alûµ¢¸ s¹Alûµ¢¸¶¥Û ±ÀÉÀ¶mïY¶mîn s¹Alûµ¢¸B | hÉ hµÅ»p嶢ÀQv¹ ±ÀµÃ¶mÀå ±ÀµÀ¥¹Û¶ªîhÐåtû¢¸AVûµi || ±ÀÉÀ Ê¢À OµÀvÉ vÀ¶på»pAf¸B ¶pÁhµñl¸±µ £¶¢±¼Ýh¸B | hÉ©¸A »¬ lµhµå¶¢À°µ±ÀµÀïA Elµ¶¢À¶ªÀå ivÑlµOµA || Dsñ¶¬î¶ªå¶¢Àì¶p±µï¶måA lɶ¢±¼ø»phµÅ¶¢Ã¶m¢¸B | hµÅ¶pïAhµÀ »phµ±µB ¶ª±Éö ¶¢ÃhµÅ ¶¢Ãh¸¶¢À¶®lµ±ÀµÀB || CjhµOµÀvOÐd½m¸A ¶ª¶pål¿ö¶pn¢¸»ªm¸A | Dsñ¶¬îsûµÀ¶¢m¸h³ vÑO¸h³ Elµ¶¢À¶ªÀå ivÑlµOµA || Now throw away the remaining water in the pot. While saying the following. Now you should try to completely abandon the thought that “you” did it. offer fresh water through the region marked as “1” in the picture (tips of fingers) to gods. clean it and take fresh water in it. Put back the sacred thread in the normal way (see previous sections for the description). recite the following verses. Sit facing the east. like in Deva tarpana described earlier MA ¶ªÃ±¸ï±ÀµÀ ¶m¶¢ÀB | MA sñ¶¬îgÉ ¶m¶¢ÀB | MA CSµé±ÀÉÀ ¶m¶¢ÀB | MA ¶pÅk¼ËÈ¢þï ¶m¶¢ÀB | MA ¶¢±µÀg¸±ÀµÀ ¶m¶¢ÀB | MA £¶¨äÊ¢ ¶m¶¢ÀB | Say the following and think that you have surrendered the doership of the just finished action to the Lord.

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