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# 4w + v = 5 and 2w + v = 8

SPM MATHEMATICS
SET 1
PAPER 2
Answer all questions in this section.

SECTION A

1. The Venn diagram in the answer space shows set A, set B and set C.
On the diagram, shade

(a) A ) B
(b) C ) (A - B)

Answer :
(a)

(b)

A

B

C
A

B

C

2.

Solve the equation

2m 2 + 5m
m + 1

= 2 .

3.

Calculate the values of v and w that satisfy the simultaneous linear equations:
1
3

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1

-

4

Diagram 1 shows a pyramid with a horizontal square base ABCD. T and U
are the midpoints of sides AB and CD respectively. The height of the
pyramid is 6 cm.
V

D

U

8 cm

C

A
T
-

B

DIAGRAM 1

Calculate the angle between the line VT and the base ABCD.

5

In Diagram 2, the graph shows that LN and RS are straight lines.
R is on the y-axis. MR is parallel to the x-axis and LN is parallel to RS.

y
S

N

M(2, k)

L(6, 3)

O

R

x

DIAGRAM 2

The equation of RS is y =

3
2

x + 6
(a)
(b)
(c)
State the value of k.
Find the equation of the straight line LN.
State the x-intercept of LN.

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6

Diagram 3 shows two sector of circle ORQ and OPS with centre O.

R

12 cm

150O

7 cm

P

Q

S

DIAGRAM 3
By using =
22
7
, calculate
(a) the perimeter for the whole diagram in cm,
(b) area of the shaded region in cm2.

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Diagram 4 shows a solid formed by joining a cuboid and a half-cylinder.

DIAGRAM 4
Using =
22
7
, calculate the volume, in cm3, of the solid.

8

(a)

3 2

is m
4
5
n
3

Find the value of m and of n.

(b)

Hence, using matrices, solve the following simultaneous equations :
3x 2y = 8
5x 4y = 13

The inverse matrix of
5 4

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A group of 48 students took part in a leadership course. 8 boys in the group
wore spectacles.

(a)

If a student is selected at random from the group, the probability of
selecting a girl is
3
8
. Find the number of boys in the group.
(b) If a student is selected at random from the boys, find the probability
of selecting a bespectacled boy.

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(a)

(b)

(c)

State whether the sentence below a statement or non-statement ?
x + y =2

Complete the following argument .
Premise 1 : All factors of 12 are factors of 24.
Premise 2 : 3 is a factor of 12.
Conclusion :___________________________________________

Make a general conclusion by induction for the following number
pattern:
5 = 3(2) 1
10 = 3(22) 2
21 = 3(23) 3
60 = 3(24) 4

11 The speed time graph below shows the movement of a trolley for a
period of 16 seconds.
Speed (m s-1)

V

10

0

5

6

16

Time (s)

(a)
(b)
(c)

Find the period of time when the trolley moves at a uniform speed.
State the rate of change in speed in the last 4 seconds.
If the total distance travelled in the 16 seconds is 153 m , find the
value of v .

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y

4 2 0 2 4

x 3 2 1 0 0.5 1 2 3 4 5
y 30 4 3 6 5 0 9 22

Transformation T is the translation

12

13

(a)

(b)

(c)

(d)

(a)

Complete the following table for the equation y = 2x2 5x 3.

By using a scale 2 cm to 1 unit on the x-axis and 2 cm to 5 units on
the y-axis, draw the graph of y = 2x2 5x 3 for -3 x 5.

From your graph, state
i) the value of y when x = -2.4,
ii) the value of x when 2x2 5x 3 = 0.

Draw a suitable straight line on your graph to find all the values of x
which satisfy the equation 2x2 8x = 7 for -3 x 5.
State these values of x.

Diagram 5 shows a Cartesian plane.

x

DIAGRAM 5

Transformation P is a reflection about the line t.
3
5
Transformation R is a rotation of 90 anticlockwise at the origin, O.

State the coordinates of the image of point M under the following
transformations:

(i) R2 ,

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(ii)

TP.

5

J

A
E

D

G

L K

(b) Diagram 6 shows quadrilaterals ABCD, EFGD and JKLD drawn on square grids.

DIAGRAM 6

EFGD is the image of ABCD under transformation W and JKLD is the image of
EFGD under transformation V.

Describe in full ,

(i) transformation W,
(ii) transformation V.

(c) Given the area of JKLD is 64 cm2, calculate the area of the shaded region.

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The data in Diagram 7 shows the height, in cm, of 40 students in a class.

145
168
160
161
170

174
171
167
167
156

150
166
155
170
162

153 153
159 169
160 160
148 177
162 161

148
175
143
165
157

175
165
176
167
179

154
169
153
165
165
DIAGRAM 7

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Height (cm) Frequency Midpoint
141 145 2

(a)

Using the data in Diagram 8, and a class interval of 5 cm, complete the
following table.

Answer:

(b)

(c)

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Using the completed table in (a),
(i) state the modal class,
(ii) estimate the mean mark.

By using a scale of 2 cm to 5 cm on the x-axis and 2 cm to a student on the
y-axis, draw a histogram based on the table in (a).

K, L and M are three points on the surface of the earth such that KL is a
diameter of the earth. K and M lie on the same parallel of latitude 60 0S.
The longitudes of K and M are 50 0W and 15 0W respectively.

(a)
(b)

(c)

Find the location of L.
Find the shortest distance between K and L , in nautical miles,
measured along the surface on the earth.
An aeroplane took off from L at 0810 hours and flew towards K
using the shortest route. Then, it continued to fly due east and
reached M at 2358 hours. Calculate the average speed, in knots,
for the whole flight.

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16 (a)

Diagram below shows a right prism solid with rectangular base ABCD
on a horizontal plane. ABGFE is the uniform cross section of the prism.
Rectangles FGHJ and EFJK are inclined planes. Given that GF = FE.
JF is 4 cm above the base of ABCD.
K

H

5 cm

C

2 cm

G

B

J

F

D

6 cm

E

A

X
Draw to full scale, the elevation of the solid on a vertical plane parallel
to AB as viewed from X.
(b) A solid semi cylinder is joined to the prism at the vertical plane ADKE.
The combined solid is as shown in diagram below. The height of the
semi cylinder is 7 cm.

K

H

G

J

F

E

5 cm

D
A
C

Y

2 cm

B

6 cm
Draw to full scale, (i) the plan of the combined solid,
(ii) the elevation of the combined solid on a vertical plane
parallel to BC as viewed from Y.

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Question Answer
1
A A
C
C
Q Q
B B
2 1
m = , m = 2
2
3 12w + v = 15 or 4w + 2v = 16
v 8
v = 8 + 2w or w = or 4w = 7
2
1
w= , v=9
2
4 6
tan VTU =
4
VTU = 5631 or 5618
5
(a)
(b)
(c)
6
3
y= x + 12
2
x = 8
6 (a)
(b)
90 22 120 22
2 12 + 2 7 + 12 + 5
360 7 360 7
57.53
90 22 2 120 22 2 1
12 + 7 7 12
360 7 360 7 2
122.48
7 Volume of solid = Volume of cuboid + volume of half-cylinder
1 22 2
= 14 x 6 x 4 + x x 3 x 14
2 7
3 3
= 336 cm + 197.92cm
3
= 533.92 cm

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Question Answer
8(a)
(b)
1
m = n = 2
2
3 2 x 8
5 4 y =13
x 1 4 2 8
=

y 2 5 3 13
1
x = 3 and y =
2
9
4
(a) 30 (b)
15
10
11
12
(a)
13
(a)(i)
(ii)
(b)(i)
(ii)
(c)
n
(a)Non-statement (b)3 is a factor of 24 (c)3(2 ) n and n = 1,2,3,
-1
(a) 7 seconds (b) 0 ms (c) v = 14
(b)
2
(c) i) x =2.4 y = 20.5 ii) when 2x 5x 3 = 0
y=0
Then the values of x is -0.5 and 3
(d) y = 3x + 4 From the graph x = 0.75 and 4.75
(2, 1)
(0, 1)
A 90/ 270 clockwise rotation about centre D
Enlargement with scale factor 4 about centre D
2
1
64 64 = 60
4

x 2 0.5
y 15 5

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Question Answer
14
(a)
(b)(i)
(d)
166-170 (ii) 162.125 or 162.1
1
25% students have height less than 1555 cm or 12 % students have height
2
less than 1505 cm.
15
0 0
(a) (60 N, 130 E) (b) 10 800 nautical miles (c) 750 knots
16
(a)
(b)
(i)
K/E H/G
F/J
5 cm
D/A 6 cm C/B
2 cm
6 cm 1 cm

Height (cm) Frequency Midpoint
141-145 2 143
146-150 3 148
151-155 5 153
156-160 6 158
161-165 8 163
166-170 9 168
171-175 4 173
176-180 3 178

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Question Answer
(ii)
7 cm
5 cm
4 cm

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